Literature is about the written records of the people who wrote about poetry and the best prose of their times. It is a window that enables a person to peek through the writer’s world. People read and write their thoughts about what they think after reading literature. This exercise is quite famous for increasing people’s creativity. Activities like these help people who want to explore the dimensions and the eras of history. 

Table of Contents

So, the Literature admires the period or the era when that writer wrote that prose. Many factors divide the literature into parts. The factors are – the period, language, country of origin, genre, and what it is written about. So, these factors make all the literature easy to sort out.

Literature is divided into geographical regions of the world like Western Literature, Oceanic Literature, African Literature, Asian Literature, South Asian arts, and some Southeast Asian Arts. Other forms of literature or the ones that connect with the language, it is a separate stream.

Moreover, factors like the nation, language, or any particular subject are another stream through which the literature can be sorted. Example for this is – Biblical literature, Japanese Literature, Latin Literature, Arabic Literature, and many more others.

With these many variations and diversities in the world of literature, it is quite common for people to make mistakes in placing the prose and the poetry in the timeline of history. It gets interesting for the ones who love to dive deep into history.

Let us know more about the history of the literature.

History of Literature

The love of literature began from the times of the first writings. The first writings took place by the Ancient Sumer. The early Egyptians began the hieroglyphics and the Chinese began to write on the logs about the ancient Chinese regimes. Somehow, scholars do not agree about the techniques of the record-keeping of these regimes. So, they think that literature is more than what it seems like. There are many things that the literature includes, among those things is the writings. The writings that ancient people wrote and made history.

Even though, many people were writing about the cultural aspects of their society but still the development of literature was not up to the mark as the pace of the world was going. The problem that occurs after taking into accounts all the destruction is that many possible records of literature were lost.

Moreover, this happens now too, we might be more information hoarders but even now we lose important pieces of soon-to-be history because we focus on other not-so-important things. Like this, the library of Alexandria in the 1st century BC was destroyed. Another artifact like the stone table containing parts of the epic of Gilgamesh dates to the early 2000 BC and the Egyptian book of the dead which was written in about 1250 BC dates back to the 18th century BC.

Types of Literature

with this much going on in history and present, this chaos can not be easy to handle. The main types of literature are – Fables, Drama, Autobiography, Prose, Poetry, Journalistic Literature with science fiction.

Drama

A Drama is a type of play in literature. A play in the sense that actors act out their parts to showcase a scene or a story. The stories on which the play base can be fictional or non-fictional ones. There can be many platforms where a certain part of drama or the whole story can be enacted by professional actors.

Moreover, platforms like radios, stages, or even the movies that take inspiration from these dramas. Many rigorous emotions like conflicting anger, passionate love and character-building make a drama quite a high-quality one. There can be many types of dramas, like musical dramas, tragedy dramas, melodrama, and comedy-dramas. These dramas are self-explanatory by their names but let us look into them more briefly.

Musical Dramas

Musical dramas are a combination of drama and also music that bridges the gap between the drama and the audience. It can be a rich cultural experience that many of these factors contribute towards- Dialogues, music, songs, and dancing. One of the prime examples of a classical musical drama is the sound of music. With that, a modern musical drama that came out recently – A star is born.

Tragedy Dramas

Tragedy Dramas are a type of drama that has a tragic or dark story. The tragedy is all about the agony, sadness, pain, and many times death of the characters. These Dramas create such a deep sense of life and death moments that they can make you think twice about your life choices. An epitome of an example of a tragic drama is Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare.

Melodrama

Melodrama is a type of drama that tells about the emotions like excitement or tension. It is important to have well-written dialogues and justified situations that help in instigating the feelings of a melodrama. An example of melodrama can be ‘ Still life, Brief Encounter’ written by Noel Coward.

Comedy Dramas

The comedy drama is a type of drama that is quite light in the time and the purpose of the comedy drama is to make the audience laugh. The more amusing it is, the better. The comedy-dramas is the lightest one of all the dramas, ending on a note that happy and shows the bright colors of life. Another classical example of comedy-drama is ‘ the comedy of Errors’, written by William Shakespeare.

Fable

Fables are the stories that a writer writes to give the audience a moral story. There are many different characters that a fable includes like animals. Animals usually act like humans. They understand the ways of society and can have a perfect balance of reasoning. Those animals represent what humans go through. A well-known fable is a story of ‘ The Tortoise and the Rabbit’, which is quite famous because of its almost human life-like moral.

Autobiography

Autobiographies are all about a person’s life. It is written by the person. They write it to tell the world about their own lives. Their lives and the lives that connect with them. Their personal experiences and their perspectives are shown in the autobiographies. Autobiographies give out insights about what the person has been through, and people get a window to that particular person’s life. So, the well-known autobiographers tell about their life and the story to their fans in such a way that it seems quite interesting. An example of an autobiography can be, ‘ The Diary of a Young Girl, by Anne Frank.

