Universities in India

India ranks top among the best education systems in the world. Today, the country lists over 1000 Universities in different states and Union Territories. Moreover, there has been a rise in the establishment of new Universities in the last few years. India has also seen a sharp rise in the number of graduates and postgraduates in recent years. From the years 2001 to 2011, India has established almost 20,000 new Colleges. Thereby, many students have enrolled themselves for higher education. The education rate likewise has seen an upward trend too.

From world-class Institutions like IITs to top QS-ranked Universities like DU, India’s education system offers the best of all to its students. Likewise, India’s education system is the third-largest after the United States and China. Furthermore, the University Grants Commission (UGC) governs all Universities in India. According to the 2011 census, 24.65% of people from Chandigarh and 22.56% from Delhi are postgraduates. And 8 million students since then have joined the universities.

Indian Universities – Count & Types (Everything You Need to Know)

Here are the different types of Universities in India:

Central Universities


Deemed Universities


Private Universities


Institutes of National Importance


Deemed to be Universities


State Universities


Furthermore, a total of 52,627 government, research institutes, and private colleges function under these universities. However, these universities supervise the examinations of all affiliated colleges under them. The universities provide degrees to the students from these colleges rather than the colleges themselves. Our Higher Education System also consists of Distance Education Universities in India and open education facilities as well. Likewise, the Distance Education Council looks after them.

Indian Universities at A Glance

IGNOU is the largest university in the world. It has nearly 3.5 million students in short words. IGNOU means Indira Gandhi National Open University

Following Universities in India are also famous over the world for their standards of Education:

Table of Contents

History of Universities in India

India has a higher education system as old as 1000 BC. However, Vedic Education was prevalent in those ancient universities. Our modern education system moreover comes from the colonialization of India. However, the British established this education system for the sake of spreading colonialization.

Education System in India Before British Raj

The East India Company thus was the first to establish this system in India. The British Parliament took over afterward. Here is the list of Institutes that were established for the first time in India:

  • Calcutta Madras institute – 1781
  • Asiatic Society of Bengal – 1784
  • Banaras Sanskrit College – 1791
  • Fort William College – 1800

With the coming of the Charter Act in 1813, our Indian Education was declared as one of the state duties. This act thus also ceased the missionary activities in British India. Now, this removal helped to develop another institute in 1818 namely Evangelist Serampore.  ‘Minute of Education’ by Thomas Babington in 1835 most importantly brought the Western concept of knowledge in place of the Oriental one.

This also helped to establish the first official Universities in India in 1857. And there were three of these universities respectively in Madras, Bombay, and Kolkata. Moreover, these Universities in India followed the University of London as a model. They focused most importantly on English Language and Humanities. The Indian Education system above all followed this model till 1935.

Education System in India After British Raj

The Government of India Act brought changes to that education system in 1935. This also brought the other overall advanced education changes. Read below to know about the same:

  • Finally, after the independence of India, the Indian government established the University Education Commission to govern these institutes.
  • This Commission also focused on the overall growth and improvements of our Indian Higher Education.
  • The Indian government then started the state-funded institutes to support the higher education system. Besides that, it also started the Grant-In-Aid scheme in order to provide financial help to the private institutes.
  • However, our Higher Education System continued to teach English and Humanities till the 1980s. A few of these universities thus were for example IITs, RECs and IIMs.
  • With the increasing needs of the economy, the rising of the middle class etc. decreased the state-funded universities’ growth. However, it increased the activity of the private sector in our education system.

Types of Universities in India & their Meaning

  • Private Universities
  • Central Universities
  • Deemed Universities
  • State Universities
  • Deemed to be Universities
  • Institutes of National Importance

Private Universities in India: Meaning

Private Universities in India are established and supported by various societies and bodies. These Private Universities are recognized by the University Grants Commission of India (UGC) that draws power through the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.  Moreover, as per the UGC Act, Private Universities are established by an act of local legislative assembly.

The Supreme Court has also confirmed that UGC recognition is mandatory for the operations of any University. Furthermore, as per the 2003 regulations, UGC sends a committee for inspection of Universities and publishes the same report. To conclude, UGC has consolidated a list of 380 Private Universities as of 18 June 2021.

Central Universities in India: Meaning

An act of the Parliament governs all Central Universities in India. These are under the purview of the Union Human Resource Development Ministry and the Department of Higher Education. However, the University Grants Commission takes the expenditure of these institutes, for example, the maintenance, growth, and development funding, etc. As per UGC’s list India has over 54 central universities.

However, the Universities in India such as the Central Agricultural University and the Indira Gandhi National University do not get funding from this Development.

Deemed or Deemed to be Universities in India: Meaning

The Department of Higher Education has granted the accreditation of Deemed or Deemed to be Universities to various higher education institutes. Likewise, these high-performing institutions are referred to as Deemed or Deemed to be Universities. Having said that, these Deemed Universities are autonomous and have been given the same status by MHRD’s Department of Higher Education.

The true meaning of a Deemed or Deemed to be University is when a high performing institution is granted autonomous operations. Likewise, these operations are with regards to its admissions, courses, fee structure, and more.

