Bachelor's Degree in India

Students when in their class 10, have various ideas in their mind while choosing a stream. Some choose either science, while others opt for commerce and some others go for arts as a career option.

Students sometimes choose science with the ambition of pursuing the field of medicine which has other career options available as well. For instance, one can become a doctor or a dentist. While some others have the ambition of becoming engineers.

Additionally, there are candidates who want to pursue careers in other professional avenues. For such students, a bachelor’s degree opens doors to pursue professions in various streams.

In addition to this, choosing the right stream is also important for the student. For instance, one can switch from science to commerce or arts. On the other hand, an arts student cannot switch to the science stream.

Therefore, if a student has taken up science as an option in the 10+2, then they can either do a bachelor’s in engineering (B.Tech) and choose to do a Master in business Administration. Otherwise, a student can opt out of the science stream after completion of class 12. Then choose whichever course he or she wants.

Table of Contents

What is a Bachelor’s Degree?

A bachelor’s degree is an undergraduate degree. Different universities and colleges award this degree to the students who complete the program successfully. This program derives its name from the Latin word. In the middle Latin bachelor’s is known as baccalaureus. Similarly, it is known as baccalaureates in modern Latin.

In the 12th Century, the term bachelor meant a knight bachelor. This was an indication that the person was either too young or too poor to collect his own vassals beneath his own banner. The term bachelor’s came to in use by junior members of guilds or universities towards the end of the 13th century.

The middle Latin word baccalaureus was referred in terms of bacca lauri. The term bacca lauri means laurel berry. This means laurels. Laurels are given for people who achieve academic success or honors.

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Most of the world is under the influence of the British education system. Under this system, even here in India, the bachelor’s degree is seen in two parts or categories. One is bachelor’s degree with honors added to it.

While the other is just or an ordinary or general bachelor’s degree. There is more coursework in comparison to the general bachelor’s degree. There is a specialist subject while pursuing the honors program in bachelor’s. In addition to the specialized subject, there are other basic subjects as well.

Definition of Bachelor’s 

If one has to refer to the dictionary, then there are many definitions to the word bachelor’s degree. The Thesaurus refers to bachelor’s degree as degree awarded by a college or a university to a person who has done the successful completion of the undergraduate studies.

The very well – known Merriam – Webster dictionary states that the bachelor’s degree is a degree given to a student by a college or university usually after four years of study.

The most popular Longman dictionary of Contemporary English explains it as a first university degree, such as BA, BS or B.Sc.  The most prominent Cambridge dictionary states the meaning of the bachelor’s degree as a first degree at a college or a university.

More Definitions

Then we have the most notable and famed dictionary of all, that is, the Oxford dictionary. The world’s most established dictionary states the meaning of bachelor’s degree as the first degree that get when you study at a university.

The roots of the word bachelors’ dates back to the Latin period. According to the medieval Latin, it was known as baccalaureus. This means student with the first degree. The bachelor’s degree is also known as university degree of a bachelor which is also denoted as baccalaureate.

Scope of Bachelor’s in India 

Bachelor’s degree opens up various avenues for candidates who wish to pursue courses in different streams. For instance, students who have taken up commerce as an option have an understanding a wide array of subjects. These include accountancy, economics, business studies etc to name a few.

Students can work in the banking industry or in other industries as accountants. They also have a chance to work as traders in the stock market.

Similarly, the candidates also have the chance to work as bookkeepers, securities analysts, treasurers, cashiers in different professional areas. Candidates can also work as consultants taking responsibility of projects both short term and long term.

In addition to this, the holders of bachelor’s degree can also work as sales manager, sales executive in any organization. The salary ranges generally between INR 200,000 and INR 900,000.

More on Scope

Students who have taken up arts as a stream also have a variety of options to choose from. Candidates who done bachelor’s degree in arts have knowledge in a variety of subjects. Career opportunities are at one’s fingertips in multiple fields for these candidates.

Candidates can work as operations manager, content writers, operations team leader, etc in different industries. They also have the opportunity to work in the marketing field, human resource fields as well.

These students with bachelor’s degree can also work as executive assistants, business development managers in different organizations both public and private.

These candidates can also enter the field of graphic designing, professional writing, civil services, broadcast as well. In addition to this, they can also work in the areas of social work, civil services, public planning just to name a few.

The salary for these individuals generally ranges in between INR 200,000 to INR 900,000.

More elaboration on Scope of Bachelor’s Degree

Students who have taken up science as an option at the bachelor’s degree level have various options to pursue. They have the knowledge of a different subjects. For instance, physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, zoology just to name a few. After the successful completion of the bachelor’s degree, a candidate can work in research related areas. Also, once can opt for careers in the IT industry.

The doors of the animation industry also open for these students. Apart from this, they can look for jobs in other technical fields, business and also marketing fields. Students not just have the choice to work in private industry but also in Government sectors.

Students also have the option to work in industrial laboratories, food institutes, diagnostic laboratories, agriculture research, genetic research, etc. The doors to work in wastewater plants, disease research, forensic crime research also open for these candidates.

In addition to this, students can also work in the biotechnology industry, hospitals, seed and nursery companies etc to name a few. The salary for these candidates ranges between 200,000 to INR 10,00,000.

