ESI Full Form: The Essential Guide To Employees' State Insurance

November 22, 2023
esi full form

Table of Contents

Introduction: ESI full form

Are you searching for the ESI full form? Well, your search ends here. ESI is one of the most common terms used in daily life. This article will discuss the ESI full form, what is esi, and the ESI benefits. Continue reading to learn more!

What is ESI full form?

The term “ESI” stands for Employees’ state insurance. what is ESI? As the name implies, ESI is a state insurance policy made to provide Indian workers with medical and financial benefits. ESIC governs it. ESIC stands for Employee State Insurance Corporation. It is a separate corporate entity. ESIC is governed by the Ministry of Labour and Employment of the Indian Government.

Evolution of Employees’ State Insurance Scheme

In this section, you will learn the details about the evolution of the ESI scheme. Keep reading!

Historical background and origins

Here are the details you need to know:

  • March 1943: Professor B.N. Adarkar was hired to research Indian employees.
  • 1948: ESI Act was established based on Professor B.N. Adarkar’s research.
  • 24th February 1952: ESI was founded. It is based on the ESI Act of 1948. Kanpur was the first city to implement the ESI scheme.

Development of social security measures

The city of Kanpur first adopted ESI. it was expanded over the country. ESI provides cash assistance for work-related concerns as well healthcare benefits. Along with easing burdens, it advances social welfare.

Expansion and amendments over time

ESI is now an important concept across India. It focuses on Indian workers’ welfare. Initially only benefits laborers, the act expanded to include workers making less then a set salary.

ESI Benefits and Objectives

In this section, you will learn the ESI benefits and objectives.

Ensuring Health and Social Security

ESI offers high insurance coverage for various incidents. The main benefits include:

  • It offers medical benefits.
  • It provides sickness pay.
  • It also offers maternity benefits.
  • You can also enjoy paid leaves.

Coverage of employees and dependents

ESI also covers employees’ families along with them. Here are the details you need to know:

CoverageEligible Members
EmployeesAll working employees
Spouse and Children’sImmediate family members
DependentsUp to a certain age
BeneficiariesSpecifically designated ones
Healthcare BenefitsFor Eligible Members

Protection against unforeseen contingencies

ESI offers immediate coverage for unforeseen events like accidents or any kind of sudden disability. Until and unless the individual is disabled due to the consumption of drugs, he or she can opt for ESI.

Coverage and Eligibility Criteria

This section will discuss the coverage and eligibility criteria for ESI.

Categories of employees covered

The ESI Scheme is applies to factories and other businesses with ten or more employees. It includes those in road transportation, hotels, restaurants, cinemas, newspapers, shops, and educational/medical institutions.

Threshold limits for coverage

The threshold limit for establishment coverage is still 20 in several States. According to the ESI Act, employees who earn up to Rs. 15,000 a month are eligible for social security coverage. The ESI Corporation has also agreed to raise the salary cap for workers covered by the ESI from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 21,000.

Exceptions and special cases

Here are the details you need to know:

  • Self-employed individuals often do not have ESI coverage
  • Certain eligibility requirements might apply to seasonal employees
  • There may be exemptions for particular establishment types
  • Some states offer alternatives to traditional insurance plans
  • ESI coverage varies depending on local laws

Financing and Contributions

You must know that employees and employers fund ESI schemes. It involves the concept of contribution and financing. In this section, get to know the details of financing and contributions related to ESI.

Employer and employee contribution rates

According to the ESI Act, Employer contributions are calculated at 4.75% of employee wages. The employee contribution rate is 1.75 percent of the employee’s pay. Employees are free from making their portion of the contribution if their daily salaries are less than Rs. 137.

Contribution collection and payment procedures

On behalf of each employee, employers are expected to make their payments. Also, deduct employee contributions from wage bills. The payments must be made within 15 days of the applicable month’s due date. The Corporation has given specific State Bank of India branches and a few other institutions permission to accept payments on its behalf.

Utilization of funds for benefit provision

ESI ensures the proper use of funds. The main sectors which are covered include:

  • Healthcare benefits
  • Maternity benefits
  • Disability benefits

Registration and Compliance Process

You will learn about ESI’s Registration and Compliance Process in this section. Keep reading!

Employer registration under ESI Act

Here are the steps you need to know:

  • Check Applicability
  • Obtain ESI Code
  • Gather Documents
  • Fill Application
  • Submit Application
  • Verification
  • Issuance of ESI Code
  • Maintain Compliance

Maintenance of necessary records and documents

ESI requires employers to maintain various types of records. These include

  • Attendance of employees
  • Wages of employees
  • Contribution details of employees

These pieces of information are used for inspection and compliance purposes later.

Compliance with reporting and remittance requirements

Compliance with reporting and remittance requirements is very important for implementing the act. It includes timely reporting of contributions. Accurate documentation of employee data is very important. You need to meet remittance deadlines consistently. Adherence to regulatory guidelines can lead to a smooth process of ESI implementation. You can avoid penalties through compliance.


ESI is one of the most important concepts in the Indian Economy. It is designed to offer Indian workers medical and cash benefits. It is one of the most significant concepts for Indian workers. In the case of temporary and permanent disability, ESI offers 90% of the employee’s salary. It is one of the major significance of ESI.  ESI was established to compensate Indian workers for the work they do. ESI’s contributions are incomparable, from providing social security to enhancing the healthcare infrastructure. Employees feel more motivated to work, resulting in increased productivity.

Learn about some other full form:

PWD Full FormCISF Full Form
UIDAI Full FormFSSAI Full Form
LDC Full FormDGP Full Form
IAS Full FormMLA Full Form
EWS Full FormTRAI Full Form

ESI Full Form: FAQs

What is the impact of the ESI Act?

The act has various impacts on Indian workers. It helps in improving social security. It enhances the Health Infrastructure of India. Due to the wide range of benefits it offers, employees feel motivated. Due to their motivation, they are able to work more than usual.

Can an ESI recipient claim ESI if they receive treatment in a private hospital?

According to the ESI Act of 1948, only ESIC hospitals are eligible for the application of the ESI policy. Though in cases of emergency, ESIC may approve private hospitals. For example, you met with an accident, and an ESIC-authorized hospital is unavailable nearby. In that case, ESIC may approve private hospitals. You must apply for the claim soon after being admitted to prove it is an emergency.

Who determines the contribution rate for the ESI scheme?

The Indian government determines the ESI plan’s contribution rate.

What exactly is an ESI card?

Each insured person receives a magnetic card called a Pehchan Card, also called an ESIC or ESI card. You must have this card to receive ESIC benefits, such as hospital payments.

What sorts of establishments are eligible for the ESI scheme?

The following establishments are eligible for the ESI scheme:
●        Hotels or dining establishments
●        Shops
●        Movie theatres or cinemas
●        Establishment of a newspaper
●        Establishment of road transportation.
●        Private educational institutes are number six

Got a question on this topic?

Related Articles