State Universities in India: Meaning

State Universities in India are public universities that are run and funded by the State Government of every state and Union Territories. After adopting the constitution in the year 1950, Education was the responsibility of the state. After the constitutional change in 1976, the State Universities came under the blanket of Central as well as state government. As of May 2021, UGC has listed over 425 State Universities in India.

Institutes of National Importance: Meaning

Many reputable institutions in India operate autonomously to grant degrees to students. These institutions are not called as ‘Universities’ but ‘Autonomous Institutes’ or ‘Organizations’. Furthermore, the Department of Higher Education of India controls these Institutes of National Importance. Likewise, these Institutes do not consist of any affiliate colleges and work independently to grant Education. These Institutes include IITs, NITs, IISERs and IIMs.

Types of Universities in India: UGC Recognition, Total Numbers & More

Central Universities

As mentioned earlier, the Parliament governs the Central Universities in India. Furthermore, it governs under the Ministry of Education and the Department of Higher Education. Most importantly, all Indian universities are governed through the University Grants Commission. The role of UGC was established after the commencement of the UGC Act of 1956.

Additionally, the government established 15 Councils that control the accreditation & coordination of the Universities in India. Similarly, the Central Universities Act of 2009 controls the Central Universities in India. Above all, it also established 12 Universities in India. According to the latest data of 2020, the UGC is thus governing 54 Central Universities in India.

Top Central Universities in India:

The recent data by the UGC has declared 54 Central Universities in India. Read below to know the top 10 Central Universities in India:  

State Universities

The State Government of each state in India controls these Universities. After the commencement of the Indian Constitution in 1950, education was the responsibility of the state government. Then, in the year 1976, Education became a common responsibility of the State and Central Government.

In addition, as of 2021, the University Grants Commission has declared a total of 426 State Universities in India. 

List of Top State Universities in India

Furthermore, the Hansa Research Survey surveyed the top State number of Universities in India. Thus, it has prepared a list of the top 10 State Universities of India depending on the academic performances, etc. Hence, the list of these top 10 universities in India is as follows:

Deemed Universities

Deemed universities are also higher educational institutes. These universities likewise own the status of a university. Now, the Department of Higher Education provides this status to these Universities in India.

Additionally, any higher educational institute apart from the universities with a high standard of academics can become the Deemed-to-be-university. The University Grants Commission allots this status to such institutes. In conclusion, such institutes enjoy the privileges of a university as well.

Deemed Universities can be both private and public Universities in India. Moreover, the government of India and the state governments look after the public universities. While some bodies and societies support private universities. The University Grants Commission Act of 1956 moreover recognizes all the Universities in India.

There are briefly 15 Councils that control the accreditation and coordination of the different aspects. If a university has the status of a deemed university then it has independence in creating a syllabus, admissions, courses & fees etc. In addition, in 2008, the UGC has listed 130 deemed Universities in India.          

Furthermore, the Indian Institute of Science was the first university to own the status of a deemed university. This took place in the year 1958 in short words. The recent survey has found that the oldest Asian institute namely the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science won the deemed-to-be-university in 2018.

List of Deemed to be Universities in India

Private Universities

India’s higher education system includes both private and public universities. The Government of India or the State government have the responsibility of looking after  Public Universities. While on the other hand, any society or particular body looks after the Private Universities in India.

All Universities in India indeed have the recognition of the University Grants Commission. In fact, the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 permits this power to UGC. Thus, UGC also regulates the Private Universities in India.

Furthermore, a local legislative assembly establishes Private Universities in India. This local assembly works through the UGC act and regulations accordingly. Additionally, according to the regulations of 2003, in order to inspect the Private Universities, the UGC sends a committee there. This committee even prepares an inspection report of the Universities.

UGC also regularly prepares the lists of the Private Universities in India. To conclude, UGC has prepared the latest list in 2020 for the Private Universities in India. Thus, at present, there are 361 Private Universities in India.

List of Private Universities in India

Institutes of National Importance

Institutes of National Importance are public higher educational institutes. On the whole, the Parliament of India declares it as an institute by its act. These Institutes of National Importance are really special institutes and receive special funding from the government.

Read below to know about different specializations of the Institutes of National Importance in India:

Design: National Institutes of Design or NID are considered as the Institutes of National Importance. In fact, the National Institute of Design Act of 2014 declared them as the National Institutes of Importance.

Architecture: The School of Planning and Architecture Act of 2014 declares the Schools of Planning and Architecture as the National Institutes of Importance. On the contrary, SPA is a short name for these institutes.

Management: IIM or the Indian Institutes of Management are the National Institutes of Importance. Subsequently, the Indian Institutes of Management Act of 2017 declared these institutes as the National Institutes of Importance.

Sciences: The Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research are also the Institutes of National Importance. Furthermore, the National Institutes of Technology declares them as INI in India. Even, Science Education and Research act is also responsible for declaring them as INI.

