UPSC CMS: Exam Syllabus, Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips

UPSC CMS: Exam Syllabus, Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips
September 6, 2021
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The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has released the syllabus of UPSC CMS Examination 2022 on the official website. The first part of the exam will have 2 papers, paper 1 will contain 250 marks and the time duration is 2 hours with 120 questions. There will be 96 questions from general medicine and 24 questions from the Pediatrics section according to UPSC CMS Exam Pattern.

The Paper 2 of the part 1 exam will be divided into three sections which are Gynecology, Surgery & Obstetrics, and Preventive & Social Medicine. Each section contains 40 questions and a total 120 number of questions, the time duration for paper 2 is also 2 hours with 250 marks.

The second part of the UPSC CMS examination is the Personality Test or Interview is of 100 marks. It includes general knowledge and awareness and also candidates’ analytical and critical thinking tests. It also consists of social behaviors, the integrity of character, and mental alertness.

Table of Contents

UPSC CMS Syllabus 2022 – Part I

As per the notification of UPSC, the complete recruitment process is divided into 2 stages First stage consists of 2 written papers, and the second stage consists of a Personality Test or Interview.

Below is the complete syllabus with each subject and topic covered in paper 1:

General Medicine

Cardiology Tropical medicine
Respiratory Diseases Snake Byte
Gastro-Intestinal Common Poisoning
Gastro Urinary Emergency Medicine
Neurology General
Hematology Psychiatry-Depression, psychosis, anxiety, bipolar diseases, and Schizophrenia
Endocrinology Musculoskeletal system
Metabolic disorders Disease of skin
Infections/Communicable Diseases a) Virus b) Rickets c) Bacterial d) Spirochaetal e) Protozoan f) Metazoan g) Fungus Nutrition/ Growth
Emphasis on medical procedures Critical Care Medicine
Patho physiological basis of diseases Vitamin deficiency


Common childhood Emergencies National programs related to child Health
Basic Newborn Care Accidents and poisonings in children
Normal Developmental Milestone Recognizing children with special needs and management
Birth Defects and counselling Immunity in children

Below is the complete syllabus of paper 2 with complete subjects and topics:

A)   Surgery

Urological surgery Neurosurgery
Anaesthesiology Orthopedic Surgery
General Surgery, Wounds, Infections, tumours, blood vessels, Breast, Head and Neck, Liver, bile, pancreas, Spleen. Abdominal wall and injuries, Sinuses/Cysts. Alimentary Tract Oesophagus Stomach Intestines Anus Developmental Otorhinolaryngology ENT
Diagnosis and management of common surgical ailments Wound Healing
Preoperative care of Surgical Patients Shock patio-physiology and management
Thoracic Surgery Ophthalmology
Medico legal and ethical issues of surgery Traumatology, Fluid and electrolyte management in surgery & Shock pathophysiology and management.

B)   Gynaecology and Obstetrics

Ante-natal conditions Post -Natal condition
Intra-natal conditions Management of complicated and normal labors
Applied Anatomy Uterus
Physiology of menstruation and fertilization Neoplasm in Genital Tract
Normal and safe delivery practices Displacement of uterus
Abortions High-Risk Pregnancy and management
Musicology examination in body and gynae including rape Infection in the Genital Tract
Family Planning:
Conventional contraceptives Medical Termination of pregnancy
UD and oral pills The operative procedure, sterilization, and organization of programs

C) Preventive Social and Community Medicine

Social and Community Medicine Knowledge of maternal and child wellness
Concept of health, disease and preventive Medicine Management of common health programs
General Epidemiology National Programmes
Demography and Health Statistics Maternal and Child Health
Communicable Diseases Medical Sociology And Health Education
Environmental Health International Health
Genetics and Health Occupational diseases
Nutrition and Health Non-communicable Diseases
Management of common health problems Ability to monitor national health programs
Knowledge of maternal and child wellness Ability to recognize, investigate, report, plan and manage community health problems including malnutrition and emergencies.


The candidates who will qualify the Part I of the examination will have to appear for the Part II of the Examination which is the Personality Test or Interview. This Personality Test will consist of 100 marks. The skills tested in this personality test are listed below:

Decision Making
Capability of Leadership
Intellectual Curiosity

Know More – UPSC CMS Admit Card and Interview call letter

UPSC CMS Exam Pattern 2021 – Part I & Part II

Part I of the UPSC CMS exam will be a written test with objective questions. Also, there will be a negative marking of 1/3 marks. Below is the complete exam pattern of the UPSC CMS Exam Part I and Part II:

Papers Parts of Paper Marks
Part I (Online test) Paper 1 (2 Hours) 250
  Paper 2 (2 hours) 250
Part II (Personality Test) Interview 100

Section-wise Marks: Part 1 (paper 1) General Medicine and Pediatrics

This paper consists of two papers which are General medicine having 96 questions and Pediatrics having 24 questions. Below is the section-wise mark for Paper I:

