Zoology means a branch of Biology in Science that deals with the study of animals and their biological presence such as evolution, structure, etc, and further involves study about their role in the ecosystem. This also applies to both livings as well as extinct creatures. The term Zoology is derived from the Greek words zōion (animal) and logos (‘study’) and believe to have originated with Aristotle. The branch likewise allows us, humans to research more about the history of the animals. So, it mainly focuses on form and function, changes, links between groups, behavior, and ecology. Since Zoology itself’s a vast field, it’s subdivided into areas such as class, biology, biochemistry, and evolution or growth. Later, the discovery of the DNA structure in 1953 by Francis Crick and James Watson bought further advancement in the research field.

Now that we know what’s Zoology, let’s have a look at the various areas of study and more. So, the interested candidates who want to explore and study more about the Zoology field can either study Zoology as a specialization in the UG or PG or at the Ph.D. level. Thus, various top academies and colleges in India offer Zoology as a subject in their academic syllabus, while admitting the students based on merit and also an entrance for PG and above. Keep reading to know more about the branches, types, courses, entrance exams, the scope of Zoology, etc.

Table of Contents

What is Zoology?

Zoology, also known as animal science is the branch of biology devoted to the study of animal life. It has various branches that make up a whole of Zoology. A professional in the Zoology field is called a Zoologist. Zoology has a huge impact on the way we see and protect the environment. It further brings improvement in the scientific research and development areas. as a result of the study of evolution, genetics, physiology, behavior, environments, and the link between the animals, plants with the ecosystem.

Branches of Zoology

The induction of science inside the study of animals has been termed modern, while the study itself ranges back to ancient times.

Classification

Scientists use Classification as a method by which they can group different organisms based on their traits and classify them based on the genus and species. It’s a form of Scientific Taxonomy that has its origins from the works of Carl Linnaeus, who grouped the species based on common traits. This later would receive corrections to match the Darwinian principle of common descent. Molecular phylogenetics, a branch that deals with and analyses genes, and similar in the DNA by using Nucleic acid sets as the data. Zoology systematics’s the study of the change of living creatures, both from the past and the present, and their relationships with different living things over time.

The grouping of the animals which was earlier done by using the five-kingdom system now follow alternative systems like the three-domain system: Archaea; Bacteria; Eukaryota. These domains likewise reflect if the cell contains nuclei or not and further the differences of the chemical composition in the exterior of the cells. The Kingdom is further broken down until each species receives a group for which the order is Domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species. So the genus and the species give rise to the organism’s scientific name for instance humans fall under the Homo sapiens class. Here homo likewise, the genus and sapiens, the species besides both of them combined make up the name of the species.

This Topic moreover carries some set of rules when writing the name of the species. So, it’s ideal to capitalize the first letter of the genus and put the species name in lowercase. However, the whole term can either be italicized or underlined.

Linnaean taxonomy

A specific form of classification also includes ranks as well as binomial nomenclature. Similarly, nomenclature, taxonomy, and classification are governed by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.

In order to maintain a standard nomenclature process, a BioCode was put out in 1997 but has not yet been formally adopted.

Vertebrate and Invertebrate Zoology

Vertebrate Zoology’s a field of study involving vertebrate animals, animals with a back backbone, such as fish, birds, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles. This further introduces us to sub fields of study like mammalogy, ichthyology, etc. Thus, allowing us to study more about the structure and its function in the specific group. Besides, the rest of the animal kingdom falls and deals under the Invertebrate Zoology a very vast group of animals. They include sponges, echinoderms, mollusks, etc. Generally, single celled organisms don’t fall under this group.

Structural Zoology

This specific Zoology (Cell Bio) field studies the structural properties of the cells which includes the study of their behavior and interactions with the environment. It’s likewise, done at the microscopic and the molecular levels for single celled organisms like bacteria. But also and in multicellular organisms like humans. So knowing the function and the structure of the cell is the main fundamental of all biological sciences. Although the differences and relations between the cells come under molecular biology. Macroscopic Structures such as organs further fall under Anatomy besides looking at how they work independently and in humans, and animals. Thus, Anatomy and Cell Biology fall under the Structural Zoology topic.

Physiology

Now we all know that a living organism will have a structure that works all together in a single function. Hence, the field focuses on or studies the various processes of living such as the mechanical, physical, and biochemical. It moreover, allows us to understand the entire function. It’s however split into two types Plant and Animal Science but however, the principle remains the same no matter what type of species. For example, physiology in yeast cells’s the same as that in human cells. Thus, the study of animals leads us to extra tools when it comes to studying humans besides showing the interaction between immune, nervous, respiratory system, etc.

Developmental Biology

It’s the study of reproduction and growth in animals and plants such as sexual and asexual, regeneration, growth of stem cells, etc.

Evolutionary Biology

It’s a subfield in the Bio field that studies the evolution process of various species on Earth. The field’s moreover concerned with the origin and family of the species and besides their evolution. Due to multiple sub areas, the field involves multiple experts with training in that field. Moving on, the development of DNA and fingerprints in the late 20th century bought further improvement in the Zoology field. It also spoke about the rapid growth of the animal population.

Ethology

It reveals the behavior of animals under many natural conditions and how they survive on top of all situations. The fields have so much importance that many consider the book written by the ethologist Charles Darwin, The Expressions of the Emotions in Man and Animals as an inspiration.

