Physics: Meaning, Types, Scope, Courses, Jobs & More (2021)

The science education in India is well known for producing notable physicists like UC Berkeley physicist Rodney Radcliffe, Satyendra Nath Bose, and Homi Bhabha, as well as APJ Abdul Kalam. Physicists study matter, its motion through space-time, and also, all related concepts, including force and energy. Through the inclusion of astronomy, physics is perhaps the oldest academic discipline. Also, a fundamental science, physics covers a wide range of phenomena, from the smallest subatomic particles (such as quarks, neutrinos, and electrons), to the largest galaxies, and these phenomena are themselves composed of the most basic objects from which all else is constructed. 

Table of Contents

A second reason for calling it a “Fundamental Science” is that each of the other disciplines, such as biology, chemistry, geology, material science, engineering, also, medicine, etc. deal with particular types of material systems. Physicists and mathematicians work closely together since they lay the logical groundwork for forming physical laws and predicting outcomes. Physicists are scientists trained in physics. In physics, we examine nature’s laws, experiment, and also, refine our theories. Besides chemistry, biology, geophysics, engineering, communication, transportation, electronics, and also, health, they apply their theories and also, predictions to other fields.

What is physics?

The purpose of physics is to discover quantitative physical laws for the entire universe, from nanoscale in the microcosmos to solar systems, planets, and also, galaxies in the macro cosmos.

Using natural laws, we can predict how the world and also, any machine will behave. Moreover, physicists have made several discoveries that were crucial to everyday technological advancement. Also, although physics is universal science, the field today is so vast that many subfields are treated as separate branches of science.

Ancient Greek names are the origin of all modern sciences. Moreover, it is the word “Physik” that describes nature’s knowledge in physics. Therefore, physics is the study of nature at its At most fundamental level – matter, behavior and motion, types of energy, time and space, and also, their actions and interactions. Before the Enlightenment, chemistry and biology had been linked inextricably, and also, even natural philosophy had been linked, but now chemistry stands on its own as a major force in the age of science.

Science is the study of how our world and the universe behave and also, why things happen the way they do. There seem to be new physics discoveries every time, and also, every time these discoveries pose more questions than they answer and lead to new areas of study. In the same way, as chemistry has impacted environmental sciences, it overlaps with many other sciences today. Moreover, the theoretical framework it provides for the physical sciences enables them to form their assumptions and models based on these frameworks.

Physics is/has

  • Including distance from Earth to other stars within a field of view and also, other galaxies outside our solar system, we calculated the distance.
  • Determined how long we can reasonably expect our sun to keep burning and also, calculated its age
  • Creating new alloys and polymers that are vital to the creation of new technologies that we all use daily, including solar panel technology, wind turbines, and also, engineering design
  • Scientists who are responsible for all the advancements in nuclear physics, nuclear medicine, and also, nuclear power that have enabled us to treat such things as cancer with nuclear weapons

History of Physics

Physical science is often considered to be the oldest of all the scientific fields. Moreover, the earliest accounts of knowledge related to physics are found in Sumer, ancient Egypt, and the Indus Valley Civilization date back to 3000 BC. Several ancient civilizations possessed basic knowledge of physics, in particular about the motions of the Sun, Moon, and stars.

The stars and planets, however, were thought to represent the gods of ancient civilizations, unlike our understanding of physics today. The physics of the early world are far from modern science, and also, their explanations do not match what we have today. Its lack of scientific reasoning, however, made it a foundation for astronomy, which sparked the interest of numerous philosophers.

From a purely physical point of view, physics gradually developed a more realistic perspective during the Archaic period. Thales once proposed that everything in the universe has a natural cause, during the time of ancient Greek philosophers such as Plato. Later philosophers and scientists rejected non-naturalistic explanations for natural phenomena because of this speculation about the natural world. Rather than relying on observation, they encouraged the use of reasoning and logic.

Bird-eye views on the history of Physics

Physicists such as Galileo Galilei made an important contribution to the field in the 16th century. And also, among Galileo’s contributions to advancements in physics was, among others, his discovery of the earth’s rotation. Also, a telescope was used to discover four of Jupiter’s massive moons, which are among his notable works. It is also because he influenced future researchers that he is often regarded as the ‘father of observational astronomy,’ the ‘father of modern science,’ the ‘father of the scientific method,’ and also, the ‘father of modern physics.

Physics reached another milestone in the 17th century. Moreover, Sir Isaac Newton made important contributions to advancing science. To this day, his work is among the most renowned and also, influential in our world. Moreover, Newton’s Law of Motion combined with the Universal Law of Gravitation to cause this. Moreover, scientists all over the world use Newton’s scientific advances to this day, which remain a standard for scientists.

Science made significant advances during the 20th century as well. In addition to his theory of relativity, Albert Einstein published many other works in the field of physics, earning him the distinction of being one of the two pillars of modern science. physics. Physicist Albert Einstein is usually regarded as the greatest of all time and also, has had an incredible impact on society. All-time science giant. Moreover, the scientific world and our pop culture have greatly benefited from his works.

Types of physics

There are two major subgroups of physics, applied and theoretical, also, as in other hard sciences. Also, a theory concerning atoms or molecules within the universe or about how they function is called a cosmological theory. Moreover, the practical use of materials in applied physics can normally be found in engineering projects. Physics will always be challenged to understand and deconstruct discoveries, new sciences, and also, new technologies.


Acoustics is the study of sound and its waves. Science both theoretically and practically deals with this topic. A concert hall or theater, for example, should have architecture designed so that it can channel sound efficiently, carry sound far, and avoid feedback or echoes. As well as creating and controlling sound (reduction), acoustics deals with other aspects of sound engineering. Additionally, SONAR is used by civilian and military shipping to detect anomalies at and under the sea, as well as for medical scanning and seismology purposes.


