The NDA exam is conducted by UPSC for admission of candidates in the defence forces of India including the Army, Air Force, and Navy. It is a national-level defence examination that is conducted two times a year by UPSC. The first part of the exam is NDA 1 where the candidates have to qualify for a written test. The second part of the exam is NDA 2 where candidates have to qualify for a personality test and interview conducted by SSB (Service Selection Board).
Read more about other government exams in India.
Read more about the official notification for UPSC NDA exam
The Supreme Court of India passed an interim order to allow women to join the NDA (National Defence Academy & Naval Academy). Women can now sit for the NDA 2 exam 2022 that will be held on the 4 September 2022.
|Air Force||Flying – 92||2|
|Ground Duties (Tech) – 18||2|
|Ground Duties (Non-Tech) – 10||2|
|Naval||30 (male candidates only)||–|
|NDA 1 Notification 2022||Dates|
|Release of Notification||22 December 2021|
|Release of Application Form||22 December 2021|
|End date to apply||11 January 2022|
|Written Exam||10 April 2022|
|NDA 2 Notification 2022||Dates|
|Release of Notification||18 May 2022|
|Application Form||18 May 2022|
|End date to apply||07 June 2022|
|Written Exam||04 Sept2022|
|Exam Name||NDA 2022|
|NDA Full Form||National Defence Academy|
|Conducting Body||UPSC (Union Public Service Commission)|
|Defence Forces||Army, Air Force, and Navy|
|Frequency of Exam||Twice a year|
|Minimum Qualification||12th Pass|
|Selection Process||NDA Written Test exam & SSB Interview|
|Number of applicants||5-6 lakhs|
|Exam Centers||41 Cities across India|
|Events||NDA 1 2022||NDA 2 2022|
|Official Notification||22 December 2021||18 May 2022|
|Starting of NDA Application form||22December 2021||18 May 2022|
|End Date to Apply for NDA Exam||11 January 2022||07 June 2022|
|Starting of NDA Application Withdrawal||18 January 2022||14 June 2022|
|End Date of NDA Application Withdrawal||24 January 2022||20th June 2022|
|NDA Admit card||15 March 2022||August 2022|
|NDA Written Test||10 April 2022||04 September 2022|
|Declaration of NDA Written Result||10 May 2022||October 2022|
|SSB Interview||July to Sept 2022||Yet to Be Known|
Read more about NDA Exam Important Dates
Before applying for the NDA Exam, interested candidates should examine the qualifying requirements. The eligibility conditions are an important aspect of the NDA exam; otherwise, the candidate’s application will be rejected. The NDA Eligibility Criteria are described in-depth below.
To be eligible for the NDA exam, candidates must be one of the following:
|Age (yrs)||Minimum weight for all ages||Age: 17 to|
|Age: 20 +01|
|Age :30 + 01|
Day- 40 yrs
|Age: Above 40 yrs|
|Height (cm)||Weight (Kg)||Weight (Kg)||Weight (Kg)||Weight (Kg)||Weight (Kg)|
|Age (yrs)||Minimum weight for all ages||Age: 17 to|
|Age: 20 +01|
|Age :30 + 01|
Day- 40 yrs
|Age: Above 40 yrs|
|Height (cm)||Weight (Kg)||Weight (Kg)||Weight (Kg)||Weight (Kg)||Weight (Kg)|
|Category||Min Height for Male|
|Tribals from Ladakh||155 cm|
|Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, and Minicoy Islands||155 cm|
|Gorkhas, Nepali, Assamese, Garhwali, Kumaoni, and Uttarakhand||152 cm|
|Bhutan, Sikkim & North East Region||152 cm|
|Category||Min Height for Female|
|Tribals from Ladakh||150 cm|
|Andaman & Nicobar, Lakshadweep, and Minicoy Islands||150 cm|
|Gorkhas, Nepali, Assamese, Garhwali, Kumaoni, and Uttarakhand||147 cm|
|Bhutan, Sikkim & North East Region||147 cm|
The total number of vacancies to be filled through the NDA 2 exam has been released in conjunction with the official notification of the UPSC NDA 2022 exam on 18 May 2022. According to the NDA 2 2022 Notification, a total of 400 vacancies will be filled for the National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy (NA), with 370 going to the NDA and the remaining 30 going to the NA. The number of openings for female candidates has remained at 19. The table below shows the split of the vacancies announced for the year 2022:
|Course||Number of Vacancies|
|145th National Defence Academy (Indian Army)||208 (including 10 for female candidates)|
|145th National Defence Academy (Indian Navy)||42 (including 03 for female candidates)|
|145th National Defence Academy (Indian Air Force)||120|
|107th Indian Naval Academy Course||30(for male candidates only)|
The competition is very high with 4, 00,000 students applying once a year, vacancies being about 400-450. Though on a mean 5000-6000 qualified written exam, eventually only as several as are needed per the vacancies get elite. The unpunctual preparation for Tier-1, take look at it. To qualify, you need to begin by making ready physically and intellectually for Tier-2 conjointly.
