BSc Botany: Course Details, Scope, & Jobs

June 27, 2024
bsc botany

Quick Summary

  • BSc Botany focuses on the study of plant life, including anatomy, physiology, and taxonomy.
  • There are various specializations in BSc Botany including Plant Ecology, Plant Pathology, and Ethnobotany.
  • Job opportunities for BSc in Botany graduates, include Botanist, Ecologist, and Plant Biotechnologist.

Table of Contents

BSc Botany or Bachelor of Science in Botany is an undergraduate degree focusing on the study of plants and various plant processes. Botany is a branch of biology that includes various fields of plant structure and properties. The botany degree helps the students become a botanist or an expert in plant and plant physiology in due course of time.

The students can opt to pursue a different range of career opportunities after completion of their B.Sc. Botany such as becoming a Plant Biochemist, a Botanist, or even an Environmental Conservationist. There is no dearth of career options and fields for passionate, hard-working, and dedicated students.

Students pursuing a degree in botany would be in demand until the end of this world because they have the supreme task of understanding the plant kingdom and maintaining the health and balance within it for the benefit of the human race. Hence, BSc Botany is one of the best career options in biology.

B.Sc. Botany Highlights

Students pursuing B.Sc. Botany can choose to master in one or more than one specialisation as mentioned below:

  • Plant Pathology
  • Plant Ecology
  • Plant Mechanisms
  • Plant Culture
  • Agriculture
  • Paleobotany
  • Forensic Botany
  • Archaeobotany

The specific highlights related to B.Sc. in Botany include:

Stream of StudyScience (Bachelor in Science B.Sc.)
Level of StudyBotany Undergraduate
Duration of Study3 Years
Scheme of StudyAnnual or Semester Wise depending upon the college/institution/university
Minimum EligibilityPassed 10+2 level education with PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) or PCMB (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology)
Process Of AdmissionUsually on Merit depending upon the score of 10+2 level and entrance examination conducted by the institute or university as recommended.
Average FeesRanges from INR 15,000 to INR 1,00,000
IndustriesPlant-based Research, Plant-Based Medicine Production, Farm Management, Forest Management, Botanical Surveys, and Environment Conservation, including Archaeological research, among others.
Top Recruiters Government Agencies involved with plant-based research such as the National Chemical Laboratory, and the Indian Institute of Ecology; Environment Activist Agencies such as Greenpeace; Farm Equipment and Chemical Manufacturers such as Pesticide and Insecticide Manufacturers
Expected Average SalaryMinimum of INR 4-8 Lacs

Related blog: Career Options after BSc Biology

Skills Required for B.Sc. Botany

B.Sc. Botany is a Science subject dealing with plants and plant systems. The skills required to study and do well with a degree in Botany would include:

  • Good Understanding of Environment: An environmentally concerned individual would be the right fit for the course of B.Sc. in Botany. The concern should not only be limited to reading the newspaper and expressing disgust. The concern should flow into understanding the roots of the problem and trying to find solutions to check the problems.
  • Love for Plants: Individuals who love plants and have a natural curiosity to understand the plant mechanisms, varieties, and ways to take care of plants would do well with the botany subjects.
  • Scientific Bent of Mind: The botany syllabus would entail the concepts of all the streams of science including physics, chemistry and biology for sure. Therefore, individuals who wish to pursue the course B.Sc. in Botany need to clear their understanding of the scientific concepts even at the school level.
  • Good Communication Skills: Individuals pursuing any field of study including B.Sc. Botany needs to have this essential qualification. In the absence of this quality, the individual would not be in a position to express themselves adequately. This would finally hamper their career growth.
  • Essential Management Aptitudes: Individuals need to work in organisations of various types, sizes, and forms, however, basic management skills such as project management, leadership, time management, and team management would come in handy. These skills always help students in their career path.
  • Adequate Mathematical and Statistical Abilities: Science subjects would not be complete without the introduction of Mathematics and Statistics. Therefore, though the students have pursued PCB in the10+2 level, their mathematical concepts should be clear.

BSc Botany Subjects and Syllabus

B.Sc. Botany subjects include subjects related to Plant Physiology, Plant Pathology, Plant Morphology, and other such subjects. The year-wise summary of Botany Subjects followed as a Syllabus in various botany colleges and institutes includes:

Year 1Year 2Year 3
Introduction to BiologyPlant Development and Plant AnatomyPlant Physiology
Algae and MicrobiologyCell Biology – IPlant Metabolism
Mycology and PhytopathologyCell Biology IIPlant Biotechnology
ArchegoniateMolecular Biology IPlant Systematics & Evolution
Chemistry IMolecular Biology IIReproductive Biology of Angiosperms
Chemistry IIPlant Resource UtilisationGenetics & Genomics –I
BiochemistryEcology and PhytogeographyGenetics & Genomics –II
Technical writing and Communication in English / Computational skillsMathematics and StatisticsEnvironmental Management / Bioinformatics

Entrance Exams B.Sc. Botany

While most of the institutes and colleges under various universities provide the course of B.Sc. in Botany, not all of them conduct an entrance examination. The selection in these institutes is done based on the merit of the students.

