Aeronautical Engineering - A Complete Guide

December 21, 2023
aeronautical engineering

Table of Contents

Aeronautical Engineering is the branch of engineering involved in the design, construction, aircraft structure, fuel efficiency, and maintenance of aircraft and spacecraft. It is a highly specialized field that requires extensive knowledge of physics, mathematics, and materials science. Aeronautical engineers work on a wide variety of projects, including airplanes, spacecraft, and rocket design.
The history of aeronautical engineering dates back to the late 19th century with the advent of powered flight. The historic flight of the Wright brothers in 1903 ushered in a new era in transportation, and aeronautical engineering became an important part of the aviation industry.

Eligibility Criteria for Aeronautical Engineering

A bachelor’s degree in aeronautical engineering typically lasts for four years, but many institutions allow students to proceed directly to a master’s degree in aeronautical engineering with an additional one to two years of study. The duration of an aeronautical engineering master’s degree depends on where you study, but it is usually 1-2 years. Aeronautical engineering qualifications are:

For Undergraduates

  • Candidates must have a 10 + 2 or equivalent from a committee accrediting Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as required subjects. Generally, at least 50% points are required for admission.
  • Diploma in Mechanical, Production and Industrial, Electronics and Communications, Electronics, Instrumentation and Controls, Telecommunications Engineering. and aeronautical engineering.
  • B.Sc. in PCM with fifty percent.

For Graduates

  • Candidates must have a bachelor’s degree in aeronautical engineering or a related engineering discipline from a recognized university or institution. Candidate must have achieved her CGPA of at least 60 percentage points or equivalent in undergraduate studies. However, many colleges and institutions require you to take an entrance exam in order to be admitted to a graduate aerospace engineering program.

Some countries have national-level entrance exams, such as the GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering), which candidates must pass to be admitted. Many colleges and institutions require you to take an entrance exam to study aeronautical engineering.

Best Colleges to Study Aeronautical Engineering

  1. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay
  2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA
  3. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras
  4. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur
  5. California Institute of Technology (Caltech), USA
  6. Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), USA
  7. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur
  8. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi
  9. University of Cambridge, UK
  10. Imperial College London, UK

College Fees of Aeronautical Engineering

Aeronautical engineering degree fees vary greatly by country, college, and level of study (undergraduate or postgraduate). Here is a summary of fees for aerospace engineering degree programs:

Serial No.College NameFees (whole course)
1Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay  UG -8 lakhs
PG-1.2 lakhs
2Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA  UG-$27,755
PG-$2560
3Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras  UG-8lakhs
PG-1.2 lakhs
4Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur  UG-8lakhs
PG-1.2 lakhs
5California Institute of Technology (Caltech), USA  UG-$43,542
PG-$15,784
6Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), USA  UG-$31,370
PG-$17,340
7Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) KharagpurUG-8 lakhs
PG-1.2 lakhs
8Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi  UG-8 lakhs
PG-1.2 lakhs
9University of Cambridge, UK  UG-$42,473
PG-$20,804
10Imperial College London, UK  UG-$39,000
PG-$17,800

Subjects and Syllabus of Aeronautical Engineering

Serial No.SubjectSyllabus
1MathematicsCalculus, Differential Equations, Linear Algebra, Probability and Statistics, Complex Analysis
2PhysicsMechanics, Thermodynamics, Electromagnetism, Waves, and Oscillations
3Aerospace EngineeringFlight Mechanics, Aerodynamics, Propulsion, Aerospace Structures, Spacecraft Design
4Materials Science and EngineeringMaterial Properties, Material Selection, Composite Materials, Nanomaterials
5Control EngineeringControl System Design, Feedback Systems, Stability Analysis
6Computer Science and EngineeringComputer Programming, Numerical Methods, Simulation and Modelling, Data Structures and Algorithms
7Manufacturing EngineeringMachining, Casting, Welding, Rapid Prototyping, Additive Manufacturing
8Electrical EngineeringElectronics, Digital Systems, Instrumentation, Power Electronics
9Aviation ManagementAirline Management, Airport Management, Aviation Safety, Air Traffic Management
10Humanities and Social SciencesCommunication Skills, Ethics, Management Principles, Environmental Science

Career Prospect in Aeronautical Engineering

Aerospace engineering careers offer a wide range of employment opportunities and career prospects in a variety of fields. The Aeronautical engineering scope is high. Here are some of the aeronautical engineering job opportunities and their average salaries:

Aerospace Engineer

Role: Aerospace engineers design, develop, and test aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and rockets.

Salary: The average annual salary for an aerospace engineer in India is about Rs. 4.6 Lakhs.

Growth Aspect: Aerospace engineers will continue to play a key role in the development of new aircraft and spacecraft designs, propulsion systems, materials, and manufacturing processes, with a focus on sustainability and reducing carbon emissions. They are also responsible for the development of new technologies and systems for space exploration and the expansion of human presence beyond Earth. Moreover, as the industry continues to grow and evolve, new job profiles will emerge, creating new opportunities for aerospace engineers to make significant contributions to the field. 

Aircraft Design Engineer

Role: Aircraft designers design and develop aircraft and their components.

Salary: The average annual salary for Indian aircraft designers is around Rs.8,00,000.

Growth Aspect: The future of aircraft design jobs will continue to evolve and expand as the industry advances. Moreover, with an increasing focus on sustainability and reducing carbon footprint, aircraft designers will have a responsibility to develop more efficient and environmentally friendly aircraft designs. New materials, drive systems, and manufacturing techniques are used. Additionally, increased use of data analytics and artificial intelligence will enable engineers to optimize aircraft designs for safety, performance and cost-effectiveness. 

