CTET Exam

CTET: Latest Exam Syllabus, Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips

CTET Exam
CTET: Latest Exam Syllabus, Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips
September 13, 2021
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The Central Board of Secondary Education holds the CTET in the MCQ format. Each question is followed by four options. Moreover, each correct answer carries one mark. However, candidates don’t have to worry even if they give the wrong answer. This is because there is no negative marking in CTET. CBSE releases the CTET syllabus on its official website.

Table of Contents

CTET Syllabus:  An Overdraft

The Central Teacher Eligibility Test has provided the CTET Syllabus in its notification. You can find the notification on CTET Chegg India. The CTET exam consists of two papers in its stricture:

  • Paper I for candidates who wish to teach classes I to V. Thus, it is of the Primary Level
  • Paper II for candidates who wish to teach classes VI to VIII. Thus, it is of the Elementary Level

Many candidates wish to qualify as a teacher for both Primary Level and Elementary Level. Thus, they will have to take both papers.

 

CTET Paper Total Marks Duration
Paper I 150 150 minutes or two & a half hours
Paper-II 150 150 minutes or two & a half hours

 

For CTET Paper I, the exam structure is as follows:

Topic Number of Questions (out of 150) Marks Carried
Child Development and Pedagogy 30 30
Language I 30 30
Language II 30 30
Mathematics 30 30
Environmental Science 30 30

 

Candidates can further divide the question pattern of the exam structure in the following ways:

 
Child Development and Pedagogy:
  • Child Development in the Primary School Level: 15 Questions
  • Inclusive education and understanding children with diverse needs: 5 Questions
  • Learning and Pedagogy: 10 Questions
Language I
  • Comprehension of Language: 15 Questions
  • Language Development Methods: 15 Questions
 
Language II
  • Comprehension of Language: 15 Questions
  • Language Development Methods: 15 Questions
 
Mathematics
  • Basic Arithmetic Problems: 15 Questions
  • Pedagogical Issues: 15 Questions
 
Environmental Science
  • Basic Issues in Life Science: 15 Questions
  • Pedagogical Issues: 15 Questions

 

For CTET Paper II, the exam structure is as follows:

Topic Number of Questions (out of 150) Marks Carried
Child Development and Pedagogy 30 30
Language I 30 30
Language II 30 30
Mathematics and Science

Or

Social Studies/Social Science

60 60

 

Furthermore, candidates can divide the question pattern of the exam structure in the following ways:

 
Child Development and Pedagogy:
  • Child Development in the Elementary School Level: 15 Questions
  • Inclusive education and understanding children with diverse needs: 5 Questions
  • Learning and Pedagogy: 10 Questions
 
Language I
  • Comprehension of Language: 15 Questions
  • Language Development Methods: 15 Questions
 
Language II
  • Comprehension of Language: 15 Questions
  • Language Development Methods: 15 Questions
 
Mathematics and Science
  • Basic Arithmetic Problems: 20 Questions
  • Pedagogical Issues in Math: 10 Questions
  • Basic Content in Science: 20 Questions
  • Pedagogical Issues in Science: 10 Questions
 
Social Studies/Social Science
  • Basic Content tackled in Social Studies/Social Science: 40 Questions
  • Pedagogical Issues in Social Studies/Social Science: 20 Questions

I

n Central Teacher Eligibility Test, the Language II subject is mandatory in both Papers I and II. Moreover, the language chosen in Language II must be different than the one tackled in Language I. Consequently, the Central Board of Secondary Education allows the following languages as options in Language II.

 

English Gujarati Marathi Sanskrit
Hindi Kannada Mizo Tamil
Assamese Khasi Nepali Telegu
Bengali Malayalam Oriya Tibetan
Garo Manipuri Punjabi Urdu

 

CTET Syllabus: In depth

There are two sets of CTET syllabus for Paper I and II of the CTET. Some candidates may wish to qualify as a teacher for both Primary Level and Elementary Level. Thus, they will have to prepare for both papers.