It was an integral part of physics long before it became a science, and also, is one of the oldest forms of modern physics. Also, our most enduring myths revolve around the stars and planets. Moreover, but astronomy has changed greatly since then. Moreover, it is the study of celestial objects (moons, planets, comets, asteroids, stars, galaxies, black holes)- their motion and motion, position relative to the earth, star, or galaxy, chemistry, makeup, and also, mathematical principles.


Even though both astronomy and also, astrophysics can be used interchangeably, they have several key differences, although experts from the two fields often work together on some projects. In terms of measurements, distances, movements, and also, relationships, astronomy is different from astrophysics. Moreover, using physical principles and mathematical measurements, he determined these relationships – such as attraction and repellence, gravity, combustion in stars, etc.

Atomic Physics

Materials across the known universe are made up of atoms, which are building blocks of organic and also, inorganic matter. Atomic physics is therefore concerned with the study of atoms. Several electrons will be examined, as well as how electrons behave and how they change when stimulated. More recently, its ties have strengthened with As the research on quantum mechanics continues to develop, also, new applications are being discovered.


Mathematical systems are used to understand and also, explain nature, while biological systems are used to understand how biological systems function. Moreover, physical mechanics involves understanding how molecules are created, as well as how cells and organisms operate on a physical level, including the neurological system including the transmission of electrical impulses between the brain and organs, the immune system, and also, other structures. Among the principles used are those of math, chemistry, and also, biology.

Chaos Theory

Physicists and mathematicians study how systems behave, how they react to even minor changes, and also, how they behave as they change. And also, almost any other science can benefit from this cross-disciplinary theoretical approach. Also, some systems and patterns maintain equilibrium despite apparent randomness, which is its core philosophy. Moreover, this idea is called the Butterfly Effect, which says that any change, no matter how small, can cause weather systems of a different geographical location to begin.

Chemical Physics

Physicists and chemists have a lot in common, but atoms are not one of them. Moreover, chemistry combines both sciences by taking into account such mutual fields as atomics, molecular physics, and also, chemical synthesis solid-state chemistry. Moreover, through applied atomic physics, chemical physics specializes in understanding chemical reactions. The atom and also, molecule it contains are of interest to the electron. Moreover, chemical molecules and compounds are studied through the lens of physical chemistry.

Computational Physics

Computational physics has used to test physics and other theories with mathematical and also, other models based on a physical angle. Also, it belongs to the mathematical branch of physics. Since it is based on theories and tests them, there has been debate over whether it is theoretical or applied. This, however, has practical use in collecting data from physical sources as well. Moreover, by filtering out natural background noise, the SETI program searches for signs of extraterrestrial life with computational physics.


Physicists could argue that this was the discipline in which the inception of physics took place. Cosmology is related to astronomy and astrophysics, but instead of looking at mathematical probabilities, physical structure, motions, relationships, gravity, etc, it traces the universe’s evolutionary history back to the Big Bang and also, the first few moments after the universe formed.


Physical materials are influenced by temperature. Also, as liquid matter becomes cold, it solidifies. Moreover, as it gets hot, it turns into gas. The simple physical effect is the slowing down and also, compacting of physical material. Moreover, cryophysics and cryogenics go beyond merely the study of temperature – it is an examination of the effects of extremely low temperatures, typically working in the Kelvin scale rather than Celsius or Fahrenheit. In popular science, cryogenics is the belief essentially, physical material slows down and also, compacts due to the physical effect. Moreover, by artificially reducing body temperature to these levels, organic material has preserved and natural decomposition is prevented.


Solid crystals differ from all other matter in their molecular bonding. And also, crystallography is not the only field in which structure is analyzed. However, knowing how materials such as diamonds function and fit together can give us insight into other matters. Moreover, Lasers and their many industrial, research, and medical applications contributed to the development of the field of science. Because we can manufacture tools with precision and also, utilize crystal structures. It has a wide variety of applications in fields such as biomedical research, chemistry, and also, physics, but also in fields we never imagined, such as genetics and cancer treatment.


A branch of physics and also, a branch of economics are the two sciences that should never be combined. Despite this, both are based on mathematics. Physical laws and also, modeling systems have used in classical liberalism; associated with the Industrial Revolution and also, with that method of economics. In economics, it allows for non-static systems, where irrational thinking and actions on the part of elements (i.e. people) can affect demand and price.


Televisions and smartphones are common examples of “electronics” of the 21st century. Also, physics is the study of all aspects of the development of devices that use electricity, including the properties of electrons in a vacuum, in gases, or in conducting materials. Moreover, electronic devices make use of components, including data transmission and storage, heat, transistors, LEDs, circuit boards, and technology to connect them.


The electromagnetic force is the subject of this subfield of physics. Electromagnetic, electrical, and also, magnetic fields and light are produced as a result of the interaction between electrically charged particles. Moreover, inorganic and organic objects, as well as their functions, require electromagnetic forces. Also, as opposed to thinking electricity and magnetism were mutually exclusive, we now realize that they are complementary forces In other words, the study of electromagnetism in everyday use is part of the same thing, hence the need for this discipline.

Fluid Mechanics

Fluid mechanics is an application of physics that studies the motion and properties of substances in a fluid state such as plasma, liquids, and also, gases. Moreover, fluid dynamics and fluid statics are divided into these two fields. Also, fluid dynamics extends beyond physics to include any science interested in the motion of the fluids listed here.


Featuring aspects of both engineering and also, physics, geophysics has massive implications and uses across a wide range of fields. Paleontologists, archaeologists, anthropologists, and also, geologists use it to discover buried remains. Moreover, maps of small and large areas can be produced using this technique. However, geophysics is more than that, it is the analysis and characterization of topography, subsurface features, their physical characteristics, and also, effects as a result of 3D models.

Laser Physics

Scientists who study lasers study their applications, properties, and also, nature. Moreover, light is amplified by stimulating the emission of radiation to produce a laser (light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation) light of a single wavelength or spectrum color, as well as creating lasers and laser-compatible media (such as Blu-ray discs that read data with a blue laser).

