Looking For Career Options After Engineering Degree? Here Are Some Useful Tips For You

Introduction

So, you just finished your engineering degree, and you are confused about what you can do after engineering? Well, then you have landed up on the right page as here I will be sharing with you some valuable tips as to what all career options after Engineering are available in India.

Career Options after Engineering

MBA (Master of Business Administration)

“MBA can help unlock an engineer’s entrepreneurial spirit.”

Many companies are looking for engineers with great management skills. If you get an MBA after your B Tech, your value rises exponentially and gives you a lot of exposure. MBA can be a good career option after Engineering. In India, IIMs are considered the most renowned business schools. In addition, IIM’s conducts the Common Admission Test (CAT) through which admissions are taken.

Pros:

  • Personal development
  • Master management skills

Cons:

  • The tuition fee for this course can be a bit costly
  • Time commitment, as the course can go on from one year to two years depending on which country you are studying in.

career options after engineering
January 11, 2022
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin

Table of Contents

Masters of Business Administration (MBA)

MBA is a master’s degree in Business Administration. It is a specialization course that trains a student in the art of business organization and management. During the hiring process, employers of big firms prefer to look at candidates that have an MBA degree as potential hires.

You can also read our blog on Reasons to opt for MBA after Engineering.

An MBA degree is beneficial for a graduate as it helps them escalate their career and reach higher posts in the company. MBA is the umbrella under which there are different specialization courses:

  • MBA in Marketing

This course teaches students the skills of understanding consumer behaviour, market research, marketing tools and techniques, digital and native advertising, and tips on boosting sales by understanding the market competition.

  • MBA in Banking and Finance

This course enables students to oversee the organisation’s financial management- from planning and implementing to regulating the inflow and outflow of assets. Students who possess an innate understanding of math can choose this course as it provides one of the highest paying career opportunities after engineering.

  • MBA in Data Analytics

This course teaches students how to use data analytics tools to mine through countless data points, break them up, and sort them into meaningful areas for the company to take action. ‘Data Scientists’, as they are called, is one of the great career options after engineering.

  • MBA in Operation Management

The Operation Manager’s role in an organization includes managing product quality and customer relations and keeping track of the inventory and supply management. Along with this, the key role of an operations manager is boosting productivity. During MBA in operation management as higher studies after B.Tech, you will be taught these skills.

Eligibility Requirements

MBA is a degree that requires certain prerequisites from enrolling candidates:

  1. A bachelor’s degree is a preliminary requirement.  This degree can be in any stream – B.Tech included
  2. Expected work experience of 3-5 years. MBA schools most likely pick candidates who have already experienced work-life. They say this enables them to understand the course and its outcomes better.
  3. Entrance exams are a must. For those pursuing it in India, a good score on competitive exams like CAT or similar aptitude tests like those for Narsee Munjee or Xavier’s help secures guaranteed placements.
  4. In India, there are many that choose to study for their masters abroad. For that, they need to give a language proficiency test. Internationally recognized tests like IELTS and TOEFL and a score above 6.5-7 is considered proficient.
  5. Apart from that, foreign universities expect a different competitive exam result. While GMAT is the most popular across the world, Similarly, GRE is another exam that has garnered interest from those thinking about pursuing MSc.

Career options after B.Tech with MBA

Having an MBA degree adds an important point of differentiation to your resume. So when you go to a company for an interview, an MBA degree shines. After completion, you can look for a job in the following career options after engineering:

  1. Business Marketing
  2. Advertising
  3. Brand Management
  4. Client-Relationship Management
  5. Corporate Banking
  6. Asset Management
  7. Trading
  8. Credit Risk Management
  9. Transport and Logistics management

If you want more information on your job opportunities after your MBA, click here.

Masters in Management (MiM)

The most compared degree to an MBA is Masters in Management. At a fundamental level, they are the same – both are specialization courses that offer skills for the workforce. On all other fronts, they are different from each other:

  • Work Experience: MBA is a course that expects its students to have had certain work experience before joining the course. However, MIM has no such requirement and encourages students to join straight after graduation.
  • Course structure: Many say that an MBA is like an umbrella that tries to cover a lot of ground in its studies, but MiM has a more specific structure to its course. In conclusion, this does not mean that one is better. Although, both of these can be looked like pros and cons for different individuals.
  • Placement Options: 25-28-year-old adults who aim to improve their skills in their respective professions primarily consider an MBA. At the same time, fresh graduates sought a MiM degree to build a solid foundation in their choice of field. Therefore, increasingly many fresh graduates are also looking increasingly to get an MBA degree after a few years on the job to boost their careers.

