Liberal Arts: Meaning, Types, Scope, Courses, Jobs & More (2021)

A liberal arts degree provides a solid foundation in a variety of subjects. Liberal arts students will be exposed to a wide range of ideas and subjects, from art to science and math. Moreover, liberal arts degree gives broad knowledge and practical skills that may be used to a variety of careers. History, literature, writing, philosophy, sociology, psychology, creative arts, and other subjects are covered in a liberal arts degree.  However, A liberal arts degree teaches students how to create persuasive arguments, communicate effectively, and solve issues. A liberal arts degree might help you demonstrate to companies that you have the abilities to be an asset in a variety of professions.

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More importantly, liberal arts is a wide word that can refer to a variety of subjects ranging from theatre to economics. The following are some of the most popular majors:

  • English
  • Communications
  • History
  • Psychology
  • Mathematics

These topics, as a discipline, are designed to provide you with broad knowledge, the capacity to think critically, and the ability to master any subject – rather than the specialised abilities required for a technical job. Furthermore, liberal arts degrees, on the other hand, enhance your research, writing, and critical thinking abilities, preparing you for a wide range of jobs.

When it comes to what you can accomplish with a liberal arts degree, the benefits go well beyond the precise topic knowledge you’ll get. Particularly, liberal arts majors have a wide range of career options when it comes to entering the job market, including several in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) and business.

Structure of Liberal Arts Program

A liberal arts curriculum is usually divided into three sections: major, minor, and foundation.

A major is the area of study in which a student concentrates over his or her academic career.

Majors can be either pure (Computer Science, English, History, Biology, and so on) or interdisciplinary (Computer Science, English, History, Biology, and so on) (Politics, Philosophy & Economics; Computer Science & Entrepreneurial Leadership; English & Creative Writing; Politics & Society; History & International Relations; English & Media Studies).

A Minor is a set of courses that is taken in addition to the Major.

When it comes to minor subjects, there are a few options:

  • Performing Arts
  • Visual Arts
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Environmental studies
  • International Relations
  • Media Studies
  • Creative Writing

Foundation Courses are unique courses that teach students to a variety of thinking methods as well as inter-and transdisciplinary approaches.

Among the options are:

  • Environmental Studies
  • Great Books
  • Indian Civilization
  • Introduction to Mathematical Thinking
  • Literature & the World
  • Mind & Behaviour
  • Principles of Science
  • Social & Political Formations

With the important skills and information you gain during your Liberal Arts degree programme, you will be one step closer to choosing a profession that you love. As you study an eclectic combination of your favourite disciplines during your course, it dispels a lot of worries.

What is Liberal Arts?

In Western higher education, liberal arts education is the conventional academic programme. The term “art” is used in the liberal arts to refer to an acquired talent rather than the fine arts. Furthermore, studies in a liberal arts degree programme or a university education in general might be referred to as liberal arts education. This is in contrast to programmes that are primarily vocational, professional, or technical. Many areas currently come under the wide definition of liberal arts; a typical liberal arts degree programme is multidisciplinary, encompassing themes from the humanities as well as the social, natural, and formal sciences.  Moreover, there are variations in the disciplines included in liberal arts degree programmes at various universities.

The list of Liberal Arts disciplines is extensive, but here are a few of the most popular:

  • History
  • Psychology
  • Statistics
  • Anthropology
  • Biology

Despite being more concentrated than a standard Liberal Arts degree, many programmes maintain an integrative approach. History students, for example, could take coursework in Anthropology, Cultural Studies, and other relevant subjects.

History of Liberal Arts      

The “liberal arts” were initially those disciplines thought necessary for effective involvement in public life by the Ancient Greeks. The basic liberal arts were arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy, with arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy having a secondary, if significant, role. Besides, this paradigm influenced early European colleges (albeit the grammar taught was Latin, not Greek), and by the end of the Renaissance, Greek grammar, history, moral philosophy, and poetry had been added to this core.

Even as specialisation at the undergraduate level became more popular in some countries from the 19th century onwards, some vestiges of the idea of the liberal arts persisted: competence in Latin and Greek was a requirement for matriculation of all students at some elite universities well into the second half of the twentieth century (e.g. Oxford and Cambridge).

Moreover, it’s important to distinguish between a liberal arts education and a liberal arts discipline education. Most liberal arts definitions include philosophy as a discipline.  However, the intensive and exclusive study of philosophy offered at the Bachelor’s level at some UK universities would not normally be considered a liberal arts education: the latter would usually require extensive study beyond a single discipline.

Types of Liberal Arts

Higher education in the arts has existed for centuries, even before more technical areas such as engineering and information technology were developed. There are two forms of education in the arts disciplines: fine arts and liberal arts. History, political science, philosophy, sociology, and anthropology are examples of liberal arts courses that deal with arts as an acquired ability in the humanities and social sciences.

Since ancient times, India has established a number of liberal arts fields, aided by connections with worldly intellectuals such as Marco Polo, Albiruni, Fa-Hien, and Francois Bernier, who helped to bring diverse civilizations together. With increased financing for study into its different fields, India’s liberal arts reach has broadened in the contemporary age.

