The medical specialty of ophthalmology is one of the emerging specialties generating a substantial demand in the current labor market. It is a career option for those who want to specialize in treating the eyes through surgical means. In this course, students learn how to diagnose also correct various vision problems through proper surgical techniques. A student’s learning process is enhanced through several practical sessions included in the classwork.
It has grown rapidly in India in recent years, with cataract-related cases of blindness exceeding 62.6% in India. The need for ophthalmologists is always present due to the rise of vision-related problems also cataracts. Graduates have also been hired in popular public hospitals also eye care centers with competitive salaries, in addition to private hospitals and clinics. Upon completing the course, graduates can practice as an MCI, as well as which allows them to venture into entrepreneurship.
A booming field, it is one of the best courses to pursue:
An ophthalmologist deals with anatomy, physiology, also eye problems. Surgery of the eyes is the specialty of an ophthalmologist. Depending on the situation, ophthalmologists can perform laser therapy also incisional surgery on the eye. Also, an additional four to five years of residency training are required after obtaining a medical degree. Depending on the program, you may need to complete an internship year in internal medicine, pediatrics, moreover general surgery before you begin residency training. The pursuit of a fellowship in particular aspects of eye pathology may incur additional specialty training. An ophthalmologist is licensed to prescribe medications, offer laser treatment, also perform surgery if needed to treat eye disorders. In addition to diagnosing and treating eye disorders, ophthalmologists may also participate in academic research.
The postgraduate study in India follows the completion of the MBBS degree. The doctor of medicine degree is followed by the master of surgery degree, the diploma, also the diplomate of the national board. During a junior residency at a medical college, hospital, or institution, trainees receive medical training also work experience alongside experienced faculty. As an eye surgeon, you may need to go through a fellowship, a registrar, as well as a senior resident program to refine your skills. Several state-level ophthalmologists societies as well as the India Ophthalmologist Society hold regular meetings and promote continuing medical education.
Approximately 600 years ago, the Indian surgeon Sushruta penned the Sushruta Samhita in Sanskrit, which specifies 76 ocular diseases (51 as surgical) also several surgical techniques and instruments used in ophthalmological surgery. So, the method of coaching was consistent with his description of cataract surgery. In addition, he was considered one of the first surgeons to perform cataract surgery.
Founded in 1930, the All India Ophthalmological Society (AIOS) is the oldest organization of its kind in the country. Besides, the Societies Registration Act of 1860, is a registered society. In the past few years, the membership of the society has continuously grown, as well as now totaling over 23,669 life members
|Ancient history||“Anatomical conceptions of the eye in ancient times were largely speculative. As well as Aristotle introduced empiricism to these fancied structures by dissecting the eyes of animals, he discovered three layers inside the eye. Within the eye, the scleral layer, cornea, pupil, also ocular fluid occupy the outer layers..”|
|Middle Ages||The Middle Ages were a time of slow progress in ophthalmology. In his work, Opus Majus, also Roger Bacon makes a major contribution.|
|Century 19||During the 19th century, the first ophthalmoscopes were introduced, which spurred the development of a deeper understanding of eye diseases and their treatment. As a result, ophthalmological conditions could now be treated and diagnosed with greater precision. At this time, glaucoma surgery was refined, and the results of patients have nearly doubled.”|
|20th century||As the 20th century progressed, the field continued to expand. Many subspecialties were introduced, including cataracts, glaucoma, pediatrics, corneas, also oncology, among other topics.”|
A science background is also required for ophthalmology courses, as with any other medical-related courses. There are many courses set up at different levels of study in this booming profession, because given the dire need for young ophthalmologists. Diploma programs are offered to students who are interested in practical experience while graduate degrees and certificate programs are available for those seeking more advanced training.
It can be studied as an undergraduate degree or a postgraduate one under a variety of streams such as science and medicine. Before making a concrete decision, students should understand all the types of courses offered. Also, there are numerous differences among ophthalmology courses. The following courses will be offered after the 12th. Here are some details:
UG Ophthalmology students take a course called B.Sc Ophthalmic Techniques, which teaches them how to diagnose also treat conditions and diseases using modern technology. Through performing diagnostic tests and handling ophthalmic instruments, as well as, they gain practical knowledge. Each institute has a different course duration for B.Sc Ophthalmic techniques, but the length usually varies from three to four years. Oriented towards theoretical aspects, so the coursework has an increasing level of difficulty.
By the end of the course, graduates will have sufficient knowledge and skills in diagnosing different diseases also disorders. In addition, courses will increase the students’ understanding of advanced ophthalmic technologies. Ophthalmology also vision technology offer immense scope for further research. Also, it is approximately INR 1.35-2 LPA for B.Sc Ophthalmic Techniques.
A master’s degree covers various topics such as biology, optics, ocular anatomy, vision, genetics, etc. Instead of studying ophthalmology practically, the course is more research-oriented. Also, it typically takes three to six years of study to earn a master’s degree. As well as regular study, universities offer these courses via distance learning as well. As well, you will be offered jobs by multiple research institutes like the ICMR, also MCI, etc., upon completion of the course. Aside from lecturing and working in the field as a technician, MSc graduates can also choose to work as lecturers.
PG study covers anatomy, physiology, pathology, also various techniques for treating eye diseases. This course offers students the opportunity to learn about advanced microsurgery, as well as intraocular surgery, etc. after completing an undergraduate course. In addition, graduate study in optometry can take up to two years. Also to studying anatomy, the coursework focuses primarily on practical.
