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Start preparing for UPSC as Civil Service Aspirants after 12th  standard?


Civil Service aspirants of the country & his fellow citizens & this can be only possible by qualifying one of the toughest exam throughout the world which is conducted by UPSC. The civil services exam was started in the year 1922 by Union Public Service Commission for the recruitment of civil servants in various departments. It is based on British Era civil services tests. Civil service aspirants take two years of preparation. It takes a lot of zeal, strong willpower and ability to burn the midnight oil to grab an opportunity to get recruited into the civil services as it is considered as one of the toughest examinations. Civil service aspirants need to be a person to be a citizen of India. People who clear the civil services exams go through training for understanding the work culture and the responsibilities that they have to adhere to for doing justice to their prestigious position.

The UPSC conducts its exam in three primary stages to filter out the best candidates. The candidate has the responsibility to take decisions for the welfare of the citizens& development of the area in which they provide the service. On an average approximately 10 lakh civil service aspirants apply every year for this exam. The three stages of the UPSC examination which are conducted in offline mode are described below-

Preliminary Examination- Civil service aspirants give this exam is conducted in June every year & the result comes in August. The preliminary examination consists of two objective type exams which are General Studies and Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT) of total 400 marks. The duration of Each exam is  2 hours. The exam language offered for the exam is English & Hindi. In prelims, the candidate has to score a minimum of 33% to be eligible for Mains.

Mains- Civil Service aspirants give this exam is conducted in October every year & the result comes in January. The main exam consist of  9 subjective exams of total 1750 marks and each of 3 hours duration which is mentioned below-

  • Exam 1- Compulsory Indian Language
  • Exam 2- English
  • Exam 3- Essay Writing
  • Exam 4- General Studies- 1 ( History, Indian Heritage and Culture, Geography of the world and Society)
  • Exam 5- General Studies- 2 ( Constitution, Polity, Governance, Social Justice and International relations)
  • Exam 6- General Studies-3 ( Technology, Biodiversity, Environment, Economic Development and Disaster Management)
  • Exam 7- General Studies -4 ( Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)
  • Exam 8- Optional Paper 1
  • Exam 9- Optional Paper 2

(Optional Subjects are Anthropology, Botany, Law, Psychology, Sociology, Management, Economics, Electrical Engineering, History, Geology, Mathematics, Public Administration, Physics, Zoology etc.)

Interview– Civil service aspirants who qualify the mains exam with minimum cut- off  required are eligible for the final stage i.e. Personal Interview. The interview is held in month of March in UPSC Bhavan in New Delhi & the final results usually come in May. The selected students training start in September. The interview is conducted to test the personality, mental ability, social aspects and moral integrity.

Eligibility for UPSC exam

  • He/ She should be graduate or in the final year of graduation and citizen of India.
  • The candidate should be minimum 21 years and should not have attained the age 32 years (in case of general category), 35 years ( OBC) and 37 years ( in case of SC, ST, PwD).
  • The number of attempts for general category is 6, for OBC & PwD is 9, and for others SC, ST are unlimited.
  • The exam fee for general category males is 100 rupees and for females & other categories it is exempted.

To prepare for UPSC exam, civil service aspirants have to keep these things in mind-

  • To clear any exam, first and foremost it is required you should make a mindset that this is only your primary goal.
  • You should gather all the information about the exam pattern, syllabus, and accordingly then make a strategy for the preparation.
  • You need to devote your maximum time possible and it would be better to study as per timetable and divide the time giving importance to each subject.
  • One should be remain updated with the current happenings around the world. One should make a habit of reading newspapers, books & magazines on a daily basis.
  • To make your history, geography, economics, politics knowledge effective, it is recommended to study from NCERT books of class 6th – 12th. You can also take help from other reference books.
  • You are required to prepare from previous years papers and also give the mock tests for the UPSC exam.
  • If you find it difficult to study by yourself, you can also look out for various online as well as offline coaching that can help you to achieve success.
  • As you are going to work for the government, it is necessary to be aware of government policies, Yojanas, etc.
  • It is required to spare time at last for revision as the syllabus is very vast and diverse.
  • Most importantly, stay positive and patient throughout the journey of clearing UPSC exam.

UPSC Preparation

If you know from starting that IAS officer is your goal, you can study towards it even in your school years. In class 11th, you have to opt for stream between PCM, PCB, Commerce, and Humanities (Arts). Civil service aspirants who select Humanities which surely will give you an advantage over other streams. It almost covers all the subjects that will provide you a strong base for higher studies in Humanities as well as Civil Service Examination (CSE).