Moreover, Autobiography is an interesting thing to read because the teller of the story is the one, about who the story is. The character himself is the writer and describes his life from his original perspective and experiences. It gives you an insight into the person that is writing it because they share their true-life events and thoughts. Mostly, famous people write autobiographies to tell their stories to their fans and the world. A famous and spectacular example of autobiography is ‘The Diary of a Young Girl, a book by Anne Frank.

Biography

Literature’s other branch is biography. Biography is about the story of a person from the perspective of another person. A professional person could know that person whom they are writing about or they can study the life of their subject. Biography is much different from a CV/Resume as it defines the person’s life from various angles and perspectives. A classic given example of biography is ‘Unbroken: A world war II story of survival, resilience, and redemption, written by Laura Hillenbrand.

Poetry

Literature gives another beautiful branch of literature. Poetry contains many features like lyrics, rhythm, and sound. Many well-known poets last forever all because of their work. Some of their work depicts the purest forms of Adoration, Love, and agony. These emotions plus all the other powerful ones which fume the engine of life.

Moreover, These poems develop emotions from the perspective of the poet that most of the time strike the hearts and minds of the listeners too. The words of poets sometimes are in perfect rhymes and sometimes they match perfectly with the lines. The main types of poetry are Free verse, Haiku, sonnet, and acrostic poems. An example of the poem is the road not taken, by Robert Frost.

Prose

The prose in literature is the simplest form of it. As it is quite easy to write and quite simple to understand. The grammar structure of this branch of literature is quite on a low bar. The tone of the prose is quite light and usual. It forms a conversational tone or a person’s natural tone. So, Prose can be anything, it is not bound to the rules of the literature or grammar. The word’s length and the pattern can be of your wish, either it can be long or short. Some examples of prose can be novels, textbooks, and notebooks.

Science Fiction

Sci-Fi, the hottest topic of the 21st century is a literature branch that is based mostly on imaginary things. Science Fiction is all about the new technology or the ones which are just a thought yet. It’s the latter one, mostly. The writer tends to write about the stuff or new techniques that would exist in the future or at least in some time.

So, These stories have a relationship with the real-time science laws and they take it as a base for future generations to create technology that is already existing right now. The stories that exist right now can inspire this generation to create technology that might exist someday. Few examples of science fiction are Terminator by James Cameron, A wrinkle in time by Madeleine L’Engle and the latest one is Spies in Disguise, by the Blue Sky Studios.

Journalistic Literature

This branch of literature relates to the real world rather than the imaginary one. A non – fiction branch of literature is Journalistic Literature. This type of literature covers the facts as well as the strategies for references on the spot, with some narrative techniques.

Moreover, a combination of all these factors makes the story or factual reports more interesting and eye-catching. You can spot famous Journalists on well-known news channels. Some of them go under a secret name as they want to keep their identity hidden.

Scope of Literature in India

Literature is a type of language which is unique. We can not say that we do not use English in our daily lives. We do. As we use it extensively. In India, English is still in high demand, and if we talk about English, we can not miss the literature. And, literature is a vital part of this language if you want to learn about it from the basics or want to dive to the deep depths of this language. Literature of any language helps in understanding the origins of the language as well as how it progressed. You can even compare what it has been through to reach our current modern levels.

Moreover, if we talk about the job opportunities in India for a Graduate degree or a BA in English Literature, you can get jobs easily. These jobs are quite laid back and easy on the professional front. In India, either you can start earning after your graduation or you can easily do your post-graduation and earn more with progression in years. If the person wants to become a teacher then they can go for their BA in English and after that, they can complete the B.Ed to be a teacher in any school they wish.

Another teaching line is that the person should complete their studies with a master’s degree in English literature and look out for opportunities for getting a job as a senior or junior lecturer. The person needs to secure at least 55% in their academic journey and good command of English with the skills like writing, reading, speaking, and listening.

Eligibility Criteria for Literature in India

The eligibility criteria for the admission in any of the course of English literature is quite approachable and easy to guide. Any colleges would give you admission if you check out these specifications –

  1. The students looking for a graduate degree in the field of literature need to complete their 10+2 level of examination with at least 50% of a score from a recognized board by the country.
  1. The student needs to study English in their time of schooling.
  1. With this, they might need to clear out the entrance exams that some of the institutes take to refine the students.

And, the student needs to check regularly about the new updates and the notifications from the colleges for further information. As new specifications might be added according to the college’s need or the board’s need.

The eligibility criteria for the Masters in English literature –

  1. The students who want to pursue their masters in English literature need to complete their graduation in the field of English or at least in the field that relates to English.
  1. The students need to score at least 50% of marks in their graduation.