Given below is the NDA application fee structure for online applications. The candidate needs to pay the fee online.
|General Category / OBC Candidates||Rs.100|
|SC/ST candidates/Sons of JCOs (Junior Commissioned Officer) /NCOs (Non-Commissioned Officers) /ORs (Other Ranks of Army) and equivalent ranks in the Indian Navy/Indian Air Force||Exempted|
Candidates must be aware of the detailed NDA Eligibility before filling out the NDA 2 Application Form, and only those who meet the required eligibility criteria can submit their NDA Online Form before 07th June 2022 (till 6 pm).
The following are the procedures for filling out the NDA Application Form 2022:
Step 1: Visit the UPSC official website.
Step 2: Select “ONLINE APPLICATION FOR VARIOUS UPSC EXAMINATIONS.”
Step 3: Fill out the registration form with all of your personal information, such as your name, father’s name, date of birth, phone number, and email address.
Step 4: Sort your branch preferences from one to four.
Step 5: Click Verify to validate your registration and make a note of the system-generated registration ID and Password.
Step 1: Log in to the UPSC NDA official website using your registration ID and password.
Step 2: Pay the UPSC NDA II Exam application fee, if applicable.
Step 3: Choose the city in which you want your exam center to be located.
Step 4: Save your photograph, signature, and photo identity proof in the appropriate file size and format.
Step 4: Accept the declaration and submit your UPSC NDA 2 Exam application form. Make a copy of the application form for future use.
All candidates must ensure that they attach all of the following documents when filling out the NDA 2 application form 2022:
The Commission will provide a withdrawal option to candidates who do not wish to take the Examination. Candidates must provide the details of the registered application with the registration id that was finally completed and submitted. There is no way to withdraw any incomplete applications.
If candidates wish to withdraw because they do not wish to take the exam, they must follow the steps outlined below:
During the coaching period of the National Defense Academy (NDA), the aspirants can get a certain amount of remuneration. The Joint training team welcomes cadets to the NDA (JTT). The advantages of NDA pay and allowances begin during the training period, when cadets are in IMA. Following the implementation of the 7th pay commission, there have been changes in the pay scale and other aspects of salary for Indian Army officers. Candidates chosen through the NDA exam will be paid a stipend of INR. 56100/- per month (at pay matrix level 10) for the first three years of training. Following successful training, the officer’s pay in the pay matrix will be fixed in the first Cell of Level 10. For more knowledge, bear the subsequent table:
|NDA Rank||Rank Pay (in Rupees)|
|Lieutenant||56,100/-to 1,77, 500/-|
|Major||69,400/- to 2,07,200/-|
|Lieutenant Colonel||1,21,200/- to 2,12,400/-|
|Colonel||1,30,600/- to 2,15,900/-|
|Brigadier||1,39,600/- to 2,17,600/-|
|Major General||1,44,200/- to 2,18,200/-|
|Lt. General HAG Scale||1, 82, 200/- to 2,24,100/-|
|HAG+ Scale||2,05,400/- to 2,24,400/-|
|VCOAS/ Army Cdr/ Lt Gen (NFSG)||2,25,000/- (fixed)|
Along with NDA Salary, the aspirants can get the below-mentioned allowances: Uniform Allowance, consistent with the designation, extremely active field area allowance, Compensatory Modified Field area allowances, Dearness allowances, Transport allowances, Compensatory field area, etc.
Allowances for Flying
Army Aviators (Pilots) in the Army Aviation Corps are entitled to a monthly flying allowance of Rs.25, 000/-.
