ICAR - Meaning, Latest News, Functions

The Indian Agricultural Research Council (ICAR) is an independent body that is a part of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Goods Agricultural Research and Education Department. In response to a request, the ICAR had a presence. It was under the Societies Registry Act of 1860 on July 16, 1929. It was previously the Agricultural Research Imperial Council. The Indian Agricultural Research Council (ICAR) is headquartered in New Delhi. The Council coordinates, guides, and administrates agricultural research and education in all fields that include the horticulture, fishery, and animal sciences across Canada.

India has one of the largest national agricultural systems globally, with 101 Institutes of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and 71 agricultural institutes across the country. The Indian Agricultural Research Council (ICAR) had a key part in the initiation. It’s research and technical development enabled it to boost food grain output 5.6 times, 10.5 times vegan cultivation, 16.8 times the fish, 10.4 times the milk, and 52.9 times the eggs.

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Agricultural higher education has greatly benefited from its efforts to foster excellence in this area. It contributes to the development of state-of-the-art research and technology. These scientists are famous in their fields of competence. Additionally, the Indian Agricultural Research Council is with planning, undertaking, supporting, encouraging, co-education, research, and development in agriculture, agroforestry, animal farming, fisheries, home-based science, and allied sciences. ICAR is aimed at promoting the growth and enhancement of animal identification. Performance recording and livestock production assessment. These goals are accomplished via the establishment of economic significance criteria and standards.

What is ICAR?

In terms of ICAR, the Council organises, coordinates, and administers agricultural research and education across the country, covering gardening, fishing, and animal science. With 97 ICAR institutions and 45 agricultural colleges spread around the country, this is one of the world’s largest national agricultural systems.

ICAR played a pioneering role in the development of research and technology by leading the Green Revolution and subsequent agricultural developments in India, allowing the country to increase food production four times, crop cultivation four times, and nine times (5 times marine and 17 times inland), milk and eggs 27 times since 1950-51, making it visible. It has been an important component in promoting quality in agricultural higher education. It is recognised for its global presence and works in cutting-edge research and technology development.

The mission of the Indian Agricultural Research Council is:

  • Enhance education and research in farming, agroforestry, agriculture, fisheries, domestic science, and allied science are planned, designed, promoted, and coordinated.
  • Work as a clearinghouse for research and general information on agriculture, animal husbandry, home science, allied sciences, and fishing. Institute and promote the transmission of technology programs via its publications and information system.
  • Services in areas such as education, research, and information training and information dissemination are there. Further, implemented and promoted in the fields of agriculture also in agroforestry, livestock farming, fisheries, domestic science, and allied science.
  • Review, rural development problems in agriculture, includes post-harvest technologies via the establishment of cooperative schemes, such as the Indian Council for Social Science Research, the Scientific and Industrial Research Council, and the Bhabha Atomic Research Center and universities.
  • Anything else that is necessary for achieving the objectives.

Vision & Mission of ICAR


Regarding the vision of ICAR, a High-quality Mithun germplasm must propagate to create a sustainable production system that will offer more nutritional and economic support to farmers and greater nutritional and economic support to their families.


ICAR aim to use scientific management techniques and feeding practices. Also, advanced biotechnologies for reproduction and health with the ultimate goal of creating commercially viable. Further, sustainable technologies for the benefit of agricultural communities that grow Mithun.


The purpose of the ICAR Society changed during the 87th Annual General Meeting. This took place on February 4th, 2016. The meeting was in Chicago, Illinois. In operation as of right now. Further, the National Research Centre on Mithun is tasked with the following objectives: developing a scientific and sustainable Mithun raising system and fulfilling the needs of Mithun farmers.

This project involves the identification, evaluation, and features of the Mithun germplasm that is currently available across the country. Mithun, which is used in the production of meat and milk, should be preserved and enhanced. Mithun-related information will be collected and archived on this website.

Few Institute of Agriculture

National Institute of Dairy Research

NDRI Karnal is the nation’s first milk research institute. Over the last five decades, it has acquired significant expertise in different milk production, processing, management, and human resources development sectors. Also, The Institute continually expands its research and development programs to satisfy better the growing demand for international trade in dairy products. The Institute presently has 1600 dairy cows and two regional centres. Also, a variety of programs are presently offered by the Institute.