There will be exams conducted by the universities that the person needs to clear out for admission. Now, it is time to talk about those exams.

Literature entrance exams

The admissions in the graduation degrees are on either merit basis or the entrance exams. Most of the exams that are specifically for admission to the English literature course are like BHU UET, DUET, and many more. The left out colleges those which does not take any sort of entrance exams simply take on admissions based on merit or interviews by the colleges.

The duration of the course is of 3 years. With this, the course is offered either full-time or in distance learning by institutions throughout India.

Moreover, the students who are eligible for the course are the ones with 10+2 schooling from a known board of the country to get into any courses of literature. The people who graduate from this course can become a teacher, lecturer, content writer, advertiser, publisher and many more. The field of Literature opens up many high-class leagues for the ones who want to work as a professional translators with reputed placements.

Now, many entrance exams take place on the behalf of various institutes some of them are –

  • DUET – Delhi University entrance test
  • LPU NEST – Lovely Professional Univesity Entrance Test
  • BHU UET -Banaras Hindu University Entrance Test
  • CUET – Christ University Entrance Test
  • JNUEE – Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Exam.

DUET

DUET is the Delhi University Entrance Test, it is a national level exam. NTA (National Testing Agency) is the agency that takes the exam on the behalf of Delhi University every time in the year.

The mode of this exam is computer-based and every notification is available online only. The exam is taken at various test centers of the Delhi University campus. And, 40 and more colleges accept the scores of the DUET for admission in college.

The candidates eligible for the DUET are the ones who have completed their 10+2 that too with at least 60% of minimum marks.

Moreover, the person can check out the details of the admission on their website and register for the same. They need to upload the necessary documents and also, photographs. The fee for the registration is Rs 750 (Check the latest fees from the site). The candidate needs to download the admit card with the application form for any future results. Then, after giving the exam the candidate needs to check on the sites regularly and get counseling to get a seat at the college they desire, which is affiliated with DU. Many of the colleges that accept the DUET are –

  • Shivaji college
  • Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Khalsa College
  • Laxmibai College
  • Gargi college
  • St. Stephens College

LPU NEST

The LPU NEST is the Lovely Professional University National Eligibility and scholarship test which is for admission to the Lovely Professional University. The university takes this exam once a year for admission of students in many of the courses that the university offers.

Test notifications, as well as the results, are shown in the online mode. As soon as you apply for the exam, you need to book slots after the admit card issues. The University would send the link to the Email ID given by the student.

And, the ones who clear out the entrance exam of the LPU NEST are the ones who will get a call for the interview and the counseling procedure.

JNUEE

The Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Exam is taken at a national level by the concerned authorities. The eligibility criteria for the JNUEE is that the students need to gain at least 45% of marks in their 10+2 with the subjects concerning that degree. The students who are ready to face the world of the college beforehand can apply when they get to their 12th exams. The application procedure for the JNUEE is quite simple and easy to handle.

Registration for the exam is done through the online mode and the candidate can go to the application forms on the official website of the university. You need to make a payment for the entrance exam. After this, you can collect your e- admit card and once it is available you can check all the details at your specific account number. Once you have given the exam, you will need to appear for the exam and wait for the result. After the results, a counseling session will be held and the students who have made it would get the information ahead.

Top literature courses in India

Literature is a vast field that connects the language in such a manner that a person can understand how the language progresses. In India, it is quite important to learn and know about the language that is quite common and widely in use. The crucial component in English is the literature. Literature is a structure of language that plays with grammar either written or spoken.

Moreover, this era is quite diverse in the matters of languages. The generation takes interest in knowing about other languages as well the usage of those languages. So, that’s why there is a greater demand for books, poetry, and plays on the academic front. With this, on the pleasure front, people look out for variety in whatever they watch for their pleasure. The books, movies as well as the dramatized plays. These services and modes of pleasure show much more diversity now.

So, That is why there is an increase in the demand for English literature language. With this, here are the courses that a person who wants to study English literature can take admission in –

  1. B.A in the English Literature
  1. M.A in the English Literature
  1. Ph.D. in English Literature

Top Literature Courses for Bachelors in India

Bachelors in English Literature is a Graduation English degree course. The English language offers quite much variety in many of its fields. Literature is one of a kind that the English language offers, the Bachelor of English Literature teaches these subjects – English poetry, English prose, Letter writing, Essay writing, English phrases, and English grammar with English idioms.

This course is under the set of bachelor of art criteria so, that is why the basic syllabus does not change as per the specialization. Authors like Shakespeare, Milton, Swift, Dickens, Chaucer, and other well-known authors are studied under the bachelors of English Literature. The course of English Literature connects with the future as well as the past. The syllabus consists of these authors to create an understanding of the progression.

