UGC NET, or University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test, is a national examination conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC). It is a national-level exam. UGC NET is conducted to determine eligibility for positions at Indian universities and colleges of Assistant Professors and Junior Research Fellows (JRF). The exam is conducted twice a year in online mode, and the syllabus includes various subjects such as Humanities, Social Sciences, Sciences, and Commerce. The exam consists of two papers, with Paper 1 being common for all candidates and Paper 2 being specific to the subject selected by the candidate. Cracking the UGC NET exam requires thorough preparation and dedication and is considered one of the toughest exams in India.
The UGC NET exam offers a great opportunity for candidates aspiring to become Assistant Professors or pursue research as a Junior Research Fellow in Indian universities and colleges. The exam not only tests the subject knowledge of the candidates but also evaluates their reasoning ability, comprehension, and general awareness. Qualifying the UGC NET exam requires a deep understanding of the subject, regular practice, and time management skills. In order to qualify for an Assistant Professor or Junior Research Fellowship, candidates must score high enough on the exam. Therefore, to succeed in the UGC NET exam, candidates must have a strong determination and a focused approach towards their preparation.
Below are the essential highlights of the UGC NET 2023 Recruitment examination:
|Organization||National Testing Agency (NTA)|
|Exam Name||University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test|
|Level of Exam||National|
|Language||English and Hindi|
|Frequency of Exam||Twice a year|
|Duration of Exam||3 Hours|
|Exam Time||Shift 1 – 09:00 am – 12:00 noon (3 hours)|
Shift 2 – 03:00 pm – 06:00 pm (3 hours)
|Exam Mode||Online – Computer Based Test (CBT)|
|Marking System||+2 for each correct answer |
No negative marking for incorrect answer
|Upper Age Limit||JRF – 31-36 Years |
Assistant Professor – no upper limit
|Post Name||Both Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) or Assistant Professor and Assistant Professor in Indian colleges and universities.|
|Fees of Application||INR 1,100 for the General category |
INR 550 for OBC
INR 275 for SC/ ST/ PwD
|Exam Pattern||50 MCQs in Paper 1 (100 marks) |
100 MCQs in Paper 2 (200 marks)
To learn more about UGC NET Exam Pattern 2022, Click Here
|UGC NET 2023 notification||29th December, 2022|
|Application form starts||29th December, 2022|
|Last date to fill out the application form||23rd January, 2023|
|Last date for payment of online application fees||18th January, 2023|
|Application correction window||19-20th January, 2023|
|UGC NET exam date for the December 2022 cycle||Phase 1 – 21 February to 24 February, 2023|
Phase 2 – 28 February to 02 March, 2023
Phase 3 – 03 March to 06 March, 2023
Phase 4 – 11 March and 12 March, 2023
Phase 5 – 13 March and 15 March, 2023
|Admit card released date||Phase 1 – 17 February, 2023|
Phase 2 – 24 February, 2023
Phase 3 – 01 March, 2023
Phase 4 – 07 March, 2023
Phase 5 – 09 March, 2023
|Answer Key release date||23 March, 2023 (Provisional)|
|Result||To be announced|
|UGC NET cut off||To be announced|
|E-certificate||To be announced|
|UGC NET exam date (June 2023 cycle)||13 June to 22 June, 2023|
The National Testing Agency released the UGC NET Eligibility criteria on December 29, 2022, along with the official notification on their website. This information is crucial for applicants to know before they apply online for the UGC NET exam. On January 5, 2023, the NTA revised the upper age limit for the Junior Research Fellowship, which now requires candidates to be under the age of 30 to apply. To be eligible for the JRF and Assistant Professor positions, candidates must fulfill the UGC NET Eligibility Criteria. Failure to meet these requirements will result in rejection by the NTA during the exam.
The UGC NET Eligibility criteria are determined by the National Testing Agency and the University Grants Commission. If a candidate does not meet the requirements, their application will be rejected, and they will not be allowed to take the exam. It is crucial for candidates to read and understand the eligibility criteria before applying for the exam. If a candidate is unsure about whether they meet the requirements, they can seek clarification from the NTA. The UGC NET Eligibility criteria include age limit, qualifications, nationality, age relaxation, and the number of attempts allowed, among others.
