How to Invest in Stock Market in India: Guide for Beginners

February 23, 2024
how to invest in stock market in india

Table of Contents

For beginners, the world of trading may seem complex and hard to navigate. But, once they get into the world of stock market investments, they are in for a roller coaster ride.Understanding how to invest in the stock market in India is pivotal. It serves as a public arena where shares from diverse companies are issued and traded. A stock market is a place where shares of different companies are publicly issued and traded. With proper stock market investment, you can get better returns. It helps in growing your wealth exponentially. It would help in achieving long-term financial goals. 

The Indian government has set a target to decrease the fiscal deficit to 4.5% by FY26 in this year’s budget. India is a growing economy and this is the right time for you to create a share market investment plan.

This article will discuss how beginners should invest in stock market in India, create Demat accounts, and choose the right trading app. We will provide you with ample tips on how to invest in stock market in India and help you materialize your share market investment plan

Stock Market in India

Before getting into the investment part, let’s further understand the basics of investing in the stock market in India.

Stock Exchanges in India

The Stock Exchange in India is a common place where financial items like stocks, bonds, and commodities are issued and traded publicly under the rules set by SEBI. There are 23 major Stock Exchanges in India.
The Stock Exchange is order-driven and works on electronic limit order books. This ensures transparency and maintains the sanity of the market. All the stock orders are processed through stock brokers. 

Types of Stocks

Before understanding how to invest in stock market in India, let’s know about the different stocks in the market. The ten kinds of stocks in the Indian market are :

  • Large-cap Stocks.
  • Mid-cap Stocks.
  • Small-cap Stocks.
  • Value Stocks.
  • Growth Stocks.
  • Dividend Stocks.
  • IPO
  • Non-Dividend Stocks.
  • Penny Stocks.
  • Blue Chip Stocks.

Risk and Rewards of Investment in the Share Market

Different factors are involved in determining risks and rewards in your stock market investments. Let’s look at them briefly: 

  • The amount of risk the investor can take for stock market investment. The stock market is a risky venture. So, proper discussion and market study should be done before investing.
  • The amount of time. The investor should develop the right investment plan with the right risk and returns within a specific time to reap the benefits. If the buying or selling of stocks is not done at the right time, it may lead to heavy losses in investments. So, time is a crucial factor in investment in the share market.
  • It is important to realize the ability to cover up the loss incurred by the stock market. An investor should have a plan to recover the financial losses. This requires a good understanding of the market and support from experts.
  • The financial market is never stable. A slight change in geopolitical relations, inflation, or economic downturn can disrupt the market. This would lead the investors to sell their stocks at the same time pulling the value of the stocks down. This is known as volatility. It plays an important role in the stability of the stock market. An investor need to stay alert against such emergencies.
Work Anywhere, Anytime Hassle-free Earning| How To Invest In Stock Market In India

Steps on How to Invest in Stock Market in India

Let’s look at the steps on how to start investing in the stock market

Determine Your Investment Goals and Risk Tolerance

Share market investment plans and the amount of risk the investor can endure are the first steps in investing in the stock market. The investor should have a business plan on the amount of investment and risk tolerance. Risk tolerance is the amount of financial risk that the investor can handle.

Research and Analyse Potential Stocks

If you want to learn about how to do trading, deep research and analysis of different stocks are essential. Without research, you would invest in the wrong stocks and lose money. For research, one must follow the stock market closely and discuss it with the experts before investing.

Open a Demat Account

An investor needs a Demat account for stock market investments. All major trading apps and financial institutions provide the facility to open a Demat account with them. With a Demat account, the investor can transfer, hold, and transact securities without the issues of physical securities.

Place Your First Trade

After creating a Demat account, the investor, with the proper research, can go ahead with their first trade. They can hold and transfer the stocks based on the market standings.

Monitor Your Portfolio and Make Adjustments as Necessary

It is important to monitor your entire portfolio regularly. This would help to keep your portfolio updated. You can transfer or hold shares to maintain a healthy portfolio. Take the help of an expert to maintain it.

These are the steps on how to invest in stock market in India and get good returns. 

How to Open a Demat Account in India?

Opening a Demat account is the first step in starting stock market invests in India. Let’s look at this in detail.

Demat Account

A Demat account is a virtual account that holds all the shares and securities of an investor in an electronic form. This helps the investor track all shares, bonds, mutual funds, and exchange-traded funds.


The documents required to open a Demat account are.

  • Passport-size photo
  • PAN card
  • Signature copy
  • Proof of Identity
  • Address proof (Aadhar, Voter ID, passport, Driving Licence, or utility bill not more than 3 months old)
  • Bank statement or copy of the passbook
  • Cancelled cheque
  • ITR or payslip (For currency or derivative market)

Steps to Open a Demat Account

Let’s look at the steps to open a Demat account.

  • Select a Depository Account to open your Demat account.
  • Provide all the details along with your PAN card details.
  • Provide the bank details for financial transactions.
  • Upload all the documents required to open a Demat account.
  • Submit a short video of yourself reading a script for personal verification.
  • Provide the e-sign through the mobile linked to your Aadhar card.
  • Submit the form, and your Demat account is now ready to use.