Education Allowance for Children (CEA)
For the two oldest children still alive, a monthly allowance of Rs.2250/- is provided. From Nursery to Class 12, children are eligible for the Children’s Education Allowance.
Subsidy for Hostels
The two oldest children alive receive a monthly allowance of Rs.6750/- each. From Nursery to Class 12, the allowance is available.
The NDA Exam is conducted within the typical pen and paper kind and has multiple-choice queries. The NDA written examination consists of two papers: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). Boys and girls who want to apply for NDA 2022 should start preparing for the written exam by reading the detailed NDA Syllabus 2022 that has been discussed in this article. According to the UPSC Calendar 2022, the NDA 1 Exam will be held offline on April 10, 2022, and the NDA 2 Exam will be held on September 4, 2022.
The majority of the questions will be of the 10+2 level. To assess their preparations, candidates can solve model questions and refer to answer keys.
The following table exactly offers all the required info on the NDA exam pattern:
|NDA 2 2022||Mathematics||General Ability Test|
|Exam Duration||2 hours and 30 minutes||2 hours and 30 minutes|
|No. of sections||1||2 (English and General Knowledge)|
|Total no. of questions||120||150|
|Total marks||300||600 (English (200) + GK (400))|
|Marking scheme||2.5 for correct and -0.83 for incorrect||4 for correct and -1.33 for incorrect|
|Medium||English & Hindi||English and Hindi|
|Type of questions||Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)||Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)|
Paper 1 of NDA has solely supported Mathematics. No modification is determined in NDA Syllabus 2022 from the previous year. The sub-sections during this half are basic-level mathematics.
Here are all necessary topics in the NDA syllabus 2022 for Paper 1, i.e. Mathematics:
|Algebra||Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams, Binary system of numbers, Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, and argument, cube roots of unity, Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions, Quadratic equations with real coefficients, Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem, Logarithms and their applications, Cartesian product, Logarithms.|
|Trigonometry||Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians, Trigonometrical ratios, Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae, Multiple and Sub-multiple angles, Inverse trigonometric functions, Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.|
|Differential Calculus||Concept of a real valued function–domain, range and graph of a function, Composite functions, Notion of limit, Standard limits. Continuity of functions, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative, Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives, Increasing and decreasing functions, Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.|
|Vector Algebra||Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors, Vector product or cross product of two vectors, Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.|
|Matrices and Determinants||Types of matrices, operations on matrices, Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants, Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.|
|Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions||Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system, Distance formula, Equation of a line in various forms, Angle between two lines, Distance of a point from a line, Equation of a circle in standard, Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic, Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios, Equation two points, Direction Cosines and direction ratios, Equation of a plane and a line in various forms, Angle between two lines and angle between two planes, Equation of a sphere.|
|Integral Calculus and Differential Equations||Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions, Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plan eregions bounded by curves. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation, General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types, Application in problems of growth and decay.|
|Statistics and Probability||Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution, Graphical representation—Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon, Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode, Variance and standard deviation—determination and comparison, Correlation and regression.|
|Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical, Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems, Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems, Random variable as function on a sample space, Binomial distribution.|
Paper 2 in NDA – the overall Ability to take a look at judges a candidate’s basic awareness, and English proficiency. This section is divided into two parts, English and General knowledge.
English question paper within the NDA exam is framed in such the simplest way that the aspirant understands, the in-depth data of English may be examined. In the following, the NDA 2022 English syllabus has been highlighted in a much-elaborated manner:
The question paper on General knowledge will cover current affairs, questions from Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography, and Current Events. NDA Syllabus 2022 of every topic is given below. The paper aims to check knowledge and intelligent understanding of the subject.