Biogeography

Bio geography studies the spatial dispersion of the species on earth, it further includes topics such as climate change, migration, etc. It obtains concepts from other areas like geology, taxonomy, ecology, etc. The field observes the contribution of Alfred Russel Wallace who jointly published his works with Charles Darwin.

Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology unlike others studies the genetic development and mechanisms in plants and animals. This as a result provides answers to the structure and inheritance of genes.

Types of Zoology

Zoology’s study of the animal kingdom involves the anatomy, science, evolution, properties, and the classification of all living and extinct animals.

  • Anthrozoology
  • Arachnology
  • Archaeozoology
  • Bionics
  • Cetology
  • Embryology
  • Entomology
  • Coleopterology (Beetles)
  • Dipterology (Flies)
  • Hemipterology (True Bugs)
  • Isopterology (Termites)
  • Lepidopterology (Butterflies)
  • Melittology (Bees)
  • Myrmecology (Ants)
  • Orthopterology (Grasshoppers)
  • Trichopterology (Caddis Flies)
  • Vespology (Wasps)
  • Ethology
  • Helminthology
  • Herpetology
  • Batrachology (Amphibians)
  • Ophiology (Snakes)
  • Histology
  • Ichthyology
  • Malacology
  • Conchology (Mollusk Shells)
  • Mammalogy
  • Morphology
  • Nematology
  • Ornithology
  • Palaeozoology
  • Pathology
  • Primatology
  • Protozoology
  • Taxonomy
  • Zoogeography
  • Zoography
  • Zoometry
  • Zootomy

Scope of Zoology in India

On completion of BSc Zoology, students will gain exposure to Opportunities within the Zoology field. Students may look for jobs within the field or continue their higher studies within the same field. On successful completion of the BSc Zoology course, one can study further or look for jobs in the same. If one chooses to study further, they can go for a Master’s and then a Ph.D. in the same. A Ph.D. graduate will have rich practical and theoretical knowledge, and it gives them an edge in this field. One can begin their career right in the Zoology field in the teaching or research field.

Thus the course offers immense scope to the candidates who’ve completed their PG. No one can replace the job of a Zoologist, hence they’ve got quite a lot of opportunities. They can work as Animal Behaviour and conservationists, Wildlife educators, biologists, Zoo curators, Zoology staff, Forensic experts, lab technicians, and Veterinarians.

Eligibility Criteria for Zoology in India

As the level of study increases the eligibility requirements also vary and further one must always check if they’re eligible for the course or not.

Read below to know more about the eligibility.

BSc Zoology:

First, the candidate must have qualified in the 10+2 or intermediate exam with at least 50% marks. Besides, the course of the qualifying exam must include subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Maths, and Biology as compulsory subjects. Some eligible candidates might also receive relaxation if eligible.

MSc Zoology:

The basic requirement for the MSc course is that the candidate must hold a BSc degree in Zoology or equivalent. But also should’ve scored more than 50% in the same.

Ph.D. Zoology:

In order to pursue the Ph.D. course, the candidate must hold a Master’s degree. But some universities might also demand an M.Phil. The candidate must further qualify in the previous exam with a minimum of 55% marks. Some candidates might also receive relaxation.

Zoology Entrance Exams

Some of the most popular entrance exams for Zoology –

BHU UET JEST Christ University Assessment Test
MCAER CET PUET CSIR
NEST DUET ICAR

Top Zoology Courses in India

Course Name Duration
BSc 3 Years
MSc 2 Years
Ph.D. 3 Years

So, if one wants to enter the Zoology field, they can get started with any of the Zoology courses based on eligibility. In India, However, the University offers Zoology as a specialization in Science course. Zoology’s a vast field due to the complexity and the nature of life. Initially, the candidates will get to learn the basic key concepts of Zoology at the UG stage. Now, what’s the course exactly? Well, one will get to study Zoology as a specialization in Bachelor of Science (BSc). And as you slowly progress you’ll get to learn advanced areas and also research work. It covers the various areas such as the function, behavior, structure, etc of the animals.

On successful completion of the UG course on can further continue their research and study in the PG programs. Thus, one can take up Zoology at the UG i.e Master of Science (MSc) which takes a deeper dive into the subject. Although PG education might be enough to get a good job in the Zoology field, one can further take it to the next level. It’s through the Ph.D. course that’ll grant a deeper view into the subject and promotes research work.

Now there may be slight variations in the admission or eligibility criteria as the level of the course increases. The courses at the PG or higher require qualification in entrance with valid scores.

Read below to know more about the courses.

Top Zoology Courses for Bachelors in India

The Bachelor’s program offered in Science comes with a subject in Zoology and it takes three years to complete in India. The students will likewise learn the basic and little advanced components such as functions, evolution, etc. In addition, candidates will also receive practicals that include specimen study, the study of protozoans, etc.

BSc Zoology’s a three year UG course that the student can take up to pursue a career in Zoology. The Universities will grant admission to the same on the basis of the candidate’s merit. The Candidate must qualify 10+2 exam or any equivalent with at least 50% marks from a recognized institute. However, some institutes might require a candidate to qualify in entrance exams with valid scores. Although the exams vary from college to college, the syllabus moreover remains the same. The Average fee for the course may range from Rs 6000 to Rs 20000.