Duration of Bachelor’s in India 

The Indian education system is found on the basis of the British education system. Firstly, students compete ten years of primary and secondary education. Then they move on to conclude the two years of higher secondary education.

There are universities and colleges which are the heart of the higher education studies in India. Universities and colleges in India impart higher education in the fields of arts, commerce and science.

Students in India complete the bachelor’s degree in a span of three years. The duration of the course is three years. Students, hence, who successfully complete this three-year program earn either the Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of commerce or Bachelor of Science or the Bachelor of business management.

Selection Criteria for Bachelor’s in India 

Students who want to excel in their careers need to have the necessary skills for pursuing the bachelor’s program. These students in the future either take up courses in other professional degrees or take up jobs in various industries. For this purpose, they need to have various skills.

Firstly, they should have good numerical skills. Secondly, they need to have the ability to grasp concepts really quick. Thirdly, their thinking prowess also has to be extremely swift. Fourthly, their hold on the subjects has to be really strong.

In addition to this, they should also have the ability to accept criticism and work extremely hard. Additionally, the students should also have good reasoning and analytical capacity. Besides this, the candidates should also be able to work under pressure.

The following are some of the basic selection criterions for a bachelor’s degree:

Language Proficiency 

Language is the most important medium for students to learn and understand any course in India. Our country has been most of the time under the rule of foreigners. But for two hundred years, the country was ruled by the Britishers.

During this period, English became the medium of instruction in all spheres. It still continues to be an indispensable part of the medium of instruction as well as the professional sphere in India.

Even though the national language is Hindi, but it is not spoken in most parts in India. Hence, even the Constitution of India has recognized both Hindi and English as the official languages in India.

More information on Language Proficiency

Even though there are multiple regional languages and a national language, one must be proficient in English language. A student should have good command over this language as this is the medium of communication not just in our country but also across the globe.

If a student has to succeed in the professional sphere, a good hold over the English language is necessary. Therefore, a student who wants to pursue a course in bachelor’s degree needs to be proficient in the English language.

All the major entrance tests, as well as the exams in the universities or colleges, are conducted with English as the medium of instruction. Hence, a candidate has to be proficient in the English language.

Academic Details 

There are courses given in various disciplines in India for the bachelor’s degree. These disciplines include arts, commerce, science, and business management. For instance, in arts, courses include literature, economics, history, philosophy, political science, journalism, psychology, public administration and many more.

Bachelor of commerce for example offers fewer specializations. These include cost accounting, e -commerce, taxation, marketing, advertising, sales, finance, law, business economics, to name a just few.

The Specializations in Bachelor of science include physics, chemistry, biology, computer science, information technology, environmental science, mathematics, etc are a few of the.

Then there are the courses in BBA/BMS which include specializations in human resource management, finance, marketing, etc are a few examples that are given.

Eligibility of Bachelor’s in India 

The bachelor’s degree is one of the most popular among all the courses in India. Students pursue this course after completing their class 12. Candidates who want to go further studies or want to pursue a professional life after completing this course also go for this course.

This degree gives the students the much-needed push to pursue their goals in the future. After completion of the class 12, many students wonder as to what the eligibility for is for getting admission into this course.

They look for a variety of references and also look for options as to which specialization will give them the edge in the future over the others.

More on Eligibility Criteria

The following lists out the eligibility criteria for pursuing the course in bachelor’s degree:

  • Completion of Class 12: A student needs to complete class 12 if they want to gain admission into this course. The class 12 needs to be completed from a recognized school or institution. Especially from Central board of secondary education or Indian certificate of Secondary education.
  • 50 percent marks in class 12: The students in class 12 have to secure at least 50 percent in the higher secondary examination. 5 percent relaxation is given to students from the backward classes in some universities or colleges.
  • Entrance exams: Some colleges or universities in India conduct various exams for students to gain admission into the bachelor’s courses. For instance, if a student has to gain admission into B.Sc course then there are different entrance exams offered by different universities or colleges. For example, the Banaras Hindu University conducts the BHU UET examination for candidates to gain admission into the B.Sc courses. The Aligargh Muslim University (AMU) conducts the ALigargh Muslim University (AMUEE) for admission to Bachelor of Science degree.

More on Eligibility

Similarly, the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) conducts the Jawaharlal Nehru University entrance exam (JNUEE) for the students to gain admission into various undergraduate courses, post graduate courses and integrated courses in the university. On similar line there are many colleges in India which conduct entrance exams for the students to gain admission into bachelor’s degree.

College like Narsee Monjee Institute of Management studies (NMIMS) conduct Monjee Institute of Management studies National Test for Programs after Twelfth (NMIMS NPAT). This exam is conducted for admission to courses like Bachelor of arts and Bachelor of Science.

Interview for the bachelor’s degree:

A simple handshake can make or break the rapport with the interviewer. The student before going for an admission interview must research about the college or the university.

A student should also evaluate about what the college can offer can them. If one has to make a good impression on the interviewer, the individual has to dress neat, proper, clean and follow the formal dress code. One has to be punctual. A candidate has to be at least 15 minutes early to the interview. Also, remember to smile, maintain eye contact, and always be attentive to the questions that the interviewer asks.