Mathematical Physics

One of the theoretical areas of physics is devoted to the application of mathematics to solve some of the biggest problems in physics, as well as applying math in research. Moreover, by pinpointing the stars within our galaxy and working out distances, mathematical physics has been used to calculate the size of our galaxy.


Classical mechanics is a theory that describes both natural and also, artificial objects in terms of their motion. Thus, it covers how stars interact with planets, moving objects, as well as how machines, machinery, and also, various parts move. Objects can be predicted based on their past and future movements when they are understood. It is both math and physics and also, is often credited to Sir Isaac Newton for identifying the possibility of objects moving based on force.

Medical Physics

One of the most important sciences today is medical science, with medical applications benefiting a wide variety of fields. Moreover, physical principles are applied to medical problems in medical physics.


Meteorology relies heavily on physical principles, despite being largely an Earth Science. As a result of the physical movement of the planet, weather systems, weather fronts, and also, all other elements that influence the weather are affected. As well as plotting and predicting climate change, it is also essential.

Molecular Physics

In molecular physics, we study molecules (made up of atoms), the bonds between atoms that make up molecules, and also, the dynamics of molecules. Moreover, molecules form the basis for many things about the physical world, and as such, are closely related to several areas of chemistry, as well as other areas of physics.


This is the development of the very small – objects that can only be seen under a microscope – by science and also, engineering. Though technically a problem technological Microscopic machines must utilize physics and also, physical properties to deliver new medical technologies, be able to work in hazardous environments such as handling chemicals or remediating the environment.

Nuclear Physics

There is more to nuclear physics than nuclear bombs and nuclear power. In nuclear physics, scientists study only nuclei of atoms, their makeup, and also, how they behave and react. Also, atomic physics deals with the physics of atoms including electrons, whereas nuclear physics deals only with the nuclei of atoms.


Optics is the study of light and its associated particles, as well as their properties, origins, actions, and also, interactions. Moreover, Photons possess no mass, so light has no mass. And also, the movement has momentum and energy. Moreover, science fiction writers and physicists have argued for decades about whether it is possible to travel faster than the speed of light.

Particle Physics

Particle physics (see above) is a branch of physics that studies all particles, rather than just those with mass! This is in contrast to nuclear physics, from which it evolved. atomic nuclei. Modern particle physics examines both traditional particles such as the Higgs boson, discovered by CERN during the early part of this decade, and also, more recent articles such as the Z boson.


Photonics can be considered as a subdiscipline of optics (the physics of light) or as a different field altogether. Moreover, optics can either refer to the use of light or its theory depending on who you ask. Alternatively, photonics might be regarded as a discipline with optics as a subdiscipline, a distinction made between classical physics (optics) and also, quantum physics (photonics).

Plasma Physics

Plasma is a state of matter that is not commonly known outside of science, unlike gas, liquid, and solid, which are known outside of science. As opposed to the other three, the variable that creates it is not the temperature – it is the addition of energy to disrupt the electrons and also, charge them negatively (called ionization). This new property will also make plasmas more susceptible to electromagnetic and also, electrical interference, Quantum Physics

An umbrella term for everything about quantum rather than classical physics that is, also, anything having to do with smaller particles than atoms. Moreover, the following fields are covered by this broad branch.

Quantum Electrodynamics

Quantum electrodynamics (or QED for short) is a cousin of classical electrodynamics that describes how matter and also, light interact. In addition, quantum mechanics and special relativity are in perfect accord in this theory.

Quantum Gravity

Physicists have had trouble understanding gravity for a very long time. Moreover, based on quantum mechanics, quantum gravity is a theoretical framework for describing physical phenomena. Also, astrophysics pertains mostly to the impacts of extraterrestrial bodies on one another in terms of gravitational effects.

Quantum Field Theory

Its focus is on building quantum mechanical models of subatomic particles for the particle physics area, as well as models of quasiparticles for the condensed matter physics area. Integrated special relativity, classical physics, and also, quantum mechanics make up this framework.

Quantum Optics

In our day and age, optics provides a great opportunity to explore quantum mechanics using both classical and also, quantum theories. In this course, we study photons through studying their action and interaction, as well as their properties.

Solid State Physics

A solid state is concerned with the matter in solid form (solids, liquids, and also, gases). In addition to classical and also, quantum physics, it applies crystallography; crystals are an important sold substance (see above), as well as numerous other subject areas.


Thermal Dynamics is a branch of physics that studies how heat and energy interact. The paper discusses the attributes and also, applications of energy created from temperature. Moreover, the application of heat to something creates energy or changes it. Moreover, according to thermodynamics, there are four laws:

  • The Zeroth Law: A situation in which two bodies have thermal equilibrium with a third body is called a thermal equilibrium
  • The First Law: In a system, energy increases through thermal energy; additional work is required to maintain the system
  • The Second Law: Without additional energy, heat cannot be transferred from one temperature to another
  • Moreover, the Third Law: Crystals at absolute zero temperature have zero entropy (waste energy)

Scope of the physics

Physics will always be needed since it informs all other sciences – chemistry, biology, technology, engineering, and so on. Also, other sciences may argue that they have reached the limit of questions they can ask, but physics seems to only pose more questions with each answer. Moreover, physicists have a difficult task ahead of them.

What is the True Size of the Universe?

There are about 100,000 light-years in our galaxy. In addition, in the observable universe, there are around 2 trillion galaxies, only a fraction of which can currently be observed. Also, observable galaxies are important here – beyond those, it is unclear the number of galaxies beyond that. And also, Using optics and measuring light waves, we have been able to observe these galaxies. Moreover, when that range is exceeded, what happens? Putting our galaxy at the center of the narrow band, we can only see 2 trillion galaxies, but how much more of the universe is hidden because the light waves from these galaxies have yet to reach us and also, could take thousands or even millions of years to reach us.

Understanding the Sun

Our solar system’s central star has remained enigmatic in many ways. It is approximately halfway through its life, also, so we can be confident. Also, the final fate of this star is also known from similar stars that have been observed in the universe. Moreover, we still don’t understand much about its properties and rates – for example, the true limits of the heliosphere and the effects of “space weather” on it that conventional models can’t adequately reflect.