In addition, course fees for a Master’s degree program are approximately INR 3 – 5 lakhs per year. Employers with high and competitive pay scales provide graduates of this course with jobs in outpatient clinics, hospitals, also medical research centers. Graduates also have plenty of options in the field of research, including technology consulting or publishing their thesis.
As ophthalmologists, we award doctors of medicine with the highest degree. So, professional doctors conduct the course who are well trained in solving every kind of eye-related problem a human might encounter. Also, this course provides advanced training for students who wish to perform eye surgeries. In addition to advanced topics like Vitreoretinal and Uveal diseases, the course provides in-depth coverage of many other advanced topics. Doctoral degree courses typically last three years. Each student must submit an ophthalmology thesis also defend it successfully at the end of the coursework.
There is a prime and advanced ophthalmology component to this course, designed to prepare doctors to treat the entire eye system including vision, corneal, and refractive An examination after surgery, also known as a surgery complication. Students who completed the courses with top grades have become Ophthalmologists, clinic researchers,ates, professors, also health consultants. As well as the average of INR 3.5- 15 lakhs per annum is charged for Doctor of Medicine.
The study includes lessons such as anatomy, physiology, and ophthalmological conditions. Generally, the course lasts about one year, divided into two semesters. However, school rules and regulations may vary. For diagnosis purposes, students must take basic anatomy lessons as well as ophthalmology lessons that require specialized training.
As a result of graduating from ophthalmology courses, students may find employment in a variety of state and centrally sponsored hospitals and even expand their scope by working for organizations such as the Indian Council Of Medical Research (ICMR). After gaining experience for about 4-5 years, also they could open a private eye clinic.
This diploma certificate program is sometimes referred to as DOT. Students will learn about such topics as eye examination, vision defects, ocular diseases, optics, surgery, also the like in this course. There are three years of course duration for 10+2 students and two years for 10+3 students. Students will be introduced to the technology behind eye diagnosis machines as well as eye diagnosis techniques.
Graduating DOT technicians are among the most highly paid technicians who train under ophthalmologists also can examine patients, treat eye problems, and test ophthalmic equipment. According to the institute that offers the course, as well as the course fees for a diploma in ophthalmic technology, are between 2- 4LPA.
Graduate courses in Ophthalmology is a postgraduate program that teaches anatomy, physiology, also diseases of the eye in postgraduate courses. The students unThroughout the course, students learn geometric optics, as well as light’s Spectroscopy and refraction, are properties. Also, about two years are needed to complete the PGD Ophthalmology course. So, for a PGD, the average course fee ranges between INR 10K and 15 LPA. After completing the program, the students will be obsolete to practice secondary also tertiary health care delivery systems. So, the job prospects for individuals with a PG ophthalmology diploma will extend to defense positions as well. In the military, navy, also air force, graduates can join the combined medical services as an ophthalmologist.
If there is high demand for the Bachelor of Science course in “Ophthalmology,” students may be asked to extend their registration to prepare to meet the demands of the course where the focus is on diagnosing eye conditions, operating intraocular instruments, also organizing treatment for visual disorders. In addition to conducting diagnostic eye tests, Ophthalmic Technologists assist other ophthalmologists during eye surgery or as part of the Ophthalmic Medical Assistant team.
With the increasing population of our world and the increasing need for ophthalmologists, as well as there will always be a need for eye doctors. These jobs are available forever. Also, fellowship training subspecialties are available once residents complete their residency training. Moreover, medical degrees and residency programs are the two most basic requirements for graduates seeking a license.
As a specialized branch of medicine, also an ophthalmologist has great job prospects. Health departments, nonprofits, also private and public hospitals are likely to hire graduates.
Candidates must meet the entrance requirements for entry to the U.P.S.C.’s Combined Medical Service entrance examination (CMSEE) to be considered for the position of an ophthalmologist also a senior specialist of Ophthalmology. As well as the entrance examinations for state health services are performed by state and provincial health services commissions. Air force, army, also navy ophthalmologists can serve in the armed forces.
The career prospects for ophthalmologists are excellent. At least one ophthalmologist is hired in every hospital run by both the public and private sectors.
Furthermore, medical professionals are needed in nonprofit organizations, missionaries, and charitable hospitals. Ophthalmologists can earn handsome salaries in private nursing homes as well as clinics. Moreover, having an eye clinic that they can operate on their own is more lucrative for students taking ophthalmology courses. For an individual with a postgraduate degree in Ophthalmology also a Ph.D., a teaching career is open in medical colleges. Therefore, with a passion for Ophthalmology Courses, a skilled ophthalmologist can research in many medical fields. Also, the self-employed can set up their clinic with the help of a skilled doctor. Ophthalmologists are also recruited by the defense service to serve as doctors in their hospitals. The Gulf countries, UK, and the U.S. are in constant need of qualified also experienced ophthalmologists.
Demand, as well as job security for future ophthalmologists, will always exist with the growing human population. As well as the public sector, the private sector, and NGOs, both Asian and European countries demand ophthalmologists.
Also, an ophthalmologist can establish a profitable private practice after completing approximately three or four years of training. Educators can also offer classes at college institutions and give seminars on the subject.