Following are some of the types of liberal arts:

Sociology/Social Studies Major 

In India, sociology undergraduate programmes require a minimum prerequisite of graduating Grade 12 with main humanities subjects or an equivalent certification. It is preferable to include sociology as a topic in 10+2. Some of the entrance examinations that give admission to the following universities are the Flame University Aptitude Test (FEAT), Shiv Nadar University Entrance Exam (SNUEE), Ashoka Aptitude Test (AAT), and Krea Immersive Case (KIC).

Philosophy Major

This programme, which is one of India’s most sought-after liberal arts education courses, needs applicants to have completed Grade 12 or its equivalent, ideally with humanities subjects. When it comes to entrance examinations, Philosophy Major courses demand that students take particular entrance exams administered by different colleges. Krea University, Azim Premji University, and Karnavati University’s Unitedworld School of Liberal Arts and Mass Communication are among the institutions that provide some of the most comprehensive programmes.

History Major

Candidates for history as a major subject must have passed the Grade 12 level examinations with humanities topics, similar to the qualifying standards for other liberal arts programmes in India (including History). SNUEE, AAT, KIC, and the Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET) are some of the entrance examinations that students can take to get into Indian institutions that offer history degrees.

Political Science/Political Studies/International Studies

Applicants for political studies and international studies courses must have completed high school with humanities topics as a minimum requirement. It is better if you had political science as part of your secondary school curriculum. Despite the fact that there is no single national admission exam for political science degrees, each university has its own set of entrance exams.

Bachelor of Arts in Economics

The BA Economics courses offered in India differ from those offered in the United States. For the former, you must have completed at least Grade 12 or its equivalent in either Science, Humanities, or Commerce courses. Applicants for this programme attempt to pass the AAT, Jindal Scholastic Aptitude Test (JSAT), FEAT, and SET admission examinations.

Journalism and Mass Communication

Students who have either a science, business, or humanities stream in Grade 12 or its equivalent are eligible to apply for these courses since they are a wide topic that covers knowledge of numerous subjects and current events. Exams such as the Karnavati University Aptitude Test (KUAT), AAT, and JSAT are available to journalism students.


Counseling in the liberal arts can often point students in the direction of entrepreneurial classes. Because India promotes entrepreneurs in many fields, the qualifying criteria for these courses are quite broad. Applicants who have passed the Vijay Bhoomi Scholastic Aptitude Test (VSAT), SNUEE, KUAT, and FEAT have been further narrowed down.

Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)

A passing grade 12 certificate from any educational board and any track of high school study, whether it science, commerce, or humanities, are the minimal requirements for BBA courses. Written subject matter examinations, general aptitude tests, group discussion rounds, and even personal interviews are all part of the entrance exams for Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) degrees at Atria University.

Business Studies

In India, business studies are included in liberal arts programmes, and the minimal qualifying requirements are identical to those for other liberal arts courses. The qualifying criteria for this course can be satisfied by passing a Grade 12 examination or its equivalent.

Scope of Liberal Arts in India

The dynamics of schooling have shifted in the previous decade, and new professions have emerged. A situation like this has widened the scope of education. The three cliché fields (arts, commerce, and sciences) are giving way to a wide variety of specialised employment possibilities. Engineers, physicians, attorneys, accountants, managers, specialty officers, banking officers, and other qualified professionals are in high demand. Jobs, however, will become more reasoning-oriented in the future, according to business experts and study academics.

Liberal Arts is a popular multidisciplinary paradigm among many young and ambitious students throughout the world. This course has been offered to students at a number of prestigious international universities. The number of students enrolling in this programme has risen steadily throughout the years. The introduction of Liberal Arts courses in Indian universities and colleges would enable students to pursue a variety of professional options.

Experts Opinion

According to academic experts, a concentrated approach to Liberal Arts courses will aid Indian institutions in improving their worldwide rankings. The Liberal Arts degree gives great potential for fresh and untrodden professional pathways, since the millennial age is open to experimenting and going beyond standard employment options. The need of the hour is to introduce students to a course format that encourages interdisciplinary and experiential learning, which is precisely what a Liberal Arts course does. Students’ creativity and independent thinking are fostered in liberal arts courses, which prepare them for any scenario in the future.

Equity research, analytics, client service, marketing, relationship management, banking, consultancy, HR, e-commerce, and other positions have been filled by students who finished their liberal arts degree. Journalism, advertising, writing, research, NGOs, financial analysis, banking, and public relations are just a few of the careers/fields you may choose from if you’re searching for work straight after college.

Because of the transferable abilities that a liberal arts degree gives, you can pursue a variety of jobs in business, government, teaching, and healthcare. Some common majors and career options to consider are listed below.


With a communications degree, you can gain important skills for careers in journalism, public relations, advertising, and other fields. Coursework in public speaking and graphic design prepares you to make presentations, develop publications and reports, and communicate messages through digital media when you get to work.


English language and literature majors take classes in history, social science, and literary theory to prepare for careers as authors, historians, or museum curators. You can focus on storytelling in nonfiction, news, fiction, screenwriting, or poetry with a specialisation in creative writing or journalism. You can use this major to pursue careers in journalism, public relations, cinema, theatre, and advertising, to name a few.


Understanding the past is essential for organisations to comprehend major historical events and plan for the future. With a history degree, you can work as a curator, historical interpreter, or policy adviser, utilising your great research and analytical abilities. While history majors frequently work in politics, they are also suited for jobs in business, media, law, and education. A history degree might also help you prepare for law school.


