A Dream Career: How to Become a Judge in India

December 21, 2023
how to become a judge in india

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Becoming a judge can be a fulfilling career path if you have a passion for the law. You must be a person who desires to serve justice. But if you aspire to become a judge, the process requires specific qualifications and experience.

To get a post as a High court judge, a minimum of 10 years of experience as a lawyer is necessary. You should be a High Court Judge for 5 years to become a judge of the supreme court.

In addition to the prestige that comes with being a judge, it is also a well-paying profession. A Supreme Court Judge’s salary is around Rs. 2.8 lakh per month. However, a High Court Judge’s salary is approximately Rs. 2.5 lakh per month.

With hard work and dedication, the path to becoming a judge can be rewarding. Wondering how to become a judge in India? Let’s explore all you need to know in this article.

The Role of a Judge

Once you know how to become a Judge in India, you can learn the responsibilities. You’ll be entrusted to uphold the law and maintain order in society. Judges play a critical role in the Indian judiciary. Their decisions have far-reaching implications on the lives of people.

The key responsibilities of a judge of the supreme court include interpreting the law. They ensure that justice is served in each case. Let us start with the process of how to become a judge in India by understanding a judge’s qualifications.

It may vary depending on the judiciary level one seeks to enter. For example, you must practice law for 10 years to become a High Court Judge. But qualifications are not the only factor determining a judge’s success.

They must also possess excellent analytical and decision-making skills. Judges should also have the ability to communicate effectively with all parties involved in a case. They must apply the law impartially and fairly, without any prejudice.

The role of a judge of the Supreme Court is not limited to hearing cases. They must also ensure that the judicial system functions efficiently. Judges have to manage their time effectively and balance competing demands. They should maintain the integrity of the judiciary.

Note that your answer to how to become a judge in India lies in the pursuit of justice. While the road to following this profession is long, at last, you’ll gain high respect.

Also Read: How to Become a Lawyer – A Complete Guide

Qualifications Required to Become a Judge in India

How to become a judge in India and what are the necessary qualifications? You must still be confused.

Becoming a judge in India is a long and challenging process. The judiciary is a respected and coveted profession. So, you must meet certain qualifications, including age requirements and educational qualifications, to get into this profession.

Let’s discover ways how to become a judge in India.

Minimum Age Requirement

You must have at least 35 years of age with other necessary judge qualifications. This is the minimum age requirement for appointment as a judge of the Supreme Court. However, the minimum age requirement for an appointment as a High Court Judge is 45 years.

Educational Qualifications

In order to become a judge in India, you must have a law degree. It should be from a recognized university and you must also be enrolled as an advocate with a State Bar Council. 

In addition, you must have a minimum of 10 years of experience. Apart from this qualification of a high court judge, you must have an LLB degree. The educational qualification of a supreme court judge is limited to this.

Experience Required

The Indian judiciary has a hierarchical structure, and judges are appointed at different levels. You must have an experience of at least 10 years as an advocate to be eligible for this post.

Similarly, you must have served as a High Court Judge for 5 years to become eligible to be a Supreme Court Judge. So, you have your answer on how to become a judge in India after working as an advocate.

Other Requirements

Apart from the above qualifications, there are other requirements that you must meet. These include:

  • You must be of sound mind and have good moral character.
  • You should be a citizen of India.
  • Must not have any other interests that would affect your performance as a judge.
  • You must not have been convicted of a criminal offense.
A Part-time Job that Pays like Full-time

How to Get a Law Degree in India

The first answer to your query on how to become a judge in India is getting a law degree. It is a crucial first step before you get into this profession. Choosing the right degree and institution to achieve this goal is essential.

Here’s an overview of law degrees in India. We have also mentioned the types of law degrees and the best institutions to get them from.

There are two types of law degrees in India – the three-year LLB and the five-year integrated BA LLB. The three-year LLB is for graduates with any degree. However, the five-year integrated BA LLB is for students who have completed their higher secondary education.

Different Types of Law Degrees

Here are some of the different types of law degrees in India:

  1. Bachelor of Laws (LLB): This three-year degree course covers various aspects of the law. You get subjects like constitutional law, family law, criminal law, and civil law.
  2. Integrated BA LLB: This is a five-year integrated course that covers a broader range of subjects. Students study economics, history, and political science with law.
  3. Master of Laws (LLM): It is a one-year postgraduate degree that covers specific areas of law. It includes corporate law, intellectual property law, and human rights law.