Tips for Interview

Always maintain good manners by being polite and greeting the interviewer with a bright and confident smile. Apart from this, the student has to be prepared for the interview questions which range from basic to academic to even general questions. If the candidate has any work experience, then the interviewer may show interest in that area as well.

The candidate should be sure enough to steer the interview towards their strength. The interviewer may ask questions about the student’s skills that the candidate possess.

Also, the person interviewing the student may ask questions about the weaknesses of the candidate. The students need to prepare themselves for these questions. Towards the end, if the candidates have any questions, they can ask the interviewer and clarify any doubts if they have any.

Merit List for Bachelor’s degree

The students give the class 12 examinations. After this, they sit for the entrance exams which are conducted by some colleges or universities in the country. On the basis of the entrance test, the college or the university prepares the merit list for the students. This depends on the marks that they obtain in each of these sections of the entrance exam. In some colleges or universities, they take into consideration not just the marks that the students obtain in the entrance exams but also the category that they belong to.

If the student belongs to the scheduled caste, scheduled tribe, OBC, the candidate will receive the reservation accordingly. A certain percentage of the seats are kept for reservation for these students.

More on merit list

Once the merit list is released by the college or the university, the students have to attend the counselling session for them to gain admission. Students have to attend counselling session to secure seats in the college or the university. Students will be given a designated time and date.

Candidates have to get the verification of their document done in the counselling session. After the verification of the documents, the students have to pay the admission fee and secure their seat at the college or the university.

The candidates need to carry different documents as per the specification of the college or the university. The candidates have to bring their class 10 and class 12 marksheets. In addition to this, they have to bring their valid ID proof.

Additionally, they have to get the caste certificate, transfer certificate and conduct certificate. Some universities or colleges require some other extra certificates to be brought in by the students when coming admission and counselling sessions.

What to Study After Bachelor’s? 

The bachelor’s degree with evolving time has become a basic and a common degree. Therefore, to grab further opportunities, one has to do professional courses after the undergraduate course.  Students in order to remain in today’s competitive world, have to pursue further education.

Candidates should think about their careers right after their class 12. They must think as to what their future will look like and what their ultimate goal will be. A post – graduation undoubtedly adds an advantage to an individual’s resume.

The following are a list of courses which can be pursued by a holder of the bachelor’s degree.

List of Top Courses after completion of BA

This list comprises of the courses that a graduate with the bachelor degree in arts can pursue in the future:

MA in Languages:

Master of Arts in languages is a course that students can take up after the completion of the bachelor’s degree in arts. This program focuses on the study of various international languages. The students also study the culture and history of the country along with the language.

This helps to make the understand about other languages, cultures, and history. This helps to build connection between societies. It also makes the world a better, smaller, and open place to live in.

Students can learn popular international languages such as French, German, Spanish, and also, they can explore old and ancient languages like Sanskrit, Arabic, Greek, etc. Graduates in languages can become translators, teachers, historians, researchers, etc in the future.

MA in humanities and social sciences:

This course is an interdisciplinary course. It is done for a period of two years. There is a wide array of subjects that students learn. For instance, subjects suh as media, sociology, art literature, psychology etc are part of the course.

Apart from this, the students are given training involving human resource settings. Humanities, social science, and computer applications are covered. The candidates gather social and emotional intelligence as well as leadership skills while pursuing this course. This prepares them well for the future.  They also understand the social and economic concepts which they can apply for the benefits of the society.

MA in economics:

This is the most talked about course after a student completes their bachelor in arts degree. This course gives the students an insight into the financial and economic industry in the country. They develop the appropriate skills necessary for their further growth and development. This course teaches the students with all the economic principles.

Not just ancient but also modern economic principles are taught to students. This course also develops the way students understand the various concepts of the economy. They also get a grip over the developments of the world economy. This course also helps a a student understand the financial trends. It can also lead to high paying jobs for the students in the future.

MA in political Science:

Master in Political science is a post graduate course with two years of duration. This course makes the students knowledgeable in national and international politics. Students who want to make a career in politics, governance, public management etc can pursue this course. The students in this course analyze the political system, and the political behavior.

They also try to understand the political practices in theory as well as practically. This course also covers the national and international political systems. It not just covers the modern day politics but also the historical politics.

Students in this course also understand the political decisions, procedures and policies, international affairs, public affairs and various other governance systems.

Master of Business Administration:

This is a post graduate degree which basically focuses on the business and investment management. It covers various spheres such as management, human resources, finance, marketing, economics, business ethics, law, entrepreneurship, supply chain management and many more.

The holder of this degree can focus on his areas of specialization such as finance, marketing etc. Students get a better understanding of the general business management decisions.

There is executive MBA which is specifically designed for professionals. Then there is distance learning programs as well. This course basically focuses on leadership, management, planning, business strategy, and many more other aspects as well.

List of Top Courses after B.Com

The following list includes the course that one student can pursue after the completion of bachelor’s  degree in commerce:

Chartered Accountancy:

The person who is the holder of this degree becomes a professional practitioner. They practice in various subjects such as accounting, taxation, auditing. They also conduct financial assessment for an individual or a company. The designation of chartered accountancy is given by the Institute of Chartered accountants of India (ICAI).

