NDA: Latest Exam Syllabus, Pattern, Books & Preparation Tips

February 20, 2023

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

NDA Exam Syllabus 2022 & Exam Pattern

The NDA syllabus and pattern are decided by UPSC. According to the NDA exam pattern 2022, there will be two papers – Mathematics and GAT – with a total of 120 and 150 questions, respectively. The total time for each NDA 2022 paper is 2 hours and 30 minutes. Candidates must also be aware of the next negative marking. It is important for the candidates to pass the written exam to be eligible for the interview. Check out the table below for a summary of the NDA 2022 exam pattern:

NDA 2 2022MathematicsGeneral Ability Test
Exam Duration2 hours and 30 minutes2 hours and 30 minutes
No. of sections12 (English and General Knowledge)
Total no. of questions120150
Total marks300600 (English (200) + GK (400))
Marking scheme2.5 for correct and -0.83 for incorrect4 for correct and -1.33 for incorrect
MediumEnglish & Hindi English section.  GK section
Type of questionsMultiple Choice Questions (MCQs)Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

The NDA examination primarily consists of questions from the 10+2 level. Hence, candidates must know the basic concepts of all the subjects.

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NDA Exam 2022 Syllabus for Mathematics

Paper 1 of NDA has solely supported Mathematics. No modification is determined in NDA Syllabus 2022 from the previous year. The sub-sections during this half are basic-level mathematics.

Here are all necessary topics in the NDA syllabus 2022 for Paper 1, i.e. Mathematics:

Topics Topic includes
Algebra Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams, Binary system of numbers, Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, and argument, cube roots of unity, Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions, Quadratic equations with real coefficients, Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem, Logarithms and their applications, Cartesian product, Logarithms.
Trigonometry Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians, Trigonometrical ratios, Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae, Multiple and Sub-multiple angles, Inverse trigonometric functions, Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.
Differential Calculus Concept of a real-valued function–domain, range, and graph of a function, Composite functions, Notion of limit, Standard limits. Continuity of functions, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative, Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives, Increasing and decreasing functions, Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.
Vector Algebra Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product oftwo vectors, Vector product or cross product of two vectors,Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and ingeometrical problems.
Matrices and Determinants Types of matrices, operations on matrices, Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants, Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system, Distance formula, Equation of a line in various forms, Angle between two lines, Distance of a point from a line, Equation of a circle in standard, Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic, Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios, Equation two points, Direction Cosines and direction ratios, Equation of a plane and a line in various forms, Angle between two lines and angle between two planes, Equation of a sphere.
Integral Calculus and Differential Equations Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration bysubstitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraicexpressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions,Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of planeregions bounded by curves. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation,formation of a differential equation, General andparticular solution of a differential equations, solution of first orderand first degree differential equations of various types, Application in problems of growth and decay.
Statistics and Probability Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution, Graphical representation—Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon, Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode, Variance and standard deviation—determination and comparison, Correlation and regression.
Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical, Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems, Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems, Random variable as function on a sample space, Binomial distribution.

Download the E-Admit Card for NDA 2 Exam

NDA Exam 2022 Syllabus: General Ability Test

Paper 2 in NDA, i.e. the overall ability to take a look at judges a candidate’s basic awareness and English proficiency. This section is divided into two parts, English and General knowledge.

Part A: NDA English Syllabus

English question paper within the NDA exam is framed in such the simplest way that the aspirant understands, and their in-depth data of English may be examined. Within the following, the NDA 2022 English syllabus has been highlighted in a very detailed process:

  • Grammar and usage
  • Comprehension and cohesion
  • Spotting of errors
  • Para Jumbling
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Synonyms and antonyms
  • Vocabulary
  • Cloze test
  • Sentence correction and improvement
  • Idioms and proverbs
  • Completion of Sentence and Para

Part B: NDA General knowledge Syllabus

The question paper on General knowledge will cover current affairs, questions from Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography, and Current Events. NDA Syllabus 2022 of every topic is given below. The paper aims to check knowledge and intelligent understanding of the subject.

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NDA Physics Syllabus 2022

The table below includes the vital topics asked within the Physics section of the General Ability Test:

States of Matter and its properties, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer. Light and Sound (Properties), Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye.
Motion and Laws of Motion, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation. Magnet and its properties, Natural and Artificial Magnets, Earth as a Magnet
Work Energy and Power, elementary ideas of work Current and Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement ofElectrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays.
Modes of Transfer of Heat and its effect, Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat. General Principles of Working of Simple Pendulum, Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass, Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses

NDA Exam Syllabus Chemistry 2022

The basic information of Chemistry and varied chemicals are tested within the chemistry section. The topics to be thought about for preparation are given below:

Physical and Chemical Changes Preparation and Properties of Oxygen, Hydrogen, etc. with Oxidation and Reduction
Air and water (Properties) Carbon and its forms
Formulae and simple Chemical Equations Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency
Laws of Chemical Combination Atom and its structure (details)
Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures Fertilizers- Natural and Artificial
Acids, Bases, and Salts Use of materials for the preparation of different chemicals like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gun-23 Powder

NDA Exam Syllabus for General Science 2022

The topics for general science are tabulated below. The candidates should prepare in step with the NDA info 2022 to get an honest score within the NDA exam:

Basic Unit of Life: Cell Growth and Reproduction in Plants and animals
Protoplasms and Tissues Constituents of food
Living and Non-Living Things Human Body and Life processes
Epidemics: causes and preventions Food and Balanced Diet
Solar System- Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievement of Eminent Scientists

NDA Exam Syllabus for History 2022

The necessary topics coated within the history section of the final ability to take a look at in NDA are given within the table below:

Indian History: Culture and Civilization Constitution and Administration of India
Nationalism in India Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism, and Communism
Five Year Plans of India Renaissance, Exploration, and Discovery
French, Russian, and Industrial Revolution United Nations and the Concept of one world
Democracy of India The teaching of Mahatma Gandhi
Freedom Movement in India Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and community development
Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State Impact of Science and Technology on Society.

