Aerospace Engineering: Meaning, Types, Scope, Courses, Jobs & More (2021)

Introduction

Aerospace Engineering is the branch of engineering where you can learn about the functions, technology, and development of flying objects. The flying objects are especially commercial and defense like aircraft, spacecraft, fighter planes, drones, and more. This is the field of engineering very similar to mechanical engineering. However, this field more focuses on aircraft and spacecraft. In aerospace engineering, there is the concept of designing, research, and developing flying objects.

Aerospace engineering is a field of engineering in technology where you will understand the concepts of various flying objects. However, it is more diverse if you study aerospace engineering in two different sections. These two different sections are types of aerospace engineering. So the brief information about them is as follows.

Types Information
Aeronautical Engineering It is the section of aerospace engineering where its main focus is on the flying objects in the earth’s atmosphere.

It is more towards commercial and defense

Examples – Airplane, Drones, Missiles and more

Astronautical Engineering It is the section of aerospace engineering where its main focus is on the flying objects outside the earth’s atmosphere.

It is more towards research in space followed by commercial and defense

Examples – Rockets, Satellites, and more

 

Table of Contents

More About It

In aerospace engineering, you will learn about many concepts of flying or air objects. Moreover, you will understand the function of the various parts in it. Also, you will learn about aerodynamics which is the most important concept in it. You will also learn about the various skills which are useful in design spacecraft and aircraft. Along with the design section, you will understand the mechanism of flight how do airplanes fly in the atmosphere. Also, you will learn about how rockets can leave the earth’s atmosphere, leaving aside the high gravity pull. These concepts are very fascinating and very good for the career too. Some of the major modules which you will learn in aerospace engineering are as follows.

  • Aerodynamics
  • Fight Mechanics
  • Aircraft and Spacecraft Design
  • Robotics and AI
  • Fueling Technology
  • Outer space Mechanism
  • Thermodynamics

Along with all these special concepts, you will also learn the major subjects of engineering like Physics, Chemistry, and Computer science. These subjects are specially designed for this field. Keeping aside the theoretical knowledge you will also learn various skills in this field. You have to do different assignments in workshops which will intensify the skills. You have to engage in various internships while pursuing aerospace engineering courses, Moreover, top Indian aerospace companies like HAL, ISRO, DRDO, and more offers industry visits which will help to understand the latest technology in this field.

Courses and Jobs

Aerospace Engineering is a specified engineering course concerned with the research and development of spacecraft and aircraft. In this field, the major courses are B.Tech and M.Tech. Finally, after completing these two you can go for a Ph.D. These all are the courses only offered in India in this field. Moreover, these courses are enough to get the skills in this field. However, if you are from another branch and you want to get into this field, you can go for a certification course. There are many certification courses available in India in this field. You can learn the important concepts of these and go for an internship where you will learn skills. Finally, after all these, you can get a job in the Indian market. There are also various diploma courses too which you can go for. These diploma courses are skilled-based and are provided at universities.

The jobs available in aerospace engineering are very good. There is a huge demand for aerospace engineers in the Indian Market. Top companies recruit aerospace engineers for various projects. Also, there is a huge requirement for aerospace engineers in government companies. HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited) is the biggest recruiter of these engineers. This company is especially for designing airplanes and aircraft in India. Moreover, ISRO also recruits a huge number of engineering for the development of spacecraft. Along with these two government companies, DRDO also recruits aerospace engineers in India. The DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization) is responsible for developing technologies for defense in India. So they also hire engineering for their secret projects. There is also a huge scope in foreign countries. Many foreign aircraft and spacecraft companies hire engineers from India.

What is Aerospace Engineering?

Aerospace Engineering is the branch of engineering where you will learn about aircraft and spacecraft. In aerospace engineering, you have the opportunity to contribute to the first flight of a new aircraft a new spacecraft, or new technology. Moreover, aerospace engineering is involved in all the facets of the design, analysis, research, and development of aerospace vehicles. This encompasses many different aerospace concepts disciplines specialties, including aerodynamics, performance, control, and more.

This branch of engineering is very important in today’s time. There is more and more demand in the aviation sector which can be done only if there is good aerospace engineering. Aerospace engineering helps to develop aircraft that we are dependent on today. Also, there is scope in spacecraft engineering. Be it the ISRO, NASA, and Space X there is a need for aerospace engineers. There are tremendous jobs available too in this field. Some of the major importances of aerospace engineering are as follows.

  • It is a very diverse field, you have to develop various aircraft. This has become essentials in human life. Also, you have to involve in the development of various spacecraft. This is very important for research and commercial projects.
  • Getting a degree in aerospace engineering is itself a pride. Moreover, you have to involve in various research and development. This will give society a great contribution.
  • You will also develop defense mechanism and fighter jet and other which will help the country from the threats

Types of Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace Engineering is broadly divided into two types based on the working mechanism. The two types of aerospace engineering are as follows.

