Scope and Career after  M.Sc. in Physics


This article focuses on courses, scope, and career options after M.Sc. in Physics. Let’s start with the basics. What is M.Sc. Physics?

Masters of Science in Physics (M.Sc. Physics) provides you with a chance to enhance your mathematical problem solving and critical thinking skills. These help students to understand scientific data. You will gather skills like numerical problem-solving, data analysis, and the communication of complex ideas. Along with this, you will better understand how the world works on a scientific level.

Physicists have helped us usher in the modern age. Their complex theories help bring sense to this confusing place we call home. And, as a physics student, you will do the same. However, it would be best to be very strong with numbers and scientific principles. Furthermore, it would be best if you had a keen interest in discoveries related to the physical world.

Some of the Qualities that you need to proceed to carry on are:

  • Research and problem solving
  • Fluent in using scientific equipment
  • Very good mathematical skills
  • Programming
  • Modelling and simulation
  • Quality control protocol
  • Strategic communication skills
  • Work as a team

Now the main question is: physics
September 4, 2021
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Table of Contents

What are the careers after M.Sc. Physics?

Here are some Courses after M.Sc. Physics physics courses

Doctorate in Philosophy

You can pursue an M.Phil./PhD as a career after M.Sc.Physics will also help you get more knowledge, experience, and a higher job role. Here are some of the options for a PhD which are the best after M.Sc. Physics:

  • PhD in Applied Physics
    You can do a PhD in Applied Physics and make your career after M.Sc.Physics. Applied Physics deals with the study of the applicability of technology in physics. You will have to research Photonics, Ferroelectrics, Carbon Nano Tubes, Photonic Crystal, Metamaterials, Plasmonic Solar cells, etc. The different sectors you can opt for after PhD in Nuclear Physics are:
    • Medical Physics Facilities
    • High Tech Industries
    • Medical Labs
    • Sales & Marketing Companies
    • Scientific Writings
  • PhD in Biophysics
    You can do a PhD in Biophysics and make your career after M.Sc.Physics. Biophysics deals with the study of physical science to study biological systems. You will have to research biochemistry, nanotechnology, bioengineering, agro-physics, systems biology, etc. The different sectors you can opt for after PhD in Biophysics are:

  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Government Hospitals
  • Medical Research Labs
  • Environment Protection Companies
  • Defence Services

PhD in Biophysics provides a great career after M.Sc. Physics.

  • PhD in Chemical Thermodynamics
    You can also opt for a PhD in Chemical Thermodynamics after M.Sc. Physics. Chemical Thermodynamics deals with the study of heat involving chemical reactions.
  • PhD in Nuclear Physics
    You can do a PhD in Nuclear Physics after M.Sc. Physics. Nuclear Physics deals with studying building blocks and interactions of atomic nuclei. You will have to research nuclear force, nuclear power, nuclear astrophysics, archaeological dating, fundamental symmetries, etc. The different sectors you can opt for after PhD in Nuclear Physics are:
    • Nuclear Power Plants
    • Aerospace Sector
    • Nuclear Energy Research Centres
    • Medical Research Labs
    • Nuclear Physics Labs
  • PhD in Physics
    You can always do a PhD in Physics after M.Sc. Physics. Physics deals with the study of matter physics, quantum optics and laser physics, solid-state physics and materials science and electronic science, high energy physics, non-linear optics, etc. You will have to research magnetism, glasses, liquid crystals, thin films, semiconductors, nanostructure materials, quantum field theory, quantum chromodynamics, non-linear dynamics, quantum computing, modern quantum optics, etc. The different sectors you can opt for after PhD in Physics are:

  • Physics Research Labs
  • Radiation Protection Centres
  • Oil and Gas Companies
  • Energy Companies

Doing a PhD in Physics is one of the best careers after M.Sc. Physics.

M.Sc. Physics Jobs

  • Research Analyst
    Research Analyst is one of the careers after M.Sc. Physics. You can indulge in scientific research and development as a trainee/ technician/ senior researcher. If you join after doing M.Phil./PhD in Physics as a leading researcher, you may also gain the ‘Chartered Physicist’ given by the Institute of Physics.
  • Space and Astronomy
    Roles within the space and astronomy sector are limited, and even if you get a chance, they may not include you in any direct involvement in space travel. So it would be best if you opted for the museums and planetariums. In contrast, as an astronaut, you would be studying the universe, collecting data from global satellites and spacecraft, operating radio and optical telescopes, etc.
  • Healthcare
    Physicists in Medical physics work alongside biomedical engineers to invent, review, and maintain medical equipment. You have a huge scope in the areas like- radiology, radiation oncology, and nuclear medicine, where you will be testing the latest technologies. Suppose you know about accelerator physics, radiation detection, and materials science. In that case, you can also opt for research-based roles in medical technology companies, healthcare providers, research centres, and academic institutions.

