What is the difference between IAS and IES in UPSC - Easy & Simple guide


IAS and IES are the Union Government units UPSC directs the tests. IES represents Indian Engineering Services, and on the contrary, IAS stands for Indian Administrative Services. The principal contrast between the two is that IAS officers are employed in the administrative or managerial division of the Indian Government. At the same time, the IES officials are delegated to handle the executive and technical works of the Indian Government.

Before getting more information regarding the difference between IAS and IES, we must look at IAS and IES separately and how one can look forward to pursuing either of them.

Indian Administrative Services

IAS is the full form for the Indian Administrative Service. It is the All India authoritative civil service in India. IAS officials own key and discretionary posts in the Union Government, States, and open division endeavours. Like in a few nations (for instance, the UK) following Parliamentary framework, IAS as the constant organization in India shapes a basic piece of the presidential part of the Government of India, in this way giving stream and unbiasedness to the organization. Not at all like Candidates chose to other common administrations, an individual once delegated to Indian Administrative Service or Indian Foreign Service (IFS) gets ineligible to return in Civil Services Examination directed by Union Public Service Commission, because, prior in 1972, a contender to be qualified for IAS/IPS needs to compose additional test yet considerably after regular UPSC common administrations test the situation is kept up which should be changed.

ias and ies
January 28, 2022
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Table of Contents

IAS officers are assigned various important functions in various government offices. Some of them are as follows:

  • They function as an Executive Magistrate
  • Functions as Chief Development official/District Development Commissioner
  • Keeps up Law and Order
  • Gathers Revenues and plays out its obligations as the court, in income matters
  • Administers the Implementation of Policies of State and Central Government
  • Administers the use of open assets according to standards of budgetary appropriateness
  • Deals with the day by day exercises of Government, remembering confining and usage of strategy for discussion with the priest accountable for the concerned Ministry
  • Partakes in strategy plan and dynamic at different levels like Deputy Secretary, Joint Secretary, and so forth and gives the last shape to the arrangements by adding to the necessities in like manner.


Indian Engineering Services

Indian Engineering Services, abbreviated as IES, are the common administrations that meet India’s innovative and administrative elements. Like most nations, the Government of India recruits its government employees and authorities on the grounds of greatness. The focal administration posts in the organization are inundated through serious tests. Countless wannabes take these tests, taking a stab at bound posts. The association government picks IES officials on the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) references. A consolidated triple-stage driven assessment (which involves five tests), broadcasted as the Engineering Services Examination (ESE), is guided by the UPSC for enrollment to the Indian Engineering Services. Quite a lot of differences between IAS and IES.

Out of the various duties or functions that are expected to be undertaken by an IES officer, some of them are as follows:

  • The assortment of work for the Indian Engineering Service relies totally on the designing branch and the administration or division they are enlisted in.
  • These official civil servants can move to any of the association, organization, framework, services, or PSU of the Government of India.
  • They are assigned in an equal framework where they can take a shot at an appointment premise or for a fixed residency of at any rate five years or more.
  • After this, they may be sent back to their parent framework or decide to work in the current unit.

Difference between IAS and IES

  • Eligibility Criteria

The essential eligibility to apply for IES  is to have a graduation degree in engineering. BTech/BE graduates in their last year of BTech/BE can apply for these posts. For specific posts, postgraduates from the Science stream with papers in subjects such as Wireless Communication, Electronics, Radio Physics, and Radio Engineering can apply. Other than this, up-and-comers ought to likewise fulfil the age necessities for various classes.

On the other hand, to apply for IAS, a candidate should graduate. One does not need to graduate in any specific domain like IES. Also, students who have completed any diploma or correspondence course can apply for IAS. Students should be Indian citizens and apply for IAS in the last year of education. The age of an IAS applicant should be between 21 and 32 to be eligible for the application.

  • Recruitment Procedure

Difference between IAS and IES in terms of recruitment. The process for IES consists of two stages – A written examination followed by a personal interview. The examination consists of an objective type section that covers general topics of studies and a subjective type section where students are expected to answer essay type questions based on a particular field of engineering. If a candidate clears this round, they are invited for the personal interview round, and if they clear this round, they are further selected for different departments based on merit.