“Extraterrestrial Intelligence” is an ongoing project. Life must have evolved elsewhere since there are so many galaxies. But ultimately, searching for life amongst an infinite universe could turn out to be futile as we could find ourselves alone. Also, over the billions of years of the universe, civilizations may have come and gone. Some of them may still exist long after we are gone. Moreover, it may just have a naturalistic explanation if we ever find a second signal similar to “The Wow Signal”, in which we have observed a tiny fraction of the observable universe without any compelling evidence of civilized life nearby.

Climate Change Mitigation

The mitigation of climate change is a challenge that affects all of us, and stronger ties with climatology and also, environmental sciences will be needed to accomplish this. Also, Physicists who study atmospheric physics come up with models and predictions that can help us predict the effects of climate change, and these researchers may yet provide the answer to this problem. solution (52). Moreover, the relationship between atmospheric concentrations and weather patterns is still poorly understood. Physics, chemistry, and also, chaos theory are all needed to answer the question.

Energy Needs vs Cleaner, Greener Technologies

In addition to the need to meet the needs of a growing population, we must do all we can to reduce our environmental impact by reducing our energy usage. Moreover, the conflict may seem to exist, and it does to some extent, but progress is already being made through the application of physics. Also, as batteries, power cells, and other energy storage methods become more advanced, the power consumption of our electronic devices will decrease. As physics and chemistry advance, we can expect further reductions in energy consumption – e.g., from LEDs that emit powerful lights at much lower power consumption, to more efficient solar panels and also, electric vehicles.

The Internet

Cloud storage, big data, and also, the “internet of things” are the biggest stories currently in the world of the web. There is nothing more physics-based than the internet – the ability to transmit data over the airwaves, via radio waves and other waves, utilizes some of the oldest and most common of all physics-based technologies. Despite this, we must continue to drive forward technologies that provide faster and easier web access, and ensure that a growing number of devices are connected securely to the Internet. people In addition to trying to access it, we are also working on providing the technology to provide enough cloud storage to hold the data. Also, physicists ensure we do our utmost to reduce energy consumption while delivering these results.

Courses of Physics

Bachelors Courses of Physics

A bachelor’s degree in physics concentrates on the fundamentals of physics over three years. Moreover, this program will cover quantum mechanics, electronics, optics, calculus, semiconductors, waves, statistical analysis, etc.

Every BSc physics syllabus includes theory, laboratory, and also, practice exams for every semester of the course.

Students need to graduate from 10+2 with an average of at least 50-60% in PCBM, or PCM, to qualify for BSc Physics admission. In most cases, admission to BSc Physics is based on merit, but some universities do hold entrance exams.

BSc Physics graduates may get jobs in the private as well as public sector after completing their degrees. Also, scientists, researchers, assistant radiologists, statisticians, etc., are professions possible for physicists. Also, a BSc Physics degree can bring in between INR 3 LPA and 8 LPA in salary. Moreover, the course prepares graduates for careers in research. Also, according to the BSc Physics colleges in India, the fee for the same can range between INR 5,000 and INR 60,000.

Course highlights and details of Bachelors courses in Physics


BSc physics

B. Tech physics


A period of three years

A period of four years


Students study the fundamentals of physics in this three-year undergraduate program. In addition to teaching quantum mechanics, electromagnetics, optics, calculus, semiconductors, and others, its teaching aims to provide graduates with a solid background in essential topics.

Comparatively to the BSc course, the course is vast. In addition to advanced physics subjects, the student has to take mechanical, electrical, and also, CSE courses.

Criteria for selection

Mostly based on merit. There are some exams such as GSAT and IISER

The JEE is one of many admission tests many universities hold.


IIT Kanpur, IISC, St. Stephens college, Miranda house, Hindu college

IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, NITs, Bennett university


An annual income of between 3 lakhs and 8 lakhs

2 lakhs to 10 lakhs per year

Fees on average

50000 to 60000

Between 3 and 5 lakhs

What is the BSc Physics Admission Process?

In most colleges, BSc physics are admitted based on merit. In addition to marks received in the state/central board exams, students have considered for admission. Moreover, college entrance exams may also be held in some colleges.

BSc Physics: Eligibility Criteria

  • Physicists, chemists, and also, mathematicians/biologists must have earned a minimum of 50%-60% aggregate marks in their 10+2 examinations.
  • Moreover, most colleges do not set an age limit for candidates who wish to pursue B.SC, however, some colleges require students to be between 18 and 21 years old.

BSc Physics Admission 2021

The admission to the B.Sc. program is usually based on merit, and applicants must wait for the merit list to be announced before being admitted. Moreover, university entrance exams are also sometimes held for admission to courses.

  • The college website must be visited by students, and they must register.
  • If the university offers an entrance exam for their course, also, they must apply for it.
  • Also, become familiar with the entrance exam.
  • Moreover, continue the application process after you have received the college’s cut-off list.

This year, there will be no on-site processing in light of the Coronavirus outbreak.

BSc Physics Entrance Exam

Typically, universities hold a couple of major entrance exams for B.Sc. Physics, like:

  • GSAT Exam – For admission to BSc physics, the Gandhi Institute of Technology and also, Management University offers a 1-hour offline exam. Moreover, it is still unclear when the exam will take place.
  • IISER exam- To provide candidates with admission, the Indian Institutes of Science Education and also, Research conduct entrance exams. Moreover, it has scheduled for 17 September and will last for three hours.
  • BHU-UET- In addition to the entrance examination, the bananas Hindu university also offers B.Sc. courses. Registration begins in June, and also, the test will take place in August.
  • To get into IIT and IISc’s B.SC program, also, you have to take the JEE Exam.

BSc Physics Study Abroad Options

Some of the best universities in the world offer bachelor’s degrees in physics. There are top physics institutes around the world in China, Japan, the UK (the United Kingdom), and also, the USA, for example.