List of Top Universities in India

1. Indian Institute of Science

The Indian Institute of Science is a research university in India. It is a public deemed university for higher education and research in the fields of design, science, management, and Engineering. This institute is situated in Bangalore and was established in the year 1909, making it 112 years old. Jamsetji Tata furthermore supported establishing this institute, hence it is also known as the ‘Tata Institute’. Furthermore, it was granted the status of deemed university in 1958 and the status of Institute of Eminence in 2018.

No. of Affiliated Colleges: 7 IIS in the states namely Punjab, Pune, West Bengal, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tirupati, and Orissa.

Types of Degrees: Bachelor’s, Master’s & PhD

Top Courses: Master of Science in Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering

Average Fee Structure: Rs. 50,000 – Rs. 1 Lakh annually

Average Placement: Rs. 40 Lakhs (highest package), Rs. 10 Lakhs (average package)

2. University of Delhi

The University of Delhi is a public central university of India. Located in New Delhi, it is one of the best Universities in India. Furthermore, the University of Delhi was established in 1922 by the Central Legislative Assembly 1922.

Delhi University functions for itself and of course for its affiliated colleges as well. It consisted of 3 colleges, 2 faculties, and a total of 750 students at the time of its founding. This of course makes it one of the largest higher learning institutes. DU now has over 86 departments and sixteen faculties. These departments likewise are available in different parts of Delhi. At present, DU has 77 colleges affiliated with it along with five more institutes. Furthermore, India’s Vice President is the chancellor of this University.

  • No of Affiliated Colleges: 77
  • Types of Degrees: Bachelor’s, Master’s & PhD
  • Top Courses: BCom, Eco (Hons.), MA English, MBA, PhD
  • Average Fee Structure: Rs 3,000 to Rs. 40,000
  • Average Placement: Rs 58 Lakhs (Highest Package), Rs. 4 Lakhs (Average Package)

3. Panjab University

PU is a public university located in Chandigarh. Panjab University is thus regarded as a central or state university as well. Both Union and State governments fund this university in summary. Panjab University was established in 1882 during the time of the British Raj. The University even has a large number of research & teaching departments (78). 

And, its main campus has 10 centers for teaching and research purposes. The main campus is located in Chandigarh as well. In fact, the institute has 188 colleges affiliated with it and these colleges are located in 8 districts of Punjab. The university also has regional centers at Muktsar, Ludhiana, and Hoshiarpur.

Panjab University has allocated 550 acres of land in Chandigarh city’s 2 sectors 14 and 25 accordingly. It has achieved the fourth rank amongst all the universities of India by International Ranking Agency in 2019-2020. And second rank in ARIIA in 2020. NAAC accredited the Panjab University with A+ valid till 24-11-2022.

This university provides nine hostels for female students and eight for male students. Not only this, but it also has a separate hostel for working women and provides two sports hostels as well.

  • Type of University: Central and State University
  • No of Affiliated Colleges: 188
  • Types of Degrees: Bachelor’s, Master’s and PhD
  • Top Courses: Biophysics, Physical Education, Biotechnology, Mathematics in B.SC
  • Average Fee Structure: Rs 10,000 to 2 Lakh
  • Average Placement: Rs 53 Lakh (Highest Package), Rs 4 Lakhs (Average Package)

4. Lovely Professional University

LPU is a private institute in Phagwara, Punjab. The Lovely International Trust moreover established this university in 2005. In addition, its establishment took place through ‘The Lovely Professional University Act of 2005’. And, its operation started in 2006.

The university campus additionally has 600 acres of land and is near to Jalandhar city. Moreover, LPU has its recognition with the University Grants Commission. Additionally, this recognition is with the Council of Architecture & National Council for Teacher Education as well. Moving ahead, the Pharmacy Council of India also has also given its approval to this University. Besides, it is also a member of the Association of Indian Universities.

Another interesting fact is that the Indian Council of Agricultural Research accredits this institute’s School of Agriculture. Furthermore, the Accreditation Council for Business Schools & Programs also accredits LPU internationally. LPU is moreover a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities as well.

  • No of Affiliated Colleges: 7
  • Types of Degrees: Bachelor’s, Master’s and PhD
  • Top Courses: Bsc & MSc
  • Average Fee Structure: 40,000 to Rs. 2 Lakhs
  • Average Placement: 7 Lakhs (Average Package), Rs. 42 Lakhs (Highest Package)

5. Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay

Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai is a technical and research public university of India located in Powai in Mumbai. IIT Bombay was founded in 1958 and was further decreed as an Institute of National Importance by the Parliament in 1961. In the year 1946, the Government set a committee to discuss the formation of 4 higher institutions of technology in India accordingly. The reason to develop more IITs was likewise to increase the development of technical education in India. As a result, this took place in 1946 subsequently.

The actual planning thus started in 1957. As a result, in 1958, over 100 students took admissions. From that time onwards, IITs have been consequently been expanding to create more technological development among Indians. Till now it has thus added more than 584 buildings.

Now going further, IIT Bombay’s admissions moreover take place through a joint entrance exam. And, the Institute is popular for its 2 years, 4 years & 5-years programs likewise. Then, there is the advanced & graduate aptitude test for engineering courses. Further, the Institute includes three-degree levels namely: Bachelor of Technology, Bachelor of Science, Master of Technology, Master of Science, and Ph.D.