Courses Under MIM

  • Masters in Accounting

Masters in Accounting is a practical and skill-oriented program. Focusing on account management subjects enables students to develop analytical and technical skills that help them in their professional development. Above all, if one is looking for accounting as one of the career options after engineering, then a master’s in accounting will help them create a foundation of the required skills.

  • MiM in Financial Economics

A master’s degree in financial economics is for that B.Tech graduate that wants to enter the world of business finance. It readies you with academic knowledge and know-how to make you a competent financial analyst in the finance industry. Many fresh graduates chose financial economics, a blooming sector, to focus on their higher studies after B.Tech.

  • MiM in Strategy Management

Businesses are increasingly looking for people who can look at the big picture and develop a way forward. A master’s in strategic management provides you with the skills to do just that. MiM in strategy management enables students to formulate strategies after looking at rising market trends and consumer insights and implementing them in different impact areas.

Eligibility Requirements:

Though MiM is less stringent that an MBA in terms of requirements, there are still certain criteria that a candidate must match to enrol in the program:

  1. For a MiM degree, some international colleges accept a diploma program too. Although, a bachelor’s degree is always preferred.
  2. Competitive exam results like that of GRE and GMAT
  3. Tests like TOEFL and IELTS help international universities in evaluating English proficiency.

Career options after B.Tech with MiM

MiM becomes a perfect stepping stone for students who want to enter the business world but wonder what to do after engineering. As mentioned above, fresh graduates can look at a degree in MiM as higher studies after BTech. It opens them to the following career options after engineering, for instance:

  1. Management Trainee
  2. Advertising Manager
  3. Development Manager
  4.  General Operations
  5.  Human Resources Manager
  6.  Public Relations Manager
  7.  Sales Manager
  8.  Training Manager

You may wonder that these are not higher jobs on the corporate ladder. This can be interpreted as a con of a degree in MSc. However, it shouldn’t be. A MiM degree is readily available to students who have just graduated from B.Tech and offers them a quick way up the ladder once they enter a company.

Masters in Engineering Management (MEM)

A Masters in Engineering Management is designed to link three different aspects together under one course- technology, engineering, and management. It is popularly called the engineer’s MBA as it develops similar skills.

A MEM degree is perfect for those graduates who want to stay close to their engineering field yet hone the skills of the management world. The curriculum enables the students to develop the skills of managing the engineering process and devise ways of making it more effective. In addition to this, the idea behind this course is to blend the skills of engineering and management. Also, to construct a highly efficient plan and enable high employee productivity.

Fresh graduates who want to enter the business world but not in the traditional management roles gee rally sought a MEM degree. They want to do it through their particular field of interest because they want to rise higher on the company’s hierarchy.

Eligibility requirements

MEM, like all other courses, also expects certain requirements from prospective candidates:

  1. A necessary bachelor’s degree in some engineering discipline
  2. It’s always a good measure to take these exams as the majority of the colleges will ask it as a requirement. However, some colleges strike off the need for competitive exams instead of work experience.
  3. Foreign universities also test English proficiency. For instance, exams like the TOEFL and IELTS are recognized.

Career options after B.Tech with MEM 

Once the MEM degree is completed, you are not restricted to just sticking in the engineering circle. For instance, MEM is the engineers MBA and is a reputed degree that opens up many career options after engineering:

  1. Client-Services Analyst
  2. Application Engineer
  3. Automation Engineer
  4. Business Analyst
  5. Business Strategist
  6. Clinical Specialist
  7. Associate Marketing Manager

Why a business degree?

Before moving to the final degree option, I would like to make a case for students who wish to pursue a degree in business and explore what to do after engineering.

Many students think about why they should do a business degree after engineering. Many think that entering the business world starts at the undergraduate level. But this is untrue. Nowadays, more and more engineering graduates are switching to a business career as it offers a better return to their career opportunities. There are other benefits as well:

To become more efficient with new skills

Engineers in the digital age are expected to do more than their required work. In other words, sometimes they are expected to manage other company members. For this, a business degree helps them hone the skills of business and employee management. In conclusion, engineers with a management degree are more liked by companies than those with just engineering one.

From reel to real life

Many students in India enter the engineering world under parental pressure. We are all aware of the film 3 Idiots. Although it is a fictional story, many of its scenes were inspired by the real lives of engineering students. In conclusion, for those who believe themselves to be better at social skills, especially those who have a knack for leading a team, the world of business opens up many career opportunities after engineering.