Aeronautical Engineering

In this aeronautical engineering, you will learn about the functions and mechanisms of various air vehicles inside the atmosphere. In this field, you will study the aerodynamics of the various flying objects and implement them in real projects. You also learn about the maintenance of the various parts and structures of aircraft. This field focuses on every flying object in the earth’s atmosphere. These many include commercial airplanes, fighter jets, drones, missiles, helicopters, and many more.

The concept of this field is very tough; it is not as same as other engineering filed. This is more diverse towards the practical sections. Whereas theory is also much needed in this kind of engineering. There is more innovation in this field too. So you have to be part of various research sections.

Astronautical Engineering

Astronautical Engineering is the field of engineering where you will get involved in the development and function of various flying objects beyond the earth’s atmosphere. You can simply call it rocket science. In this field, you will learn about the mechanism and functioning of rockets, satellites, and other spacecraft. You would learn about the designing and research of various spacecraft. Moreover, you will learn about the functioning of spacecraft in space. You will also learn about the launching pad and fueling technology.

These all concepts are also very tough and a new one too. It is almost a dream of everyone to work on space projects but these all things are very hard. If you want to go into this field, you must have to understand the basics and concept of their working too. Finally, if you get a degree in this field and you have skills you will get a great job.

History Aerospace Engineering

Introduction

Aerospace engineering was first defined in the year 1958. But, you can trace the concept of it since the 18th century. Sir George Cayley was the most important person in the aerospace engineer. He has given the theory of lift and drag. It is the key theory that helps scholars to understand the push to the atmosphere. After that, some more theories like fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, and more came into existence. Then in 1903 Wright Brothers, the duo brothers successfully tested their first flight in his aircraft. They were using the theories which the various scholars have given in the past time. However, the aircraft lasted only for 12 seconds in the air. But these attempts gave a push for the various discoveries.

From the year 1910, you can see the new discoveries of aircraft. It is because World War 1 was started. So from 1910 to the end of the 2nd world war, technology became very advanced. There were many commercial airplanes, fighter jets, helicopters, and many more. Then there was a leap towards the space missions too. Russia launched the first satellite in the world Sputnik in space in the year 1957. Then America also followed it and launched its first satellite. After that in the year, 1969 Apollo 11 takes the first human into the moon orbit. This was the significant first step towards the spacecraft.

More About It

Now in the present time, we can see a huge base for commercial aircraft which is sometimes cheaper than the other median of transport. Moreover, you will see the advancement in the commercial airplane. Along with the increase in size and technology, there is an increase in the safety features too. The meaning of fighter jet has totally changed; it has become more advance and filled with safety.

In the field of spacecraft, there is a great improvement. Almost every county have their satellites in the space and space research centers. Moreover, scientists are exploring the different parts and planets in space. Many different researchers are exploring life on other planets too. Also, many companies are providing commercial space flights too.

Scope of Aerospace Engineering Courses in India

Aerospace Engineering is a very advanced course which you can peruse in India. The scope of this field is very high. You can get a chance to learn many things in this field. There are many projects running in India for various aircraft and spacecraft. These projects require huge skilled manpower who can work in these projects. Moreover, if you pursue various courses in this field you can get great opportunities in life. Also, you can learn new skills which are very helpful in professional life. Some of the major scopes of aerospace engineering courses in India are as follows.

Learning Scope

  • You will learn about the various concept of aerospace engineering. In this concept first, you will learn about the basics and then move towards the advance. Also, these concepts are backed with many assignments and projects which will help you learn them more properly.
  • Moreover, you will learn about the two types of aerospace engineering i.e. aeronautical and astronautical engineering. Also will get a chance to learn about both of the concepts.
  • Keeping aside all these major courses you will also learn the subjects like computer science, math, and physics. Computer science is a major subject in this field where you will also learn about programming and AI.
  • In the engineering field, you have to make new innovations. So you will get into various projects which will help you to develop the skills of designing and innovation.
  • You will get involved in various practical work which will help you to understand the mechanisms of machines. And the college and university will organize various workshops for a better understanding of machines.
  • You have to involve in the final year project where you will innovate something new using all these concepts. This is the major path break for the overall career framing.
  • Besides these technical skills, you will also learn professional communication. Along with it, you will learn how to enhance your personality.
  • Moreover, you will also learn about the various business skills in this field too. This is a major part of the curriculum of engineering too.
  • You will get involved in various research activities too. Research is a very important aspect of this field. There are many things that are still undiscovered. So you can get a chance to involve in them too.

