Top 15 Career Options in Biology- Skills & Salary

December 1, 2022
Career Options in Biology

Table of Contents

Biological sciences deal with life. It is the only subject encompassing every element of life, from the tiniest molecule to large animals and human beings.

It is a field that can lead to studying living beings to develop a broad understanding of living processes for several purposes.

A biological student can get into a variety of career options in biology. A degree in biology can be a perfect career for a student intrigued by science. This article focuses on the best career options in biology for students.

List of Career Options in Biology


Microbiology is the study of various micro-organisms like fungi, bacteria, and viruses. Its main aim is to develop beneficial drugs and vaccines. Their work includes:

  • Research and analysis of how various micro-organisms affect the lives of humans and the environment.
  • They identify and control infectious diseases, develop new drugs using various molecular biological techniques, and manipulate microorganisms to prevent contamination and help break down toxins.

The average salary of a microbiologist is INR 2.5 LPA.

Forensic Scientists

Becoming a forensic scientist is one of the best career options in biology that you can opt. The work of forensic scientists involves:

  • Analysis, investigation and examination of various physical and chemical elements to conclude the crime and its evidence.
  • Forensic scientists use a variety of mathematical and scientific techniques to conduct investigations and draw conclusions.

A forensic scientist must have skills like patience and good observation skills. A candidate can go for a bachelor’s degree in forensic science, a 3–4-year program. Thus, this career option in biology is your pathway to success.

The average salary of a forensic scientist is INR 5 LPA.


Biotechnology is a combination of biology and technology. It is one of the most successful career options in biology. This field deals with living organisms such as bacteria and cells for its study. Biotechnologist work includes:

  • Manipulating various biomolecular and cellular processes to develop new products.
  • They work in different fields such as cosmetics, nutrition, agriculture, marine biotechnology, waste management etc.
  • They also develop drugs to combat infectious diseases.

The average salary of a biotechnologist is INR 4.88 LPA.

Marine Biology

A marine biologist specializing in the field of oceans and marine life. It is a wide and diverse field.

  • Marine biologists study marine organisms, their habitat, behavior, and interactions with the environment.
  • They need to have proficiency in writing and communication skills, as the job requires expensive writing skills to draft notes and comments about the area under research and investigation.

There are many career options in biology that students can explore for themselves such as aquaculturists, environmental consultants, researchers, fisheries biologists, etc.

The average salary of a marine biologist is INR 7 LPA.


A pharmacist who works in a chemist shop, dispensary, or medical store. Pharmacology is a rapidly growing field with a huge scope in the global healthcare scenario. It has given rise to various medicinal manufacturing, marketing, and clinical research and labs that made it one of the most preferred career options in biology.

Their work involves:

  • They supply medicines to the patients according to a doctor’s prescription.
  • To research, prepare and distribute medicines.
  • To give instructions and guidelines regarding the preparation of various medicinal drugs, dosages, and effects.

The average salary of a pharmacist is INR 2.2 LPA.


Genetics deals with the various variations in genes, heredity, and characteristics among living organisms. Geneticists are people who study the interactions of diseases, mutations, traits, abnormalities, and games in the environment. This can be one of the most renowned career options in biology.

There are wide career opportunities for the candidates, such as becoming an immunologist, forensic DNA analyst, cytogeneticist, pharmacologist, clinical research associate, medical technologist, etc.

Jobs of geneticists include:

  • Treatment and counseling of patients with hereditary problems
  • Researching genetic problems and finding solutions.
  • Developing various pharmaceutical and agricultural products.

The average salary of a geneticist is INR 4 LPA.

Environmental Scientist

Environmental scientists use their knowledge of natural science to protect the environment and its impact on human health.

Their work includes:

  • Environmental scientists investigate and analyze various environmental problems such as waste management, global warming, pollution, etc.
  • To deal with the components of the environment such as animals, plants, and other living beings and organisms. And finding ways to save them.

The average salary of an environmental scientist is INR 3 LPA.

Medical Transcription

Medical transcripts are responsible for producing reports and other documents from recordings and audio as directed by the physician. The job requires an in-depth knowledge of various medical terminology, medical treatments, and procedures. This is one of the best career options in biology for biology students.

The job profile includes:

  • Transcription, editing, and proper use of medical terms and usage of grammatical errors.
  • They should be aware of various legal requirements and standards to perform the work smoothly and efficiently.

The average salary of a medical transcript is INR 2.96 LPA.