A chartered accountant files tax returns, audits financial statements of the individuals or companies. They also review, prepare, and maintain the financial reports and documents of companies and individuals.

These individuals also provide advisory services to clients. Students can either pursue this course after completing their class 12 along with their bachelor’s degree or they can also pursue it after the completion of the bachelor’s degree.

PGDM in Financial management:

The post graduate diploma In financial management is a course which is more industry centric. In this course, the students learn all about financial management. This is most important for any company as a whole. It has a scope for a high paying and long lasting career in the industry. It has the same duration as a MBA course. Students can enter into the ever expanding financial industry.

Business accounting and taxation:

This course is also known as BAT. This course can be completed within a period of 3 to 6 months. This is designed for students whose core areas of interests are finance and taxation. Students get introduced to both the concepts of direct and indirect taxation.

They are also exposed to advanced excel, practical accounting as well as to gods and services tax. This helps students in becoming industry ready accounting professional. The modules of the program are structured, designed and curated by industry experts.

Company Secretary:

The students who want to join this course can opt to join either after completing class 12 or they can join after the completion of the bachelor’s degree. The program can be pursued students from any stream except for the fine arts. The subjects vary from business environment, law, business economics, accounting, company law, taxation, ethics, entrepreneurship, financial management, information technology etc. students learn a wide array of subjects in this course.

Certified financial analyst:

This program is worth it for any student who wants to pursue a course in investments or financial management. This course has three levels for the students to pass. Each level has its own level of difficulty. The students have to pass these three levels to become charter holders. In addition to this, they need to provide work experience letters along with references.

Master of Commerce:

This course is suitable for students who wish to pursue courses in commerce, banking and finance. This is a two year course. It gives the student a better understanding of the financial sectors, economy, trade and commerce. This is a very specialized course. Therefore, students who have completed their course in Bachelor of commerce can pursue this course. Students need to have love towards numbers and sharp analytical skills. They should also have sharp communication skills.

Master of Business Administration:

This is a post graduate degree which basically focuses on the business and investment management. It covers various spheres such as management, human resources, finance, marketing, economics, business ethics, law, entrepreneurship, supply chain management and many more. The holder of this degree can focus on his areas of specialization such as finance, marketing etc. Students get a better understanding of the general business management decisions. There is executive MBA which is specifically designed for professionals. Then there is distance learning programs as well. This course basically focuses on leadership, management, planning, business strategy, and many more other aspects as well.

List of top courses after B.Sc

The list below comprises of the top courses after completion of the bachelor’s degree course in  Science:

Master of Science:

This is a two year course. It is offered by universities or colleges in a wide array of subjects. For instance, biology, botany, chemistry, mathematics, microbiology, etc. This course provides students scientific and professional competence. Not just this, it also equips them with theoretical and practical knowledge. The course curriculum includes physics, chemistry, statistics, etc just to name a few.

Master of computer applications:

Students who are who keen interest in the areas of computer application and programming language can go for this course. Candidates can develop faster and better language by opting for this course. This provides students with not just theoretical but also practical knowledge. In India students can pursue this course full time as well as part time.

Post graduate program in management:

The post graduate diploma in management is a course which is more industry centric. In this course, the students learn all about management. This is most important for any company as a whole. It has a scope for a high paying and long lasting career in the industry. It has the same duration as a MBA course. Students can enter into the ever growing leadership sphere of the industry.

Master of Business Administration:

This is a post graduate degree which basically focuses on the business and investment management. It covers various spheres such as management, human resources, finance, marketing, economics, business ethics, law, entrepreneurship, supply chain management and many more. The holder of this degree can focus on his areas of specialization such as finance, marketing etc. Students get a better understanding of the general business management decisions. There is executive MBA which is specifically designed for professionals. Then there is distance learning programs as well. This course basically focuses on leadership, management, planning, business strategy, and many more other aspects as well.

Admission Process for Bachelor’s Degree in India

Students for the bachelor’s degree can pursue this course both by entrance exams as well as Class 12 examination marks. Candidates are given admission on the basis of the marks and the merit that they achieve in these exams.

Students need to follow certain rules which the university or college will mention. They have to follow these guidelines. There is a procedure which the students have to follow to get admission into the college which they want.

The students have to follow the important dates as mentioned by the college or the university. They have to follow the website of the respective college or university so that they do not miss out on any given date.

More on admission Process

The admission process that the students need to follow is as follows:

  • First of all, the students have to clear the Class 12 examination with a minimum of 50 percent marks. The candidate has to pass this exam from a reputed college or university.
  • The student then has to apply for the bachelor’s course they wish to pursue.
  • They can choose from a variety of subjects for specialization.
  • Then the candidates have to look out for the dates of entrance examination and appear for the entrance exams effectively.
  • After appearing for the entrance exams, they have to attend the group discussion and interview rounds confidently.
  • In some colleges or universities, students also have to appear for another round of written test which is also known as written ability test.
  • Finally, once the colleges or universities put out the merit list, the students should for the admission and secure their seats.

List of Popular Bachelor’s Courses in India 

Many students face a dilemma after completing class 12 as to which course to apply. Students mostly lack information about the courses they wish to pursue. They find themselves in troubling waters when they have to choose between arts, commerce, and science.