A psychology degree concentrates on human behaviour and how to apply principles to social and organisational challenges that impact us all over the world. Human resources, market research, and social services are all possibilities.


Sociology coursework, which focuses on social behaviour and how people behave in groups, encompasses history, religion, geography, and social science research, to mention a few topics. You will develop a grasp of society’s historical, economic, and political concerns as well as how individuals may collaborate to address difficulties in this sector. Jobs in social services, criminal justice, and public health are available to sociology majors.

Eligibility Criteria for Liberal Arts in India

The standards for admission to the liberal arts are fairly similar to those of many other disciplines. If you satisfy the prerequisites, you may get admitted to some of India’s most prestigious institutions and universities. The qualifying requirements for undergraduate and postgraduate programmes are outlined here.

Eligibility Criteria UG Courses

After completing their 10+2 in any stream, candidates can study Liberal Arts. A number of higher education institutions offer Liberal Arts degrees at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. The following are some of the most important components of the application procedure.

  • Candidates must have received a minimum of 50% in aggregate in 10+2 from a recognised board in any field.
  • Students should be conversant with the social and natural sciences.
  • Candidates must take the entrance test in order to be considered for admission.

Eligibility Criteria PG Courses

Those interested in a career in the Liberal Arts can apply to a variety of colleges and universities. The following are some essential elements to consider while determining whether or not you are eligible for a postgraduate degree.

  • Applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree in Liberal Arts from a recognised university to pursue a master’s degree in Liberal Arts.
  • Candidates must also achieve the percentage requirement set by their institution or college.
  • Candidates must take an admission exam in order to be accepted.

Liberal Arts Entrance Exams

Aside from academic grades, the standardised (entrance) exam result is another crucial component of the application. The SAT or ACT are accepted by most liberal arts institutions, although some have their own aptitude test. This information is accessible on the college’s entrance procedure website.

Because the admissions review panel takes these scores extremely seriously, it is recommended that a student begin preparing for them well in advance in order to get the best results.

Following are some of the entrance exams for Liberal Arts:

FLAME Entrance Aptitude Test:

The FLAME Entrance Aptitude Test (FEAT) is administered by FLAME for a number of programmes, including the Diploma in Liberal Education and the BBA or BA. The B.A. degree might be in Economics, Psychology, Literary & Cultural Studies, International Studies, or Math, whereas the BBA degree can be in Business Administration.


The Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET) is held by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for admission to different undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctorate programmes at Delhi University in the arts, business, law, engineering, sciences, and education.

JMI Entrance Exam: 

The JMI entrance exam is used to evaluate applicants for admission to a range of undergraduate, doctorate, diploma, advanced diploma, and postgraduate programmes at Jamia Millia Islamia University.

Jadavpur University Entrance Examination:

The Jadavpur University Entrance Test is used to gain admission to undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctorate programmes in the arts, social sciences, business, law, engineering, sciences, and education at Jadavpur University and associated colleges.

Top Liberal Arts Courses in India

Liberal arts programmes are set to transform India’s higher education system. Liberal Arts classes, according to educators, will develop a new generation of young people who are more confident, competent, and capable of dealing with life’s problems. A bachelor’s degree in liberal arts is often a three-year curriculum that permits students to specialise in a variety of areas. Psychology, Philosophy, Business Studies, Marketing Journalism, Advertising & Public Relations, Economics, Political Science, English Literature, and Finance are some of the most popular Liberal Arts majors.

Students can also opt to upgrade their skills with a one-year diploma or a two-year post-graduation course. During the first year of the course, students are often taught a variety of disciplines in order to offer a wide and relevant understanding of a variety of issues. It also assists students in identifying their areas of interest for subsequent study. Soft skills such as communication, creativity, and critical thinking are heavily emphasised in liberal arts degrees. Unlike measurable hard skills like engineering or statistics, a liberal arts degree equips you holistically in both a practical and theoretical sense. Rather than focusing on a single set of abilities, this degree teaches you how to think and assists you in acquiring larger views So that you may collectively learn about human people and their thinking, the physical world, and the natural principles that govern it.

The Liberal Arts curriculum assists students in developing abilities, broadening their perspectives. And preparing them to face life’s problems in a balanced and responsible manner. This course is meant to assist students to improve their overall abilities. Such as oral and written communication, critical thinking, and problem-solving.

Top Liberal Arts Courses for Bachelors in India

B A.

Liberal Arts, while being a non-traditional curriculum, has quickly become one of India’s most popular courses. One of the main reasons why Liberal arts is so popular these days is the vast range of employment opportunities it provides. The curriculum focuses on applicants’ overall personality and life skills development, which will help them excel in their jobs.

Another benefit of the Liberal Arts curriculum is that it covers history, literature, writing, philosophy, sociology, psychology, and the creative arts, among other subjects.

Various universities and institutions are now offering a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Liberal Arts programme, which is gaining popularity. Students who pursue a BA in Liberal Arts are regarded as all-rounders since they have studied a variety of disciplines rather than focusing on one. Students can take a humanities course in addition to mathematics if they want. Alternatively, a student might pursue their passions in History and Economics.

Following are some of the popular options a Liberal Arts graduate can focus their career into: Advertising, Public Relations, Financial Analysis, Design Journalism, Publishing Corporate, Communications, Marketing Copywriter, Psychology, Social Work, etc.

Eight semesters make up the BA Liberal Arts academic structure. A bachelor’s degree in liberal arts usually lasts four years.

