CTET Exam

CTET Syllabus: Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips

January 19, 2023

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

CTET Syllabus 2022- Highlights

The Central Board of Secondary Education holds the CTET in the MCQ format. Each question is followed by four options. In this article, we will cover both the CTET paper 1 and CTET paper 2 syllabus. Moreover, each correct answer carries one mark. However, candidates don’t have to worry even if they give the wrong answer because there is no negative marking in CTET.CBSE has released the CTET 2022 syllabus on its official website.

There will be two papers on CTET.
(i) Paper I will be for a person who intends to be a teacher for classes I to V.
(ii) Paper II will be for a person who intends to be a teacher for classes VI to VIII.

The right preparation plan is essential for getting high marks on the CTET Exam. The first step in starting the preparation is having current knowledge of the CTET 2022 syllabus. CBSE has released a mock test along with practice test centers to make the candidates familiar with the new pattern of examination.

CTET Syllabus 2022- Highlights
Name of ExaminationCTET 2022 Exam
Duration of Exam2.5 hours (for each paper)
Language of Exam20 languages
Exam DateDecember 2022
Maximum Marks150 marks (for each paper)
Type of QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions
Mode of ExamOnline
Marks for a correct answer1 mark for each correct answer
Negative MarkingNo negative marking for wrong answers

CTET Syllabus: An OverVIEW

The Central Teacher Eligibility Test has provided the CTET 2022 Syllabus in its notification. You can find the same on CTET notification. The CTET exam consists of two papers in its structure:

  • Paper I for candidates who wish to teach classes I to V. Thus, it is of the Primary Level
  • Paper II for candidates who wish to teach classes VI to VIII. Thus, it is of the Elementary Level

Many candidates wish to qualify as a teacher for both Primary Level and Elementary Level. Thus, they will have to take both papers. CTET Paper 1 syllabus will be based on the prescribed syllabus of NCERT for classes 1 to 5 and for CTET Paper 2 syllabus will be based on the prescribed syllabus of NCERT for classes 6 to 8, but the difficulty level and Standard of the questions for both the papers could be up to the secondary stage.

CTET PaperTotal MarksDuration
Paper I150150 minutes or two & a half hours
Paper-II150150 minutes or two & a half hours

For CTET Paper I, the Exam Structure is as follows:

TopicNumber of Questions (out of 150)Marks Carried
Child Development and Pedagogy3030
Language I3030
Language II3030
Mathematics3030
Environmental Science3030

Candidates can further divide the question pattern of the exam structure in the following ways:

Child Development and Pedagogy (30 Questions)

  • Child Development in the Primary School Level: 15 Questions
  • Inclusive education and understanding children with diverse needs: 5 Questions
  • Learning and Pedagogy: 10 Questions

Language I (30 Questions)

  • Comprehension of Language: 15 Questions
  • Language Development Methods: 15 Questions

Language II (30 Questions)

  • Comprehension of Language: 15 Questions
  • Language Development Methods: 15 Questions

Mathematics (30 Questions)

  • Basic Arithmetic Problems: 15 Questions
  • Pedagogical Issues: 15 Questions

Environmental Science (30 Questions)

  • Basic Issues in Life Science: 15 Questions
  • Pedagogical Issues: 15 Questions

For CTET Paper II, the Exam Structure is as follows:

TopicNumber of Questions (out of 150)Marks Carried
Child Development and Pedagogy3030
Language I3030
Language II3030
Mathematics and Science Or Social Studies/Social Science6060

Candidates can divide the question pattern of the exam structure in the following ways:

Child Development and Pedagogy (30 Questions)

  • Child Development at the Elementary School Level: 15 Questions
  • Inclusive education and understanding children with diverse needs: 5 Questions
  • Learning and Pedagogy: 10 Questions

Language I (30 Questions)

  • Comprehension of Language: 15 Questions
  • Language Development Methods: 15 Questions

Language II (30 Questions)

  • Comprehension of Language: 15 Questions
  • Language Development Methods: 15 Questions

Mathematics and Science (60 Questions)

  • Basic Arithmetic Problems: 20 Questions
  • Pedagogical Issues in Math: 10 Questions
  • Basic Content in Science: 20 Questions
  • Pedagogical Issues in Science: 10 Questions

Social Studies/Social Science (60 Questions)

  • Basic Content tackled in Social Studies/Social Science: 40 Questions
  • Pedagogical Issues in Social Studies/Social Science: 20 Questions

In Central Teacher Eligibility Test, the Language II subject is mandatory in both Papers I and II. The language chosen in Language II must be different than the one tackled in Language I. Consequently, the Central Board of Secondary Education allows the following languages as options in Language II.

