Evolution of EVs: Future of Electric Vehicles in India

June 27, 2024
future of electric vehicles in india

Table of Contents

As the world grapples with climate change and environmental concerns, India has embraced the vision of a greener and cleaner future. With consumers becoming more environmentally conscious, there has been a substantial increase in the adoption of electric cars and two-wheelers. The net worth of the Indian electric vehicle market has soared significantly, with a compounded annual growth rate of 49%, indicating a growing interest and investment in this sector. Looking ahead, the future of electric vehicles in India appears promising, driven by evolving technologies, government initiatives, and a shift towards sustainable transportation solutions.

The discovery of 5.9 million tons of lithium found in Jammu and Kashmir is great news for the future of electric vehicles in India. This discovery will reduce the dependency of India on lithium imports bringing down the manufacturing costs of e-vehicles in India. This has resulted in an upswing of EV manufacturers and startups trying to establish their presence in the market.

‘Is India ready for electric vehicles?’ is the question on everyone’s mind and we will delve deeper into that question in this guide providing a complete picture of the future scope of electric vehicles in India.

The Indian electric vehicle (EV) market has been witnessing significant growth in recent years due to increasing environmental awareness, government incentives, and technological advancements.
The electric Vehicle market is expected to touch 70% of the commercial vehicle market by 2030 aligning with the mission for net zero carbon emissions by 2070.

The e-vehicle market in India is expected to grow to USD 15,400 million by 2027, these stats paint a positive picture for the future of electric vehicles in India. Among the states, Uttar Pradesh has been the front runner when it comes to the sale of e-vehicles in India with a sale of approximately 66,000 electric vehicles with Karnataka and Tamil Nadu following suit.

Opportunities for future of Electric Vehicle Market in India

Potential Companies Planning to Enter Indian EV Market

The Indian electric vehicle (EV) market’s immense potential has attracted several companies keen to capitalize on the growing demand for e-vehicles in India. Major international automobile manufacturers, including Tesla, Hyundai, and Nissan, have expressed interest in entering the Indian EV market, eyeing a significant share in this emerging segment.

Moreover, several Indian startups, such as Ola Electric and Ather Energy, are already making waves with their innovative EV offerings.

These companies recognize the vast market opportunity in India, driven by

  • Favorable government policies,
  • Increasing environmental awareness
  • Shift towards eco-friendly transportation.


As they gear up to compete in this dynamic space, consumers can anticipate a broader range of EV choices soon.

Business Opportunities in future of Electric Vehicles Industry in India

The electric vehicles (EV) industry in India offers a plethora of exciting opportunities. The country’s flourishing EV market, coupled with the government’s push for sustainable mobility, creates a conducive atmosphere for a bright future of electric cars in India. Here are some business opportunities waiting to be explored in future of EV in India:

Limitless learning. Limitless Earning with Chegg (future of electric vehicles in India)

1. Charging Infrastructure

As the adoption of electric vehicles grows, the demand for reliable and accessible charging infrastructure will surge. Out of the one million public charging points in the world, only 0.1% of them are in India. Some of the significant business opportunities in this sector are-

  • Establishing charging stations
  • Battery swapping facilities,
  • Smart charging solutions

A proper charging infrastructure in India is crucial for the future of electric vehicles in India.

2. Battery Manufacturing and Recycling

A comprehensive battery ecosystem is essential for EV future in India. Investing in battery manufacturing plants or establishing battery recycling units can be a game-changer. The lithium-ion batteries used in electric vehicles can be recycled and valuable materials can be recovered to make brand new car batteries, making battery manufacturing and recycling a lucrative business. With the right technology and processes, you can contribute to the sustainable management of battery resources and reduce environmental impact.

3. Electric Vehicle Components and Software

EVs require specialized components and software for optimal performance. From motors and power electronics to battery management systems and infotainment, there is a demand for cutting-edge technologies in the EV space. Developing and supplying these components can open doors to lucrative business ventures.

4. EV Fleet Services

With the rising interest in electric mobility, fleet operators are keen to transition to electric vehicles. Offering electric vehicle leasing, rental, or fleet management services can be a lucrative opportunity. Providing solutions that include vehicle maintenance, charging support, and fleet optimization can set you apart in this growing market.

5. Manufacture of EV Equipment for electric vehicles in india

The growing EV market necessitates the production of various EV components and accessories. Big names in the global e- vehicle industry are looking to India to set up facilities for manufacturing equipment for e-vehicles in India. Establishing an EV equipment manufacturing company can cater to the rising demand for EV batteries, motors, power electronics, charging equipment, and other specialized components.

6. EV Franchise and Dealership

As the EV market expands, automakers and established EV companies such as Ather energy, Ashok Leyland and Hyundai seek to expand their reach through franchising and dealership opportunities. Entrepreneurs can partner with reputed EV manufacturers and become authorized dealers, providing sales, servicing, and maintenance services for electric vehicles in specific regions.