The following courses are offered over the course of four years:

  • Courses for Beginners – 2 (Per Semester)
  • Course with Open Electives – 1 (Per Semester)
  • Core Courses – 3 (Per Semester)
  • Discipline Centric Elective Courses – 4 (Semester V) and 3 (Semester VI)

List of Top BA in Liberal Arts Colleges in India

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off
Delhi University Delhi University 89%
Amity University, Noida the Association of Indian Universities (AIU) 80%
JNU – Jawaharlal Nehru University UGC NA
BHU – Banaras Hindu University UGC NA
Christ University Catholic Church NA

Admission Criteria for B.Com. (Hons):

Before a student may apply for admission to a BA Liberal Arts programme, he or she must meet the university’s or college’s eligibility requirements. The qualifying criteria for BA Liberal Arts may vary from institution to university; nevertheless, the following are the fundamental eligibility criteria:

  • The candidate must have completed his or her class 12 with a recognised board.
  • The candidate must have received a minimum of 60% in class 12 to be considered.
  • Universities typically administer entrance examinations to candidates seeking admission to Liberal Arts programmes in order to assess their abilities, skills, and overall knowledge.

BA Liberal Arts Admission Process

Choose a University/College: The first step for an applicant is to look for a college or university that offers a BA Liberal Arts programme. Check the fees, the seats available, and the qualifying conditions for the course.

Apply for a Course: Once a candidate has found an institution that offers a BA Liberal Arts programme, the aspirant can apply for admission to the university. Fill out the application form with the needed information and pay the application cost. Students must keep in mind that an application window is only open for a short period of time.

Take an Entrance Exam: Universities and colleges hold entrance tests for BA Liberal Arts admission. Students will be evaluated on their overall talents, knowledge, skills, and awareness. Candidates will be assessed on their performance in class 12 in addition to the admission exam, and will most likely be required to attend an interview or group discussion (GD) round.

Those who make the merit list will be invited to complete the admission processes. To be eligible for admission, the student must achieve the necessary rank and percentage.

Types of Jobs after B.Com. (Hons):

Liberal arts students can pursue a variety of occupations, ranging from teaching to social service. The following are some of the most popular professional choices chosen by liberal arts students: Liberal arts students can pursue a variety of occupations, ranging from teaching to social service. The following are some of the most popular professional choices chosen by liberal arts students:


As one of the most challenging areas of the twenty-first century, business is a popular choice among liberal arts students. They can work in retail or operations, or as business development or project managers, or they can move into entrepreneurship and start their own company. They’re also great salespeople because of their people abilities and education.


Earning a master’s degree in economics or commerce might help you break into the financial sector as a financial analyst, accountant, or investment banker.

Writing is one of those abilities that everyone admires. Liberal arts students produce extensive theses and a slew of papers during their studies, honing their writing skills. Advertising, marketing, copywriting, journalism, editing, and public relations are all possible careers in this sector.

Liberal arts students thrive at communication, presentation, and critical thinking in the classroom. The education sector, which comprises researchers, instructors, professors, and experts in their chosen liberal arts subjects, is an excellent fit for such students.

Students can pursue careers in the performing arts, such as dance and theatre, as well as the visual arts, such as painting, photography, graphic design, and fashion design.


This is all the rage these days, and with global climate change a significant worry, environmental economists are in high demand. Social impact consultancy or environmental law and policy are two examples of jobs in these domains.

Social Service:

A significant proportion of liberal arts students pursue careers in social service. Careers include management of non-governmental organisations, politics, public policy, law, and social consulting, to mention a few.

Aside from these, liberal arts students can pursue any job that demands analytical, critical thinking, or problem-solving abilities. So, if you’re worried about how to find a job with a liberal arts degree, you now know that you have more alternatives than someone with a specialised degree. They also pay handsomely; a bachelor’s degree in liberal arts may earn you an average of $61,000 per year. You can make up to $150,000 with experience, and millions if you manage to start a successful business, as many liberal arts students do.

Top Liberal Arts Courses for Masters in India

The Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (ALM, MLA, MLS, or MALS) is a graduate degree in the liberal arts that seeks to give both depth and breadth of study. It’s an interdisciplinary programme by definition, bringing together coursework from a variety of disciplines such as behavioural sciences, humanities, natural sciences, and social sciences to teach students how to think critically and contextually about their own fields of study as well as a wide range of issues.

Many master’s in liberal arts programmes require students to do an internship, therefore students should investigate what resources and support services are available to assist them in finding an appropriate place. Some programmes demand a written thesis, while others need a final project. One of these options may appeal to you more than the other, depending on your future aspirations.

Students must prepare for the rigours of the admissions process and ensure that they follow all guidelines properly while applying to a master’s in liberal arts degree, as admittance is difficult. A bachelor’s degree, GRE scores, minimum GPAs, and letters of recommendation from reputable practitioners are often required by admissions panels.

Admissions to brick-and-mortar programmes are often easy; distance education admissions may require you to demonstrate time management abilities for working remotely. To increase their chances of acceptance, most experts recommend that students apply to four to eight schools.

M A. in Liberal Arts

Students who have completed a diploma in Liberal Studies can pursue a one-year Master of Arts (MA) in Liberal Studies. Moreover, the curriculum is extremely multidisciplinary, with coursework drawn from a wide range of fields, including the humanities, social sciences, behavioural sciences, and scientific sciences.

