UPSC CAPF: Exam Syllabus, Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips

May 26, 2023

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

If you have been preparing for the UPSC CAPF 2022 exam, you may be wondering about the latest news. Here are the essential details regarding the exam, CAPF Syllabus and preparation tips.


The UPSC Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to the body of seven security forces in India under the Ministry of Home Affairs’ authorization. This CAPF AC exam is conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission). The seven security forces under CAPF are Assam Rifles (AR), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), National Security Guard (NSG), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Border Security Force (BSF).

To score high marks in the UPSC CAPF Exam, candidates must be familiar with the subject-wise syllabus and study the relevant material thoroughly. It is also necessary to revise the syllabus frequently. A systematic study schedule will help them solve questions efficiently and boost their time management skills.

Here are some tips to help you prepare for the UPSC CAPF:

  • The CAPF Syllabus 2022 includes topics related to Indian, world, and global geography. It is essential to understand the current economic climate in India.
  • Basic knowledge of the Indian economy is essential as it will help you interpret the economic events of the country.
  • The syllabus also includes modern Indian history, emphasizing the freedom struggle. The yearly session of the Congress is also an important topic to know.
  • You should also study for the exam’s comprehension section. The Comprehension part of the syllabus covers precise writing, comprehension writing, and other English communication/language skills.
  • You should study for the paper concerning the relevant textbooks and periodicals. To prepare for the Comprehension part, read newspapers and magazines that cover current affairs and write short summaries of them.
  • Study the CAPF Syllabus The Union Public Service Commission releases the official information brochure and syllabus for the CAPF exam.

The next CAPF exam is scheduled for August 7, 2022. Applicants must familiarize themselves with the UPSC CAPF Syllabus 2022. The syllabus includes subject-wise information, PET, and highlights of the exam.

The Latest News on UPSC CAPF

The UPSC CAPF recruitment process comprises four stages – Paper-I, Paper-II, PET test, and interview. The syllabus includes information about English language skills and vocabulary. You can prepare for this exam by reading Yojana magazines and Press Information Bureau articles.

For CAPF AC paper 1, you can read about the recent events in India and practice writing on these topics. You may also want to focus on past events to help you with your essay. This will help you write a factual and comprehensive essay. Last but not least – do not ignore the medical tests. Practicing the question papers is the best way to improve your speed. By practicing, you can understand the structure and types of questions.

Updated information on UPSC CAPF Exam: The commission has released the notification for CAPF AC recruitment 2022. This notification contains all the essential information related to the exam. To prepare for the exam, you should be familiar with all the parameters of the Assistant Commandant examination. To understand the exam syllabus and preparation tips, check out the notification PDF carefully. It will answer all your questions.

UPSC CAPF Syllabus

The candidates can prepare for the UPSC CAPF exam with the help of the CAPF AC Syllabus, the CAPF AC exam pattern and UPSC CAPF Syllabus provided online. The exam is conducted in two different papers & the UPSC CAPF AC syllabus of each paper is as follows:

Paper-I: General Ability and Intelligence

The objective type questions in this paper will widely cover the following areas:

General Mental Ability

Here we test the candidate’s logical reasoning, data interpretation, quantitative aptitude & numerical ability.

General Science

Here we test the scientific temper, general awareness, comprehension, and appreciation of scientific phenomena in everyday activities, including new areas of importance like Information Technology, Biotechnology, and Environmental Science of the candidate.

Current Events of National and International Importance

Here we test the candidate’s awareness of current events of international and national importance in the broad areas of music, arts, culture, literature, sports, governance, societal and developmental issues, globalization, industry, business, and interplay among nations.

Indian Polity and Economy

Here we test the candidate’s knowledge of the Country’s political system and the Constitution of India, social systems and public administration, economic development in India, international and regional security issues, and human rights, including its indicators.

History of India

Here we test the candidate’s knowledge of the subject in its social, political, &economic aspects. This will also include the areas of nationalism and freedom movement.

Indian and World Geography

The questions will broadly cover the physical, economic, and social aspects of geography in India and the World.

