Probationary Period in Job: What Is It & How to Clear It?

July 8, 2024
probationary period

Quick Summary

  • The probation period is the period in a job during which companies hire candidates on a trial basis and their suitability is evaluated.
  • Probation period policies vary by company and include documentation, possible extensions, termination, and limited employee benefits compared to permanent staff.
  • One can prepare for probation period by grasping company culture, reviewing job details, learning and planning for success.

Table of Contents

Most new employees often look up the meaning of the probation period. It is a specified period during which companies hire candidates on a trial basis. This is to determine your suitability for a position. This is a standard practice in most companies. The probationary period is an excellent time for new joiners. They can understand the culture and what will be expected from them. Let’s dig deeper into the nuances of the probationary period. 

What is a Probation Period?

A probation period is an initial phase of employment during which a new employee’s performance and suitability for the role are evaluated by the employer. The employer can assess whether you can perform your duties properly during this period. The employer can terminate your employment without notice if you fail to meet the expectations. Job probation periods also serve as an opportunity for new employees. 

The probationary period varies depending on the employer and the nature of the job. It usually lasts between 30 and 90 days. The employer evaluates how you perform during this period. They provide feedback on areas for improvement. Sometimes, the job probation period can be extended if the employer needs more time to assess you. Your actual probationary period is mentioned in your employer’s handbook.  

Probation Period Policies 

Probation period policies vary from company to company. But some standard policies include: 

1. Probationary Documentation 

Employers usually monitor you during the probation period evaluation. This can include evaluations, feedback, and reports. 

2. Probationary Period Extension 

Employers may extend this period if they need more time. This decision should be communicated to the employee in writing

3. Probationary Period Termination 

Employers can terminate employment without notice if you fail to meet the required standards. But it is essential to follow the company’s policy. The employees have the liberty to resign in case they wish to. 

4. Benefits 

During this period, employers may not provide employees with the same benefits as permanent employees. This includes health insurance, paid time off, and other perks. 

Probation Period in Government Jobs in India 

The probation period in government jobs in India is an essential aspect of the hiring process. The period allows the employer to evaluate the employee. This ensures that the employee is a good fit for the job. 

Probationary periods in government jobs in India typically last for a specified period. This is usually between 6 months and 2 years. Your work is closely monitored during this time. This is to ensure that you meet the needs of the job and perform well. 

The length of the probation period in government jobs varies as per the type of job. It is usually 6 months for lower-level jobs like clerks and peons. And it can be up to 12 months for higher-level jobs. It can extend up to 2 years for certain central government and similar jobs.

You might be required to undergo training and complete a specific set of tasks. You might also be required to attend meetings and report to seniors or mentors. Also, you need to follow probationary period guidelines. 

The employer could also terminate the employee during this period. But, the employee has the right to appeal the decision. The employer must provide a valid reason for the termination. 

Probation Period for Corporate Jobs in India 

Most corporate jobs include this period to train employees. The probationary period benefits are far higher. It allows the employer to evaluate you. 

Probationary periods in corporate jobs in India typically last for a specified period. This period is usually between 3 to 6 months. But it can extend up to 1 year in some cases. 

The length of this period in corporate jobs varies as per the type of job. For example, it is usually 3 months for entry-level jobs like customer support executives. It can be up to 6 months for mid-level jobs such as team leads. 

Salary During a Probation Period 

Salary is a critical factor for both employers and employees during this period. Let’s understand how salary is calculated during this period. Are there any differences in salary for govt and corporate jobs during the probation period? What other factors can affect the salary? Let’s find out! 

How is Salary Calculated During Probationary Period? 

The employee is usually paid a lower salary than the regular salary for the job during this period. This is because the employer is taking a risk by hiring a new employee. This period allows the employer to evaluate the employee before paying a higher salary. 

The lower salary during this period can be a fixed amount. It can also be a percentage of the regular salary. The employer will usually state the salary in the job offer letter. 

The probationary period’s salary is usually reviewed at the end of the period. Your performance is also evaluated. The employer may offer a higher salary if it is up to the mark. 

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Differences in Salary for Government and Corporate Jobs 

The salary during this period is usually the same as the regular salary for government jobs. This is because the government has fixed pay scales for different job roles. The job requirements and qualifications decide the pay scale. But, there may be exceptions to these probationary period rules. Some government jobs might offer a lower salary during this period. 