A Qualified BSc Zoology candidate can occupy positions such as Teacher, Zookeeper, Lab assistant, etc. The field also pays well and one can expect an average salary between Rs 4 LPA to Rs 7 LPA.

Admission Process

So, the Institutes do the admission to the UG Zoology courses based on the merit of the candidate. But some universities may but require the candidate to qualify in the entrance exam with valid scores. However, these exams might be a common one or just conducted by the university.

Once, the candidate confirms their eligibility, they can move on with the applying process. Now, one must fill the application form from the college office or online if available and fill correct details.

In case they require qualification in a test, one must prepare as mentioned by the university and qualify in the same. One must also keep a look at the results post-test and contact the college in case of any clarification. The selected candidates will further receive a message or an invitation for the admission process. Above all, the candidate must pay some amount of fee or an advance if asked.

Entrance Exams

BHU UET, MCAER CET, JEST, NEST

Entrance Exam Preparation

One must know the syllabus and exam pattern before starting their preparation. So, the candidates can contact the college or the same. Not only does this gives us a clear idea of the paper but also helps in managing time. Since it’s a UG course, the entrance topics will be based on the previous qualifying syllabus i.e 12th and 11th. Hence, it’s advised to keep revising the concepts again and again so that you do not forget.

Make sure to make a note of all the important topics from the 11th and 12th text books to refer to at the last moment. Moreover, the candidate must solve the previous year’s question paper to test themselves.

Distance Learning

Not all can afford day colleges, with reasons being distance or travel or one might be focused on other activities. Hence, the Distance or Open learning modes come into play so, the candidates can choose this mode if they may not be able to attend daily classes. Although not all the courses support an open learning method, one can still check with the college.

Candidates can also opt to pursue the course via distance mode. The same can however be confirmed by the offering university. Distance Learning is a suitable mode of study for those who cannot attend daily classes. Before applying for the distance course, one must check the duration of the course as it may be a little different from the regular one.

Scope of BSc Zoology

On completion of BSc Zoology, students will gain exposure to Opportunities within the Zoology field. Students may look for jobs within the field or continue their higher studies within the same field. So the students thus have the following options after the UG.

They can opt for the MSc course, which will further enhance the student’s knowledge. Not only does it benefit the candidate’s theoretical base but also opens up a door of opportunities. PG students will always receive an edge when it comes to jobs. One can also apply for the PG Diploma in likewise areas.

BSc Zoology Syllabus:

Semester I

  • Non-chordates I: Protista to Pseudocoelomates
  • Principles of Ecology

Semester II

  • Non-chordates II: Coelomates
  • Cell Biology

Semester III

  • Diversity of Chordates
  • Physiology: Controlling and Coordinating Systems
  • Fundamentals of Biochemistry

Semester IV

  • Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates
  • Physiology: Life-Sustaining Systems
  • Biochemistry of Metabolic Processes

Semester V

  • Principles of Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

Semester VI

  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Developmental Biology

List of To BSc Zoology Colleges in India

College Name Average Fee
Madras Christian College Rs 57,000
Christ University Rs 1,68,000
Gargi College Rs 14,000
St. Joseph’s College, [SJC] Bangalore Rs 1,00,000
St. Xavier’s College, Ahmedabad Rs 3,600
St Francis College, Hyderabad Rs 30,000
Vimala College, Thrissur Rs 7,000
Anugrah Narayan College, Patna
St. Xavier’s College, Ranchi Rs 70,000
Vivekananda College, Kolkata
Bishop Heber College, [BHC] Tiruchirappalli
Maharani Lakshmi Ammanni College for Women, [MLACW] Bangalore
MG Science Institute, Ahmedabad Rs 9,000
Ramniranjan Jhunjhunwala College, Mumbai
Bharata Mata College, Kochi
Dhempe College of Arts and Science, North Goa
Bethune College, Kolkata
Kasturba Gandhi Degree and PG College for Women, Secunderabad Rs 81,000
Jaipur National University, Jaipur Rs 85,500

Average Fees for BSc: Rs 20,000 to Rs 80,000

Admission Criteria for BSc: Merit, Entrance

Types of Jobs after BSc: Zookeeper, Researcher, Lab Technician, Teacher

Average Placements after BSc: Rs 4 LPA to Rs 7 LPA

Top Zoology Courses for Masters in India

On successful completion of the BSc Zoology course, one can study further or look for jobs in the same. If one chooses to study further, they can go for a Master’s and then a Ph.D. in the same. A PG in Zoology will open doors to advance concepts of study and also a boost in the career. The only requirement for this PG course is that the candidate must hold a BSc in the respective field. They must also secure more than 50% in the same.

The PG course has been split into four semesters each spanning 6 months. So, one can expect to finish the course in two years. The entrance to the course remains standard in all the PG courses. Thus, the admission will be based on merit as well as the score in the entrance exam.

Qualified candidates can expect jobs like Zookeeper, Wildlife Rehabilitator, Zoology Lecturer, Research Assistant, etc. With a PG degree comes higher positions with a good average salary of around Rs 90,000 to Rs 2 LPA. Sectors such as Agricultural, Food Park, Zoo and Wildlife, Education hire such candidates.