Paper-II: General Studies, Essay, and Comprehension

Part-A: Essay questions are to be answered in a long, narrated form of 80 marks. The topics would be modern Indian history, especially the freedom struggle, polity and economy, knowledge of security, geography, human rights issues, and analytical ability.

Part-B: Precis writing, comprehension, other communications/language skills – to be attempted only in English (Marks 120) – The topics would be Comprehension passages, précis writing, simple grammar, developing counterarguments, and other aspects of language testing.

UPSC CAPF Exam Pattern

The candidates can get a notification from the official website UPSC HOME.

The UPSC CAPF AC selection process consists of the following:

  1. Written examination
  2. Physical standards test and medical standard tests
  3. Interview / Personality test
  4. Final selection/ Merit

The UPSC CAPF AC exam will be conducted on 7th August 2022,comprising two papers. Paper-I will be conducted from 10 a.m. to 12.00 p.m., and Paper-II will be conducted from 2.00 p.m. to 5.00 p.m.

Paper I: General Intelligence and Ability – 250 Marks

The model of the questions in this paper will be of Objective (Multiple Answers) mode, in which the questions will be asked in Hindi and English.

Paper-II: Essay, General Studies, and Comprehension – 200 Marks

In this paper, the candidates will be given the option of writing the Essay Component in English or Hindi. Still, the Precis Writing, Comprehension Components, and other communications/ language skills have to be written in the English medium only.

NOTE-I: Candidates should know that in Paper-II, the candidates should write the answers only in the medium allowed by the UPSC for the different components mentioned above. Marks will not be provided if the candidate writes the essay in another medium other than English. The candidates should indicate the medium of the Essay Component which they choose to write in the Attendance Lists and on the Answer Book. Marks will not be provided if the candidate indicates a medium on the Attendance List and the Answer Book other than the one in which they had written the Essay.

NOTE-II: There is a minimum qualifying mark for each Paper fixed by the UPSC CAPF at their discretion. During the evaluation process, Paper-I will be evaluated first, and Paper-II will be considered only for those candidates who got the minimum qualifying marks in Paper-I.

Know More – UPSC CAPF Important Date & Notifications

Physical Efficiency/Physical Standards Tests and Medical Standards Tests

The Candidates who clear the online exam will be called for Physical Efficiency/Physical Standards Tests and Medical Standards Tests. The candidates who meet the required Physical Standards as specified by the UPSC CAPF will be going through the Physical Efficiency Tests as indicated below:

Physical Efficiency Tests (PET)



The woman candidates, who are found to be pregnant, will be declared temporarily unfit, and their appointment is suspended until the confinement is over. Most importantly, the vacancy for women candidates who are selected should be kept reserved for them. She should be re-examined for the Physical Efficiency Test six weeks after the date of confinement, subject to the production of the medical certificate of fitness from a registered medical practitioner. Suppose the women candidate is found to be fit. In that case, she may be appointed to the post kept reserved for and allowed the benefit of seniority following the instructions of the Government, as amended from time to time.

The Medical Standard Tests will check the standards specified by UPSC CAPF AC.

The medical standards Tests and the physical efficiency/physical standards tests will be conducted under the supervision of a “Nodal Authority” appointed by the Ministry of Home Affairs. These tests will be conducted at various centres, which will be notified after the online examination results.

Appeals will be entertained only against the Medical Standards Tests and will have to be made to the Appellate Authority designated by the Ministry of Home Affairs within 15 days from the date of declaration of the results of these tests.

Personality/Interview Test: Candidates who are qualified in the Medical Standards:

The candidates should appear for the Personality/Interview test by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission). Those declared medically unfit are called for the Interview/Personality provisional test. Besides, the Interview/Personality interim Test will carry 150 Marks.

The candidates selected for the Interview/Personality Test and the Interview/Personality provisional test will be given a Detailed Application Form (DAF) in which, among other things, they are required to indicate their preference of Forces.

Final Selection / Merit: The merit list will be drawn based on marks obtained by the candidates in the Online Exam and Interview/Personality Test.

Know More – UPSC CAPF Admit Card and Interview call letter

UPSC will be releasing the official notification soon & the selection process will be done in 3 steps:

  1. Written test
  2. Physical & Medical test
  3. Personal interview

The candidates can go through the below-mentioned books, which are based on the previous exam.

