BSc Courses: Full Form, Salary, Career Options List (Updated)

June 12, 2024
bsc courses

Quick Summary

  • BSc stands for Bachelors of Science.
  • BSc degrees are highly valued and can lead to a wide range of career opportunities in fields such as research, engineering, teaching and more.
  • Entry-level positions start at ₹ 243,750 per year, while most experienced workers make up to ₹2,160,000 per year.

Table of Contents

BSc (Bachelors of Science) is considered to be one of the safest career options in the science stream. It is an undergraduate degree awarded to students who have completed a program of study, typically focusing on scientific or technical disciplines. BSc courses are focused on different subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and even their subdomains (such as Microbiology, Biotechnology and Zoology).

In this article, we will explore the most popular BSc courses and delve into the career options after BSc. Discover the best BSc courses with high-salary prospects and unlock the potential that a career in science has to offer in shaping your professional journey.

What is BSc?

Full FormBachelor of Science 
Course LevelBachelor’s Degree /Undergraduate Course 
Duration3 – 4 Years  
Eligibility Criteria10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology or Mathematics 
AdmissionMerit-Based / Entrance Exam 
Course PatternSemester Wise / Yearly 

Bachelor of Science (BSc) is an academic undergraduate degree emphasizing on an analytical and research-oriented approach as compared to Bachelor of Arts programs, which may focus more on humanities and social sciences. It is one of the best career options for science students after 12th. This is a very popular choice among students who want to pursue their science and technology careers. BSc is a bachelor’s degree program in science at the undergraduate level.

Also, BSc can also be a pathway to higher studies and well-paying jobs, no matter which specialization you choose. It’s a great opportunity to consider it in your higher education, as this degree has numerous career options available in India.  

Why Study BSc Courses?

Studying for a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree offers numerous benefits, making it an attractive option for many students. Here are some reasons why studying B.Sc. can be advantageous:

  1. Specialized Knowledge: B.Sc. programs offer in-depth knowledge and understanding of specific scientific disciplines such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, computer science, environmental science, etc. This specialized knowledge can lead to exciting career opportunities in various fields.
  2. Versatile Career Options: Graduates with a B.Sc. degree have a wide range of career options available to them across industries such as healthcare, technology, research, education, environmental science, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, and many others.
  3. Research Opportunities: B.Sc. programs often involve research projects and opportunities for hands-on experimentation, providing students with valuable research skills and experiences. This can be particularly beneficial for those interested in pursuing careers in scientific research or academia.
  4. Problem-Solving Skills: Science education emphasizes critical thinking, analytical reasoning, and problem-solving skills, which are highly valued in today’s competitive job market. These skills are applicable not only in scientific fields but also in various other sectors.
  5. Innovation and Creativity: Studying science fosters creativity and innovation as students explore new ideas, theories, and solutions to complex problems. This creativity is essential for driving advancements in science and technology.

BSc Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for admission to Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) programs in India is as follows:

  1. Educational Qualifications: 50-60% marks in the qualifying exam for higher secondary education (10+2) from a recognized board, ideally with Physics, Chemistry and/or Maths/Biology.
  2. Entrance Exams: Some institutions and universities conduct entrance exams for admission to their B.Sc. programs, while others solely shortlist students based on merit.
  3. Age limit: No upper age limit (usually).

BSc Admission Process

The admission process for B.Sc. in foreign universities is as follows:

  • First of all, go to the official website of your chosen university and register. 
  • After registering on the university’s website, you will receive a username and password.
  • Then, after signing in to the website, select the BSc course you want to take.
  • Now choose your course, Academic Transcript, and personal statement.
  • After filling out the application form, make sure to submit it and pay the necessary application fee. The fee amount might be different for each university.

BSc Course Details

The BSc program is divided into general and honours degree programs. Both are the same, the only difference is that BSc generally focuses only on the major BSc subjects. It imparts foundational knowledge of the subjects to students. While the BSc honours course greatly emphasizes the specialization subject selected by students. Along with the foundation subjects, the honors program provides in-depth knowledge as well as practical training to students.  