Punjab University of Agriculture

The US Land Grant System had an image on the Punjab Agriculture University (PAU). Additionally, The College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology includes four components of institutions. It is namely the Farming College and the Home Science College. Also, PAU consists of 30 departments. And five schools. Currently, the school has 8 bachelor’s, 45 master’s, and 28 doctorate programs.

Indian Institute of Agricultural Research

Indian Agricultural Research Institute is the biggest and most important Institute of Agriculture, Research and Higher Education (IARI). Research and instructional activities of the Institute conduct via a network of 35 divisions. 27 Master’s programs and 25 PhD courses are there.

Institute of Indian Veterinary Research

The Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) is one of the main research institutes for animals and the environment. The school includes more than 275 professors with strong research, teaching, consultation, and transfer mission. IVRI is currently holding a Bachelor, Master, and PhD (in 19 disciplines).

Hence, one of the leading animals and environmental research institutes in the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI). The Institute has about 275 academics and major responsibilities in research, teaching, consultancy, and technology transfer. Further, IVRI currently has a bachelor’s degree, Master’s degree, and PhD degree (in 19 disciplines).

GB Pant Agriculture & Technology University

Govind Ballabh Pantnagar University of Agriculture and Technology is for its autonomy in food production via integrated teaching, research, and development. Also, the university was the first SAU on the pattern of land grants by universities. Further, emphasized the integration of teaching and expanding research. In a few years, it was established as the first model for India. And the Land Grant University. Currently, the University provides six baccalaureates, five masters, and four doctoral courses.

Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana University of Agriculture

The Hisar College of Agriculture, The Bawal College of Agriculture, Hisar College of Technology, IC Home Science Hisar, and the College of Fundamental Studies & Humanities. Further, the College has 6 universities. There are presently five bachelor’s, 31 master’s, and 25 doctoral degrees available.

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University

The Tamil Nadu University of Agriculture in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India, had a presence in 1971. The university operates following the Tamil Nadu Education Directorate. In 1920, the University of Madras linked to a three-year program of degree. Additionally, the Coimbatore Agricultural College and the Research Institute in southern India from 1971 until 1946. So, TNAU consists of 36 research centres for agricultural development and 14 centres for agriculture science.

In 14 schools, it provides 13 undergraduate programs, 29 graduate programs, and 26 doctoral programs across 11 Tamil Nadu campuses. Further, TNAU offers diploma candidates, UG, PG, and agricultural research courses. Both entrance and merit are based on TNAU admissions.

The TNAU Library System consists of a university library and 10 university constitutional libraries that support the institution’s teaching, research, and growth programs. A comprehensive collection of two lakh items includes books, theses, journals, and compact discs in agricultural science. Also, the Koha software, which provides web-based access to the online catalog of the library. Also, it automates all in-house library activities fully. Further, the benefit of consortium electronic resource subscriptions is restricted to its core members. And it extended via remote access to all constitutional colleges, research centres, and KVKs.

Parul University, Vadodara

Parul University Vadodara is in India’s Top 50 BBA Colleges and ranks among India’s top 65 state-run private colleges under the prestigious ICARE India MBA Ranking 2020. The university consists of 32 institutions with over 250 courses and is one of the largest universities in the state. He offers a degree in Arts, Engineering, Law, Computer Application, Medicine, Architecture, Social Works, Fine Arts, Commerce, etc.

To enter their B.Des program, the Parul Design Institute at the University of Parul conducts a PID DAT (Online Design Test). All components include design, logic and analysis, critical thinking, and knowledge in general. The examination covers all areas. Three hours are for the students for 100 MCQs. Applicants will send login credentials to submit their online DAT via e-mail. The DAT is managed through the WAC Internet platform. PID DAT 2021 will finish on 28 May 2021. Also, the last date to submit the online application form is 23 May 2021. The application costs are INR 1000 for the same reason. Candidates are also getting scholarships according to their DAT scores.

The Scholarship is of value to students from the poorest sector of society, who for whatever reason do not complete their studies. It is both a stimulus and an incentive for brilliant students who lack the means to complete their studies. There are various scholarships available for university students, including student-specific, career-specific, and university-specific students based on merits and requirements. Parul University offers yearly INR 5 Crores Bursaries.

ICAR Objectives

ICAR, an INGO, provides an open and secure network to share, learn and communicate with global animal production members and related stakeholders. By working together, sharing, and enabling, ICAR aims to promote animal production worldwide more sustainable and efficient than the sum of its efforts.