Additional monetary value

Though this is subjective, generally, the monetary benefits within the business world outweigh those in the engineering departments. However, this is not a definite reason to switch career options. For instance, for those who need money, the business world can provide good starting salaries.

All in all, the skills of an engineer, combined with the knowledge of the business management world, is perfectly receptive to a potential hiring process. The logical understanding provided by the engineering courses couples well with the strategic thinking needed in the business world. Therefore, many B.Tech. Graduates are increasingly looking to skill up their business knowledge to become highly employable.

Masters in Technology (M.Tech)

The safest bet for a B.Tech student is to continue their original path. Like your B.Tech degree, M.Tech provides further and more in-depth knowledge on your chosen branch of engineering and acts more like an extension of your undergraduate studies. However, in an M.Tech course, you are more involved with the practical implementation of the knowledge gained during the B.Tech years.

Benefits of an M.Tech degree in India

In the above segment, I feel I’ve given a very one-sided approach to the benefits an engineering student might get by pursuing a business degree in their higher studies after B.Tech. In conclusion, to balance out the arguments, I have complied why M.Tech is still one of the most important degrees in a country like India:

  1. India is still developing. In other words, this developing country needs educated minds that can see them through the various development and improvement projects and take the country forward.
  2. Pursuing an M.Tech soon after a B.Tech enables the student to do more in-depth research on their particular discipline and get more control over it
  3. Pursuing M.Tech, similar to an MBA, opens you up to an industrial network which further helps in job hunting.
  4. Even with an M.Tech degree, one can climb up the corporate ladder to settle in managerial roles.

Eligibility Requirements

M.Tech also needs some prerequisites from willing candidates, for instance:

  1. A good score on their B.Tech degree. This is the primary requirement. Students receiving higher scores on their B. Tech studies have a greater chance of being placed in the best of the colleges
  2. Similar to the competitive exams like CAT and GMAT, Masters of Technology students need to appear for the GATE exam
  3. GATE stands for Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering and is a competitive exam that IIT and IISC, Bangalore jointly conduct
  4. GATE tests the knowledge of the subject matter delivered during their B.Tech course. As a result, there is a higher chance to be accepted by reputed colleges through a good GATE score.

Career options after B.Tech with M.Tech

Having an M.Tech degree is still a matter of honour. In addition, it opens up many career options after an engineering degree:

  1. Consulting companies
  2. Core Engineering Companies like L&T
  3. Research and Development Centers like BARC and ISRO

Specific to your respective discipline, there are more career options after engineering:

  • Civil Engineering

A degree in civil engineering prepares the student for careers in the construction industry, design and management. Divided based on Contract and consult, civil engineers are enabled to be involved in the design process of a project by collaborating with architects. Become a contractor and make the design of others become a reality while managing the productivity, budgeting, sourcing of material, etc.

  • Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineers utilize their knowledge to design machinery that can convert raw materials into usable ones. Their technical know-how of chemistry, combined with the ability to solve problems, provides them great career options after engineering to use modern technology like nanotech to the use of the general public.

  • Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineers use their skills to improve mechanical processes and products. Their knowledge can help them get jobs after engineering in the manufacturing and power sectors.

  • Electrical Engineering

This study disciple overlaps with other forms of engineering and allows the student to pursue a career in construction to communication. The primary role of electrical engineers in the workforce is to design, develop, and maintain electrical systems and products.

Civil Services

If you wish to serve the nation and make a dent in the system, you can also opt for civil services. It is probably one of the favourite career options after Engineering amongst many youngsters. To enter the civil services, you’ll need to crack the UPSC civil services exam, one of the world’s toughest examinations. It would be best to prepare for it at least a year before applying.

The UPSC CSE exam is divided into two stages:

  • Preliminary Examination
  • Mains (written exam + interview)

Thousands of people give this exam every year, but only a few get through it. If you can get a high rank, you can get the prestigious post of IAS, IPS, or IFS, as well.

Pros:

  • Many benefits come with working for the government, such as health insurance, retirement, federal benefits, etc.
  • Unlike private-sector jobs, the best part about working in government jobs is stability, i.e. job security. Here you will never gout of business.

Cons:

  • Slow salary growths, as the government employees don’t enjoy salary adjustments because of the shift inflation rates. Also, merit raises are rare and are only meant for top performers in the department.
  • Control of Bureaucracy- As many permissions are needed before any big decision, civil service workers usually get frustrated.

Entrepreneurship and Startups

enterpenuership & startup

Have you ever wondered who Vijay Shankar Sharma was before founding Paytm, who Deepinder Goyal was before founding Zomato? They all were engineers who turned entrepreneurs. These are just a few whom I have named.

