How to become a Civil Engineer? Here is everything you need to know on how to become a Civil Engineer


Do you want to learn how to become a civil engineer?

They are people who design and maintain projects such as roads, dams, bridges, canals and residential or commercial development projects. Also, they are responsible for urbanization of an area.

It is a well paid and respected job. But, they need a skillset from accounting to geology. Many civil engineers have a job that requires a role in the construction. While, other positions are involved with supervision skills. Therefore, we can see how important it is for civil engineers to occupy certain qualities and skills.


You need to choose from either of these two in a civil engineering:

  • Diploma (done after X)
  • Degree (done after XII)


You can opt for a Diploma in civil engineering right after tenth grade. And, it is a three-year course.

Step 1:

You need to appear for the exam conducted by various Boards. After that, students are admitted to the Diploma colleges by their rank. The higher the rank, the better the college. But, a few polytechnic colleges admit students on the basis of their tenth result.

Step 2:

After this, you will be given the Diploma. You can take a job as a junior engineer or get admission in the second year of B.Tech.

Another option is to completes diploma through AMIE (Associate Membership of Institution of Engineers). AMIE is a certification given by Institution of Engineers, Kolkata, India. You need to pass Section A, Project Work and Section B exam. And, If you pass both sections, you become an Associate Member of the Institution of Engineers (AM). AMIE is equivalent to B Tech.

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January 25, 2022
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Table of Contents



First, you need class X with Science, Math, and English as 3 of the main subjects, and with a minimum score of 50%, and an ITI- qualification. Also, you should be very strong at Maths and physics. Thus, all your basics in these subjects should be very clear. These help you to answer all questions. There are multiple books available for preparation. And, prepare well in advance. Last moment study will really not help you get through this competitive exam!

The average salary with a diploma in Civil Engineering is about INR 2 to 15 lacs per annum with years of experience.

You can also read our article on career choices after civil engineering.

BTech in Civil Engineering

This is one of the most sought out courses in India. You can go for this after you have completed 12th. It is a four-year course.

You should pass 12th standard in Science stream with Physics and Mathematics from a recognized board such as CBSE, ICSE or another recognized board. Also, you should score minimum 60% percentage in 12th.

You need to crack the Engineering Entrance exam. JEE Main is the first exam. It is a national level exam. And, is very competitive with about 10 Lakhs applicants every year. This exam is for admission to the NITs, IIITs and CFTIs.

Also, it is the first stage of the JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) system. After this, the next is JEE Advanced.

Some Tips

There is a huge competition in this field. Therefore, people appear for many other exams with these.

After completion of your four-year BTech including an internship, the person can join Private or Government sector jobs as Assistant engineers.

Other Exams-

You can appear for the Combined Engineering Services Examination for recruitment of engineers. There are four categories: Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering. This exam is conducted by UPSC.


If you are interested to remain in academics, then, you can opt for a higher qualification. For eg,  M.E/MTech in Civil Engineering with a PhD in Civil Engineering.

However, the average salary of a person with a degree in Civil Engineering is about INR 3 lacs to 30 lacs per annum with the years of experience.

MTech in Civil Engineering

You should pass the Bachelor of Civil Engineering from a recognized university to apply for this. You should also score more than 80% per cent in total.

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a national-level exam conducted every year for admission M.Tech and PHd at IITs, NITs and IIITs. The exam is jointly conducted by seven IITs (Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Guwahati, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.

But, preparing is no easy job. It is one of the toughest exams in India for students who’ve just completed their 12th grade. Pupils start preparing for JEE from 11th standard. Again, you should have a strong command over mathematics, physics and chemistry. Thus, just  your NCERT’s/ school books are not enough. The difficulty level of the paper is high. Also, students are becoming more and more competitive. Therefore, you need strong basics at the tips of your fingers. Thus, plan your preparation well. So, your syllabus should be over a few months before the entrance to revise.

Reading the above paragraph might panic you. But, don’t worry. There are various coaching centres, books, tutorials etc. that can help you with every topic very well. If you work hard, it pays off.

Skills Required on how to become a Civil Engineer


They lead a team of diverse individuals.  Thus, they need to have excellent communication skills. They also have to speak to clients and the public. Because, they have to explain technical ideas in clear ways.


People such as architects, construction managers, contractors, laborer etc come under this. They have to manage and lead this entire team to get results. Thus, they have to provide direction and feedback, motivate others and set timelines.

Technical Skills

They need skills, like, understanding of minute technicalities. So, they should know math and physics. Also, map reading, reviewing blueprints, design techniques, etc. All of these skills make the project very solid from the base.

Companies that recruit Civil Engineers in India

  • GVK
  • GMR
  • Jindal Steel
  • Martin Burn Ltd
  • SkyLine Builders
  • Toyo Engineering
  • Tata Projects Ltd
  • Tata Steel

Final Thoughts

A lot of Civil Engineers choose to work in the government sector as well. The jobs are Sub Divisional Officers (SDO) or Assistant Engineer. Also, they can go up to the post of Chief Engineer as well. If one qualifies the Combined Engineering Services exam, he/ she can get to the topmost technical post of the Government of India. The Government offers them with exclusive perks in addition to the salary.

You can also read our article on Best Jobs after Civil Engineering.

These methods will help you understand how to become a civil engineer and boost your career.

You can also boost your knowledge by joining as a freelancer Subject Matter Expert for Civil Engineering in Chegg.

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