How to Become a Lawyer - Complete Guide


Suppose you are someone who enjoys solving legal mysteries and is inclined towards fighting for the rights of people. Then there could be no better career option for you other than Law. However, if you want to become a lawyer, you should be willing to put in a lot of hard work and dedication. Law as a career is very popular among students in India. 

how to become a lawyer
January 14, 2022
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Table of Contents

How to become a Lawyer? 

Choose any stream after class 10th 

If you want to become a lawyer, there is no particular stream you have to choose to become one. You can become a Lawyer if you belong to any stream, i.e., science, commerce or arts/humanities. However, students who want to pursue Law after completing their schooling take up humanities or commerce streams. 

Pursue a bachelor’s degree in Law (L.L.B) 

The next step towards becoming a Lawyer is to obtain a degree in Law (L.L.B.). You can pursue the course after class 12th or after completing your graduation in any other subject. If you are determined to become a lawyer and pursue a career in Law, you should enrol yourself into a five-year integrated program. In this, you will be taught the basic graduation subjects and the subject of Law. Some of the most common integrated combinations offered by various colleges and universities are B A. L.L.B. (Hons), B.Sc. L.L.B (Hons) BBA L.L.B (Hons) and B.Com L.L.B (Hons). Also, you save a year of study if you go for the 5-year integrated program. On the other hand, you may also pursue a 3-year L.L.B. program after graduation if you need time to decide the career you want to go for. 


After completing your 5-year or 3-year program, you need to undergo a mandatory internship as per the norms set by the specific institution. This will help you to gain experience and exposure. 

Eligibility to become a Lawyer 

Law colleges across India follow a selection procedure and eligibility criteria for U.G. and P.G. levels admissions. However, given below is the basic eligibility criteria that a student need to possess to get admission in U.G. or P.G. Law courses: 

Eligibility for UG Law Courses 

Candidates should score a minimum of 45% marks in their intermediate (10+2) or equivalent from a recognized board. Students belonging to any stream can apply. However, the top institutes and universities conduct entrance examinations for admission. 

Eligibility for PG Law Courses  

To get admission in L.L.B. (3 years) course, candidates need to be graduates from a recognized university. In addition, for admission to the L.L.M. course, candidates need to possess an L.L.B. or equivalent degree from a recognized university. 

Entrance exams to become a Lawyer 

The top institutes and colleges accept admission into their 5-year integrated or 3-year L.L.B. program based on entrance exams. Some of the top entrance examinations for Law are: 

Common-Law Admission Test (CLAT) 

It is an online test conducted for admission in 18 prominent National Law Universities. It consists of objective type questions based on Elementary Mathematics, English, General Knowledge, Current Affairs, Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning. 

All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) 

National Law University conducts this test, Delhi, for providing admission to integrated B.A. L.L.B. (Hons). It includes English, General Knowledge, Legal Aptitude, Reasoning and Numerical Ability. 

Law School Admission Test (LSAT): Become a Lawyer 

The scores of this test are accepted by Jindal Global Law School, Alliance School of Law, Faculty of Law, and so on. It includes sections like Logical and Analytical Reasoning, Comprehension and Reading skills. Moreover, this test is valid for admission in both integrated and 3-year L.L.B. courses. 

Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET)  

This test is conducted to accept admission into undergraduate Law programs at Symbiosis International University. It consists of Logical Reasoning, Legal Reasoning, Analytical Reasoning, Comprehension and General Knowledge. 

DU L.L.B Entrance Exam 

The Faculty of Law conduct this, Delhi University to accept admission in their 3-year L.L.B. course. It also has the same sections as the previous entrance exams, such as English, Current Affairs, General Knowledge, Analytical and Logical Reasoning, etc. 

MH CET or Maharashtra Common Entrance Test 

It is conducted for admission to the Law colleges located in Maharashtra. It includes sections like General Knowledge, Legal Aptitude, English, Current Affairs, and so on. 

BHU L.L.B Entrance Exam 

Banaras Hindu University conducts it for admission to its 3-year Law program. It consists of sections like English, General Knowledge, Current Affairs, and Mental Ability. 

Law courses: Become a Lawyer 

You can pursue a degree, diploma and certificate Law courses at UG, PG and PhD levels. 

Degree Courses 

Candidates can either pursue a 5-year integrated Law degree such as B.A L.L.B, BBA L.L.B, B.Sc. L.L.B., and B.Com L.L.B etc., after passing class 12th or a general L.L.B degree after completing graduation. 

Diploma Courses 

Candidates can also pursue diploma courses at both U.G. and P.G. levels. The diploma or P.G. diploma Law courses usually ranges from one to three years. 

Certificate Courses 

Certificate Law courses are short-term courses whose duration ranges from two weeks to six months. 

Law Subjects and Syllabus to become a Lawyer 

Given below is the general Law subjects taught at the UG and PG levels. 