For Paper-I


  • Economic Development & Policies in India – Jain &Ohri
  • Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh


  • Facts of Indian Culture – Spectrum
  • NCERT XI (Ancient & Medieval)
  • NCERT XII (Modern Indian History)
  • India’s Struggle for Independence – Bipan Chandra

Indian Polity

  • Indian Polity – M Laxmikanth


  • World Atlas
  • NCERT VI – X (Old Syllabus)
  • NCERT XI, XII (New Syllabus)
  • Certificate Physical Geography – G C Leong

International Relations

  • NCERT XII (Contemporary World Politics)
  • Current Affairs

For Paper-II

General Studies


  • Geography of India by Majid Husain
  • World Geography by Majid Husain
  • World Atlas
  • Certificate Physical and Human Geography – G C Leong
  • Fundamentals of Physical Geography NCERT Class 11,12

History, Indian Heritage & Culture

  • An Introduction to Indian Art Part 1: Textbook in Fine Arts for Class XI, XII
  • India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra
  • India after Independence by Bipan Chandra
  • Ancient India by R.S Sharma
  • History of Medieval India by Satish Chandra

Polity & International Relations

  • Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth
  • Introduction to the Constitution of India by DD Basu
  • India’s Foreign Policy by Rajiv Sikri


  • Indian Economy – Ramesh Singh

Comprehension and Essay

English Language

  • S. Agarwal
  • Wren and Martin

Know More – UPSC CAPF Result &Cut-off Marks

UPSC CAPF Preparation Tips

The candidates can check the UPSC CAPF eligibility criteria before starting with their UPSC CAPF AC exam preparation. Below are some subject-wise tips for CAPF AC exam preparation.

Paper-I General Ability and Intelligence

The topics covered within the section are General Ability and Intelligence, Current Affairs, General Science, History & Geography, Politics, and Economy of India.

The candidates should keep in mind three essential tips to prepare for reasoning ability which will help to deal with obstacles in the preparation.

  • Focus on the solution and not the problem
  • Simplify things and think likewise with solution
  • Solve puzzles and crosswords regularly sharpens the mind

Quantitative aptitude

To gain knowledge of quantitative aptitude, the candidates must go through the given tips to clarify basic concepts, and the scope of questions asked in the exam.

  • Problems on Trains
  • Questions on quadratic equation
  • Problems on Ages
  • Data interpretation
  • Issues of Time and work
  • Questions on number series

Current affairs

To gain knowledge in the current affairs section, the candidates must be up-to-date with day-to-day happenings in India and worldwide.

General Science

The candidates should concentrate on the latest developments taking place in science.

Update your knowledge on the application of science in our daily lives.


Focus on the different years, eras in India, and dates.

Commit to different memory rulers and their reigns.


Concentrate on the geographical aspects of India and the world, including global warming, the latest treaties, climate change, etc.

Politics and Economy

Focus on the overall economic and political situation of India.

Paper-II General Studies, Essay, and Comprehension

An essay topic can be anything from India’s history, geography, economy, and politics.

Keep yourself updated with the latest happenings in India.

Focus on the activities that have taken place in India in the past.

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Q.1 Is there any negative marking for CAPF Exam 2022?

Ans. For students to achieve satisfactory results on the CAPF exam, they will need to devote sufficient time and effort to preparing. When taking CAPF paper 1, a wrong answer will result in a loss of one-third of the total possible points. In the second part of the exam, you will only be asked descriptive-based questions. The second exam will have a total of 200 points attached to it. Candidates are reminded that there are two parts to the test: paper one lasts for two hours, and paper two lasts for three hours. Both parts of the exam must be completed successfully to pass.

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is in charge of administering the Combined Armed Services Preliminary Examination (CAPF Exam) to select candidates for the position of Assistant. The examination is divided into two parts: the first part, referred to as “paper 1,” consists of two objective tests, and the second part, referred to as “paper 2,” is a descriptive test. Paper-1 has 125 questions, and candidates have two hours to finish it. Questions on general ability, problem-solving abilities, and spatial orienting are included in Paper 1 of the examination. In addition, candidates ought to have a general understanding of Indian history and geography.