The age limit for the UGC NET exam varies based on the category of the candidate and is set by the University Grants Commission. Meeting the UGC NET age limit requirement is crucial for candidates as it determines their eligibility to appear for the exam. Before submitting their application, candidates must ensure they meet all the UGC NET eligibility criteria, including the age limit. The detailed age limit for Assistant Professor and Junior Research Fellowship is available for candidates to check.
UGC NET age limit for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) is as follows:
The revised age limit for JRF in UGC NET is 30 years, according to the National Testing Agency. However, candidates belonging to reserved categories, such as SC/ST/OBC-NCL, PwD, and women applicants, are given a relaxation of up to 5 years. The age relaxation for different categories is available in the table below, as per the norms of the Government of India.
|Category||Age Relaxation for JRF|
|OBC/SC/ST/PwD/Transgender/Women Applicants||5 Years|
|Candidates having research experience in a relevant field related to their Post-Graduation||5 Years|
|Candidates with LLM Degree||3 Years|
|Armed Forces||5 Years|
Please note that as per the latest UGC NET Eligibility Criteria, the total age relaxation granted shall not exceed five years, based on the above mentioned grounds.
Age Limit for Assistant Professor in UGC NET is as follows:
According to the eligibility criteria for UGC NET, candidates applying for Assistant Professor positions are not subject to an upper age limit. Once a candidate has qualified the UGC NET exam for Assistant Professor positions, they are eligible to apply for the job at any time throughout their life.
In order to meet the UGC NET Eligibility Criteria 2023, candidates are required to review the reservation criteria for the exam. The Government of India has laid out the Reservation Policy that the commission implements. Each College/University reserves a percentage of seats for each category, as defined in the table below.
|Category||Reservation of seats (In %)|
|Scheduled Castes (SC)||15|
|Scheduled Tribes (ST)||7.5|
|Persons with Disability (PwD) with 40% or more disability||4|
The UGC NET exam has specific eligibility criteria related to nationality, which candidates must consider before applying. To be eligible for the UGC NET exam, candidates must be Indian citizens. Those holding citizenship in any other country are not eligible to apply. However, Indian nationals residing overseas may still apply for the exam provided they can provide appropriate documentation confirming their nationality.
The UGC NET application form for the December 2022 cycle was released by the National Testing Agency on December 29, 2022, through their official website. Candidates who wish to apply for the UGC NET exam in June 2023 will have a separate application window to do so. The application window for the December 2022 cycle has been extended until January 23, 2023, and candidates can make changes to their application form during the correction window. The correction window for the UGC NET application form will be open on January 19 and 20, 2023, for candidates to make any necessary changes.
To ensure consideration of their application, candidates must fill out the UGC NET application form completely and accurately. Failure to do so may result in their application being rejected. Candidates may follow the steps below to complete the form:
The fee structure for the different categories is as follows:
To check out the best UGC NET Books Paper 1 & Paper 2, Click Here
The UGC NET Admit Card for Phase 5 of the December 2022 cycle has been released by the National Testing Agency on March 09, 2023. Along with this, the City Intimation Slip for the same phase has also been made available on the official website for candidates from March 07, 2023. Candidates can download both the city intimation slip and hall ticket for the exam by logging into their registered accounts. Please note that the UGC NET Admit Card is mandatory to be carried to the designated exam center. Failure to produce the hall ticket on the day of the exam may result in candidates being disallowed from taking the test.