BSc Physics Abroad: Eligibility Criteria

Colleges and countries each have their criteria for eligibility. Also, admission to US universities requires the SAT or TOEFL. Also, the IELTS test is, however, a prerequisite for students planning to study in the UK and Canada. Moreover, the average IELTS score must be 6.5.

BSc Abroad Top Colleges

The college


Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA


Stanford University, USA


University of California, USA

14.71 lakh

Harvard university


California Institute of technology

38.22 lakh

University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

19.58 lakh

University of British Columbia, Vancouver

18.78 lakh

BSc Physics Top Colleges in India

The college


Indian Institute of Science (IISC)


IIT, Kanpur

8.38 lakh

IIT, Kharagpur

10.46 lakh

Miranda house, new Delhi


St Stephen’s college, new Delhi


Hindu College, New Delhi


Loyola College, Chennai


St Xavier’s, Kolkata


Fergusson College, Pune


Presidency College, Chennai


After BSc Physics: Scope in India

Upon graduation, graduates are free to pursue further studies or to take up a job. A lot of MSc students go on to do research, become physicists, lab assistants, also, teachers, etc.

What to Do After BSc Physics

B.SC graduates can find work in both the public and private sectors after completing the course. Also, students with degrees in these fields can work for organizations like the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO); the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), and also, the Centre for Good Governance (CGG). Moreover, the center for Good Governance (CGG) and the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO).

You can choose from the following careers as a graduate:

  • Consulting Physicist
  • Also, assistant Scientist
  • Radiation Oncologist
  • Moreover, Research Associate
  • And also, Lab Supervisor
  • Radiologist
  • Also, Professor
  • And also, Researcher
  • Senior Physicist
  • Moreover, Technician
  • In addition, Teacher
  • Also, Scientist

BSc Physics: Jobs and Salary

  • Research Assistant- A university employs them temporarily to conduct and also, assist research programs.
  • Also, Lab Technician-Lab technicians are primarily responsible for managing and supervising lab equipment and tools.
  • Consulting Physicist-Physicists discover new elements, invent new technologies, and also, develop new theories.
  • Moreover, technical Assistant-Repairing electronic items are one of the services they provide for engineers.
  • Radiologist Assistant-Radiology assistants assist radiologists due to their extensive knowledge about rays, devices, and also, emissions.
  • Radiation Oncologist Assistant – As they have a lot of experience dealing with radiation waves, also, they can work with radiologists to treat cancer.
  • Statistician- Statistical data is collected and managed by them so that clients can receive the correct information.

BSc Physics Salary

Job description


Content developer

2.42 LPA

Lab supervisor


Radiologist assistant



4.5 LPA

Senior physicist




Radiation oncologist

10 LPA

Consulting physicist


Research associate

3.5 LPA

High school teacher

4.86 LPA

BSc Physics Top Recruiters in India

Public and private sector employers hire graduates. Government recruiters include:

  • Indian Space Research Organisation
  • Defense Research and Development Organisation
  • Also, the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)
  • Moreover, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad
  • And also, the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata
  • Also, Bhabha atomic research center
  • Moreover, the Nuclear science center

Masters Physics Courses

Obtaining a Master’s degree in Physics in India requires two years of postgraduate study. Moreover, candidates must have a minimum of 50% marks in their bachelor’s degree (preferably a bachelor’s degree in physics) from an accredited university to qualify for the MSc Physics program.

Admission into top colleges offering MSc Physics, like Hindu College, Hansraj University, also, Fergusson University, Ramjas University, etc., is based on entrance exams.

Admissions to MSc Physics are available through DUET, JNUEE, IPU CET, OUCET, BITSAT, and also, BHU PET.

There are ten different domains of Physics covered in this course, including quantum mechanics, astrophysics, optics, and also, nuclear physics.

To pursue MSc Physics distance learning from colleges like Annamalai University, Alagappa University, also, Madurai Kamaraj University, etc within a maximum of 5 years, you’ll need to choose one of the listed schools.

Studying a course from a distance requires the same qualifications as studying the course in person. Also, the admission process is merit-based, however. Moreover, it costs INR 12,000 – 60,000 to pursue a Master’s degree in Physics via distance education

  • MSc Physics Subjects: quantum mechanics, classical mechanics, astrophysics, optics, spectroscopy, nuclear physics, also, electronics, etc.
  • Average Fees: INR 20,000 to INR 2,50,000
  • Moreover, average Salary: INR 4.5 to 10 LPA
  • MSc Physics Jobs: Junior Research Fellow, Research Scientist, Medical Physicist, Radiation Physicist, also, Research Associate, etc
  • Top Recruiters: Maruti Udyog, TATA motors, Indian Institute of Patent and Trademark, Tech Mahindra, Infosys, Wipro, also, CTS, etc
  • And also, MSc Physics Scope: MPhil/PhD

MSc Physics Eligibility Criteria in India

In this section, we discuss the criteria for admission to the MSc in physics:

  • The minimum number of years of study required for the program is 10+2+3 years.
  • Many universities require that a candidate hold a BSc in physics with an honors degree with at least 50% marks in their graduation, but some very good universities require 55%.
  • There are, however, some universities that accept candidates with BSc degrees in electronics, mathematics, and also, engineering.
  • To be accepted into Delhi University, candidates need to score at least 60%.

Aside from the above criteria, there are also university-specific eligibility requirements such as age limits and also, caste-based requirements.

MSc Physics Admission Process in India

A student’s entrance test scores are used in the admission system at most of the top MSc physics colleges such as Hindu College, Miranda House, also, Hansraj College, among others. Also, any candidate interested in applying to MSc physics admissions in 2021 should follow these basic steps:

The application for the course is as follows:

Applying for a physics course through an application portal of the university is the first step in getting into an MSc degree program.

University applications often combine both the entrance exam and also, course application.

For universities such as JNU, entrance exams are administered by NTA, so candidates will also have to apply through the NTA website.