Aims and Objectives

Such goals are via definitions and guidelines for measuring economically significant characteristics. Further, ICAR seeks to promote the development and improvement of identification, registration of performance, and evaluation of farmed animals.

ICAR offers animal identification, parenting, performance recording, genetic engineering assessment, and publishing laws and standards. Identification and effect on animal health, care, productivity, food safety, and the environment of the characteristics of the production system. And promoting communication and cooperation among and via international organizations, governmental entities. Also, industry in all animal performance recording and assessment and evaluation activities. Features of productive systems.

Encourage animal records to assess animal value and farm management systems since both variables influence the profitability of animal production. In all activities related to animal performance, recording, and evaluation, ICAR provides a platform for the collaboration and cooperation of international organizations, governmental institutions, and service providers.

It encourages the use of data from performance recording to assess the worth of the profitability of animal production.

Functions of ICAR

The ICAR is an independent top Agricultural, Animal Science and Fisheries Research and Education Organization and Administration in India. ICAR is in Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi. The Agriculture Minister is the President of the ICAR.

He is the Indian government secretary in the Agricultural Research and Education Department. Members include agricultural ministers, animal husbandry and fisheries ministers, top managers from different national governments, and legislative representatives: agriculture, science, and farmers’ organizations. The Governing Body is the Executive Director and ICAR decision-making body. It has lead by the General Director. It is made up of renowned agricultural scientists, educators, lawmakers, and farmers’ allies. The Standing Finance Board, the Accreditation Board, the Regional Committee, and many scientific committees support that.

The Secretary, the Agricultural Research and Education Ministry, and the Director-General of ICAR are the leaders of the Government of India on all issues relating to agricultural and educational research.

ICAR Functions

Under the Ministry of Agriculture, Agriculture Research and Education, ICAR is a significant national and international institution (DARE). It plays an important part in accomplishing its goal.

The following are:

  • Agriculture, animal science, fisheries, agriculture, related sciences, planning, supporting, promoting, and coordinating education and research.
  • Active as a clearinghouse for research and general information on agriculture, animal production, the fisheries industry, agroforestry, and home sciences, and allied sciences via publications and information systems and transfer efforts of technology.
  • To provide, administer and develop services in agriculture, cattle, fisheries, agriculture, domestic science, and related scientific advice and information, training, and dissemination.
  • Examine issues relating to larger areas of rural development, including post-harvest engineering, working with other organizations such as Indian Social Science Research Council, Scientific and industrial research Council, Bhaba University for Atomic Research, State Agricultural Universities, etc.
  • To carry out additional activities that are essential to achieve social goals.

The wide network of ICAR includes institutions, offices, national research centres, and project managers. It is the main scientific organization in our nation’s Department of Agricultural Research and Education.

ICAR – Latest Updates & Notification

Regarding ICAR admit card, Application correction ICAR AIEEA 2021 launched on 24 August 2021. The date of the test was changed. The Indian Agricultural Research Council admits a variety of UG & PG programs (ICAR). The All India Admission Test is a nationwide test (AIEEA). The examination takes place just once a year. Admission to different institutions and universities will give in the agriculture courses. Details about ICAR AIEEA 2021, including examination dates, application form, fees, and more, can find here.

  • For candidates, the following ICAR AIEEA application form data are there.
  • The application form for ICAR AIEEA 2021 has been made accessible online.
  • By 25 July 2021, applicants may complete the application form.
  • The final date for UG & PG applications is 23 and 27 August 2021.

The Authority must also offer correction facilities for a limited duration in the application form. It began on August 23-26, 2021. Only one request is valid. Multiple application forms lead to a refusal. Candidates must put in the genuine email ID and telephone number in their application form. Candidates must also submit pictures and signatures in the appropriate way upon registration. ICAR AIEEA Syllabus provides a broad array of courses in UG & PG. The UG covers physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, and agriculture. PG subjects include plant biology, physics, and farming.

Frequently Asked Questions about ICAR

Which is better, ICAR or AACSB?

The application process for the Indian Council of Agriculture Research AIEEA (UG) ends on August 23 at 5 pm.