The eligibility for this course is largely on the merit base. Other than this, some of the institutions take up the entrance exams for particular courses. The student needs to complete their 10+2 education and should have at least English in their curriculum.

Moreover, the course is of 3 years and it tests the student’s knowledge in the matter of a particular language. In this case, it would test out one of the most ancient languages that the people speak. To dedicate a career to this stream, a person needs to be persistent and also diligent in their efforts. The starting salary may not be that good but it will increase with time and the candidate will receive great packages.

List of Top B.A Colleges in India

The following colleges are the ones which offer top BA Literature courses –

  1. Lady Shri Ram College for Women
  1. St. Stephen’s College
  1. Banaras Hindu University
  1. English and Foreign Language University
  1. Calcutta University
  1. St. Xavier’s College
  1. Christ University
  1. Jamia Milia Islamia Univeristy
  1. Miranda House
  1. Jadavpur University

Average Fees for BA English Literature: 18K – 1.5 LPA

Admission Criteria for BA English Literature: The eligibility for this course is largely on the merit base. Other than this, some of the institutions take up the entrance exams for particular courses. The student needs to complete their 10+2 education and should have at least English in their curriculum.

Types of Jobs after B.A English Literature: The types of jobs that a person can do after opting BA in literature are Journalist, HR manager, Teacher, Editor, Content Writer, Graphic Designer, Marketing Manager, Copywriter, Operations Team Leader, Executive Assistant, and many more.

Average Placements after B.A English Literature : 3-4 LPA

Top Literature Courses for Masters in India

The master’s of arts in English literature is a post-graduate degree of 2 years which is carefully divided into 4 semesters. The course is common for students who wish to pursue the world of culture, art, and literature. After completing the course of BA in English literature, the student can prepare for the entrance exams, if they wish for pursuing a master’s in the literature courses.

Many of the reputed universities and colleges offer the masters in English Literature like the Daulat Ram College, Miranda House, Kirori Mal College, and many more others offer the course.

The admission to the course of Masters of literature is based on the entrance exams like the DUET, JNUEE, and BHU PET. The eligibility criteria for the MA in Literature is that every student should at least score 50% marks in their graduation level of study. The student should study at least a related course in the context of English literature.

List of Top MA Colleges in India

The following colleges are the ones which offer top MA Literature course –

  • Loyola College, Chennai
  • Lady Shri Ram College, New Delhi
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • Miranda House, New Delhi
  • St. Stephen’s College, New Delhi
  • Madras Christian College, Chennai
  • Presidency College, Chennai
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Hans Raj College, New Delhi
  • Jesus Mary and college, New Delhi
  • Ramjus College, New Delhi
  • Modern college of arts, science, and commerce, Pune
  • Sri Venkateshwara College, New Delhi
  • Presidency University, Kolkata
  • Lady Brabourne College, Kolkata

Average Fees for M.A in Literature: 40- 50 KPA

Admission Criteria for M.A in Literature: The admission to the course of Masters of literature is based on the entrance exams like the DUET, JNUEE, IPU CET, and BHU PET. The eligibility criteria for the MA in Literature is that every student should at least score 50% marks in their graduation level of study. The student should study at least a related course in the context of English literature.

Types of Jobs after M.A in Literature: The types of jobs that a person can get after pursuing the MA in literature is Journalism, Copy Writing, Content Writing, Technical Writing, Business communications, Translators, Education field (teaching and lecturership), and many more jobs in the same field.

Average Placements after M.A in Literature: 5-6 LPA

Ph.D. in Literature

Doctor of Philosophy in Literature is a course which is of 3 years minimum and 5 years maximum. The people who want to study literature and want to focus on this field only are the perfect ones for this course. This course is all about different periods and what the authors want to tell their audiences through various emotions.So, emotions like love, guilt, and anger were widely used in Literature to grab people’s attention. The course gives out various ways to understand literature through poetry, prose, autobiographies, and many other mediums.

Moreover, the course is not only limited to the different periods but also to what the reader is thinking. This course gives the motivation to the students to form their own opinions. Candidates who are eligible for this course need to clear out their post-graduation degree with at least 55 % of marks in the relatable degree of English language. The mode of entrance in this course is by entrance exams. After that, colleges take personal interviews of the people who selects

List of top Colleges that offers Ph.D. in Literature

The following colleges are the ones which offer top MA Literature course –

  • Loyola College, Chennai
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • Kalinga University, Raipur
  • Presidency College, Kolkata
  • Fergussen College, Pune
  • St. Xavier’s College
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  • Mithibai College of Arts, Mumbai

Average Fees for Ph.D. in Literature: 30K – 1.3L Overall

Admission Criteria for Ph.D. in Literature: Candidates who are eligible for this course need to clear out their post-graduation degree with at least 55 % of marks in the relatable degree of English language. With this, they need to clear out the entrance exam and after that a personal interview round. This procedure might be different in every college.

