UPSC Geo Scientist: Exam Syllabus, Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips

September 9, 2022

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

UPSC Geo Scientist Syllabus 2021

Every year Union Public Service Commission recruits many undergraduates, postgraduates, doctorates in the public geology offices. Recently, the officials of UPSC issued various vacancies like geologists, geophysicists, hydrologists, geoscientists, and other posts. The applicants have to qualify for the written test and interview to get select for those UPSC Geo Scientist Job Openings. All the applicants have to attend the Combined geoscientist geologist examination on respective dates. Similarly, the UPSC Geo Scientist exam will be held in 3 stages. Those 3 stages are, the first is prelims (MCQ type), the second is mains (written types) and, the third is the interview round.

Moreover, Interested candidates can follow the mentioned syllabus and exam pattern to crack the exam. Among those 3 rounds, the interview round is crucial to get select for those UPSC Jobs. The prelims exam contains two papers. Paper one is a general studies exam, while paper two is an examination for which the applicant applied. Likewise, the Second exam consists of Geology, hydrology, geophysics, and chemistry. Therefore, the UPSC Geo-Scientist Syllabus mostly covers fundamentals.

Brief Details of UPSC Geo Scientist Recruitment 2021

Before taking the exam details, here are some of the vital things about the exam.

NAME OF THE RECRUITMENT EXAMCombined geologists geophysicist examination
NAME OF THE RECRUITING AGENCYUnion Public Service Commission
NUMBER OF VACANCIES102- 103 (as per the previous trend)
SELECTION PROCESS FOR VARIOUS POSTSOnline exam (PRELIMS), Descriptive exam (MAINS), Personal Interview

Know More – UPSC Geo Scientist Recruitment Important Date & Notifications

UPSC Geo Scientist Exam Syllabus 2021

Guys!!! Are you looking for the UPSC Geo Scientist Syllabus after applying for the UPSC Geo Scientist Recruitment 2021? Then you’ve arrived to the right location. Most significantly, everyone needs to have a better comprehension of the syllabus. As a result, it is required for candidates who are studying for the UPSC CGGE exam. This page contains the Geo Scientist Syllabus as well as the test pattern. Furthermore, the applicants gain access to an overview of the complete syllabus. As a result, they will be able to determine the necessary topics to be studied from these areas.

Similarly, you will find specifics of the syllabus, methods, and advice in this article. This will assist you in finishing the syllabus on time. As a result, you’ll have ample time in practice sessions to execute techniques. As a result, you’ll be able to improve your grades. You’ll also learn about the exam pattern, which is listed below.

Syllabus of Combined Geo-Scientist (Preliminary) Examination

Paper-I : General Studies

  • Current Affairs of national and international importance.  
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.  
  • Indian and World Geography -Physical, Economic Geography of India, Social, and the World.  
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Political System, Constitution, Panchayati Raj, Rights Issues, Public Policy, etc.  

Paper-II : Geology/Hydrogeology

  • Physical Geology
  • Structural Geology
  • Mineralogy
  • Igneous Petrology
  • Metamorphic Petrology
  • Sedimentology
  • Paleontology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Economic Geology
  • Hydrogeology

Chemistry Syllabus

  • Chemical periodicity
  • Chemical bonding and structure
  • Acids and bases
  • Theoretical basis of quantitative inorganic analysis
  • Kinetic theory and the gaseous state
  • Chemical thermodynamics and chemical equilibrium
  • Solutions of non-electrolytes
  • Electrochemistry

Syllabus of Combined Geo-Scientist (Main) Examination

Geology : Paper-I

  • Physical geology and remote sensing
  • Structural geology
  • Sedimentology
  • Paleontology
  • Stratigraphy

Geology : Paper-II

  • Mineralogy
  • Geochemistry and isotope geology
  • Igneous petrology 
  • Metamorphic petrology
  • Geodynamics

Geology : Paper-III

  • Economic geology
  • Indian mineral deposits and mineral economics
  • Mineral exploration
  • Fuel geology and Engineering geology
  • Environmental geology and Natural hazards

Geophysics : Paper-I

  • Solid Earth Geophysics
  • Earthquake Seismology
  • Mathematical methods in Geophysics
  • Geophysical Inversion


  • Mathematical Methods of Physics
  • Electrodynamics
  • Electromagnetic Theory
  • Introductory Atmospheric and Space Physics

