National Science Day

April 15, 2024
national science day

Table of Contents

In India, we annually celebrate National Science Day on February 28th to commemorate the discovery of the Raman Effect by the renowned physicist Sir C.V. Raman. This day is a platform to promote scientific knowledge and appreciation among the masses.

History of National Science Day

The origin of National Science Day can be traced back to February 28, 1928. The government officially fixed February 28th as National Science Day in India to celebrate this achievement and encourage scientific innovation within India. This was the very day when Sir C.V. Raman discovered the “Raman Effect. This day is celebrated to honor his achievements and promote a greater understanding and interest in science.

The Role of Sir C.V. Raman

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was a distinguished Indian physicist. He played a vital role in shaping the scientific landscape of India. The foremost contribution of Sir C.V. Raman Effect. He was researching at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS) in 1928 during his discovery of the Raman Effect.

Discovery of the Raman Effect

The discovery of the Raman Effect is attributed to Indian physicist Sir C.V. Raman. In 1928, while conducting experiments in Kolkata, Raman observed that when monochromatic light passed through a transparent material, a fraction of the scattered light had a different frequency.

What is the Raman Effect?

The Raman effect, also known as Raman scattering, is a fascinating physics phenomenon involving the interaction of light and matter. It states that, When light shines on a molecule, the light can interact with the molecule’s vibrations and rotations. In most cases, the light simply bounces off (scatters) without any change in its energy. However, in the Raman effect, the scattered light can change its energy, meaning its wavelength and color can differ slightly from the original light.

Significance of the National Science Day

1. Honors a Scientific Breakthrough

National Science Day is celebrated in India on February 28th every year. It marks the anniversary of Sir C.V. Raman’s discovery of the “Raman Effect” in 1928. This groundbreaking discovery earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.

2. Encourage Scientific Research and Education

National Science Day serves as a tribute to Indian scientists and their contributions to the field. By celebrating scientific achievements, National Science Day aims to inspire and motivate young minds to pursue careers in science and research.

3. Promotes Scientific Temper

The day aims to foster a scientific temper among the Indian population. This refers to a rational, skeptical, and questioning approach to understanding the world around us, based on evidence and logic.

National Science Day in India

National Science Day is celebrated every year on the 28th of February with a specific theme. The aim is to focus on current scientific issues and developments. The theme of National Science Day 2023 was “Global Science for Global Wellbeing.”

The events include science exhibitions, seminars, workshops, and science fairs. Many schools and educational institutions also hold science competitions, quizzes, and essay-writing contests. The eminent scientists and educators are often invited to the functions. They deliver speeches and lectures on topics related to the theme. This helps in inspiring young minds to pursue careers in science and technology.

Celebrations Across India

India celebrates National Science Day with great enthusiasm. Some of the notable celebrations include:

  • Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), Kolkata: The historic IACS in Kolkata, a hub for scientific research and education, commemorates National Science Day with events that showcase cutting-edge research, lectures by eminent scientists, and interactive sessions. It serves as a center for scientific discussions and knowledge dissemination on this special day.
  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO): ISRO, India’s space agency, often participates actively in National Science Day celebrations. They use this platform to highlight their remarkable achievements in space exploration and engage with students and the public.
  • Schools and Colleges: National Science Day resonates strongly in educational institutions across the country. Schools and colleges organize special programs, science quizzes, debates, and exhibitions to encourage students’ interest in science. It’s a day when young minds get to showcase their scientific talents and learn from experts.

National Science Day Speech

When preparing a National Science Day speech, it’s essential to craft a message that resonates with the audience. Begin with a compelling introduction that captures their attention. Explain the significance of the day and why we celebrate it. Share anecdotes or quotes to engage your listeners. Organize your speech logically, with a clear introduction, body, and conclusion. Use visuals or props, if possible, to illustrate key points. Practice your delivery to ensure clarity and confidence.

1. Addressing the Relevance of Science in Modern Society

In your Science Day speech, emphasize the relevance of science in today’s world. Stress the importance of fostering scientific curiosity and critical thinking among the youth.

2. Highlighting Achievements and Contributions of Indian Scientists

Highlight India’s accomplishments in space exploration, healthcare, and technology. Encourage the audience to take pride in our scientific heritage and to support and inspire the next generation of scientists. Thus, a National Science Day speech should be informative, inspirational, and engaging. The aim of the speech must be to motivate individuals to embrace the wonders of science.