Subject No. of Questions Marks Time
General Medicine 96 250 Marks 2 Hours
Pediatrics 24    
Total 120    

Section-wise Marks: Part 1 (Paper 2) Preventive and Social Medicine, Surgery, Gynecology, and obstetrics

Below is the complete exam pattern of Paper 2 of the Party I examination which consist of 3 sections having 40 marks each:

Subject Questions Maximum Marks Time Duration
Surgery 40 250 marks 2 hours
Gynecology and obstetrics 40
Preventive and Social Medicine 40
Total 120

Recommended Books

The next important step for the preparation of the UPSC CMS exam is the choice of books, you have to select a book that covers the complete syllabus of the exam. Below is the list of the subject wise books for CMS Paper 1:

Books Author
Human Embryology Inderbir Singh
Textbook of Pathology Harsh Mohan
Biochemistry U. Satyanarayana
Preventive and Social Medicine K Park
Essentials of Forensic medicine and Toxicology Dr. K S Narayan Reddy
Medical Parasitology D.R. Arora
Human Anatomy B.D. Chaurasia
Pathologic Basis of Disease Robbins

Below is the list of subject-wise books for Paper 2:

Books Author
Medicine: Prep Manual for Undergraduates Praveen Aggrawal
Practical Aspects of Pediatrics Dr. Mayoor K Chheda
Clinical Methods in Medicine Clinical Skills and Practices S. N Chugh
Emergency Medicine S. N. Chugh
Illustrated Synopsis of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases Dr. Neena Khanna

Preparation Tips

Next is the Preparation for UPSC Combined Medical Exam, there are some important tips and tricks which you have to follow so that you can easily crack the exam. Below are the lists of some tips you should follow for the exam:

  • You should know the complete syllabus and exam pattern of the UPSC CMS Examination
  • Point out the important topics which you have to prepare first.
  • Prepare a good note which covers all the important topics.
  • Selection of Study material is also an important step.
  • Similarly, regular revision of each subject is also important.
  • Take regular Mock Tests as well.

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Q 1) What to study for UPSC CMS?

Ans: Candidates should study from recommended books for UPSC CMS 2022 exams as it will prepare candidates for written examination which has weightage of 500 marks and is divided into 2 parts. Candidates should study on various topics listed in the syllabus for CMS 2022 exam from the books for their preparations. Candidates must practice lot of mock test from previous year exam papers, helping them to understand difficulty level of the exam, Cut-off marks required for UPSC CMS exam, exam pattern, and type of questions asked in the exam.

Q 2) What is the salary of UPSC CMS?

Ans: The starting remuneration of UPSC CSE qualified medical officer in Central Health services department ranges from INR. 56,100 to INR. 1,77500.

Post Name


Assistant Medical Officer in Indian Ordnance factories Health Service under the Ministry of Defence

Pay Matrix Level 10 plus NPA

Assistant Divisional Medical Officer in the Railways

INR. 15,600 – 39100/- Per Month

GDMO in the New Delhi Municipal Council

INR. 56,100 to INR. 1,77,500/- per month

Junior Scale Post in the Central Health Service

INR. 56,100 to INR. 1,77,500/- per month

GDMO (General Duty Medical Officer) Gr. II in East, North, and South Delhi Municipal Corporation

INR. 15,600-39,100+ Grade Pay of INR. 5,400/- Per month

Q 3) How many seats are there in UPSC CMS?

Ans: As per the notification published by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) – exam conducting body for Combined Medical Services exam, there are total of 838 vacancies for the post of medical officer in various capacities that require candidate with UPSC CMS qualification as criteria of selection.

Q 4) Is UPSC CMS MCQ based?

Ans: Yes, UPSC CMS exam 2022 is a computer based exam that will have multiple choice questions with four (4) possible options to select from for correct answer. There are two papers each of 250 marks with 120 questions each. There will be a penalty for incorrect answer and one third of marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.

Q 5) I am a BDS student, can I apply for the UPSC CMS exam?

Ans: No, the Candidates who are BDS –bachelors in Dental surgery are not eligible to appear in UPSC CMS examination to become medical officer. The criteria for education qualification required are MBBS degree.

Q 6) What is the age limit for the UPSC Combined Medical Exam?

Ans: Candidates appearing UPSC CMS exam should be an MBBS students who have cleared their final written exams and are of age not above 32 years as on 1st of August 2022. In other words candidate must not have born earlier than 2nd August 1989.

Q 7) What are the fees of the application form for the UPSC CMS Exam?

Ans: The candidates from the General category appearing for UPSC CMS exam should pay exam fees of INR 200. The female candidates and candidates from SC/ST/PwD are exempted from the exam fees.

Q 8) How many candidates have filled the form for UPSC CMS Exam?

Ans: As per official notification from UPSC, total number of candidates filled in the application form to appear in UPSC CMS exam in year 2020-21 are 43,120 but only 20,213 have actually appeared in the written exam in 2020-21.



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