The salary during the probationary period is usually lower than the regular salary for corporate jobs. The salary reduction during this period could vary per the company’s policies.  

Factors Affecting Salary During Probationary Period 

Several other factors can affect the salary during this period. These include: 

1. Qualification and Experience 

You might get a higher salary during this period if you have good qualifications and experience. 

2. Location 

The location of the job can also affect the salary during this period. Jobs in metro cities usually offer higher salaries than in smaller towns or rural areas. 

3. Industry 

The industry or sector can also affect the salary during this period. For example, jobs in the IT sector or finance sector might offer higher salaries than jobs in the manufacturing sector. 

How to Prepare for the Probation Period? 

The probationary period is a critical time for new employees to prove their worth to the company. To make the most of this period, it is essential to prepare beforehand. Here are some tips on how to prepare for this period. 

1. Understand The Company’s Culture and Values 

Every company has its unique culture and values. It’s essential to understand the company’s culture and values. This helps to fit in and contribute positively to the company’s goals. 

2. Review The Job Details 

Go through the job details to understand what is expected of you during this period. Make sure you understand the scope of the job and its responsibilities. 

3. Learn about The Company’s Products or Services 

Understanding the company’s products or services is essential to contribute effectively. Take the time to learn about the products or services the company offers. Also, learn how they benefit the customers. 

4. Research The Company’s Industry and Competitors 

Understanding the industry and competitors is critical to stay relevant. Research the industry trends, challenges, and opportunities. Also, research the company’s competitors to understand their strengths and weaknesses. 

5. Develop a Plan for Success 

After understanding the above, it’s time to develop a plan for success. The plan should include goals, strategies, and actions to achieve the goals. 

Also Read: Nail Your Next Interview

Tips to Clear Probationary Period 

Here are some tips to help you breeze through the probation period. 

1. Set Clear Goals and Expectations 

Understand your job requirements and set clear goals. Communicate your goals and expectations to your seniors. This will help you move in the right direction. 

2. Communicate Effectively with Seniors and Peers  

Effective communication is critical to success in any job. Keep your seniors and peers informed about your progress and challenges. This will help you perform better.  

3. Take The Initiative and Be Proactive 

Don’t wait for instructions. Take the initiative to identify problems and find solutions. Be proactive in seeking out new projects to contribute. 

4. Show a Willingness to Learn and Improve 

Be open to feedback and suggestions for improvement. Show a willingness to learn new skills and take on new challenges. This will help you develop a positive approach. 

5. Meet Deadlines 

Deliver your work on time and to a high standard. Exceed expectations to show your value to the company. This will increase your value for the company. 

6. Seek Feedback and Use It Positively 

Regularly seek probation period feedback from your seniors and peers. Use the feedback to identify areas for improvement. Take action to address them. You will become a better version of yourself. 

7. Show a Positive Attitude and Be a Team Player 

Maintain a positive attitude, even in tough situations. Be a team player by offering support to your peers. 

Probation Period Simplified

The probationary period is a crucial time for you to establish yourself. It is an opportunity to learn about the company. This includes its culture, products or services, and industry. You can use this to develop a plan for success.

You can breeze through this period and establish yourself as a valuable person to the company. New employees can clear this period easily with hard work and a positive attitude. They can enjoy a long and successful career with the company ahead. 

Evaluate numerous career choices to choose the right career path for yourself. Dive into our guide on Career Advice.

Frequently Asked Questions on Probation Period

What is a probation period in a job?  

The meaning of the probationary period is that it is the period in a job during which a new employee’s work is evaluated. This is to determine whether or not they are a good fit for the position and the company. It is a trial period for the employee and the employer. 

How long does a probation period usually last? 

Its length varies depending on the company and the position. In India, it lasts for three to six months. But it can be longer or shorter depending on the company’s probation period policy. 

Can we quit our job during the probation period? 

Yes, an employee can quit a job during this period. But it is advisable to give proper notice, as per the terms of employment. 

What will happen after the probation period? 

The employee will be evaluated based on the agreed-upon criteria. Employees will be offered a permanent position with the company if they have performed well. If not, the company might choose to extend this period or terminate the employment contract. The employee will be informed about the decision. Any necessary action will be taken per the company’s probation period policy. 

Do we get salary in probation period?

Employees do receive salary during this period. The salary is lower than that of a permanent employee. They also might not receive the perks and benefits.

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