The CDS Exam’s full form is the Combined Defence Service Exams. This CDS Exams get organized twice a year by the UPSC. CDS Exams is for enrolment in the post of Indian Naval, Air Force and Army officers. The CDS Exams usually occur in February and November.
CDS Exams is a national-level defense entrance examination. Millions of Indian people take part in CDS Exams and become defense officers.
The selection of the applicants will be on the basis of a theoretical exam. After that, an interview for the intelligence and personality will get taken. The written exams are CDS Exams 1 and CDS Exams 2. Interviews got done by the SSB.
The CDS Exams 1 2021 written exam has occurred on 7th February 2021 in offline mode. The result has already got declared on 23rd March 2021. The CDS Exams 2 2021 exam will be taking place on 14th November 2021.
|Name||Combined Defence Service Exam|
|Organized by||Union Public Service Commission|
|Chief of Defense Staff||General Bipin Rawat|
|Occurrence||Twice a year|
|Mode of Exam||Offline|
|Recruitment process||Written examinations and SSB interviews|
|Language of Question Paper||English and Hindi|
|Application Fee||INR 200/-|
|Exam motive||Enrolment of Indian Naval, Air Force and Army officers|
|Vacancies||CDS Exams 1: 345CDS Exams 2: 344|
|No of the exam centers||41|
The UPSC publishes the notification on their official website in October and August. There are around 400 vacancies every time. The applicants should keep in mind that the number of openings is temporary. It can get altered at any stage by the SSB.
The CDS 2 2021 notification got released recently on 4th August 2021.
Applicants can download the CDS notification from the official website. It is preferable to go through this official notification . The applicant will understand the exam process before sitting for the exam.
|CDS 1 2021 Events||Important Dates|
|Notification and starting of the application process||28th October 2020|
|Last date for the application process||17th November 2020 (6 pm)|
|Application withdrawal||24th November – 30th November 2020 (6 pm)|
|CDS 2 2021 Events||Important Dates|
|Notification and starting of the application process||4th August 2021|
|Last date for the application process||24th August 2021 (6 pm)|
|Application withdrawal||31st August – 6th September 2021 (6 pm)|
The application form of CDS get released on the official website. CDS application form consists of 2 parts. One part is that the applicants need to create their ID registration. The second part is that the applicants need to submit their application fees online.
|CDS Exam Events||Important Dates for CDS 1 Exam||Important Dates for CDS 2 Exam|
|Admit Card||7th January 2021||3weeks before the CDS exams|
|Exam date||7th February 2021||14th November 2021|
|Result date||23rd March 2021||December 2021|
|SSB interview||Will get informed||Will get informed|
|Subject Papers||Exam time table|
|English language||9 am – 11 am|
|General Knowledge||12 pm – 2 pm|
|Elementary Mathematics||3 pm – 5 pm|
The fee for the application form for the General Category students is INR 200/-
The reserved category applicants are not required to pay the application fees.
Both online and offline mode of transaction is available for the students. The student can complete the process using Credit Card or Debit Card or Net Banking. The applicant can also deposit cash to any SBI bank branch.
|Category||CDS Application fee|
The educational qualifications differ for various positions.
The lowest age limit for the CDS Exams is 19 years.
The age limit also has an essential role in the CDS examination.
|Designations||Age limits||Born within|
|IMA||19 – 24||2nd July 1998 – 1st July 2003|
|INA||19 – 24||2nd July 1998 – 1st July 2003|
|AFA||20 – 24||2nd July 1998 – 1st July 2002|
|OTA (men and women)||19 – 25||2nd July 1997 – 1st July 2003|
Gender and Marital Status are also very much necessary.
|OTA||Male||Married / Unmarried|
The applicants whose age is less than 25 years old should remain unmarried. Marriage is not allowed during the training session. Married individuals above 25 years of age get permission to apply.
During the training session, they cannot have any married living quarters. They also cannot live with their family out of the property.
The UPSC has published the CDS vacancy details along with the official notification.
The applicants can read the CDS vacancy details. It will help them to understand the hiring process.
Below are the details for CDS 1 Vacancy and CDS 2 Vacancy according to the designations.
For CDS 1 2021 Vacancies
|Designations||Course||NCC Vacancies||Total Vacancies|
|IMA, Dehradun||152nd DE course starting from January 2022||13||100|
|INA, Ezhimala||Executive Branch (General Service) / Hydro course beginning from January 2022||6||26|
|AFA, Hyderabad||Training Course (Pre–flying) starting from January 2022||3||32|
|OTA, Chennai||115th SSC (Non-Technical) Course for Men beginning from April 2022||Nil||170|
|OTA, Chennai||29th SSC (Non-Technical) Course for Women initiating from April 2022||Nil||17|
For CDS 2 2021 Vacancies
|Designations||Course||NCC Vacancies||Total Vacancies|
|IMA, Dehradun||153rd DE course starting from July 2022||13||100|
|INA, Ezhimala||Executive Branch (General Service) / Hydro course beginning from July 2022||3||22|
|AFA, Hyderabad||Training Course (Pre–flying) starting from July 2022||3||32|
|OTA, Chennai||116th SSC (Non-Technical) Course for Men beginning from October 2022||Nil||169|
|OTA, Chennai||30th SSC (Non-Technical) Course for Women starting from October 2022||Nil||16|
After getting appointed, a Lieutenant will get INR 56,100 – 1,77,500/- per month. Throughout the training session, other applicants get a fixed salary of INR 56,100/- per month. From Lieutenant to Brigadier, one gets a proper military service salary of INR 15,500/- each month. The applicants can get an idea about the CDS salary structure from the table below.