Geophysics : Paper-II – PART-A

  • Potential Field (Gravity and Magnetic) Methods
  • Electrical and Electromagnetic methods
  • Seismic Prospecting
  • Borehole Geophysics


  •  Classical Mechanics
  • Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics and Characterization of materials
  • Nuclear and Particle Physics

Geophysics : Paper-III – PART-A

  • Radiometric and Airborne Geophysics
  • Marine Geophysics
  • Geophysical Signal Processing
  • Remote Sensing and Geohydrology


  • Solid State Physics and Basic Electronics
  •  Laser systems
  • Digital electronics, Radar systems, Satellite communications
  • Quantum Mechanics

Chemistry : Paper-I (Inorganic Chemistry)

  • Inorganic solids
  • Chemistry of coordination compounds
  • Isomerism, reactivity and stability
  • Structure and bonding
  • Acid base titrations
  • Gravimetric Analysis
  •  Redox Titrations
  • Complex metric titrations

Chemistry : Paper-II (Physical Chemistry)

  • Kinetic theory and the gaseous state
  • Solids
  • Chemical thermodynamics and chemical equilibrium
  • Chemical kinetics and catalysis
  • Electrochemistry
  • Quantum chemistry
  • Basic principles and applications of spectroscopy
  • Rotational spectroscopy of diatomic molecules

Chemistry : Paper-III (Analytical and Organic)


  • Errors in quantitative analysis
  • Separation Methods
  • Chromatographic analysis
  • Solvent extraction
  • Spectroscopic methods of analysis
  • UV-Visible Spectroscopy

PART B (Organic chemistry)

  • Unstable, uncharged intermediates
  • Addition to C-C multiple bonds
  • Addition to carbon-heteroatom multiple bonds
  • Reactions at the carbonyl group
  • Oxidation and Reduction
  • Electrocyclic Reactions

Know More – UPSC Geo Scientist Admit Card

UPPSC Geo Scientist Exam Pattern

Most Importantly, all the applicants have to understand the exam format and syllabus after applying. You can get an idea of who will write the exam paper and what subjects they will cover by looking at the UPSC exam pattern. Each question has four possible answers. Furthermore, each correct response is worth one point. You can also get information on the grades. The hiring of geologist officers takes place by a three-phase exam. It contains an MCQ test, mains, and an interview.

The UPSC CGGE test is for individuals who finish the course on time and put in the necessary practice hours. A candidate who is more knowledgeable about the material and previous exam patterns. Can quickly recognize and respond to questions and patterns. As a result, knowing the syllabus inside and outputs a candidate in a considerably better position than one who does not.



UPSC Mains Exam Pattern 

TIME3hrs each
Important Note:

The applicants of UPSC must qualify the MCQ test with a minimum score. Individuals who qualified in prelims exam can attend for the UPSC mains exam. How ever, the commission is in charge of assigning the lowest possible score. They sets the regulations and the jury for personal interviews. The UPSC has rights to change the pattern and syllabus. They have the option to change their minds if they so desire. So, the candidates will be informed of the modifications via the official website. Most importantly, the preliminary examination is merely a clearing round. Above all, the outcome is determined by the marks gained in the mains and the interview round. To ace the exam, the candidate must perform well in both the mains and the personal interview phase.

Reference Books

Are you studying for the CGGE examination? Then, you had come to a right place. Most importantly, applicants should also practice interview skills, as this is how the panel will evaluate you. You can refer upsc books for your better preparation. On the market, there are a number of UPSC CGGE books that cover the syllabus. They are also intended to assist you in preparing for the interview. So, One can also consult their bachelor’s or master’s course books to prepare for their specialized subject. Therefore, Below you’ll find a list of the best novels as well as additional articles. It will assist you in achieving the finest results possible.

Books List

Below is the list of the books that suitors can use to start the study.

CHEMISTRYInorganic Chemistry: Principles of Structure and Reactivity, Basic Organometallic Chemistry, Vogel’s Quantitative Chemical Analysis, Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms, and Structure
GEOLOGYStructural Geology, Geography Guide by Narmadeshwar Prasad, Concise Glossary of Geology by Mathur
HYDROGEOLOGYPetrology of Sedimentary Rocks, Marine Geology: A scenario around Indian Coasts by T.K. Mallik, Geology, and Evolution of Indian Plate by Naqvi

These are some of the best books that are present in the market. Candidates can also buy them from good sites. The list of books is not limited. This list only has the books that are best for starting the studies.  Therefore, Aspirants can choose any book they want as per their skills and need.