Job Scope

  • The job opportunities in this field are great. Many top companies in India recruit graduates of this field every year for their ongoing projects. You can get opportunities to work with these companies on a large scale. Some of the major companies are Air Asia, Indigo Air, Saffron Aviation, and many more.
  • The pay scale of the experts in this field is very high. Companies pay the best salaries to the experts in this field. Also, the salaries are backed with attractive financial incentives too.
  • If you perform well in the project, the chances of promotion are very high. You can also get an increment in the salary along with a higher post. Moreover, you can also get various bonuses in the projects.
  • You can also make a career in academics too. There is a huge requirement for professors in this field. Also, top colleges and universities hire professors in this field. You will also get a great pay scale in it too.
  • Moreover, after getting work experience you can also go for your own start-up too. If you have market knowledge you can start your own business. However, to set up a plant will need huge capital but you can provide services and these need less capital.
  • There is a great opportunity in various government organizations too. Top government organizations like HAK, ISRO, and DRDO also recruit experts from this field. Moreover, these organizations are very good to work on.
  • You can also apply for jobs in foreign companies too. There is a huge requirement of graduates of this field in many foreign companies too.

Eligibility Criteria for Aerospace Engineering Courses in India

The eligibility criteria for aerospace engineering courses vary from different levels of degree. These eligibility criteria are based on the previous qualification. You have to move step by step for UG, PG, and Ph.D. Moreover, in the case of certification, you need nothing except a 10th exam certificate. The detailed information of these all are as follows

For Bachelor in Aerospace Engineering

  • You must complete your 10+2 exam or any equivalent degree to it can also be considered.
  • The degree must be from a recognized board or university.
  • Also, there is a minimum percentage requirement of 50% in your +2 exam
  • You must be from a science background too or you must have physics, math, and chemistry any one or more subjects in +2 exam.
  • There is some privilege for backward cast students like SC, ST, and OBC. Also here is some privilege for persons with disabilities.
  • You to appear in entrance exam available at different levels if you want admission in top college or university

For Master in Aerospace Engineering

  • You must complete your UG degree from an engineering background.
  • If you have completed B.Sc or other similar courses in the aerospace engineering field, it will be considered too.
  • Also, there is a need of minimum 45% in the UG course.
  • There is some privilege for backward cast students like SC, ST, and OBC. Also here is some privilege for persons with disabilities.
  • You to appear in entrance exam available at different levels if you want admission in top college or university

For Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering

  • You have to complete your PG degree in the field of aerospace engineering field
  • If you have a similar PG degree it will be considered too.
  • Moreover, there is a need for a minimum of 45% in the PG course.
  • Some colleges or universities may ask for a research proposal for admission to a PhD
  • There is some privilege for backward cast students like SC, ST, and OBC. Also here is some privilege for persons with disabilities.
  • There is a need for a compulsory entrance exam if you want admission to Ph.D.

For Certification in Aerospace Engineering

  • There is only a requirement for the 10th exam certificate.
  • No entrance exam is needed for admission
  • No minimum percentage criteria for admission

Entrance Exams for Aerospace Engineering Courses

If you want to pursue various courses in aerospace engineering, you must appear in the entrance exam. There are many entrance exams available for these kinds of courses. And these entrance exams will help you to land up in good colleges or universities. These entrance exams are conducted at various levels like UG, PG, and Ph.D. There are national entrance exams as well as university entrance exams too. These entrance exams are acceptable all over India and have a wide scope range. However, if you don’t want to appear in the entrance exam, there is no problem. There are many colleges and universities that provide direct admission too. Keeping aside some of the major entrance exams for aerospace engineering entrance exams in India are as follows.

 JEE

JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) is the top entrance exam if you want to pursue engineering courses in India. This entrance exam will help you to get admission to IITs, NITs, and other top institutes in India. The NTA (National Testing Agency) conducts this exam every year. Moreover, there are 12 lakh students who fill the application for the 5 thousand seats in IITs all over India. So there is a huge competition in this entrance exam. But if you will crack this entrance exam, you can get admission to very good engineering colleges and universities in India. However, this entrance exam is divided into two phases. They are as follows.

JEE Mains

This is the first phase of JEE where you have to appear in this exam and if you clear it you can go to the next level. The JEE Mains is conducted 4 times a year where you can appear in it. However, in this exam question pattern is divided into two sections. The first one is for an engineering course whereas another one is for B.Arch and B Planning. The detailed information about the structure is as follows.

Sections Details
B.Tech
  • The exam is in two sections
  • Section 1 – 20 MCQs from different subjects
  • Section 2 – 10 Numerical Problems from different subjects
  • Only Computer Based exam
B.Arch and B. Planning
  • The exam is in three sections
  • Section 1 – 20 MCQs from only math subject
  • Section 2 – 50 Aptitude MCQs from  different subjects
  • Section3 – Planning question which has drawings
  • Computer-Based exam except for section 3 which is pen and paper mode exam

The above is detailed information about the structure of the various course exam pattern. However, if you want to appear in this exam you must complete your 10+2 exam or must be appearing in the +2 exam with a minimum of 50%. Also, you must be from a science background.