The doctoral degrees moreover have a comprehensive entrance exam. And, it offers doctoral programs in Technology, Engineering, Sciences, and Math. It currently has 15 departments, a school of excellence, 4 other programs, twenty centers, and 1 Management Program.

  • No of Affiliated Colleges: None
  • Types of Degrees: Bachelor’s, Master’s and PhD
  • Top Courses: B. Tech, M. Tech, PhD
  • Average Fee Structure: Rs. 2.2 Lacks to Rs. 2.5 Lacks
  • Average Placement: Rs 62.28 Lacks (Highest Package) Rs 17 Lacks (Average Package)

6. Anna University

Anna University is a state university located in Tamil Nadu, India. The main campus however is in Chennai. Originally its establishment took place in 1978. Further, it consequently received its name after CN Annadurai who was the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu briefly.

Furthermore, this university indeed took numerous different forms over the years. In 2020 however, Tamil Nadu Legislative assembly passed a bill. Finally, the institute came as an affiliating university for engineering institutes. Except for those engineering and science colleges which are a part of Anna Technological & Research University. Now, the University is affiliated with almost 550 engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu.

  • No. of Affiliated Colleges: 550
  • Types of Degrees: Bachelor’s, Master’s, PhD
  • Top Courses: B. Tech, B.Sc, M.Tech, M.Sc
  • Average Fee Structure: Rs 82000 to Rs 2,20,000
  • Average Placement: Rs 4.71 Lacks (Average Package), Rs. 6.57 Lacks (Highest Package)

7. VIT University

Vellore Institute of Technology is a private deemed university. It is located in Vellore, India. Mr. Viswanathan founded this university in 1984. And he named it Vellore Engineering College. Talking about its courses, it has likewise 64 Undergraduate, 35 Postgraduate, 2 Doctorate, 2 M.Tech Industrial Programs, and 16 integrated courses. Briefly speaking the university’s campuses are in Chennai, Bhopal, Amaravati, and Vellore.

VIT furthermore merged its courses into 20 Schools of Study. For instance, with the VIT Law School at its Chennai campus. VIT most interestingly has a system in which the students can make their own timetable with their chosen subjects accordingly. You may above all call this system as the Fully Flexible Credit System. No, not only this, but it also allows them to choose the faculties of their choice to sum up.

VIT briefly speaking provides admissions to its bachelor students through an engineering entrance exam. To utter it with its other name you can also call it the Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination. Fortunately, VIT conducts this exam every year in the month of April & May. At last, the exam has been taking place online since the year 2013. In 2018, a total of 212,000 students have made the registration.

  • No. of Affiliated Colleges: 4
  • Types of Degrees: Research, Integrated, Undergraduate, & Postgraduate programs
  • Top Courses: B.Tech, M.Tech, BCA, MCA
  • Average Fee Structure:  Rs 1.98 Lacks (per year)
  • Average Placement: Rs 6.5 Lacks (Average Package), Rs 44 Lacks (Highest Package)

Universities in India by State and Type


Central University

State University

Private University

Deemed University

INI University


Andhra Pradesh







Arunachal Pradesh




























Uttar Pradesh







List of Top Ranked Universities in India

Most importantly, the legal body in India provides funds & makes sure that our institutes maintain quality standards.  Also, it makes sure that these standards match the global educational trends. Of course, the University Grants Commission is the one to take care of these things.

This organization was established under the Category of Universities for Grant of Graded Autonomy Regulations of 2018. Moving on, the UGC classifies universities into three types, namely Type-I, Type-II, and Type-III.

Top 10 NIRF Ranked Universities

Rankings are very important as they help students to decide which institute suits their career options. Also, it gives knowledge about the institutes, if they are reputed or not. Rankings can furthermore also help in the partnerships between the organizations.

In fact, the President distributed awards to the top-ranking institutes in 2017. Furthermore, the Institutes of Eminence announced to give Rs. 1000 crores to the top 10 Universities in India/NIRF ranked universities under the NIRF. So, rankings are very important considering NIRF.

MHRD created NIRF to rank institutes of higher studies in India. The agency has moreover 16 members including IITs & IIMs directors. Of course, other honored members are also there in this agency as well. Now, read below to know about the top-ranked NIRF Ranked Universities:

Name of University

Ranking 2021

IISc Bangalore


JNU, Delhi


BHU, Varanasi


University of Hyderabad


Tezpur University




Banaras Hindu Uni.


Indian Inst. Of Space Sci, and Technology


Birla Institute of Technology and Science


Visva Bharati


Top 10 India Today Ranked Universities in India

Many Universities in India have been ranked as the best universities by India today. Most importantly, these rankings have been given because of their positions in the Global Universities rankings. The research performance and the voting of the academic members evaluate the universities. Read below to know about the Top 10 India Today Ranked Universities:

Name of University

Ranking 2021

University of Delhi


IIT, Bombay


IIT, Kanpur


IIT, Madras


IIT, Delhi


IIT, Kharagpur


Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies


Savitribai Phule Pune University


VIT University


Amity University


Popular Exams for the Admission in Top Universities

Popular Streams

Types of Courses


UG Courses: B.SC in Agriculture, Genetic Plant Breeding, Animal Husbandry

PG Courses: Horticulture, Microbiology, Fruit Science Seed Science

Ph.D. Courses: Bioinformatics, Environmental Sciences, Water Science.