A Master of Arts in Liberal Studies is designed to teach students how to think critically about their fields of interest while also learning from other disciplines. It also seeks to assist individuals who desire to pursue graduate studies in establishing a foundation in their chosen discipline(s) and preparing their graduate application.

Students, in conjunction with their supervisors, choose their own curriculum and frequently opt to work on projects that span two or more fields.  However, the emphasis is on cultivating intellectual curiosity and developing research abilities.

Students must complete a research-intensive capstone project, which might be a standard Masters’ thesis or a creative project like a novel or a film, in addition to their coursework and assistantship.

Since 2015, MLS students have engaged on projects ranging from human-computer interaction to cognitive psychology, literary theory, macroeconomics, anthropology, gender studies, politics, sociology, and philosophy.

The politics of Zilla Parishads in Western Uttar Pradesh was one of their research subjects. Using email archives to better understand human memory and ageing The Exacerbation of Group Feelings, Religious Conversions and Law in India, The Psychological Impact of Communal Violence Haryana has seen a rise in female wrestling.

List of Top M.A. in Liberal Arts Colleges in India

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off/Merit Based
Symbiosis, Pune


 Symbiosis International NA
OP Jindal Global University


Ashoka University



Average Fees for M.A. in Liberal Arts : 9 Lakh

Admission Criteria for M.A. in Liberal Arts:

Option A – applicants must take the Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET), whereas Option B – candidates must take the Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT). Candidates must first fulfil the SSLA’s eligibility requirements. Candidates who meet the requirements must register and apply. However, candidates must sit for the SET test after completing the application procedure. Also, candidates that pass the SET will be invited to the PI WAT, which is the second phase of admission (Personal Interview and Writing Ability Test).

In addition, candidates must first apply online for admission to the Jindal School of Liberal Arts and Humanities’ Masters degree. Those who qualify will move on to the second stage, when they will be required to attend an interview or take the Jindal Scholastic Aptitude Test (JSAT). Candidates who pass round 2 will be given a preliminary admission offer.

Admission to Ashoka University’s MA in Liberal Arts is limited to alumni of the Young India Fellowship, which is a degree programme for students who have completed a diploma in Liberal Studies.

Types of Jobs after M.A. in Liberal Arts:

Equity research, analytics, client service, marketing, relationship management, banking, consultancy, HR, e-commerce, and other positions have been filled by students who finished their liberal arts degree. Journalism, advertising, writing, research, NGOs, financial analysis, banking, and public relations are just a few of the careers/fields you may choose from if you’re searching for work straight after college.

The world is your oyster if you major in Liberal Arts.

Average Placements after M.A. in Liberal Arts:

All of the biggest business companies in India go to liberal arts colleges, including:

  1. Deloitte
    2. BCG
    3. McKinsey & Company
    4. EY
    5. Bloomberg Quint
    6. Max Healthcare
    7. HDFC AMC
    8. TCS Consulting
    9. ITC Hotels
    10. Federal Bank

Ph.D. in Liberal Arts

PhD programmes in liberal arts are terminal, multidisciplinary research degrees. Doctoral degrees are also available in any of the specific topic areas covered by liberal arts and humanities departments. The latter concentrates on a particular topic (for example, philosophy) but considers information from a variety of sources in order to shed light on important topics.

Obtaining a Doctoral Degree may entail many major prerequisites, depending on the university. Liberal arts classrooms are often small in size and rely heavily on student-teacher interaction. Students learn critical thinking abilities as well as the capacity to communicate effectively vocally and in writing.

A Ph.D. degree in liberal arts, which integrates doctoral level studies in various disciplines, is an option for students who are interested in more than one subject of study. Most programmes demand the student to submit a curriculum plan and final dissertation proposal prior to admission since these programmes are tailored to the student’s specific interests. The proposed liberal arts degree plan must demonstrate that no existing degree programme satisfies the student’s interests, and that the project goes beyond the interdepartmental work that current programmes demand.

Most colleges have no defined course requirements, with the exception of maybe a graduate-level research methods course in a master’s or doctoral degree. A few programmes also require students to take a basic course in interdisciplinary studies as well as a pedagogy course to prepare them for teaching at the college level.

The following are some of the most prevalent liberal arts Ph.D. topic areas:

  • American research
  • Medical and biological sciences
  • Ethics
  • Neuroscience /Philosophy
  • Political science is a field of study that deals with

Many applicants to these schools have specific professional objectives in mind. However, because these objectives are unique to each degree, the jobs that follow are too numerous to mention, but may include positions in business, teaching, or social work. More important,  academic careers combining research and teaching at the college level are perhaps the most prevalent. The Ph.D. is the final degree in most liberal arts areas. University and professional groups, on the other hand, provide continuing education options in students’ fields of interest.

Colleges/Universities offering Ph.D. in Liberal Arts in India

College Name Affiliated University Eligibility
Ashoka University UGC Students having a master’s degree in history or a related subject and a grade point average of 55 percent or above are eligible to apply. Priority will be given to candidates who already have a research degree (such as an MPhil) or who have prior research experience.

Average Fees for Ph.D. in Liberal Arts:  The semester fee is Rs. 12,500 per semester.