The entrance exam is:

Most top universities require applicants to take entrance exams. Moreover, the entrance examination for the MSc physics program is required for all applicants.

University entrance examinations such as those run by DU, JNU, and BHU are common, while other schools such as all the colleges run their entrance exams.

Counseling and merit lists:

A list of selected candidates is released by universities after entrance examination results are announced. Moreover, updates in this matter must be checked regularly on the university website.

Enrollment and interview:

A candidate must appear for an interview as the final step in the admissions process. Moreover, it will depend on the interviewer’s policies whether subject-based questions will be asked to the candidates.

A candidate must also present any original transcripts and other important documents necessary to substantiate his eligibility at this stage.

MSc Physics Top Colleges in India

Name of the college

Annual fees on average

Hindu College


Miranda House


Hansraj College


Fergusson College


Ramjas College,


Sri Venkateswara College


The Oxford College of Science


Christ University


Chandigarh University


St. Xavier’s College


MSc Physics Distance Education in India

Indian students often pursue distance education courses in MSc Physics. Moreover, students can pursue this course once they have completed their regular bachelor’s degree in science with a minimum of 50% marks from any recognized university.

Distance education in physics requires the following requirements:

  • Distance learning courses usually last 2 years at the minimum and also, 5 years at the maximum.
  • Moreover, students who are accepted into distance education programs for MSc Physics are typically selected largely based on their performance in graduation.
  • Also, average tuition fees are between 12,000 and 60,000 rupees per year for this course.

A few of the colleges offering distance learning programs in MSc Physics are listed below.

Name of the college

Fees (INR) charged on an average annually

Annamalai university


Alagappa university


Madurai Kamaraj university


MSc Physics Jobs and Scope in India

MSc Physics graduates with a thorough understanding of concepts in Physics can find employment both in government and also, private sectors. Researchers, information technology professionals, automobile manufacturers, and also, government-owned SROs offer career opportunities.

Physicists’ jobs are projected to increase by 10% from 2012 through 2022, also, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Moreover, these professionals may also choose to become teachers.

Moreover, MSc Physics students can find employment with some of the following private companies:

  • Maruti Udyog
  • Tech Mahindra
  • Also, Infosys
  • Moreover, Wipro
  • Also, CTS

The following organizations recruit for the Government sector:

  • Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
  • Moreover, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
  • Also, National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)
  • In addition, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

The following companies are posting Various MSc Physics Jobs & their descriptions:

Profile of the position

Description of the job

Salary on average

Research Fellow

Taking on the role of a university professor requires a Junior research fellowship. Also, senior research fellows are promoted if the work of junior research fellows is satisfactory.


Research Scientist

Physicists hire research scientists to carry out research and design experiments that contribute to the advancement of knowledge in said fields.

10 LPA

Medical Physicists

Physicists assist in the development of equipment and techniques that medical professionals can use in the diagnosis and also, treatment of patients.

6.5 LPA

Radiation Physicist

Also, the primary job of a radiation physicist is to make sure that radiation-using medical devices operate smoothly.


Research Associate

Researchers in these facilities carry out research and contribute to an ongoing research program.


In both the industry and research sectors, MSc Physics graduates are in high demand. As a result, this course will have a huge future potential. Moreover, physicists are in such high demand these days that salary trends for graduates of physics programs remain extremely optimistic.

Analysts in Hyderabad earned almost a quarter of a million dollars more than their counterparts in other cities. Moreover, job seekers can, however, expect the best salaries in the IT sector. This sector plays an average salary of 3 lakhs to 7 lakhs for entry-level candidates, and also, it grows by 30% every year.

Ph.D. Physics Courses

Physics Ph.D. programs offer three years of full-time research which provides the opportunity for students to develop their research skills as well as their specialist knowledge.

Research-based courses are a part of the Ph.D. Physics program. Among the subjects covered in this course are quantum optics and also, laser physics, matter physics, solid-state physics, materials science, high energy physics, nonlinear optics, and also, electronic science.

Applicants for Ph.D. Physics courses must possess a Bachelor’s degree, also, an M.Phil. degree, or an MSc degree in Physics or Material Science with a 60% average. Besides merit, CSIR/UGC-JRF and also, CSIR/UGC entrance exams are also used for Ph.D. Physics admissions, as well as JEST and GATE.

  • The Ph.D.  physics program prepares students for research, teaches subject matter experts in a wide variety of fields, and also, opens up career opportunities in many fields.
  • You will study advanced topics in Physics and be specialized in disciplines such as Atomic and Condensed Matter Physics, Laser Physics, and also, Particle Physics, among others.
  • UGC norms do not recognize part-time degrees for Ph.D. Physics as a full-time degree cannot be pursued. Moreover, the guidelines for obtaining a distance degree through IGNOU must be followed carefully.
  • For students seeking physics-related careers, also, the Ph.D. program lasts for three years.
  • Graduates can find employment in the educational, pharmaceutical, healthcare, and also, research sectors after completing a Ph.D. Physics.
  • The skills required for pursuing a Ph.D. include good research conducting abilities, collaboration skills, also, analytical skills, etc.
  • Also, an academic or corporate Ph.D. in Physics will allow you to research both sectors.
  • By taking this course, students will greatly improve their knowledge of natural laws in optics, classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, electricity, magnetism, astronomy, astrophysics, also, biomedical physics, etc.

Details of Physics Courses For Doctoral Degree

Level of the course

Degrees in doctorate

Completed Form

Doctorate of Philosophy in Physics


3 years

Type of Exam

System of Semesters



Process of Admission

Merit-based and entrance-based admissions

The cost of the course

From INR 2,000 to INR 6 lakhs

Packages for placements on average

2 to 20 LPA in Indian rupees

Top Recruiters

CSIR-National Physical Laboratory of India, ITM Group of Institutes, Amity University, Manipal University, Physical Research Laboratory. Solid State Physics Laboratory, IISC Bangalore, IIIT Hyderabad, UBS, Amazon, Indian Institute of Science, also, Physical Research Laboratory PRL Thaltej Campus, etc

Job Positions

Researcher, Scientist, Physicist, Lecturer & Professor, Author & Writer, Journalist, Editor & Critic, and also, Human Services Worker. Independent Consultant, Philosophical Journalist, Industrial R&D Lab professionals, also, Senior Research Scientist, etc.

