Commerce vs Science: Full Comparison, Scope, Salary & More

May 15, 2024
commerce vs science

Quick Summary

  • Science encompasses the study of the world and its elements whereas Commerce generally deals with management studies. It covers the concepts relating to the working of the corporate world.
  • Commerce is considered to be the most dynamic field of study.
  • Science imparts more practical knowledge, making students highly efficient.

Table of Contents

Commerce vs Science! Which stream to choose?

This is the most common query in the minds of 10th graders today. Maximum students remain perplexed regarding which stream to choose after 10th – Science or Commerce. Although the career scope and growth opportunities are immense in both fields, certain factors must be analyzed before taking the final go.

In this article, we will talk about Commerce vs Science in an evolved sense. We will take you to a step-by-step comparison of science vs commerce, which can help you make an informed decision about what to choose and why.

Let us begin by understanding the subjects studied under each stream.

Commerce vs Science: Comparison

Let us get a brief comparison of the science and commerce stream.

SubjectsAccountancy, Economics, Business Studies, Mathematics  Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics  
Difficulty LevelModerateHigh
Best forBusiness and Management Career  Medical and Technical Career
BenefitsThe dynamic field of study, Numerous career optionsThe practical-based study, Tech-oriented stream
Popular CoursesBCom, BBA, CA, CS, CFAMBBS, B.Tech, B.E., B.Sc., BCA
Career ScopeInvestment Banker, Chartered Accountant, Company Secretary, Product Manager, Marketing Manager  Surgeon, Software Engineer, Machine Learner, Database Administrator, Data Scientist
FeesLess ExpensiveMore Expensive

Also Read: The Age-Old Debate of Arts Vs Science Stream

Commerce vs Science – Subject Knowledge

The subject knowledge in science and commerce covers a variety of disciplines. Let us have a look at the subjects under each stream:


Commerce generally deals with management studies. It covers the concepts relating to the working of the corporate world. The core subjects of commerce are:

  • Accounts
  • Economics
  • Business Studies
  • Business Mathematics
  • Pure Mathematics

Related Article: Best Courses and Careers in Commerce Stream


Science encompasses the study of the world and its elements. It imparts knowledge from both theoretical and practical concepts. The core subjects in science are:

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Mathematics
  • Computer Science

Benefits of Science and Commerce Streams

The science and commerce stream offers specific benefits to students. Multiple specialization fields are offered under each stream which helps students develop their careers in their area of interest. Let us now look at the benefits of choosing commerce and science.

Benefits of Science:

Science is one of the eminent disciplines, as it focuses on the natural phenomenon of the functioning of things, their characteristics, etc.  This stream involves studies based on experiments and observations. If you are genuinely curious about how things behave, science can be the appropriate option for you. Science offers the following benefits:

  • Science imparts more practical knowledge, making students highly efficient and increasing their employability.
  • Engineering, one of the most professing career options, can only be pursued if the student retains adequate scientific knowledge.
  • The rigorous changing climate can only be faced and reduced by professionals well-versed in Science and Technology.

Benefits of Commerce:

Commerce is considered to be the most dynamic field of study. It offers a plethora of career opportunities to students in various corporate sectors. If you are fond of numbers and driven towards business and economy, then choosing commerce can be a suitable option. Following are some of the benefits of choosing commerce:

  • Commerce develops management skills and business ethics, which help students to begin your start-ups.
  • Several certification programs are available as a career option for commerce students without mathematics.
  • Commerce provides excellent knowledge of the market and consumer, which helps students to work efficiently in the corporate world.
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Courses after 12th: Commerce vs Science

Numerous courses at the diploma and post-graduate levels. Both the commerce and science stream offers a wide career scope. The courses available after class 12th from the science and commerce stream are:

Commerce Courses:

  • Bachelor of Commerce (BCom)
  • Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)
  • Bachelor of Management Studies (BMS)
  • Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM)
  • Chartered Accountant (CA)
  • Company Secretary (CS)
  • Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)
  • Certified Management Accounting (CMA)

Here are some helpful resources for Commerce Students:

Courses after Science:

Career Scope & Salary: Commerce vs Science

The science and commerce streams are the most sought-after areas of study among Indian students. While the science stream focuses on the technical and medical aspects, the commerce stream is more inclined towards the corporate world. Following are the prospecting career opportunities offering the highest-paying jobs in the science and commerce field study:

Highest-Paying Jobs after Commerce:

  • Medical Surgeon – INR 25 LPA
  • Data Scientist – INR 20 LPA
  • Full-Stack Developer – INR 17 LPA
  • Biotechnologist – INR 6.4 LPA
  • Blockchain Developer – INR 21.5 LPA
  • Software Engineer – INR 14 LPA
  • Data Administrator – INR 22.1 LPA
  • Machine Learning Engineer – INR 22 LPA

Highest-Paying Jobs after Science:

  • Chartered Accountant – INR 15 LPA
  • Chartered Financial Analyst – INR 15.4
  • Investment Banker – INR 33 LPA
  • Company Secretary – INR 17 LPA
  • Actuary – INR 11.9 LPA
  • Product Manager – INR 35 LPA
  • Marketing Manager – INR 23 LPA
  • Research Analyst – INR 8.5 LPA

Skills Required To Study Science 

Science students require certain skills so that they can understand all its subjects (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) better. As science is the subject of understanding scientific concepts better to succeed in this field. These are skills that every student choosing science must develop. 