Depending on the specialist area, their sector, and job designation, as well as the average salary for an ophthalmology graduate varies. Freshmen may start with lower salaries than those in other streams, but as their experience grows, their pay scales multiply. Likewise, salaries in this field vary, with private hospitals paying more and government clinics paying less. The following are the top job designations and average salaries:
|The designation||Salary Average|
|Optician||INR 4 LPA|
|Optometrist||INR 7.66 LPA|
|Ophthalmic Technician||INR 5 LPA|
|Ophthalmologist||INR 10 LPA|
|Senior Optometrist||INR 8 LPA|
|Surgeon||INR 9 LPA|
NEET examinations are generally used for admissions to ophthalmology degree courses. For master’s studies, however, several other university-level entrance exams, except NEET PG, are held. These include:
One year of training in Anatomy, Physiology, also Diseases of the Eye will result in a Diploma in Ophthalmology.
The least eligibility requirement is a certification at the 10+2 level from a recognized board.
This course is offered on a selective basis, with entrance tests also merit-based admissions. Certain institutions may conduct interviews before admitting students.
Diploma courses entail a wide range of topics, such as visual life structures, ocular anatomy, physiology, optics, hereditary traits, genetics, pathology, and practical ophthalmology.
The following colleges are among the most popular for the Diploma in Ophthalmology program: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Medical College, Nri Medical College, also Armed Forces Medical College. As well as government colleges charge 5,000 INR to 35,000 INR for this diploma course and private colleges charge 15,000 INR to 1.5 Lakh INR.
With this certificate, candidate can begin their career in hospitals, clinics, public health facilities as Sales Executives, Associate Professors, also super Specialty Consultants, or OT Technicians. They can also pursue master’s degrees in the same field.
In addition, candidates may earn between 2.5 lakhs and 6.5 lakhs per annum after passing the Diploma in Ophthalmology (DO) exam.
Below are a few highlights of the course:
|Name of the course||Ophthalmology diploma|
|Course duration||2-3 Years|
|Admission Procedure||Entrance exam|
|Examination Type||Semester system|
|Course Fees||Up to 5 lacs|
|Salary||Up to 20 lacs per annum|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Indian Red Cross Society, Indian Nursing Council, State Nursing Councils, Kailash Hospital, Metro Hospital, Max hospital, AIIMS, also Fortis Hospital, Orphanage, etc.|
|Job Positions||Sales Executive, Associate Professor, Super Specialty Consultant, Product Manager, Zonal Sales Manager, OT Technician, Area Sales Manager, also Consultant, ophthalmology, etc.|
It is always important for students to check selection criteria before applying to any college for admission, regardless of their eligibility.
There are also entrance exams and merit-based admissions for DIPLOMA courses.
Diplomas are offered at a variety of schools. Many colleges conduct entrance tests before admission and based on the results of the entrance, test selection is made, while others give admission based on merit as well as a personal interview.
Step 1 – After registering themselves as a new applicant for a college or university, students must then begin their application process.
Step 2 – At the second step, all students need to do is fill out an application.
3rd Step – To verify your registration, you will need to enter your current email address also contact details.
Step 4 – Students are required to submit the required documents as indicated on the form.
5th Step – Then transfer the application fee to the bank for the next step.
Step 6 – Complete and apply.
The Diploma (Ophthalmology) program requires candidates to pass the entrance exam before admission. A few colleges accept national-level entrance exams, but others administer their state tests.
These are some of the most popular also common Diploma Exams in Ophthalmology.
Below are a few reasons to pursue an education in DO.
In India, this course is offered by many colleges. Also, listed below are a few colleges that offer the course.
|Institution||In India, the average annual fee is INR|
|Kasturba Medical College||INR 7,65,000|
|Seth Gs Medical College||INR 3,500|
|Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College||INR 29,143|
|Government Medical College||INR 24,200|
|Maharashtra University Of Health Sciences||INR 21,231|
Before the deadline, submit your application.
Verify that the documents are valid and up-to-date and that they comply with the instructions before submitting.
Do not compromise on any part of the syllabus, since admission into Ophthalmology is usually decided by the Entrance exam (either at the national or college level)
Your graduation grade should be good. Also, a personal interview and a group discussion are conducted with the candidates who have been shortlisted. Be confident and prepare accordingly.
It will take one year to complete the Diploma. This is a two-part course.
|SEMESTER 1||SEMESTER 2|
|Applied Basic Sciences in Ophthalmology||Clinical Ophthalmology including Refraction|
|Anatomy as well as Physiology
● Anatomy of the eye as well as the ocular adnexa
● Embryology of the eye also adnexa
● The visual pathways
● Anatomy also Physiology of motor mechanism
● Physiology of vision, color vision, also, accommodation
● Binocular vision also its development
● Maintenance of intraocular pressure
● The Neurology of vision (Visual pathway, papillary pathways, also reaction) dark Adaptation.
● Optics – elementary Physiological optics, optics of radioscopy also other dark Room procedures, and ophthalmic equipment.
● Physiology of aqueous humor and its circulation also maintenance of intraocular pressure.
● Maintenance of corneal transparency.
● Also, tear circulation
● Blood aqueous barrier.
|Recent Advances including investigative therapeutic procedures, Community Ophthalmology including national programs, also rehabilitation of the blind.|
|Pathology and Microbiology
● Pathology of ocular and adnexal lesions (Inflammatory, neoplastic, also lens specification, etc)
● Microbiology of common organisms affecting the eye – Bacteria Staph. Strepto – pneumococci, gonococci diphtheria, Morax axenfeld bacillus, AFB, also Lepra bacilli, Pseudomonas, etc.