NDA Exam Syllabus for Geography 2022

Candidates should prepare the subsequent topics completely for the Geographic section in NDA 2022:

Earth and its Origin and Movement (Latitudes and Longitudes) Tides and Oceanic Currents
Rocks and their classification The atmosphere and Atmospheric Pressure
Types of Climate Regional Geography of India
Agricultural and Industries Transportation and Trading routes of India
Imports and Exports of India Concept of time, International Date Line. 
Movements of Earth and their effects, Origin of Earth Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation;
Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activitie

NDA Exam Syllabus for Current Affairs 2022

Candidates should follow the most recent newspapers and magazines with info regarding this event across the country and also the world. The topics to be ready to qualify during this section with smart marks tabulated below:

Important and Recent Events in India Current and Important World Events
Important India or Non-India Personalities related to Cultural Activities and Sports

Read: How to prepare for Current Affairs

NDA Exam Syllabus 2022: Intelligence & Personality test

The SSB method contains two stages: I and II. Solely the qualified aspirants from stage II will get permission to require the stage II method. Scan the subsequent content to know the elaborate info of 2 stages:

NDA SSB Personality Test

Stage 1

Picture Perception Description Test (PP&DT)Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR)

Stage 2

Interview (IO)Psychology Tests (Psych)Group Testing Officer Tasks (GTO)Conference

Three different assessors evaluate a candidate’s personality: the Interviewing Officer (IO), the Group Testing Officer (GTO), and the Psychologist. There is no individual weightage for each test. Assessors assign marks only after considering the candidate’s overall performance across all tests. Candidates should also check the official website for the latest updates.

Read: How to introduce yourself in English?

NDA Exam Syllabus 2022: Mathematics & General Ability Booklist

Books are always thought to be useful in better understanding any subject. However, candidates frequently struggle with selecting the appropriate reference material. As a result, we’ve compiled a list of books for Mathematics and General Ability that can help students get a head start on their studies.

  • Mathematics for NDA and NA by RS Aggarwal
  • 10 Practice Sets for NDA & NA by Arihant Publications
  • Science and Technology in India by KalpanaRajaram: Spectrum
  • Success Series General Knowledge by SachchidaNandJha
  • NCERT 9th Textbooks of all subjects.

Aspirants should read the daily newspaper on a regular basis to stay up to date on the latest national and international events for General Awareness.

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Best NDA Books for Preparation – List of Subject-wise important books

NDA Exam Syllabus 2022: Preparation Tips

Here are some helpful NDA Preparation Tips to attain higher within the exam:

  • Make sure you’re thorough with the NDA 2022 info and exam pattern.
  • Do not forget to confer with category 11 and sophistication 12 NCERT books.
  • Candidate must understand the fundamental formulae/ ideas from Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry.
  • Plan a preparation schedule and observe as several NDA practice Papers as doable.
  • Target reading comprehension, basic grammar, and vocabulary for the English section. The candidate want to revise the basic grammar rules from a reliable source.
  • Be well attentive to current affairs and events that create news.
  • Make sure the political and historical situation of Bharat is on your tips.
  • Take facilitation from coaching centers if needed, however, make certain they hold a good record.

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Frequently Asked Questions About NDA Syllabus 2022 (FAQs)

Q.1 Which subject is best for NDA?

Ans. Candidates must prepare thoroughly, particularly for the General Awareness section, which covers physics, chemistry, general science, history, geography, and current events. Current Affairs and GK Updates can be obtained from regular newspapers or from reference books for the UPSC NDA. Topic revision is necessary to keep in mind and remember them. The NDA examination primarily consists of questions from the 10+2 level. Hence, candidates must know the basic concepts of all the subjects.

Q.2 How many hours should you study for NDA?

Ans. On a daily basis, 2-3 hours of study are required. Begin preparing for the course by categorizing it according to your preferences. As much as possible, practice the previous year’s question papers.

  • Reading a monthly magazine prior to the exam date will be beneficial. Time management is essential here; see how many questions you can answer in the shortest amount of time.
  • When practicing previous papers, consider your options carefully because negative marking is implied, so each incorrect answer will cost you an extra one mark.
  • Learn tricks, for example, in mathematics, the answer to a few questions can be found by looking at the options, i.e. instead of solving the entire question, take the given options and solve the question around those options.

Read: How to prepare for Civil Services after 12th?

Q.3 How is the NDA physical test?

Ans. The NDA physical test is one of the most important rounds to getting into the military. If you want to work in the defence industry, you must be physically fit. If the candidate wishes to join the Indian Army or the Air Force, he must be at least 157 centimeters (for male candidates) or 152 centimeters (for female candidates) tall.

  • Candidates seeking to become pilots must also meet certain leg measurements. Their leg lengths should range from 99 to 120 cm.
  • Their thighs should measure a maximum of 64 cm when standing and a maximum of 96 cm when sitting, and their height should be between 81.5 cm and 96 cm. Candidates must adhere to strict visual standards prior to taking the NDA Physical Test.
  • He must be six on six in his better eye and six on nine in his worse eye. Candidates with Myopia or Hypermetropia are subject to certain restrictions. Furthermore, the candidate’s chest size should not be less than 81 centimeters.

Read about the syllabus for other important exams:

NDA Exam Pattern 2022 | Syllabus, Marking scheme and Subject Wise Pattern

NDA Previous Year Papers – PDF Download