To apply for this entrance exam you have to visit the JEE portal which is operated by NTA. Then you will create an account in it. Now you can fill up the application form. You will fill up all the necessary data in the application. Also to make the final submission of your application you have to pay the application fee. Finally, after the submission, you will receive a confirmation mail for your final submission.

  • Applicability: B.Tech, B.E, B. Arch, and More.
  • Exam Mode: Online
  • Institute Accepting: IITs, IIITs, NITs, and more
  • Application Fees: 650

JEE Advanced

After clearing JEE mains you will be advanced to JEE Advanced. This is the final step towards the top IITs all over India. This exam occurs only once a year for the students who have cleared the JEE Mains. The NTA also conducts this entrance exam. Moreoevr this entrance exam also follows the same examination pattern as in the JEE Mains. The detailed information about them is as follows.

Paper Courses Details
Paper 1 For B.tech and B.E
  • 3 Hour paper
  • MCQs based question
  • Computer-based exam
Paper 2 For B.Arch and B.Plan
  • 3 Hour paper
  • MCQs based question except for the drawing section
  • Computer-based exam for MCQs and Pen and paper for drawing

If you clear cutoff in the JEE mains you can appear for this entrance exam. However to appear for this entrance exam you need to fill an application form from the same portal of JEE mains. Also, you have to pay a certain application fee. Finally, your application will be sent to the NTA officials for verification.

After the verification, if you fulfill all the criteria, you will receive admit card after some days, which will have various information and exam center. Now you have to appear in the exam center at the required time to write the exam. So after writing the exam, the officials will declare the results after some months. Also, the different colleges will call you accordingly to the marks. Finally, after different interview rounds, you can get the admission offer letter.  After that, you have to pay the academics fee of the college or university whosever offer letter you have. Then you will get admission to that college or university.

  • Applicability: B.Tech, B.E, B. Arch, and More.
  • Exam Mode: Online
  • Institute Accepting: IITs, IIITs, NITs, and more
  • Application Fees: 2800

GATE

If you want to pursue M.Tech courses in India GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is one of the best entrance exams. It is conducted by MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource and Development). So this is a very good exam that will help you to get admission to IITs all over India. Moreover, this entrance exam will also help in various PSUs jobs in India. Many PSUs hire topper of this entrance exam for various high post jobs. In this entrance exam syllabus of the courses varies from specialization to specialization. This means that if you are from a computer science background, then you will get the questions in the exam from this background only. So you don’t have to prepare for various unnecessary subjects.

If you want to appear in the GATE exam you must complete your UG degree in engineering then you will get admission to the M.Tech program. However, if you have completed your B.Arch or B Planning then also you can appear. But you have to appear for M.Arch or M Planning only. Also, you can get admission only to the specialization which you have studied in UG. In addition to it, there is also a need of minimum 50% in a UG course from a recognized university. However, a final-year student can also appear in this exam.

If you fulfill all these criteria, you can fill the application form through an online portal. After filling application form, you have to submit it online. Moreover, you have to submit some application form fees too along with the application. Then after some days, the office will issue you admit card. Finally, you can appear in this exam

  • Applicability: M.Tech, M.E, M. Arch, and More.
  • Exam Mode: Online
  • Institute Accepting: IITs, IIITs, NITs, and more
  • Application Fees: 1500

VITEEE

VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam) is one of the best entrance exams to pursue engineering courses in India. This entrance exam is conducted by VIT for admission in engineering courses in VIT, Vellore, and other affiliating colleges. VIT, Vellore is one of the top Indian institutes to pursue various engineering courses. Moreover, the aerospace engineering in this institute is very good. It provides the best faculty and curriculum to the students. However, there is a huge completion in this entrance exam and seats are very limited. In 2020 more than 2 lakh students appeared in this entrance exam for the 2000 seats in VIT campuses all over India.

To appear for various UG engineering courses, you must complete your 10+2 exam from a recognized board or university. Also, you must be from the science stream or you must have math, physics, and chemistry any one or more in your +2 exam. However, if you want to appear for an M.tech course you must complete your UG course in engineering or science from a recognized university. A minimum of 50% is also required. And if you are a final-year student, you can also apply for it.