Food Scientist

Food scientists develop and create better food processing, production, and shipping to meet regulatory and satisfactory control measures. It is one of the best career options in biology.

The work of food scientists includes:

  • Responsible for multiple roles like food packaging, marketing of newly developed technologies, ensuring safety compliance etc.
  • Dealing with the safety and processing of food products through research and development.

You can do a BSc in Food Science and Technology as an undergraduate degree. Food scientists get jobs in reputed organizations like FSAI (Food Safety Authority of India) and ISI (Indian Standards Institute).

The average salary of a food scientist is INR 6.06 LPA.


Botany is one of the well-established branches and career options in biology. Their work includes:

  • They study plants, agriculture, and the environment.
  • Researching, observing, analyzing, and discovering new species.
  • Study the interactions of living organisms with plants in ecology.

A botanist can work in landscape industries, environmental consultancy, natural resource centers, etc.

The average salary of a botanist is INR 5.12 LPA.

Biological Technicians

Biological technicians help medical and biology students perform laboratory tests and experiments. Most biological technicians work full-time and in the laboratory.

Their work includes:

  • Installation, maintenance, and cleaning of laboratory instruments and equipment.
  • Collect and prepare biological samples for analysis.
  • Biological test and experiment.
  • Document work including procedures, observations, and results.
  • Analyze experimental data and interpret the results.
  • Write reports that reflect their findings.

The average salary of a biological technician is INR 5 LPA.

Plant Biochemist

A plant biochemist aims to improve the quality of life by understanding living organisms at the molecular level. The work of a plant biochemist includes:

  • To study the chemical and physical principles and biological processes of living organisms, such as cell development, growth, heredity, disease, and DNA.
  • Understanding chemical reactions that occur in tissues and recording the effects.
  • Conduct research projects and prepare technical reports

The average salary of a plant biochemist is INR 3.6 LPA.

Commercial Horticulturist

Commercial horticulturists oversee the growth, harvesting, packaging, sale, and distribution of crops. Their work includes:

  • To conduct activities such as monitoring the cultivation and maintenance of plants and crops.
  • Manage weed, pest, or disease control programs while ensuring compliance with the government.
  • To conduct a horticulture test.
  • To analyze horticulture, production, operating costs, and financial returns.
  • To maintain financial and administrative records.

The average salary of a commercial horticulturist is INR 4 LPA.

Biology Researcher

A biological researcher studies living organisms. They are research scientists who investigate organisms related to the environment.

Their work includes:

  • To analyze plants
  • To research mammal habitats,
  • To study bonding patterns and test samples.

As job opportunities are increasing as a biology researcher, it is one of the good career options in biology. The average salary of a biological researcher is INR 3.3 LPA.

Farming/Agriculture Consultant

A farming or agricultural consultant provides advice related to the technical, financial, and commercial aspects of farming and agriculture.

Their work also includes:

  • Visiting farms to analyze and collect, measure, analyze and interpret data,
  • Advising about trading strategy and financial options etc.

With the increase in policies for the use of pesticides, technology, etc by farmers, an agricultural consultant is one of the good career options in biology. The average salary of a biological researcher is INR 7.57 LPA.

Biology Jobs and Average Salary

Job ProfileAverage Salary
MicrobiologistINR 2.5 LPA
Farming/Agriculture ConsultantINR 7.57 LPA
Biology ResearcherINR5.93 LPA
Commercial HorticulturistINR 4 LPA
Plant BiochemistINR 3.6 LPA
Biological TechniciansINR 5 LPA
BotanistINR 5 LPA
Food ScientistINR 6.67 LPA
Medical TranscriptINR 3 LPA
Environmental ScientistINR 3 LPA
GeneticistINR 4 LPA
PharmacistINR 2.2 LPA
Marine BiologistINR 7 LPA
BiotechnologistINR 4.88 LPA
Forensic ScientistINR 5 LPA

Part-time Jobs for Biology Students

Online Teaching:

Online teaching is one of the fastest-growing part-time jobs for biology students. It gives you the benefit of teaching and earning from the comfort of your home.

Due to technological advancement, the concept of online learning or teaching has increased. There are many platforms available for those who want to work as a teacher.

You can earn extra income by becoming a Q&A expert at Chegg. A wide variety of subjects such as economics, business environment, mathematics, statistics, etc., are available. If you are proficient in any of these subjects then solve students’ queries and get paid for each accepted answer. You can work from anywhere on your own schedule and receive monthly payments via bank transfer.