Challenges Facing E Vehicle Industry in India

The electric vehicle (EV) industry in India is on a promising trajectory, but it is not without its share of challenges. While the government’s support and growing consumer interest have fostered its growth, several obstacles continue to impede the widespread adoption of EVs in the country.

1. Lack of Charging Infrastructure

One of the most significant challenges facing the EV industry in India is the inadequate charging infrastructure. For EVs to become a viable option for daily commuting, public charging stations need to be readily available across cities and highways. Currently, the charging network is sparse, making it challenging for EV users to find convenient and accessible charging points, which leads to range anxiety and inhibits potential buyers.

2. Battery Technology and Range

Despite advancements in battery technology, range anxiety remains a concern for many prospective EV buyers. The limited driving range of some electric vehicles compared to traditional internal combustion engine vehicles hinders their appeal, especially for long-distance travel. Improving battery efficiency and affordability is crucial to address this issue and instill confidence in potential customers.

3. Affordability and High Upfront Costs

While EVs promise long-term savings through reduced operational costs, their initial purchase price remains higher than conventional vehicles. The high upfront costs pose a significant barrier to entry for many consumers, deterring them from considering EVs as an option. Government incentives and subsidies play a crucial role in bridging this affordability gap and encouraging wider adoption.

4. Charging Time and Infrastructure Compatibility

The time taken to recharge an EV is another concern for the future of electric cars in India. Fast-charging technologies are improving, but the charging time is still longer compared to refueling a conventional vehicle. Additionally, compatibility issues arise with different charging standards, which can confuse users and hinder the seamless charging experience.

5. Consumer Awareness and Perception

Despite growing awareness of the environmental benefits of EVs, there still exists a lack of widespread knowledge among consumers regarding electric vehicles’ practicality and performance. Clearing the misconceptions and promoting the advantages of EVs is essential to increase their acceptance among potential buyers.

6. Manufacturing and Supply Chain Challenges

The establishment of a robust manufacturing ecosystem for electric vehicles and their components is essential to meet the increasing demand. This requires investment in

  • Research and development
  • Local manufacturing capabilities
  • A reliable supply chain

This is the biggest challenge to the future of electric vehicles in India as setting up manufacturing and supply chain takes time.

7. Limited Model Options and Variety

Currently, the EV market in India offers limited model options and variety compared to traditional vehicles. The lack of diverse choices may limit the appeal of EVs to consumers with specific needs or preferences and can be stumbling block to the future of electric vehicles in India.

Also Read: Career and Scope in Automobile Engineering

Is India Ready for EV?

The future of electric cars in India looks promising, as the nation embarks on the path to cleaner and greener transportation. As technology continues to evolve, and the market becomes more competitive, consumers can expect a wider range of affordable, efficient, and eco-friendly e-vehicles in India to choose from. The combination of sustainable mobility, reduced emissions, and economic benefits make EVs a compelling choice for the future of transportation in India. While challenges lie ahead, the continued commitment to innovation, infrastructure development, and environmental responsibility will pave the way for a thriving electric vehicle ecosystem in India. The time has come for India to embrace the evolution of EVs and shape a cleaner, brighter, and more sustainable tomorrow.

Innovative, low-investment ideas for the hidden entrepreneur in you! Explore our guide on Business Ideas.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

What is the future of electric vehicles in India?

The future of electric vehicles in India is bright and promising due to several factors.
The Indian government has been actively promoting the adoption of electric vehicles through various incentives and policy initiatives, such as tax benefits, subsidies, and awareness campaigns.
As concerns about climate change and air pollution grow, more consumers are becoming environmentally conscious, leading to an increased demand for cleaner and greener transportation options.

Which company will dominate EV in India?

Established automakers like Tata Motors, Mahindra & Mahindra, and Hyundai have already made significant strides in the electric vehicle space. At the same time, newer startups like Ola Electric, Ather Energy, and Revolt Motors are rapidly gaining traction with their innovative offerings.

Which EV sector is best in India?

The electric two-wheeler sector is coming up as one of the most promising segments in the Indian EV industry. Two-wheelers are popular among Indian commuters due to their affordability, ease of use, and suitability for congested urban environments. With the government’s push for electric mobility and an increasing focus on last-mile connectivity, electric scooters and motorcycles are witnessing significant demand.

Is it good to invest in electric vehicles in India?

Investing in electric vehicles in India can be a prudent decision considering the favorable market conditions and government support. As the demand for EVs continues to rise, the industry is expected to grow, creating potential investment opportunities.

Other Related Reads

To read more related articles, click here.

Got a question on this topic?

Related Articles