Admission Criteria for Ph.D. in Liberal Arts:

Admission to the doctorate programme is open to holders of a master’s degree. Although a Masters in Philosophy (M.Phil) is required for some disciplines, a PhD is not always required. Candidates should be aware that at some Indian colleges, candidates must achieve a certain percentage (or similar CGPA) in order to be eligible to apply for a PhD programme.

Average Placements after PhD in Liberal Arts :

Liberal arts education is becoming increasingly popular in India. For a long time, academics and corporate leaders have preached the importance of liberal arts. The liberal arts career options are quite diverse, as are the job chances. The average package provided is between 3 and 5 lakhs, with the top package costing between 10 and 11 lakhs. This year, one of the students earned the biggest gift from Bank of America in the whole Delhi University, totalling 37.8 lakhs. More than 100 businesses have visited the school to recruit over 115 students for full-time employment, It includes McKinsey, BCG, Bloomberg, KPMG Embibe, Inmobi, and Mu Sigma.

What to do after PhD in Liberal Arts?

The Liberal Arts curriculum equips students with the skills they need to deal with change, variety, and complexity, preparing them to be problem solvers, critical thinkers, and responsible members of society. It provides you the freedom to create your own degree.

Journalism, public relations, writing, law, politics, linguistics, publishing, social work, psychology, management, public policy, civil service, marketing, and many other fields are available to you.

Liberal Arts Job Roles & Levels in India

College isn’t necessarily about preparing for a certain job. Some college degrees, such as a liberal arts degree, prepare students for a broader range of professional options and assist them in developing critical employment skills. Liberal arts programmes provide students with skills in leadership, teamwork, problem-solving. And project management, preparing them to be well-rounded individuals with a variety of professional possibilities.

Furthermore, a liberal arts degree is a humanities degree that focuses on the general study of art, literature, language, history, and philosophy. Although a liberal arts degree does not prepare or educate you for a specific sector. It does give you the basic abilities needed to thrive in a variety of occupations. Besides, in many situations, the abilities acquired through a liberal arts degree programme may help an organisation by allowing employers to fill available employment vacancies with applicants who have a diverse set of career skills. Liberal arts degrees frequently emphasise cultural understanding and ethics. Preparing students to be culturally sensitive and valuable members of any department.

The Liberal Arts programme help students develop skills, improves perspective and prepare them to deal with everyday challenges of life in a balanced and responsible manner. Moreover,  this course is designed to help students build all-round skills such as oral and writing skills, critical thinking skills and problem-solving skills. Most of the Liberal Arts colleges offer classroom learning combined with on-field training to help students improve the worldview, self-esteem and confidence.

Liberal Education:

Liberal education is a system in which you have the freedom to study your own subjects. You can choose your own major & minor areas of specialization. The course focuses not only on academic-oriented subjects but courses like photography, performing arts, film etc. are also given importance. Hence, Liberal Arts give you the flexibility to design your own degree according to your area of interest. This contributes to your overall development

Liberal arts degrees can prepare you for a variety of job paths. Here is a list of ten occupations available to liberal arts graduates:

Customer service representative

A customer service professional is in charge of making the client’s experience better. In this job, you will contact with consumers to process orders, resolve problems and complaints, and give any essential product or service information. Most companies require customer service professionals to help consumers with telephone or in-store orders.


An editor is in charge of proofreading and revising written material for publication, such as news stories, books, and blog entries. Editors can work for both print and online magazines. They play a crucial role in refining and establishing a brand’s voice, as well as ensuring that published materials are error-free. Many editors will also serve as team leaders, recruiting and training new writers, as well as aiding the team by presenting new ideas and addressing the public’s news or content demands.

Human resource specialist

Human resource professionals assist with all aspects of employee recruitment, hiring, training, and supervision in a business. Also, human resource experts have strong interpersonal skills that help them manage employee disputes and understand the organization’s hiring needs.

Advertising sales representative

Advertising sales agents work with businesses to meet their marketing objectives. Some advertising professionals offer firms ad space, either online or in print. Further,  others may collaborate with larger businesses to develop advertising strategies. Advertising representatives may work for small marketing businesses or for bigger corporations’ advertising and marketing teams.


A salesman educates potential customers on a product and utilises excellent communication and customer service skills to sell it. Salespeople have an essential role in boosting earnings in a variety of industries, including retail, restaurant, business, and real estate.

Training and Development specialist

Training and development professionals are in charge of assessing and enhancing an organization’s workforce. These experts use specific tactics and strategies to boost productivity and morale in the workplace.


A journalist examines, studies, and reports on local news to the public. Journalists create articles to educate and enlighten the public about current happenings in politics, business, and other fields. They may also serve as a watchdog, utilising investigation and research abilities to keep the government and others in positions of control responsible.

Director of Public relations

A director of public relations manages the reputation of an organization, implementing new public relations strategies for their clients. These professionals may build relationships with exterior publications to improve the brand’s image while also working to minimize negative media. Some of their responsibilities include coordinating photoshoots and interviews, serving as spokespeople and writing speeches and other materials.

 Management consultant

Management consultants are in charge of analysing and offering recommendations to enhance an organization’s management. Moreover, A management consultant will utilise a strong business and leadership experience to assess a company’s management needs. And, then execute training or recruiting recommendations to accomplish those business goals.

 Real estate agent

A real estate agent assists buyers and sellers in the acquisition and selling of homes by providing excellent customer service and sales abilities. Real estate brokers will also show prospective purchasers possible homes, advise sellers on how to increase the value of their homes, and organise buying and selling processes.

