Scope and Career after  M.Sc. in Physics


This article focuses on courses, scope, and career options after M.Sc. in Physics. Let’s start with the basics. What is M.Sc. Physics?

Masters of Science in Physics (M.Sc. Physics) provides you a chance to enhance your mathematical problem solving and critical thinking skills. These help students to understand scientific data. You will gather skills like numerical problem-solving, data analysis, and the communication of complex ideas. Along with this, you will a better understanding of how the world works on a scientific level.

Physicists have helped us usher in the modern age. With their complex theories, they help bring sense to this confusing place we call home. And, as a physics student, you will do the same. However, you need to be very strong with numbers and scientific principles. Furthermore, you need to have a keen interest in discoveries related to the physical world.

Some of the Qualities that you definitely need to proceed to carry on are:

  • Research and problem solving
  • Fluent in using scientific equipment
  • Very good mathematical skills
  • Programming
  • Modeling and simulation
  • Quality control protocol
  • Strategic communication skills
  • Work as a team physics
September 4, 2021
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Table of Contents


Now the main question is:

What are the careers after M.Sc. Physics?

Here are some Courses after M.Sc. Physics

Doctorate in Philosophy

You can pursue an M.Phil./ Ph.D. as a career after M.Sc.Physics, which will also help you get more knowledge, experience, and a higher job role. Here are some of the options to opt for a Ph.D. which are the best after M.Sc. Physics:

  • Ph.D. in Applied Physics
    You can do a Ph.D. in Applied Physics and make your career after M.Sc.Physics. Applied Physics deals with the study of the applicability of the technology in physics. You will have to research in Photonics, Ferroelectrics, Carbon Nano Tubes, Photonic Crystal, Metamaterials and Plasmonic Solar cells, etc. The different sectors you can opt for after Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics are:
    • Medical Physics Facilities
    • High Tech Industries
    • Medical Labs
    • Sales & Marketing Companies
    • Scientific Writings
  • Ph.D. in Biophysics
    You can do a Ph.D. in Biophysics and make your career after M.Sc.Physics. Biophysics deals with the study of physical science to study biological systems. You will have to research in biochemistry, nanotechnology, bioengineering, agro-physics, and systems biology, etc. The different sectors you can opt for after Ph.D. in Biophysics are:

  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Government Hospitals
  • Medical Research Labs
  • Environment Protection Companies
  • Defense Services

Ph.D. in Biophysics provides a great careers after M.Sc. Physics.

  • Ph.D. in Chemical Thermodynamics
    You can also opt for a Ph.D. in Chemical Thermodynamics after M.Sc. Physics. Chemical Thermodynamics deals with the study of heat involving chemical reactions.
  • Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics
    You can do a Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics after M.Sc. Physics. Nuclear Physics deals with the study of building blocks and interactions of atomic nuclei. You will have to do research on the nuclear force, nuclear power, nuclear astrophysics, archaeological dating, fundamental symmetries, etc. The different sectors you can opt for after Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics are:
    • Nuclear Power Plants
    • Aerospace Sector
    • Nuclear Energy Research Centres
    • Medical Research Labs
    • Nuclear Physics Labs
  • Ph.D. in Physics
    You can always do a Ph.D. in Physics after M.Sc. Physics. Physics deals with the study of matter physics, quantum optics and laser physics, solid-state physics and materials science and electronic science, high energy physics, nonlinear optics, etc. You will have to do research on magnetism, glasses, liquid crystals, thin films, semiconductors, nanostructure materials, quantum field theory, quantum chromodynamics, non-linear dynamics, quantum computing, modern quantum optics, etc. The different sectors you can opt for after Ph.D. in Physics are:

  • Physics Research Labs
  • Radiation Protection Centres
  • Oil and Gas Companies
  • Energy Companies

Doing a Ph.D. in Physics is one of the best careers after M.Sc. Physics.

M.Sc. Physics Jobs

  • Research Analyst
    Research Analyst is one of the careers after M.Sc. Physics. You can indulge yourself in scientific research and development as a trainee/ technician/ senior researcher. If you join after doing M.Phil./Ph.D. in Physics, as a leading researcher you may also gain the title of ‘Chartered Physicist’ given by the Institute of Physics.
  • Space and Astronomy
    Roles within the space and astronomy sector are limited and even if you get a chance, they may not include you in any direct involvement in space travel. So you definitely need to opt for the museums and planetariums whereas as an astronaut you would be studying the universe, collecting data from global satellites and spacecraft; operating radio and optical telescopes, etc.
  • Healthcare
    Physicists in Medical physics work alongside biomedical engineers to invent, review, and maintain medical equipment. You have a huge scope in the areas like- radiology, radiation oncology, and nuclear medicine, where you will be testing the latest technologies. If you have knowledge of accelerator physics, radiation detection, and materials science then you can also opt for research-based roles in medical technology companies, healthcare providers, research centers, and academic institutions.