masters in physics

  • Energy
    After completing M.Sc. in Physics, you can indulge in the renewable or non-renewable energy sector. The area of focus for renewable energy includes extracting fossil fuel and oil reserves, etc. Here you need to use the latest technologies to extract as much as possible in the most efficient way. With the prospect of non-renewable running out, companies are now focusing on renewable alternatives. These include wind, solar energy, etc. Thus, you can also opt for this as a career option because there is a huge scope in it soon.
  • Technology
    With the increase in demand for robotics, nanotechnology, and nano-science, there is a huge scope of work in this sector for you. Your main work will be researching and developing new ideas and products with other scientists/ researchers.
  • Geophysics and meteorology
    After studying M.Sc. in Physics, you will have scientific knowledge and understand how the Earth functions—being a geophysicist. It would be best to concentrate on predicting natural disasters, whereas being a meteorologist, your focus will be daily weather forecasting, long-term effects of climate change, etc. This makes a great career after M.Sc.Physics.
  • College Lecturer/ Professor
    You can become a teacher in government or private colleges and universities, with jobs in polytechnic institutes, degree colleges, engineering colleges, etc. You need to appear for NET (National Eligibility Test) or SET (State Eligibility Test) to become a lecturer/professor at Colleges and Universities after clearing M.Sc. Physics. Even if you don’t pass these entrance tests, you can also become a teacher at higher secondary schools if you have a B.Ed. Before your M.Sc. You will have the option to join either part-time or a full-time teacher.
  • Banking
    The most interesting fact is that you can also opt for public sector banking. Banks do recruit M.Sc. Physics graduates for the post of Probationary Officers. It is one of the jobs after M.Sc. Physics.
  • Business/ Start-up
    You can always go ahead and start your own agency/ company. Here you can provide solutions with your domain or any other business you like/look up to. Starting a business requires a good team, plan, capital, etc. For making a business/successful, you need to know almost everything like Marketing, HR skills, technical skills, etc. You need to have leadership skills. But always remember that doing a business/ start-up is the most challenging option with significant risk. You might or not succeed. But if you succeed, you will reach heights that you can’t reach by any of the above options.

Organizations and Salary

One of the above career options here are some examples of the organization where you can find a place:

  • Defense Research and Development Organization
  • Indian Space Research Organization
  • Space Application Centre
  • Atomic Research Centre
  • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • National Thermal Power Corporation
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
  • National Atmospheric Research Laboratory of Department of Space
  • Physical Research Laboratory
  • Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • Nuclear Science Centre
  • National Geographical Research Institute
  • Regional Research Laboratories
  • National Institute of Science Communication and Information Sources

As a fresher, you will get Rs 12,000 to Rs 18,000 p.m. if you join a good research organization off Campus. Whereas if you pass out from a good institution, on-campus placements will get you: Rs. 9-10 Lakhs p.a. (approx.) and it increases up to 30 Lakhs p.a., depending upon your skills and experience. And if you become a teacher, government colleges will provide you with Rs. 40,000 (approx).

Not Enough?

Do you want to earn money along with pursuing a career after M.Sc. Physics?

Here are some of the ways you can earn money and choose a career after M.Sc. Physics:

  • Freelancing means when someone independently provides a service to a firm or an individual on a project/ contract basis. Being a freelancer gives you a variety of options to experiment with, like giving consultancy to different firms in your domain, working on timed projects, etc. By doing this, you will be able to garner great amounts of experience in your area of expertise and along with that earn well.
  • YoutuberYou can become a Youtuber by posting self-made videos on different aspects of an MBA and your specialization on Youtube. You can spread your knowledge to millions of students through Youtube for free. The main twist is that Youtube will pay you if you can drive a certain number of viewers/views for your channel. There is a huge scope in this because there is a huge demand for physics tutorial videos online. You can add the Youtube videos to your website and gather traffic from there. You may also use the free Youtube videos to give free demo classes so that you can drive students to pay you for your courses.
  • TutoringYou can sit back home and do private tutoring for Physics both Offline and Online if you like teaching. You can teach students offline at your own home or reach out to them at their private place. For online tutoring, you may take the help of Chegg India, which offers an online platform for you to teach. You can also join Chegg India as a Subject Matter Expert to answer theoretical questions asked by students on their Question & answer board. They pay you per question you answered, so at the end of a month. You can easily earn between Rs 30,000 – Rs 50,000 and even more, depending on your calibre. So you can make a handsome amount of money through Chegg India just by sitting back at home and doing part-time teaching. You need to clear a small test (Subject and guidelines) to enrol yourself as a subject matter expert—many M.Sc. Physics graduates chose Chegg as their career after M.Sc.Physics.
  • Part-time Jobs: You can join in as an assistant or some other role for research institutes that cannot afford to hire full-time Physicist. There are a lot of other roles to work as a part-timer in the back office. But if you want more income, you can join in sales for extra incentives. You will get the experience of office work through part-time jobs.
  • Blogging/ Content WritingIf you have a passion for writing, you can become a part-time blogger with your website where you can write, post videos, etc., on Physics or some other topic. You need to write excellent content with real data related to your chosen topic. You can also answer the questions of the students through your web page. Becoming a blogger/ content writer helps you gather traffic which is a very good way of earning money.

You can also read our article on the scope of B.Sc Physics.

Final Thoughts

To sum it all, after M.Sc. Physics: You need to choose something from the earlier options in your career after M.Sc.Physics to gain an extra edge in your career.

So, I guess now you have a fair idea about courses after M.Sc. Physics. I answered some of the fundamental questions in this article, like- What to do after M.Sc. Physics? What are the courses after M.Sc. Physics? What are the job opportunities and careers after M.Sc. Physics?

Today, many companies and organisations are looking for specialized and expert Physicists to get a better outcome in the specified field of innovation. I have discussed the careers after M.Sc. Physics jobs and courses after M.Sc. Physics, so go through the information I mentioned above and take the right decision. Everything has its pros and cons, but still, you have to make a choice, and it should be your own decision so that later you don’t regret/ blame someone else.

Last but not least- good luck with your career.

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