There are several academic and professional courses available at different Universities in India. Among all of them B.Voc. is one of the most popular skill development courses. However, it is not an academic course but equivalent to it. These courses have similar three years course duration as well. And the candidate can join the B.Voc. course after 12th standard as well. Furthermore, the course duration of such courses is three years but have multiple exit points. It means a candidate can take exit after first year and moreover after second year as well.

Along with the three exit point this three-year B.Voc. course offers certifications at three levels as well. It provides diploma certificate after one year and advanced diploma certificate after two years. Moreover, it provides bachelors certificate after three years. Because of this prime feature, vocational courses are more popular among students. Hence, students are moving toward vocational courses instead of the degree level programs.

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Difference Between Academic Courses & Vocational Courses

Even though these are also three years programs but different from the academic degrees in many ways. It is not only because of the multilevel exit point but in the study level as well. Meanwhile, academic courses are the traditional way of study but B.Voc. courses are application-based. In respect of the career and job opportunity, B.Voc. courses give more opportunities. Moreover, it gives in relaxation in academic pursuit as well. If you want to pursue an academic course after B.Voc. then you can get some exemption as well. This exemption is might be related to a subject or year as well.

As far the students after 12th standards start looking for a job-oriented course, in such purview B.Voc. course plays a vital role. Nowadays, several skill development B.Voc. courses from medical lab technology to food processing are being pursued by students. These B.Voc. programs offer practical knowledge along with the textbook study of the real work environments. This is one of the prominent characteristics of such courses that these focus on practical knowledge rather than theoretical part.

More About B.Voc. Course

These bachelor courses are vocational courses. Many universities and institutes in India offer these UGC B.Voc. courses. Furthermore, admission to such vocational courses needs some skill set as well. Some of them are as mentioned below:

  • An aspirant should be focused and hardworking
  • Commitment towards learning must be there moreover
  • He should be confident and innovative
  • Good communicator along with
  • Ability to work with a team
  • Must follow the professional ethics and values
  • Must be a good observer and problem solver
  • Keen to learn new techniques

All About B.Voc. Courses

B.Voc. Duration 3 Years
B.Voc. Admission Criteria Merit/Entrance Based
B.Voc. Eligibility 12th Pass from recognized board
B.Voc. Course Level Undergraduate/Graduate
B.Voc. Fees Average 1LPA to 5LPA
B.Voc. Full Form Vocational
B.Voc. Average Placement Package 2LPA-5LPA for fresher
B.Voc. Average Cut Off Aggregate 50%-60% in 12th

B.Voc: Eligibility Criteria

A candidate willing to join B.Voc. course, firstly should have to pass the 12th with an aggregate of 50% to 60% marks. Furthermore, SC/ST, OBC, minority and Disabled candidates get a 5% to 10% relaxation.

B.Voc: Fees Structure

College/University Type Average Fees
Central Universities Rs. 1LPA to 2 LPA
Private Universities Rs. 3LPA to 5 LPA
Deemed/Deemed to be Universities Rs. 3LPA to 5 LPA
State Universities Rs. 2LPA to 3LPA
Private Colleges Rs. 3LPA to 5 LPA
Government Colleges Rs. 2LPA to 3LPA
Institutes of National Importance Rs. 1LPA to 3LPA

B.Voc: Admission Process

B.Voc. courses are three years undergraduate vocational programs, and the admission depends on qualifying 12th standard with an aggregate of 50% to 60% from the recognized board. Thereafter, in some specialized courses admission relies on entrance exams as well.

After clearing the qualifying exam, the candidate can apply for the B.Voc. courses admission. For this purpose, the candidate has to apply first for the registration. So, universities, affiliated institutes and colleges organizing these courses issue registration forms every year. Thereafter on the basis of merit list basis, the candidate has to visit the college for registration purposes. Candidates then must submit the application form along with required documents such as proof of passing the qualifying exam, fee, and valid ID and address proof etc.

List of Top B.Voc. Specializations

1. ITI

Industrial Training International is one of the renowned vocational courses in India. However, it is not an academic course but two years course after the 10th standard is equivalent to 12th. And an ITI student can apply for academic technical courses such as B.Tech in mechanical, electronic etc. Apart from pursuing further education he gets job opportunities as well.

