Career after M.Sc. Physics: Scope, Courses, Jobs

May 15, 2024
career after M.Sc. Physics

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The career scope after a master’s degree in Physics is very vast. It exposes physics students to assorted fields, including medical, nuclear, private as well as government sectors. The subjects studied in this course impart both theoretical and practical knowledge that enriches students for entering the job industry.

In this article, we will discuss the scope and career after M.Sc.Physics. Let us begin by looking at the course options that are available after MSc Physics.

Related Read: BSc Physics- Course Details and Salary

Courses after M.Sc. Physics

Here are some of the courses after M.Sc. Physics that you can take up for higher studies. These courses will help you gain deeper knowledge and a wide reach of multiple career opportunities:

  1. PhD in Applied Physics
  2. PhD in Biophysics
  3. Ph.D. in Chemical Thermodynamics
  4. Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics
  5. PhD in Physics

Refer: How to apply for a PhD- Complete Guide

1. PhD in Applied Physics

If you wish to dwell deeper into the scientific subject matter, you can pursue a Ph.D. in Applied Physics. Applied Physics deals with the study of the applicability of the technology in physics. You will be researching Ferroelectrics, Photonics, Carbon Nano Tubes, Photonic Crystal, Metamaterials, Plasmonic Solar cells, etc.

The different sectors you can opt for after Ph.D. in applied Physics are Medical Physics Facilities, High Tech Industries, Medical Labs, Sales & Marketing Companies, and Scientific Writings.


  • Master’s degree or M.Phil. degree from a recognized university.
  • A minimum aggregate of 55%.
  • PhD Entrance exams for specific universities.

2. PhD in Biophysics

Biophysics deals with the study of physical science to study biological systems. You can be a research fellow in biochemistry, nanotechnology, bioengineering, agro-physics, systems biology, etc.

The different sectors you can opt for after PhD in Biophysics are Pharmaceutical Companies, Government Hospitals, Medical Research Labs, Environment Protection Companies, and Defence Services. PhD in Biophysics provides a great career scope after M.Sc. Physics.


  • MSc or MTech degree in Biophysics/Biochemistry/Physics.
  • A minimum aggregate of 60%.
  • Entrance exams like UGC, JRF, SLET, NET, etc are to be cleared.

3. Ph.D. in Chemical Thermodynamics

You can also opt for a Ph.D. in Chemical Thermodynamics after M.Sc. Physics. Chemical Thermodynamics deals with the study of heat involving chemical reactions.


  • Master’s degree from a recognized university.
  • A minimum aggregate of 55%.
  • Entrance exams for particular universities

4. Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics

A Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics after M.Sc. Physics is another fascinating option. Nuclear Physics deals with studying building blocks and interactions of atomic nuclei. Research areas include nuclear force, nuclear power, nuclear astrophysics, archaeological dating, fundamental symmetries, etc.

The different sectors you can apply for are Nuclear Power Plants, Aerospace Sector, Nuclear Energy Research Centres, Medical Research Labs, and Nuclear Physics Labs.


  • MSc or MTech degree from a recognized university.
  • A minimum aggregate of 70%.
  • Entrance exams like JRF or Gate have to be cleared.

5. PhD in Physics

You can take up pursuing a PhD in Physics after completing B.Sc. Physics and M.Sc. Physics. It deals with the study of matter physics, quantum optics, laser physics, solid-state physics, materials science, electronic science, high energy physics, non-linear optics, etc.

You will have to research about topics from magnetism, glasses, liquid crystals, thin films, semiconductors, nanostructure materials, quantum field theory, Quantum chromodynamics, non-linear dynamics, quantum computing, to modern quantum optics.

The different sectors you can opt for after Ph.D. in Physics are Physics Research Labs, Radiation Protection Centres, Oil and Gas Companies, and Energy Companies. Doing a Ph.D. in Physics is one of the best careers after pursuing M.Sc. Physics.


  • Bachelor’s degree, M. Phil/ MSc in Physics or Master Science.
  • A minimum aggregate of 60%.
  • Entrance Exams like CSIR/UGC, CSIR/UGC-JRF, JEST/GATE, etc may be required to clear.
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Jobs after M.Sc. Physics

Various reputed industries offer high-end job profiles with an astounding salary package. Following are some job opportunities and career paths available after pursuing a master’s degree in Physics.

  1. Research Analyst
  2. Medical Physicist
  3. Research Scientist
  4. Assistant Professor
  5. Laboratory Technician
  6. Research Officer
  7. Assistant Scientist
  8. Network Administrator
  9. Interface Engineer

1. Research Analyst

Research analyst is one of the prospering careers after M.Sc. Physics. A research analyst interprets and presents data related to an organisation’s marketing conditions and work operations.

