Deciphering Sgot (Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase): Understanding Its Full Form And Clinical Significance

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February 5, 2024
sgot full form

Table of Contents

Introduction: What is SGOT full form?

SGOT full form is Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase. It is an enzyme found in cells, particularly the liver and heart. It aids the transfer of amino acids between molecules, helping protein synthesis. Increased SGOT levels in the blood may show liver damage or disease. Checking SGOT levels helps in keeping track of liver health and keeping metabolic processes in check.

Clinical Significance of SGOT

SGOT  is an enzyme found in many body tissues, such as the liver, heart, muscles, and kidneys. SGOT is also known as aspartate aminotransferase (AST). It is a marker for liver damage and disease. It is released into the bloodstream when the liver cells are injured or inflamed.

Conditions and factors affecting SGOT levels include:

  • Age:

SGOT levels tend to increase with age

  • Gender:

Women tend to have lower SGOT levels than men

  • Pregnancy:

SGOT levels may decrease during pregnancy

  • Diet:

High-protein diets may increase SGOT levels

  • Exercise:

Strenuous exercise may increase SGOT levels temporarily

  • Medications:

Some drugs may increase SGOT levels

Diagnostic tests and procedures involving SGOT measurement include:

  • Liver function tests:

Liver function test involves blood test, which helps to measure the level of enzymes related to liver function. These include SGPT, SGOT, albumin, and bilirubin. It can help to diagnose and analyze liver disease and conditions.

  • Liver biopsy:

A small part of liver tissue is taken for microscopic examination in this process. This may help to diagnose and analyze the liver condition and disease. You can check the SGOT level before and after the procedure. It increases the risk of bleeding and infection.

  • Cardiac enzyme tests:

This type of blood test measures the level of enzymes related to heart function. These tests help track heart diseases like heart attack, angina, or heart failure. It is one of the cardiac enzymes which shows heart damage or injury. 

Interpreting SGOT Levels

Here are some points to help you understand the significance of high levels of SGOT.

●      Normal range of SGOT levels in healthy individuals:

The SGOT normal range is 5 to 40 units1. This range may vary depending on the lab method, the age, the sex, and the race of the person. It is important to compare the test results with the reference range provided by the lab.

●      Understanding elevated SGOT levels and potential causes:

Elevated SGOT levels show that there is damage to the liver or other organs that contain this enzyme. Some of the common causes of high SGOT levels are:

  • Liver diseases, such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, fatty liver, or liver cancer
  • Alcohol abuse or alcohol-induced liver damage
  • Medications or toxins that affect the liver, such as acetaminophen, statins, antibiotics, or anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Heart diseases or conditions, such as heart attack, angina, or heart failure
  • Muscle diseases or injuries, such as myositis, muscular dystrophy, or trauma
  • Kidney diseases or failure

●      Significance of persistently high SGOT levels:

High SGOT levels may show chronic liver damage or disease. So, it is important to identify and treat the underlying cause of high SGOT levels. Some of the treatment options may include:

  • Medications to treat the specific cause of liver damage or disease.
  • Lifestyle changes to prevent further liver damage or disease progression.
  • Liver transplant surgery for end-stage liver disease or liver failure

Relationship Between SGOT and Liver Health

●      SGOT as an indicator of liver diseases, such as hepatitis and cirrhosis: 

SGOT is the label for a liver condition or disease. The main reason is that it gets released into the bloodstream directly when the liver cells get injured or inflamed. When the SGOT level increases, it can cause various liver conditions, like Hepatitis, Cirrhosis, Fatty liver, or liver cancer.  

●      SGOT’s association with other medical conditions and drug-induced liver injury:

SGOT  can also be inflamed due to various causes. Induced liver injury can be caused due to some drugs, such as acetaminophen, antibiotics, statins, or anti-inflammatory drugs. This is the type of acute or chronic liver damage that is caused by exposure to drugs.

●      Monitoring SGOT levels in the context of liver function and treatment response:

To know the SGOT level, a blood test is the simple option. Because it assesses liver function and health, the level of SGOT can help to diagnose or analyze liver disease, which can result in treatment for the liver disease or condition. SGOT levels can also help identify other liver function tests, such as bilirubin, SCPT, and albumin.

Managing and Maintaining SGOT Levels

●      Maintaining a healthy weight:

Being overweight can increase the chances of liver disease. It can also lead to liver damage and elevated SGOT levels.

●      Eating a balanced diet:

Having a balanced diet in the daily routine is important, such as rich fruits, whole grains, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats. It provides the necessary nutrients for liver function and reduces the risk of liver disease.

●      Avoiding alcohol consumption: 

Major liver diseases are caused due to Alcohol consumption. It can lead to elevated SGOT levels.

●      Avoiding exposure to toxins:

Chemicals, pesticides, and other toxins can damage the liver and increase the risk of liver damage.

Some of the treatment options may include:

  • Specific treatment and medication help to treat liver disease. Such as antiviral drugs for hepatitis, corticosteroids for autoimmune hepatitis, chelating agents for hemochromatosis, etc.
  • Changing your lifestyle is important to prevent liver damage or disease. Which includes avoiding alcohol consumption, following a healthy diet, losing weight if obese, and regular exercise or yoga is a must.
  • A liver transplant is the last option left for end-stage liver disease.

Conclusion

The importance of SGOT is highlighted above. SGOT full form is Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic transaminase. SGOT meaning is a label for liver condition and disease. Also, the other conditions directly affect the heart, kidneys, muscles, and other body organs. It helps to diagnose and analyze various liver diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis, fatty liver, cirrhosis, or liver cancer.   SGOT levels can also help to evaluate the response to treatment and the risk of complications. SGOT normal range varies, but the general range is 5 to 40 units. Evaluating SGOT gives a brief view of the liver’s and other organs’ damage or inflammation. For SGOT prevention and evaluation, keeping the body healthy is a must, which includes maintaining a healthy weight, having a balanced diet, and avoiding smoking and alcohol. Hope this article helped you to find out what is SGOT and SGPT and SGOT meaning.

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SGOT Full Form: FAQs

What is SGOT and SGPT ?

Basically, SGOT and SGPT are liver enzymes. Whereas the SGOT full form is Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase, and SGPT stands for Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase. They are the indicators of liver condition and function, with elevated levels suggesting potential liver damage or disease.

What is the SGOT test?

The test basically measures the SGOT enzyme level in the blood. It also helps to analyze liver conditions, assess the liver, and monitor treatment effectiveness.

What is the SGOT normal range?

The SGOT normal range changes, but generally, it is 5-40. Fluctuation in the range might cause liver problems or other health issues.

What does SGOT stand for?

SGOT full form is Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase. It is an enzyme that is present in liver cells. Its levels in the blood are indicative of liver function and potential abnormalities.

What is the other name for SGOT?

The other name for SGOT is AGT. The full form of AGT is Aspartate Aminotransferase.

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