UG Courses: BA Political Science, History, Economics, Sociology

PG Courses: MA

Ph.D. Courses: PhD Political Science, History, Economics, Sociology


UG Courses: Cost & Management Accountant, Charted Accountancy, B. Com, BBA

PG Courses: M. Com, MBA

Ph.D. Courses: PhD Accountancy

Computer Applications

UG Courses: Computer Technology, Bachelor of Computer Application Hons.

PG Courses: M.Tech Computer Science, Master of Computer applications

PhD Courses: PhD Software Testing, Digital Marketing


UG Courses: Diploma in Para Dental, Dental Technician, Bachelor of Dental Surgery

PG Courses: Master of Dentistry, Dental Technology, M.SC Clinical Dentistry


UG Courses: B.Tech Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering

PG Courses: M. Tech Mechanical Engineering, Biotechnology

Ph.D. Courses: Ph.D. Electrical and Instrumental Engineering, Electrics and Communication Engineering

Hotel Management

UG Courses: Bachelor of Hotel Management, B.SC in Hotel Management 

PG Courses: Master of Hotel Management, M.SC in Hotel Management

Ph.D. Courses: Ph.D. in Hotel Management & Catering Technology


UG Courses: BA English Literature, Geography, Psychology

PG Courses: Master of Journalism, Hospitality, History

PhD Courses: PhD Sociology, Hindi, Philosophy


UG Courses: Bachelor of Laws

PG Courses: Master of Business Law

PhD Courses: Doctor of Philosophy in Law


UG Courses: BBA, BBM, BMS, B.COM


PhD Courses: PhD in Management


UG Courses: Biomedical Engineering, Bachelor of Pharmacy, Occupational Therapy

PG Courses: Radiology, Anatomy, Medicine

PhD Courses: Forensic Medicine, Orthopedics, Pediatrics

Popular Exams for Admissions in the Top Universities in India

The main purpose of entrance exams for the Universities in India is to provide admissions to the students. Each entrance exam is different for each course and University in India. Such exams take place on the basis of past degree courses. Consequently, the main reason for taking the entrance exam is to check the ability of the students.

Only the deserving candidates get to take admissions at the Universities in India thus by clearing the entrance exam. Another reason is that the entrance exam also decides if students are ready to handle their studies in the future. Also, to check their knowledge in a particular field.

Likewise, the entrance exams are always of 2 types: objective or descriptive. The modes are also similar to 2 types: computer-based or pen-based.  Online or offline modes are also there for the Universities in India.


NEET in simple words means ‘The National Eligibility Entrance Test’. This exam furthermore is for MBBS and BDS courses. It takes place for the medical and dental colleges. The National Test Agency moreover conducts this exam. NTA is an independent testing organization, conducting the entrance exam every year in the month of May. The agency offers 90,000 seats for BDS and MBBS institutes likewise.

Earlier CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) used to take this exam instead of NTA. Subjects like Biology, Physics, and Chemistry in 10th and 12th class are compulsory for the medical courses. Furthermore, mathematics as a subject however is not counted in the NEET undergraduate exam.

NTA also conducts the entrance exam for postgraduate degrees as well. Courses such as MD/MS or other PG diplomas etc. are undertaken by students for this exam. The name of this exam likewise is NEET postgraduation.

The NEET exam most importantly takes place online in 11 languages namely, Assamese, English, Odia, Hindi, Tamil, Marathi, Kannada, Urdu, Telugu, and Bengali likewise. The duration of the exam is 3 hours. Moreover, 180 questions are present in the exam. In addition, it takes place in 3 sections namely Biology, Chemistry and physics.


GATE is the Graduate Aptitude Test in engineering that checks the knowledge of the undergraduate subjects for the PG admissions. UG subjects in science & engineering are compulsory and this test checks the knowledge of these subjects for PG admissions likewise. It’s even important for the jobs in private companies as well.

Five organizations jointly run this test namely Seven Indian Institutes of Technologies, the Indian Institute of Science, Department of Higher Education, Government of India, and Ministry of Education. The Seven Institute are thus: Delhi, Roorkee, Chennai, Guwahati, Kharagpur, Mumbai, and Kanpur. The GATE score of a candidate indeed determines the performance level of a candidate.

This score additionally determines the admissions of the candidates for various postgraduate programs.

Above all, MHRD or other govt. agencies also provide financial assistance to students securing good GATE scores. Most importantly, many Indian private companies have started recruiting engineers for entry-level positions on the basis of GATE. To conclude, GATE is really the most competitive exam in India. Even outside India, this exam has recognition like in Singapore, Nanyang Technological University. 