  • Energy
    After completing M.Sc. in Physics you can indulge yourself in the renewable or non-renewable energy sector. The area of focus for renewable energy includes extracting fossil fuel and oil reserves, etc. Here you need to use the latest technologies to extract as much as possible in the most efficient way. With the prospect of non-renewable running out, companies are now focusing on renewable alternatives. These include wind, solar energy, etc. Thus, you can also opt for this as a career option because there is a huge scope in it in the near future.
  • Technology
    With the increase in demand for robotics, nanotechnology, and nano-science, there is a huge scope of work in this sector for you. Your main work will be researching and developing new ideas and products with other scientists/ researchers.
  • Geophysics and meteorology
    After studying M.Sc. in Physics you will have scientific knowledge and an understanding of how the Earth functions. Being a geophysicist you need to concentrate on the prediction of natural disasters, whereas being a meteorologist your area of focus will be daily weather forecasting, long-term effects of climate change, etc. This makes a great career after M.Sc.Physics.
  • College Lecturer/ Professor
    You can become a teacher in government or private colleges and universities. With jobs in polytechnic institutes, degree colleges, engineering colleges, etc. You need to appear for NET (National Eligibility Test) or SET (State Eligibility Test) to become a lecturer/professor at Colleges and Universities after clearing M.Sc. Physics. Even if you don’t pass these entrance tests, you can also become a teacher at higher secondary schools if you have done a B.Ed. before your M.Sc. You will have the option to join either as a part-time or a full-time teacher.
  • Banking
    The most interesting fact is that you can also opt for public sector banking, as well. Banks do recruit M.Sc. Physics graduates for the post of Probationary Officers. It is one of the jobs after M.Sc. Physics.
  • Business/ Start-up
    You can always go ahead and start your own agency/ company. Here you can provide solutions with your domain or any other business which you like/ really look up to. For starting a business you need a good team, plan, capital, etc. For making a business/successful you need to have knowledge about almost everything like Marketing, HR skills, technical skills, etc. You definitely need to have leadership skills. But always remember that doing a business/ start-up is the most difficult option with great risk. You might or not succeed. But if you succeed you will definitely reach heights which you can’t reach by any of the above options.

Organizations and Salary

One of the above career options here are some examples of the organization where you can find a place:

  • Defense Research and Development Organization
  • Indian Space Research Organization
  • Space Application Centre
  • Atomic Research Centre
  • Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre
  • National Thermal Power Corporation
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
  • National Atmospheric Research Laboratory of Department of Space
  • Physical Research Laboratory
  • Institute of Nuclear Physics
  • Nuclear Science Centre
  • National Geographical Research Institute
  • Regional Research Laboratories
  • National Institute of Science Communication and Information Sources

As a fresher, you will get Rs 12,000 to Rs 18,000 p.m. if you join a good research organization off Campus. Whereas if you pass out from a good institution, on-campus placements would get you: Rs. 9-10 Lakhs p.a. (approx.) and it increases up to 30 Lakhs p.a., depending upon your skills and experience. And if you become a teacher, government colleges will provide you with Rs. 40,000 (approx).

Not Enough?

Do you want to earn money along with pursuing a career after M.Sc.Physics?

Well here are some of the ways you can earn money along with choosing a career after M.Sc.Physics:

  • Freelancing means when someone independently provides a service to a firm or an individual on a project/ contract basis. Being a freelancer gives you a variety of options to experiment with, like giving consultancy to different firms in your domain, working on timed projects, etc. Doing this, you will be able to garner great amounts of experience in your area of expertise and along with that earn well.
  • YoutuberYou can become a Youtuber by posting self-made videos on different aspects of an MBA and your specialization on Youtube. You can spread your knowledge to millions of students through Youtube for free. The main twist is that you will be paid by Youtube if you can drive a certain number of viewers/views for your channel. There is a huge scope in this because there is a huge demand for physics tutorial videos online. You can add the Youtube videos in your own website and can also gather traffic from there. You may also use the free Youtube videos to give free demo classes so that you can drive students to pay you for your courses.
  • TutoringYou can sit back home and do private tutoring for Physics both Offline and Online if you really like teaching. For offline you can teach students at your own home or reach out to them at their private place. For online tutoring, you may take the help of Chegg India which is offering an online platform for you to teach. You can also join Chegg India as a Subject Matter Expert to answer academic questions asked by students on their Question & answer board.They pay you per question you answered, so at the end of a month you can easily earn between Rs 30,000 – Rs 50,000 and even more depending on your caliber. So you can definitely earn a handsome amount of money through Chegg India just by sitting back at home and doing part-time teaching. You need to clear a small test (Subject test and Guidelines Test) to enroll yourself as a subject matter expert. Many M.Sc. Physics graduates chose Chegg as their career after M.Sc.Physics.
  • Part-time JobsYou can join in as an assistant or some other role for research institutes who cannot afford to hire full-time Physicist. There are a lot of other roles to work as a part-timer in the back office. But if you want more income you can join in sales for extra incentives. You will get the experience of office work through part-time jobs.
  • Blogging/ Content WritingIf you have a passion to write, you can become a part-time blogger with your own website where you can write, post videos, etc on Physics or some other topic. You need to write very good content and with real data related to the topic, you are choosing. You can also answer the questions of the students through your web-page. Becoming a blogger/ content writer helps you to gather traffic which is a very good way of earning money.

You can also read our article on scope of B.Sc Physics.

Final Thoughts

To sum it all, after M.Sc. Physics, you need to choose something from the above-mentioned options of career after M.Sc.Physics to gain an extra edge in your career.

So, I guess now you have a fair idea about courses after M.Sc. Physics. I answered some of the basic questions in this article like- What to do after M.Sc. Physics?  What are the courses after M.Sc. Physics? What are the job opportunities and careers after M.Sc. Physics?

Many companies and organizations in today’s life are looking for specialized and expert Physicists to get a better outcome in the specified field of innovation. I have discussed the careers after M.Sc. Physics jobs and courses after M.Sc. Physics, so go through the information I mentioned above and take the right decision. Everything has its own pros and cons but still, you have to make a choice and it should be your own decision so that later you don’t regret/ blame someone else.

Last but not least- good luck with your career.

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