Q.2 What is the exam pattern for UPSC CAPF 2022 for Assistant Commandant?

Ans. The CAPF is a federal police force founded in 1939. Its primary responsibility is to maintain law and order during elections, protect national integrity, and promote social harmony. In addition, it is responsible for fighting against the Naxals in Bihar and West Bengal. For that reason, aspiring candidates must keep up with current events. In addition to current affairs, candidates should also prepare for questions on quantitative abilities and logical reasoning.

The CAPF Assistant Commandant Exam is a written exam conducted by UPSC and provides an opportunity to join different streams of the CAPF. The various streams include the BSF (Border Security Force), the CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force), the SSB (“Shastra Seema Bal”), and the ITBP (Indo-Tibetan Border Police).

To prepare for the CAPF Assistant Commandant exam, candidates must study all pertinent information present in Assistant Commandant Syllabus. UPSC has released the official notification for the CAPF AC 2022exam. The exam is scheduled for the first week of August. The selection process will take place at various centres all over the country. The exam will be held on 7 August 2022. To prepare for the exam, candidates should check the UPSC calendar.

Q.3 How many papers are there in UPSC CAPF 2022 exam?

Ans. The first step in the CAPF AC Selection Process is the written test for the 2022 CAPF AC competition. The first and second papers of this written examination are referred to respectively as Paper 1 and Paper 2.

The first section of the exam will be made up of multiple-choice questions on general ability and intellect, each of which will have four possible answers. The second section of the exam is of the descriptive form, consisting of questions on general studies, essays, and comprehension.

Applying online is the only way to take the UPSC CAPF test. During this step of the procedure, you will be asked to fill in some basic and personal details. The testing facility requires you to provide picture identification and a document that verifies your current residence.

Check that you are familiar with the course outline before beginning your test preparation. You also can download the CAPF Exam Syllabus in PDF format for the UPSC CAPF examination. To get a good grade, you must thoroughly go through the course outline and make sure you comprehend each part and subject.

Q.4 What is the selection process for UPSC CAPF 2022 (AC) exam?

Ans. The performance of candidates in the written exam, the medical standards test, and the physical efficiency test are evaluated during the selection process for CAPF AC positions by the UPSC. Those applicants who are successful in passing the written test will move on to the next stage.

The position of Assistant Commandant will be made available to candidates who advance to the next round of the selection process. To comply with the directives of the authorized office, they must submit original documents such as proof of educational qualification, residential status, and so on. Candidates who have demonstrated excellence throughout the examination process will be included on the merit list.

Only once per year does the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) distribute admit cards for the UPSC CAPF AC exam, and the entire process takes a whole year to finish. The test will be given on August 7, 2022, and divided into two stages. The first stage tests the candidate’s physical efficiency (PET).

Q.5 How many stages are there in the UPSC CAPF selection process?

Ans. The CAPF AC Selection Process has three stages: the written exam, the medical assessment, and the interview/personality test. The written exam is the first step. The application procedure for the CAPF AC is tentatively scheduled to begin in April 2022, and the last day to complete an application form was May 2022. (Tentative).

After it has been determined that they meet the requirements for the recruiting process for the CAPF, candidates have a choice between participating in the interview or the Medical and Physical Test. These factors are given the same amount of consideration throughout the selection process. Only those applicants who can complete the Medical and Physical Test will be contacted for an interview. The last stage of the selection procedure for the UPSC CAPF is worth 150 points. On the other hand, applicants deemed to be physically unsuited for service in the CAPF will be barred from participating in the interview process. If you are unsure whether you will meet the deadline, the following is a way to determine whether or not you will.

You need to be at least 25 years old to apply for the position of Assistant Commandant (AC) if you are interested in applying. Questions about your previous job experience, credentials, and personal attributes will be asked of you during the interview. You will be asked a few questions about the post you are applying for while being interviewed. This is your opportunity to sell yourself to the Army and persuade them that you are the most qualified candidate for the job.

Q.6 What are the contents of the English selection of the CAPF syllabus?