EnglishGujaratiMarathiSanskrit
HindiKannadaMizoTamil
AssameseKhasiNepaliTelegu
BengaliMalayalamOriyaTibetan
GaroManipuriPunjabiUrdu

Nature and standard of questions

  • The test questions for the Child Development and Pedagogy section will concentrate on the educational psychology of teaching and learning that is pertinent to children between the ages of 6 and 11.
  • The Test items in Language I will focus on the proficiencies related to the medium of instruction.
  • The Language II test items will emphasize language, communication, and comprehension skills.
  • The test questions for mathematics and environmental studies will concentrate on the concepts, problem-solving skills, pedagogical understanding, and practical applications of the respective fields.

CTET Syllabus 2022: In depth

There are two sets of CTET syllabus 2022 for Paper I and II. Some candidates may wish to qualify as a teacher for both Primary Level and Elementary Level. Thus, they will have to prepare for both papers.

Firstly, the CTET 2022 syllabus for Paper I will revolve around the concepts dealt with in NCERT textbooks of classes I to V. However, the difficulty level may also be at par with the Secondary Level. This will depend on the content of specific questions. Thus, we have outlined the detailed CTET syllabus for Paper I below:

Child Development and Pedagogy

Child Development in the Primary School Level:

  • Concept of development and its relationship with learning.
  • Principles of development of children.
  • Influence of heredity and environment.
  • Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, and Peers)
  • Piaget, Kohlberg, and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
  • Concepts of child-centered and progressive education 
  • Critical perspectives on the construct of Intelligence in children
  • Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
  • Language and thought
  • Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice. 
  • Individual Differences among learners, understand differences. The diversity of language, gender, community, religion, caste, etc.
  • The distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning
  • School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
  • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.
  • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds with disadvantaged and deprived.
  • Addressing the needs children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc.
  • Addressing the talented and creative, Specially abled Learners.

Learning and Pedagogy

  • How do children think and learn? ; The how and why children’s ‘fail’. To achieve success in school performance.
  • Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning
  • Children as problem solvers and a ‘scientific investigator’
  • Alternative concepts of learning in children. Understanding children’s mistakes as important steps in the learning process.
  • Cognition and emotions
  • Motivation and learning
  • Personal & environmental factors affecting learning

The Language I and Language II

  • Reading unseen passages – two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)
  • Methods of learning and acquisition.
  • Principles of teaching language.
  • Role of listening and speaking among children. Function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • The role of grammar when learning a language. Both in verbal and written forms.
  • Challenges of teaching language in a classroom with diverse needs, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Language comprehension and skill. Speaking, listening, reading, writing
  • Teaching learning materials. For Example, textbooks and multi-media materials
  • Remedial Teaching

Mathematics

Basic Arithmetic Problems

  • Geometry, Shapes and Spatial Understanding
  • Solids around us
  • Number system
  • Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division
  • Measurement
  • Weight
  • Time
  • Volume
  • Data Handling
  • Money
  • Patterns

Pedagogical Issues

  • Nature of both Mathematics and Logical thinking. Understanding the children’s thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning and learning
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  • Language of Mathematics
  • Community Mathematics
  • Both formal and informal methods of evaluation
  • Both diagnostic and remedial Teaching
  • Problems of Teaching
  • Error analysis and related aspects of learning and teaching

Environmental Science

Basic Issues in Life Science

  • Family and Friends: Children’s relationships. Work and play. Animals and plants.
  • Food
  • Shelter
  • Water
  • Travel
  • Things we make and do

Pedagogical Issues

  • Concept and scope of EVS
  • Significance and integrated of EVS
  • Environmental Studies & Education
  • Learning Principles
  • Scope and Relation to Science and Social Science
  • Approaches of presenting concepts
  • Activities, experimentation, in addition to practical work
  • Discussion
  • Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation
  • Teaching material /Aids
  • Problems and issues

The CTET syllabus for Paper II will revolve around the concepts dealt with in NCERT textbooks of classes VI to VIII. But, the difficulty level may also be at par with the Senior Secondary Level. As it depends on the kind subject the question deals with. The CTET syllabus for Paper II is below:

Child Development and Pedagogy

Child Development in the Primary School Level

  • Concept of development and its relationship with learning
  • Principles of development of children
  • Influence of heredity and environment
  • Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
  • Piaget, Kohlberg, and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
  • Concepts of progressive education for children
  • Critical perspectives on the construct of Intelligence in Children
  • Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
  •  Language and thought
  • Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice
  • Individual Differences among learners, understand differences based on the diversity of language, gender, community, religion, caste, etc.
  • The distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning
  • School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
  • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.
  • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds, including disadvantaged and deprived children
  • Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’
  • Addressing the talented and creative, Specially abled Learners

Learning and Pedagogy

  • How children both think and learn. The how and why children’s ‘fail’. To achieve success in school performance.
  • Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
  • Children as problem solvers and a ‘scientific investigator’
  • Alternative concepts of learning in children. Understanding children’s mistakes as important step in the learning process.
  • Cognition and emotions
  • Motivation and learning
  • Personal & environmental factors affecting learning

Language I and Language II

  • Reading unseen passages – two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)
  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of teaching language
  • Role of listening and speaking among children. Function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • The role of grammar when learning a language both in verbal and written forms
  • Challenges of teaching language in a classroom with diverse needs; language difficulties, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Language comprehension in addition to proficiency. Speaking, listening, reading as well as writing
  • Teaching learning materials. For example, textbooks and multi-media materials
  • Remedial Teaching

Mathematics and Science

Basic Arithmetic Problems:

  • Geometry, Symmetry (reflection), and Construction (using Straight edge Scale, protractor, compasses)
  • Basic geometrical ideas (2-D)
  • Understanding Elementary Shapes (2-D and 3-D)
  • Number system – Whole numbers, Negatives, Integers, as well as Fraction
  • Knowing our Numbers
  • Playing with Numbers
  • Algebra, Ratio and Proportion
  • Mensuration
  • Data Handling

Pedagogical Issues concerning Math

  • Nature of both Mathematics and Logical thinking. 
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  • Language of Mathematics
  • Community Mathematics
  • Evaluation
  • Remedial Teaching
  • Problem of Teaching

Basic Concepts in Science

  • Food – Sources, Components, and Cleaning
  • Materials
  • Materials of Daily Use
  • The living world
  • Moving Things People and Ideas
  • How things work
  • Electric current, circuits, and magnets
  • Natural Phenomena and Natural Resources

Pedagogical Issues concerning Science

  • Nature and structure of sciences
  • Aims and Objectives of Natural Science
  • Understanding as well as Appreciation Science
  • Approaches/Integrated Approach
  • Methods of Science: Observation, Experimentation, Discovery
  • Evaluation- cognitive/psychomotor/affective and Innovation
  • Textbooks and aids
  • Problems
  • Remedial Teaching

Social Studies/Social Science

History

  • When, Where and How
  • Early societies as well as states
  • First farmers and herders
  • New Ideas
  • The First Empire
  • Contacts with Distant lands
  • Political Developments
  • Culture, Science, in addition to Architecture
  • New Kings and Kingdoms
  • Sultans of Delhi
  • Social Change
  • Creation of an Empire
  • Regional Cultures as well as rural life and society
  • Company power as well as its effects
  • Colonialism and its effects on Tribal Societies
  • The Revolt of 1857-58
  • Women and reforms
  • Challenging Caste system
  • Nationalist Movement
  • Both pre and post-Independence India

Geography

  • Geography, both as a social study and social science
  • Planet: Earth in the solar system
  • Globe
  • Environment in its totality: natural and human environment
  • Air
  • Water
  • Human Environment: settlement, transport, and communication
  • The settlement, transport, in addition to communication
  • Resources, both natural and human
  • Agriculture

Social and Political Life

  • Diversity
  • Government. Both Local bodies and State Government
  • Making a Living
  • Democracy as well as the Constitution
  • Media
  • Unpacking Gender
  • Parliamentary Government as well as the Judiciary
  • Social Justice and the Marginalized

Pedagogical Issues

  • Concept and Nature of Social Science/Social Studies
  • Classroom processes of both activities and discourse
  • Critical Thinking
  • Inquiry and Empirical evidence
  • Problems of teaching Social Science/Social Studies
  • Sources- Primary & Secondary
  • Projects and practical work
  • Evaluation

How to Download the CTET Syllabus 2022

  • Visit the CUCET website.
  • Click on CUCET 2022 Notification.
  • Continue on to the section on the syllabus after that.
  • Move on to the section that mentions the CUET 2022 Syllabus.
  • To prepare for the exam, review the syllabus and exam pattern.
  • You can download the CUET 2022 Syllabus pdf in this way.

