A sociology degree will examine and discover human activities across several societies, generally from a worldwide viewpoint. 

The first year will frequently assist as an overview to problems in modern sociology and social as well as political issues, offering the chances for candidates to determine the characteristics of sociology that interest them the most.  

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Components will then become more particular in the second year and therefore the third year, splitting out across a variety of several topics counting gender equality, politics and equality, as well as race and culture. Most institutions of higher education will also demonstrate social research abilities, which will be combined across the degree course.

Universities will sometimes provide the chance to select from a variety of components so candidates can adjust their learning course to fulfill their needs and interests. In the final year, candidates will generally organize a piece of sociological research, which will draw on the research skills learned through the programme.

What is Sociology?

Sociology is a social science connected with the learning of society and human behavior and also relationships. It uses practical investigation and critical study to recognize social order and issues and alters within society, organizations, and also networks.

The subject matter is varied and can cover anything from social class, poverty, crime, race, law, education, and more theoretical wider problems such as the influence of fundamental change to complete societies.

History of Sociology

The study of human social relationships, society social communication and culture surrounds and makes an influence on our daily routines. In simple terms, Sociology can be well-defined as the universal science of society. The traditional emphasis of sociology comprises social communication related to social class, religion, secularization, gender, social mobility, law, as well as deviance. Sociology covers all domains of human action which choice from the military to the internet, institute of medicine, education, economy, social capital, and other several features which disturb human lives.

The 21st century has seen growth logically, statistically, as well as in terms of several other methods. There are well-known theorists who have played a key role in the arena of Sociology such as Karl Marx, Auguste Comte, who set out to improve technically justified schemes in the wake of the European development and secularization, harmed by different main activities in the viewpoints of history and science. Herbert Spencer was one of the prevalent sociologists and is the one who invented the term, ‘Survival of the fittest.

Sociologists stress the assembly and study the sign of how social life has altered according to the time. Sociologists organize research techniques and theories on the shaping of human lifestyles and social issues. Some of the focussed areas in Sociology are applied sociology, comparative sociology, community, collective behavior, cultural sociology, demography, as well as crime and delinquency.

Types of Sociology

There are two types of sociology and includes qualitative sociology and quantitative sociology. Qualitative sociology is an academic journal concerned with sociology. It prints research papers on the qualitative understanding of social life. This also consists of photographic studies, comparative analysis, historical analysis, as well as ethnography. However, quantitative sociology approaches of sociological research method social wonders from the viewpoint that they can be dignified or enumerated.

Quantitative sociologists incline to use detailed approaches of data collection and hypothesis testing, comprising: secondary data analysis, experimental designs, surveys, and also statistical analysis.

Scope of Sociology in India

Firstly, it’s significant to understand the areas of studies that sociology as a field involves. Here are the main modules that sociology consists of:

  • Social Institutions – Social institutions cover those parts of the study that involve different institutions of society such as religion, marriage, kinship, family, etc. This area consists of fieldwork as well as case studies on these institutes, studying how they developed and were created in several parts of the world.
  • Culture – Culture is one of the key regions of research in Sociology. Its development, major activities, and knowledge of cultural connections are of abundant significance in the modern fields of research on cultural studies. This topic also consists of studies on social change and actions that were significant to the growth of the awareness of culture.
  • Population- This field of study consists of studies on several features of the population comprising statistical research on population outbursts and case studies on numerous countries and their population evolution and failure.

Sociology Work Profiles

Now that you are conversant with the scope of Sociology in terms of extents of employment as well as the profiles, here is a summary of some of the prevalent job roles a Sociologist can work in:

  • Researcher – Sociology provides enormous chances when it comes to the area of research. There are government as well as private organizations that organize research in the field of society. They also come up with topics that examine the actions of society. However, research plays a helpful role in understanding the diverse fields of social sciences.
  • Policy Analyst – Policy analysts benefit the law with policymaking. They assess different social as well as political disputes and address them in policymaking procedures. They also modify the current policies with required changes. Policy analysts act as a barrier between the administration and the population.
  • Market Research Analyst – A market research analyst supports private and public administrations with market research. They also help in organizing operative surveys for a product. Thus, report the results to the concerned business. They examine the comeback of diverse ethnicities, age groups, social classes, and also other states to a product. Also, if you are good at communicating efficiently then you should certainly discover this field.
  • Public Relations Specialist – A PR specialist works in the business as well as the government sector. They act as a connection between the customer and the company. A PR specialist should be decent with communication skills in order to generate a good public image for society.
  • Human Resource Manager – A Human Resource Manager arranges, directs, and hires personnel for a society. This profile also consists of managing supervision roles as well as performing as a barrier between the employee and the employer.

Eligibility Criteria for Sociology in India

The vital requirement to get admission into any college for sociology are provided below:

For Undergraduate Sociology Courses –

  • Successful achievement of class 12th from a renowned board with subjects of the arts or humanities stream, preferably. Some institutions of higher education, however, do not have a limit about streams taken up in intermediate school.
  • Applicants should have the least aggregate marks of 40-50%.
  • Undergraduate Degrees for Sociology programmes mainly consist of a Bachelor of Arts in sociology. The admittance for the BA sociology programme is generally provided on a merit basis.