Average Salary: A research analyst earns an average salary of around INR 3.2 Lakhs per annum.

2. Medical Physicist

A medical physicist works in the health care sector and implements their knowledge of Physics in developing and utilising medical treatment radiation, technology, and devices.

Average Salary: The average salary of a medical physicist is INR 7.3 Lakhs per annum.

3. Research Scientist

Another exciting career option after physics is Research Scientist. A research scientist analyzes information and creates designs for controlled laboratory-based investigations, trials, and experiments.

Average Salary: An average salary ofINR 8.71 Lakhs per annum is earned by a research scientist.

4. Assistant Professor

An Assistant Professor teaches the specialization subjects to students at various educational institutions or universities. They create several educational assignments and project work for students and analyze their knowledge.

Average Salary: An assistant professor can earn an average salary of INR 4 Lakhs per annum.

5. Laboratory Technician

A Laboratory Technician is responsible for maintaining all the aspects of laboratory work including recording data and maintaining equipment.

Average Salary: The average salary of a laboratory technician is around INR 2.40 Lakhs per annum.

6. Research Officer

Research officer is an enhancing career after MSc Physics. A research officer is responsible for supervising research projects to accomplish specific objectives. This is one of the most reputed MSc Physics jobs. Average Salary: A research officer earns an average salary of INR 4 Lakhs per annum.

7. Assistant Scientist

An Assistant scientist provides support to scientists in research and educational subject matter. They are also responsible for maintaining laboratory equipment and supplying inventory records.

Average Salary: The average salary of an assistant scientist ranges around INR 6 Lakhs per annum.

8. Network Administrator

The career after MSc Physics also includes technology. A network administrator manages the day-to-day network operations of an organization by organizing, installing, and supporting the network systems.

Average Salary: The average salary of a network administrator is INR 4.4 Lakhs per annum.

9. Interface Engineer

An Interface Engineer is responsible for managing the software development life cycle, interface engine workflow, raw clinical data, and data transformation.

Average Salary: An interface engineer earns an average salary of INR 7.0 Lakhs per annum.

Top Recruiters for Physics Postgraduates

1. Industries

There is a bright Career after MSc Physics. It offers plenty of job profiles in high-end industrial sectors. Here are some of the top areas of recruitment for MSc Physics graduates:

  • Nanotechnology
  • Robotics
  • Defense Services
  • Energy Companies
  • Space Astronomy
  • Museums and Planetariums
  • Research & Development
  • Healthcare
  • Geo-Physics and Meteorology
  • Radiation Protection Centres
  • Research Organization

2. Top Organizations

  • Genpact
  • Infosys
  • Barclays
  • Jacobs Pharma
  • Alkem
  • Dr. Reddys
  • Accenture
  • NDTV
  • Healthy Life Pharma Pvt. Ltd.
  • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
  • Asian Paints
  • Titan
  • IBM
  • OBEROIS Group
  • Capgemini

3. Government Organizations

  • Public Sector Bank
  • Staff Selection Commission
  • Union Public Service Commission
  • Indian Defence Services
  • Indian State Services
  • Indian Forest Services
  • State PCS

A Bright Career After MSc Physics

MSc Physics graduates get plenty of course options that can boost their profile and take them to great heights in their careers. Multiple reputed job opportunities exist where students can advance their careers and learn and grow.

It provides Physics majors with high-end career opportunities in various sophisticated work areas and helps them grab excellent salary packages.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the scope of MSc physics?

A master’s degree in physics enables students to dwell deeper into the subject matter of physics. It develops students to deal with real-world mechanisms. There is a huge scope of MSc physics as the study covers various fields like pharmaceutical industries, hospitals, research labs, and many more. It also opens up several opportunities in the government sector.

What are the jobs after MSc in physics and salary?

Numerous career opportunities are available for students with a master’s degree in physics. These jobs not only cover the private sector but also expose students to government units. Some of the jobs after MSc physics are research scientist, medical physicist, research analyst, laboratory technician, and more. The average salary of an MSc physics graduate is around INR 9 lakhs per annum.

Is MSc Physics a difficult course?

The difficulty of a subject or course generally depends on the student’s approach. MSc physics is an upgraded branch of BSc physics. The knowledge and subject matter involved are generally quite critical in MSc Physics. However, students who have a strong understanding of physics and maths, may not find it difficult.

Which branch is the best in MSc physics?

The study area of physics is vast and comprises numerous specialization fields. A wide range of branches is available in MSc physics like thermodynamics, nuclear physics, particle physics, geophysics, biophysics, classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, astrophysics, optics, atomic, and molecular physics. However, nuclear physics and astrophysics are considered to be the best branch of MSc physics.

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