Themes of National Science Day

Since 1999, National Science Day has been commemorated with a specific thematic focus each year. The thematic progression is as follows:

1999Our Changing Earth
2000Recreating Interest in Basic Science
2001Information Technology for Science Education
2002Wealth From Waste
200350 years of DNA & 25 years of IVF – The Blueprint of Life
2004Encouraging Scientific Awareness in Community
2005Celebrating Physics
2006Nurture Nature for our Future
2007More Crop Per Drop
2008Understanding the Planet Earth
2009Expanding Horizons of Science
2010Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development
2011Chemistry in Daily Life
2012Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety
2013Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security
2014Fostering Scientific Temper
2015Science for Nation Building
2016Encouraging Scientific Awareness in the Community
2017Science and Technology for Specially Abled Persons
2018Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future
2019Science for the People, and the People for Science
2020Women in Science
2021Scientific Issues for the Development of the Nation
2022Integrated Approach in S&T for Sustainable Future
2023Global Science for Global Wellbeing
2024Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat

National Science Day 2024

The Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) celebrated National Science Day 2024 through lectures, orations, and open house activities in its laboratories and establishments on February 28, 2024. The Defence Science Forum (DSF) organized a special function at DRDO Bhawan in New Delhi. On the occasion, the Chairman DRDO greeted the scientific community and spoke about the relevance of this year’s theme as per the Prime Minister’s ambitious vision to transform the nation as Viksit Bharat.

  • Chief Guest: Prof. Ajay Kumar Sood, Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India
  • Key note addressed by: Prof. Ajay Kumar Sood, on ‘Cracking an age-old thermodynamic puzzle in micro heat engines’.

Dr. MA Maluk Mohamed, Co-founder and VP of research M/s Twin Health, Chennai delivered a lecture on ‘Precision health management using digital twin’.

Science Day Activities and Initiatives


On this occasion, Schools, colleges, and research institutions celebrate National Science Day through various activities such as:

  • Science Exhibitions and Fairs
  • Competitions and Quizzes
  • Science Seminars and Workshops
  • Public Lectures and Events


National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC): As the nodal agency, NCSTC coordinates and supports National Science Day celebrations across India. They provide financial and logistical support to state-level events, collaborate with scientific institutions, and strategize national-level initiatives.

Department of Science and Technology (DST): DST plays a crucial role by funding and supporting various science communication initiatives related to National Science Day. They might sponsor research projects, workshops, or public outreach programs.

State S&T Councils and Departments: These entities work with NCSTC to organize National Science Day events at the state level. They might organize workshops, science fairs, or competitions tailored to the specific interests of the region.

Scientific Institutions and Research Laboratories: Actively participate by hosting open houses, demonstrations, and lectures for the public. These institutions showcase their ongoing research and advancements, fostering public understanding of scientific endeavors.

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Awards and Recognitions for Scientists

Along with the National Science Popularization awards, national awards in other categories are also given on National Science Day. Such as:

  • National S&T Communication Awards
  • Augmenting Writing Skills for Articulating Research (AWSAR) awards,
  • SERB Women Excellence Awards
  • Rajendra Prabhu Memorial Appreciation Shield

Acknowledging Indian Scientific Achievements

Indian scientists have made notable contributions to various scientific disciplines. Their work has enriched humanity’s understanding and improved our quality of life, from pioneering discoveries to groundbreaking innovations. Some notable achievements include:

  • Raman Effect
  • Space Exploration
  • Nuclear Science
  • Information Technology (India’s IT industry)


National Science Day is a special celebration that honors the amazing world of science. It’s not just about recognizing scientists’ achievements. It’s also a day to celebrate our natural curiosity and the joy of exploring. We participate in exciting activities like exhibitions, workshops, and competitions during National Science Day. During National Science Day, a variety of engaging activities are organized, including exhibitions, workshops, and friendly competitions. From the enigmatic discovery of the Raman Effect to the astounding accomplishments in space exploration, scientists have made remarkable contributions.

Frequently Asked Questions ( FAQ’s )

Why is National Science Day celebrated?

Sir CV Raman discovered the Raman Effect, which we celebrate on National Science Day to commemorate this significant scientific discovery.

Who is the founder of the National Science Day?

It was established through an initiative by the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC).

What is the theme for National Science Day 2024?

The theme for National Science Day 2024 is “Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat”.

which organization in India promotes the celebration of National Science Day?

National Council for Science and Technology Communication. (NCSTC).

Is there a National Science Day?

Yes. National Science Day is celebrated on the 28th of February every year.

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