If you fulfill all these eligibility criteria, you have to fill the application form through VIT official website. After filling the application form you have to submit it along with the application fee. Then the officials will issue an admit card and then you can appear in the exam. After appearing in the exam if you clear cutoff, the college will call you for an interview round. Finally, if you perform well in the interview, you can get admission to the college

  • Applicability: B.Tech, B.E, M.Tech, and M.E
  • Exam Mode: Online
  • Institute Accepting: VIT Vellore, Chennai, Bhopal, and more
  • Application Fees: 1150

SRMJEEE

SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam) is conducted by SRM, Chennai. This entrance exam is for admission to the SRM campus all over India. SRM is one of the best universities in India for various engineering courses. This university also offers aerospace engineering courses that have a huge scope. But to get admission to SRM University in engineering courses you have to crack this entrance exam. There are almost 3 thousand engineering seats on the SRM campus all over India. And for those 3 thousand seats, there are more than 1 lakh applicants. So you can see how tough this entrance exam is.

To appear in UG courses you must complete your 10+2 exam. However, if you are appearing for a PG course, you must complete your UG course. Also, the degree must be from a recognized board or university. There is a minimum percentage criterion of 50% for UG courses and 45% for Pg courses. Moreover, a final-year student can also appear in this entrance exam. So these all are the basic eligibility criteria to appear for this entrance exam.

To appear in the exam you have to fill the online application form, through an online portal. For that, you have to visit the SRM University website and fill up a form. You have to fill out basic details and courses you want to appear. Then you will submit it with an online application fee. You can submit fees through UPI, Debit Card, Net Banking, and more. Then after some months, the officials will issue you an admit card. The admit card will have roll number, exam date, and center. Then you can appear in the exam on the same date

  • Applicability: B.Tech ad B.E
  • Exam Mode: Online
  • Institute Accepting: SRM, Chennai, and other SRM institutes.
  • Application Fees: 1100

CUCET

Chandigarh University Common Entrance Test (CUCET) is one of the best entrance exams for admission in engineering courses. This entrance exam was conducted by Chandigarh University. This university is one of the best universities in India for engineering courses. However, this is a common entrance exam for every course and is also a scholarship test too. So if you perform well in this entrance exam, you will get admission and a scholarship too. This university offers one of the best aerospace engineering courses in India.

If you are appearing for UG courses you must complete your 10+2 exam from a recognized university or board. Also, a minimum of 50% is required in the +2 exam. And you can also apply if you are appearing in +2 exams. However, if you are appearing for a PG course, you must complete your UG course from a recognized university. There is a minimum percentage criterion of 45% in the UG course. Also if you are a final year student, you can apply.

To appear in this entrance exam you have to fill the online application form through the Chandigarh University website. You have to fill in all the basic details and submit them along with the online application fee.  After that, you will get a confirmation mail. Then after some months, the officials will issue you an admit card. Then you will appear in the entrance exam. After witting the exam, the result will be declared in some time. Now if you will clear the cutoff, the university will call you for an interview round. Then after giving an interview, you will get admission

  • Applicability: B.Tech, M.Tech, B.Sc, M.Sc, and more
  • Exam Mode: Online
  • Institute Accepting: Only in Chandigarh University
  • Application Fees: 1200

Top Aerospace Engineering Courses in India

There are many aerospace engineering courses available in India. These courses are available at different levels of degree. This is available at UG, PG, and Ph.D. levels. However, in this field, there are only engineering courses available. You have to pursue various engineering courses to learn aerospace engineering. There are also many certification courses available too. Some of the major aerospace engineering courses in India are as follows.

Top Aerospace Engineering for Bachelors in India

B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering

Bachelor in Technology (B. Tech) in Aerospace Engineering is a 4-year program. There a 2 semesters every year. This is a highly advanced course where you will learn about the basics of aerospace engineering. You have to choose your main branch in this course between aeronautical and astronomical engineering. You will learn the various skills of designing aircraft and spacecraft. Along with all these, you will also learn various major subjects like computer science, physics, math, and more. Apart from this theory knowledge, you will also get involved in various workshops and practical activities. These practical activities will develop various skills needed in the industry.

To get admission to this course you must complete your 10+2 exam. The 10+2 must be from a recognized board or university. Also, there is a need of minimum 50% in +2 exams. You must be from a science background or you must have physics, math,s and chemistry and one or more in +2 exam. Moreover, if you are going to appear in +2 exams, then also you can apply for this course. However, if you want to get into top colleges and universities in India you have to appear in the entrance exam. There are tons of entrance exams available from which you can get into top colleges and universities. Some of the major entrance exams are JEE, VITEEE, and more.

There are also plenty of job opportunities available after this course. This is a very advanced course where you will learn many different skills. Top companies in India recruit graduates of this course for various projects. Moreover, there are huge government opportunities too. Top government organizations like ISRO, HAL, DRDO, and many more have many great projects ongoing. So you can get the opportunity to work on these projects.