Specialized Courses: Even though it is not an academic course but ITI provide, specialization technical stream. In this vocational course, the candidate has to choose the subject for specialization first. ITI offers skill development in the following streams:

  • Rigging and Signal person: ITI is a pioneer in this stream and has been providing training for more than 30 years. However, it’s a nation wise vocational course but offers corporate training at the international level as well.
  • Cranes: This course provides end to end training on cranes operation. The training can be organized at the training centre and sometimes at the real-time location.
  • Lift Planning & Management: In this program, students learn about lift management, site supervision, crane assembly, accident investigation, health and safety management.
  • NCCCO Certification: This is a National certification course for crane operators. It provides nationally accredited certification to the trainee.
  • Manufacturer training: ITI provides manufacturing training as well. For this purpose, it does tie-up with several manufacturing companies of the different zone. And provide real-time training to the students.
  • Technical Lectures: Along with technical education it offers teaching training in a real-time environment. In this ITI course trainees get the chance to deliver the lectures.

These above-mentioned courses are for one year to two years offering real-time practical training coupled with text study.

Average Fee: Rs. 1 LPA as per the course

Types of Jobs: Construction, Agriculture, Textile, Energy, production moreover in IT sector

Average Salary: Rs. 3 LPA to 5 LPA

2. Retail Management

Career growth in retail management is tremendously growing these days. Hence, institutes and universities like Deen Dayal Upadhyay Kaushal Kendra offer such courses to help students. This course covers tall aspects of retail management. The curriculum of the course is in such a way that it not only provides you study on retail sales only but also the entire management.

Average Fee: Rs. 1.5 LPA as per the course

Eligibility Criteria: 12th standard

Types of Jobs: Departmental Store, Retail Banking, Mall,

Average Salary: Rs. 3 LPA to 5 LPA

Subjects/Syllabus for Retail Management B.Voc. in India

1st Sem Communication Skill, fundament of IT, Product Display and Visual Merchandising, Customer Relationship Management in Retail, Sales Processing and Sales management in Retail
2nd Sem Soft Skill and Personality Development, Business Ethics, Organizational communication in Retail, Human Resource Management in Retail, Organizational effectiveness in Retail, Summer Industrial Training
3rd Sem Value Education and Human Rights, E-Commerce, Store operations and Performance Management, Retail Servicing and Marketing
4th Sem Environmental studies, Project Management, Leadership in Retail, Budgetary control in Retail, Management Information System in Retail, Summer Industrial Training
5th Sem Critical Thinking and Elementary Statics, Introduction to research methodology and report writing, Accounting Applications, Business law for Retail, Business Environment
6th Sem Entrepreneurship development  program, Total quality management, Financial Management  for Retail, Marketing Management, Human Resource Management

3. Hardware and Networking

There is no doubt to say that the IT sector is spreading out day by day. Hence, as a result of that various software, hardware and networking courses are mushrooming. Even though there are several academic courses in this stream, but vocational hardware networking course is much more in trend. And most students after clearing the 12th standard are joining this hardware and networking course. This course offers the study of computer hardware and networking and quick job opportunities. After doing this course, a student becomes hardware and networking engineer.

Average Fee: Rs. 2 LPA as per the course

Course Duration: 1-year diploma course, 2 years advanced course, moreover 3 years Degree course

Admission Criteria: Merit Basis

Types of Jobs: School, College, IT sector

Average Salary: Rs. 20 LPA

Subjects/Syllabus for Hardware and Networking B.Voc. in India

1st Sem Communication Skill, the fundamentals of IT, Computer Hardware, Network Fundamental, and Practical
2nd Sem Soft Skill and Personality Development, Basic Ethics, Personal Computing System,  Computer Hardware and Trouble Shooting, Practical on Networking-II, Summer Industry Training
3rd Sem Value Education and Human Rights, E-Commerce, Routing and Switching, Routing configuration and Network connectivity
4th Sem Environmental studies, Project Management, Window Server Administration, Network Administration & troubleshooting, Switching configuration and network connectivity, Summer Industrial Training
5th Sem Critical Thinking and Elementary Statics, Introduction to research methodology and report writing, Linux operating system, VMware workstation, Advanced Routing and Switching
6th Sem Entrepreneurship development  program, Total quality management, Wireless communication and networking, firewall, Implementation of Advanced IP routing,  summer industrial /In-house training and comprehensive Viva

4. Fashion Technology and Apparel Design

This is one of the most evergreen and most popular courses in India. This course offers a study of fashion technology and apparel designs. It provides complete knowledge of the fashion industry, design, colour, sketching etc. After completing this course, a candidate can start their own business and get entry into the fashion world with a new design.