|Lieutenant||Level 10||INR 56,100 – 1,77,500||Promotion after the training gets completed|
|Captain||Level 10 B||INR 61,300 – 1,93,900||After two years of service|
|Major||Level 11||INR 69,400 – 2,07,200||After six years of service|
|Lieutenant Colonel||Level 12 A||INR 1,21,200 – 2,12,400||After thirteen years of service|
|Colonel||Level 13||INR 1,30,600 – 2,15,900||After fifteen years of service|
|Brigadier||Level 13 A||INR 1,39,600 – 2,17,600||After twenty-three years of service|
|Major General||Level 14||INR 1,44,200 – 2,18,200||After twenty-five years of service|
|Lieutenant General||Level 15||INR 1,82,200 – 2,24,100||After twenty-eight years of service|
|HAG + Scale||Level 16||INR 2,05,400 – 2,24,400||After twenty-six years of service|
|VCOAS/ Lieutenant General / Army Cdr||Level 17||INR 2,25,000 (allotted)||No limitations|
|COAS||Level 18||INR 2,25,000 (allotted)||No limitations|
Applicants can download the previous year’s papers for better knowledge. The CDS Exams get organized based on the questions from three sections. Those are General Knowledge, Elementary Math, and English Language. All the appeared applicants can later see their results on the official website of UPSC. Some candidates get selected for SSB interviews. These successful applicants are then designated into the particular post by the SSB. A total of 6,552 applicants gets shortlisted for SSB interviews. The question paper gets divided into three sections. They are General Knowledge, Mathematics, and the English language. The applicants should be well aware of the subjects as well as the topics for the examination.
|General Knowledge||– Current events of 4-5 months from the examination date.- History- Physical Science- Biological Science- Geography- Political Science|
|English language||– Basic Grammar- Synonyms- Antonyms- Comprehension Solving- Error Spotting- Para Jumbles|
|Elementary Mathematics||– Natural numbers- Integers- Percentages- Rational and Real numbers- Time and work- Time and distance- Profit and loss- Ratio and proportion- Prime and composite numbers- Simple and compound interest- HCF and LCM- Euclidean algorithm- Geometry- Logarithms- Trigonometry- Statistics- Mensuration|
The CDS 2021 examination pattern gets classified into two parts.
The examination pattern for OTA is different from IMA, INA, and AFA. CDS examination pattern for IMA, INA, and AFA IMA, INA, and AFA has three subjects. The total marks of the subjects are 300.
|Subject Papers||Marks||Time scale|
|General Knowledge||100||2 hours|
|Elementary Mathematics||100||2 hours|
CDS examination pattern for OTA
OTA has two subjects. The total marks of the subjects are 200.
The total time scale is 4 hours.
|Subject Papers||Marks||Time scale|
The CDS admit card got released on the official website of UPSC. The admit card always gets released three weeks before the examination. The applicants have to visit the https://upsconline.nic.in/ site. Next, The applicant should log in to their account with their Roll No and Registration No.
Then the applicant gets advised to go through the admit card. The applicant has to check that the information is correct or not. After that, the applicant can download the admit card. They had to bring it to the exam center. Or else, the applicant would not get permitted to appear for the examination.
If the applicants find any difficulty in the Admit Card, then they will not get permission to sit in the exam.
The CDS Exams Result gets declared on the official website in two stages. Firstly, Theoretical exam and Lastly, Final selection. The committee first publishes the result of the theoretical examination. Then they publish the final result. The result shows the roll numbers and names of candidates in PDF format. These candidates are then interviewed by the SSB.
The applicants who sat for the examination get qualified to see the result.
Cut-off is the least score needed to appear in these examinations. The CDS Exams Cut-off score gets released after the CDS Exams Result.
|Academics||Theoretical examination||Final examination|
|IMA||120 – 130||245 – 255|
|INA||105 – 120||233 – 245|
|AFA||145 – 150||268 – 270|
|OTA (Men)||73 – 85||162 – 170|
|OTA (Women)||74 – 85||164 – 170|
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The CDS selection procedure gets divided into two processes.
Firstly, The Theoretical Exam and Lastly, The SSB Interview.
No. CDS-I and CDS-II are similar examinations that get organized every year. Hence, the applicant has to get eligible once to get considered for hiring.
Yes. There is a physical examination as well as medical examination in CDS.
No. The CDS 2 2021 Admit Card will get published on the official website of UPSC. It will be three weeks before the CDS 2 examination.
CDS 2 2021 notification got published on 4th August by UPSC.
The theoretical examination of CDS gets carried out offline.
Besides, the exam paper consists of three categories. They are English, Elementary Mathematics, and GK.
The total exam score is 300. Also, the examination pattern is distinguishing for different courses.
CDS examination will get carried out in three shifts. Firstly, the English paper will be from 9.00 am to 11.00 am. Secondly, GK will be from 12.00 pm to 2.00 pm. Lastly, Elementary Mathematics will be from 3.00 pm to 5.00 pm.
Yes. UPSC releases the CDS Exams answer key after the examination ends.
The educational qualification needed is Graduation.
Girls can get registered for OTA.