How to Become a Judge in India with the Best Institutions

Some of the best institutions in India to get a law degree are as follows:

  1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore
  2. NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
  3. National Law University, Delhi
  4. West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
  5. Symbiosis Law School, Pune

How to Become a Judge in India

The process of becoming a judge in India is highly complicated. Here is a simpler explanation of it. We have included exams and assessments that you should clear.

Explanation of the Process of How to Become a Judge in India After 12th 

The candidate needs to complete a degree in law from a recognized university. They need to clear the All India Bar Examination (AIBE). After clearing the AIBE, the candidate must work as a lawyer for a few years. Also, they should gain experience in the legal field.

Alternatively, candidates can appear in the judicial services examination for different states to become civil judges. The candidates who clear the exam will be appointed as a judge after completing the required formalities. 

Let’s understand more about the entry-level exams you must give.

  1. All India Bar Examination (AIBE): This exam tests the basic legal knowledge of the candidate and is mandatory to practice law in India.
  2. Judicial Services Examination: It is conducted by the respective states. The exam tests the candidate’s legal knowledge, writing skills, and aptitude.

Importance of Gaining Experience in the Legal Field

Gaining experience in the legal field is another step on how to become a judge in India. The experience gained helps you better understand the law and its nuances. It also allows you to learn about the judicial system and its functioning. 
Additionally, this improves your writing and research skills. These skills are essential to become a great judge. 

The Salary of a Judge in India

Judges in India are some of the highest-paid legal professionals in the country. The government defines and regulates the supreme court judge’s salary structure. 

Here’s a breakdown of the salary structure and the perks they receive.

1.  Supreme Court and High Court Judge Salary

The salary of a judge in India varies based on their position and level of experience. A high court judge’s salary in India starts from Rs. 2.25 lakhs per month. At the same time, the salary of a Supreme Court judge starts from Rs. 2.5 lakhs per month.

Apart from the basic salary, judges also receive additional allowances. It may include travel allowances, house rent allowances, and more. However, their salaries are revised periodically based on the recommendations of the Judicial Pay Commission.

2.  Benefits and Perks Offered to Judges

In India, judges are entitled to a range of benefits and perks. They receive medical and health benefits for themselves and their family members. Also, judges are entitled to rent-free accommodation or an allowance in place of it. After retirement, judges receive a pension too.

Judges are also entitled to security cover provided by the government.

Key Takeaways

In a nutshell, we’ve answered all your queries on how to become a judge in India. For a quick overview, it is a challenging yet rewarding career path.

To become a judge, one must have a law degree and work experience in the legal field. The eligibility criteria depend on the level of court one aspires to become a judge of. Aspiring judges may also need to clear relevant examinations and interviews.

The salary of judges in India is also very attractive. However, getting a judge position is not just about earning a high salary. It is also about serving justice and upholding the law. If you have a dream to make a career in this field, you must be prepared to work hard.

You need to remain committed to justice and upgrade your legal knowledge and skills. You can pursue a fulfilling career as a judge with the right qualifications and determination. Remember, it is rigorous but worth it for those who are passionate.

Evaluate numerous career choices to choose the right career path for yourself. Dive into our guide on Career Advice.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the qualifications required to become a judge in India? 

Qualifications of supreme court judge and high court judge vary. But you need to have a law degree from a recognized institution. You must also have work experience as a lawyer. The eligibility criteria may vary depending on the level of court you are looking to work at.

How do I get a law degree in India? 

To get a law degree in India, you need to complete a three-year LLB course. This course is done after completing a bachelor’s degree in any stream. Alternatively, you can pursue a five-year integrated law course after completing class 12th.

What are the different types of law degrees offered in India? 

Different types of law degrees offered in India include: 
– A three-year LLB course
– A five-year integrated BA/BBA/BCom LLB course
– LLM (Masters of Law)
– PhD in Law

What are the best institutions for a law degree in India?

Some of the best institutions for a law degree in India are:

– National Law Universities (NLUs)
– Government Law Colleges
– Private law colleges like Symbiosis Law School, Pune, Jindal Global Law School, and NALSAR University of Law.

What is the process to become a judge in India? 

The process to become a judge in India involves getting a law degree first. Then, you can work as a lawyer or an advocate. Alternatively, you can appear for the state judicial services examinations and interviews. The eligibility criteria and the selection process may vary for each court.

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