Admission Process

As it’s a PG course the admission will be based on merit as well as the score in the entrance exam. So, admission to this course depends on the UG marks and the entrance exam results. Hence, one must check if they’re eligible for this course or not before applying. Candidates having more than 50% in their UG can register for the Entrance exam.

  • The candidate must first register before the last date for the entrance examination conducted by the institution. So, the same will be informed by the Institute.
  • One must keep checking the results of the exam and will be notified in case they’ve cleared and are now eligible.
  • After successfully clearing the exam, some universities may require the candidate to go through an interview round.
  • They may further fill the application form and pay the admission fee and confirm their seat.

Entrance Exams

PUET, DUET, BHU PET, AUCET, etc.

Entrance Exam Preparation

Since you’re appearing for an Exam for a Zoology course, the syllabus will moreover be based on top of the topics from UG. Hence, refreshing the concepts from BSc Zoology will prove a great help while writing the exam. But one must also solve previous year papers to get a better understanding of the pattern. Solving previous years’ papers also helps in time management. In case of any doubts in the syllabus, they can directly contact the university conducting the exam.

Distance Learning

Some colleges offer the course in the distance learning program. Candidates can also opt to pursue the course via distance mode also. Distance Learning is a suitable mode of study for those who cannot attend classes on a daily basis. The duration of the course might be the same if not, the candidate must complete it within the given time period.

Scope of MSc Zoology

Right after completing the PG course, the candidate can start looking for jobs as now their degree holds more importance. If not one can opt for Ph.D. research programs

MSc Zoology Syllabus

Semester I

  • Structure and Functions of Non-chordates
  • Ecological theories and applications
  • Genetics and Genetic Engineering
  • Tissue structure Function and Chemistry
  • Parasites and Immunity
  • Laboratory course

Semester II

  • Structure and Functions of Chordates
  • Comparative Animal Physiology
  • Endocrinology and Neuroscience
  • Cell and Receptor Biology
  • Biochemistry and Molecular biology
  • Laboratory course

Semester III

  • Taxonomy and Biodiversity
  • Evolution and Animal Behaviour
  • Development and Differentiation
  • Laboratory course
  • Elective I Theory
  • Elective I Practical

Semester IV

  • Conservation Biology and Wildlife
  • Biostatistics, Bioinformatics, and Instrumentation
  • Biotechnology and Applications
  • Laboratory course (1 module)
  • Elective II Theory
  • Elective II Practical
  • Seminar and Dissertation or Review-

List of Top MSc Zoology Colleges in India

College Name Average Fee
NIMS University, Jaipur Rs 1,20,000
Vivekananda Global University, Jaipur Rs 80,000
Hindu College Rs 40,000
Miranda House Rs 32,000
Madras Christian College Rs 32,000
Hansraj College Rs 33,000
Loyola College Rs 1,70,000
Sri Venkateswara College Rs 24,000
Christ University Rs 1,40,000
Ramjas College Rs 23,000
Ethiraj College for Women
Birla College Of Arts Science & Commerce Rs 20,000
DAV College Rs 41,000
Post Graduate Government College for Girls
Vimala College, Thrissur Rs 1,20,000
Anugrah Narayan College, Patna
St Wilfred’s PG College, Jaipur Rs 38,000
Ramnarain Ruia College, Mumbai Rs 27,000
Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh Rs 18,000
Bishop Heber College, Tiruchirappalli Rs 1,82,000
Ramniranjan Jhunjhunwala College, Mumbai

Average Fees for MSc: Rs 20,000 to Rs 1,50,000

Admission Criteria for MSc: Merit, Entrance

Types of Jobs after MSc: Zookeeper, Wildlife Rehabilitator, Zoology Lecturer, Research Assistant, etc

Average Placements after MSc: Rs 90,000 to Rs 2 LPA

Ph.D. in Zoology

One can obtain a doctorate degree in Zoology after completing the three year Ph.D. research program. It involves animal study, research, classifications, and more. The field’s grouped into three branches – Ichthyology, Ornithology, Mammalogy.

In order to pursue the Ph.D. course, the candidate must hold a Master’s degree. But some universities might also demand an M.Phil. The candidate must further qualify in the previous exam with a minimum of 55% marks. Some candidates might also receive relaxation.

Admission Process

The candidate needs to fulfill all the requirements laid out by the university. The admission process will take depend on the merit, score in entrance and some universities might also conduct interviews.

Entrance Exams

UGC (NET/JRF), CSIR (NET/JRF), ICAR, SLET, GATE, GPAT,

Entrance Exam Preparation

It’s always advised to start the preparations early to avoid any errors while giving the exam. So the students should thoroughly research the exam pattern, syllabus, etc, and start their preparation. One should also solve previous years’ papers to get an idea. The syllabus would moreover be from the Master’s level.

Distance Learning

Some universities also offer the Ph.D. course via distance mode. So candidates can choose also choose this mode based on their preference. However, it’s up to the students to complete the course within the given time period.