List of Top B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering Colleges in India

University/ College Name Affiliating University Entrance Exam
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras IIT JEE
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur IIT JEE
Manipal Institute of Technology (MIT) Manipal University, Manipal MET
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee IIT JEE
Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering DSCE, Bangalore KCET
Department of Engineering, SRM Sri Ramsaroop Memorial (SRM), Chennai SRMEEE
Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore VIT, Vellore VITEEE
  • Average Fee for B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering: 2 lakhs – 15 lakh
  • Admission Criteria for B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering: 10+2 exam
  • Types of Jobs After B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering: Aerospace Engineer, Aerospace Designer, Aircraft Architect, Spacecraft Architect, and more
  • Average Placements After B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering: 4 LPA – 10 LPA

Top Aerospace Engineering for Masters in India

M.Tech in Aerospace Engineering

Master in Technology (M.Tech) in Aerospace Engineering is a 2 year PG program for engineering in India. It is one of the best courses you can pursue in India. This course will help you learn the concepts in more detail which you have learned in UG courses. Moreover, you will also get involved in different practical activities too. This course will give you a professional touch on your skills. Moreover, in the field of aerospace engineering, this course will help you to get into the high post. You can also get involved in designing, research, and development projects.

To get admission to this course you must complete your UG degree from an engineering background. Also if you have done B.Sc in this field you can get admission to this course. There is a need for a minimum of 45% in the UG course too. If you are a final year student you can also get admission to this course. So if you fulfill all these eligibility criteria you can get admission to this course.

If you want admission to the top college and universities in India, you have to appear in various entrance exams. Some of the major entrance exams are GATE, VITEEE, and more. These entrance exams will help you to land up in a great college. However, these exams have a huge competition so you have to prepare well for it.

The jobs after this course are very good. You can get great jobs at top companies in India. Moreover, if you appear in GATE, then you can also get a chance for top IITs in India. In these colleges, government companies like ISRO, HAL, and DRDO directly recruit the top students. There is also the chance of getting a job at top foreign companies too.

 List of Top M.Tech in Aerospace Engineering Colleges in India

University/ College Name Affiliating University Entrance Exam
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras IIT GATE
Manipal Institute of Technology Manipal University, Manipal GATE
Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology IIST, Kerala GATE
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur IIT GATE
Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore IISc GATE
Chandigarh University GATE
Madras Institute of Technology University of Madras GATE
  • Average Fee for M.Tech in Aerospace Engineering: 1 lakhs – 9 lakh
  • Admission Criteria for M.Tech in Aerospace Engineering: UG course in engineering or B.Sc in the same field
  • Types of Jobs After M.Tech in Aerospace Engineering: Project Architect, Project Manager, Chief Developer, and More
  • Average Placements After M.Tech in Aerospace Engineering: 4 LPA – 15 LPA

Top Aerospace Engineering for Ph.D. in India

Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering

Doctorate in Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Aerospace Engineering is a 3 – 4 year course. It is the very last course one can pursue in the field of Aerospace Engineering. While pursuing this course you will get in-depth knowledge of the subjects which you will study. Also, you have to involve in various research work. This would help in building a strong base for professional life. This course also focuses more on practical skills than theoretical skills.

To get admission in this course you must complete your PG in aerospace engineering. Moreover, you must have a minimum of 50% in your PG course. Also, your PG degree must be from a recognized university. Moreover, some of the colleges in India ask for research proposals too for admission. You have to appear in entrance exams too for admission. There is plenty of entrance exams available for Ph.D. admission. Many colleges and universities in India accept the GATE and UGC NET entrance exams.

There is high demand for aerospace engineering professionals in India. Many ongoing projects required these kinds of professionals. Moreover, many upcoming big projects in India require these professionals. So it is a very secure kind of job. It is a high salaried job with attractive incentives. Also, you can get a promotion real quick. Therefore the Ph.D. degree would help you get into the top consulting areas. There is huge recruitment in government sectors too. Many government organizations hire these experts for their projects too. And you can even join any university as an assistant professor. Even many foreign companies recruit aerospace engineering experts in their companies.

 List of Top Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering Colleges in India

University/ College Name Affiliating University Eligibility
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras IIT M.Tech, M.Sc
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur IIT M.Tech, M.Sc
Department of Engineering Sri Ramsaroop Memorial (SRM), Chennai M.Tech, M.Sc
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur IIT M.Tech, M.Sc
Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore IISc M.Tech, M.Sc
Vellore Institute of Technology VIT, Vellore M.Tech, M.Sc
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee IIT M.Tech, M.Sc
  • Average Fee for Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering: 2 lakhs – 7 lakhs
  • Admission Criteria for Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering: M.Tech, M.Sc from aerospace engineering courses
  • Types of Jobs After Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering: Aerospace Consultant, Aerospace Expert, Lecturer, Professor, and More
  • Average Placements After Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering: 5 LPA – 18 LPA

Aerospace Engineering Job Roles and Levels in India

Aerospace Engineer

After students the various courses in aerospace engineering you can easily get the job profile of aerospace engineer. The main role of an aerospace engineer is to design flying objects. However, this aerospace engineer gets the job role for two different posts. The two different job posts of aerospace engineers are as follows.