The table below includes the vital topics asked within the Physics section of the General Ability Test:
|States of Matter and its properties, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.||Light and Sound (Properties), Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye.|
|Motion and Laws of Motion, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation.||Magnet and its properties, Natural and Artificial Magnets, Earth as a Magnet|
|Work Energy and Power, elementary ideas of work||Current and Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement ofElectrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays.|
|Modes of Transfer of Heat and its effect, Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat.||General Principles of Working of Simple Pendulum, Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass, Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses|
The basic information of Chemistry and varied chemicals are tested within the chemistry section. The topics to be thought about for preparation are given below:
|Physical and Chemical Changes||Preparation and Properties of Oxygen, Hydrogen, etc. with Oxidation and Reduction|
|Air and water (Properties)||Carbon and its forms|
|Formulae and simple Chemical Equations||Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency|
|Laws of Chemical Combination||Atom and its structure (details)|
|Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures||Fertilizers- Natural and Artificial|
|Acids, Bases, and Salts||Use of materials for the preparation of different chemicals like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-23 Powder|
The topics for general science are tabulated below. The candidates should prepare in step with the NDA info 2022 to get an honest score within the NDA exam:
|Basic Unit of Life: Cell||Growth and Reproduction in Plants and animals|
|Proto plasms and Tissues||Constituents of food|
|Living and Non-Living Things||Human Body and Life processes|
|Epidemics: causes and preventions||Food and Balanced Diet|
|Solar System- Meteors and Comets, Eclipses.||Achievement of Eminent Scientists|
The necessary topics coated within the history section of the final ability to take a look at in NDA are given within the table below:
|Indian History: Culture and Civilization||Constitution and Administration of India|
|Nationalism in India||Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism, and Communism|
|Five Year Plans of India||Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery|
|French, Russian, and Industrial Revolution||United Nations and the Concept of one world|
|Democracy of India||The teaching of Mahatma Gandhi|
|Freedom Movement in India||Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and community development.|
|Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State||Impact of Science and Technology on Society.|
Candidates should prepare the subsequent topics thoroughly for the Geographic section in NDA 2022:
|Earth and its Origin and Movement (Latitudes and Longitudes)||Tides and Oceanic Currents|
|Rocks and their classification||The atmosphere and Atmospheric Pressure|
|Types of Climate||Regional Geography of India|
|Agricultural and Industries||Transportation and Trading routes of India|
|Imports and Exports of India||Concept of time, International Date Line.|
|Movements of Earth and their effects, Origin of Earth||Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation;|
|Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes||Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activitie|
Candidates should understand the recent newspapers and magazines with information about this event in the country. The topics to be ready to qualify during that section with smart marks tabulated here:
|Important and Recent Events in India||Current and Important World Events|
|Important India or Non-India Personalities related to Cultural Activities and Sports||–|
The SSB method contains two stages: I and II. Solely the qualified aspirants from stage I will get permission to require the stage II method. Scan the subsequent content to know the elaborate info of 2 stages:
|Stage 1||Picture Perception Description Test (PP&DT) Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR)|
|Stage 2||Interview (IO) Psychology Tests (Psych) Group Testing Officer Tasks (GTO) Conference|
Three different assessors evaluate a candidate’s personality: the Interviewing Officer (IO), the Group Testing Officer (GTO), and the Psychologist. There is no individual weightage for each test. Assessors assign marks only after considering the candidate’s overall performance across all tests. Furthermore, marks for Conference are assigned based on the Candidate’s initial performance in the three techniques and the Board’s decision. All of these are equally weighted
Read more about the in-depth NDA Exam Syllabus
The National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy (NA) examinations are held twice a year, in April and September, by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Candidates must take a written examination followed by an SSB interview. In order to appear for the NDA written test, candidates should possess a valid admit card. Without a UPSC NDA admit card, candidates will not be allowed to sit in the examination hall. The conducting body has the NDA Admit Card on the official website three weeks prior to the exam. Candidates can access their UPSC NDA 2 Admit Card 2022 by entering their Registration ID or Roll Number, which was generated during registration. The following details are mentioned on the admit card:
|Student’s Name||Roll Number||Exam Centre|
|NDA Exam Date||Timing||Photo & Signature|
If candidates face any problems in downloading the e-admit card for the National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (I) and (II), 2022, please contact them at email@example.com.
