Become a Police Officer in India after 12th: Stepwise Guide

March 13, 2024
Police officer

Quick Summary

  • Police Stands for Public Officer for Legal Investigations and Criminal Emergencies.
  • The most common exams that are conducted for appearing in the Police Officer course are SSC and UPSC.
  • The average salary range for a Police Officer is between INR 6,22,326 and INR 10,66,845 an year

Table of Contents

In every modern society, police officers are the representatives of the government. They help people conform to the law and order and protect the citizens’ rights. Also, it is their duty to ensure the enforcement of laws in the area under their scope. If you are aspiring to become a police officer in India, we have a complete stepwise guide to help you. The responsibilities and roles of a police officer are dynamic and multifaceted.

If you’re wondering how to become a police officer in India after 12th grade, keep reading.  

Career Overview: Police Officer

Parameters Details 
Eligibility 10+2  
Industry Law Enforcement and Public Safety 
Role Police Constable, Sub-Inspector, Deputy Superintendent, Superintendent, etc. 
Starting Salary  INR 4 Lakh 
Top recruiters CISF, BSF, CBI, CRPF 

Salary of Police Officers in India  

Every police officer in India must pay allegiance to the Constitution of India. As an officer, you must work according to the articles of the Constitution. If you are passionate about joining the police force, you must know its structure. The following are the types of police in India.   

Rank Responsibilities Average Annual Salary (INR) 
Constable Maintain law and order, patrol assigned areas, assist in investigations, crowd control, report writing, follow orders. 4 Lakh 
Sub-Inspector (SI) Investigate cases, supervise constables, gather evidence, interrogate suspects, maintain records, manage crime scenes. 7 Lakh 
Inspector Lead investigations, oversee SI’s work, manage crime scenes, coordinate with superiors, gather intelligence. 8 lakh 
Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) Manage law and order, supervise inspectors, handle sensitive cases, administrative duties. 10 Lakh 
Superintendent of Police (SP) Overall in-charge of a district, manage police force, report to higher officials. 18 Lakh 
Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) Oversee a range of departments, formulate policies, manage law enforcement strategies. 25 Lakh 
Director General of Police (DGP) Head of the state police force, responsible for overall law enforcement, policy implementation 30 Lakh 
Source: Ambitionbox

Related Read: Detailed Explanation on all the Police Ranks in India with Salaries

Police Officer Salary by Experience

Different categories of police officers in India come under different pay bands. The government of India decides the pay scale of the officers. The seniority and responsibilities of the recruited officer helped in making this decision.  

Here’s a general overview of the average salary for police officers in India based on experience: 

Experience (Years) Average Salary (INR) 
0-5 3-5 Lakh 
6-10 5-7 Lakh 
11-15 8–11 Lakh 
16-20 12 Lakh 
20+  13 Lakh+ 
Salary Source

Types of Police Officers

IPS Officer Ranks 

  • Director General of Police 
  • Addl. Director General of Police 
  • Inspector General of Police 
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police 
  • Superintendent of Police 
  • Addl. Superintendent of Police 

State Police Service Officers  

  • Superintendent of Police 
  • Addl. Superintendent of Police 
  • Deputy Superintendent of Police 

Eligibility for Becoming a Police Officer  

Police qualification requirements vary based on the post of your application. To get a police job after 12th grade, you must meet the basic requirements. The following table shows the general requirements for every post. But data may vary for reserved categories or the state of your application.  

Position  Age limit (in years) Educational qualifications Physical requirements  
Constable or Head Constable 18-25 10+2 About 155 cm for women and 165 for men 
Addl. Superintendent of Police 21-30 Graduation About 165 cm for men and 150 cm for women 
Sub Inspector or Assistant Sub Inspector  20-25 Graduation with at least 50% marks About 157 cm for women and 170 cm for men 

The qualification for some posts is not listed in the table. The respective departments are responsible for recruiting people for those posts through promotion.  

Steps to Become a Police Officer

Once you have graduated, you can apply for SSC, UPSC CSE, etc. and start preparing. Once you clear the exam, you’ll be shortlisted for a physical and a written test. Post that, you will be enrolled in police training for a minimum of 6 months, after which you can start your practice.

Below are the detailed steps to get a police job after 12th-

  1. Complete your graduation. This is an optional but recommended step. After 12th, you can only apply for a constable or head constable position whereas once you’re graduated, you can apply for a sub-inspector post and other higher positions.
  2. Apply for the Police Constable (PC) or Sub-Inspector (SI) exam. The exams are conducted by the state governments or the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The PC exam is for the post of constable, while the SI exam is for the post of sub-inspector.
  3. Clear the physical and written exams. The physical exam tests your stamina and strength, while the written exam tests your knowledge of general science, current affairs, and the police force. The physical exam usually includes a running test, a jumping test, and a lifting test. The written exam usually includes a multiple-choice test and a descriptive test.
  4. Go through the training. If you clear the exams, you will be called for training at a police academy. The training period is usually 6 months to 1 year. The training will teach you the basics of police work, such as law enforcement, investigation, and crowd control.
  5. Get posted as a police officer. After completing the training, you will be posted as a police officer in a police station or other law enforcement agency. Your first posting will likely be as a constable. You can then apply for the SI exam after gaining some experience.