Aeronautical Engineer

Introduction

In this job post, your prime role is to work on the various projects of aircraft and other flying objects that fly in the earth’s atmosphere. You will get assigned roles in the projects. There can be many jobs in it like designing, research, manufacture, development, and more. You will get the role as of your skill. In this job, you will be the one who is making the aircraft. Moreoevr you have to install various technologies and safety gears in it. Along with it, you have to test and if any malfunction is found, it must be corrected. There are the basic roles of an aeronautical engineer. However, these all roles may change in the different companies.

The pay scale of aeronautical engineers is much higher compared to other engineers in India. The companies that recruit graduates for this post pay huge salaries. Also, they provide many financial incentives too. You can get these jobs in college and university placements. Moreover, you will also get different training while working at this post. So this post can be a great opportunity for recent graduate students. You can easily join this post as a fresher where you will get paid and even learn new things in the market.

More About It

There is a huge demand for aeronautical engineers in the private field. Top aircraft manufacturing companies hire these graduates for their projects. Moreover, these companies also provide a great platform for career building. Also, you will learn new things in this job profile. Government organizations also hire aeronautical engineers. Many government organizations have different projects running in India. So you have a great opportunity to apply to these organizations. Besides, there are many foreign companies too that hire many aeronautical engineers from India. So you can apply to these companies too and get a great job in foreign companies.

To apply for this post you have to keep an eye on recruiting companies. You can even make profiles in online job portals to search for recruitments of different companies. However many companies provide jobs at college or university placement too. So if you find any of the jobs, you must make a great resume fitting that job. And then you can apply it by submitting the application form. Then the company will give some sort of assessment or any kind of exam. You have to do it, and then if you will pass in that you can go for the next round. The next round may be a different interview round. Also, there may be various interview rounds like GD, Technical Interview, HR Round, and many more. So after clearing it you can get the job offer letter.

This is a very common practice of recruitment which various companies use. However, it may vary from company to company. You have to prepare for all the stages of recruitment to get this job profile.

  • Average Salary for Beginners: 4 LPA to 10 LPA
  • Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: 10 LPA to 20 LPA
  • Salary for Highly Experienced: 20 LPA to 40 LPA

Astronautical Engineer

Introduction

As an astronautical engineer, you have to work on the research and development of the flying objects above the atmosphere.  Your prime job will be working on various projects of spacecraft, satellites, shuttles, and many more. You will get involved in various activities in this sector. There can be many work areas in this field like manufacturing, research, development, testing, and many more. You will get the job role as per your skill. Moreover, you can also learn many new concepts and skills in this field. This field is very advanced and every sector has its research area. However, this field is very hard to understand but if you will work hard you can ace it.

Since the field of astronautical engineering is very tough, the project is also comparatively hard. So the engineers working in this field get a good pay scale. The salary that an astronautical engineer gets is very high. Also, it is backed with many financial incentives too. Moreover, you will get training while studying which will help you to get these jobs profiles.

More About It

There are many space project companies that hire astronomical engineers in India. They hire these engineers for some good profiles. Moreover, there are many space projects that are running in India. Along with it, many projects from foreign counties are also coming to Indian companies. So for those profiles, there is huge recruitment in India. India’s top space organization ISRO also hires top aeronautical engineers in India. There are many ongoing space projects in The ISRO where you can get a great job. You can also apply to various foreign companies too. The top space organizations like NASA, SpaceX, ISO hire many graduates from India for their projects too.

To apply for an astronautical engineer as a fresher you have to search for the recruitment of the different companies for this post. If any company has recruitment you have to fill the application. Then you may get some sort of assessment it can be some aptitude test or some minor project. After completing the assessment you have to appear in the interview round. There are mainly two interview rounds- Technical Round (TR) followed by HR Round. If you complete both interviews round, you will get the offer letter. So, this is the most common format of recruitment of various companies. However, this format would vary from company to company

  1. Average Salary for Beginners: 6 LPA to 12 LPA
  2. Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: 12 LPA to 30 LPA
  3. Salary for Highly Experienced: 30 LPA to 80 LPA

Chief Design Engineer

Introduction

This is a high-level post and not provided to fresher. In this post, your main job is to the new machine. As a design engineer, your prime role is to design or innovate a new concept of machine, aerodynamics, and other things in a new aircraft or spacecraft. To do this kind of works requires great skills in this field. Designing work is quite hard and demands the experience of the industry. So if you want to get at this level of post, you have to get into it from the beginning. Then after involving in various projects, you will learn skills that will help you to get into this post.

Since it is a very high-level post in this field, the pay scale is also very high. The experts working at this post at the various companies are getting good salaries. Moreover, these salaries are also backed with many financial incentives too. Also, you will have a whole bunch of team members working under you. You should have leadership skills to maintain a working environment in the project.