Firstly, the CTET syllabus for Paper I will revolve around the concepts dealt with in NCERT textbooks of classes I to V. However, the difficulty level may also be at par with the Secondary Level. This will depend on the content of specific questions. Thus, we have outlined the detailed CTET syllabus for Paper I below.

 

Child Development and Pedagogy:

Child Development in the Primary School Level:
  • Both Development and learning.
  • Principles of development of children.
  • Both heredity and environment.
  • Socialization processes in children. Both among peers and with elders.
  • Piaget, Kohlberg, in addition toVygotsky
  • Concepts of progressive education for children
  • Critical perspectives on the construct of Intelligence in children
  • Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
  • Both language and thought
  • Gender roles. How it is a social construct.
  • Differences among individual learners. Also, how to understand differences based on differences. For example, the diversity of language, gender, community, religion, etc.
  • The differences between assessment both for and of learning
  • Assessment: both perspective and practice
  • Inclusive education. Moreover, understanding children with diverse needs.
  • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds. For Example, the disadvantaged and deprived.
  • Addressing the needs of neuro-divergent children
  • Addressing the talented and creative. Also, addressing the differently-abled children
 
Learning and Pedagogy:
  • How do children think and learn? The hows and whys of children’s ‘failure’. Failure to achieve success in school performance.
  • Basic processes of teaching and learning
  • Children as problem solvers
  • Alternative concepts of learning in children. Understanding children’s mistakes as important steps in the learning process.
  • Cognition and emotions
  • Motivation and learning
  • Personal & environmental factors affecting learning

 

The Language I and Language II

  • Comprehension of Language.
  • Comprehension, Grammar, Verbal Ability.
  • Language Development Methods.
  • Methods of learning and acquisition.
  • Principles of teaching language.
  • Role of listening and speaking among children. That is, how they act as a learning tool.
  • The role of grammar when learning a language. Both in verbal and written forms.
  • Challenges of teaching language in a classroom with diverse needs
  • Language Skills
  • Language comprehension and skill. Speaking, listening, reading, writing
  • Teaching learning materials. For Example, textbooks and multi-media materials
  • Remedial Teaching

 

Mathematics

Basic Arithmetic Problems:
  • Geometry, Shapes and Spatial Understanding
  • Number system
  • Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division
  • Measurement
  • Weight
  • Time
  • Volume
  • Data Handling
  • Money
  • Patterns
 
Pedagogical Issues:
  • Nature of both Mathematics and Logical thinking. Understanding the children’s thinking and reasoning patterns
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  • Language of Mathematics
  • Community Mathematics
  • Both formal and informal methods of evaluation
  • Both diagnostic and remedial Teaching

 

Environmental Science:

Basic Issues in Life Science:
  • Family and Friends. Children’s relationships. Work and play. Animals and plants.
  • Food
  • Shelter
  • Water
  • Travel
  • Things we make and do
 
Pedagogical Issues:
  • Both concept and scope
  • Both significance and integrated EVS
  • Environmental Education
  • Learning Principles
  • Both Scope and Relation to Science and Social Science
  • Approaches of presenting concepts
  • Activities, experimentation, in addition to practical work
  • Discussion
  • Both Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation
  • Teaching material
  • Problems and issues

 

The CTET syllabus for Paper II will revolve around the concepts dealt with in NCERT textbooks of classes VI to VIII. But, the difficulty level may also be at par with the Senior Secondary Level. As it depends on the kind subject the question deals with. The CTET syllabus for Paper II is below.

 

Child Development and Pedagogy:

Child Development in the Primary School Level:
  • Development and learning
  • Principles of development of children
  • Heredity and environment
  • Socialization processes in children. Both among peers and with elders
  • Piaget, Kohlberg, in addition to Vygotsky
  • Concepts of progressive education for children
  • Critical perspectives on the construct of Intelligence in children
  • Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
  • Both language and thought
  • Gender as a social construct
  • Differences among individual learners. Also, how to understand differences. For instance, diversity of language, gender, community, religion, etc.
  • Difference between assessment both for and of learning
  • Assessment: perspective and practice
  • Inclusive education. Also, understanding children with diverse needs:
  • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds. For instance, the disadvantaged and deprived children
  • Addressing the needs of children with neuro-divergence
  • Addressing the talented and creative. Also, the differently-abled children
 