JEE Advanced

JEE Advanced is Joint Entrance Examination Advanced or JEE Advanced. Another name is thus the Indian Institutes of Technology Joint Entrance Exam or IIT JEE. India holds this exam every year for the below-mentioned institutes:

JAB (Joint Admission Board) performs as a guidance for this exam. Most of the Universities in India use the JEE Advanced exam as the basis of the admissions. The list of such Universities in India is as follows:

Another interesting fact about this exam is that it can help you to get admission to international universities as well. Universities like the National University of Singapore and the University of Cambridge likewise. Every year the IITs conduct this exam on a round rotation pattern indeed.

JEE Main

Various engineering Universities in India conduct this exam for engineering programs. JEE means the Joint Entrance Exam. It has two other familiar exams with it namely the JEE Advanced and JEE Main.

The second exam consequently has 2 papers e.g. Paper 1 and Paper 2. Now, the applicants have an option as they can either go for any one of these or both. Both papers moreover have the same pattern which means they consist of multiple-choice questions. Paper 1 is likewise for BTech or BE admissions. Paper 2 is for B. Planning and BArch admissions.

Above all, Paper 2 is a computer-based exam unlike Paper 1. Because Paper 1 is a pen-paper-based exam and takes place offline. On the other hand, Paper 2 however is obviously an online exam. Recently in the year 2020, another exam namely Paper 3 has come into being for the B. Planning admissions. Thus, BPlan courses also have their own separate exam.

Due to the Coronavirus, JEE Main exam has brought some changes in it. The format and the exam trials are now different. There will be 30 questions now in this paper. 20 out of 30 are single-choice ones and the rest of the 10 questions are likewise numerical questions. And, out of these 10 questions, you need to attempt only 5 questions.

Eligibility Criteria for Admissions in Top Indian Universities


So, the basic criterion for Undergraduate admissions for the top Universities in India is quite simple. One needs to have completed the 12th standard for admission to top Indian Universities. Because 12th is the minimum eligibility for undergraduate admissions for top Universities in India. Candidates moreover should have a minimum of 50% in their 12. However, SC/ST students generally have a 5% of relaxation in most of the Universities in India.

Above all, 12th graduation should be with the relevant subjects as some courses require certain subjects. Some Universities in India also require an entrance test for undergraduate admissions. For example, admissions to BTech courses, etc. require a JEE MAIN exam in a few Universities in India. 


For Postgraduate admissions, a Bachelor’s degree is compulsory. The UG degree is compulsory for all the Universities in India in brief. This degree however should be with a certain percentage. All the Universities in India have a different eligibility percentage. Most of the Universities in India however have the same eligibility criterion.

On the basis of that, you need to have a minimum of 55% in your graduation. Moreover, your graduation should be with the relevant courses. The entrance exam and an interview however are compulsory for almost all the Universities in India. In addition, the SC/ST students usually have a 5% of relaxation in the required percentage.   

Know more about Masters in India


PhD degrees of all the Universities in India require a common entrance exam. A master’s degree is also likewise mandatory for all the Universities in India. Your score during your master’s degree should be at least 55% to 60%. Similarly, the SC/ST students might have some relaxation in the percentage.

A personal interview and research proposal is also mandatory in all the Universities in India. Researchers thus have to have a master’s degree with the required percentage and clear an entrance exam & interview.

How affordable is studying at University in India?

First of all, the living cost of India is lower by 66.85% than in the United States. Furthermore, the cost of rent in India is also lower than in the United States by 83.28%. Additionally, the tuition fee in India for government universities is about 400 USD. And the private institutes’ tuition fee costs about Rs 2,00,000.

The government institutes moreover provide the basic courses. While the private institutes offer more specialized courses and other facilities consequently.  Above all, other multiple expenses are also there e.g., food, travel, and leisure, etc. Thus, including all these expenses, the total living cost in India varies between Rs 2,00,000 to Rs 3,00,000.

Most importantly, an international student should carry enough money with her/him to cover the expenses e.g. custom charges, transit expenses and transport fares, etc. You need to consider the other expenses as well for example the admission/study expenses or emergency expenses etc.

Further Details for International Students

India furthermore accepts international debit and credit cards. However, the cheques are workable at certain places. You can nonetheless exchange them at any bank in India. Another important thing is that every international student should have a bank account.

International students moreover should have an admission letter, passport, residential proof, or a student id to open a bank account. Some banks however can demand more documents as well. Every bank account above all has different charges for opening the bank accounts. Consequently, it takes 2 to 3 working days to receive the debit card and checkbook.

Some of the affordable Universities in India with their tuition fees:

Frequently Asked Questions about the Universities in India (FAQs)

Which is the No 1 University in India?

The University of Delhi is indeed the number one University in India. It has maintained its rank on the top according to the Centre for World University Ranking. Delhi University above all is a Public University of India. Hence, it is also regarded as one of the top 10 Public Universities of India.

However, this is the first ranked Public university of India under OS BRICS as well. Its h-index most importantly has touched 192 which are the highest of all the Indian Universities. Delhi University has additionally improved its ranking in QS World. And, it has achieved 474th rank in the world overall. The University moreover has achieved the first position among the 25 Central Universities of India. And, 8th rank among the top 100 universities by the Indian University Rankings 2019. 

How many Universities are there in India?