For Postgraduate Sociology Courses –

  • Applicants must have finished a UG degree in Bachelor of Arts sociology from renowned institutes with at least 50% aggregate marks.
  • To secure admittance to Master of Arts in sociology, applicants must have passed the entrance test organized by their own universities.
  • Universities like the Tata Institute of Social Sciences organized a group discussion, and personal interview after the applicants passed the sentence exam. After that, a provisional list is out by the institute illuminating the names of applicants nominated for the course.

Sociology Entrance Exams

To study Sociology in top colleges and institutions, candidates need to appear for the entrance exam. Here we have a list of entrance exams:


Tata Institute of Social Sciences National entrance test is organized by TISS for candidates to get admittance into different Master’s Courses. They are situated in Mumbai, Hyderabad, Tuljapur, Guwahati, and more. The applications are out in mid-October.

Eligibility Criteria for TISS NET – Applicants applying for the TISS NET 2021 entrance test must have finished their bachelor’s degree or its corresponding from a renowned university. Applicants who are chasing the final year of their programme can also apply for this entrance exam TISS NET provided that they provide all the necessary documents at the time of admittance. Also, aspirants who are not able to clear their UG will not be appropriate to apply for TISS NET admittance. Only those applicants who succeed in all the eligibility criteria of TISS NET will be permitted to apply for admittance for programmes provided by TISS through the TISS NET entrance test.


Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test is organized by GG IPU for candidates to get admittance into different post-graduation courses. The applications are generally out in March.

Eligibility Criteria for IPU CET – Before applying for admittance, applicants should check the eligibility criteria of IPU CET fixed by the university. The IPU CET eligibility criteria of each programme involve different crucial detail including minimum academic qualifications, minimum qualifying percentages, and necessary subjects which applicants are necessary to meet to be suitable for CET. Point to be noted that IP University eligibility criteria differ as per the various course. Therefore, only those applicants who meet the IPU CET eligibility criteria can fill the application form.


Punjab University Common Entrance Test is a state-level entrance test for applicants searching forward to getting admittance to different colleges of Punjab University. The applications generally begin in March.

Eligibility Criteria for PU CET – Applicants must have finished their 12th standard or appeared in the 12th standard exam organized by a renowned Board/ University/ Council to be considered suitable to apply for PU CET under-graduate Entrance Exam. However, applicants fitting to the reserved category are provided a relaxation of 5% in the qualifying marks.


Jawaharlal Nehru University entrance test is organized by the National testing organization for applicants who are interested to secure admittance in Masters Courses trained at JNU. The applications generally begin in March.

JNU Eligibility Criteria – The eligibility criteria for JNU admittance are the minimum academic qualification and also other requirements required for admittance to their chosen course of study. Applicants who wish to apply for JNUEE admittance require to check the JNU eligibility criteria for admittances before filling the application form. The JNU eligibility criteria vary as per various courses provided by the university.

Top Sociology Courses in India

A variety of sociology courses are offered in India. Here’s a list of courses provided below.

  • BA in Sociology – It is a three-year graduation programme. However, to pursue this course applicants need to have completed their Class 12 from a renowned board in any stream and should have attained a minimum of 45% in aggregate marks.
  • MA in Sociology – It is a two-year post-graduation programme. However, to pursue this course applicants should have completed their BA course in any discipline or BA (Hons) with Sociology as a primary or minor from a renowned university and should have attained minimum marks of 50%.
  • Phil. in Sociology – It is a two-year post-graduation programme. However, to pursue this course applicants should have completed their MA in Sociology from a renowned board and should have attained minimum marks of 55% to be eligible for the programme.
  • Ph.D. in Sociology – It is a two-year programme. However, to pursue this course applicants should have done their MA or M.Phil. from a renowned university and should have attained minimum marks of 60% to be eligible.

Top Sociology Courses for Bachelors in India

BA Sociology is the most chosen UG degree to chase a Career as Sociologist, social worker, as well as counselor. However, Christ University is one of the top colleges to chase BA sociology, as it grips placement records of INR 6.85 lakhs. BA Sociology Admittance in Christ University is based on scores of CUCET, other institutions desire admittance based on the merit of the earlier exams. After BA sociology, candidates can chase MA/MS, and/or Ph.D. degrees in business, psychology, development studies, law, urban planning, sociology, as well as other social sciences.

List of Best BA Sociology Colleges in India

Here we have listed some of the top institutions for BA Sociology in India:

Name of the Institution


Average Fees

Average Salary

Loyola College


INR 10,140

INR 3.5 lakhs per annum

St. Xavier’s College


INR 16,569

INR 5.5 lakhs per annum

Fergusson College


INR 18,520

INR 5 lakhs per annum

Christ University


INR 1.3 lakhs

INR 6.85 lakhs per annum

Mount Carmel College


INR 47,800

INR 2.95 lakhs per annum

Kristu Jayanta College


INR 1.53 lakhs

INR 3 lakhs per annum

Nizam College


INR 13,800

INR 3.5 lakhs per annum

K J Somaiya College of Arts and Commerce


INR 28,095

INR 3 lakhs per annum

Lady Brabourne College


INR 10,527

INR 3 lakhs per annum

BA Sociology Admission Procedure –

The admittance to the BA Sociology programme is done either on the basis of the marks attained by the applicants in the 12th standard exam or on the basis of the routine in the entrance organized by the particular college or university. On the basis of the average score attained by the applicants and the total number of aspirants, a merit list is prepared by the particular colleges on the basis of which admittances are done.

