List Of Polytechnic Courses In India (2023)

February 21, 2024
polytechnic courses

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Polytechnic courses have become more popular career options recently. This is because of their focus on industry experience. Polytechnics help students gain job-related knowledge at a rapid pace. There are a large number of polytechnic courses currently available. Many factors play a part in a student’s choice of course.

What is a polytechnic course? This is the first and most basic question we should address. What sets polytechnics apart from other colleges will also be discussed.

What is a Polytechnic?

A polytechnic is an educational institute that focuses on applied learning. This focus marks them as different from common institutions. Polytechnics blend in-depth theoretical lessons with real-world, tech-based skill development. This type of education is also termed experiential learning.

Polytechnic courses are challenging and technical while also fulfilling. Student clubs and alumni bodies help students find mentors. Such mentors can help students enter industries of their choice. Suitable job opportunities may also arise.

Polytechnics offer a wide range of certificate, diploma, and bachelor’s degree programs. However, postgraduate and doctorate degrees are not available.

Polytechnics have more lenient admission standards. They also have smaller class sizes and lower fees. Let us explore the polytechnic diploma course in greater detail.

Polytechnic courses are essentially technical diplomas. This is the short answer to the question, “what are polytechnic courses?” The polytechnic diploma is perfect for those wanting to pursue technical careers. However, they may not want to pursue a bachelor’s course.

Polytechnic courses are diploma or vocational programs that focus on imparting technical knowledge. They typically last three years, at the end of which candidates receive a diploma certificate.

Students can find jobs in various industries with polytechnic courses. Many B.Tech specializations are also offered in polytechnic diploma programs.

Students can enrol in polytechnic courses or diploma-level programs for engineering jobs. They can later transfer to a B. Tech (Bachelor of Technology) or B E (Bachelor of Engineering) program.

Advantages of switching to polytechnic courses after 12th

Polytechnic diploma programs offer excellent and quick job choices. After the polytechnic diploma program, students have a lot of career options. They can work in engineering-related fields or even non-tech industries.

Such programs are approved by AICTE. They are designed to help students learn the basics and applications of the chosen subject. Students who want to pursue further education should continue their studies.

A polytechnic diploma is adequate to land a suitable career. Students who pursue a polytechnic diploma have good employment prospects and many options. Often, placement cells in polytechnics help students secure jobs right after their course. A student can also pursue further studies after a diploma. Polytechnics thus offer a lot of options. One can pursue job opportunities or pursue further studies. Students can also work part-time after their diploma. They can use the rest of the time to develop their portfolio.

There are many industries one can work in after polytechnic courses. One can work in the private sector, create their own business, or even be self-employed. Examples of government service sector employers include the Indian Army, ONGC, GAIL, Railways, and NSSO.

Who is Eligible for a Polytechnic Diploma?

A polytechnic diploma program has multiple eligibility criteria. Often these vary by college and state. Some states require students to pass entrance exams.

Students should carefully review the requirements before applying. These requirements vary among institutions.

Polytechnic Courses After 12th

All candidates who have passed class 10th or 12th are eligible to apply for the polytechnic diploma courses. Diplomas are available in many engineering subjects. Candidates planning to pursue a polytechnic after the 12th can apply after the announcement of their results.

Time Duration of Polytechnic Courses after 12th

Depending on the course, the length might range from 1-3 years. The maximum length of any polytechnic course is three years, and the minimum is one year. You will receive a diploma certificate once you have finished the courses.

A student can become a junior engineer or a loco pilot after a diploma. You will also be qualified for all mid-level jobs after completing this course.

Eligibility Criteria for Admission in Polytechnic Colleges

The candidates are expected to fulfil the following criteria for polytechnic colleges.

QualificationThe applicant should be a Class 10 or 12 graduate.
Minimum MarksCandidates must have scored 40% or above on the qualifying exam. (Note: This may differ among colleges)
NationalityThe applicant must be an Indian national.
Compulsory SubjectsTo apply for a diploma, polytechnic applicants must have completed Mathematics, Science, and English.