Below are the steps for candidates to download the hall ticket:
|Particulars||UGC NET Paper 1||UGC NET Paper 2|
|Exam duration||180 minutes||180 minutes|
|Type of paper||Common for all candidates||Subject-specific questions|
|Type of questions||MCQs; 4 options with only 1 correct option||MCQs; 4 options with only 1 correct option|
|Marking scheme||+2 for correct answer 0 for incorrect answer||+2 for correct answer 0 for incorrect answer|
|Language of paper||English and Hindi||English and Hindi|
In its official notification, the National Testing Agency (NTA) provides the UGC NET Marking Scheme, as well as the syllabus and exam pattern. The marking scheme for both papers is identical, and it operates as follows:
Every candidate is required to take the UGC NET Paper 1, which is a common requirement. This paper consists of 50 questions, each question being worth 2 marks, resulting in a total of 100 marks. The UGC NET Paper 1 syllabus is divided into 10 units, with each unit having exactly 5 questions dedicated to it. A comprehensive description of the UGC NET Paper 1 syllabus is presented below.
To check out the UGC NET subjects list for 2023, Click Here
|Teaching Aptitude||Teaching: This topic covers the definition and objectives of teaching, as well as the different levels of teaching such as memory, understanding, and reflective. It also includes the characteristics and basic requirements of effective teaching.Learner’s Characteristics: This topic covers the characteristics of adolescent and adult learners, including their academic, social, emotional, and cognitive traits. It also includes a discussion of individual differences among learners.Factors Affecting Teaching: This topic examines the various factors that can impact the teaching and learning process. These factors include the teacher, the learner, support materials, instructional facilities, the learning environment, and the institution as a whole.Teaching Methods: This topic covers the different teaching methods used in higher education institutions. It includes a comparison of teacher-centered versus learner-centered methods, as well as offline versus online methods like Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs, and others.Teaching Support Systems: This topic looks at the different types of support systems available to teachers, including traditional, modern, and ICT-based systems.Evaluation Systems: This topic covers the elements and types of evaluation used in higher education. It also includes a discussion of evaluation in the choice-based credit system and innovations in evaluation systems, such as computer-based testing.|
|Research Aptitude||Research Aptitude: Definition and types of research, Characteristics of research, Positivism and Post-Positivist approaches to research. Methods of Research: Experimental research method, Descriptive research method, Historical research method, Qualitative research method, Quantitative research method, Steps involved in the research processThesis and Article Writing: Format and styles of referencing for thesis and article writing, Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in research, Research ethics and ethical considerations.|
|Logical Reasoning||Comprehending Argument Structure: Argument Forms, Categorical Propositions’ Structure, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal Fallacies, Language Utilization, Term Connotations and Denotations, Classical Square of Opposition, Discriminating Deductive and Inductive Reasoning, and Analogies.Venn Diagrams: Single and Multiple Applications for Verifying Arguments’ Validity.Indian Logic: Methods of Knowledge Acquisition, Pramanas- Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Oral Testimony), Arthapatti (Implication), and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension); Inference Structure and Types, Vyapti (Invariable Connection), Hetvabhasas (Inference Fallacies).|
|Comprehension||A passage of text is given.Questions related to the passage are asked.|
|Communication||Communication: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics of Communication.Effective Communication: Non-verbal and Verbal, Classroom Communication, Inter-Cultural and Group Communications, Barriers to Mass-Media, Effective Communication,and Society.|
|Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude||Types of Reasoning: Number series, Letter series, Codes, and Relationships.Mathematical Aptitude: Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages, etc.|
|Data Interpretation||Data Sources, Acquisition, and Classification: Understanding the different sources of data, methods of data acquisition, and the classification of data based on various parameters.Quantitative and Qualitative Data: Distinguishing between quantitative and qualitative data, their properties, and their applications in data interpretation.Graphical Representation: Learning how to visually represent data using various charts and graphs, including bar charts, histograms, pie charts, table charts, and line charts.Mapping of Data and Data Interpretation: Understanding how to map data geographically and interpret the information obtained through such mapping. Also, examining the role of data in governance and decision-making processes.|
|Information and Communication Technology (ICT)||General Abbreviations and Terminology, Basics of the Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing, Digital initiatives in Higher Education, ICT and Governance.|
|People, Development, and Environment||Development and Environment: Millennium Development Goals and Sustainable Development Goals, Human activities and their impact on the environmentEnvironmental Issues: Local, regional, and global issues, Air, water, soil, and noise pollutionSolid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, and electronic waste, Climate change and its socio-economic and political dimensions, The impact of pollutants on human healthNatural and Energy Resources: Solar, wind, soil, hydro, geothermal, biomass, nuclear, and forestsNatural Hazards and Disasters:Mitigation strategies for natural hazards and disasters, National Action Plan on Climate Change, the Environmental Protection Act (1986), International Agreements and Efforts such as the Montreal Protocol, Convention on Biodiversity, Rio Summit, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, and International Solar Alliance.|
|Higher Education System||Higher Learning Institutions and Education in Ancient India.Development of Higher Learning and Research in Post-Independence India.Traditional, Conventional, and Non-conventional Learning Programs in India.Education for Professions, Technical Skills, and Vocational Training.Education for Values and Environmental Awareness.Policies, Governance, and Administration in Higher Education.|
When filling out the application form for UGC NET, candidates are required to select a subject for Paper 1. The subject chosen will determine the content of the 100 questions in UGC NET Paper 2. The table below contains a detailed syllabus PDF for the 82 subjects covered in the UGC NET Exam.