India’s higher education system is the third-largest in the world in brief. The United States takes first place and China takes second likewise. However, the main governing body of the Universities in India is the University Grants Commission.

Moreover, the University Grants Commission has established 15 Councils to look after the coordination and accreditation of the Universities in India. According to the 2020 survey, India has indeed over 1000 universities. And, out of these, 54 are Central Universities, 416 are State Universities, 125 are Deemed Universities, 361 are Private and 159 are Institutes of National Importance. 

The Institutes of National Importance are AIIMS, IIMS, IITs, NITS, and ISERS likewise. Moving on, there are 52, 627 colleges in India including government, private, standalone, and PG research institutes, etc. Above all, these colleges work under the Universities according to a report in 2020 by the MHRD.  Some colleges most importantly have the authority to provide PhD-level degrees independently.

On the other hand, most of the colleges are thus affiliated with the Universities. But, the colleges provide the degrees to students under the name of the universities rather than the college.

Which is the cheapest University in India?

In the last decade, Indian Universities have grown tremendously. Hence, the influx of students has also grown by a large percentage. Furthermore, many Universities in India offer education at nominal rates.  So, for those who want to study in India or want to study on a budget, India is definitely the best choice for you. Take a look at the following list of the top 10 cheapest Universities in India:

What is the rank of India in 2021?

Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai has secured 177th rank, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi secured 185th rank, and IISc Bengaluru secured 186th rank in the global ranking. Moreover, IISc has scored 100 out of 100 for the CPF metric in the London-based educations analyst. The Education Minister has indeed declared that India is emerging as a Vishwaguru in the field of Education and Research.

Thus, in the QS World University Rankings of 2022, India’s IISc, IIT Bombay and IIT Delhi have ranked in the top 200 positions. IIT Bombay, according to the 18th edition of the rankings, is India’s top-ranked university for the 4th year. However, it has come to 177 places from the 2021 rank. Above all, IIT Delhi has become the Second Best University of India. Moreover, it has risen to 185th rank from 193rd rank.

This University outraced the IISc last year which was indeed at the 186th rank. Furthermore, the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras is now at the 255th rank. And, this is its highest rank since 2017. Similarly, the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal is at 280, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati is at 395th rank thus entering the top 400 globally. Not only this, the Indian Institutes has even improved the research impact as well. India’s 17 out of 35 universities have gained an increase in their CPF score briefly.

How can I check my University affiliation in India?

If you are a student looking for different affiliations for Universities in India, then you are on the right page. Read below to know the same:

BCI: If you are planning to study Law, then BCI is the best choice for you.

AICTE: For those who are seeking Technical Education then the All India Council of Technical Education is the best for you.

CCH: The Central Council of Homeopathy is best for the homoeopathy courses.

MCI: The Medical Council of India is the best option for you if you want to pursue MBBS, MD, or MS in brief.

PCI: For the degrees for example B.Pharma or M.Pharma, Pharmacy Council of India is the best for you.

NCTE: Moving on, for the courses like B.ED or M.ED, the National Council for Teachers Education is undoubtedly the best institute for you.

DCI: The Dental Council of India is best for dental studies.

ICAR: The Indian Council of Agricultural Research is the best option for agricultural studies.

DEC: For students who want to pursue distance learning education, the Distance Education Council is best for you. Moreover, you can take admission to other courses as well in this institute. For example, BA, BCA, or B.COM, etc.

Is JNU better than DU?

Both JNU and DU have different admission criteria and reputations. Hence, comparing both in terms of education isn’t possible. However, one can say that Jamia Mallia Islamia University and Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) are more competitive than DU. Even though DU has the highest number of applications; these 2 universities are nonetheless more competitive.  Furthermore, the DUs administration has shared that DU’s applications numbers have been continuously increasing from 1, 90,000 to 3 lacs in 2015.

However, the available seats have remained the same (54,000) since 2012. And, since the acceptance rate is less, it makes it more difficult to get admission at DU. On the other hand, the acceptance rate at Jamia and JNU has been constant for the last 5 years. Also, since the rate is even lesser than DU, so it makes DU less competitive than the other universities.

JNU’s number of applications has been rising for the past few years briefly. One of the reasons for its increasing number is additionally because of the online applications since 2012. Before this online process, the number of the applications forms was 2 lacs likewise. The 2016-2017 session however had a decrease of the application numbers to 3,000.

How many students are there in India in 2020?

India is at the first rank in the student population in brief. In addition, there are a total of 315 million students in India. India is similarly also on top in world population which makes it on top for the student population as well.

Above all, Indian students themselves will make the largest population of the world by crossing the total population of the US with 318 million. To compare it with China, it has 252 million students at present.  To sum up, 3.3 million out of 318 million students are above the age of 30. In fact, 12 lacs are above 60 years. And, 1.2 lacs are above 80 years of age likewise.

How many Indian students graduate each year?

First of all, India’s higher education system is the largest in the world. The All India Survey on Higher Education has announced that India has 993 universities, 399931 colleges & 10725 Stand Alone Institutes briefly.