Some of the top colleges offering full-time Ph.D. Physics courses in India include Loyola College, Christ University, Chandigarh University, Fergusson College, Jadavpur University, and also, IIT Kanpur. Also, an average annual fee for a full-time course is around INR 2,000 to 5 lakhs

Nevertheless, Ph.D. distance education will not be recognized anymore by the UGC, IGNOU’s Ph.D. will remain valid. Also, distance Ph.D. Moreover, physics programs typically charge between INR 15,000 and 20,000 per year.

Ph.D. for Physics Courses Colleges with Ranking, Fees, Placements

The Ph.D. The physics program is offered by numerous colleges and also, universities in India. Moreover, THE ranking includes the following colleges:




Fees per year

Packages for placements on average


Indian Institute of Science


INR 35,200



Indian Institute of Technology


INR 73,000

INR 20.34 LPA


Indian Institute of Technology


INR 64,050



Indian Institute of Technology


INR 19,670



Birla Institute of Technology and Science


INR 1,10, 125


Physics is one of the most popular graduate courses for research aspirants today because it is one of the best professional degrees. Each year, physics students enroll in large numbers in both Ph.D. courses and also, undergraduate courses.

After completing a Ph.D. Physics degree, you have plenty of career options in and physics professors, physicists, biophysicists, and natural scientists are among the top job types Researcher, Subject Matter Expert, Nanotechnologist, Manager of the Natural Sciences, also, Petroleum Engineers, etc.

It is estimated that, for a Ph.D. Physics graduate, the average salary can be around INR 2 LPA – 20 LPA in various sectors, such as education, research, labs, healthcare, medicine, pharmaceuticals, electronic manufacturing, also, marketing, etc.

Ph.D. Physics Admission Process

Ph.D. Physics courses are admitted based on entrance tests such as CSIR/UGC’s JRF and CSIR/UGC’s JEST/GATE, etc. Also, a personal interview will be conducted with the qualified candidates.

Additionally, some institutions offer direct admission to students based on merit with a minimum requirement of a Bachelor’s Degree with 60% aggregate marks.

During the application process for Ph.D. admissions to Physics programs, please keep the following steps in mind:

  • Step 1: Apply online for the college by entering your name, your mobile number, also, your e-mail address, etc.
  • Step 2: The generated credentials must be used to log in. Also, to apply online, you will need to provide information such as Gender, Address, Subject, Marks, etc.
  • Step 3: Scan the required documents, such as a photograph, a signature, a mark sheet, and also, certificates. Moreover, the format and size of the scanned copies must match what is requested.
  • Step 4: The college will specify the fee for your application. Moreover, following the successful payment, the candidate will receive a confirmation of registration.
  • Step 5: The application form should be downloaded and also, saved for future reference.

Ph.D. Physics Eligibility

A Ph.D. in physics must meet the following eligibility requirements:

  • The Ph.D. The physics program requires applicants to have a minimum score of 60% aggregate on their Bachelor’s degree, also, M.Phil degree, or M.Sc degree in Physics or Materials Science.
  • Moreover, 60 percent aggregate or equivalent CGPA (45 percent or equivalent CGPA for SC/ST).
  • There are various entrance exams that colleges conduct, such as the CSIR/UGC-JRF, the CSIR/UGC, JEST, etc, followed by personal interviews for admission.

Ph.D. Physics Entrance Exams

There are several Ph.D. entrance tests in Physics:

  • For Ph.D. admission to various institutes, and also,  the CSIR UGC NET 2020 is an entrance examination conducted by NTA in June.
  • UGC NET 2020: The UGC NET test is intended for Junior Research Fellowships and also, Assistant Professorships offered after July for Ph.D. admissions.
  • GATE 2020: Known as GATE, the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) tests understanding of a variety of undergraduate engineering and also, science subjects at the national level. Also, for admission to various IITs and NITs, it will be conducted in February 2020.
  • IIT JAM 2020: Every year, the IITs conduct an online test called IIT JAM for admission to a number of their institutes. Moreover, this year, it was held on February 9, 2020.
  • JEST 2020: Institutes such as IISc, IISERs, NISER, and also, others jointly conduct the Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST). Also, at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), the exam for entering Ph.D. and Integrated Ph.D. courses is given at participating institutes.

Below are some details about my Ph.D. Physics Entrance Exams and some important dates.

Name of the exam

Organizing Body

Dates for applying

Date of the exam

Examination Mode


NTA (National Testing Agency)

March 16 – June 30, 2020

Announced soon

Accessed online

UGC NET 2020

National Testing Agency (NTA)

March 16 – June 30, 2020

Announced soon

Accessed online

GATE 2021

Jointly by 7 IITs & IISc

11 September – 14 October 2020

6, 7, 13, 14 February 2021

Accessed online

IIT JAM 2020

Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur

10 September – 15 October 2020

14 February 2021

Accessed online

JEST 2020


11 January – 14 February 2021

11 April 2021

In offline mode

To perform better on Ph.D. entrance exams, you should consider the following tips:

  • Among the most comprehensive examinations for research, and also, opportunities are Ph.D. entrance exams. Also, for thorough preparation, candidates should calculate how many days and hours are required.
  • The study of engineering, science, and also, mathematics is crucial. Moreover, the candidate must manage the time according to each subject and topic. Also, questions will be asked about quantitative ability, general ability, engineering, also, statistics, etc.
  • Candidates should practice answering sample questions and also, take several mock tests to get a feel for the exam pattern. Also, candidates will then have a better understanding of the exam pattern, which will save them a great deal of time during the examination.
  • To score 100 points overall, candidates must respond to 65 questions in approximately 3 hours. Moreover, it is recommended that candidates practice shortcuts for mathematics questions, which will allow them to revise faster.
  • Look through books available for Math, General Aptitude, and also, engineering to get a sense of questions from previous years.