|1||Economics/ Rural Economics/ Cooperation/ Demography/ Development Planning/ Development Studies/ Econometrics/ Applied Economics/Development Eco./Business Economics|
|11||Defence and Strategic Studies|
|16||Management (including Business Admin. Mgt./Marketing/ Marketing Mgt./Industrial Relations and Personnel Mgt./ Personnel Mgt./Financial Mgt./Co-operative Management)|
|44||Adult Education/ Continuing Education/ Andragogy/ Non Formal Education|
|46||Arab Culture and Islamic Studies|
|48||Labour Welfare/Industrial Relations/Personnel Management/ Labour and Social Welfare/Human Resource Management|
|50||Library and Information Science|
|51||Buddhist, Jaina, Gandhian, and Peace Studies|
|52||Comparative Study of Religions|
|53||Mass Communication and Journalism|
|54||Performing Art – Dance/Drama/Theatre|
|55||Museology & Conservation|
|58||Tribal and Regional Language/Literature|
|61||Sanskrit traditional subjects (including) Jyotisha/Siddhanta Jyotish/ Navya Vyakarna/ Vyakarna/ Mimansa/ Navya Nyaya/ Sankhya Yoga/ Tulanatmaka Darshan/ Shukla Yajurveda/ Madhav Vedant/ Dharmasastha/ Sahitya/ Puranotihasa /Agama)|
|63||Visual Art (including Drawing & Painting/Sculpture Graphics/Applied Art/History of Art)|
|65||Social Medicine & Community Health|
|70||Computer Science & Application|
|73||Politics including International Relations/International Studies including Defence/ Strategic Studies, West Asian Studies, South East Asian Studies, African Studies, South Asian Studies, Soviet Studies, American Studies|
|75||Human Rights and Duties|
|76||Tourism Administration and Management|
To check out UGC NET Previous Year Papers- PDF Download, Click Here
To check out UGC NET Answer Key Details and PDF Download Link, Click Here
The official website has released the results of UGC NET 2022 for the combined cycle of December 2021 and June 2022. To check the result, candidates can use the direct link provided. Additionally, the UGC NET 2022 cutoff has been announced, and interested individuals can find it by checking CBSE UGC NET Cutoff. The final answer key is also available on the official website. Aspiring candidates are advised to practice previous years’ papers during their preparation to improve their scores and clear the cutoff.
The UGC NET exam dates have been updated, and the result was released on November 05, 2022. To download the UGC NET Result 2022, follow the steps:
The UGC NET scorecard provides the following information:
The National Testing Agency will release the UGC NET 2023 Cut Off separately for each of the 81 subjects, taking into account category, paper, and subject. The cut-off marks, along with the result and scorecard, will be made public. Category-wise cut-offs are the minimum marks required to pass the exam in a particular category. The UGC NET cut off may vary depending on multiple factors, such as the difficulty level of the exam.