Admission Process for Polytechnic Course

Each state has a separate admissions procedure for polytechnic colleges. Seats are directly available in several states. The candidate must first register and submit the required paperwork. Their academic performance will be considered when choosing them.

Certain states have an entrance exam for admission to the polytechnic program. Students must fill out an application form and take the admission exam. Their selection will be based on their scores.

Some colleges are privately run. Their requirements vary widely. The admissions procedure also differs.

The following guidelines will help them regarding the admission process.

RegistrationCandidates must complete and submit the application form to the relevant authorities. Submission should be within the set deadlines. Candidates must complete the application form and upload the necessary files. A photo and their signature are needed. Some basic information about education and contact information should be added. Candidates must pay the application fee as part of the application procedure.
Issue of admit cardMany states conduct entrance exams to polytechnic programs. All applicants who register within the given dates will receive an admit card from the authorities. The admit card will include all pertinent information about the exam.
Entrance ExamAgencies hold entrance tests for polytechnic diplomas.
Declaration of resultAfter the test, authorities announce the results. The only applicants who can get admission to polytechnic colleges are those who pass the entrance exam.
Counselling ProcessCandidates who pass the entrance exam will receive an invitation to participate in counselling. Following this, the authorities will assign seats to candidates.

What are the courses offered in Polytechnic Courses?

Candidates have many options in polytechnic subjects offered. Courses are available for most engineering subjects. Before deciding on a course, choose an industry. Your interest in working for the industry is crucial in your choice. The list of courses are:

Electronic and Communication Engineering

This is a popular engineering course with exciting job prospects. Many industries employ students from this course.

Civil Engineering

There is potential to secure both government and private sector jobs. Salaries are quite lucrative.

Chemical Engineering

Many pharma companies and other industries employ chemical engineers. Choose this if the chemistry is a strong suit of yours.

Mechanical Engineering

Manufacturing and other industries heavily rely on mechanical engineers. Job options are extensive.

Computer Science and Engineering

With the IT industry boom, this is a promising field. If IT is your calling, opt for this.

Electrical Engineering

Indian Railways regularly employs electrical engineers. You can work in government and private sector jobs.

Aeronautical Engineering

This is for those with a passion for space or aeronautics. Space research and the aviation industry are major employers.

Automobile Engineering

Major automobile companies are based in India. Choose this if you have a passion for vehicles of all shapes and sizes.

Ceramic Engineering

The glass and ceramic industry are ever-growing. There are varied employment opportunities here.

Mining Engineering

This is a major industry with steady employment opportunities. Jobs in government sectors abound.

Fashion Engineering

This course is for those with a passion for fashion. The fashion industry is constantly evolving.

Biotechnology Engineering

Pharma companies employ students of this stream to drive R&D. Many other job options are also available.

Petroleum Engineering

Experts in this field can access lucrative job opportunities.

Instrumentation and Control Engineering

This is a popular course. Private sector jobs are very relevant for this discipline.

Art and Craft

A slightly offbeat stream, this stream is for creative geniuses.

Production Engineering

Learn to specialize in improving efficiency across industries. Students can be versatile and work in diverse industries.

Environmental Engineering

This is very relevant in today’s scenario. Most industries require these experts to conform to norms.

Textile Engineering

The textile industry has stable employment opportunities. Those with a passion for textiles can pursue this.

Agricultural Engineering

Government and private sector job options are extensive. Learn to improve production and yield in this course.

Candidates can thus choose from the mentioned polytechnic subjects list for a bright future.

Details of the Polytechnic Course

A polytechnic provides technical education through a diploma or vocational program. Polytechnic diplomas typically last three years, at the end of which candidates receive a certificate.

Good job options at reputable companies form another USP of polytechnics. Polytechnics offer diplomas in civil, mechanical, and electrical engineering.