To become an IAS, one has to clear the Civil Service Examination conducted by UPSC. The examination consists of three stages – A Preliminary exam, a Mains exam, and a Personal Interview. The Preliminary exam consists of two objective papers. Paper 2 is considered the qualifying exam, while the first paper is used to decide the merit. The next step is the mains exam which consists of 9 papers, out of which two are qualifying exams, and the rest seven papers decide the merit. A personal interview follows the mains exam, and one is selected if they qualify in the merit.

  • Competition

The difference between IAS and IES is a hot mess. You will confront intense rivalry from all sides. As stated previously, IAS is the most serious civil service post. Around nine lakhs up-and-comers apply for civil services assessments consistently. Over 4 lakh applicants go to the prelims.

What’s more, just two or three thousand get into Indian administration. You have the numbers. Presently, you know the likelihood of getting into common assistance. What’s more, IAS is the most looked for after assistance in the rundown of 25 administrations. Thus, envision how serious it is to get into the Indian Administrative assistance. You ought to be the one from thousands. Individuals go through years getting ready for common help assessments.

That doesn’t make IES tests any simpler. The facts demonstrate that the positions are selected for engineers. In any case, do you know the number of architects our nation delivers each year? More than one million designers come out of Indian building schools each year. In this way, that gives you an image. IES is viewed as perhaps the hardest test, thinking about the specialized idea of tests and the pace of acknowledgement. Around 2.5 lakh applicants endeavour for IES tests each year, and just two or three hundred among them get chosen. As indicated by the information from 2018, the choice rate through the IES test is 0.0005.

  • Power and Recognition

Difference between IAS and IES in terms of being well known? An IAS official or an IES official. I think everybody knows the appropriate response, and that closes the discussion. An IAS official holds more orders over society and gets more acknowledgement. As they are into a general organization, they are nearer to individuals and here and there even hold command over law requirements and legal procedures. They likewise bolster the lawmaking body in guaranteeing the best possible working of legislative frameworks.

To make it basic, an IAS official can be the focal point of the activity and keep the framework within proper limits. On arriving at higher positions like Cabinet secretary, an IAS official will also impact political choices. Some may contend that not all IAS officers fill in as Collectors or Secretaries. Truly, that is valid. A few IAS officials are given administrative jobs out in the open assistance endeavours. Yet, that is not a perpetual job after all that. As the Indian Administrative administrations manage general organizations, you will get the opportunity to be accountable for pretty much every major managerial job at any rate once in their profession.

Indeed, even an IES official gets the chance to move around between various units. Be that as it may, not as an IAS official, the individual will be working with ventures that have something to do with innovation. Along these lines, outside the association, the IES official is working, the individual in question won’t hold a lot of intensity. Being an open figure or holding political force relations in the public eye isn’t some tea. Outside your activity, you will resemble some other typical nation residents.

  • Political Intervention

IAS officers are responsible for maintaining and taking care of social issues and administrative tasks. Hence, IAS officers hold more power. But as they say, “with more power comes more responsibility”. So is the case with IAS officers. IAS officers are answerable to the legislature, and thus their job involves political intervention.

On the other hand, IES mainly deals with technology. That does not mean that there is no political intervention. They are also answerable to the legislature, but the political intervention is less than an IAS.

  • Salary

IES officers and IAS officials are class A gazetted officials. In this way, their salary scale and extra advantages are pretty much the equivalents. When they join the administration, they pay around Rs 60000 every month. They will likewise get other extra advantages, for example, lodging and travel offices. Along these lines, regarding pay scale and different advantages, both Indian Engineering Services and Indian Administrative administrations are nearly the equivalent.

Final Thoughts

So what is the difference between IAS and IES? Indian Engineering Services and Indian Administrative Services are both acceptable decisions for individuals searching for an exceptionally rumoured and secure professional way. IES officials get the opportunity to associate with innovation while IAS officials manage a general organization. The decision relies upon a person’s latent capacity and professional objectives. Continuously recollect that you make your predetermination. Ensure that you contribute time and thought before settling on your groundbreaking choices. I trust the detailed explanation has controlled your bits of knowledge and have augmented your points of view. While you ponder the difference between IAS and IES, why not increase your knowledge and skills by becoming a Chegg Subject Matter Expert.

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