Start preparing for UPSC as Civil Service Aspirants after 12th standard?

February 3, 2021
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
civil service aspirants

Table of Contents


This is one of the toughest exams in the world for civil service aspirants which is conducted by UPSC. UPSC started the civil services exam in the year 1922 for the taking in civil servants. It is based on British Era civil services tests.

Civil service aspirants take two years of preparation.

Therefore, a student needs a lot of zeal, strong willpower to achieve this. It is considered as one of the toughest exams. One needs to be a citizen of India. Also, people train for the work culture and the position.

The UPSC conducts its exam in three primary stages. The candidate has the responsibility to take decisions for the welfare of the citizens. 10 lakh people apply every year for this exam. The three stages are conducted offline-

Preliminary Examination

This is conducted in June every year & the result comes in August. It consists of two exams which are General Studies and CSAT of total 400 marks. The duration of Each exam is  2 hours. The exam language offered for the exam is English & Hindi. He has to score a minimum of 33% to be eligible for Mains.


This takes place in October every year & the result comes in January. Also, the main exam is of 9 subjective exams of total 1750 marks with 3 hours duration each.

1.Exam 1- Indian Language

2.Exam 2- English

3.Exam 3- Essay Writing

4.Exam 4- General Studies- 1

5.Exam 5- General Studies- 2

6.Exam 6- General Studies-3

7.Exam 7- General Studies -4

8.Exam 8- Optional Paper 1

9.Exam 9- Optional Paper 2


The final stage is Personal Interview. It is held in month of March in UPSC Bhavan in New Delhi & the final results come in May. After that, the training starts in September. The interviews test the personality, mental ability, etc.

Eligibility for UPSC exam

  • He/ She should be graduate or in the final year of graduation and citizen of India.
  • The candidate should be minimum 21 years and maximum 32 years (in case of general category), 35 years ( OBC) and 37 years ( in case of SC, ST, PwD).
  • The number of attempts for general category is 6, for OBC & PwD is 9, and for others SC, ST are unlimited.
  • The exam fee for general category males is 100 rupees and for females & other categories is none.
To prepare for UPSC exam, keep these things in mind-
  • To clear any exam, first you should make a goal.
  • You should gather all the information about the exam pattern, syllabus, and make a strategy.
  • Moreover, You need to devote your time. It would be better to study as per timetable.
  • One should remain updated with the current happenings. One should make a habit of reading current affairs.
  • Also, to make your knowledge effective, it is recommended to study from NCERT books of class 6th – 12th. You can also take help from other reference books.
  • Prepare from previous years papers and also give the mock tests.
  • You can also look out for various online as well as offline coaching.
  • Be aware of government policies, Yojanas, etc.
  • Have a last minute revision.
  • Stay positive and patient.
UPSC Preparation

You can study towards it even in your school years.  But, in class 11th, you can opt for any stream between PCM, PCB, Commerce, and Humanities (Arts). But, Those who select Humanities get an advantage over others. Also, It covers all the subjects that provide you a strong base for higher studies.

But, Even if you decide after class 12th you have to clear UPSC exam, its not too late. Hence, You can do your graduation B.A. Also, you can do post-graduation with anyone of the subject. It is wise decision to do B.A. as it will save your time. You will be able to prepare for IAS as there are common subjects.

While, there isn’t any compulsion that you have to do graduation in Bachelors of Arts only. You can go for UPSC exam with B.Tech, B.Com, BBA etc.

Now, there are various types of civil services jobs that are based on what ranks the students score-
  1. All India Civil Services
  2. Group A Services or Central Services
  3. Group B Services or State Services

All India Civil Services Jobs List

  1. IAS or Indian Administrative Service
  2. IFS or Indian Foreign Service
  3. IPS or Indian Police Service

List of Group A Services by UPSC

1.Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service

2.Indian Audit and Accounts Service

3.Indian Revenue Service

4.Indian Defense Accounts Service

List of Group – B Services

  1. Section Officer’s Grade
  2. Pondicherry Civil Service
  3. Pondicherry Police Service

Civil services exams for Several other Jobs and Positions 

  1. Engineering Services
  2. Geologists
  3. Special Class Railway Exam

Indian Administrative Service (IAS)

It is considered as most desirable posts for Civil service aspirants, due to the status attached with it. Officials in this post are provided with conveniences such as a house, servants, car, and their living expenses are borne by the governing bodies.

IAS officers are in charge for the law and order, as well as the enactment of government policies in different areas where they are posted.

Job Role –

IAS officers are assigned the role of the Sub-Divisional Magistrates (SDM) in a state. They go on to become District Magistrate and Divisional Commissioner. They serve as the heads of Government Organizations, Public Service Undertakings. Also, they serve to the Government of India.

Indian Foreign Service (IFS)

The main role is all about performing as a Diplomat. They travel the world while serving their nation. Therefore, it is like a dream job for many people who aspire to travel the world.

Job Role –

They serve as the representatives of our nation abroad. Also, they serve on the position of Third Secretary, Second Secretary, First Secretary, Ambassador and High Commissioner in the foreign embassies such as the United Nation (UN). Also, They get proper lodging, a car, and other housing and basic amenities.

Indian Police Service (IPS)

IPS Officers are the only torchbearers of law and order in our great nation India. Apart from the rigorous drill, knowledge, and the power bestowed in them by the state, they are accountable for serving to run the country without the disorder.

Job Role –

Initially, IPS officers are posted as Assistants. After that, they serve at the position of Commissioner of Police. Intelligence Bureau is every time lead by an IPS Officer.

Opportunities for Civil Service Aspirants


Civil Service aspirants can take tuition of school-going children and simultaneously learn through NCERT books and get their topics by heart. Also, Knowledge from NCERT books is very crucial for basic school level knowledge.

Subject matter experts at Chegg

Civil service aspirants can work as subject matter experts on Chegg to strengthen their knowledge of various domains. For eg, subjects like business, engineering, science, mathematics, health care and earth science. Also, they can solve the queries of students all over the world and earn a good amount of money for each solved query.

UPSC services

Final Thoughts

To conclude, Civil service aspirants start preparing right after their 12th standard. Therefore, they prefer to choose a course in humanities in college so that it becomes helpful for them in their civil services exam. Firstly, it is not just an year or two years of hard work. But, it is lot more years of patience and continuous dedication towards studies and upskilling to be a deserving candidate and pass one of the toughest examinations and get onto the top of the hierarchy. Therefore, civil services is the right place to be for dedicated and meritorious students. Then, and to serve the nation and take the country to the horizons of success for the civil service aspirants.

Therefore, only good civil servants can bring fortune to the country and curb various issues like corruption, poverty and pollution from the country by taking well-informed decisions and progressive initiatives.

You can earn and learn at the same time with Chegg. Become a Subject Matter Expert now.

Related articles