Scope of Ph.D. Zoology

A Ph.D. graduate will have rich practical and theoretical knowledge, and it gives them an edge in this field. One can begin their career right in the Zoology field or switch to different fields as well. The most common area of exercise is the education field. Hence, after obtaining the degree, candidates seek to become a Zoology Teacher or Lecturer. Some other areas of work include Zoologists, Zoo researchers, Ecological Advisors, etc

Ph.D. Zoology Subjects

  • Ecology
  • Endocrinology
  • Entomology
  • Environmental Biology & Toxicology
  • Fisheries and Aquaculture
  • Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Immunology
  • Wildlife Biology
  • Stem Cells and Developmental Biology

Colleges/Universities offering Ph.D. in Zoology

  • Allahabad University
  • BAMU Aurangabad
  • BBAU Lucknow
  • CCSHAU Hisar
  • Central University of Kerala
  • Central University of Punjab
  • CT University
  • Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya
  • Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam University
  • DU Delhi
  • HPU Shimla
  • IGNTU Amarkantak
  • JS University
  • KK University
  • LPU Jalandhar
  • Magadh University
  • MANNU Hyderabad
  • NIMS University
  • OPJS University
  • Panjab University
  • PAU Ludhiana
  • Pondicherry University
  • Saurashtra University
  • Savitribai Phule Pune University
  • Shri Guru Ram Rai University
  • Singhania University
  • Sri Satya Sai University of Technology and Medical Sciences
  • University of Rajasthan
  • Utkal University
  • Vivekananda Global University

What to do after Ph.D. in Zoology?

Right after completion of the Doctoral course, one will receive offers from organizations for higher posts. The companies prefer candidates with Ph.D. as they will have experience in research projects. Not only do they work in professional firms, but they’ll also have the opportunity to work with TV Channels. Yes, that’s right. Production Houses like National Geographic, Animal Planet, Discovery channel, etc hire candidates to help them make visionary documents. Since documentaries will need extensive information regarding Animals and Plants. One can further work in the education sector as a lecturer in colleges and universities. Besides, one may also join private or public organizations, pharmacies, labs, wildlife agencies, etc.

Top Recruiting Areas

  • Animal Clinics
  • Aquariums
  • Botanical Gardens
  • Fisheries and Aquaculture
  • Museums
  • National Parks
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Research Laboratories
  • Veterinary Hospitals
  • Wildlife Sanctuaries
  • Zoos

Top Jobs

  • Animal & Wildlife Educator
  • Animal Behaviorist
  • Conservationist
  • Animal Breeder
  • Animal Caretaker
  • Documentary
  • Animal Rehabilitator
  • Animal Trainer
  • Maker
  • Forensic Expert
  • Lab Technician
  • Researcher
  • Veterinarian
  • Wildlife Biologist
  • Zoo Curator
  • ZooKeeper

Zoology Job Roles & Levels

Animal Breeders

Animal breeders play an important role by making a genetic process by selecting the animals with good traits to pass on to the next generation. Modern genetics have improved the rate of genetic improvement which also brings us to Advanced reproduction methods. So, the breeders select and breed animals like livestock to produce the next generation with desired traits. It’s moreover mainly used to increase livestock production globally. This field however requires good knowledge of Animals and the ability to choose a good breed.

Not only does this involve animals, but also in plants and agriculture. Besides, a breeder is classified on the type of animal they breed on. Above all, they take care of the animals and their offspring until the right time to sell.

Some breeders may choose to breed the animals within their home, they may be known as Small Scale breeders. On the other hand, large scale breeders have dedicated shelters for their animals. This however is not an easy job as they’ve to be careful and avoid genetic disorders in offspring.

Tasks of a Breeder –

  •  cleaning animals
  •  feeding
  • grooming
  • bathing
  • providing fresh water to the animals
  • giving medications
  • assisting during births
  • maintaining breeding records
  • helping with breedings

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 2.4 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 3.33 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 4 LPA

Animal Nutritionist

Animal Nutritionist takes care of the nutrition needs of various animals. Different factors such as Anatomy, Physiology, Nutrition decide the work of a nutritionist. But the field also combines other factors such as animal behavior, food processing, biochemistry, etc. This is an important area of work as different animals may require different needs. Hence, the nutritionist caters to the nutritional and physical needs of all the animals.

The Nutritionist further prepares a diet for the animals by checking their health, weight, calorie intake, etc. It’s done in order to keep the livestock healthy and productive. Generally, the nutritionists give advice to the animal owners on how to prepare a balanced diet and take good care of them.

Besides some other tasks of the nutritionist also include testing animal and pet foods, developing food charts for animals, quality control, etc. Just like us humans animals do fall ill, and nutrition might be the major cause. Thus it’s important for them to study the animals and their diet.

The workplace for this area usually takes place in a lab, classrooms, and farm. They work not only in public sectors but also in international agencies, research and education institutes, animal food production companies, etc.

Tasks of an Animal Nutritionist include –

  • evaluating the nutritional value of supplies,
  • feed additions,
  • providing grass and forage for animals and pets.
  • preparing diets based on the animal condition to maximize growth
  • monitoring reproduction, health, and performance.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 3.66 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 4.91 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 6.08 LPA

Conservationist

A conservationist is concerned with the protection and preservation of the environment. It’s however not limited to the environment and may extend to heritage, animals, plants, archaeology, etc. They may further adapt to other fields like soil or plant science, wildlife conservation, etc.

The workplace generally varies between labs and fields. So the work of a Conservationist involves interaction with biological and ecological sciences. A conservationist prepares effective measures to protect the environment and the life in it.