Sign up now and start earning with Chegg.

Scientific/ Technical Content Writer:

Technical content writing is a good way to earn money for those who are proficient in writing. If you have in-depth knowledge of biology, then you can work as a part-time scientific or technical writer.

As a scientific writer, you will research, and organize complex information into a simple one based on the target audience.

The basic requirements to become a scientific content writer are:

  • An internet connection
  • Ability to submit your work within the given time.
  • Grammatical skills
  • Subject knowledge

Courses after Biology

You can also opt for post-graduate or doctoral courses after B.Sc. Biology. It boosts your career in terms of salary, knowledge and experience. The top three courses which students opt after biology are mentioned below.

M.Sc. in Food Science

The MSc is a two-year postgraduate program in Food Science and Technology where students learn about the processing, production and safety of food. Those students who want to go into food nutrition can pursue this course.

Eligibility: BSc in Food Science and Technology

Course Duration: 2 Years

Admission Process: Entrance-Based or Merit

Top Colleges: IGNOU Delhi, BHU Varanasi, IIEST Shibpur

Ph.D. in Biological Science

A Ph.D. in Biology gives students an in-depth knowledge of biomedical research. It is a suitable course for students who want to make their career in the research field.

Eligibility: BSc+ MSc in Biological Science

Course Duration: 3-5 Years

Admission Process: Entrance-Based

Top Colleges: AIIMS Delhi, IIT Delhi, University of Hyderabad


The Master of Business Administration is for students who wish to enter the biotechnology or pharmaceutical positions in a company. An MBA degree in biology will help you prepare for leadership roles.

Eligibility: B.Sc. with 55% to 60%

Course Duration: 2 Years

Admission Process: Entrance-Based

Top Colleges: Manipal University Sikkim, Bharati Vidyapeeth University Pune, AIIMS Delhi.

Some other courses which you can also pursue:

  • M.Sc. in Biological Sciences
  • M.Sc. in Applied Biology
  • M.Sc. in Conservation Biology
  • M.Sc. in Environmental Biology
  • M.Sc. in Biochemistry
  • M.Sc. In Biomedical Science
  • M.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • M.Sc. in Botany
  • M.Sc. in Genetics
  • M.Sc. in Molecular Biology
  • M.Sc. in Zoology
  • M.Sc. in Plant Molecular Biology
  • M.Sc. in Plant Biotechnology
  • Ph.D. in Plant Molecular Biology
  • PG Diploma in Computational Biology

Explore about best-paying MBA jobs in India.

Start Your Career in Biology

There are ample career options in biology in which you can start your career. A Biology degree will equip students with transferable skills and exceptional knowledge. A biology degree opens doors to various successful career opportunities. The career options listed above in biology will provide a useful insight into the biological field, its scope and its future.

Biology is not limited to just being a doctor, a person can play many roles in the stream. This is also one of the sectors which offer good salary packages to the students. Hence, it is one of the best areas to build your career.

Read More – DMLT Course – A Medical Course without NEET

Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Which is the best career in biology?

Ans. There are immense career options in biology. You can choose to work either full-time or part-time after your studies. Some of the fields in which you can make your career are:

  • Online tutor
  • Agricultural consultant
  • Biology researcher
  • Commercial gardening
  • Plant biochemist
  • Biological technician
  • Botanist or ecologist
  • Food scientist
  • Environmental scientist

Q.2 How many career options are there in biology?

Ans. There are immense career options in biology from which students can choose. They can go into various sectors like health care, marine, corporate sector etc. As such, they can become researchers, consultants, and professors in the field of biology or take online tutoring. Like on Chegg, if you have good knowledge of the subject then you can become a subject matter expert and start earning from the comfort of your home.

Q.3 What are the highest-paid jobs in biology?

Ans. Biology graduates have immense career options, some of them high-paying jobs. You can choose any field in biology and if you have skill and knowledge then you will get a good salary. Some of the high-paying jobs are biotechnologist, marine biologist, pharmacist, environmental scientist, medical transcripts, and more. You can earn an average salary of INR 5 LPA in all these sectors.

Q.4 Is biology a good career?

Ans. Yes, biology is the best career because there are immense career options for biology students. You can make a career in any field from medical to marine and get a good salary. The demand for biology has increased in the last few years and the rapid development has also seen a 5% increase and is expected to increase in the coming ten years. This is also one of the sectors which offer good salary packages to the students. So yes, it is a good file to build your career.

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