BA Sociology Eligibility Criteria –

In order to be qualified for the BA Sociology programme, applicants will have to fulfill the following admittance criteria:

  • The candidates need to clear their 12th standard exam from a renowned board with the least aggregate of 50%. A 5% relaxation will be provided to the SC/ ST/ PwD/ OBC applicants.
  • The applicants must also have studied English as one of their key subjects in 12th In some circumstances, you may also have to achieve the cut-off of the entrance exam to be eligible.

BA Sociology Job Prospects and Career Options

Here, we have provided some of the most prevalent job profiles for the BA Sociology candidates along with the particular job descriptions.

  • Journalist – A journalist inscribes and proof-reads articles that are then printed in magazines, newspapers, and journals. They are meant to grab the attention of the person who reads through their works. The average salary offered to a journalist is INR 3.31 to 8.62 lakh per annum.
  • Public Relations Officer – Public Relations Officers are accountable for preserving a decent image of the business they are operational for. They also do so by carrying out operations and several other PR events. The average salary offered to a Public Relations Officers is INR 2.38 to 4.79 lakh per annum.
  • Social Worker – A social worker looks after the several needs of individuals and their relatives. They also work for the best awareness of human beings and purpose to bring about social improvements. The average salary offered to a social worker is INR 2.5 to 7.24 lakh per annum.
  • Sociologist – A sociologist educates social behavior by inspecting groups, cultures, as well as social communities. They also learn the various levels of humanity and their communication with society. The average salary offered to a sociologist is INR 1 to 1.2 lakh per annum.
  • Counselor - A counselor attacks the mind of a person and discovers his or her feelings and emotions. He or she offers essential strategies to their patients which will assist them to lead an improved life. The average salary offered to a counselor is INR 2.94 to 7 lakh per annum.

BA Sociology Future Scope

BA Sociology is one such programme that will cover your route for arriving in the world of industry, business, and organizations. You may also look for a job in several government departments. Also, most of the BA Sociology candidates go on to chase an MA in Sociology after finishing their BA Sociology. Some candidates also go for a programme in Mass Communication.

You will also get numerous other career options to select from. You may apply for the job post of Lecturer, Teacher, Counsellor, Welfare Rights Adviser, Community Service officer, Social Researcher, and many more. Some of the most popular work areas have been Human resources, Public relations, Communications Industry, Youth Services, Corporate research, Education Sector, Management, as well as Sales.

Top Sociology Courses for Masters in India

MA Sociology is a PG programme in the field of Sociology. This course has a total period of 2 years, allocated into 4 semesters. This programme rotates around the thorough study of society and various related mechanisms. The syllabus of Masters in Sociology consists of topics like Religion and Society, Sociology of Development, Political Sociology, Economic Sociology, Sociology of India, Methods of Sociological Research, etc. However, in order to be suitable for a MA Sociology programme, you must complete your graduation from a renowned college or university. The applicants must achieve minimum of 50% marks to be suitable for this programme.

The admission procedure is either merit-based or on the basis of the marks attained by the applicants in the entrance exam. The shortlisted applicants will be called for a Personal Interview as well as Document Verification. The particular applicants will be approved admittance to the programme.

Some of the subjects that are taught to the applicants in the MA Sociology programme are Sociological Theories, Sociology of Symbolism, Sociology of Kinship, Sociology of Development, as well as Methods of Sociological Research. However, the choice of the subject usually varies from institute to institute.

List of Best MA Sociology Colleges in India

MA Sociology is rather a successful programme in India. The programme is presented by several institutes. Here we have listed some of the top colleges or institutions to educate MA Sociology:

Name of the Institution


Average Course Fee

Average Salary

Loyola College


INR 40,000

INR 3,50,000

Jesus and Mary College

New Delhi

INR 34,000

INR 3,80,000

Nizam College


INR 54,000

INR 3,00,000

Girls St. Mira’s College


INR 30,000

INR 3,50,000

The average tuition fee for finishing the programme in MA Sociology ranges between INR 5 thousand to 2 lakh every year. The main employing areas are international organizations, law firms, public relations firms, etc. Some of the shared job profiles are consultant, counselor, administrator, researcher, etc. However, the average MA Sociology salary provided to the applicants lies between INR 3,50,000 to INR 6,50,000.

After completing the MA Sociology programme, the candidates may go for higher studies and chase an M.Phil. or Ph.D. in Sociology.

MA Sociology Admission Process

The admittance of the candidates in this course is done in two ways. It can either be on the basis of the presentation of the applicants in the entrance exam or on the basis of their presentation in graduation.

