The Moraceae family – often called the Mulberry family’s Banyan tree is India’s national tree. The union government of India adopted this Magnoliopsida class tree as a symbol of their national identity in 1950, the same year India adopted its constitution. The scientific name of the Banyan tree is Ficus benghalensis and it is native to the Indian subcontinent.
India adopted the Banyan tree as their national tree because it is a significant part of their cultural history. It is native to India and is mentioned in sacred Hindu texts i.e. Bhagwat Geeta. Also, it’s huge and widespread, and shelters various species of birds and other animals signifying the diversity of India. Therefore, it is the national tree of India.
|Scientific Name||Ficus benghalensis|
|Commonly Known as||The Indian Banyan Tree|
|Adopted as National Tree||in 1950|
|Found||All over the Indian subcontinent|
The Indian banyan tree is the national tree of India. It is a straight fact. But there is nothing straight when a country chooses something as its national identity. There are a lot of reasons and cultural and historical significance that are represented through a particular thing. That thing is valuable enough for the people of a country to associate their emotions and faith with. The same applies to the Indian banyan tree. It holds value and importance to the Indian people.
The scientific name of India’s national tree is Ficus benghalensis.
There are multiple reasons why the Banyan tree is the national tree of India: The Banyan tree is native to the Indian subcontinent. Its features seemingly symbolize Indian history, cultural diversity, and vastness. It is considered to be sacred in Hinduism and Buddhism. It is a part of the daily lives of people living in the villages of India.