The major subjects included in the BSc course are: 

  1. Physics 
  2. Chemistry 
  3. Biology 
  4. Mathematics 
  5. Statistics

However, you can also pursue BSc in other specializations.

Most In-demand BSc Courses

A wide variety of BSc courses are available for students who are interested in pursuing a career in the science domain. Students can find several enhanced career options in the science stream. Here are some of the popular BSc Courses with their respective career prospects and a salary estimate :  

BSc Courses: Career Options and Salary at a Glance

CoursesCareer OptionsApprox Salary (INR)
BSc Physics Physicist, Radiologist, Assistant Data Scientist 9.9 LPA 
BSc Chemistry Quality Controller, Laboratory Technician, Production, Chemist 6.76 LPA 
BSc Biology Molecular Biologist, Ecologist, Botanist 7.16 LPA 
BSc Mathematics Operational Researcher, Data Analyst, Research Scientist 8.7 LPA 
BSc Computer Science System Analyst, Database Administrator, Software Engineer 7.9 LPA 
BSc Nursing Industrial Nurse, Military Nurse, Nursing Executive 2.95 LPA 
BSc Agriculture Soil Quality Officer, Social Forestry Officer, Land Geomatics Surveyor 7.4 LPA 
BSc Psychology Psychiatrist, Counselor, Assistant, Clinical Psychologist 3.5 LPA 
BSc Nautical Science Quality Assurance Engineer, Building and Faculty Manager, Operations Director 4.20 LPA 
BSc Information Technology Hardware and Network Expert, Programmer, Computer Support Specialist 6.8 LPA 

1. BSc Physics

Bachelor of Science in Physics is one of the most common and popular BSc courses among students. This program teaches the fundamental aspects of physics to students. BSc physics aims at educating students about core topics like quantum mechanics, calculus semiconductors, electromagnetism, statistics, etc. There is a huge career and scope after BSc Physics.  


3 Years

Job Prospects

  • Physicist 
  • Radiologist Assistant 
  • Data Scientist 
  • Research Associate 
  • Professor 

Average Salary

The average salary after BSc in physics is INR 9.9 LPA.  

2. BSc Chemistry

Bachelor of Science in Chemistry is one of the most widely popular choices on the BSc course list. This program seeks to provide in-depth knowledge of the fundamentals of chemistry. It teaches the intricate details of the various element and matter around us, including their composition, structure, properties, behavior, etc. The BSc Chemistry physical course involves both theoretical knowledge and practical experiments. 


3 Years 

Job Prospects

  • Quality Controller  
  • Laboratory Technician 
  • Production Chemist 
  • Medical Technologist 
  • Biomedical Chemist

Average Salary

The average salary after BSc Chemistry is INR 6.76 LPA. 

3. BSc Biology

Bachelor of Science in Biology is one of the most demanding BSc courses among students. This program deals with the study of the physiology of both plants and animals. It also covers topics like anatomy, ecology, biotechnology, biochemistry, and many more. BSc Biology teaches students the principles of science and the study of organisms. 


3 Years  

Job Prospects

  • Molecular Biologist 
  • Ecologist 
  • Agriculture Consultant 
  • Botanist 
  • Microbiologist

Average Salary

The average salary after BSc biology is INR 7.16 LPA. 

4. BSc Mathematics

Another sophisticated BSc course is the Bachelor of Science in Mathematics. This program seeks to impart intricate mathematical skills and knowledge to students who aspire to delve deeper into the numeracy field. BSc Mathematics teaches several mathematical skills like algebra, calculus, data analysis, and many more.  


3 Years  

Job Prospects

  • Operational Researcher 
  • Data Analyst 
  • Research Scientist 
  • Financial / Investment Analyst 
  • Accountant 

Average Salary

The average salary after BSc in mathematics is INR 8.7 LPA. 

Recommended Read: Career Options for Commerce Students

5. BSc Computer Science

Bachelor of Science in Computer Science is another most sought-after BSc course. This program is highly oriented toward computer science and technology. It prepares you for the tech world, specifically relating to computers. BSc CS teaches core aspects of designing, programming, hardware, and software. If you are looking for a career in computer field, then BSc Computer Science can be the right choice for you. 