To download, follow the steps given below:
Read more about NDA Exam Admit Card
The procedure for checking the NDA Results 2022 is outlined below:
Read more about NDA Exam Results
The table below shows the NDA cut-offs for previous years. It may give you a good idea of how the trend has been over the last four years.
|Year||Written Test Qualifying Marks (Out of 900 marks)||Final Exam Marks|
|NDA (I) 2020||355||723|
|NDA (II) 2019||346||709|
|NDA (I) 2019||342||704|
|NDA (II) 2018 NDA (I) 2018||325 338||688 705|
Check Out Other Defence Exams:
Ans. A smart study plan is required to pass the exam on the first try. A smart study plan entails effectively managing your time and the NDA 2022 syllabus. Your preparation schedule must be well-organized in order for you to receive high marks. Begin preparing the topics from the ground up. Only you can answer high-level questions if your fundamentals are clear. You can improve your general knowledge by reading newspapers, magazines, journals, and books by well-known authors on current events, among other things. All these tips can help candidates to crack the exam easily.
Ans. NDA is an abbreviation for National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) holds the NDA exam twice a year for admission to the Army, Navy, and Air Force wings of the National Defence Academy and Indian Naval Academy courses. The Supreme Court of India allowed women candidates to join the NDA in 2021. Other exams held by the commission for candidates who have completed Class 12 or graduation include UPSC CSE or IAS, CDS, CAPF, UPSC ESE, UPSC CMS, and others.
Ans. According to the most recent NDA Examination eligibility criteria, students must have a minimum education qualification of 10+2 (Army), and 10+2 (Navy) (Physics and Maths for Air Force & Navy). So, if you want to join the army, any subject will suffice. However, in order to join the IAF or Navy, you must have completed PCM in grades 11 and 12.
Ans. One must be very committed to their goal of joining the services; the candidate should begin preparing for it as soon as they finish class 12. Self-study is the best option for NDA exam preparation. Understand the syllabus and subjects first, when you begin preparing for the exam. This will help you understand the level of difficulty you may face when studying the subjects, plan wisely, and establish a consistent pattern for studying each subject. One should practice time management to improve their speed and ability to respond calmly. This will also help you avoid wasting time. You can learn about the nature of the question paper and the types of questions by solving previous years’ question papers.
Ans. UPSC administers the NDA exam for admission to the Army, Navy, and Air Force wings of the NDA. This exam serves as a gateway for candidates interested in joining the Army, Navy, or Air Force. This is a national-level exam that is given twice a year. This examination will be a two-step process in which candidates must first pass the exam and then qualify for the Service Selection Board’s personality test or interview (SSB). The UPSC is solely responsible for issuing selection guidelines and overseeing the final administration of the entrance examination.
Ans. The prescribed NDA height is 157 cms (For Air Force it is 162.5 cms). Certain exceptions apply to candidates based on their geographical origin. Girls’ NDA height is 157 cm. The minimum height for Gorkhas and candidates from the hills of North-Eastern India, Garhwal, and Kumaon will be 5 cms less than the figure shown in the table. The minimum height requirement for candidates from Lakshadweep is reduced by 2 cm.
|NDA Height (in cms) for Army and Air force||NDA Weight (in kgs)|
|16-17 years||17-18 years||18-19 years|
Ans. Candidates must appear for the SSB interview after passing the NDA written exam. During the interview, all physical standards of the candidates are determined. The overall physical standards for Army Officers are determined by three factors:
All 3 forces that are Army, Air force, and Navy have different ranges and parameters in the physical test. It is mandatory to pass this test to get selected for the NDA. The following are the minor issues that frequently cause candidates to be deemed unsuitable for NDA recruitment. Ear Wax, Piles, Deviated Nasal Septum, Overweight/ Underweight, Hydrocele/ Phimosis, Undersized Chest, Varicocele, Tonsillitis, or Gynaecomastia are examples.
Ans. Yes, Swimming is mandatory, and all trainees must pass the basic swimming test before the end of the second semester or risk being relegated. The basic swimming test consists of swimming 50 meters (any stroke) followed by three minutes of floating in a full-sleeved shirt and trousers. During the training, trainees must also pass advanced swimming tests, the details of which will be communicated to them upon arrival. The Academy will ensure the 10 m jump and increased distance of swimming proficiency to 1500 meters for the INAC course.
Ans. The NDA 2022 exam will be divided into two parts: a written exam and a personality test (SSB interview). The written examination will include two papers: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The Mathematics paper is worth 300 points. The GAT paper is worth 600 points. As a result, the total score for the NDA written exam will be 900. The questions in Mathematics will be drawn from topics covered in the 10+2 level. The GAT paper will include English, General Knowledge, and General Science questions.
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