Average Fee: Rs. 3 LPA as per the course

Eligibility Criteria- 10 +2

Admission Criteria- Merit Basis

Course Duration-One year Diploma, and 2 years Advanced Diploma

Types of Jobs: Fashion world, own business

Average Salary: Rs. 40 LPA

1st Sem Communication skill, Fundamental of Information Technology, Basic Element of Design, Basic Sewing Technique, surface ornament technique.
2nd Sem Soft skills and personality development, Business ethics, Pattern making and draping, Concept of Fashion and apparel Design, Apparel construction and Basic Techniques  Summer Industrial Training
3rd Sem Value education and human rights, E-Commerce, Apparel Industry and quality Control, Fundamental of Marketing and Fabric Technology, Computer aided designing
4th Sem Environmental studies, Project Management, Fabric Handling & Raw Materials, Design Development and ,Merchandising, Computer Aided Designing-II, Summer Industrial  Training
5th Sem Critical thinking and Elementary Statistics, Introduction to research methodology and report writing, Pattern development and Report writing, Fabric Techniques and Prototype Development, Pattern development through CAD/CAM
6th Sem Entrepreneurship Development Program, Total Quality Management, Website handling and advance CAD/CAM, Apparel Construction advance techniques, Portfolio Development, Food plant layout, process equipment design, Winter Industrial /In-house Training and comprehensive  Viva

5.  Food Processing & Preservation

This vocational course in food processing and preservation provides an in depth study of hygienic food processing. Along with processing, students can learn about preservation techniques. After completing this course, a student can apply in hotels, restaurants and can also apply for government jobs as well. Moreover, one can start his own business as well.

Average Fee: Rs. 2.5 LPA as per the course

Course Duration: 1 year diploma course, 2 years advanced course, moreover 3 years Degree course

Types of Jobs: Hotel, Restaurant, Government job, own business

Average Salary: Rs. 5 LPA

1st Sem Communication skill, Fundamental of Information Technology, Bakery and confectionery, Dairy Science and Technology, Food Quality Assurance
2nd Sem Soft skills and personality development, Business ethics, Food packaging Technology, Industrial safety, Hazard and Prevention, Food Plan Layout, Summer Industrial Training
3rd Sem Value education and human rights, Project management, Introduction to food microbiology, Food analysis: Tools and Technique, Documentation and record keeping in food industry
4th Sem Environmental studies, E-Commerce, Essential of food hygiene, Food Pathogens, Food safety standards and regulation, Summer Industrial  Training
5th Sem Entrepreneurship Development-I, Research methods and statistics-I, Food Technology, Cereal and Pulse Technology, Bakery and Confectionery Technology
6th Sem Entrepreneurship Development-II, Research methods and statistics-II, case study related to agribusiness and retail management, food packaging and industrial waste treatment, plantation product and technology of spices, food plant layout and process equipment design, Project work

6. Diploma in Medical Lab Technology

There is a bachelor’s vocational course in medical as well. However, this course offers education about different aspects of lab technology. This is a medical course hence needs science biology in the 12th standard. After finishing this course candidates get the opportunity to work as a lab assistant or in charge in a hospital or path lab.

Course Duration- 1-year diploma course, 2 years advanced course, moreover 3 years Degree course

Types of Jobs: Hospital, Path lab

Average Fee: Rs. 2.5 LPA as per the course

Admission Criteria- Merit Basis

Average Salary: Rs. 3 LPA to 5 LPA 2

Subjects/Syllabus for Diploma in Medical Lab Technology B.Voc. in India

1st Sem Basics of Anatomy, Biochemistry, Hematology, Microbiology, Histotechnology
2nd Sem Basic of Physiology, Biochemistry, Hematology, Microbiology, Internship

7.  Interior Design

This is a tremendously growing business in India where designers couple with architects to work on different infrastructures. Accordingly, institutes and colleges offer B.Voc. courses in interior designing and architecture as well.

Ability to understand the technical environment Team work ability
Scientific Aptitude Drawing knowledge
Analytics Visual Sensitivity
Colour art Target oriented
Good Communication skill Texture, material and trends knowledge
Theatre and acting Soil and water conversion
Interior design Beauty and wellness
Medical Lab Technology Green House Technology
Food Science Data Analyst

8.  Other Specialized courses

Retail Management Data Analyst
Web Technology Fashion Technology and Apparel Designing
Organic Agriculture Hospitality and Tourism
Printing & Publication Tea Husbandry & Technology
Automobile Animation
Food Processing & Quality Management Applied Computer Technology
Health Care Software Development
Theatre and acting Soil and water conversion
Interior design Beauty and wellness
Medical Lab Technology Green House Technology
Food Science Data Analyst