The position largely involves fieldwork as the main job of a wildlife conservationist is to collect and research soil samples. While also, preserving and protecting the vegetation from any damage. They may also test the water from the oceans, lakes, or rivers to identify the pollution levels. Not only do they identify but also study the causes of the same. On the other hand research work, planning, analyzing, testing, etc happens in the Lab.

Some other tasks of a Conservationist also include

  • Sampling plus testing of soil, water to detect contamination
  • Preserving the endangered species by taking effective measures and addressing the problems
  • Performing research for projects like vegetation revival
  • Prevention and reducing forest fires

Types

  • Wildlife Biologists
  • Research Assistant
  • Technicians
  • Game Wardens
  • Environment Scientist

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.23 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 1.56 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 1.87 LPA

Ecologist

An ecologist studies the different creature and their relation with the environment. This however is not an easy subject, as it covers vast areas of the environment. They moreover study the interaction between plants, animals the nature. It doesn’t stop there but is also about the behavior of the living with the ecosystem. A Career in Ecology may lead to different routes and work types. Thus some of the career opportunities for an Ecologist – Junior, Senior, Principal, Urban, Forest, Marine, Restoration, Wildlife. While the different types of ecologists – Wildlife biologists, conservation and environmental scientist, forester, botanist, etc.

So an Ecologist performs research, and tests before coming up with a plan or a solution. The work place generally includes fields otherwise labs. They also work in offices building 3D models, etc. Some may besides work as a professor in educational institutions.

The growth of research firms indicates a high chance for Ecologists being employed with a really good salary. The firm moreover looks for talented and experienced individuals with knowledge in the Ecology field. Moving on, the work of an ecologist generally involves testing, research, analysis, advising, etc. And the ones who opt to work in this field may need to work full or part time, work on an hourly basis, etc. An experienced expert will likewise earn higher as compared to the beginners.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 3.58 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 4.78 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 5.93 LPA

Forensic experts

A forensic expert is a responsible professional that collects pieces of evidence from a crime scene. And then further conduct testing on evidence, as well as perform an autopsy if required. This however is a challenging job itself as the expert must work in an unbiased manner. The candidate will further undergo a lot of tests and must hold some experience as well. They must also be able to distinguish between the real and improper facts as it’s vital when submitting an official record. The expert must also have the ability to testify and give their opinions to the judge. Thus, they play an important role when it comes to case handling and court sessions.

A forensic expert if in the crime field will have to visit the crime spot and perform an investigation. Some methods include particle collection, clicking photos, collecting blood samples, etc from the suspect area. Now an analysis

Forensics is an interesting field, and the ones with dedication, patience, and analytical skills will succeed in this field. Generally, a forensic expert might take up the role of crime scene examiner, analyst, pathologist, psychologist, etc. Moving on, the different sectors when they get employed are forensic labs, crime branches, NCB, hospitals, police dept., etc.

Important Tasks include –

  • searching, collecting evidence at the crime scene.
  • verifying the originality of reports.
  • testing fluid, tissue, blood samples to detect the use of toxic substances such as drugs or poisons.
  • giving, defending evidence in court.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.57 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 4.97 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 40 LPA

Lab technician

A lab technician performs diagnosis, tests, and analysis of the diseases affecting the living. The outcome of the test will likewise determine the treatment plan. Modern lab technologies play an important role during this phase. The technicians perform various tasks such as blood, urine, saliva collection, analyzing tissues, etc. Moreover, they will also have to prepare reports and documentation based on their testing and analysis results. Some technicians may also perform tests on chemical, physical or biological products.

A career as a lab technician offers a chance to have an important impact on taking care, by dealing with the samples of the patients.  Moreover, with proper skills, one can get employed in a hospital, minor emergency centers, private lab, blood donation centers, Healthcare, etc. Generally, a bachelor’s degree is sufficient, while one with a Master’s degree can expect a higher salary. So an experienced candidate can earn more than Rs 5 LPA!

With proper qualification and work experience, one can go a step further in the fields like crime labs, schools, pharmacy, military, etc.

Some Tasks –

  • Perform routine tests and analysis
  • Collect and also test the samples
  • Prepare a log report based on the test and analysis report.
  • Quality Control
  • Managing the equipment with total care and practicing safe work habits.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.22 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 2.45 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 5.92 LPA

Nature Conservation Officer

The Nature Conservation officers are responsible for protecting the environment, promoting sustainability, and educating the same. A product that’s not taken care of in long term will result in damage. The same concept applies to Nature as well. Hence, they work towards maintaining a good ecosystem. The work place generally takes place in the fields. So you’ll work in plains, forests, coastal areas, mountains, and rivers.

Some of the job roles in this field – assistant, technician, project, and biodiversity officer. With experience comes a higher salary but however one can just expect good salaries in the private sector. One can further start freelancing via a consultancy. Hence the opportunities in this sector are a lot.

During the early stages, the work can be a little rough as one will to travel different places in different weather conditions. One must also have good public speaking skills as you’ll come in contact with a lot of people. Work experience matters a lot in this field, as one keeps gaining experience they can expect higher positions.