● Virus – Herpes Zoster, Simplex, adenovirus, also trachoma, etc.
● Parasites, protozoa, and fungi causing ocular lesions e.g., toxoplasma amoebiasis, toxocariasis, treponema, cysticercus, hydatid, also microfilaria aspergillus, penicillium, candida, etc.
● Vitamin A also its metabolism
● Glucose metabolism
● Aqueous composition
● Biochemical aspects of cataract (Senile also diabetic)
● Thyroid function tests
● Also, tear film also its composition.
|Pharmacology of drugs used in Ophthalmology, Optics|
Below are the top job profiles also average salaries:
|A job description for the job||Salary Average in INR|
|Associate Professor||1.5 – 4 Lakhs Per Annum|
|Super Specialty Consultant||3 – 4 Lakhs Per Annum|
|Product Manager as well as Zonal Sales Manager||5 – 6 Lakhs per Annum|
|OT Technician||9 – 10 Lakhs Per Annum|
|Area Sales Manager||10 – 11 Lakhs per Annum|
|As well as Consultant Ophthalmology||1.5-3 Lakhs Per Annum|
Upon completion of the Diploma course. A Postgraduate program and a Ph.D. program are available for those who wish to further their studies. Moreover, the programs will assist the learners in improving their language skills. An individual with a graduate degree can work both in the government and the private sector.
Students seeking to continue their education in the same field can choose a PG Diploma also MBA program. As well as students must possess a Diploma in a related discipline to apply for the two-year course.
PhDs: After postgraduate education, then candidates who aim to become teachers can pursue their Ph.D. Moreover, students who meet the requirements for this course must have a Diploma Degree in related fields.
Paramedical programs are offered in many colleges throughout India, also including B.Sc. Ophthalmic Technologies. Paramedical colleges in India offer a three-year course to qualify technicians who can assist specialists during, before, during, and after a patient’s surgery. This course takes the student through the process of treating various diseases also illnesses related to the eye, known as Ophthalmic Technologies.
The B.Sc in Ophthalmic Technologies course will provide students across India with the opportunity to examine the current technologies available in India, as well as the processes and methodologies used to treat a wide range of eye disorders and diseases. Moreover, there is usually an internship provision at the end of most of the courses offered by Indian colleges.
In addition, the candidate must have passed the class 12 board to apply to this undergraduate program an examination from a recognized educational body. B.Sc Ophthalmic Technology does not have a specific entrance exam, however, colleges that offer the course may conduct their own set of exams to offer admission to the aspirants.
It is a requirement for candidates to have taken also passed the class 12 board examination from a recognized educational institution.
There will be no admissions process for candidates whose aggregate scores are less than 50% in subject areas such as Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
Colleges and medical schools will often have their entrance exams that are taken into account when considering candidates for admission.
Depending on the admission guidelines of the institution/college that offers the program, so B.Sc Ophthalmic Technology admission will be determined. Since no state exam-conducting body conducts an exam for this course, candidates aspiring to pursue the program do not currently need to take a national or state entrance exam.
There will be several testing processes conducted by the universities, colleges, also institutes offering the course, including an aptitude test, a counseling process at the institute level, and a personal interview. Each college will have its requirements, however.
The performance in the qualifying exam may also be taken into account when enrolling aspirants in the course. Also, a student’s PCB scores at the Class 12 board exam.
|Ocular Microbiology, Anatomy also Pathology||Optics|
|Pharmacology||Ophthalmic Instruments also Appliances|
|Clinical Refraction||Contact Lens|
|Clinical Optics also Orthoptics||Advanced Optics also Orthoptics|
|Investigative Ophthalmology||Ophthalmic Technology Management|
|Also, Community Ophthalmology||Eye Bank|
There are many career opportunities available to students who graduate with a degree in B.Sc Ophthalmic Technology. Graduates of the B.Sc. Ophthalmic Technology Career Options also Job Prospects can secure job opportunities in government and private institutions and even establish their practices. In addition, take a look at some of the career paths the Ophthalmic Technology graduates will be able to pursue after attaining their B.Sc.
Below are job profiles that might be of interest to students contemplating the course.
In addition, someone interested in pursuing a career path in ophthalmic technology can expect to make an initial salary ranging from 2 LPA to 9 LPA. A graduate’s annual pay package is determined by his or her skills, qualifications, also work experience along with his or her workplace.
Ophthalmology graduates can pursue a Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) program for two years also this field deals with diseases affecting the eyes. Moreover, graduates of approved universities or colleges with an M.D./MBBS or equivalent degree, as well as a one-year internship, are eligible to apply.
There are entrance exams also merit-based admissions for PGDs. As well as ophthalmology colleges renowned for their PGD programs accept the NEET entrance exam. Also, there is an end-of-semester exam for the PGD program. Moreover, for two years, the tuition fees for this course range between INR 10,000 and INR 15,00,000.
In addition to parts on physiology, optics, genetics, ocular anatomy, pathology, and clinical aspects of ophthalmology, a PGD entails a variety of clinical and service implications.