Average Placements after Ph.D. in Literature: After completing the Ph.D. in English Literature, the person can become a teacher, lecturer, junior assistant, cinematographer (those who have the certification in cinematography), critic, publisher, writer, and many more creative and exciting fields.

The average salary for Ph.D. in Literature: 5-6 LPA

What to do after Ph.D. in Literature?

After completing a Ph.D. in Literature, a person can go for many different things. These can either relate to the arts or the core English background. This choosing of the field depends on the person. If they want to study further, they can get certifications after Ph.D. to make ways for themselves in other fields of jobs too. Some of the lines are as mentioned –

Ph.D. in Literature generally opens up the league of English writers, teachers, technical writers, editors, critics, Proofreaders, managers, and many sorts of analysts. These lines are open for the ones who hold a Ph.D. Degree in English Literature.

The teachers or the lecturers can become the head of the department after giving their time to the respectable university and school. A Ph.D. helps in making the procedure easy for this promotion.

If the person is willing, they can become a private tutor, teaching students at their own will and however, they want to teach them. This is a big advantage of teachers that they can teach at any place anywhere. Some facilities would surely be in need but overall teaching can be done anywhere.

And, A person holding a degree in Ph.D. and that too of English Literature can also become a consultant. A consultant can be of various uses, they can give valuable pieces of advice about anything, more related to the Literature or education. A consultant can correctly guide the person for anything.

Another usage of this degree can be that the person can become the language trainer in their institute. After making it a success in one language, this is quite a benefit to the Ph.D. holder that they can teach it over to the students.

So, these were some of the long lists of jobs that a person can go for after completing their Ph.D. in English Literature.

Literature Job Roles & Levels in India

Journalism

A person who is looking for a job after completing their Ph.D. or any course in English Literature can go for the sector of all the lights and stars. This sector is of Journalism and Media. The Media is power now no one can ignore it. This sector is getting more and more attention these days. So, the pay level for someone who holds a degree of Ph.D. would get benefits of it in the terms of position as well as payrolls.

Moreover, Journalism depends on many things, there is so much to do in the world of media. The person can choose the jobs of their interests like they can choose to edit, write, produce, review, promote, schedule, run or manage the work in any media station.

But, the ones who want to pursue a career in media need to have an unbreakable will. As the media can get much competitive. So, if you want to enter the world of media then enter at your own risk. But, with risks comes the benefits so calculate all the options before entering into this arena.

The person can make themselves more visible by taking up Internships or placements on a particular media blog, that is quite active on social media or any other form of media.

Writing and Publishing

Though the careers of the media person and a writing person can be quite the same it is a bit different. A person who is up and ready to write can also open up their own publishing houses if they have enough funds to sustain it. But, the digitization of the world has proven to be a hindrance in the progress of publishing. Even now, after everything being digitized, many people like to work and read real books rather than the digital version of them.

The effect is permanent but there can be solutions to this, the people who adapt to the new generations’ needs would survive, no matter how difficult it may be. Digital e-books are the new era’s demand and they are willing to give in the same amount of money to them as they did for a real book. So, this makes it easy for a publisher to publish their books on a digital platform.

The ones who want to work in the writing and the publishing career can choose one of many roles it provides like the production, administration, editorial, marketing with sales and public relations. A person who wants to get into this job field and line need to have a good knowledge of trends in the markets and also skills of working on a computer.

Academic Careers

After getting a degree in English Literature, the person can go for teaching jobs and can become a lecturer too. The lecturer job can opt when the person completes their Master’s degree or Ph.D. one. This degree of English Literature can be a solid way to start an academic career and it can give out new venues for the person to explore too.

The person who wants to teach at a primary or a secondary level, the person needs to have a degree or professional qualification. With a qualification degree, the person needs to have relevant experience too to land a satisfactory job at a school. But, if you want to jump the university-level teaching, then you need to have a master’s degree and Ph.D. too as many of the colleges have combined the roles of the teaching as well as the research ones.

Also, the ones who are teaching can connect with the media houses. They can give their research or articles to the mass media for recognition. If you want to reflect more eyes on your resume, then you can go for teaching from the start of your career to show relevant experience in teaching. With this, if we talk about the projects and research, then the person can contribute their work to the relevant stations that recognize the research by the person.

Marketing, Advertising, and PR Roles

The people who are interested in the works of advertising, PR, and also Marketing can join the firms that specialize in these areas. They do look out for the English graduates for the creative and communication skills that they need to hold over the language of English.

Many of the sectors outsource their needs for advertising to these agencies. So, that’s why there is a constant demand for people who have a good command of the language especially when it is English.