Avionics Engineer

Role: Avionics engineers design, develop, and test electronic systems used in aircraft and spacecraft, B. Communications Systems, Navigation Systems, and Flight Control Systems.

Salary: The average annual salary for an avionics engineer in India is about Rs.5,00,000.

Growth Aspect: The future job description for avionics engineers will continue to evolve as aircraft and spacecraft become more sophisticated and complex. Also, Avionics engineers play a key role in the development of new systems and technologies for communications, navigation, monitoring and control of aircraft and spacecraft. Overall, the future of the avionics engineer job profile looks promising as new opportunities emerge as the aerospace industry evolves. 

Manufacturing Engineer

Role: Manufacturing engineers work on manufacturing aerospace components. They design and develop manufacturing processes, equipment and systems to efficiently produce quality products.

Salary: The average annual salary for manufacturing engineers in India is around Rs.5,00,000.

Growth Aspect: The future of manufacturing engineering jobs will continue to evolve as the industry adopts new technologies and methods to improve efficiency and reduce costs. Manufacturing engineers play a key role in the development and implementation of advanced manufacturing processes such as additive manufacturing, robotics, and automation. We are also responsible for ensuring that these processes are optimized for safety, quality, and sustainability. Overall, the future of manufacturing engineering jobs is bright as new opportunities emerge as manufacturing evolves. 

Earn in Six-figures with chegg

Maintenance Manager

Role: Maintenance engineers are responsible for maintaining and repairing aerospace systems. You are responsible for the safety and proper functioning of your aircraft and its components.

Salary: The average salary for a maintenance manager in India is about Rs.9,00,000 annually.

Growth Aspect: The role of maintenance engineering jobs will continue to evolve as aircraft and spacecraft become more sophisticated and complex. Mechanics perform regular inspections, maintenance, and repairs and play a vital role in ensuring the safety and reliability of these vehicles. Additionally, the increasing use of unmanned aerial vehicles and drones will create new job profiles for maintenance engineers in these emerging areas. Overall, the future of the maintenance engineering job profile looks promising as new opportunities emerge as the aerospace industry evolves. 

Quality Control Engineer

Role: Quality control engineers ensure that aerospace products meet the required standards and regulations. They conduct inspections and tests to identify defects and problems in their products.

Salary: The average salary for a quality control engineer in India is around ₹3,40,000 per year.

Growth Aspect: The future of quality control jobs will continue to evolve as the industry adopts new technologies and methods to improve quality and reduce costs. Quality engineers play a key role in ensuring that products meet required safety, reliability, and performance standards. Moreover, the increasing use of artificial intelligence and machine learning creates new roles for quality control engineers in these emerging fields.

Research and Development Engineer

Role: Research and development engineers work on the development of new technologies and products for the aerospace industry. They conduct research, design experiments, and develop prototypes to test new ideas.

Salary: The average salary for a research and development engineer in India is around ₹4,20,000 per year.

Growth Aspect: The future of research and development (R&D) engineering jobs will continue to evolve as the industry focuses on developing new technologies and products. R&D engineers play a key role in exploring new ideas and concepts, conducting research and testing, and developing new products, processes and systems. Additionally, the increased use of unmanned aerial vehicles and drones will create new jobs for R&D engineers in these emerging areas. Overall, the future of the R&D Engineering job profile looks promising as new opportunities emerge as the industry evolves.


It is important to note that the salaries for aeronautical engineers can vary widely depending on the location, level of education and experience, and the specific industry they are working in.

Aeronautical Engineering – In Summary

In summary, aeronautical engineering is a field that has revolutionized the way we travel and explore the skies. This includes the design, development and maintenance of aircraft and spacecraft, as well as the systems and technologies that keep them functioning safely and efficiently. Aeronautical engineers have made significant contributions to the aviation industry, including the development of supersonic and hypersonic aircraft, the design of modern airports, and the creation of more sustainable, low-emission aircraft. Engineers are responsible for ensuring that the designs, systems and technologies they create are safe, efficient and effective, and meet the needs of the people and industries they serve. With the growing demand for air travel and the need for innovative solutions to environmental problems, aeronautical engineering will continue to play a key role in shaping the future of aviation. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What does the aeronautical engineer do?

An aeronautical engineer design, develop, and maintain aircraft and spacecraft, and their components. They use their knowledge of physics and materials science to create safe and efficient aircraft, conduct research, oversee manufacturing, and ensure compliance with safety and regulatory standards.

Why to choose Aeronautical Engineering?

Aeronautical engineering offers opportunities to work on cutting-edge technologies, specialize in specific areas of interest, and contribute to the development of safe and sustainable air transport. Aeronautical engineering is also in high demand, making it a promising and fulfilling career option. 

Which are the best Aeronautical Engineering courses after the 12th?

The best aeronautical engineering courses after 12th include B.E/B. Tech. in aeronautical engineering, aerospace engineering, avionics, and aircraft maintenance engineering. Covering a wide range of subjects such as aircraft design, propulsion systems, avionics and maintenance, these courses provide hands-on training and hands-on experience.  

What is an Aeronautical Engineering salary in India?

Aeronautical engineer salaries in India vary depending on factors such as experience, position and location. On average, an entry-level aeronautical engineer can earn between Rs3-4 lakhs per year. An experienced engineer can earn more than Rs 6-8lakh per year.

How many years does it take to study Aeronautical Engineering?

To become an aeronautical engineer, you must complete your bachelor’s degree in aerospace. Usually, you have to do a BTech degree which takes four years to complete. If you are doing graduation with B.Sc. then it will take 3 years to complete. If you want to pursue a master’s degree then it will take 2 more years to complete your education and 5 years to complete it with an integrated course.

Some Useful Resources

To read more related articles, click here.

Got a question on this topic?

Related Articles