Students and parents sometimes stand poles apart when they have to make the career choices. Candidates know that they have to do Master of Business Administration but they do not know which undergraduate degree they have choose from as there are a platter of degrees to choose from.

Bachelor’s Degree of Arts – top courses (2021)

Bachelor of business administration

Bachelor of management science

Bachelor degree of fine arts

Bachelor’s degree of event management

Bachelor of arts and LLB

Bachelor of fashion designing

Bachelor’s degree of social work

Bachelor of business studies

Bachelor in history

Bachelor of performing arts

Bachelor of travel and tourism management

Bachelor of hospitality and hotel administration

Degree in Bachelor of Science – top courses (2021)

B.Sc in nutrition and dietetics

Bachelor of physiotherapy

B. Sc in physics

B.Sc in chemistry

B.Sc in mathematics

B.Sc in applied geology

Animation, graphics, and multimedia

Bachelor of science in liberal arts

B.Sc nursing

B.Sc in interior design

Bachelor of Commerce – top courses (2021)

B.Com Honors

Bachelor of business administration

B.Com Honors in economics

Integrated law program – B.Com LLB

Integrated law program – BBA LLB

 

Top Entrance Exams for Bachelor’s in India 

Students prefer to apply for different streams while pursuing bachelor’s courses. Candidates have to be well prepared for these exams.  sometimes, students attend various coaching classes in preparation for these exams. They sit day in and day out in preparation for these exams. Students even go through previous question papers if they are available online. Below is a list which provides a list of entrance examinations according to the courses the students wish to pursue.

Entrance Exams for Bachelor’s in Science Stream 

The BHU UET:

The Banaras hindu university conducts the banaras hindu university undergraduate entrance test for students who wish to opt for a course in bachelor in science. BHU was founded in the year 1916. This college offers courses in various streams. It also promotes research and learning in the field of arts and sciences. There are certain eligibility criteria which the students have to meet. Failing which, the students will not be able to give the entrance examination. Candidates must pass the class 12 exams with a minimum of at least 50 percent marks. They should not be more than 22 years of age at the time of giving the exam. The students should be able to provide their original marks sheet when asked for. This exam is a multiple choice based question. There will be a total questions of 150 questions depending on the course. The duration is of 2 hours.

Aligarh Muslim university entrance exam (AMUEE):

Aligarh muslim university is one of the top universities in the country. The university contains students from different backgrounds. The exam will be held in offline mode. Students from all over the country can apply for courses in this university. They can appear for this exam. Candidates must pass the class 12 exams with a minimum of at least 50 percent marks. They should not be more than 22 years of age at the time of giving the exam. It is a 3 hour paper.there is a negative marking wrong answers. There will a total of 3 sections. – physics, chemistry, and biology.

OUAT Entrance exam:

This exam is conducted by the Odisha university of agriculture and Technology. This particular exam can help a student gain admission into B.Sc Agriculture, forestry, horticulture, home science, etc. The last date for the application is August 31. Candidates must pass the class 12 exams with a minimum of at least 50 percent marks. Candidates who are staying outside Odisha, if they want to give this exam they should furnish a certificate confirming their Odisha origin. This exam is for a total of 2 hours with 200 questions.

IISER Aptitude test:

This test is conducted by the Indian Institute of science education and research. It is pen and paper based exam. The test is conducted through three channels. One is Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY). The other one is Joint entrance Examination of Indian Institute of Technology (JEE advanced) and the last one is state and central boards channel (SCB). It is a multiple choice question paper with a total of 60 questions. There are 4 sections. The student has time to complete it within 3 hours.

Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination (JCECE):

This is not a national level but a state level examination for candidates who wish to take admission in Jharkhand. Applicants need to pass the class 12 exam with a minimum of marks. They should not be more than 22 years of age at the time of giving the exam. The candidate must show that he or she are local residents of the state. It is a multiple choice question paper. There are 4 sections. The student has time to complete it within 3 hours for PCM/PCB group and 4 hours for PCMB group.

Entrance Exams for Bachelor’s in Arts Stream 

The BHU UET:

The Banaras Hindu university conducts the Banaras Hindu university undergraduate entrance test for students who wish to opt for a course in bachelor in arts. BHU was founded in the year 1916. This college offers courses in various streams. It also promotes research and learning in the field of arts and sciences. There are certain eligibility criteria which the students have to meet. Failing which, the students will not be able to give the entrance examination. Candidates must pass the class 12 exams with a minimum of at least 50 percent marks. They should not be more than 22 years of age at the time of giving the exam. The students should be able to provide their original marks sheet when asked for. This exam is a multiple choice based question. There will be a total questions of 150 questions depending on the course. The duration is of 2 hours.

NPAT:

National Test for Program after Twelfth: This exam is also called as the NMIMS NPAT. It is conducted by the Narsee Monjee Institute of Management studies. This is conducted online due to the Covid cases. It is a national entrance test. The duration of the exam is two hours. It is conducted in the English language. Candidates must pass the class 12 exams with a minimum of at least 50 percent marks. They should not be more than 25 years of age at the time of giving the exam.