What is the course in physics?

There is a Greek name for every modern science. Moreover, Physik, translated as knowledge of nature, is the word for this in physics. The fundamental study of physics is to examine nature, as it truly is – matter, its behavior and also, motion, energy types, time and space, and their interactions and actions. Before the Enlightenment, it was inextricably linked to chemistry and biology, as well as natural philosophy, but now is regarded as a major force in its own right.

Science is the study of how our world and the universe behave and also, why things happen the way they do. Also, there seem to be new physics discoveries every time, and every time these discoveries pose more questions than they answer and also, lead to new areas of study. In the same way, as chemistry has impacted environmental sciences, it overlaps with many other sciences today. Moreover, the theoretical framework it provides for the physical sciences enables them to form their assumptions and models based on these frameworks.

Physics is/has:

  • Including distance from Earth to other stars within a field of view and other galaxies outside our solar system, also, we calculated the distance.
  • Determined how long we can reasonably expect our sun to keep burning and also, calculated its age
  • Creating new alloys and polymers that are vital to the creation of new technologies that we all use daily, including solar panel technology, wind turbines, and also, engineering design
  • Scientists who are responsible for all the advancements in nuclear physics, nuclear medicine, and also, nuclear power that have enabled us to treat such things as cancer with nuclear weapons

What is the scope of Physics?

From the smallest atom to the vast universe, also, physics explains natural phenomena based on some basic assumptions. A virtual complexity lost in nature exhibits symmetry and also, simplicity. Also, the field of physics can be both challenging and exciting. In addition, the field of physics can therefore be seen to have a wide range. Moreover, there are two basic parts of its study.

  1. Macroscopic Effect Field
  1. And also, Microscopic Effect Field
  1. Macroscopic Effect Field

Macro physics applies to phenomena in the laboratory, on earth, and also, in space, which is interpreted within the framework of classical physics.

Classical Physics

It is a branch with simple concepts. Therefore, many natural phenomena can be explained by classical physics, but not all of them. Moreover, the branches of classical physics are as follows.

  1. Mechanics

In mechanical sciences, motion and also, gravity laws are outlined by Newton. Moreover, these rules provide the basis for the study of particle and solid motion; rocket propulsion, water wave transmission, sound wave transmission in air, and also, bending rods in response to load.

Our study of mechanics is based on the three laws of matter (solid, liquid, and also, gas).

  1. Electrodynamics

Applied electrodynamics is the study of charges and also, magnets. Other topics include magnetic field generation, conductivity and also, moving charged particles; electromagnetic induction, and also, alternating current circuits.

Electricity is governed by four laws enunciated by Coulom, Faraday, Ampere, and also, Gauss, which were confirmed by Einstein with four equations.

  1. Optics

The study of optics examines devices and also, phenomena related to light. Also, a lot is studied in this course, such as reflections, refractions, interference, diffraction, polarization, etc. And also, the functions of optical instruments like telescopes and microscopes.

A study of optics may include observing a rainbow, also, watching a film form on a thin layer of fluid, or even examining telescopes and microscopes.

  1. Thermodynamics

A thermodynamic analogy would be the thermal equilibrium of bodies, their causal rules, heat flow, heat work conversion, as well as the change in internal energy, heat, and also, entropy due to heat transfer. As part of thermodynamics, we’ll also explain how heat engines work and also, how refrigerants work.

  1. Oscillation and waves

Various objects are studied in this branch, as well as the transmission of disturbances caused by vibrating objects. The study of this branch is the only way we can understand how our voice moves and also, what the characteristics of speech and music are?

  1. Microscopic Effect Field

Microscopically studying atomic, molecular, and also, nuclear phenomena are of great interest. Moreover, the quantum theory underpinning modern physics is used to interpret them.

Modern Physics

A new concept led to the development of modern physics. Moreover, physicists have to deal with complex concepts in this subject. Also, all experimental facts can be explained by this physics. Also, physicists divide modern physics into ten main branches, including:

  1. Atomic Physics

In addition to the above, Under it, the atomic structure and properties of an atom are studied.

  1. Molecule quantum mechanics

Molecule structure, radium absorption, also, excitation, etc. are studied under this category.

  1. Nuclear physics

Nuclei are studied in terms of their properties, structures, reactions, and also, applications.

  1. Solid state physics

It studies and uses the properties of crystalline materials, semiconductors, and also, alloys.

  1. High energy physics

It provides an understanding of the finite forms and properties of matter, the fundamental particles of nature, and also, the interactions between them.

  1. Specific relativity

Special Einsteinian theories examine length contraction, speed dependence, also, time elongation, etc.

  1. General Theory of Relativity and Cosmology

Cosmology is the study of the origin and evolution of the universe, and a new interpretation of the theory of gravity, also, according to which the interaction between particles and space is not the interaction between gravitational particles.

  1. Plasma physics

Also, a matter’s fourth stage (plasma) is where it is studied.

  1. Space physics

Moreover, space-related subjects are studied under it.

  1. Electronics

This involves studying and applying semiconductors and electronics. Moreover, the following branches are also included

  1. Star Physics
  1. Also, Biology
  1. And also, Chemical Physics
  1. Moreover, engineering Physics
  1. Also, Geophysics
  1. Moreover, medical Physics
  1. In addition, Ocean Physics
  1. Also, Environmental Physics
  1. And also, Environmental Physics
  1. Moreover, mathematical Physics, etc.

As we can see, physics has a wide range of applications.

Who are the top recruiters of the Physics Course?

Public and also, private-sector employers hire graduates. Also, the top recruiters in the public sector are:

  • Indian Space Research Organisation
  • Moreover, the defense Research and Development Organisation?
  • In addition, the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)
  • Also, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad
  • And also, the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata
  • Moreover, Bhabha atomic research center
  • Also, the Nuclear science center

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List of Universities offering Physics