Moreover, the role of any advertising and PR role requires high levels of creativity and brainstorming skills. With the competitive world around, there is serious competition for advertising too. So, the people who have the will to work can surely apply for the role of an advertiser. And, the people who are highly creativity-driven would get high pay roles for it too. The career of the person would eventually rise in the upwards directions if they dedicate their most creative ideas.

And, the tech-savvy people can also apply for these roles, as it can prove as an advantage. The people who want to make their resumes stand out can list for their experience in the marketing roles. A person who has a career in English literature can provide their expertise in research, bookselling, Youth work, social work, and many other roles that are necessary for the firm’s advertising.

Public Sector

The public sector comprises many roles that a department needs to fulfill. That’s why they are responsible to hire a hefty amount of people to do that work. These roles can be Civil service workers, administrators, government workers, health service workers, and police personnel. They require the man force each time there is a shortage. Every facility they provide would entirely depend on which country you are working for. There can be variations in the facilities as well as the pay grades.

The people who have English degrees are more likely to settle for these jobs because there is a high demand for English-speaking people for translators and analysts. The ones who have the skills of spoken and written communication are the best for these jobs. If the person is willing to join the public sector, they need to have leadership skills as well as they need to be exceptionally good at the decision-making process.

So, if you want to work in the public sector. You can show your interest in the field by working as a volunteer. And, many fields require workings. In return, they give out experience and those experiences would help in getting a better job prospect.

Law and Finance

The people who are good at learning and reading about the law can opt for the law after completing their graduation or post-graduation in the English Literature Degree. Many fields require legal attention and people can leap to a law degree if they wish to.

The one who completes their study in the field of literature can become an administrator or have a job as a researcher. Those who want to get a job in the local and national courts can go there after completing their degree.

If you are one of the rarest people, who can both write their hearts out and also work well with numbers can go to work for the finance jobs. For the graduates, a career in accounting and finance can be a nice prospect. If you can get good grades in math and English then you are quite perfect for the role of a financier.

To stand out in the crowd, you can work for people in the finance world. You can join internships and also you can lead a team to gain experience.

Frequently Asked Questions About Literature in India

Question 1 What is the simple meaning of Literature?

Answer. Literature is about the written records of the people who wrote about poetry and the best prose of their times. It is a window that enables a person to peek through the writer’s world. People read and write their thoughts about what they think after reading literature. This exercise is quite famous for increasing people’s creativity. Activities like these help people who want to explore the dimensions and the eras of history.

The Literature admires the period or the era when that writer wrote that prose. Many factors divide the literature into parts. The factors are – the time, language, country of origin, genre, and what it is written about. So, these factors make all the literature easy to sort out.

Moreover, literature is divided into geographical regions of the world like Western Literature, Oceanic Literature, African Literature, Asian Literature, South Asian arts, and some Southeast Asian Arts. Other forms of literature or the ones that connect with the language, it is a separate stream. Factors like the nation, language, or any particular subject are another stream through which the literature can be sorted. Example for this is – Biblical literature, Japanese Literature, Latin Literature, Arabic Literature, and many more others.

Question 2 What are the 5 types of literature?

Answer. The main types of literature are – Fables, Drama, Autobiography, Prose, Poetry, Journalistic Literature. Here are some details about these types –

Drama

A Drama is a type of play in literature. A play in the sense that actors act out their parts to showcase a scene or a story. The stories on which the play base can be fictional or non-fictional ones. There can be many platforms where a certain part of drama or the whole story can be enacted by professional actors.

Moreover, platforms like radios, stages, or even the movies that take inspiration from these dramas. Many rigorous emotions like conflicting anger, passionate love and character-building make a drama quite a high-quality one. There can be many types of dramas, like musical dramas, tragedy dramas, melodrama, and comedy-dramas. These dramas are self-explanatory by their names but let us look into them more briefly.

Musical Dramas

Musical dramas are a combination of drama and also music that bridges the gap between the drama and the audience. It can be a rich cultural experience that many of these factors contribute towards- Dialogues, music, songs, and dancing. One of the prime examples of a classical musical drama is the sound of music. With that, a modern musical drama that came out recently – A star is born.

Tragedy Dramas

Tragedy Dramas are a type of drama that has a tragic or dark story. The tragedy is all about the agony, sadness, pain, and many times death of the characters. These Dramas create such a deep sense of life and death moments that they can make you think twice about the life choices. An epitome of an example of a tragic drama is Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare.

Melodrama

Melodrama is a type of drama that tells about the emotions like excitement or tension. It is important to have well-written dialogues and justified situations that help in instigating the feelings of a melodrama. An example of melodrama can be ‘ Still life, Brief Encounter’ written by Noel Coward.