Polytechnic Course details,  main ideas, and highlights are listed below:

Course Level12th
Polytechnic Course Duration3 years (6 Semesters)
Polytechnic Eligibility10th from any Recognized Board, minimum 35% in 10th
AgeMinimum of 14 years
Polytechnic Admission ProcessStraightforward in Most Private colleges, for Government colleges Entrance exam
Polytechnic Course feesApprox 5 thousand per year to 50 thousand per year
Exam TypeSemester wise
Polytechnic Starting Average Salary1.5 lakhs to 3 lakhs per year
Polytechnic Job profileJunior Engineer, Teacher
Placement OpportunitiesGovernment Jobs, Electricity Department, PWD, IOCL
Top AchievementMost of the top-level engineers are Diploma holders

What are the Benefits of Undergoing Polytechnic Courses?

Polytechnic courses are job oriented and offer several advantages. They offer more industry-specific exposure. We have detailed some of the benefits below.

Shorter duration

You can support yourself if you intend to begin working after the 2- to 3-year diploma program. In contrast, if you take the traditional route of 10+2 followed by B. Tech. degree, you would be eligible for employment in 6 years.

Excellent industry exposure

In polytechnics, industry experience is prioritized. A student in a polytechnic could have more technical knowledge than a student who has finished high school. Alumni and clubs of such colleges can connect one to industry mentors.

Reasonable fees

A diploma from a polytechnic is less expensive than a BTech, BE, or any other degree program. Typical engineering courses usually have very high fees. Polytechnic courses in contrast can offer technical education at much lower prices.

Easy transition to further studies

You would have good subject knowledge and practical exposure after completing the polytechnic course. This allows you to pursue further studies seamlessly.

List of Polytechnic Course Entrance Exams in India

Several states organize entrance exams for polytechnic courses in India so students can pursue

their careers in polytechnics. Various colleges participate in these exams. The list is given below:

StateEntrance Exam Name
Arunachal PradeshArunachal Pradesh Joint Entrance Examination (APJEE)
BiharDiploma-Certificate Entrance Competitive Examination (DCECE)
Andhra PradeshAndhra Pradesh Polytechnic Common Entrance Test (POLYCET)
AssamAssam Polytechnic Admission Test
Himachal PradeshHP Polytechnic Admission Test (HP PAT)
ChhattisgarhChhattisgarh Pre-Polytechnic Test (CG PPT)
JharkhandPolytechnic Entrance Competitive Examination (PECE)
Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh Pre-Polytechnic Test (MP PPT)
TelanganaTelangana State Polytechnic Common Entrance Test (TS POLYCET)
Uttar PradeshJEECUP
West BengalJEXPO

Polytechnic courses have several advantages for job-oriented candidates. It helps students absorb industry knowledge. They are also more exposed to problem-solving through a network of mentors. It may be important to think about industries one wants to work in at an early stage of education. This will further ease the career path for polytechnic students.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Which is the best course for polytechnics?

There is no one best course for polytechnics. It falls upon the student to decide the industry they want to work in. A popular course may not be a great fit for all. That being said, the following are some popular courses:

1. Agriculture
2. Nursing
3. Art and Craft
4. Software Diploma
5. Engineering is not a great fit for all. That being said, the following are some popular courses.

Q2. Can I pursue a polytechnic course after 12th arts?

Yes, after completing grade 12, students in the art domain can enrol in a polytechnic program. Students in the science path are preferred, nevertheless. Candidates must have at least earned a passing grade in class 10 to be eligible to pursue a polytechnic diploma.

The eligibility criteria may depend on the course one is applying for. Typically,
  • The pupil should graduate from high school with honours.In class 10, the student should have received at least 50% in Science and Math.

Q3. What does a polytechnic course mean?

A polytechnic course enables students to take a diploma or vocational degree based on technical education. Students can enrol in these courses after secondary school. These courses are more industry and job oriented than a conventional ones.

Polytechnic courses emphasize the development of skills and practical experience. Students get exposure to industry experience. This gives them an advantage when looking for jobs. A polytechnic program can be a good launch pad for a career. One can also pursue further education at the end of a program.

Q4. What are the fees for polytechnic courses?

The fee for polytechnic courses differs from college to college. Polytechnics can charge approximately 5 thousand per year to 50 thousand per year. The fees can also vary from course to course. Candidates for this program must have completed either class 10 or 12. Admission to an engineering diploma program is based on class 10 or 12 percentages.

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