Learning and Pedagogy:
  • How children both think and learn. The hows and whys children ‘fail’. That is failure to achieve success in school performance.
  • Basic processes of both teaching and learning
  • Children as problem solvers
  • Alternative concepts of learning in children. Also, understanding children’s mistakes as important step in the learning process.
  • Cognition and emotions
  • Both motivation and learning
  • Personal & environmental factors affecting learning
 
Language I and Language II
  • Comprehension of Language:
  • Comprehension, Grammar, in addition to Verbal Ability
  • Language Development Methods
  • Methods of both learning and acquisition
  • Principles of teaching language
  • Role of both listening and speaking among children. How they act as a learning tool
  • The role of grammar when learning a language both in verbal and written forms
  • Challenges of teaching language in a classroom with diverse needs
  • Language Skills
  • Language comprehension in addition to proficiency. Speaking, listening, reading as well as writing
  • Teaching learning materials. For example, textbooks and multi-media materials
  • Remedial Teaching

 

Mathematics and Science

Basic Arithmetic Problems:
  • Geometry, Symmetry, and Construction
  • Number system – Whole numbers, Negatives, Integers, as well as Fraction
  • Algebra, Ratio,as well as Proportion
  • Mensuration
  • Data Handling
 
Pedagogical Issues concerning Math:
  • Nature of both Mathematics and Logical thinking. Understanding both student’s thinking and reasoning patterns
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  • Language of Mathematics
  • Community Mathematics
  • Both formal and informal methods of evaluation
  • Both Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching
 
Basic Concepts in Science:
  • Food – Sources, Components, in addition to Cleaning
  • Materials of Daily Use
  • The living world
  • Movement
  • Electric current, circuits, and in addition to magnets
  • Both Natural Phenomena and Natural Resources
 
Pedagogical Issues concerning Science:
  • Both Nature and structure of sciences
  • Both Aims and Objectives of Natural Science
  • Understanding as well as Appreciation
  • Methods of Science: Observation, Experimentation, in addition to Discovery
  • Evaluation as well as Innovation
  • Textbooks as well as aids
  • Both Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching

 

Social Studies/Social Science:

History:
  • Early societies as well as states
  • First farmers as well as first herders
  • Both trade contacts and political Developments
  • Culture, Science, in addition to Architecture
  • Sultans of Delhi
  • Social Change
  • Regional Cultures as well as rural life
  • Company power as well as its effects
  • Both colonialism and its effects on Tribals
  • The Revolt of 1857
  • Women and reforms
  • Challenging Caste system
  • Nationalist Movement as well as minor protests
  • Both pre and post-Independence India
 
Geography:
  • Geography, both as a social study and social science
  • Earth in the Solar System. Additionally, the Globe
  • Environment, Air, in addition to Water
  • The settlement, transport, in addition to communication
  • Resources, both natural and human
  • Agriculture
 
Social and Political Life:
  • Diversity
  • Government. Both Local bodies and State Government
  • Democracy as well as the Constitution
  • Media
  • Gender
  • Parliamentary Government as well as the Judiciary
  • Lastly, the marginalized
 
Pedagogical Issues:
  • Both concept and scope
  • Classroom processes of both activities and discourse
  • Critical Thinking
  • Both Inquiry and Empirical evidence
  • Sources, both Primary and Secondary
  • Approaches of presenting concepts
  • Both projects and practical work
  • Evaluation
  • Lastly, the problems and issues of teaching Social Studies and Social Science

 

CTET Books: Recommended

Candidates appearing for the CTET certainly have to study a myriad of subjects. But if you have held on to your school books, be it NCERT or CBSE, you should be fine. And if you are looking for more resources, look no further. In order to make it easier for you, we have arranged a comprehensive list of the best books. These books are both papers I and II and for each subject in the CTET exam structure.