Comedy Dramas

The comedy drama is a type of drama that is quite light in the time and the purpose of the comedy drama is to make the audience laugh. The more amusing it is, the better. The comedy-dramas is the lightest one of all the dramas, ending on a note that happy and shows the bright colors of life. Another classical example of comedy-drama is ‘ the comedy of Errors’, written by William Shakespeare.

Fable

Fables are the stories that a writer writes to give the audience a moral story. There are many different characters that a fable includes like animals. Animals usually act like humans. They understand the ways of society and can have a perfect balance of reasoning. Those animals represent what humans go through. A well-known fable is a story of ‘ The Tortoise and the Rabbit’, which is quite famous because of its almost human life-like moral.

Autobiography

Autobiographies are all about a person’s life. It is written by the person. They write it to tell the world about their own lives. Their lives and the lives that connect with them. Their personal experiences and their perspectives are shown in the autobiographies. Autobiographies give out insights about what the person has been through, and people get a window to that particular person’s life. The well-known autobiographers tell about their life and the story to their fans in such a way that it seems quite interesting. An example of an autobiography can be, ‘ The Diary of a Young Girl, by Anne Frank.

Moreover, Autobiography is an interesting thing to read because the teller of the story is the one, about who the story is. The character himself is the writer and describes his life from his original perspective and experiences. It gives you an insight into the person that is writing it because they share their true-life events and thoughts. Mostly, famous people write autobiographies to tell their stories to their fans and the world. A famous and spectacular example of autobiography is ‘The Diary of a Young Girl, a book by Anne Frank.

Biography

Literature’s other branch is biography. Biography is about the story of a person from the perspective of another person. A professional person could know that person whom they are writing about or they can study the life of their subject. Biography is much different from a CV/Resume as it defines the person’s life from various angles and perspectives. A classic given example of biography is ‘Unbroken: A world war II story of survival, resilience, and redemption, written by Laura Hillenbrand.

Poetry

Literature gives another beautiful branch of literature. Poetry contains many features like lyrics, rhythm, and sound. Many well-known poets last forever all because of their work. Some of their work depicts the purest forms of Adoration, Love, and agony. These emotions plus all the other powerful ones which fume the engine of life. These poems develop emotions from the perspective of the poet that most of the time strike the hearts and minds of the listeners too. The words of poets sometimes are in perfect rhymes and sometimes they match perfectly with the lines. The main types of poetry are Free verse, Haiku, sonnet, and acrostic poems. An example of the poem is the road not taken, by Robert Frost.

Prose

The prose in literature is the simplest form of it. As it is quite easy to write and quite simple to understand. The grammar structure of this branch of literature is quite on a low bar. The tone of the prose is quite light and usual. It forms a conversational tone or a person’s natural tone. Prose can be anything, it is not bound to the rules of the literature or grammar. The words’ length and the pattern can be of your wish, either it can be long or short. Some examples of prose can be novels, textbooks, and notebooks.

Journalistic Literature

This branch of literature relates to the real world rather than the imaginary one. A non – fiction branch of literature is Journalistic Literature. This type of literature covers the facts as well as the strategies for references on the spot, with some narrative techniques.

So, a combination of all these factors makes the story or factual reports more interesting and eye-catching. You can spot famous Journalists on well-known news channels. Some of them go under a secret name as they want to keep their identity hidden.

Question 3 What is General Literature ?

Answer. General Literature is a program that gives attention to the literature of a language or specifically of one or more genres about their traditions and cultures. General Literature consists of the instruction in the genre of the author studies, genre studies, and literary criticism with many parts and types of literary texts.

Literature is divided into geographical regions of the world like Western Literature, Oceanic Literature, African Literature, Asian Literature, South Asian arts, and some Southeast Asian Arts. Other forms of literature or the ones that connect with the language are a separate stream. Factors like the nation, language, or any particular subject are another stream through which the literature can be sorted. Example for this is – Biblical literature, Japanese Literature, Latin Literature, Arabic Literature, and many more others.

With these many variations and diversities in the world of literature, it is quite common for people to make mistakes in placing the prose and the poetry in the timeline of history. It gets interesting for the ones who love to dive deep into history.

These are the types of literature Fables, Drama, Autobiography, Prose, Poetry, Journalistic Literature, and Science Fiction.

Question 4 What is a Literature Degree?

Answer. A literature degree is a degree that focuses on the literature part of a language, literature is about the written records of the people who wrote about poetry and the best prose of their times. It is a window that enables a person to peek through the writer’s world. People read and write their thoughts about what they think after reading literature. So there are 3 types of levels and degrees a person can get for the literature degree.

  • Bachelors in English Literature
  • Masters in English Literature
  • Ph.D. in English Literature

Bachelors

Bachelors in English Literature is a Graduation English degree course. The English language offers quite much variety in many of its fields. Literature is one of a kind that the English language offers, the Bachelor of English Literature teaches these subjects – English poetry, English prose, Letter writing, Essay writing, English phrases, and English grammar with English idioms.