If you want to download the UGC NET Cut off 2023, you can follow these simple steps:
By following these steps, you can quickly and easily get access to the UGC NET Cut off 2023.
Approximately 6% of candidates will pass the Assistant Professor exam. The allocation of slots will follow the reservation policy of the Indian government for different categories.
To be eligible for both the JRF and Assistant Professorship positions, candidates must have taken both papers and received a minimum aggregate score of 40% (35% for reserved categories) in the exam.
The examination scores are normalized using the percentile method to provide an unbiased result that accounts for differences in exam difficulty. Scores for each session are allocated between 0 and 100, with raw scores converted to percentiles through the following formula: Total Percentile = (Number of candidates in the session with a raw score equal to or less than the candidate / Total number of candidates in the session) x 100. The raw scores are then combined with the percentiles from both sessions to calculate the final result.
A separate list of cutoff for the UGC NET Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) program is created for eligible students using the following formula to determine their score and eligibility.
To qualify in the UGC NET exam, candidates need to achieve a qualifying percentile. Once the results are out, a separate merit list will be created for each category and subject, featuring only those candidates who meet this requirement.
From this list, the top 6% of candidates will be declared eligible for Assistant professorship. These candidates will be considered NET qualified.
Moreover, a separate merit list will be prepared for candidates who have qualified for NET and are also eligible for the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF).
Finally, there is a minimum marks requirement that candidates must meet in order to qualify in the UGC NET exam.
|Category||Paper I + Paper II|
|General/ EWS||120 marks (40%)|
|OBC-NCL/PwD/SC/ST||105 marks (35%)|
The UGC NET JRF salary structure after clearing the NET exam ::
Check out the details below, including scholarship amounts, duration, and other related information for the NET Exam 2023.
The JRF fellowship initially lasts for three years and can be extended for an additional three years if the candidate’s research work is deemed satisfactory by the relevant department of the university or college.
The NET JRF scholarship amount is INR 31,000 for the first two years and INR 35,000 for the remaining tenure.
For contingency expenses,
Upon clearing the UGC NET exam, you can expect to receive attractive salary packages for the positions you hold. The NET Lecturer Salary Structure for different positions can be viewed as follows:
|Assistant Professor (Junior)||Minimum CTC 4.92 Lakhs per year|
|Assistant Professor||Minimum CTC 5.75 Lakhs per year|
|Assistant Professor (Senior)||Minimum CTC 6.80 Lakhs per year|
|Assistant Professor (Selection Grade)||Minimum CTC 9.33 Lakhs per year|
|Associate Professor||Minimum CTC 9.33 Lakhs per year|
|Professor||Minimum CTC 11.88 Lakhs per year|
For the purpose of determining eligibility for positions as Assistant Professors and Junior Research Fellowships (JRFs) in Indian universities and colleges, on behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC), the National Testing Agency (NTA) administers the University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (UGC NET).
The official dates for UGC NET 2023 have not been announced yet. However, based on the previous year’s schedule, it is expected to be conducted in June 2023.
The eligibility criteria for UGC NET 2023 is as follows:
Educational Qualification: Candidates must have a Master’s degree or its equivalent from a recognized university with at least 55% marks (50% for SC/PwD/ST/OBC/ transgender candidates).
Age Limit: For JRF, the maximum age limit is 31 years as on 1st June 2023. For Assistant Professors, there is no upper age limit.
UGC NET 2023 will consist of two papers: Paper 1 and Paper 2. Paper 1 will have 50 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) of 2 marks each, and Paper 2 will have 100 MCQs of 2 marks each. The duration of each paper will be 3 hours. The syllabus for Paper 1 will be common for all subjects, whereas Paper 2 will be based on the subject chosen by the candidate.
Candidates will be selected for the role of Assistant Professor based on their performance in both papers of UGC NET 2023. Candidates who qualify for JRF will also have to undergo an interview process to be eligible for the award of JRF.
No, candidates cannot make any changes to their UGC NET 2023 application form after submission. Therefore, candidates are advised to fill the application form carefully and double-check all the details before submitting it.
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