However, some of the popular institutes across India conduct an Entrance Examination for admission to B.Sc. Botany degree include:

Name of ExaminationConducted byImportant DatesSyllabus
BITSATBirla Institute of Technology & ScienceNovember 14, 2022: Official notification for BITSAT 2023 would be releasedThe syllabus would include the complete syllabus of Class XI and XII as prescribed by NCERT
MHT-CETMaharashtra Health and Technical DepartmentNovember 20, 2022: Cutoff for all admissions for 2022-23 would be released Sept 15, 2022: MHT CET 2022 results declaredExam Duration of 3 Hours or 180 Minutes and syllabus of entire Class XI and XII
NPATNarsee Monjee Institute for Management StudiesDecember 2022: NMIMS NPAT 2023 Application Form availability April to June 2023: NMIMS NPAT 2023 Exam DateSyllabus of entire Class XI and XII
CUETNational Testing Agency (NTA)15 July – 11 September 2022: CUET 2022 conductedSyllabus of entire Class XI and XII
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Top Colleges for B.Sc. Botany

Various Institutes, Colleges and Universities in India offer this course to students across the world, including the major metropolitan cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Kolkata, and Chennai. However, among them, the most prestigious colleges offering B.Sc. in Botany include:

  • Hindu College, New Delhi
  • Christ University, Bengaluru
  • Xavier’s College, Ahmedabad
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Jai Hind College, Mumbai
  • Scottish Church College, Kolkata
  • Osmania University, Hyderabad

Explore: Courses after BSc Botany

Jobs after B.Sc. Botany in India

Students pursuing B.Sc. in botany programs have several job opportunities to choose from. Their specialisation and their passion for the industry would help them decide on the right career opportunity. Some of the important jobs that the students can plan to take up after completion of the B.Sc. in Botany course include:


Ecologists play an important role in studying, researching, and maintaining the environmental balance. An Ecologist has to study the interdependence between various kinds of organisms and the environment in general.

An ecologist has to further determine and analyse the relation between such organisms and the various facets of the environment.

Average Salary: INR 6 Lacs Per Annum

Plant Biochemist

A Plant Biochemist has to study the various chemical processes and reactions happening within a plant and within its immediate environment.

As a biochemist, an individual needs to study specific biochemical processes, and interactions between important biomolecules and use such studies for human use.

Average Salary: INR 20-21,000 Per Month


Students pursuing B.SC in Botany can also take up the role of a Researcher with various Science Laboratories. Such laboratories constantly strive to find and discover something new among the plants and from the plants.

As a researcher, the B.Sc. Botany students can always be innovative and adventurous with their studies and findings.

Average Salary: INR 6-7 Lacs Per Annum

Environmental Consultant

Environmental Consultants are engaged with various firms and companies to provide advisory consultancy on environmental issues. Suppose, L&T gets a contract to build a bridge over a river, the company needs to consult with an Environmental Consultant to understand the implications of constructing the bridge and ways to minimise such implications.

Average Salary: INR 60,000 Per Month

Park Ranger

There are various wildlife conservation areas spread across India. Each of these wildlife conservation areas and natural parks is created to conserve biodiversity.

As a Park Ranger of such an important area, an individual needs to enforce laws about the preservation of biodiversity, the safety of biodiversity, and the cleanliness of the park in general. Further, the Park Ranger also plays an important role in disaster management.

Average Salary: INR 40,000 Per Month


Botanists are required to manage botanical collections, search for new species and even identify, classify, and record such species for future reference.

Why is such a job important? Well! The role of a botanist is not only important but critical in terms of environmental conservation.

Average Salary: INR 5 Lacs Per Annum

Nursery or Green House Manager

When the world is reeling under a short supply of food products, it is important to enhance the production of various crops.

As a GreenHouse Manager or a Nursery Manager, an individual is responsible for plant growth and regulating the plant growth conditions as and when required.

Average Salary:

  • Entry-level Green House Manager: INR 8 Lac Per Annum
  • Senior Manager: INR 15 Lacs Per Annum

Also Read- BSc. Microbiology Jobs & Course

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Frequently Asked Questions

Is B.Sc. in Botany a good career option?

Definitely yes, it is a good career option. B.Sc. in Botany is a very good career option, especially for those who have a research bent of mind and those who have a specific interest in plants and ecological systems.

What is the scope of a B.Sc. in Botany?

The scope of a B.Sc. in Botany is huge. After completing this course, the students can pursue various career options-
1. Botanist
2. Environmental Conservationist
3. Plant Researcher
4. Plant Biochemist
5. Plant Microbiologist
6. Environment Consultant
7. Horticulturist, and Plant Pathologist, among others.

What can I do after B.Sc. in Botany?

After completing the degree of B.Sc. in Botany, an individual can plan to pursue higher studies and opt a career in research. On the other hand, the individual can also opt to pursue a career directly among any of the above-mentioned options such as Botanist, Horticulturist, or Environmental Conservationist, among others.

Which B.Sc. course has the highest salary?

Among all the B.Sc. Courses, courses like B.Sc Biochemistry, B.Sc. Computer Science, B.Sc. Information Technology, B.Sc. Biotechnology and B.Sc. Agriculture are some of the most rewarding careers.

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