CUCET: 

This is an entrance exam for the various undergraduate courses. It is conducted by participating central universities. It is central universities common entrance test. This exam is a single window of opportunity for students who want to gain admission into various undergraduate courses. There are total of 100 questions in the examination out of which 25 questions will be from part A and the rest 75 will be from part B of the question paper.

JNUEE:

This exam is conducted by the Jawaharlal Nehru university for the different undergraduate courses. The exam will include 70 marks multiple choice questions. Then there re the 30 marks viva. The students will receive the admit cards 15 days before the exams.

DSAT:

This is known as the Dayanand Sagar Admission test. Exams are held in both online and offline modes. Registration fee is payable and it is no – refundable. It is an objective based question. It has multiple choices. But there are no negative marking for the wrong answers. This is again a multiple choice based question paper comprising of 100 questions. Students have to complete this within a duration of 2 hours.

Entrance Exams for Bachelor’s in Commerce Stream 

  • The BHU UET: The Banaras hindu university conducts the banaras hindu university undergraduate entrance test for students who wish to opt for a course in bachelor in commerce. BHU was founded in the year 1916. This college offers courses in various streams. It also promotes research and learning in the field of arts and sciences. There are certain eligibility criteria which the students have to meet. Failing which, the students will not be able to give the entrance examination. Candidates must pass the class 12 exams with a minimum of at least 50 percent marks. They should not be more than 22 years of age at the time of giving the exam. The students should be able to provide their original marks sheet when asked for. This exam is a multiple choice based question. There will be a total questions of 150 questions depending on the course. The duration is of 2 hours.
  • CUCET: This is an entrance exam for the various undergraduate courses. It is conducted by participating central universities. It is central universities common entrance test. This exam is a single window of opportunity for students who want to gain admission into various undergraduate courses. There are total of 100 questions in the examination out of which 25 questions will be from part A and the rest 75 will be from part B of the question paper.
  • JNUEE: This exam is conducted by the Jawaharlal Nehru university for the different undergraduate courses. The exam will include 70 marks multiple choice questions. Then there re the 30 marks viva. The students will receive the admit cards 15 days before the exams.
  • DSAT: This is known as the Dayanand Sagar Admission test. Exams are held in both online and offline modes. Registration fee is payable and it is no – refundable. It is an objective based question. It has multiple choices. But there are no negative marking for the wrong answers. This is again a multiple choice based question paper comprising of 100 questions. Students have to complete this within a duration of 2 hours.
  • AUAT: This entrance examination is conducted by the Aliah university for admission to various undergraduate courses. The mode of the exam is offline. The medium of instruction is English. There are two sections in the exam. There are about 100 questions depending on the course.

Types of Bachelor’s in India 

Students in India have the option to pursue the courses in different formats. Candidates can either go for full time courses or pursue part time courses to complete their education. These courses are pursued by students after the completion of their class 12. They can go for the part time option if they have to pursue their professional careers. For instance if they want to go for a job they can opt for the part time options. There are these programs which provide lot of flexibility to the students when pursuing the courses.

The following are the types of bachelor’s degree courses which students pursue:

Full Time Bachelor’s Course

Traditionally most of the courses are designed for the students to attend full time college. they need to attend certain amount of credit in the colleges. This marks their attendance. Classes are held in regular working days. Students have to regularly attend these classes so as to maintain a certain percentage of attendance in the college. This is a requirement as this will be taken into consideration when students have to sit for their final exams. This pattern of study is most useful for candidates who do not have to go outside for after college.

Part-time Bachelor’s Course

This kind of course is important for those students who intend to work after college hours. Part time is a blessing for some students. Classes generally take place in the evening. It is offered in almost all colleges and universities. This provides affordability in terms of fee structure to students as well. It makes the students juggle between college life and professional life. There is also balancing of priorities. It makes learning more relaxing and interesting. Housewives, drop outs, working professionals can take the advantage of part time education.

Bachelor’s Fees in India 

The fee structure in India varies from universities to universities. It also varies between colleges. The fee structure also varies between public and private universities. The fees is different for different institutions.

It also depends on the category to which a student belongs to. There will be a fee waiver if the student belongs to certain backward section of the society.  All these things have to be understood before a candidate applies to a certain university or college.

In the rural areas the fee structure for bachelor’s degree in any stream is less comparatively to fees in urban areas. In the metropolitan cities, the fees is bound to rise many a times.

More on the Fees

The students have to shell out lot of money sometimes in some reputed colleges. If the students score well in the entrance exams, then on the basis of this, they need to see if they qualify for merit.

If they do qualify for merit, then there are various scholarships for all students irrespective of gender or class or creed. Some scholarships are available for girls only. These are there to support the education among women.

Not just at scholarships, one can also look at if they belong to a certain caste or class or community. On the basis of this also, they can seek to reduce their college or university fees. Government, colleges universities give concessions for students who belong to a certain backward class or backward community.