Ans. The curriculum of the CAPF consists of topics such as Indian history and geography, general science, the study of opposing viewpoints, vocabulary and language skills, and participation in national movements. Studying periodicals such as newspapers and magazines, as well as keeping up with current events and composing essays, is an effective way to prepare for the CAPF exam.

  • The first stage of the selection process for the CAPF is an online exam.
  • The second stage is an essay-type test.
  • The third stage is a written test.
  • The fourth stage is an interview.

In addition, the course will cover language skills in a separate section, and the primary focuses of this portion of the curriculum will be grammatical construction and vocabulary. Reading assignments include periodicals like newspapers and magazines, as well as articles from the Press Information Bureau.

Reading comprehension passages, developing counterarguments, simple grammar, and reading comprehension are just some of the important topics included in the CAPF syllabus for Paper 2. Because each question carries a weightage of approximately seventy percent, it is essential to have a comprehensive understanding of the syllabus before beginning the test. Thankfully, the UPSC has made the CAPF exam syllabus available, and it is relatively simple to locate online. This allows candidates to better prepare for the exam.

Q.7 How to prepare Current Affairs for CAPF 2022?

Ans. The section on current events is typically given significant weight in most competitive examinations. Your knowledge of important political, economic, and social events in the country and worldwide will be evaluated here. To effectively prepare for this section, you should coordinate your daily general knowledge updates with significant events that have occurred in the recent past. In addition, you should make it a habit to read multiple PDFs on current events daily as part of your preparation for the exam.

Students should begin their preparation for the CAPF Exam by studying current events. This will help them perform better on the exam. They will gain a general understanding of how critical current affairs are to the nation as a result of this. Candidates should, if at all possible, also read the question papers from previous years, as these contain topics related to current affairs and other subjects. As a last piece of advice, it is highly recommended that you study the most recent years’ worth of current events.

Q.8 How many marks does each stage of the CAPF exam hold?

Ans. The combined score of the CAPF written test and the interviews determines the overall cut-off for the UPSC CAPF. Out of a maximum of 600 points, the ultimate cut-off for the Central Armed Police Forces will be selected.

The CAPF Exam 2022 consists of a written exam and a physical test. Both tests are required to pass. The written examination comprises multiple-choice questions (MCQs)used to evaluate candidates’ general competence and intellect. If they pass both exams, candidates have the potential to earn up to 2,500 points. Candidates who have completed the written test are then eligible to go on to the interview, which is worth 150 marks. A written examination, an interview, and the total amount of points earned from both will be used to compile a merit list.

For the candidates to be eligible for the second step of the selection process, they must have passed both examinations. Those successful applicants in both CAPF AC examinations will be allowed to participate in an interview and a capability test. The specific amount of marks, on the other hand, will be based on how challenging the CAPF Exam is.

Q.9 What are the essential History books for CAPF preparation?

Ans. For the AC section of the CAPF exam, you will need to study Indian Polity and its historical background. It is essential to choose a book that is both comprehensive and easy to understand. You can refer to the list of critical History books noted by NCERT for your exam preparation.

  • Polity: Laxmikanth
  • Geography: Class 11th & 12th NCERT
  • History: Modern History of India by Rajiv Ahir
  • Science & Technology: 6th-10th NCERTs+ Current Affairs
  • Current affairs: Vision IAS months booklets Jan to July
  • General ability and Reasoning (do last five years’ previous papers)

NCERT notes on Geography are also a great choice for candidates preparing for the CAPF exam. These books provide extensive knowledge of both Indian and global geography.

To prepare for the CAPF exam, you need to know the most important topics. You must schedule your preparation according to the subjects that carry maximum weightage. Here are the essential suggestions for the CAPF exam.

  • For paper 1, you will need to learn about India’s past and present events.
  • It is also crucial to practice the proper usage of grammar. Generally, grammar books are categorized into 8th and 10th grade.
  • While studying for the exam, you should refer to the previous year’s question papers and take mock examinations.

If you want to score well in the CAPF exam, you must master the various subjects covered in the AC section. To prepare for the AC section, you must understand the exam syllabus. You should also practice as many sample papers as possible. You can also refer to the previous year’s question papers to better understand the questions asked in CAPF exams. Then, choose the appropriate books that cover the syllabus and the necessary topics.