  • The application forms are usually free in the month of June.
  • The list of qualified applicants is generally revealed on the website of the college.

Here, we have mentioned the several steps of admission for both ways:

Merit-Based Admission – The applicants will have to successfully submitted the entrance forms of the colleges in which they would like to pursue the MA Sociology programme. Also, the applicants are qualified on the basis of the marks attained by them in their graduation programme. The shortlisted applicants will be called for the final step of admittance.

Entrance Based Admission – The application forms are out mostly in the month of May or June. The application forms can be completed and submitted online. After you have effectively filled the application form, you will have to appear for the entrance exam. However, the date for the entrance exam is released in advance. Also, the applicants who clear the admittance exam will be chosen. They will then be appointed to take admittance to the college.

MA Sociology Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria differ from college to college. Here, we have provided some of the shared MA Sociology eligibility criteria that must be satisfied by the applicants:

  • The candidate must complete his or her graduation in any UG programme. However, the candidates from Humanities backgrounds will have a benefit over others.
  • The minimum graduation proportion may differ from 45% to 50%. Also, the percentage may vary as per the college norms.
  • Some institutions also organize their entrance exam. So, the candidates need to clear the entrance exam in order to be eligible for the programme.
  • A certain lessening percentage is provided to the SC /ST / OBC/ PwD applicants.

MA Sociology Job Prospects and Career Prospects

The specialized career path is also extensive open for the MA Sociology candidates. They may attain jobs in human resource departments, law firms, as well as international organizations. Some of the common job profiles consist of consultant, researcher, administrator, etc.

The candidates may apply for jobs in different government sectors. They may teach at government schools as well as colleges. Various government offices also necessitate MA Sociology candidates.

  • Marketing Research Executive – MA Sociology graduates can work as decent marketing executives as they have a decent hold of cultural themes as well as symbols. The average salary offered to market research executives is INR 4,80,000 per annum.
  • Educator – An educator teaches at different schools and also universities in India. The average salary offered to educators is INR 4,00,000 per annum.
  • PR Executives – The Sociology candidates can develop PR Executives because of their information in civilizations. The average salary offered to PR Executives is INR 2,90,000 per annum.
  • Journalist – MA Sociology candidates can also form a career in journalism. This career track is also exposed to them. The average salary offered to journalists is INR 3,00,000 per annum.
  • Counselors – MA Sociology candidates can become outstanding counselors as they know how societies work. The average salary offered to counselors is INR 2,40,000 per annum.
  • Researcher – MA Sociology candidates can also carry out investigation actions in different organizations. The average salary offered to researchers is INR 4,00,000 per annum.

MA Sociology Future Scope

MA Sociology programme has a very good future scope. The candidates have a lot of chances to become effective in this area.

  • MA Sociology candidates can opt for higher studies. They may go for a Ph.D. or an M.Phil in Sociology if they wish to continue in the educational field. After that, they may either opt for research actions or teach at several academic organizations.
  • The candidates may look for jobs in several health and welfare organizations, international organizations, as well as law firms. Some of the most popular job profiles for the MA Sociology candidates include counselor, administrator, researcher, etc.
  • Jobs are available for the MA Sociology candidates in the banking as well as government sectors. In that case, they may have to succeed a supplementary exam.
  • Some of the top recruiting fields for the MA Sociology candidates are International Organizations, Public Health as well as Welfare organizations, Law Firms, Advertising Firms, and many more.

Ph.D. in Sociology

The Ph.D. in sociology is endowed to identify high accomplishments, self-governing research, and the use of methodical understanding to offer insight into the environment as well as social factors that disturb several groups of people. It differs from 3 years to 5 years to receive a doctorate degree in Sociology for a Masters’s degree holder.

The basic eligibility criteria are a Master’s Degree from a University renowned by UGC or any other qualification renowned as equal thereto in Sociology as with at least 55% marks and succeeding the National level entrance test or university level entrance test. National level entrance tests such as UGC NET / GATE / UGC CSIR NET / SLET or University entrance test comprising of written test and personal interview while some institutions of higher education offer admittances on merit basis for Ph.D. in Sociology.

List of Top Ph.D. Sociology Colleges in India

There are a number of colleges and universities providing a Ph.D. Sociology programme. A few of those top universities or institutes providing Ph.D. in Sociology are provided below for your reference:

Name of the College


Admission Procedure

Average Fees

Jadavpur University



INR 25,000

Christ University



INR 95,000

Jaipur National University


University Exam as well as Personal Interview

INR 1.92 Lakhs

Indian Institute of Technology



INR 1.72 Lakhs

Bharathiar University


University Level Test

INR 30,500

The average fee for Ph.D. in Sociology programme varies from INR 4,000 to INR 5 Lakhs for the complete programme. Furthermore, after positively finishing this programme the average placement package provided to the aspirant who completed a Ph.D. in Sociology degree is Rs. 4 lakhs to 15 lakhs every year.

Ph.D. in Sociology Admission Process

The admittance procedure for Ph.D. in Sociology is based on the entrance exams as well as on the basis of merit. However, these entrance exams are organized by the university or college providing the programme. Personal Interview rounds are organized. Admittance to a Ph.D. course is also possible at any time during the year through promoting the course in Employment News, web portals as well as newspapers.