The corporate world is ever-changing. Liberal arts degree majors are often adaptable and well-adjusted, having the capacity to transfer various employment abilities from one job to another without more schooling. Job flexibility is essential for college students who do not yet know what career path they wish to take. After graduation, the abilities gained from a liberal arts degree will provide these students with a diverse range of professional options.

Frequently Asked Questions About Liberal Arts in India

Q1 What is a major in liberal arts?

A1.  A major is the area of study in which a student concentrates over his or her academic career.

Majors can be either pure (Computer Science, English, History, Biology, and so on) or interdisciplinary (Computer Science, English, History, Biology, and so on) (Politics, Philosophy & Economics; Computer Science & Entrepreneurial Leadership; English & Creative Writing; Politics & Society; History & International Relations; English & Media Studies). Moreover,  A liberal arts degree’s flexibility allows you to move on to a more specialised degree program–or you may use the communication, reasoning, and thinking abilities you’ve acquired to pursue a variety of jobs.

An Arts & Humanities degree in liberal arts major, like general studies, appeals to companies seeking for a generalist – someone who has demonstrated the capacity to think about a variety of topics and has not been educated to operate in a single mentality. Further,  from interior designers to clergy, everyone has to comprehend the world and society in order to be a productive citizen.  Further, the liberal arts improve your quality of life by encouraging you to explore your personal surroundings. As well as the global and historical cultures that complement and contrast them.

An online liberal arts degree programme, like a general studies or humanities degree programme. Offers such a broad range of topics and possibilities that you can certainly qualify for a number of more specialised degrees later on if you so want. Moreover, this area emphasises critical reasoning ability, excellent communication skills, and knowledge of connections across many fields of study. While some basic courses in defined disciplines, such as fine arts, social sciences, natural sciences, mathematics. And foreign languages, are obligatory, you typically have the choice to pick which classes you take within those core subjects.

Q.2. What do careers fall under liberal arts?

A.2. Students who have finished their liberal arts degree have taken on a variety of professions such as equities research, analytics, client services. Also, marketing, relationship management, banking, consulting, human resources, e-commerce, and so on. Journalism, advertising, writing, research, NGOs, financial analysis, banking. And public relations are just a few of the careers/fields that you can pursue immediately after college. More importantly,  graduates of liberal arts work with governments in their home nations. And in other countries to manage international affairs and embassies. However, they may also work in policy research and development. As a result, a career in liberal arts opens up a variety of opportunities in government and non-profit organisations for liberal arts graduates.

Hillel Neuer (Executive Director of United Nations Watch), Reid Cooper (founder of the NGO ABC). And others are well-known examples of politicians and individuals engaging in such activity.

Moreover, A degree in Liberal Arts allows you to pursue your passion, whether it be photography, commercial art, painting, interior, graphic, or visual design. Such artists are well compensated and make a lot of money based on their creative abilities. As a result, if you are interested in any of the aforementioned disciplines, you should seriously consider pursuing a career in liberal arts.

Carroll W. Westfall (Journal of the History of Ideas), George Magalios (practising painter, sculptor, photographer, and performance artist in Florida). And others are among the well-known artists who have studied liberal arts. Michael Eisner, the former Disney CEO, majored in English and drama at Denison University. And went on to have a successful career as a result of his liberal arts background.

Q.3. What is a liberal arts degree good for?

A.3. The major benefit of a liberal arts degree is that you gain knowledge and abilities in a variety of areas or professions rather than just one or two. It prepares you for a specialised graduate degree as well as job and a career in a variety of industries. Moreover, it also exposes you to a wide range of disciplines, allowing you to specialise in one or two. Studying a diverse range of courses makes you more flexible for a better job and teaches you how to live and work with people.

Moreover, a liberal arts degree allows you to pursue a variety of careers in education and academia (research, teaching). The arts (photography, commercial art, graphic design), business (entrepreneur, store manager, salesperson), marketing (advertising, copywriting, public relations), publishing (journalism, news editing), and political science (politics, public policy, law). Finance (banker, accountant, financial analyst), biology (research assistant, healthcare), the environment (law, policy), law (detective, police official), and social service are some more options (counselling, NGOs).

Importance of Liberal Arts

Furthermore, a liberal arts education teaches a variety of skills, including analytical and problem-solving abilities, research abilities. Also, oral and written communication abilities, reflective reading abilities, numerical abilities, time management abilities, leadership abilities. Adaptability, ethical decision-making abilities, self-confidence and self-awareness, foreign languages and cross-cultural abilities, and sensitivity to others.

According to Payscale, the average yearly income for someone with a bachelor’s degree in liberal education in the United States in 2018 was $61,000.

However, graduates may earn $61,000-$88,000 in roles ranging from marketing manager to human resources director, depending on the sector and level. The salary may vary by a few thousand dollars depending on the location of the posting.  Further, liberal arts graduates with postgraduate degrees that specialise in subjects and industries, on the other hand, receive significantly greater incomes. Liberal arts degrees, as at least a few graduates have discovered, do not always give expertise for certain vocations.

Moreover, they compelled to work in unrelated industries such as real estate or sales. A liberal arts degree, like any other degree, may or may not lead the road to your career success, but it will almost certainly decrease the typical gap between your major and employment in whichever area you end up in. In the end, a liberal arts degree from any institution may not make you the most desirable job prospect. You would be wise to research the employment market for your preferred major and make a decision based on your goals and circumstances.