How to Become a Police Officer in India

To become a police officer in India, after passing 12th, you can apply for the post of constable via your state-level recruitment exams. The alternative way is to complete your graduation and then directly apply for the post of sub-inspector by appearing for exams like CSE, SSC, and state-level police service exams.

How to Become a Police Officer after 12th 

Designation Eligibility Entrance Exams 
Constable  Age: 18-25 years  
Educational Qualification: 10+2  
State-level police recruitment exams 
Head Constable  Age: 18-25 years 
Educational Qualification: 10+2 or equivalent 
State-level police recruitment exams  

How to Become a Police Officer after Graduation 

Designation Entrance Exams 
Sub-Inspector (SI) SSC 
Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) State Police Service exams 
Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP) UPSC CSE 
Superintendent of Police (SP) UPSC CSE 

List of Entrance Exams to Become a Police Officer 

Entrance Exam Registration Dates Exam Dates Result Dates 
SSC CPO (Central Police Organizations) March 4, 20249th,10th and 13th May 2024.To be announced
SSC GD Constable Exam February 22, 2023 20th February to 12th March, 2024April-May 2024
UPSC Civil Services Exam (IPS) 14th February-6th March, 2024Prelims: 26th May
Mains: 20th September,2024
40-45 days after exams conducted
State Police Constable Recruitment Varies by State Varies by State Varies by State 

Apply for State-wise Police Recruitment:

UP Police Recruitment 2024: Latest News, Eligibility, Salary & Vacancies

Jharkhand Police Recruitment 2024: Latest News, Eligibility, Salary & Vacancies

Andhra Pradesh Police Recruitment 2024: Latest News, Eligibility, Salary & Vacancy

Telangana Police Recruitment 2024: Latest News, Eligibility, Salary & Vacancies

Assam Police Recruitment 2024: Latest News, Eligibility, Salary & Vacancies

Skills Required to be a Police Officer  

When you hear “Police Officer”, bravery is the first word to flash in your mind. As they are the defenders of peace in society, officers must be courageous.  

Apart from the essential police officer qualification, you must have the following qualities.  


Understanding the Constitution and the law is important for an officer. Based on its framework, you must have a strong sense of ethics. This includes morality. You can learn the law. But you must ingrain morality in your character to become a good officer. With the balance of law and morality, you can become a respected officer.  


In extreme situations, you must be bold to make the right decisions. The police courses and training will teach you the theory of dealing with situations. But the training cannot teach you to be firm in your decision. You must assert your position. Take charge of the circumstances. Explain the course of action to your subordinates. 


Courage is the primary skill of any police officer. With this skill, you have the ability to face dangerous situations. In your daily responsibility as a police officer, you will face criminals.  

These could include dangerous terrorists or financial criminals. Dealing with such enemies requires determination and courage.  

A Part-time Job that Pays like Full-time


Winning a battle requires teamwork. During your career as a police officer, you will be working on several projects. Generally, the deadline for dealing with every case would be short. Instead of relying on your capabilities, you will have to seek help from subordinates. Their individual skills and experience will reduce your response time. It will also increase the efficiency of your end results.  


As a protector of civil laws, a police officer must understand emotions. Sensitivity to the needs of locals helps in understanding the root cause of crimes. With this knowledge, it becomes easy to eradicate them from their roots. Also, by empathizing with a criminal, you can encourage them to reveal sensitive information.  


In the previous sub-section, you saw the importance of teamwork. But, there must be minimal friction in the team to get the desired results. If you are a good leader, problem-solving ability comes naturally to you.  

What’s Next as an Indian Police Officer?

Whether you’re thinking of how to become a DSP or SI after 12th grade, this article explains the eligibility conditions and salaries of various police officers. To become a Junior Grade Police Constable, you must qualify for the 12th-grade exams and clear the required entrance tests.

After becoming an Indian Police Officer, you can have a long and rewarding career in law enforcement. Furthermore, you can get promoted to the following posts as per your calibre-

  • Superintendent of Police 
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police 
  • Inspector-General of Police 
  • Addl. Director General of Police 
  • Director-General of Police 

A police officer is also qualified to become a CBI Officer as well. All in all, a police officer is one of the most reputed jobs in the country. This guide summarizes how to become a police officer after class 12th.

Evaluate numerous career choices to choose the right career path for yourself. Dive into our guide on Career Advice.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the different paths to becoming a police officer in India?  

To become a police officer in India, you can take one of the following routes.  
1. State or Provincial Recruitment exams 
2. UPSC CSE exams 

What is the minimum age requirement to become a police officer in India?  

You must at least be 21 years old to become a police officer in India. However, the lower age limits vary for different positions.  

What are the physical requirements to become a police officer in India?   

The physical requirements for becoming a police officer in India vary. The upper and lower limits are decided based on the state of your application and the post. If you’re aiming to become an IPS officer, your height as a woman must at least be 150 cm. On the contrary, men must at least be 165 cm long. 

What is the duration of the training to become a police officer in India?    

The duration of the Phase-I training for an IPS officer is 11 months. This training is conducted at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy. After this, you are assigned your cadre. Based on this cadre, you will undergo a District training of 6 months.

What courses are available to become a police officer in India?  

Aspiring police officers in India can take up several graduation-level courses. Criminology, Sociology, Public Administration, Law, and Criminal Justice. These can be your branches of study. 

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