Reservations are applicable to SC/ ST/ EWS/ OBC NCL/ PwD applicants as per Govt. of India rules.

Merit-Based Admission:
  • Institute or college may identify a higher credit requirement for their Ph.D. course.
  • It may also necessitate a distinct scholar to finish a larger number of credits on the basis of their background as well as preparation level.
  • The Selection Committee will call qualified applicants owning the minimum educational qualifications and sustaining additional and firmer criteria set from time to time, for an interview and/or test.
Entrance Based Admission:
  • National level entrance tests or University entrance test comprising of written test as well as personal interview.
  • Applicants need to register to the official website by offering their email id, mobile number, as well as password.
  • Filling up the online application form with personal as well as academic details and programme details.
  • Upload all the scanned papers like the applicant’s Photograph, Photo Identification, Signature, mark sheets, caste certificate, etc.
  • Payment of the application fees using Net banking, debit card, or credit card.
  • Admit cards will be provided to the eligible candidates based on the details offered provided by applicants.
  • Submission of the application fee and form, submit and download the form for upcoming allusions.
  • On the given exam date, applicants will have to perform for the same.
  • On the announcement of results, based on the marks achieved by the applicants and institutes cut off, seats and academic records of the applicant’s seats are allotted.
  • Applicants who have performed and qualified National level entrance tests are excused from university-level tests but they have to appear for a personal interview round.
  • Based on their presentation admittance is provided.

Ph.D. in Sociology Eligibility Criteria

  • Applicants should have cleared a Master’s Degree in Sociology or have sociology as a subject with a minimum of 55% marks from a renowned university or institution.
  • Applicants should have an M.Phil. Degree in a related field with a minimum of 55% marks from a renowned university or institution.
  • In the case of reserved category, SC/ ST/ OBC/ PH applicants relaxation of 5% marks or corresponding score is provided as per UGC rules.
  • Applicants should have good communication skills or the capability to precisely themselves orally as well as in writing.
  • Applicants in the final year of their courses and who expect to finish all their qualifying degree necessities before the third week of July of the programme beginning are qualified to apply for admittances.
  • Experience of senior level for five years of teaching/ administration/ industry/ professional.
  • There is no requirement bar of age to apply for the programme.
  • Applicants will be estimated to have the English language skills for their programme, however, some specialized institutions of higher education will teach in Urdu, Hindi, or other Indian languages.
  • Applicants with UGC NET / SET / SLET / M.Phil. are excused from performing for university-organized entrance written exam but need to appear for the personal interview round.

Sociology Job Roles & Levels in India

The programme emphasizes oral and written communication, non-profits and careers, race, class and gender issues, quantitative and qualitative data analysis, global knowledge, business-related subjects, health, education, organizations, social networks, gender roles and interpersonal interactions, marriage and family history, crime, poverty, and also inequality. Religion, history, and social change, social work, social movements, education, public policy, mass media, public health, religious service, not-for-profit as well as foreign relations.

Sociologists –

Sociologists use the logical as well as data assembly techniques they have thought on their way to a Ph.D. to help learn definite groups of people and nurture a better knowledge of why individuals respond to definite environmental as well as social events as they do. They make clarifications about race and sex-related societal behaviors and regulate the emotional and also physical influence they have on the individuals included. They can help local, state, and also federal officials recognize their specific residents and help verbalize policies. So, the average salary of a Sociologist is INR 6 Lakhs per annum.

Market Research Analysts –

Market research analysts use different methods of gathering data to regulate the arrangement of a specified community and better comprehend behavior. They then use the information they have composed to regulate the efficiency of a particular market strategy and existent detailed reports to management about their judgments to help them express new policies. So, the average salary of a market research analyst is INR 8 Lakhs per annum.

Social and Community Service Managers –

Public and community service managers are cooperating with influential in the community and also the government to control the resources and programs required. These specialists are checking the efficiency of recognized courses and also make sure they are gathering goals. They manage courses for community goals and awareness-raising. Writing subsidy requests may also be a vital component of the occupation. So, the average salary of a social and community service manager is INR 6 Lakhs per annum.

Sociology Professors –

Improve a prospectus, teach scholars, and may assist on university or college groups. Work is also a strong constituent of such situations, and for tenured posts, it is frequently significant to announce research in academic journals. The Faculty of Sociology may also manage research projects for scholars. A Ph.D. in sociology is generally a prerequisite of four-year university education. So, the average salary of a sociology professor is INR 6 Lakhs per annum.

Social Workers –

Social workers help government leaders recognize groups that need provision and lobby for services like food assistance, health care, as well as childcare. They also achieve a caseload of allocated clients, control what kinds of support are required, and grow complete objectives. They keep thorough records of these connections and follow-up with all associated people to make sure circumstances are enhanced and goals are met. So, the average salary of a social worker is INR 5.5 Lakhs per annum.