Optometrists, Orthopedists, Nurses, ophthalmologists, also other health care professionals can pursue the PGD Course in India. Moreover, after completion of the course, candidates have a variety of career options. Also, Starting salaries range from INR 3,500,00 to INR 15,00,000 according to skills and expertise.
|Course Level||Post Graduate Diploma|
|Full-Form||Post Graduate Diploma in Ophthalmology|
|Examination Type||Semester, as well as Annual Exam, Based.|
|Eligibility||The candidates must have a Bachelors in Medicine/M.B.B.S or equivalent degree from an Institute recognized by MCI(Medical Council of India), also along with a mandatory one-year internship.|
|Admission Process||National, as well as University Level Entrance exam, based.|
|Course Fees||INR 10,000 – 15,00,000|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3,50,000 – 15,00,000|
|Job Positions||Ophthalmologist, Sales Executive, Assistant Professor, OT Technician, Key Account Manager, Consultant Ophthalmology, also Area Sales Manager.|
|Top Recruiting Areas||Medical Colleges and Universities, Defense Services, NGOs, Government Hospitals, Private Hospitals, Nursing Homes, Pharmaceutical Companies, also Medical Content Writing, Testing Labs.|
Applicants for medical graduate programs should review the admission criteria of the institution of their choice. The admissions process is usually a combination of entrance exams also merit.
A degree in medicine should be completed from a recognized medical school. Also, an internship of one year is mandatory for all candidates. In addition, the Medical Council of India or the State Medical Council should certify the applicant’s registration as MBBS.
A provisional certificate or a likely completion certificate for the MBBS their Applicants may also apply for internships before the entrance exam dates. (Applicant’s qualifications/internships must be completed to be considered for admission)
PGD admits students mainly through entrance exams. Every year, there are multiple entrance exams at the national also college levels. To qualify, a medical degree from an accredited university is necessary, also along with an internship of one year. Check out the following PGD Ophthalmology entrance exams for more information.
Graduates of medical schools typically enter the PGD Ophthalmology program after completing their clinical training. And also, students are evaluated on an annual and semester basis.
Students attending the PG Diploma will gain knowledge both on the clinical and service ends of the profession. They will become more confident also adept in handling patients successfully.
Candidates can find jobs at both state hospitals owned by the government and at central hospitals.
The Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) is a prestigious organization as well as there candidates can conduct research work.
A diploma holder in Ophthalmology has a lot of employment options, including NGOs, private hospitals as well as clinics, missionary hospitals, charitable hospitals, railway hospitals, and defense hospitals.
Additionally, nursing home and private hospital staff can be found in the private sector.
Once a PGD course is completed, graduates can pursue careers in research or education.
As a final note, medicine is considered a highly honorable field in which its practitioners receive not just wealth, but also personal fulfillment from helping other people.
|Name of the institute||Fees charged on average per year|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi||INR 1,500|
|Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh||INR 3,470|
|Christian Medical College, Vellore||INR 7,000|
|Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bengaluru||INR 35,220|
|Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Kochi||Rs. 15,53,000|
|Kasturba Medical College, Manipal||INR 14,00,000|
|King George’s Medical University, Lucknow||INR 43,200|
|Madras Medical College and Government General Hospital, Chennai||Not Available|
|Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh||INR 47,570|
|Christian Medical College, Ludhiana||INR 3,90,000|
|JSS Medical College, Mysore||INR 12,62,500|
The PGD program in Ophthalmology lasts two years. Assessments are conducted at the end of each semester also annually. Also, an outline of the curriculum for the PG course is presented below. It should be noted that colleges may name their courses also subjects differently.
|Study Subjects||Covered Areas|
|Anatomy as well as Physiology||Anatomy of the eye and ocular adnexa, Embryology of the eye as well as adnexa, The visual pathways, Anatomy also Physiology of motor mechanism, Physiology of vision, color vision, accommodation. Binocular vision and its development, Maintenance of intraocular pressure, The Neurology of vision, the Physiology of aqueous humor also its circulation and maintenance of intraocular pressure. Maintenance of corneal transparency, Tear circulation, also Blood-aqueous barrier.|
|Pathology also Microbiology||Pathology of ocular and adnexal lesions – Inflammatory, neoplastic, also lens specification, etc. moreover, the microbiology of common organisms affecting the eye, Virus – Herpes Zoster, Simplex, adenovirus, also trachoma, etc. Parasites, protozoa, also fungi causing the ocular lesion|
|Biochemistry||Vitamin A and its metabolism, Glucose metabolism, Aqueous composition, as well as Biochemical aspects of cataracts (Senile and diabetic). Thyroid function tests Tear film also its composition.|
|Pharmacology||Pharmacology of drugs used in Ophthalmology, Autonomic drugs, Use of antibiotics also chemotherapeutic agents, Anti-inflammatory agent. Anti-viral and antifungals, Local anesthetics, Dyes used in ophthalmology, also Tear Substitutes, Drugs used to reduce intraocular pressure. Ocular penetration of systemically administered drugs also topical agents. Anti-mitotic agents as well as immunosuppressive|
|Optics||Elementary Physiological optics, Optics of radioscopy also other darkroom procedures, and ophthalmic types of equipment.|
|Clinical Ophthalmology including||Clinical Ophthalmology methodologies also including Refraction|
|Modern Enhancements||Recent advances including investigative therapeutic procedure, Community Ophthalmology including national program, as well as rehabilitation of the blind.|
These are some of the most common types of jobs, as well as the average starting annual salary for each of them.
|Profile of the position||Job Description||Avg. Salary|
|Ophthalmologist||Ophthalmologists diagnoses and treats eye-related diseases, like cataracts, glaucoma, also diabetes-related vision issues. Moreover, these doctors may perform cataract surgery.||INR 10,00,000|
|Assistant Professor||Teaches ophthalmology students and helps them in their advanced research related to ophthalmic diseases, academia, as well as innovations.||INR 9,00,000|
|OT Technician||Responsible for transporting patients, preparing operating rooms for surgery, setting up and checking surgical equipment, also providing essential technical assistance to surgeons.||INR 4,50,000|
|Consultant Ophthalmology||Performs or assists in critical surgical operations as well as has deep knowledge of ophthalmic treatment.||INR 13,50,000|
|Area Sales Manager||Marketing and sales of medical products also surgical equipment are the responsibilities of an area sales manager. In addition, interacts with various hospital authorities and is responsible for the overall growth of the business||INR 8,00,000|
As the population grows, so does the demand for eye specialists.