Even if you decide after class 12th you have to clear UPSC exam, its not that late. You can do your graduation B.A. in History, Geography, Politics, Social Sciences, & Economics. You can also do post-graduation with anyone of the subject. Keeping the goal of IAS in mind, it is wise decision to do B.A. as it will save your time and while studying for graduation you will be able to prepare for IAS simultaneously as there are common subjects. While there isn’t any compulsion that you have to do graduation in Bachelors of Arts only, civil service aspirants go for UPSC exam with B.Tech, B.Com, BBA etc.

There are various types of civil services jobs which are assigned according to the ranks of the passing candidates-

  1. All India Civil Services
  2. Group A Services or Central Services
  3. Group B Services or State Services

All India Civil Services Jobs List

  1. Indian Administrative Service or IAS
  2. Indian Foreign Service or IFS
  3. Indian Police Service or IPS

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List of Group A Services by UPSC

  1. Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service
  2. Indian Audit and Accounts Service
  3. Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)
  4. Indian Defense Accounts Service
  5. Indian Revenue Service (I.T.) or IRS
  6. Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)
  7. Indian Postal Service
  8. Indian Civil Accounts Service
  9. Indian Railway Traffic Service
  10. Indian Railway Accounts Service
  11. Indian Railway Personnel Service
  12. Indian Railway Protection Force (Assistant Security Commissioner)
  13. Indian Defense Estates Service
  14. Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)
  15. Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III)
  16. Indian Corporate Law Service

List of Group – B Services

  1. Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Section Officer’s Grade)
  2. Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service
  3. Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service
  4. Pondicherry Civil Service
  5. Pondicherry Police Service

Civil services exams for Several other Jobs and Positions 

  1. Engineering Services Examination
  2. Geologists Examination
  3. Special Class Railway Apprentices Exam
  4. National Defense & Naval Academy
  5. Combined Defense Services Examination
  6. Combined Medical Services Examination
  7. Indian Economic / Statistical Service
  8. O./Stenographer Limited Departmental Competitive Exam
  9. Central Police Forces (Assist Commandants)


  1. Indian Administrative Service (IAS)

It is considered as most desirable posts for Civil service aspirants, due to the status attached with it. Officials in this post are provided with conveniences such as a house, servants, car, and their living expenses are borne by the governing bodies.

IAS officers are in charge for the law and order, as well as the enactment of government policies in different areas where they are posted.

Job Role – During the initial years of their service, IAS officers are assigned the role of the Sub-Divisional Magistrates (SDM) in a state, and then they go on to serve the positions of District Magistrate and Divisional Commissioner. After the initial years they serve as the heads of Government Organizations, Public Service Undertakings and they also serve the prestigious role of Secretary to the Government of India.

  1. Indian Foreign Service (IFS)

The main role of people in the foreign services is all about performing as a Diplomat, they travel the world simultaneously serving their nation. It is like a dream job for many people who aspire to travel the world.

Job Role – IFS officers serve as the representatives of our nation abroad, and serve on the position of Third Secretary, Second Secretary, First Secretary, Ambassador and High Commissioner in the foreign embassies, and international establishments such as the United Nation (UN). They are compensated with proper lodging, a car, and other housing and basic amenities.

  1. Indian Police Service (IPS)

IPS Officers are the only torchbearers of law and order in our great nation India. With their rigorous drill, knowledge, and the power bestowed in them by the state, they are accountable for serving to run the country without the disorder.

Job Role – IPS officers are initially posted at the position of Assistant Superintendent of Police and after that Assistant Commissioner of Police in the beginning of their profession. After the required number of years, they serve at the position of Joint Commissioner and Commissioner of Police. The most fascinating fact is that Intelligence Bureau is every time lead by an experienced IPS Officer.

Opportunities while preparing for Civil Services

Teaching– Civil Service aspirants can take tuition of school-going children and simultaneously learn through NCERT books and get their topics by heart because knowledge from NCERT books is very crucial for basic school level knowledge.

Subject matter experts at Chegg– Civil service aspirants can work as subject matter experts on Chegg to strengthen their knowledge of various domains subjects like business, engineering, science, mathematics, health care and earth science. They can solve the queries of students all over the world and earn a good amount of money for each solved query.

UPSC services


Civil service aspirants start preparing right after their 12th standard and they also prefer to choose a course in humanities in college so that it becomes helpful for them in their civil services exam. It is not just an year or two years of hard work but it is lot more years of patience and continuous dedication towards studies and upskilling to be a deserving candidate and pass one of the toughest examinations and get onto the top of the hierarchy. If one is dedicated and meritorious then civil services is the right place to be and to serve the nation and take the country to the horizons of success for the civil service aspirants

Only good civil servants can bring fortune to the country and curb various issues like corruption, poverty and pollution from the country by taking well-informed decisions and progressive initiatives.

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