Management Consultants –

Management Consultants examine business issues, examine possible therapies or improvements, and offer solutions to clients. However, they are equipped with suitable problem-solving skills to help produce feasible solutions to sociological complications. They also have operative writing and public speaking skills, for reporting as well as presenting customers with studies and solutions. So, the average salary of a management consultant is INR 6 Lakhs per annum.

Demographer –

Demographers are population authorities who collect and examine vigorous statistics connecting to changes in the human population, such as marriages, births, and also deaths. They organize and execute research studies to analyze patterns in the populace and evaluate the influences of population movements. Demographers work for government activities as well as private companies across the country. So, the average salary of a demographer is INR 9 Lakhs per annum.

Community Counselor –

Community counselors can work in a range of settings, containing private practice, facilities for rehabilitation, mental health centers, or prisons. Irrespective of the setting, it is the job of a public counselor to work with people to grow suitable mental treatment and offer community defensive services. So, the average salary of a community counselor is INR 4 Lakhs per annum.

Research Officer –

Project officers supervise research plans and cooperate with members of the team to make sure the project residues are on a budget. They help to regulate the research project’s purposes, as well as research methods and other test limitations. Data may also be studied and examined by research officers during the programme of the project. So, the average salary of a research officer is INR 5 Lakhs per annum.

Frequently Asked Questions about Sociology in India

Q1 – What is Sociology?

A1 – Concentrating on the learning of human relationships as well as society is known as Sociology. It is a field that discovers the effective structure of people and its various social concepts from the idea of religion to class, race, family, crime, and much more. However, the scope of Sociology initiates with the association between human beings and society and develops further towards the social institutes that influence our lives and the issues that control the proper working of these institutes. It also sets out to describe how human beings have created these institutes, how they observe them, and the character they play in our lives.

Q2 – What should I study if I want to study for a sociology degree?

A2 – There are no necessary subjects that should be considered to assurance a place on a sociology degree. However, most universities will search to see if an aspirant has studied sociology earlier. But as not all schools provide it, it is not considered a requirement.

Other subjects that will be beneficial, however, are geography, psychology, history, and media studies. Any arts or social science subject that needs logical and research skills will be advantageous. However, this list is not rigid and it is always helpful checking out what your university of interest will ask for and which positions.

Q3 – Where can sociologists work and what are their job prospects?

A3 – The scope of Sociology is not just limited to Psychology, but also ranges to Public Administration, Management, Political Science, etc. Based on your area of specialty, here are some prevalent areas of employment including International Organisations, Media Research Houses, Rehabilitation Centres, Urban, and Regional Planning Bodies, Criminal Justice, Survey Conducting Companies, NGOs, Public Health Companies, Law Firms, Administrative Services, Universities as well as Schools.

Job Prospects

Sociology tries to examine social difficulties and contradictions that infuse through human society. As a subject, it has been investigated extensively in connection with Political Science, Psychology, History, and Law. Therefore, the scope of Sociology is enormous, and graduates in this area can work in profiles like Human Resource Manager, Public Relations Specialist, Office Administrator, Researcher, Market Research Analyst, Rehabilitation Counsellor, Policy Analyst, Substance Abuse Counsellor, Professor, Lecturer, as well as Teacher.

Q4 – What do people who studied sociology do after graduation?

A4 – Due to the logical and investigation skills developed during a sociology degree, candidates can smear these skills through a wide choice of careers.

Many candidates will opt to go in the social sector or work within kindness or the assistance sector. Therapy and advising are also one of the prevalent roles for the aspirants who studied sociology as their skills in understanding human behavior are improved.

Teaching, journalism, HR, and also marketing are also other businesses that the candidates who studied sociology enter into. Further investigation and PG study is another choice with many candidates chasing this path before going into jobs.

Q5 – What is the required skillset and course curriculum for sociology?

A5 – The skills necessary for various job profiles vary enormously from one organization to another. However, in the instance of sociology, these can be considered into three umbrella terms specified as follows:

  • Communication skills: Learning sociology consists of straight fieldwork and collaborating with enormous masses of people, considering them to take part in studies, investigating questionnaires, reflection, interviews, etc. Hence communication skills play a dynamic role in influencing the applicant’s career as a sociologist.
  • Writing skills: Being a Sociologist simply finding and evaluating the data is not sufficient. An important part of work consists of producing reports about the discoveries and also confining info down in a structured and readable manner.
  • Analytical skills: Applicants should recognize the importance of examining data, straining it, separating it into different findings as well as judgementally assessing the reasons behind the reactions. Hence the capability to examine and bring outcomes is vital.

Course Curriculum for Sociology

The curriculum intended for chasing a programme in sociology consists of several realms of sociology, extending from environmental sociology to political sociology. It also consists of subjects like social anthropology where the applicants dig a little inside into the underlying forces of how society initiated and progressed.

The curriculum also consists of essential electives like social division, social stratification, Sanskritization, and many more. Apart from data gathering, it spins around the occurrence of several systems in society and their after-effects. It also learns the consolidation of varied cultures and religions in one country. They also learn how these cultures have been supporting in accordance with each other since the start.

The curriculum is intended in a manner that produces interest in the minds of applicants as the units are advanced.

Q6 – Which are the top job profiles and top recruiters?