Postgraduate study in Ophthalmology focuses on the anatomy and physiology of the eye, as well as the diseases related to it. Physiatrists also surgeons who specialize in eye problems include Ophthalmologists. Several courses are included in Ocular Immunology’s curriculum, including Orbital as well as Ocular Anatomy, Gross Anatomy, Histology, Ocular Physiology, Ocular Pathology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, moreover Immunology.
If the MS program is completed, then research careers can be pursued. Ophthalmology is the study of the anatomy, physiology, moreover diseases of the eye as part of a postgraduate course in the field of medicine and sciences.
The program is a postgraduate program awarded by the American Academy of Ophthalmology, as well as which prepares you for a career as a doctor of medicine or surgeon. This course focuses on the anatomy of the orbital and ocular structures, the chemistry of the eye, the ecology of microbial populations, also the immunology relevant to ocular immunology. As well as microsurgery, intraocular surgery, and vitreoretinal surgical procedures, students have the opportunity to conduct ophthalmologic research in clinical settings.
There is generally a two-year course duration. In addition, those who graduate from the course are usually offered a salary of 60,000-1 lakh a month on average.
From important dates to exam details to top colleges moreover top recruiting institutes, here are a few things you should know about the curriculum.
|Course name||M.S. in Ophthalmology|
|Duration of the course||2 years, full-time|
|Stream of Study||Ophthalmology|
|Eligibility of the course||M.B.B.S.|
|Admission Process||Medical Council of India-recognized MBBS program with at least a total score of 50%|
|Average Course Fee||INR 3K to 5 Lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 3 to 12 Lacs|
|Top Recruiting Companies||Fortis Healthcare, Max Healthcare, Care Hospitals, Indian Council of Medical Research, Apollo Hospitals, also Kailash Hospital Adecco India Private Limited, Jaypee healthcare limited, as well as Meditrina Hospitals Private Limited, etc.|
MS Ophthalmology requires the following qualifications:
Applicants must meet the following requirements to be considered for admission to the course:
Our list provides the top MS entrance exams, also including the important dates for each examination.
|Exam name||The month of registration||Date of expected results|
|NEET||December to February||October|
|AIIMS||November to January||November|
|JIPMER||1st week of March||July|
Below are the important points for the MS Ophthalmology Admission Examination:
Here are the two-year syllabuses for MS Ophthalmology:
|First Year||Second Year|
|Basic Science in Ophthalmology||The lens as well as Glaucoma|
|Trauma also Emergency Ophthalmology||Uvea also Vitreoretinal diseases|
|Disorders of the lids, lacrimal drainage apparatus, orbit, as well as oculoplastic||Disorders of the optic nerve, also visual pathway Neuro-ophthalmology|
|External Eye Disease, Sclera, also Cornea||Ocular motility, strabismus, moreover pediatric ophthalmology|
|Optics and refraction, contact lenses, also low visual aids||Community Ophthalmology|
India charges an average tuition fee of 3,000 rupees (government institutes) to five lacs (private institutes) for M.S. In addition, here is a list of some top ophthalmology schools in India that offer MS degrees in the field.
|The Institute||The state||Tuition Fees (Per Year) in Indian Rupees||APPLICATION PROCESS|
|ALL INDIA INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES||New Delhi||1,944||The entrance exam score is used to determine a candidate’s admission.|
|KASTURBA MEDICAL COLLEGE||MANGALORE, KARNATAKA||15,10,000||Similarly, the entrance exam score is used to determine a candidate’s admission.|
|ARMED FORCES MEDICAL COLLEGE||Pune, Maharashtra||64,400||The entrance exam score is used to determine a candidate’s admission.|
|MAULANA AZAD MEDICAL COLLEGE||New Delhi||10,000||In this also, the entrance exam score is used to determine a candidate’s admission.|
|Sardar Patel University||Gujrat||20000||The entrance exam score is used to determine a candidate’s admission.|
|SRM Institute of Sciences and Technologies||Kanchipuram||20000||Similarly, the entrance exam score is used to determine a candidate’s admission.|
|NIMS University||Jaipur||3,00,000||Candidate performance is a determining factor in admission to relevant entrance tests.|
|Sri Ram Chandra Institute of Higher Education and Research||Chennai||2,00,000||The entrance exam score is used to determine a candidate’s admission.|
|Government Medical College||Amritsar||12,500||Similarly, the entrance exam score is used to determine a candidate’s admission.|
|Bangalore Medical College and Research institute||Bengaluru||1,00,000||In this also, the entrance exam score is used to determine a candidate’s admission.|
Offering total eye care includes vision services, eye examinations, medical and surgical eye care, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, and treatment of visual complications caused by other conditions, such as diabetes.
Private clinics can be started by students, also those clinics provide a substantial income.