3 Years  

Job Prospects

  • System Analyst 
  • Database Administrator 
  • Software Engineer 
  • Computer Engineer 
  • Data Analyst 

Average Salary

The average salary after BSc in computer science is INR 7.9 LPA.  

Recommended Read: Top Computer Courses in India

6. BSc Nursing

Bachelor of Science in Nursing is one of the most popular medical science courses. This program aims at acquainting students with nursing care know-how. It develops students for professional nursing through theoretical knowledge, practical’s, and the necessary skills and values. BSc Nursing educates students about critical care and practices of nursing.  


4 Years 

Job Prospects

  • Industrial Nurse 
  • Military Nurse 
  • Nursing Executive 
  • Psychiatric Nurse 
  • Supervisor

Average Salary

The average salary after BSc Nursing is INR 2.95 LPA. 

7. BSc Agriculture

Bachelor of Science in Agriculture is one of the most sought-after BSc courses. This program aims at clinical research and practices involved in agricultural science. BSc agriculture involves dealing with multiple farming methods and disciplines like plant breeding and genetics. 


4 Years  

Job Prospects

  • Agricultural Officer 
  • Social Forestry Officer 
  • Soil Quality Officer 
  • Agriculture Analyst 
  • Land Geomatics Surveyor

Average Salary

The average salary after BSc Agriculture is INR 7.4 LPA.  

8. BSc Psychology

One of the most sophisticated courses in BSc is the Bachelor of Science in Psychology. This program focuses on the study of the mind, emotions, behavior, personality, social development, and individuality of a human being. BSc Psychology also deals with resolving mental issues and illness, crisis management abilities, and stress reduction of a person. 


3 Years  

Job Prospects 

  • Psychologist 
  • Mental Counsellor 
  • Assistant Clinical Psychologist 
  • Mental Health Practitioner 
  • Psychotherapist 

Average Salary

The average salary after BSc Psychology is INR 3.5 LPA.  

Editor’s Choice: How to Become a Psychologist in India- A Complete Guide

9. BSc Nautical Science 

BSc Nautical Science is one of the professional science programs at the undergraduate level. This course aims to deal with the basic academic and practical devices required for the safe navigation and operation of marine vehicles. 


3 Years 

Job Prospects

  • Operations Director 
  • Quality Assurance Engineer 
  • Marine Engineer 
  • Deck Officer 
  • Building and Faculty Manager 

Average Salary

The average salary after BSc Nautical Science is INR 4.20 LPA. 

Related Read: Merchant Navy Salary in India

10. BSc Information Technology 

Bachelor of Science in Information Technology is one of the most popular Information Technlogy courses. This program deals with the study of software, networking, and databases. BSc information technology is associated with imparting knowledge in the field of artificial intelligence and information technology.  


3 Years 

Job Prospects

  • Programmer 
  • Computer Information Specialist 
  • Hardware and Network Expert 
  • Computer Support Specialist 
  • Database Administrator 

Average Salary 

The average salary after BSc Information Technology is INR 6.8 LPA. 

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Benefits of Studying BSc After 12th

Let’s explore some benefits of pursuing BSc in India-

  • There are thousands of options available to science students after completing the Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree.
  • After doing this course, you can go for a master’s degree in science i.e. MSc, you can go into a research field. You can even do professional job-oriented courses.
  • Often, students are directly appointed for jobs by big MNCs after completing courses in some reputed universities or colleges in India and abroad.
  • You can continue your further studies and even if you are looking for a job, you can start your career after BSc.
  • Many career options are available it also provides deep advanced theoretical practical and research skills.
  • Your practical knowledge and skills increase.
  • By doing B.Sc, you get a better grip on mathematics and science, and this also helps you in preparing for competitive exams.

Courses after BSc (Complete List)

You might be wondering “after BSc which course is best? “After BSc, you can pursue various courses for your higher studies. There are numerous master’s and professional courses which can help you frame a prosperous career in some of the top-notch industries and boost your salary greatly. These courses can help you reach great heights in your career. 

