Gross Salary Explained: Meaning, Composition, Calculation

December 21, 2023
gross salary meaning

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When you join an organization, the employer has to pay you a certain amount in exchange for your services. This gross salary includes deductions and benefits that you will get from the company. If you are an employee in an Indian company, you might be looking to know the gross salary meaning. This is important as it will help you understand the major difference between gross salary and what you get in-hand 

Gross Salary Meaning & Composition 

It is the full amount that the employees get from the organization in exchange for their services. It is the total amount inclusive of the deductions and additional benefits. This has income from all sources. It does not limit itself to any one source of income.   

The main components of gross salary include 

  • Basic Salary: The basic salary is the fixed salary that an employee receives each month. It is typically calculated as a percentage of the total salary. It does not include incentives, bonuses, and other benefits from the employer.  
  • Allowances: The employee receives different allowances from the employer. These allowances are a part of the salary. The three major types of allowances include house rent, transport, and medical allowance.  
  • Bonuses and Incentives: The employees usually receive an annual bonus. They may also receive bonuses during festivals. Incentives are the extra income that employees earn for their exceptional performance. The company usually gives incentives when the employees achieve a specific goal or target.  
  • Other benefits: Many companies also provide retirement benefits. Apart from that, they offer medical coverage for the family members too. The retirement benefits will be applicable when the employees retire from the company.  

How Gross Salary is Calculated? 

It is important to know the meaning to ensure accurate calculation of the same. It includes taxes and other expenses. The calculation is based on several factors. It may include job role, experience, industry, and company policies. 

gross salary meaning

The factors affecting gross income calculation are as follows: 

  • Bonus 
  • Payout  
  • Gratuity 
  • Rebate 
  • Provident Fund 
  • Allowances 
  • Incentives 


Let’s consider an example to understand the method of calculation. Suppose an employee’s basic salary is Rs. 50,000 per month, and they receive a house rent allowance of Rs. 10,000 per month and a transport allowance of Rs. 5,000 per month. The employee also receives a bonus of Rs. 25,000 and a health insurance benefit of Rs. 5,000 per month. 

The formula for calculation for this employee would be as follows: 

Basic Salary = Rs. 50,000 

House Rent Allowance = Rs. 10,000 

Transport Allowance = Rs. 5,000 

Bonus = Rs. 25,000

Health Insurance Benefit = Rs. 5,000 

Gross Salary = Basic Salary + House Rent Allowance + Transport Allowance + Bonus + Health Insurance Benefit 

Gross Salary = Rs. 50,000 + Rs. 10,000 + Rs. 5,000 + Rs. 25,000 + Rs. 5,000 = Rs. 95,000 per month 

Also Read: Understanding the Salary Slip

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Importance of Calculation 

It is important for employees to know the process of calculation. This helps them avoid any unnecessary problems in their salary calculation. The process will help you understand what is your actual salary and what will be your take-home salary.  

It is important for employees and employers to perform appropriate calculations. This makes it easier for them to manage their finances. Therefore, they will be able to plan their savings, budget, and expenses.  

While calculating, it is important to comply with the latest regulations. If you are not calculating as per the law, it can hamper your taxes. Moreover, you might as well be in legal trouble for it. When you calculate properly, you will avoid making any rash decisions in terms of your finances. Therefore, you will be able to avoid any legal and financial consequences for their taxable income. 

Differences Between Gross Salary and Net Salary 

Many people often use the terms gross salary and net salary interchangeably. However, it is important to know that these are different concepts.

Gross Salary vs Basic Salary 

Gross Salary Basic Salary 
Gross salary is the total amount an employee receives without any deductions. The basic salary is the main salary or core salary that an employee receives.  
It includes overtime pay, allowances and bonus.  It includes overtime pay, allowances, and bonus.  

Gross Salary vs Net Salary 

Gross Salary  Net Salary 
In terms of gross salary, the employee will receive the complete amount. The gross salary does not hold deductions. Net salary is the final amount that an employee receives. It is the amount after all the deductions. The net salary is therefore the amount an employee gets from the employer.  
The formula for gross salary calculation: Gross Salary= Basic Salary + House Rent Allowance + Extra Allowances The formula for net salary calculation: Net Salary= Gross Salary – Income Tax – Provident Fund – Professional Fund 

It is important to keep these concepts from the initial stages of applying for the job.  

Also Read: Salary Breakup, Structure, and How it Affects In-hand Salary

Examples of How Taxes and Deductions Impact Net Salary 

Consider an example to know how taxes and salary deductions can impact the net salary. Suppose an employee’s gross salary is Rs. 60,000 per month. After taxes, contributions, and deductions, the net salary could be Rs. 45,000 per month. This means that Rs. 15,000 is deducted from the employee’s gross salary, leaving them with a net salary of Rs. 45,000. These deductions may include: 

Income Tax 

In India, income tax is a progressive tax. It’s more an employee earns, the higher the percentage of income tax they will have to pay.   

Social Security Contributions 

Every employee must pay a percentage of their gross salary fund to Social Security Contributions. These contributions can reduce an employee’s net salary. 

Health Insurance Premiums 

Some companies offer health insurance benefits to their employees. The premium for this insurance is deducted from the employee’s gross salary.  

Understanding Gross Salary for Financial Planning 

As an employee of any organization, you must know gross salary meaning, basic salary, and net salary. At the same time, it is also important to know the difference between them so that you can do proper financial planning. While joining any organization, you must very closely discuss salary with HR. If there is any extra information that you may need, you must ask for that as well.  

You must also learn the calculation process on your own. Once you receive the offer letter, you can apply the formulas and calculate them by yourself. You must see what are additional benefits the company is offering you. Since it is important to comply with the law, in case of any discrepancies, you can reach out to HR.   

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the gross salary? 

It refers to the total income that an employee gets. It is the amount that includes all kinds of deductions from the salary. The net salary that the employee receives is very different from this.  

What are the different types of gross salary deductions?  

There are different types of tax deductions. This may include income tax, arrears, funds, allowances, bonuses, and incentives. 

How to calculate gross salary? 

Gross salary calculation includes the sum of basic salary and allowances. All employees must know how to calculate it. The proper calculation makes financial planning easier for people.  

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