Recommended CTET Books: Preparation for CTET Syllabus 2022

Candidates appearing for the CTET certainly have to study a myriad of subjects. In order to make it easier for aspirants, we have arranged a comprehensive list of the best books. These books are both papers I and II and for each subject in the CTET exam structure.

SubjectBest Books
Child Development and Pedagogyo   Pearson’s Child Development and Pedagogy o   Prateek Shivalik’s Pedagogy and Child Development
Language: Englisho   Pearson’s Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension o   Arihant’s English Grammar and Composition
Mathematicso   R. K. Agarwal’s Mathematics and Pedagogy
Environmental Scienceo   S. Chand’s Textbook of Environmental Studies
Scienceo   Om Prakash’s Science and Pedagogy o   Arihant Expert’s Science and Pedagogy
Social Studies/Social Scienceo   Arihant Pearson’s Social Sciences o   K. Reddy’s World History o   M. Husain’s Indian and World Geography o   Pearson’s Indian Polity

CTET Preparation Tips

Like any competitive exam, the CTET certainly induces stress for its candidates. But as long as you prepare with discipline and drive, cracking the CTET should get easier for you. Thus, a few helpful preparation tips are as follows:

Attempt previous years’ papers for both papers I and II

Candidates will get benefit from mock exams in a number of ways. It aids in the formation of the ideal plan. Examine the questions from last year’s test and complete some practice exams to help you maintain accuracy and speed. Some of the books offering previous year’s CTET questions for both papers I and II are:

  • Arihant’s CTET and TET Previous Years’ Papers (Classes I to V)
  • Arihant’s CTET 15 Practice Sets
  • Disha Expert’s 12 Year-Wise CTET Paper 1 Solved Papers

Track Your Habits

Maintaining a habit tracker will surely help you to study more efficiently. But it will also drive you to stick to your schedule. Speed and accuracy are very important in any competitive exam. You must keep both up because if either is neglected, trouble may result.

Revise and Evaluate

After you have familiarized yourself with the concepts in CTET syllabus, make sure to certainly go through various rounds of revision. Moreover, the revision will make you realize how much more you’ll have to study and which subjects you have mastered. Therefore, based on the observations, you can amend your study schedule.

Learn Time Management

The CTET allots only 150 minutes to a set of 150 questions in both Papers I and II. Recognize your weakest area and concentrate more on it. Set a time limit for any subject you are studying. Allocate time for other topics as well. To balance the time on the main exam, manage your time according to the time required and less time-consuming questions.

Attempt Every Question

Candidates should certainly see to it that they attempt every question. Even if they are unsure about the answer. Because there is no negative marking in CTET.  Thus, make an educated guess by the method of eliminating unlikelier options. Then, a candidate will have a better chance at choosing the correct answer.

Always Remain Hopeful

Lastly, it is important that a candidate remains hopeful both before and during the Central Teacher Eligibility Test. Because qualifying the CTET needs immense patience. So does mastering the entire CTET syllabus. Also, they must have enough discipline. Moreover, if a candidate has both, all the better.

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FAQs

Q.1 What are the subjects in CTET?

Ans. CTET Paper 1, comprises five subjects – Child Development and Pedagogy, Language-I, Language-II, Mathematics, and Environmental Studies. CTET Paper 2 syllabus includes four subjects – Child Development and Pedagogy, Language-I, Language II, and Mathematics & Science or Social Studies/Social Sciences (optional). The CTET syllabus for Paper 1 and Paper 2 is not the same. CTET Syllabus for Paper 1 includes questions from classes 1st to 5th whereas for CTET Paper 2 Syllabus includes questions from the 6th to 8th class.

Q.2 Is Maths compulsory for CTET Paper 2 syllabus?

Ans. Yes. Mathematics is a compulsory subject in both CTET Paper I and Paper-II. In Mathematics, questions are based on the concepts, problem-solving abilities, and pedagogical understanding of these subjects. Questions are asked from all the sections as given in these subjects for classes I – VIII by the NCERT. In Paper-II, the last section (Mathematics and Science or Social Studies/Social Science) carries a maximum weightage of 60 marks.

Q.3 What is the passing marks of CTET?

Ans. The qualifying score is 90 for the general/EWS category and 82.5 for the OBC/SC/ST category. After the announcement of the CTET Results, the cut-off is made public. 60% or higher is the cut-off for the CTET. Candidates will be given consideration for the issuance of the eligibility certificate if their scores are greater than or equal to the cut-off.  It is compulsory to have a diploma or degree in teacher education in order to be eligible for CTET.

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