As part of the Course, we offer treatment based on the assumption that treating the components of the visual system with medicine, surgery, diet, as well as other therapies will treat the underlying problem. Eye doctors are specially trained to provide a wide range of eye care, from recommending glasses also contact lenses to performing complex and delicate procedures.
Due to the rapid rise in population, the demand for ophthalmologists will continue to increase and job openings will be abundant. Following residency training, graduates may pursue fellowship training in subspecialties within the field. Also, a resident program is required of graduates seeking licensure as medical professionals.
When you graduate from a medical school or university with this degree, you can work in many different areas. In addition, here are some possible careers that you might consider:
You become eligible for a variety of job roles, such as:
|Title of the job||Job Description||In INR, Average Annual Salary|
|Product Specialist||Providing excellent product delivery is the responsibility of a Product Specialist. As well as having in-depth knowledge of a product or range, they analyze market trends, develop sales, pricing, and profitability strategies, recommend improvements, identify opportunities, and increase revenue.||2 Lakh – 6 Lakh|
|Clinical Associates||Clinic Associates provide administrative support to doctors’ offices or health clinics. You may also need to arrange appointments, coordinate telephone calls, record reports, and get patients.||2 Lakh – 7 Lakh|
|Ophthalmologist||An ophthalmologist — Eye M.D. — is a medical or osteopathic doctor who specializes in eye also vision care.||2 Lakh – 8 Lakh|
|Consultant Ophthalmologists||Consultative ophthalmologists are medically trained doctors who specialize in diagnosing, treating, managing, as well as preventing diseases of the eye and visual system.||2 Lakh to 3 Lakh|
|ENT- Specialist||An ear, nose, and throat specialist trained to diagnose moreover treat diseases of the ear, nose, and throat. Otolaryngologists may also be called orthodontists.||4 Lakh to 5 Lakh|
|Professor||A lecturer teaches postsecondary students at the undergraduate as well as graduate levels in colleges and educational establishments.||5 Lakh to 6 Lakh|
|Surgeon||A medical doctor who uses procedures or manual methods to physically alter body tissues to treat disease, also injury, or deformity||6 Lakh to 10 Lakh|
A 3-year postgraduate course in medicine, MD Ophthalmology consists of six semesters. Course content emphasizes anatomical details, functions, also diseases associated with the eyes. Among the topics covered in the curriculum are glaucoma, iritis, eye trauma, orbital cellulite, tumors, moreover other diseases that affect the human eye.
Depending on the institution offering the course, then medical institutes in India charge between INR 3.5 and 15 lacs for MD.
Candidates must have received an MBBS degree from a recognized university with at least an average score of t 55%. A postgraduate salary of INR 4 to 10 lacs is the norm for such postgraduates, as well as it increases with experience and skillsets.
Highlights from the course are listed below
|Level of the course||Post Graduate|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||At least 55% in MBBS from a recognized institute|
|Admission Process||Counseling after taking PG entrance examination|
|Course Fee||INR 3.5 to 15 Lacs|
|Average Starting Salary||INR 4.0 to 15 Lacs|
|Top Recruiting Fields/Areas||Top hospitals such as AIIMS, MAX, and CMC, etc.|
During their studies, students gain experience and training in areas such as eye surgery, optometry, contact lenses, and prescription glasses. In addition, there is a well-structured course for doctors that teaches how to solve any kind of eye problem that might occur in a human body.
Topics include basic as well as modern ophthalmology such as vitreoretinal diseases and optic nerve diseases. As part of medical training, doctors learn how to treat eye problems based on the results of analyses obtained through medicine, surgery, diet, also other therapies.
Doctors enrolled in the curriculum learn how to provide full eye care, including eye examinations, eye diseases, and injuries, also medical and surgical treatments.
Our directory lists the top schools in India that offer an M.D. in Ophthalmology program, along with their locations as well as respective fees.
|COLLEGE/INSTITUTE||STATE||AVERAGE TUITION FEES IN INR|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences||New Delhi||5,000|
|Peoples University||Bhopal, MP||8,205|
|Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College and Hospital||Sangli, Maharashtra||3,00,000|
|Christian Medical College and Hospital||Ludhiana, Punjab||60,000|
|Coimbatore Medical College||Coimbatore, TN||3,10,000|
|Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences – DMIMS||Wardha, Maharashtra||1,16,000|
|Government Medical College||Surat, Gujrat||14,000|
|Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical College||Nanded, Maharashtra||2,50,000|
|HM Patel Institute of Post Graduate Studies||Gujarat||1,50,000|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College||Ajmer, Rajasthan||5,13,000|
|Mysore Medical College||Mysore, Karnataka||3,45,000|
The following criteria need to be met by prospective candidates:
The following medical bodies conduct tests for postgraduate medical training for candidates with an MBBS degree and training experience:
Additionally, some medical institutions in India also offer direct admission to students with MBBS degrees also relevant work experience.