Choosing the Right Broker for Your Demat Account

Choose an apt broker to suit your needs. You can choose a discount broker or a full-service retail broker. You should go for the retail broker if looking at regular investments. With online trading, choosing a broker who opts for online trading is beneficial.

Choose a retail broker who would provide a relationship manager who can advise on different investment ideas. The right broker not only helps you in opening a Demat account but also guides you on how to invest in stock market in India

Features to Look for in a Stock Trading App

Let’s look at the important features required in a stock trading app.

User-Friendly Interface

The stock trading app should be easy to navigate and operate. A complex interface would disinterest the user as they do not have the time to understand it.

Real-Time Market Data and News

A stock trading app will be useless if they do not display market news and updates on a real-time basis. The app should provide all the stock data for the user’s convenience.

Low Brokerage Fees and Transaction Costs

A stock trading app with the lowest brokerage and transaction costs should always be preferred. No one wants to spend more money on it.

Multiple Trading and Investment Options

The stock trading app should simultaneously provide multiple trading options and share market minimum investment options. This would encourage the investor to invest more time and money in the app.

Top Stock Trading Apps in India

Before investing in the stock market, it is crucial to know about the top stock trading apps in India.

Zerodha Kite

  • Zerodha Kite is an online trading platform built to suit the needs of investors. 
  • The app has access to quant for fundamental analysis. They have facilities for third-party integration.

Upstox Pro

  • Upstox Pro is a low brokerage online trading platform. Investors like Ratan Tata, Kalaari Capital, and GVK Davix back it.
  • No charges for opening a Demat account, software usage, and minimal fees for Demat AMC.

Angel Broking

  • Angel broking is India’s one of largest full-service retail brokers platforms. It offers investment advisory, stock & commodity broking, and financial product distribution.
  • They provide proper training on how to invest in share market for beginners. They do not charge extra for NEFT/Fund transfers. They provide free advice on stocks.


  • 5paisa is one of the top five discount brokers in India. They are registered with SEBI, BSE, NSE, CDSL, and others.
  • They have over 25 years of stock trading experience and provide investors with invaluable support.


  • Groww started in 2016 and has over 90 lakh customers. The app provides facilities to invest and trade in mutual funds and stocks. 
  • It has a user-friendly interface with single-click order placement. They have proper charts to display price changes and price updates in real-time.

These top stock trading apps would guide you on how to invest in stock market in India and give good returns.

Tips on How to Invest in Share Market

Here are some tips on how to invest in stock market in India which will make you a more confident and wise investor.

Diversify Your Portfolio

The smart share market investment plan is to diversify your investment in different stocks instead of putting it in a single company. This would decrease the shock of market loss because of particular shares.

Invest for the Long Term

Always plan to invest for the long term. When you invest for a longer time, the maturity amount increases with the stock prices going up.

Avoid Making Emotional Decisions

Never let your emotions dominate your financial decisions. The investor can get emotional about a company and invest in it, resulting in a loss. So, always discuss with a financial expert before making investment decisions.

It is impossible to do well in the stock market without staying updated on the latest market news and trends. Investors should follow all the investment articles, news and journals to understand the stock market.

Also Read: Top Tips to Invest in Gold in 2023

Start your Stock Market Investments

For beginners, there are different steps on how to invest in stock market in India. They have to determine their investments and calculate their risk tolerance. Proper research, followed by opening a Demat account with a proper stock trading app is essential. Timely monitoring of the portfolio helps to stay updated. 

Investors should diversify their portfolios, try investing for the long term and not make emotional decisions. The investor should choose a proper trading app to deal with stocks. This would help them stay updated and help in taking the right decisions. Brokers can help in stock market investments for beginners. Use information from resources like this blog and the internet and start your stock market investments now.

Want to explore helpful techniques to save and grow your hard earned money? Dive in to our guide on Save Money.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

How much do I need to start investing in the stock market in India?

There is no minimum amount for investment in share market. You can invest as per the stock prices and the number of shares you want to purchase. But as a beginner, you should start investing in small amounts to avoid risks. You should know the tips on how to invest in stock market in India before investing.

Do I need any special skills or qualifications to invest in the stock market in India?

You need better research and analytics skills and a good understanding of the stock market. This would help the trader on how to invest in stock market in India. With better research skills, the trader can understand the company well before investing. A better understanding of the financial world and the latest changes in the market is important to invest in the stock market in India.

What is a Demat account, and how do I open one in India?

A Demat account is an electronic format for storing the shares and securities of an investor. It is mandatory for stock market investments. By providing the required documents, bank details, a video of self-declaration and your e-signature, your Demat account is ready to use. It is important to open your Demat account from authorized agencies only.

What are the different types of stocks available in the Indian stock market?

There are ten different kinds of stocks available. Some are Large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, Dividend, Blue Chip, IPO, and Growth stocks. These stocks are important to understand before knowing how to invest in stock market in India. A seasoned trader would understand the difference and would know when to invest in which stocks as per the market

How do I choose the right stocks to invest in as a beginner?

You can choose the right stocks as a beginner by doing proper research and analytics, opening a Demat account, choosing the right stock trading app, and not taking emotional decisions while investing. This is the best way on how to do trading. It is important to take financial advice and the support of experience from a good trader before starting to invest.

Other Related Reads

To read more related articles, click here.

Got a question on this topic?

Related Articles