There was a time when engineers used to shield away from entrepreneurship. However, the youth now want to join the league after hearing many success stories of aspiring people like these.

To start on these career options after Engineering, you should first identify a common problem and come up with a solution for it.  The problem can be in any sector. For example, Flipkart removed the hassle of shopping offline and Paytm solved the problem of cash scarcity.

Pros: 

  • Flexibility- as you can work whenever and wherever you want.
  • Freedom- you have no boss, and you can do the work however you want it.

Cons:

  • Responsibility- Moving away from a salaried job to an unstable income that solely lies on the success of your work can be quite difficult. Many sacrifices come with the responsibility of starting your own company.
  • Workload- It can be exhausting to start your own business and establish your own company single-handedly in the early stages.

You can also read our blog on What to do after Engineering?

Higher Studies

One of the most popular career options after engineering is to pursue higher studies.

If you’re a B.Tech student, then you easily have the option to prepare for the GATE exam.

GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is an exam that tests the overall understanding of undergraduate engineering subjects. You can enter respected engineering colleges (IITs and NITs), as MTech is one of the preferred courses after engineering.

You get to expand your knowledge and become a more-qualified engineer. You can prepare for JAM if you aren’t interested in the GATE exam. Above all, you can also enter academics and research in any specific engineering field. It is one of the best career options after engineering.

Pros: 

  • Good jobs
  • Startups/ entrepreneurship
  • Teaching
  • Research

Cons: 

  • It can be a bit costly, especially if you plan to a private college, it is a decision which most people have to make.

Join the Indian Armed Forces

The Indian Armed Force is divided into three wings – the Indian Army, the Indian Air Force, and the Indian Navy.

As a B.Tech graduate, you can find career options after Engineering in all three wings of the Indian Armed Force. Only the criterion for joining each is different. Joining forces is a good opportunity for students wondering what to do after engineering.

The Indian Army is always on the lookout for technically sound professionals who can support the troops on the field. Usually, Engineers who join the Indian Army are allotted to any of the three branches – Corps of Engineers, Corps of Electronics and Mechanical Engineers, and Corps of Signals. You can join the Army through TGC (Technical Graduate Course) and SSC Tech entry schemes.

Similarly, after completing your B.Tech (Engineering), you can join the technical squad or the ground squad of the Indian Air Force as career options after engineering, depending on your qualifications and skillset. Usually, B.Tech graduates can enter through the AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test) Entry scheme.

As for the Indian Navy, the government has now started recruiting Engineers via the SNAES (Special Naval Architects Entry Scheme) Entry scheme.

Pros:

  • Paid vacation
  • Military discount/free flights
  • Free health care

Cons: 

  • Staying away from friends and family
  • Age doesn’t matter if your colleague is of higher rank. You better listen to him

Get a Degree in MTech

MTech is the best career option after Engineering. It is a professional postgraduate engineering master’s degree program awarded to candidates after completing two years of study in engineering. This degree is based on a specific branch of engineering.

In India, various specializations are included in the MTech degree. These specializations include Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, VLSI, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics, Communication Engineering, etc.

The demand for ME/MTech graduates is high across every domain. Every company – private of government, big or small recruit engineers in various capacities such as-

  • Google
  • Apple
  • Microsoft
  • Infosys technologies
  • Samsung
  • Intel
  • HCL technologies
  • Amazon
  • Flipkart

The eligibility criteria for ME/MTech are-

Candidates who have completed their BE/BTech degree with a valid score in GATE are eligible for the ME/MTech degree course. Candidates with a 5-year program in Science or Applied Sciences resulting in the award of a Master of Science degree can also apply for the MTech and choose career options after the Engineering degree course.

There are also some skills which you need to have to continue with getting a degree in MTech, such as the ability to communicate – verbal and written, Knowledge of the subjects studied in BE/BTech, Creativity, Critical Thinking and Problem Solving, Commitment and Desire to Learn, Attention to details, Acquaintance with Industry Standards, Teamwork, Multifaceted Exposure, Leadership Skills, Analytical & Creative thinking, Acquaintance with Computers & IT, Giving and receiving feedback.

(Pros and cons apply the same for MTech and MBA)

Enter Private Sector- Campus Placements

Most of the colleges hold campus placements drive for their students. These campus placements help the students get a job even before they get their degree. You need to apply for the desired company and prepare well to get into it. In addition, the students have to work hard since their first year to get recruited in the company of their choice. Therefore, the recruiting companies consider the student’s overall performance right from the start.