A section-wise breakup of the course’s syllabus is given below.
|Section I||Below is a section-by-section breakdown of the syllabus.|
|Anatomy also Physiology||Ophthalmic Optics|
|Embryology also Anatomy||Elementary Optics|
|Physiology of the Eye||Elementary Physiological|
|The Physiology of Vision||Optics Refraction|
|The Neurology of Vision||Refractive Errors of the Eye|
|Section III||Section IV|
|Techniques for examining the eye and treating it||Diseases of the Eye|
|Ocular Symptomatology||Diseases of the Conjunctiva|
|Assessment of Visual Function||Diseases of the Cornea|
|Examination of the Anterior Segment||Diseases of the Sclera|
|Examination of the Posterior Segment as well as Orbit||Diseases of the Uveal Tract|
|Ocular Therapeutics||The Lens|
|Ocular Microbiology||The Glaucoma’s|
|Diseases of the Optic Nerve||Diseases of the Retina|
|Intraocular Tumors||Diseases of the Vitreous|
|Section V||Section VI|
|Disorders of Motility||Diseases of the Adnexa|
|Anatomy also Physiology of the Motor Mechanism||Diseases of the Lids|
|Comitant strabismus||Diseases of the Lacrimal Apparatus|
|Incomitant Strabismus||Diseases of the Orbit|
|Section VII||Section VIII|
|Systemic Ophthalmology||Preventive Ophthalmology|
|Diseases of the Nervous System with Ocular Manifestations||Genetic Ophthalmology|
|As well as Ocular Manifestations of Systemic Disorders||The Causes also Prevention of Blindness|
|Systemic drugs – Effects on the eye||Eye Banking|
|Surgical Instruments in Ophthalmology||–|
|Surgical Instruments in Ophthalmology||–|
|Local Anesthesia in Ophthalmology||–|
|Lasers in Ophthalmology||–|
Ophthalmologists provide medical, surgical, and rehabilitative services to patients and prevent eye diseases, provide refractive and optical services, diagnose and treat eye diseases, as well as manage eye injuries.
In addition to being hired as Ophthalmologists, Hospital Administrators, Clinical researchers, Consultants, and Professors, successful postgraduates are also hired for many other jobs.
|Title of the job||Profile of the position||Salary Average in Indian Rupees|
|Ophthalmologist||Ophthalmologists are primarily responsible for providing quality eye care. Their scope of services ranges from medical, surgical, also refractive eye care.||12,00,000 to 24,00,000|
|Assistant Professor in Ophthalmology||Ophthalmology Professors teach students a variety of principles and techniques relating to vision as well as treatment. Typically, they provide them with instruction in the latest technology so they can access a wide range of services.||4,60,000 to 11,00,000|
|Consultant||Regular doctors call such ophthalmologists when the human eye is facing critical conditions. During an appointment with a consultant, primary treatment can be given, and the parent can receive recommendations for medication and surgery.||7,80,000 to 12,00,000|
|Clinical Research Associate||Medical experts, clinical sites, moreover clinical trial vendors collaborate with them to identify and develop new devices and treatment options for eye and vision problems.||6,00,000 to 15,00,000|
|Hospital Administrator||Hospital and clinic administrators are responsible for the running of hospitals also clinics on a day-to-day basis. In addition, their duties include coordinating care organizations and communicating with all departments of the medical body.||10,00,000 to 40,00,000|
To become an Ophthalmologist, candidates must follow the following steps:
To become an ophthalmologist, the interested candidate must appear in the various state and independent medical entrance exams, such as PMT by Punjab Government and AIPMT (All India Pre-Medical Test) by Central Board. In addition, candidates chosen based on their rank in the entrance exam are granted admission to medical colleges associated with it.
Several institutions offer separate testing, including AIIMS, PGI, GMCH, also AFMC Pune, etc.
After completing four and a half years of MBBS degree course, the candidate must take another Entrance Test to get into an ophthalmology specialty program. Also, the degree is required for candidates to take admission in a Master’s Program for specialized studies in the respective field.
Ophthalmologists who are awarded a Master’s degree can choose from government or private clinic opportunities after receiving their Masters’s degree such as AIIMS, PGI, and GMCH, etc.
In addition to commanding a solid knowledge of the eye and any organ or tissue that affects vision, ophthalmologists treat a great number of ailments. An individual’s sense of dexterity, eye-hand coordination, patience, as well as problem-solving abilities are essential.
Both NEET as well as without NEET are acceptable.
The NEET score is not the only factor in earning a handsome salary for medical aspirants. In addition, it is possible to earn a high salary without taking the NEET. These courses are also an option for those candidates who wish to pursue their medical careers but don’t wish to appear for the NEET 2021 exam.
In addition, it is possible to bag lucrative careers even without completing the NEET. Phlebotomists, medical lab technologists, nutritionists, ophthalmologists, also physician assistants, among others, are some of the career professions one can pursue without passing the NEET 2021. However, they will never be referred to as MBBS doctors, but this field comes with some perks as well
During the college entrance test preparation process, students can refer to the following steps-
Whether an ophthalmologist is paid Rs.40,000 or Rs.50,000 depends on his/her practice Aside from receiving other benefits like paid leave, accommodation, long-term care, etc., I am also interested in working with government hospitals. The salary range for professionals in the corporate sector is usually anywhere from Rs.1 lakh to Rs.1.5 lakh, of course with a little more workload.
Additionally, ophthalmologists who have good organizing and marketing skills can start their practices, and their fees can vary depending on their expertise and the demands in the field.
According to the present statistics of patients getting eye treatment, as well as an aging population with an increasing need for eye care, it is expected that the need for highly skilled ophthalmologists will increase in the future. Technology advancements and scientific progress provide new avenues for the development of skills as well as expertise in the medical field. Thus, the potential is bright for ophthalmologists, regardless of whether they are looking to develop a practice in general ophthalmology, specialize in a subspeciality, or focus on research.