University/College

Fee Structure

Mahindra university

INR 750,000

Lady Shri Ram College for Women

INR 61,000 to INR 70,000

Amity University

INR 30,000 to INR 145,000

SAGE university

INR 120,000

School of humanities and social sciences

INR 85,000 to INR 90,000

St. Xavier’s College

INR 4,000 to INR 6,000

Loyola College

INR 10,000 to INR 12,000

Chandigarh University

INR 55,000 to INR 60,000

Christ University

INR 50,000

Miranda House

INR 14,000 to INR 14,500

Kalinga university

INR 50,000 to INR 60,000

Madras Christian College

INR 15,000

Hindu College

INR 15,000 to INR 18,000

Hansraj College

INR 20,000 to INR 25,000

K. J Somaiya College of arts and commerce

INR 7,000 to INR 9,000

Scholarships for Bachelor’s degree in India

Undergraduate scholarships are a means to support the education of many students In this country. These scholarships give a sense of financial freedom to these students. The students who receive these scholarships can be from any background. But it basically helps the students from the poorest of the poor community. They can happily pursue their dreams. Scholarships are the means which motivates the students for getting merit. It makes them work harder to chase their dreams. Scholarships are given to fund the education of talented children who come from the poorest background.

There is a list of scholarships which are given below:

Birla Scholarship:

This scholarship is given to students who pass the class 12 exams from west Bengal on a meritorious basis. The candidate who gets chosen gets a scholarship worth INR 50,000. In addition to this, they receive additional benefits. The student should secure at least 85 percent of marks in the class 12 exams. they should also have a family income of less than INR 300,000 per annum. This is more than enough to cover the basic tuition and hostel fees of the students. They should additionally, provide proof of admission at a college or a university. They should provide the proof of the other extra curricular activities in they participated.

CLP India scholarship Scheme:

This scholarship catches those areas where the CLP India business locations are there. The students must secure at least 50 percent marks in the annual academic exam. Students should be from areas around Gujrat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan etc. students who gain more than 60 percent marks are eligible for the special incentive scheme. It is at the discretion of the CLP India. The scholarship families should not own a scooter, car, air conditioner, or a television.

Sitaram Jindal Foundation Scholarship Scheme:

The students under this scheme will receive at least INR 500 per month for public or Government institutions. They will receive INR 700 per month for studying into private aided ITIs. Students who pursue graduate level courses will receive a scholarship of INR 1,000 per month. The eligible students have to submit various documents like marks card, income certificate, certificate from hostel warden, etc. Students located in the states of Gujrat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Tamil Nadu etc can avail benefits of this scheme

NIU Scholarship Cum Admission test:

This scholarship is applicable to students who study in the area of Noida International university. Students who perform very well can get up to at least a waiver of 70 percent or more. Candidates who obtain a marks of 95 percent or more get a 70 percent fee waiver. Students who avail 85 percent or more get a concession of 50 percent or more. Candidates who gain more than 75 percent marks get a concession of 30 percent or more. And finally, students who get more than 60 percent can gain a concession of 15 percent or more. There will be an objective type exam which will be for a duration of 1.5 hours. There will be 150 questions. Students can opt for three choices while choosing their exam centers.  But the university can scrap down two of them and give the one which is very close to the residence of the student.

Raman Kant Munjal Scholarship:

The students will receive a scholarship of INR 500,000 per year. They will receive this for a period of three years. The student should be more than 19 years of age. They should pass the class 12 exams with flying colors. The candidate should secure at least 80 percent marks in their class 12 exams. they should have a family income of less than INR 400,000 per annum.

Reddy’s Foundation Sashakt Scholarship:

This is basically for encouraging young women to come into the sphere of education. It provides a helping hand for girls especially from the rural areas. The students receive INR 80,000 per annum for up to three years. This scholarship covers the tuition fees, study expenditure, and other basic living costs. The girls have to provide required documents to the foundation. The household income has to be less than INR 500,000 per annum.

Keep India smiling foundational Scholarship:

In this case, the student’s family income has to be less than INR 500,000. The student should secure at least more than 75 percent marks in their class 10 exams. the candidate should also secure a minimum of 60 percent marks in the class 12 examination. The candidates receive a scholarship pf INR 30,000 per annum from the foundation.

Azim Premji university under graduate scholarship:

This scholarship provides academic fees, accommodation charges, and food charges. The students should not be more than 19 years of age. They should complete class 12 with at least 50 percent marks. The family income should not exceed INR 200,000. Students who appear for their final exam are also eligible for this scholarship. Income certificate of the family needs to be shown to the Azim Premji University. They should also show other proofs to the foundation. The receipt of school fees, bank, passbook

Prime Minister’s special Scholarship Scheme, J & K:

this was launched in the academic year 2011- 2012. The scholarship aims to provide support to the students of Jammu and Kashmir to pursue further education in states outside their mother state. Students receive a scholarship of INR 300,000 per year. Candidates should have a family income of less than INR 800,000 per annum. Students receive the academic fee of INR 30,000 per year.

Additionally, they also receive maintenance charges of INR 100,000 per annum. The student has to provide different documents as required by the scheme. The candidates can apply through online mode. They will get a link which they have to verify through email or SMS. Then they can complete the registration. The scholarship is done on the basis of merit.

Jobs After Bachelor’s in India 

Commerce, arts or science as a field opens up various avenues for a candidate who pursues these courses. For instance, let it be the undergraduate course in commerce, arts or in science.