Q.4. Which branch is best in liberal arts?

A.4. As far as recent trend is concerned, mass media and journalism is one of the best branches in liberal Arts. We are all connected in the twenty-first century through numerous modes of communication. Weather forecasts, crime news, sports updates, and even information about your favourite celebrities are all provided to us via technology and mass media. The media has become an integral part of everyone’s lives. Every day, we exposed to a variety of media components. Besides, the media world is all-encompassing, whether it’s your television, social media, radio, or news channels. Its scale is tremendous, with infinite employment options, just as media’s omnipresence.

A degree in mass communication and journalism is the greatest approach to flourish in this industry. Further,  Mass communication – the study of how information may successfully transmitted to a large number of individuals. Journalism teaches students how to investigate current events in a certain region. And disseminate them to the public via television, radio, or print media such as newspapers, magazines, blogs, articles, and so on. However, A Master’s degree in Journalism and Mass Communication provides students with the information. And abilities needed to thrive in these disciplines and build a successful career.

When assessing the extent of this subject, we must examine a variety of aspects such as technical developments, changes in people’s lifestyles, tastes, and so on.  More importantly, technology is the driving force in today’s environment. And it has a significant influence on the media and journalism. Moving on to the news industry, with the globe confined to their houses owing to the epidemic, the world’s reliance on journalism has grown like never before.

More information-

However, given the increasing popularity of these mass communication media. There is a significant opportunity for aspirants in the fields of journalism and public communication. Further,  you can get a career in the following sectors if you have an MA in Journalism and Mass Communication: Public Relations, Journalism, TV Correspondence, Fashion Photography, Advertising, Film Industry, Event Management, Legal Affairs, Online Media, Digital Marketing, and so on.

The area of mass communication is advancing at a dizzying rate across the world. Unlike in the industrialised countries of the West, all forms of mass communication in India. Including print, television, radio, film, and the internet, which have grown concurrently and projected to continue to expand in the near future. As a result, pursuing a Master’s degree in Journalism. And Mass Communication may lead to an incredibly profitable profession with plenty of room for advancement.

Moreover, Birla Global University’s degree in mass communication provides doors to careers in journalism, public relations, and advertising. Our MAJMC programme offers cutting-edge audio-visual equipment for the creation of formats such as news, panel discussions, and so forth. We have active collaboration with media companies for hands-on training and exposure to best practices in the field. Furthermore, our Industry Employability Enhancement Program prepares students for employment placements in the industry. A community radio station and a television station are also in the works. All of this done with the primary goal of providing students with high-level practical experience and preparing them for careers in the sector.

Q.5. Are liberal arts hard?

A.5. Some liberal arts colleges may have a reputation for being challenging in a specific subject. If a school is well-known for its English programme. That major is likely to be more difficult than other majors at that school as well as other English programmes at other institutions. The most significant advantage is that the student may design his or her own programme and progress. Moreover, he/she might complete his/her major education in the topic pursued and minors in subjects that he/she has always interested in.

As a result, the periphery of vision in terms of career growth expanded! Unlike modern courses, which focus on and teach in only one field. As a result, an individuals professional options limited. Its determined by your field, education, majors, minors (specialisation), and experience. A fresh graduate, on the other hand, can begin with a salary ranging from Rs.10,000/- INR to Rs.30,000/- INR.

There is no reason to be concerned. It only gets better over time. Every career begins with a struggle and little compensation.

Q.6. What is liberal arts all about?

A.6. Liberal arts education – a distinct educational system that widely used in the United States. In the liberal arts system, you study a range of subjects (for example, sciences, arts, history, economics, and business) while gaining in-depth expertise in your selected major (s). Students in the liberal arts have the flexibility to select their areas of study, instructors, and curriculum; small class numbers and close interaction between students and teachers are the norm. The residential campus and a diverse range of extracurricular activities are especially significant in a liberal arts context. To liberate anything is to set it free: liberal arts liberates your intellect and equips you to face the world! Your first year will spent learning the fundamentals of communication, reasoning, research, problem-solving, and theory.

More importantly, liberal arts will provide you with a solid set of analytical abilities. As well as educate you on how to adapt and be adaptable in a constantly changing global business. Moreover, acquiring diverse information within the context of a strong value system can make you a more attentive and thorough individual. While also activating your creative energies in an exciting study of self and humanity.

Q.7. What Liberal Arts provides??

Liberal arts education gives you the ability to actively change your surroundings, better society, and give back to your community. However, it has the capacity to free individuals, alter lives, and build the groundwork for social justice. Further,  some may consider a liberal arts education to have a political bent or even to be a political science degree. To be clear, that is not the case. A liberal arts education takes a comprehensive approach, which includes exposing the mind to new ideas. Pondering concepts all around us, considering viewpoints through different lenses, and understanding variations in thinking. Besides, an education in the liberal arts exposes you to the arts, humanities, social sciences, mathematics, and natural sciences. It teaches you how to learn as well as how to assess arguments and experiences.

A liberal arts degree clearly prepares you well and positions you as a suitable contender for openings after graduation and beyond. Moreover, liberal arts students prepared to flourish in any area by studying a diverse set of abilities.

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List of Universities offering Liberal Arts