These officers educate the public about wildlife and its management. Additionally, they also conduct surveys and capture the problems of animals. They further go on to investigate the reason behind the damage of crops and the field.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 2 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 6 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 33 LPA

Researcher

A Zoology researcher often performs research and studies animals and their functions. So a researcher can also work and teach in universities at the same time. Besides he can also work in government agencies, wildlife services, etc. The work place for a researcher generally is a laboratory or in the field. Therefore, a researcher will have to travel to different places depending on the location of the animals or the specific species. They may also occasionally breed animals to maintain their growth. Other works include the study of the interaction between plants, animals, and the environment.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 2.22 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 6.05 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 20 LPA

Veterinarians

Vets unlike Zoologists treat and cure the diseases found in the animals. They act as a doctor but for the animals. So they largely control and diagnose the diseases or infections and also treat the injured animals. A veterinarian service includes working in the private sector, teaching, private clinics, public health service, and similar areas. A vet moreover uses their scientific knowledge to help animals live a better life.

Some of the tasks of a veterinarian include

  • Diagnosing animal health issues
  • Vaccinating the animals against diseases, such as rabies
  • providing the right medication to the animals suffering from illness
  • Treating, dressing wounds, Setting fractures
  • Performing surgery depending on the condition of the animal
  • giving the right advice for animals to the animal owners
  • maintaining good health of livestock
  • Performing diagnostic tests like an X-ray, blood, urine, or feces.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.42 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 5.79 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 10 LPA

Wildlife Biologist

A wildlife biologist primarily studies the biology and behavior of different animal populations. Generally, wildlife biologists work in the education sector as a lecturer. One may also perform research in the government fields. However private agencies, zoos, and wildlife organizations are also known to hire.

The Roles of a Biologist –

  • Conduct census reports, projects, research, and analysis of complex data analysis.
  • Study ecosystems.
  • Trap, tag (fixing GPS censors on animals) or relocate animals for protection purposes.
  • Develop land and water use plans.
  • Work towards saving endangered species.
  • Study the effect of harmful substances released by the commercial on animals
  • Study and prevent wildlife disease transmission.
  • Interact with animals for a better local wildlife ecosystem
  • publish scientific research papers, reports, and articles to explain their opinions.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 3.39 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 4.51 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 5.58 LPA

Wildlife Educator

Wildlife educators are teachers or lecturers in educational institutions and promote the subject of wildlife. They have to always be updated with environmental changes. The educators moreover help individuals to graduate in the specific field by proving them with the required resources. They also conduct research on new topics to advance their knowledge in that specific field. It doesn’t stop there, as they publish scientific research papers, reports, and articles to explain their opinions.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 3 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 6 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 8 LPA

Zookeeper

Zookeepers are animal caretakers inside the Zoo. They regularly provide food and water to the animals. The Zookeeper also maintains the hygiene of the animals by cleaning them regularly. Some of the tasks include –

  • Planning diet for animals
  • Monitoring the eating habits of the animals
  • Report unusual behavior or any sign of injury to the veterinarians
  • Training and exercising animals
  • Raising young animals
  • Bathing  and cleaning animals
  • providing medications
  • Educating zoo visitors on what not to do, answering questions, and explaining about the animal.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.25 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 1.55 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 1.81 LPA

Zoology faculty

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.3 LPA

Average Salary for Mid Experienced: Rs 1.61 LPA

The Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 1.9 LPA

Frequently Asked Questions About Zoology in India

Why is zoology important?

Zoology has a huge impact on the way we see and protect the environment. It moreover brings improvement in the scientific research and development areas. This all is a result of the study of evolution, genetics, physiology, behavior, environments, and the link between the animals, plants with the ecosystem. By studying all these we will get an idea of the functions and interaction of nature with living creatures in general. We will further start to appreciate Nature and protect it for the future generation of species. Zoology is the answer to natural disasters that take place around the world. Such incidents include global warming, heat waves, wildfires, etc. We also learn how to protect and preserve nature and the species in the ecosystem.

What are the Key Skills needed in zoology?

Ability to work both independently as well as a Team Payer Knowledge of computer modelling and simulations Project management skills, fieldwork, Public speaking skills Specialist zoological knowledge
Analytical skills Knowledge of physiological diagnostics Quantitative reasoning Strong research skills
Data handling skills Presentation and oral communication skills Scientific creativity Use of geographic information systems (GIS)
Information Technology skills Problem solving skills Self management and organization skills Written communication skills

Which branch is best in zoology?

Zoology itself has a lot of branches and there is as such the best branch. Since all the branches contribute towards the same goal. The branches include Classification, Vertebrate and Invertebrate Zoology, Structural Zoology, Physiology, Developmental Biology, Evolutionary Biology, Ethology, Biogeography, Molecular Biology.

Classification

Scientists use Classification as a method by which they can group different organisms based on their traits and classify them based on the genus and species. evolution, anatomy, physiology, behavior, habitats, and health of animals and humans. It also specifies some set of rules when writing the name of the species. So, it’s ideal to capitalize the first letter of the genus and put the species name in lowercase. However, the whole term can either be italicized or underlined.

Vertebrate and Invertebrate Zoology

Vertebrate Zoology’s a field of study involving vertebrate animals, animals with a back backbone, such as fish, birds, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles.

Structural Zoology

This specific Zoology or Cell Biology field studies the structural properties of the cells which includes the study of their behavior and interactions with the environment.

Physiology

Now we all know that a living organism will have a structure that works all together in a single function. Hence, the field focuses on or studies the various processes of living such as the mechanical, physical, and biochemical. It moreover, allows us to understand the entire function.