Following are some of the popular courses after BSc: 

  • Master of Science (MSc) 
  • Master of Computer Application (MCA) 
  • Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) 
  • Master of Business Administration (MBA
  • Post-Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM) 
  • Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) 
  • Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS
  • Master of Law (LLM) 
  • Certification Course in Data Science
  • Certification Course in Machine Learning

Must Read: Detailed Comparison: BSc vs. BTech

Career Options after BSc Courses

BSc courses open up a plethora of employment opportunities for students in various industries. After completing your BSc in any field, there are many job opportunities available in India. These jobs offer exciting salary packages which increase greatly with the experience of the candidate. 

There are also several career opportunities after BSc in the government sector. You can also appear for several government exams after pursuing any BSc course. Government jobs offer some of the most reputed and prestigious designations to students. 

1. Jobs for BSc Graduates

Some of the popular job opportunities after BSc with an average salary are as follows: 

JobsAverage Salary (INR)
Data Scientist 11 LPA 
Technology Consultant 10 LPA 
Software Engineer7 LPA 
Machine Learning Engineer 9 LPA 
Business Analyst 8 LPA 
System Analyst 8.83 LPA 
Research Scientist 8.71 LPA 
Statistician 4.96 LPA 
Doctor 7.33 LPA 
Laboratory Technician 5.82 LPA 

2. Recruiters for BSc Graduates

The popular industries offering scope for BSc career options are: 

  • Biotechnology Firms 
  • Chemical Industry 
  • Industrial laboratories 
  • Research Firms 
  • Forensic Crime Research 
  • Food institutes 
  • Space Research Institutes 
  • Genetic Research 
  • Forest Services 
  • Biotechnology Industry 
  • Health care providers 
  • Agriculture Industry 
  • Oil Industry 
  • Testing Laboratories 
  • Wastewater Plants 
  • Geological Survey Departments 

BSc Courses: A Fascinating Career

BSc degree offers a wide spectrum of courses and career options to students who aspire to build a career in the science field. The science field is majorly related to innovation, invention, and technology, it offers a bright career scope to students in several high-end work areas. BSc provides students the opportunity to pursue their higher studies in the science domain. There are also various professional courses to pursue after BSc. These courses can help you uplift your knowledge and skills and grow more in your career. 

I hope this article presented you with a clear insight into the several BSc courses available and the prospective career options. 

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Frequently Asked Questions  

What are the job opportunities after BSc?

There are several career options and job opportunities after pursuing a bachelor of science (BSc) degree. Some of the popular job options after BSc are: 

1. Research Analyst
2. Statistician
3. Mathematician
4. Scientist

Which is the best job after BSc?

There are numerous astounding career options after BSc. You can find the most suitable job according to your specialization areas. Some of the best jobs after BSc are Technology Consultant, System Analyst, Data Scientist, Research Scientist, and Machine Learning Engineer. 

Is BSc a good career option?

Bachelor of science (BSc) is a 3 year course at the undergraduate level that aims at providing foundational knowledge of science and its elements to students. It offers a huge range of specialization areas including computer science, agriculture, aeronautics, and many more. There are several exciting job opportunities with handsome salary packages after BSc.

Which is the best course in BSc?

BSc course is offered in several specialization fields. It is 3 years undergraduate program in the science stream. Some of the best courses in BSc are: 

1. BSc Physics 
2. BSc Chemistry 
3. BSc Biology 
4. BSc Mathematics 
5. BSc Computer Science 
6. BSc Nursing

How many types of BSc are there?

BSc is a 3 years program at the undergraduate level. The BSc course is generally divided into two types – Honours and General. BSc general course provides the foundational knowledge of science whereas BSc honors provide students with advanced knowledge of science and the selected specialization subject.

Which BSc course has the highest salary? 

BSc provides a wide range of courses to students. BSc courses offer exciting salary packages however, BSc Physics tends to offer the highest salary. A BSc Physics graduate can earn an average salary of INR 9.18 lakhs per annum. 

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