The total enrolment of students in the higher education system is thus 37.4 million. Out of 37.4 million, 19.2 million are male and 18.2 million are female accordingly. However, the total gross enrolment ratio has increased since 2017-2018 with 26.3 from 25.8. Similarly, the enrolment has increased from 3.66 crores to 3.74 crores.

It proves that almost 8,00,000 new students have taken admissions in higher education in 2018-2019. 

How many students pass 12 every year?

To conclude, the CBSE has declared that 88.78% of students passed 12th last year. Moreover, the passing percentage has increased by 5.38% as compared to the last year with 83.4%. To sum up, Kerala’s Trivandrum district has the highest passing percentage with 97.67%. Bengaluru has thus the second highest with 97.05 and Chennai likewise at the third with 96.17%.

To sum up, girls have done far better than boys this year. Thus, girls have 92.15 percent and boys have 86.19 percent.

Is IIT better than MIT?

Both of the institutes are better at their own place briefly. We cannot compare these institutes as both are good universities. However, those who want to study in India can go for IIT. And, the ones who want to study at the international level can choose MIT.  Therefore, the following is a list of a few of the overviews of both the universities and you can choose any of these universities considering these things:

  • Courses and rankings of both the universities
  • Admission process
  • Research Prospects
  • Selection Criteria
  • Student Life
  • Infrastructure 
  • Faculty
  • Exposure
  • Fee Structure

Which field of education is best in India?

In India, students generally select the fields with the highest salary jobs. Not only India, but the students from the other countries as well wish to select such fields.

Therefore, here we have a list of such fields with the highest salary packages:

  • Medical Professionals
  • Merchant Navy
  • Engineers
  • College Lecturer
  • Chartered Accountant
  • Management Professionals
  • Architects
  • Scientists
  • Aviation Careers
  • High Paying Govt. Jobs

How many State Universities are there in Uttarakhand?

The total number of State Universities in Uttarakhand are 11. Most importantly, ever since Uttarakhand has become an independent state, the higher education rate has increased within 12 years. Uttarakhand has now established a total of 19 universities, 36 colleges and some other Private Institutes.

The Uttarakhand Government’s main focus is the quality, equity and better governance of the higher education institutes. However, there’s only one Central University in Uttarakhand. The popular State Universities of Uttarakhand are the Uttarakhand Ayurveda University, Doon University, HNDBGU and Kumaun University etc.  Then, below is the list of a few of the State Universities:

What are the parameters of NIRF ranking?

Basically, NIRF means the National Institutional Ranking Framework. It has a responsibility of preparing the rankings of the institutes. Next, we have a list of the categories of NIRF ranking:

  • Medical Ranking
  • Overall Ranking
  • College Ranking
  • University Ranking
  • Pharmacy Ranking
  • Engineering Ranking
  • Law Ranking
  • Architecture Ranking.

Moving on, NIRF ranking is based on the following five parameters:

  • TLR (Teaching, Learning and Resources)
  • RP (Research and Professional Practice)
  • GO (Graduation Outcomes)
  • OI (Outreach & Inclusivity)
  • PP (Peer Perception)

Furthermore, the NIRF Ranking has become popular for the past few years. An increase in the total number of participation by the universities has also risen to compared to the past years.

List a few Private Liberal Arts Universities in India?

The list of a few private Liberal Arts Universities in India is as follows:

Name some of the few Foreign Universities offering Psychology programs?

Psychology is basically a study of the human mind and behavior. Hence, you can check out the following list of a few of such universities offering psychology programs:

  • Stanford University
  • UCL
  • Princeton University
  • University of Chicago
  • Harvard University
  • Yale University
  • Washington University
  • Suffolk University
  • Rice University
  • Vanderbilt University
  • Duke University
  • Northwestern University
  • Dartmouth College 

What are QS World University Rankings?

So, QS World University Rankings basically means an annual publication of the rankings of the universities in the world. This system consists of 3 basic parts namely the Global Overall Ranking, the Subject Rankings, and BRICS. The International Ranking Expert Group gives approval to the QS ranking. This ranking system moreover is one of the three best university rankings.

These are Times Higher Education Academic Ranking of World Universities and Academic Ranking of World Universities respectively. The Times Higher Education Academic Ranking of World Universities above all is the most viewed one globally. It has however received a lot of criticism as well for some reasons. A few of the other ones are e.g. Architecture Ranking, Law Ranking, Engineering Ranking, Pharmacy Ranking, University Ranking, and College Ranking, etc.

What are some of the popular University Entrance Exams in India?

India’s top popular university entrance exams are likewise as follows:

  • MET

So, these were the top ten Engineering entrance exams in India. In addition, all of these entrance exams’ conducting bodies are as follows:

  • NTA
  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education
  • BITS Pilani
  • SRM Institute of Science and Technological University
  • Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology
  • A consortium of Medical Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka
  • VIT University
  • JNTU Kakinada
  • West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination

This list was according to the above-mentioned entrance exams respectively.

How many Central Universities are there in India?

UGC has briefly declared 54 Central Universities in India. Some of these are as follows:

  • Rajiv Gandhi University
  • Tezpur University
  • School of Planning & Architecture
  • Assam University 
  • Delhi University and more
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