Developmental Biology

It’s the study of reproduction and growth in animals and plants such as sexual and asexual, regeneration, growth of stem cells, etc.

Evolutionary Biology

It’s a subfield in Biology that studies the evolution process of various species on Earth. The field’s moreover concerned with the origin and family of the species and besides their evolution.

Ethology

It reveals the behavior of animals under many natural conditions and how they survive on top of all situations.

Biogeography

Bio geography studies the spatial dispersion of the species on earth, it further includes topics such as climate change, migration, etc. It obtains concepts from other areas like geology, taxonomy, ecology, etc.

Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology unlike others studies the genetic development and mechanisms in plants and animals. This as a result provides answers to the structure and inheritance of genes.

Is zoology hard?

No, Zoology isn’t hard if studied with dedication. Although, the subjects n Zoology may be a little new as it’s not what we mean in the previous classes. However, a fully focussed candidate will excel in this field. Besides, becoming a zoologist takes a lot of hard work as it requires a lot of dedication to study the subject. But in the end, you’ll be rewarded after you’ve successfully set yourself in the Zoology field. The field further involves a lot of research work and analysis which in turn requires patience. If we look at Zoology in a nutshell, the path may be hard but the destination will reward the best.

What is zoology all about?

Zoology is a branch of biology that deals with the study of animals and their biological presence such as evolution, structure, etc, and further involves study about their role in the ecosystem. The branch likewise allows us, humans to research more about the history of the animals. So, it mainly focuses on form and function, changes, links between groups, behavior, and ecology. Since Zoology itself’s a vast field, it’s subdivided into areas such as class, biology, biochemistry, and evolution or growth. WIth Zoology one can learn more about the plants and animals and how they interact with the ecosystem. A Zoologist likewise can work as Animal Behaviour and conservationists, Wildlife educators, biologists, Zoo curators, Zoology staff, Forensic experts, lab technicians, and Veterinarians.

How is the Application Process for BSc Zoology?

  • The candidates must first visit the official University Website to check the courses available, facilities, etc
  • Most of the universities will feature a brochure to help the students decide the course, as it’ll contain the list of subjects in the course.
  • After the selection of the course, click on apply and it’ll redirect you to an Application form. The mode of application however might vary depending on the University.
  • You may be asked to create an account by using the mobile number or email id and login
  • You will later receive an email or SMS on registration.
  • The students must further submit all the academic qualifications as asked in the application and upload the same if necessary.
  • Now carefully select the course and pay the application fee.
  • The fee can either be paid online or offline (if applied offline)
  • Above all, one must click submit / apply which will confirm the application of the candidate.
  • Later, the selected students will be notified and will have come along with all the necessary details to confirm their seats.

Note – The application process fr the BSc Zoology course moreover remains the same across all the institutions in India. However, candidates are expected to confirm the same with the Universities.

How to become Zoologist?

Becoming a Zoologist isn’t a hard task if one is determined and dedicated

Step 1: Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree in Zoology

One of the most common UG courses in India that offers Zoology as a specialization is BSc. It’s a mainstream course as compared to other courses such as diplomas, certificates, etc. The core subjects of the course are Biology, Physics, Chemistry, and Math. Now the course further provides choice to the students to choose the elective subjects. It’s then split into six semesters with each of them requiring six months. Hence, the total duration of the course is three years.

The students will likewise learn the basic and little advanced components such as functions, evolution, etc. In addition, candidates will also receive practicals that include specimen study, the study of protozoans, etc.

Hence, those wanting to enter the Zoology field can begin with BSc Zoology. A Qualified BSc Zoology candidate can occupy positions such as Teacher, Zookeeper, Lab assistant, etc. The field also pays well and one can expect an average salary between Rs 4 LPA to Rs 7 LPA.

Since the candidates are just entering as a Bachelor’s, they will have to gain more experience to seek better positions and pay. To increase the chances of getting hired, one can involved in aide activities and taking part in internships. The knowledge and experience gained will lead to the desired job in Zoology.

Step 2: Finding a Job with a Bachelor’s degree

Here most people may either continue their studies via the PG program or find a job and start working in the zoology field. It’s important to take up work at the entry level to gain experience. Just because the job is low paying, doesn’t mean you should leave. But instead, work and gain the much needed experience. One can likewise work in schools, colleges, sectors like zoos, animal care, etc. Besides, they can also work in various private startups, wildlife agencies, etc.

Step 3: Earn a Master’s degree in Zoology

Holding a higher degree always gives an edge when it comes to getting jobs. A PG in Zoology will open doors to advance concepts of study and also a boost in the career. The only requirement for this PG course is that the candidate must hold a BSc in the respective field. Organizations prefer candidates with a Master’s or a Ph.D. as they will likewise have more knowledge and experience as compared to the Bachelor’s. Since higher degree courses like the Master’s and the Ph.D. are more research oriented rather than theories. So the candidates would carry out original research and document it.

Step 4: Working as a Zoologist

After obtaining the desired qualification, it may be the perfect time to get employed as a Zoologist in the Zoology sector. This will provide you jobs with higher positions and will come with higher salaries as well. Teaching and Research might be a good option for those having qualified for the Ph.D. program. One can further join national and international organizations and kick start their career as a Zoologist!

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List of Universities offering Zoology
List of Universities