UG Law Syllabus (L.L.B) to become a Lawyer 

  • Firstly, Legal Method 
  • Secondly, History 

  • Thirdly, Political Science 
  • Economics 
  • English and Legal Language 
  • Sociology 
  • Law of Contract 

  • also, Techniques of Communication, Client Interviewing and Counselling 
  • Business Law 
  • Family Law 
  • Constitutional Law 
  • Law of Crime 

  • also, Communication and Advocacy Skill 
  • Law of Torts and Consumer Protection 
  • Code of Civil Procedure 
  • Law of Evidence 
  • Corporate Law 

  • Jurisprudence 
  • also, Human Rights Law 
  • Code of Criminal Procedure 
  • Public International Law 
  • Investment and Competition Law 

  • Property Law 
  • Land Laws 
  • moreover, Law and Technology 
  • Intellectual Property Law 
  • Labor Law 

  • Environment Law 
  • Tax Law 
  • Alternate Dispute Resolution 
  • International Trade Law 
  • also, Law, Poverty and Development 

  • moreover, Interpretation of Statutes 
  • International Commercial Law 
  • Legal Ethics and Court Craft 
  • Drafting, Pleading and Conveyancing 
  • also, Women and Law 

  • Air and Space Law 
  • moreover, Election Law 
  • Banking and Insurance Law 
  • International Humanitarian Law 
  • Indirect Taxes 

  • International Refugee Law 
  • moreover, Criminology 
  • Socio-economic Offences 
  • Private International Laws 
  • Law of International Organization 

  • Lastly, Health Care Law 

PG Law Syllabus (L.L.M)  

  • Firstly, Law and Social Transformation in India 
  • Secondly, Constitutionalism 
  • Thirdly, Legal Research and Methodology 

  • Judicial Processes 
  • Constitutional Law 
  • Family Law 
  • moreover, Torts 
  • Crimes 

  • International Laws 
  • Contract and Insurance 
  • also, Administrative Laws 
  • Business Administration 
  • Taxation 

  • also, Regulated Economy 
  • Administration of Justice 
  • Human Rights 
  • also, Environmental Law 
  • moreover, Intellectual Property 

  • Law, Science and Technology 
  • Jurisprudence 
  • New Economic Law: WTO Context 
  • Lastly, Alternate Dispute Resolution System 

Top Law colleges in India: Become a Lawyer 

The top Law colleges in India are ranked each year by agencies like NIRF, India Today and so on. 

  • Firstly, National Law School of India University, Bangalore 
  • Secondly, Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad 
  • Thirdly, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata 
  • IIT, Kharagpur 

  • National Law University, New Delhi 
  • moreover, National Law University, Jodhpur 
  • Symbiosis Law School, Pune 
  • National Law University, Bhopal 
  • Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar 

  • Jindal Global Law School, Sonipat 
  • also, Faculty of Law, University of Delhi, New Delhi 
  • Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 
  • The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala 
  • Jindal Global Law School, OP Jindal Global University, Sonipat 

  • also, Faculty of Law, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune 
  • University of Lucknow 
  • Institute of Law, Ahmedabad 
  • Government Law College, Mumbai 

  • ILS Law College, Pune 
  • Finally, Hidayatullah National Law University, Chhattisgarh 

You can also read our blog on Best Government Jobs after 12th.

Specialization in Law 

After completing your L.L.B., you can pursue higher education. Here is a list of some popular Law specializations that students often choose. 

Civil Law  

It deals with cases where wrong is done against a person or an individual, such as defamation, breach of contract, negligence resulting in injury or death and property damage. 

Criminal Law: Become a Lawyer 

It is a system of laws concerned with punishing individuals who commit crimes. It is concerned with behaviour that can result as an offence against the public, society, or an individual. For instance, it deals with murder, assault, theft and drunken driving. 

Cyber Law 

It deals with the internet and internet-related technologies, including computers, software, and hardware and information systems. 

Corporate Law 

It is also known as Business Law, which is the body of Laws that governs persons, companies, and organisations’ rights, relations, and conduct. Corporate Lawyers work to safeguard the legality of commercial transactions, representing corporations and advertising corporate employees on their legal responsibilities. 

Tax Law 

This deals with the various tax policies and primarily focuses on different taxes like income tax, real tax, estate tax etc. 

Labor Law: Become a Lawyer 

This Law specialization deals with workers, their association, rights of workers regarding their duties and working conditions. A lawyer specialising in this field usually sorts out issues between the management and the employees. 

Intellectual Property Law 

This deals with the rules for securing and enforcing legal rights to inventions, designs and artistic works. Intellectual property is a term referring to a brand, design, invention or any other kind of creation which a person or business has legal rights over 

Environmental Law 

It deals with studying different national and international rules and regulations, and policies regarding the protection of the environment. 

Apart from the specialization mentioned above, there are many more specializations, including International Law, Real Estate Law, Patent Law, Media Law, Competition Law and Mergers and Acquisition Law. 

Difference between Lawyers and Advocates 

We often use the terms Lawyers and Advocates interchangeably. However, that is not the case. After completing your L.L.B. course, you become a Lawyer. They provide legal advice to businesses or individuals but cannot represent their cases in court. On the other hand, if you want to become an Advocate, you must enrol yourself with any State Bar Council and qualify for the All India Bar Examination (AIBE). In short, all Advocates are Lawyers, but all Lawyers are not Advocates. 

You can also read our blog on Importance of Career Counselling in India.

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Undoubtedly, Law as a profession is very honourable and appealing, but it also has some disadvantages. On the one hand, if you become a lawyer, you can help people and fight for their justice. In addition, Law opens many career options, and you can earn a handsome salary. On the other hand, this profession can be very stressful at times. Also, each case requires extensive research and long working hours daily. All the Best! 

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