Know More – UPSC Geo Scientist Exam Result & Cut off Marks

Preparation Tips

The syllabus for the exam can change. These are the topics based on the previous year’s trends. So, this is necessary that candidates are aware of the current trend in the exam. If anything looks new, try to cover that also, there are good chances that a question will come from that topic. Studying for an exam needs zeal and continuity. So it will be good to make the schedule for studies. Prepare a study plan for a day and try to cover your topics as per that. Daily goals not only encourages but also make the learning good.

Useful Tips
  • Study the exam before studying for the exam. Do not just start with the topics. Study the past year’s papers, search online about the topics which came before. Prepare the self-analysis. It will help in deciding the most vital and least important topics. Jumping from one topic to other only make things hard. There are chances to forgot what’s done whatnot. It is why study the subject topic-wise. Decide the topic that needs to be done in a day and work as per that. Learn the material and do practice papers. Do past year papers of that topics, grade yourself, and then move forward.
  • Read the newspaper daily. The general knowledge section is tricky,  but they are easy if you are aware of your surroundings. The exam is related to geology so update yourself with the news related to the environment, amendments in governing laws. Also, keep up to date with current affairs like any political, social, or financial trend. International news is also necessary. Write the daily updates in a notebook so that you can re-revise again and again. Also,  do not forget to do the past year’s question papers. They are vital.

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Q1. On Which platform we can buy the UPSC Books?

Hello Everyone!!! You can buy books from Amazon, Flipkart. Also if you can read online go for the kindle edition or e-books to save some money.

Q-2 where we can find the UPSC Geo Scientist?

Hey Guys!!! The UPSC practice paper books contain sample paper and past papers. They are available on the internet also. 

Q-3  Is Mock tests helpful for us?

Hello everyone!!  By practicing UPSC free mock tests, you can improve your skills and knowledge. You can also manage your timings while writing the main exam. 

Q-4 How Many marks id for UPSC Geo Scientist Prelims and Mains Exam?

The UPSC Geo Scientist Exam contains 2 exams. In Prelims exam, there are 3 papers for 600 Marks. Similarly, in Mains exam also there are 3 papers for 600 marks. Most importantly, the applicants have to qualify the both exams to get select for Geo Scientist Jobs

Q-5 On which date the officials of UPSC will release the Geo Scientist Prelims and mains Exam date?

Hey Guys!!! The officials of UPSC are going to release the Preliminary and Mains exam dates very soon on its website. 

Q-6 How Many vacancies are issued for Geo Scientist Posts?

Hello Visitors!!! The officials released 192 to 193 vacancies for UPSC Geo Scientist Posts. You can check the UPSC official website further more details.

Q-7 Can I study from books for the UPSC CGGE exam?

A. Yes, students can use books to prepare for the CGGE exam. Several resources are available to assist you in improving your level of readiness.

Q-8 Is the UPSC Geologist exam tough or not?

A. Hey Guys!!! The UPSC Geologist Exam is regarded as one of the most difficult and demanding exams. Most Importantly, The cut-off mark is the minimal score required to be hired for the desired employment. As a result, The following elements influence Geoscientist and Geologist cut-off scores: Level of difficulty of the examination, Pattern of the examination.

Q-9 What is the qualification required to apply for these UPSC Geo Scientist Jobs?

A. Hello Visitors!!! People who completed M.Sc. in relevant subjects from any recognized university or board  can apply for these UPSC Jobs.

Q-10 How many questions will be asked in UPSC Geo Scientist exam?

A. Hey Guys!!! Once check the UPSC Exam Pattern to know further more details.

Q-11 What subjects are covered in UPSC Exam?

A. Once check the official website to know the subjects covered in UPSC CGGE Exam Syllabus.

Q-12 How much time should we spend studying for the UPSC CGGE exam?

A. Good day, guys!!! At least six months before the exam date, you should start studying for the UPSC Geo Scientist exam.

Q-13 What are the subjects covered in UPSC Mains Exam?

A. The UPSC Mains Exam consists of subjects like Geology Paper-I, II, III, Geophysics Part A and B. Once Check the UPSC Exam Pattern to get furthermore information.