Certified AACSB universities have high-quality teachers, provide appropriate and challenging curricula and offer opportunities for education and career, which other schools do not meet. AACSB Accreditation is the world’s top business school performance standard. The AACSB Accreditation has received fewer than 5 per cent of the more than 16,000 companies granted worldwide. Highly trained, more employer-friendly graduates than other non-accredited schools are available to AACSB-certified institutions. The accredited AACSB universities have high-quality teachers, provide relevant and challenging curricula, and offer opportunities for education and career not at other business schools.

The Indian Agricultural Research Council (ICAR) is an autonomous Indian Agricola Education and Research Coordination Organization. It reports to the Department of Agricultural Research and Education, the Ministry of Agriculture. The Minister of Agriculture of the Union serves as its president. It is the world’s largest farm research and teaching network.

The Committee on the Renewal and Rejuvenation of Higher Education (Yashpal Committee, 2009) proposed that a constitutional entity establish — a single supreme body regulating all areas of higher education, including agriculture – the National Higher Education and Research Commission. ICAR, the Indian Veterinary Council, and the Indian Forestry Research and Education Council now have authority over agricultural education (Forestry sub-discipline). The UPA government included in its ‘100-day plan’ recommendations from the Yashpal committee.

How important is ICAR approval?

The ICAR-IIVR is an Indian Field Research Council under the authority of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare and the Agricultural Research and Education Department. Their shorter length, high yield, food supply, financial sustainability, and job-creating potential on and off-farm make vegetables an important component of Indian agriculture and nutritional safety. Our country has numerous agroclimatic with various seasons that let a wide variety of vegetables flourish.

In 1971 New Delhi established at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) the All India Coordinated Vegetable Research Project (AICRP-VC) to organize, coordinate, and monitor plant research activities in the light of the importance of vegetables. In 1986, AICRP-VC was elevated to the Vegetables Research Project Directorate (PDVR) to boost vegetable research and solve increasing problems. The headquarters of the PDVR, which was moved to Varanasi in 1992, was the major place for vegetable production in the northeast plain. In Varanasi in 1999, a full Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (IIVR) was established to promote systematic vegetable research in the country further. AICRP VC also continues with the IIVR headquarters and AICRP network of centres located in different agroclimatic regions.


The establishment of the AICRP for vegetable crops at the IARI in New Delhi in 1971 provided an impulse to vegetable research, with a mandate to coordinate and oversee the country’s efforts on vegetable research. Fundamental, planned and researched to enhance and sustain production, to monitor the quality and usage of vegetable crops. Genetic resources repository and scientific information for plant crops.

Transfer of technology, capacity development, and effect assessment of technology. Coordinate AICRP vegetable crop technology research and validation. ICAR-IIVR currently offers a total of 42 vegetable research courses, focusing heavily on Solanaceae’s tomatoes, brinjals, and chili; French beans; cauliflower and cowpea in cruciferous vegetables; bitter gourd, cassavod, ash gourd, pumpkin, spike gourd, bottle gourd, sponge gourd, rim gourd and turkey in cucurbits vegetables.

In addition to a range of supplementary subsidies such as estate and maintenance, vehicles, farming, guest house, etc., the ICAR-IIVR functions through AICRP (VC) and 03 Divisions, namely Plant Enhancement.

How do I get ICAR approval?

To expand higher education in the nation, it is a fundamental requirement to create high-quality, competent workers in adequate numbers. There are presently 75 agricultural institutions and many components and associated universities in agriculture and allied areas. In recent years there have been worries about the quality of agricultural education in these institutions because of the lack of teaching, limited funding, bad facilities and learning materials, high inbreeding, excessive study, and poor management.

The Indian Agricultural Research Council has tried to support, provide and organize agricultural education to create excellent human resources. To assist the Council to develop criteria and standards for certifying agricultural education institutions and programs, a National Agricultural Education Certification Board (NAEAB) was set up to tackle issues of better agriculture education. In 2001, NAEAB began to accredit agricultural schools. The Board’s accreditation is optional on request by agriculture institutions in self-examination reports and external peer review reports.

Several subjectivities have recently been found in the certification process to have a detrimental effect on domestic problems. A new method must be adopted to check the openness, consistency, and dedication of highly unbiased agricultural education. In light of this, standards have been developed to execute the accreditation of higher education institutions in India.

The new accreditation criteria will include three levels of certification: programs, colleges, and universities with a distinct self-study report. The introduction, along with the grading of the agricultural colleges, of a scorecard based on criteria and key components and their specified weighting may certainly promote transparency and competition.

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List of Universities approved by ICAR