Additionally, they cover a variety of topics for the students to gain knowledge. These bachelor’s degree helps the students to either pursue a master’s degree or they can also for choosing a professional career by working in some industry. These degrees act as the bridge between the student and their bright future.

Candidates can not only choose Government jobs but also choose jobs in the private sector.

Government jobs not only provide job security to the individuals. But they also provide a good salary package to the candidates.

These jobs also give the individual post retirement jobs benefit to the individuals.

On the other hand, if the individual goes for a job in the private sector, they get a handsome package but sometimes the post retirement benefits like pension is not available.

But the individual can make enough savings which can suffice long enough. While the individual doesn’t have to give any examination for getting a job in the private sector, but the candidate has to give an exam for getting entry into the Government sector jobs.

A student with B.Com degree, for instance, has an understanding of accountancy, economics, etc. they can work in banking or other industries as accountants. They can also work as traders in the stock market.

Job Type

Field

Salary

Accounting Clerk

Commerce

INR 200,000 to INR 500,000

Accountant

Commerce

INR 200,000 to INR 400,000

Bookkeeper

Commerce

INR 400,000 to INR 600,000

Sales Executive

Commerce/ arts/ science

INR 200,000 to INR 400,000

Sales Manager

Commerce/ arts/ science

INR 300,000 to INR 500,000

Consultant

Commerce/ arts/ science

INR 600,000 to INR 900,000

Securities Analyst

Commerce/arts

INR 400,000 to INR 800,000

Treasurer

Commerce/arts/science

INR 400,000 to INR 600,000

Cashier

Commerce/arts

INR 150,000 to INR 300,000

Pathologist

Science

INR 400,000 to INR 800,000

Data Analyst

Science

INR 300,000 to INR 500,000

Research Analyst

Science

INR 300,000 to INR 600,000

Commerce, arts or science are streams which provides a student with umpteen number of opportunities for future endeavors. Each of these are compared with one another. It depends on how students pursue these courses. Commerce as a stream includes various courses. For instance, MBA, CA, CS, M.Com, etc. Even in terms of monetary aspects, these courses are less expensive.

A candidate can also pursue their hobbies and interests side by side. Even in terms of coaching, it is less expensive. Science on the other hand, requires a lot of preparation.

A person who has taken up arts as their subject of interest, then, the students cannot shift from arts to any other course. However, one who has taken up commerce as a stream can switch to arts later. One can also pursue professional courses such as CA or CS by registering with the respective institutes.

Frequently Asked Questions About Bachelor’s in India (FAQs)

Which streams of study is better – Commerce or Science?

Science students can choose courses such as medical, engineering, dental and more. Meanwhile, if they secure lesser percentage of marks in entrance exams or Class 12, then they cannot opt for colleges of their choice.

The fees charged for students who are unable to secure the highest number of marks in 10+2 along with the entrance exams is also pretty high. Moreover, the coaching for class 12 and later for the fees for entrance exam coaching is also quite expensive.

On the other hand, commerce also offers lot of avenues for students to pursue. Candidates can also choose from a platter of courses like B.Com, BBA, BMS, CA, CS, to name a few. Also, the percentage of marks that they have to score falls in the range of 55% to 60%.  There is also less pressure comparatively.

In addition to this, the courses are less expensive. Students can also pursue their interests. They can also switch to other streams like arts. But they cannot pursue science as a stream in the future. However, students from the stream of science can switch to commerce.

Which streams of study is better – Commerce or Arts?

If the student pursues art as an option, then the student does not have the option to pursue any professional courses. They have to go for the undergraduate courses. However, they can take up any vocational courses. They can also cannot shift gears to commerce or science.

Students in commerce can also shift to arts as a stream after class 12. They can also take up professional courses such as CA or CS after class 12. The choice of the courses also depends on the interest that one shows in the stream that the students choose.

What is the difference between under graduation and under graduation (Honors)?

Under graduation Honors is a course which is detailed in nature. It  also deals with a particular subject for the students to specialize. Whereas, under graduation simply, is a more general course in comparison to (Honors).

Which is the job option that pays the highest?

All the specializations pursued offer a good amount salary. However, professions such as investment banking, business consultants, and financial consultants get good amount of salary.

What can a student pursue after completing the undergraduate course?

A student who has an interest in further studies can also pursue various courses. Additionally, there is also a plethora of options available. The candidates can also pursue courses, for example, Chartered Financial Analyst, Doctorate Program in Philosophy (PhD), Company Secretary, Chartered Accountant, Master’s in Business Administration.

A student can go for Master’s in a specialized subject. One also has the option to pursue course as in a PhD program. However, job opportunities are also available for the graduate.

What are the skills necessary for pursuing this course?

Firstly, the Candidate must be hard-working, striving, analytical, have good communication skills. Secondly, and most importantly, students must pay attention to minuscule things, for instance, which one may overlook.

Similarly, writing skills are also necessary. Most importantly, the candidate should also be good at handling instruments if they pursue a course in science. Additionally, one must also be a keen observer.

What is the range of fees for the students when they apply for these courses?

The fees for these courses differ from public universities to private universities. It also depends on the college that the student has taken admission into. It also depends on the category the student belongs to. For instance, if the student belongs to a backward caste or scheduled caste certain there will be a waiver of the amount of fees for that student.

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