More About It

There are many opportunities available in the market for design engineers. As a fresher, you can join as a junior designer engineer and you will be working under it. However, after working on various projects you will learn the skills required in the field. Then you can apply for the chief design engineer post. Top MNCs working in the various aircraft and spacecraft businesses provide job roles. Moreover, top government organizations like ISRO, HAL, NAL, DRDO, and more also provide the best job opportunities. These government jobs can be best because you will get great salaries. And you would be working in a great environment. Moreover, you can also join foreign companies too. Every year many foreign companies give job offer to the top graduates of India.

To get a job for this post, you have to keep an eye on the upcoming recruitment. You can also create your profile at the online job portal. Also, you can go for college or university placements. If you are from Tier 1 colleges or universities you will get great profiles in placements too. After all, that when you find any recruitment, you should apply for it. Then the company will give you some assessment or will conduct any exam. If you will pass these you can go for an interview round. And after clearing the interview round finally you can get a job.

  1. Average Salary for Beginners: 10 LPA to 20 LPA
  2. Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: 20 LPA to 40 LPA
  3. Salary for Highly Experienced: 40 LPA to 80 LPA

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Aerospace Engineering

Que.  How hard is Aerospace Engineering?

Ans. Aerospace engineering is one of the toughest fields in engineering studies. The concepts that are used in this field are very hard. This field has a prime focus on research and development. So you have to learn many skills to understand this course more properly. Moreover, in this field, the application of concepts is very hard but if you understand it, it will be very easy.

Que. What is Aerospace Engineering?

Ans. Aerospace Engineering is the branch of engineering where you will learn about aircraft and spacecraft. In aerospace engineering, you have the opportunity to contribute to the first flight of a new aircraft a new spacecraft, or new technology. Moreover, aerospace engineering is involved in all the facets of the design, analysis, research, and development of aerospace vehicles. This encompasses many different aerospace concepts disciplines specialties, including aerodynamics, performance, control, and more.

Que. What can I become if I study Aerospace Engineering?

Ans. There are plenty of job opportunities available after studying Aerospace engineering. Some of the major job profiles after studying this course are as follows.

  • Aeronautical Engineer
  • Astronautical Engineer
  • System Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • Project Architect
  • Consultant
  • Assistant Professor

Que. What are the types of Aerospace Engineering?

Ans. There are only two types of aerospace engineering and they are as follows.

Types Definition
Aeronautical Engineering
  • It is the section of aerospace engineering where its main focus is on the flying objects in the earth’s atmosphere.
  • Examples – Airplane, Drones, Missiles and more
Astronautical Engineering
  • It is the section of aerospace engineering where its main focus is on the flying objects outside the earth’s atmosphere.
  • Examples – Rockets, Satellites, and more

Que. What are the scopes of aerospace engineering in India?

Ans. There is a huge scope for aerospace engineers in India. Some of the major scopes are as follows.

  • You can get great opportunities in private companies, where you can learn professional skills.
  • You will learn various skills which are helpful in getting various jobs in India.
  • Also, you will learn many new concepts and their applications in the real life.
  • There is a huge opportunity in the government field too. Many government organizations hire an aerospace engineer for their projects in India.
  • The pay scales of the various post in this field is very high. You will get a great salary. Also, the salary is backed with many financial incentives too.
  • Moreover, you can also get a chance to work in foreign companies. Many foreign recruiters hire top students from India for various posts.

Que. What are the qualifications you need too to get an aerospace engineering degree in India?

Ans. The qualifications to get an aerospace degree in India are as follows.

Course Qualification
For UG course
  • Must complete 10+2 from recognized board or university
  • Also a minimum of 50% in the +2 exam
For PG course
  • Must complete UG course from a recognized university
  • Also a minimum of 45% in UG course
For Ph.D. Course
  • Must complete PG from a recognized university
  • Also a minimum of 45% in PG course

Que. What is the average fee of an aerospace engineering program?

Ans. The average fee varies from university to university. Some private university has higher fee while the public university has a lower fee. However, the average fee is between 1 lacs – 15 lacs.

Que. What is the average placement of an aerospace engineering program?

Ans. Similarly, the placement is also based on the university. Students studying in a good university get a good placement. While student studying in average university gets average placement. However, the average placement is between 2 lacs – 60 lacs.

Que. Can we pursue aerospace engineering from distance mode?

Ans. Yes, we can pursue aerospace engineering courses from a distance mode. In fact, there are many universities offering anatomy courses from distance mode. However, IGNOU is one of the best universities for this course in distance mode.  Also, there are many online certifications for networking technologies courses. Some of them are Udemy, Coursera, and more which provides the best certification in the market.

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List of Universities offering Aerospace Engineering
List of Universities