A6 – Careers in sociology mainly consist of direct social communication with several sections of the society to achieve various data. What is further done with the information regulates the job role of a sociologist. This information is mainly used in segments like corporate research, social servicing sector, education sector, public relations, insurance sector, communication development sector, publishing sector, and many more.

The range of work in each sector is varied with changing perks and vast potential for evolution in the work. The following are some of the job roles under Sociology. They are listed as follows:

  • Policy Analyst – The job profile of policy analysts consist of making several rules in association with the government after organizing proper research on social matters like health, safety, and also many more. However, the average salary of a policy analyst is around INR 5 to 5.5 lakh per annum.
  • Public Relations Specialist – The job profile of a Public Relations Specialist to launch a business’s occurrence in the minds of the customers. PR specialists also help in sustaining smooth communication between businesses and customers. However, the average salary of a Public Relations Specialist is around INR 6 to 6.5 lakh per annum.
  • Counselor – The simple job of a counselor is to work with individuals exclusively and in a group to endorse mental health and offer support and recovery services. However, the average salary of a counselor is around INR 3 to 4 lakh per annum.
  • Researcher – The job profile of researchers consists of gathering, categorizing, learning, and examining data to predict upcoming trends and solve various social difficulties. However, the average salary of a researcher is around INR 9 to 10 lakh per annum.

Some other job profiles include:

  • Sociologist – The job of a Sociologist consists of learning behavior within groups, research on various social standards, learning Complex structures, and also reaching the roots of different social changes. However, the average salary of a Sociologist is around INR 6 to 7 lakh per annum.
  • Administrator – An administrator adds to the smooth running of a business. The range of jobs consists of handling inquiries, visits, preserving files and documents, as well as maintaining records. However, the average salary of an administrator is around INR 4 to 5 lakh per annum.
  • Census Worker – The job of a census worker is to work carefully with individuals and also organize research by learning the demographics and assembling data. However, the average salary of a census worker is around INR 3 to 4 lakh per annum.

Top Recruiters in Sociology

The scope of sociology has established its foot in almost all the divisions in an administration. Several well-known International, as well as government organizations, have started searching up for individuals who have financed in studying the market and producing useful data even the business sector has put forth their requirements for measuring data that can help them grow their scope of business.

Other factors consist of political organizations that are interested to know the preference of society toward a specific political organization. Even the hospitality area strains sociologists to perform as the face of the institute because of their skill set.

This broadens the number of recruiters in the marketplace thereby raising the demand for sociologists. Sociologist assortment discovery and examining the information is not now an important part of work consist of producing about the judgments and also confining data down in a controlled and an understandable manner.

The top recruiters of this sector include Deloitte, Government Agencies, The ministry of statistics, Indian Defence Services, UNESCO, Educomp solutions, WHO, Infosys, UNICEF, as well as Excelsoft.

Q7 – What are the course subjects in sociology?

A7 – Subjects studied by candidates chasing sociology turn around the presence and significance of sociological features in domains like economics, politics, media, and also education, etc. A list of the few subjects studied by candidates chasing Sociology is listed below:

  • Social Anthropology
  • Sociology of Education
  • Change Development as well as Globalisation
  • Sociology Development
  • Life Skill Education as well as Women’s Studies
  • Social Institutions
  • Economic Sociology
  • Sociology of Mass Media as well as Mass Communication
  • Political Sociology
  • Social Stratification
  • Classical Sociological Theories
  • Social Challenges as well as Movements
  • Methods of Sociological Research

Q8 – What are the upcoming trends and careers in sociology?

A8 – The application of sociology turns into all the sections of all groups, whether private or government. Big Corporation companies make effective use of information collected and examined by sociologists and further form their rules based on those discoveries. There is also an extensive range of businesses that feed off of this information, which makes it a vital component.

All of this work is commenced by applicants who are well versed in Sociology and have the ability to discover further. A Sociologist can also hallow their understanding to teach sociology in schools as well as colleges and take up jobs in the teaching sector.

Community exploration work and family advising are also some excessive ways to dedicate learnings straight to society. Campus placements also help out an abundant deal in hiring postgraduates in Sociology. These features make it very realistic for applicants to get jobs in a surplus of companies, thereby spreading the career choices of sociology.

Upcoming Trends

Since sociology includes data achieved through conservative modes, there has been a latest buzz about refreshing the data for calm admittance and to produce numerous determinations with the help of that identical set of information a lot of research has been going on to plan approaches of artificial programming intelligence in a method that streamlines the work of a sociologist.

Other trends in Sociology consist of the source and disposition of generation Z towards definite fads. Some of the following approaching trends in Sociology are listed below:

  • Data science
  • The study of fads
  • Mass hysteria
  • Patterns of developing countries
  • Suburbanization as well as over-urbanization
  • Urban ecology

Q9 – How to prepare for the MA Sociology Entrance Exams?

A9 – If you wish to score well in the entrance exam, then you must be well organized in advance as training is very significant for your exam. Here are a few vital preparation instructions for you.