 

Subject Best Books
Child Development and Pedagogy o   Pearson’s Child Development and Pedagogy

o   Prateek Shivalik’s Pedagogy and Child Development

Language: English o   Pearson’s Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension

o   Arihant’s English Grammar and Composition

Mathematics o   R. K. Agarwal’s Mathematics and Pedagogy
Environmental Science o   S. Chand’s Textbook of Environmental Studies
Science o   Om Prakash’s Science and Pedagogy

o   Arihant Expert’s Science and Pedagogy

Social Studies/Social Science o   Arihant Pearson’s Social Sciences

o   K. Reddy’s World History

o   M. Husain’s Indian and World Geography

o   Pearson’s Indian Polity

 

CTET Preparation Tips

Like any competitive exam, the CTET certainly induces stress for its candidates. But as long as you prepare with discipline and drive, cracking the CTET should get easier for you. Thus, a few helpful preparation tips are as follows:

Firstly, attempt previous years’ CTET questions for both papers I and II. Or take any number of Mock tests.

Certainly, the best resource to get hold of is the previous years’ CTET question papers. Also, both online or offline mock tests remain excellent resources. Some of the books offering previous year’s CTET questions for both papers I and II are:

  • Arihant’s CTET and TET Previous Years’ Papers (Classes I to V)
  • Arihant’s CTET 15 Practice Sets
  • Disha Expert’s 12 Year-Wise CTET Paper 1 Solved Papers
 
Secondly, track your habits.

Maintaining a habit tracker will surely help you to study more efficiently. But it will also drive you to stick to your schedule.

 
Thirdly, revise and evaluate.

After you have familiarized yourself with the concepts in CTET syllabus, make sure to certainly go through various rounds of revision. Moreover, the revision will make you realize how much more you’ll have to study and which subjects you have mastered. Therefore, based on the observations, you can amend your study schedule.

Fourthly, learn time management.

The CTET allots only 150 minutes to a set of 150 questions in both Papers I and II. Thus, a candidate will often have to think on their feet. Moreover, they will have to solve as many questions as they can in under a minute. So, make sure to have ample time to go over confusing questions and to look for wrong answers

 

CTET Exam Dates, Fees, Eligibility & Notification

 

Then, attempt every question.

Candidates should certainly see to it that they attempt every question. Even if they are unsure about the answer. Because there is no negative marking in CTET.  Thus, make an educated guess by the method of eliminating unlikelier options. Then, a candidate will have a better chance at choosing the correct answer.

Finally, always remain hopeful.

Lastly, it is important that a candidate remains hopeful both before and during the Central Teacher Eligibility Test. Because qualifying the CTET needs immense patience. So does mastering the entire CTET syllabus. Also, they must have enough discipline. Moreover, if a candidate has both, all the better.

 

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

Q1. How many papers are there in the CTET?

A. The CTET exam consists of two papers:

  • Firstly, Paper I is for candidates who wish to teach classes I to V. Thus, Primary Level
  • Secondly, Paper II is for candidates who wish to teach classes VI to VIII. Thus, Elementary Level

Alternatively, some candidates may wish to qualify as a teacher for both Primary Level and Elementary Level. In this case, they will have to take both papers. The CTET syllabus is different for both papers.

Q2. Should I select another language for Language II?

A. A CTET candidate must choose a different language other than the one in Language I. For instance, if your Language I is English, the other should be something else like Hindi. The Admit card mention both Language I and Language II.

Q3. Are NCERT books enough to prepare for the both CTET papers I and II?

A. The NCERT books certainly have some of the concepts well-dispersed according to the CTET Notification. But, a candidate may need to refer to other books to prepare for the more difficult concepts.

Q4. What is the duration of the CTET Paper I as well as Paper II?

A. The duration of both Papers I and II are 150 minutes or 2.5 hours.

Q5. What are the question types for Child Development and Pedagogy for both papers I and II?

A. Firstly, the questions on Child Development and Pedagogy will focus on the educational psychology of teaching and learning. Moreover, the test items will be relevant to the age group of 6-11 years for Paper I. Similarly, it is the age group of 11-14 years for Paper II. Further, the questions will focus on the characteristics and needs of diverse learners. Also, it will cover questions on interaction with learners and the attributes and qualities of a good teacher.

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