Observation skills are one of the fundamental and must have skills for science students. This skill helps students to find and see everything in detail. And science is all about detailed observations and fine experiments. 


Classifying skills help science students to differentiate among various elements depending on their properties. This skill builds on the foundation of observation skills. 


The ability to measure accurately is another skill that is required to study science well.  From doing lab experiments to physics calculations, everything requires accurate measurements. 


This skill helps students spot the pattern from the events of previous experiments or current evidences. Which helps making an educated decision.  

Skills Required To Study Commerce 

Commerce is a stream which educates students about numbers, taxes and business. And if a student chooses to make a career in the commerce field they need to learn a few skills to be successful in their careers. 

Problem Solving Skills 

Problem-solving skills help commerce students to better understand complex questions, understand them and find out solutions to problems.  

Analytical Skills 

Commerce includes topics like statistics, data and accounting numbers, to solve all these students need to analyse every detail. Learning analytical skills help students understand the data better and solve the questions. 

Communication Skills 

Communication skills are crucial for any student and when you enter the field of business, it becomes more important that you have the ability to communicate your thoughts and visions clearly in front of people.   

Key Points of Difference Between Science vs Commerce 





Science has the subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Maths. These subjects get divided further in several sub-subjects in higher education courses. 

Commerce includes the subjects like Accounting, Economics, Business Studies, Maths, Taxes and Finance. 

Selection Criteria 

Students who score well in subjects of science in 10th boards can easily choose science. 

Commerce doesn’t have such requirements students need to score well overall. And good maths can be a plus point. 

Difficulty Level 

Science requires more time and effort from students, and difficulty level is high. 

Commerce is comparatively easier for students than science.  

Change of Stream 

Science students can easily shift from science stream to commerce or arts. 

Commerce students can easily shift to arts. 


Science UG/PG courses like B.Tech and BCA are quite expensive. 

Commerce students can choose affordable UG/PG courses like B.Com, BBA etc. 

Career Options 

After doing science career options like Engineering, Machine Learning, Doctor gets opened. 

Commerce students can choose career roles in Banking, Accounting, Business. 

What to Choose and Why? Commerce or Science?

Now that we have discussed in detail science vs commerce. We come back to the question of what to choose and why?

Well, the answer to this question depends on you. Both fields of study – Science and Commerce, open up many career opportunities for you. Our article covers several aspects of both streams, which can help you better understand the structure and future scope of the science and commerce stream. Refer to our article, find out your area of interest, and make an informed decision.

We hope this article helped you to make your choice.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Is science or commerce is better for future?

In this article, we have provided a detailed comparison of commerce vs science. After knowing the several factors of both streams, you have to determine where your interest lies. Identify your potential and your ultimate career goal to choose a stream. Both streams are highly rewarding in their own field of knowledge.

Q.2 Which earns more commerce or science?

The career scope in both science and commerce streams is extremely wide. These offer a number of reputed job profiles with astounding salary packages. However, on a comparative basis science students tend to earn more than commerce students.

Q.3 Is commerce easy or science?

Commerce is considered to be easier as compared with science. Science comprises major technical and math-oriented subjects which makes it tougher than commerce.

Q.4 Does the commerce stream have maths? 

Yes, the commerce stream has maths. There are subjects like Accounting, Statistics, Economy etc which require mathematical skills. Although the maths used in commerce is different from solving Physics problems, commerce students still need to have a good hold on maths.

ered reputable and one of the most high-paying career options. Some of the high-pay job roles in commerce are:   

  • Charted Accountant (CA) 
  • Company Secretary (CS) 
  • Cost Accountant 
  • Investment Banker 
  • Financial Analyst 
  • Actuary 
  • Certified Financial Analyst 
  • Retail Manager 
  • Budget Analyst 
  • Marketing Manager 

Q.10 Which commerce has highest salary? 

Ans:  If you choose commerce field you can make career in various commerce-related job profiles like  

  • Charted Accountant 
  • Investment Banker  
  • Finacial Analyst 
  • Company Secretary 

However, if you look at the highest paying commerce job Actuary is the one, as the estimated salary of an experienced Actuary professional is Rs. 10 LPA in India. 

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