It is better to get a job through campus placements as it is very difficult to get a job after leaving college. Campus placements for engineering students are rising, and companies offer high packages to outstanding students with all-rounder performance.

There are ample job opportunities for students at different companies. It is up to the candidate to work hard and grab that opportunity.

Teaching 

Have you always wanted to be a teacher and contribute to the education system? Then you can also join an engineering college as a professor. This profession gives you ample opportunity to grow one’s professional life.

You can also give tuitions to students trying to get admission into engineering colleges. It can also be an additional source of income and help polish up your knowledge.

Pros:

  • Bonding with students
  • Connecting with other teachers and staff
  • You get many national holidays and vacations

Cons:

  • Lack of support from administration
  • Salary can be-low
  • Failing in making students get good marks

Become an Expert

Various colleges offer many diploma courses in the subjects which are prominent after engineering. Today, many companies are looking for experts in any specific field. Engineers aware of the latest technologies like artificial intelligence, data science, and blockchain are in great demand. In addition, these courses also provide campus placements.

There are many career options after Engineering in this field, and the candidate can choose anyone depending on their interests and master it. For instance, the top courses and skills in demand are:

  1. Robotics
  2. Ethical Hacking
  3. Protocol Testing
  4. Very-large-scale integration (VLSI)
  5. Embedded Technology
  6. Machine Designing
  7. Blockchain
  8. Digital Marketing
  9. Data Science
  10. Artificial Intelligence

Jobs in this sector are better paid and add an expert educational qualification and accomplishment to the resume.

Communicate With a Career Counsellor

Every college and educational institution have a professional career counsellor who helps all the students with their career options. In conclusion, a career counsellor creates an environment that helps those directionless students confused about their future.

Pros: 

  • It helps you to identify the weakness of an individual
  • You set goals for better results

Cons:

  • Emotional strain
  • Difficult to handle some patients/students

Start building network

After completing engineering studies, it is common for a person to feel confused. Please start encouraging yourself to do better things with your life than encouraging the feeling of confusion. In conclusion, things may settle eventually, and you will feel satisfied with your degree and job.

Short term courses

After completing engineering, if you decide to improve your standing, it is good to join some good short-term courses.

These short-term courses provide professional knowledge about the engineering subject. Moreover, it provides professional work experience for all their registered candidates.

These short-term courses will be beneficial for you soon, and at the same time, none of your external activities will get affected.

Pros:

  • You get to learn new skills
  • It gives you a competitive advantage over your colleagues

Cons: 

  • Not enough to get you a job
  • Gets quickly outdated

PhD in Engineering

PhD in Engineering and Technology is a 5-year long course. Applicants need to have cleared a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science as a subject or equivalent to this degree from a recognized University.

Students with masters in Biology/Pharmacy and Engineering and Technology or any relevant stream with an aggregate of 55% marks and a valid PhD entrance test and the interview are eligible for a PhD.

For admission to the PhD in Engineering and Technology, the minimum requirements are:

  • Tech/ M.Tech in any branch of Engineering/ Bio-Technology and Interdisciplinary areas.
  • Tech/M.Tech or equivalent degree in Engineering and Technology.

Enrol Yourself in a Career Resource Center

After completing engineering studies, you might think about your future. And to have a secure future, you need to make the right decision of choosing a perfect career option for yourself.

Most candidates prefer enrolling their names in some of the career resource centres, which will help them find their dream job or lead them towards a better career and future.

Try for an Internship

You will get exposed to different educational and professional outlook levels by working as an intern.

Joining reputed companies for an internship will provide you with an extra value of an advantage in deciding which field to choose for your career.

Pros: 

  • You get hands-on practical experience
  • You get more knowledge
  • Networking
  • Job offer, depending on how efficiently you work

Cons: 

  • Inequality, as obviously you have as such standing in the market
  • The work you get assigned is usually low-skill duties, which rarely utilizes the progressive skills of an individual.

There are so many ranges of industries for graduates with an Engineering degree – you could enter the automotive, defence, energy, pharmaceuticals, or rail industries.

You can also read our article on Reasons to do MBA after Engineering.

Final Thoughts

No matter which career after engineering you begin after your studies, you’ll have to be prepared for constant problem solving, teamwork, communication, and leadership. You’ll come across problems that you don’t know the answer to straight away. For instance, you will be required to work with a range of Engineers from various disciplines and non-technical colleagues to get the job done. Many employers also search for people who seek to motivate and support others. In conclusion, these engineers bring innovative ideas and economical solutions to the table and are motivated to achieve a result that efficiently addresses the problem!

Continue reading

To read more related articles, click here.