  • Identify your syllabus comprehensively. Some of the significant topics from which questions are usually asked in the entrance exam are Concepts and Theories in Sociology, Indian Society, Current Affairs as well as Methods of Sociological Enquiry.
  • Time managing is really essential. You should accurately split the syllabus into various parts and complete each part within a certain span of time. This will help you to complete your syllabus in a systematized way.
  • Working on previous year’s question papers is also significant. The exam will be for 1 to 2 hours. So, you must try to complete the whole paper within that time.
  • Make sure that you study all the significant parts properly before the date of the exam. Revision organizes a significant part of training. Until and unless you study well, you will never be able to score well in the entrance exam.
  • You must know the pattern of questions asked in the entrance exam so that you can study well and therefore attain a really good score.
  • Get hold of all the significant books for that precise entrance exam and read them carefully. You must also have a very good understanding of your graduation syllabus.

Q10 – How to get admission to a good MA Sociology college?

A10 – Getting acknowledged in a good MA Sociology College isn’t a relaxed task. Here, we have listed a few significant points that you must keep in mind if you request to get acknowledged to a good college.

  • Try to get a decent score in graduation. Your graduation marks will assist you to achieve the eligibility criteria of the college. You would need at least 50% marks in graduation to get acknowledged to a good college.
  • In case there is an entrance exam, be well prepared for it. Know the syllabus correctly and read all the significant pieces thoroughly. Exercise the earlier year’s questions and also get a suitable idea about the type of questions that are recently asked in the exam.
  • You must be well conscious of all the main dates associated with the admittance procedure like date of admission, date of entrance exam, etc. Make a note of all the significant dates so that none of the dates hop out of your mind by chance.
  • Get to know about the excellence of education provided by the institute where you wish to get acknowledged. You can do so by studying data on the internet. Also, you should recognize the educational qualifications of the abilities who are presently teaching at that institute.
  • You must also know the kind of placements provided to the candidates by that specific institution. It is also of great significance that you get to know about the placement situation of the institute. Otherwise, you may have to guilt later.
  • Make a list of all the institutions around you that provides a Master in a Sociology programme. Study their rankings appropriately. Also, read the ratings and evaluations from the ex-students. Thus, will help you to distinguish the college better.

Q11 – What is the future scope of a Ph.D.?

A11 – Sociologists study the various features of society from the standards it maintains to its vital social institutions and the character of human beings in society. Here are the main features you must know to recognize the scope of Sociology:

  • As an experimental discipline, Sociology examines upon balanced thoughts to discover social wonders as well as social concepts and how human beings perform amongst these circumstances.
  • Sociology has progressed as a Pure Science and an intellectual discipline such as Maths or Chemistry or should not be reflected as Applied Science. This is because it educates it evaluates the inner workings of society from various viewpoints and highlights the mutual patterns in association with human beings.
  • It is also a simplifying area of study as it consists of all human beings and not persons. It is anxious imperatively with human life and human connections and in this way, it is distinct from Social Science.
  • The main subject matter units under the scope of Sociology include sociological analysis, study of primary units of social life, structural and functional nature of social units, fundamental social procedure, as well as research methods.

Q12 – What is the future scope of a Ph.D. in Sociology?

A12 – A Ph.D. in Sociology is the main degree a person can achieve. Therefore, the future scope of a Ph.D. in Sociology is listed below.

Firstly, it’s significant to understand the areas of studies that sociology as a field involves. Here are the main modules that sociology consists of:

  • Social Institutions – Social institutions cover those parts of the study that involve different institutions of society such as religion, marriage, kinship, family, etc. This area consists of fieldwork as well as case studies on these institutes, studying how they developed and were created in several parts of the world.
  • Culture – Culture is one of the key regions of research in Sociology. Its development, major activities, and knowledge of cultural connections are of abundant significance in the modern fields of research on cultural studies. This topic also consists of studies on social change and actions that were significant to the growth of the awareness of culture.
  • Population- This field of study consists of studies on several features of the population comprising statistical research on population outbursts and also case studies on numerous countries and their population evolution and failure.

The future scope of a Ph.D. in Sociology

  • In terms of appreciation, there are also partnerships of expert societies that are provided to senior researchers, while these are all admired, those from national schools are more admired than those from subject-specific societies.
  • The career is varied in terms of the specialties from which one might select.
  • There will be quite some changes once you have finished your education.
  • Research institutes, private companies, the criminal justice system, foreign agencies, public health as well as welfare organizations, law firms, educational institutions, advertising firms, medical centers, surveys, and polling organizations are only some of the examples where individuals from this context are required.
  • Sociologists are skilled to recognize and also move various religions, cultures, ethnicity, gender, etc. Thus, government administrations trust workers with experience in areas such as sociology to handle problems within society that other groups face.
  • In this field, skill in knowing social relations, social behavior, and also society is in demand because the media reproduces and affects society and culture. One might work with promotion firms, publication houses, or as a professional in public relations. One might reflect being a journalist too.
  • Chase lectures in numerous colleges as well as universities.
  • Sociologists are in demand in the CSR to endorse practices associated with environmental protection, workers, communities, public welfare, and also other stakeholders.

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List of Universities offering Sociology
List of Universities