Skills Required for B.Voc. in India

  • Focus
  • Hard work
  • Commitment
  • Confidence
  • Patience
  • Innovation
  • Good communication
  • Analytical ability
  • Enthusiastic
  • Value professional ethics
  • Ability to work in a team

Jobs After B.Voc. in India

Job Name Average Pay (Per Annum)
Financial Analyst Rs.4 Lac – 5 Lac
Accountant Rs. 3LPA –4LPA
Food Technologist Rs. 4LPA- 6LPA
Beautician Rs. 2LPA-4 LPA
Product Development Engineer Rs.5LPA- 7LPA
Design Engineer Rs.5LPA- 7LPA
Computer Operator Rs. 1LP-3LPA
Automobile Engineer

Research Scientist

Rs. 2LPA-4 LPA
Biochemist Rs. 2.5LPA- 4 .5LPA
Home Economist Rs. 4LPA- 8 LPA
Teacher Rs. 2LPA-4 LPA

Top Employers for B.Voc. in India

  • Amul- The taste of India- It is an Indian dairy serving since 1946
  • Nestle- Good Food Good life
  • Dabur- Celebrate life
  • Parle- The tasty healthy food: World’s largest selling
  • L&T- It’s all about Imagineering
  • Mahindra &Mahindra- Work hard and play hard
  • Bajaj Auto- The World’s favourite Indian
  • Toyota- Let’s go places
  • Hyundai- New thinking new possibilities
  • Volkswagen- Das auto

Top B.Voc. Colleges in India

College Name
Ramni Ranjan Jhunjhunwala college,Mumbai
Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Chennai
HR College of Commerce and Economics, Mumbai.
Jain University, Bangalore
Jai Hind College, Mumbai
Loyola College, Chennai.
SS Jain Subodh PG College Jaipur
DAV College Hoshiarpur
Derozio memorial college Kolkata
Dakshin Karmup college, Nalbari

Top B.Voc. Universities in India

College Name
Delhi University
Mewar University, Chittorgarh
Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar
Indira Gandhi National Tribal university
Cochin University of Science and Technology
Centurion University of Technology & Management
Dr. Babasahab Ambedkar Marthwada university.
Shri Krishna University Chhattarpur
K.N Modi University, Jaipur
Shri Kaushal Das University, Hanumangarh

Frequently Asked Questions about the B.Voc.

Is B VOC a bachelor’s degree?

Yes, B.Voc. is a recognized bachelor’s degree in India. However, it is not an entirely academic program but considered equivalent to it. These B.Voc. courses are skill development programs for particular trades. These vocational courses are different from traditional academic courses. They are more trade and job oriented and affordable courses as well.

What is B.Voc. salary?

B.Voc. courses are not entirely academic, but these are job oriented as well. And after completing the course, a candidate can apply for a job in the respective field as well. However, there are several B.Voc. courses for different businesses hence the salary may vary from trade to trade. The average salary after B.Voc. is between Rs. 3LPA to 4LPA.

Which B.Voc. course is best?

There are several vocational courses for different business types, hence it is unfair to choose one. A course that is affordable and helpful in getting a job is the one that a student must pursue. However, it also depends if a student likes the type of subject or not. So, a candidate has to find such a course of his interest and education that can help him to get a job and promotion as well.

What does B.Voc. degree mean?

B.Voc. is a skill development program. However, it is a degree program as well but considered a bachelor program too. Nevertheless, a candidate can join it as a diploma course after 12th as bachelors in the vocational course. There are several types of B.Voc. courses in India such as Retail Management, ITI, course in a medical lab. All these courses are vocational courses and earlier job-oriented as well.

Which is better BSc or B.Voc.?

BSc in Physics, Chemistry and math/biology is more about theoretical knowledge. B.Voc. in medical lab or ITI do focus on practical knowledge. So, if you want to pursue further next-level study like masters you can join B.Sc. But if you want practical knowledge and utilize it in your job then B.Voc. is better. However, on the business front, there are several B.Voc. courses a student can pursue after 12th. Moreover, some B.Voc. courses at ITI offer relaxation in further academic courses (B. Tech) as well.

Is B.Voc. a good degree?

Firstly B.Voc. is not an entirely academic degree program. It is actually a skill development course. It gives more practical knowledge and respective specialization in the subject. Sometimes you can also take benefits of B.Voc. in further academic courses as well. It is less expensive, and job-oriented as well. After considering all such aspects, B.Voc. courses are definitely good skill development courses.

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List of Universities offering BVoc
List of Universities