The course is of 3 years and it tests the student’s knowledge in the matter of a particular language. In this case, it would test out one of the most ancient languages that the people speak. To dedicate a career to this stream, a person needs to be persistent and also diligent in their efforts. The starting salary may not be that good but it will increase with time and the candidate will receive great packages.

Masters

The master’s of arts in English literature is a post-graduate degree of 2 years which is carefully divided into 4 semesters. The course is common for students who wish to pursue the world of culture, art, and literature. After completing the course of BA in English literature, the student can prepare for the entrance exams, if they wish for pursuing a master’s in the literature courses.

And, many of the reputed universities and colleges offer masters in English Literature like the Daulat Ram College, Miranda House, Kirori Mal College, and many more others offer the course.

So, the admission to the course of Masters of literature is based on the entrance exams like the DUET, JNUEE, and BHU PET. The eligibility criteria for the MA in Literature is that every student should at least score 50% marks in their graduation level of study. The student should study at least a related course in the context of English literature.

PH.D

Doctor of Philosophy in Literature is a course which is of 3 years minimum and 5 years maximum. The people who want to study literature and want to focus on this field only are the perfect ones for this course. This course is all about different periods and what the authors want to tell their audiences through various emotions. Emotions like love, guilt, and anger were widely used in Literature to grab people’s attention. The course gives out various ways to understand literature through poetry, prose, autobiographies, and many other mediums.

The course is not only limited to the different periods but also to what the reader is thinking. This course gives the motivation to the students to form their own opinions. Candidates who are eligible for this course need to clear out their post-graduation degree with at least 55 % of marks in the relatable degree of English language. The mode of entrance in this course is by entrance exams.

Question 5. Which branch is best in the Literature?

Answer. As such, there is no best or worst branch in literature. There can be quite a need for one branch in today’s era rather than the other one. To talk about today’s time, the new generation is more able to connect with the prose branch of literature rather than the drama. Drama is quite a hefty work, And for this era, time is money, so many people would avoid the drama branch and take up the prose branch of the literature. The prose is simple and easy to compose, to understand. It does not include much thinking and rhyming.

Moreover, not only prose but poetry is easy too as if we compare it with other branches of literature. If we talk about biographies and autobiographies, it takes time to write them, and publish them. Not everyone can do that. So, people can opt for Poetry or even writing journals too.

Question 6. Is literature hard?

Answer. To know about literature being hard or not, first, you need to know what is literature. It is a window that enables a person to peek through the writer’s world. People read and write their thoughts about what they think after reading literature. This exercise is quite famous for increasing people’s creativity. Activities like these help people who want to explore the dimensions and the eras of history.

The Literature admires the time or the era when that writer wrote that prose. Many factors divide the literature into parts. The factors are – the time, language, country of origin, genre, and what it is written about. So, these factors make all the literature easy to sort out.

So, no we know what literature is and how it connects the present with the past. This study of people and their writings in different time eras can be difficult. The people who love talking about literature and have a keen interest in forming poetry and have a way with words are the best for the Literature degree.

Question 7. What is Literature all about?

Answer. The literature is about the written records of the people who wrote about poetry and the best prose of their times. It is a window that enables a person to peek through the writer’s world. People read and write their thoughts about what they think after reading literature. This exercise is quite famous for increasing people’s creativity. Activities like these help people who want to explore the dimensions and the eras of history.

The Literature admires the time or the era when that writer wrote that prose. Many factors divide the literature into parts. The factors are – the period, language, country of origin, genre, and what it is written about. So, these factors make all the literature easy to sort out.

Literature is divided into geographical regions of the world like Western Literature, Oceanic Literature, African Literature, Asian Literature, South Asian arts, and some Southeast Asian Arts. Other forms of literature or the ones that connect with the language are a separate stream. Factors like the nation, language, or any particular subject are another stream through which the literature can be sorted. Example for this is – Biblical literature, Japanese Literature, Latin Literature, Arabic Literature, and many more others.

Question 8. Is there a scope of English Literature in India?

Answer. Literature is a type of language which is unique. We can not say that we do not use English in our daily lives. We do. As we use it extensively. In India, English is still in high demand, and if we talk about English, we can not miss the literature. Literature is a vital part of this language if you want to learn about it from the basics or want to dive to the deep depths of this language.

If we talk about the job opportunities in India for a Graduate degree or a BA in English Literature, you can get jobs easily. These jobs are quite laid back and easy on the professional front. In India, either you can start earning after your graduation or you can easily do your post-graduation and earn more with progression in years. If the person wants to become a teacher then they can go for their BA in English and after that, they can complete the B.Ed to be a teacher in any school they wish.

Another teaching line is that the person should complete their studies with a master’s degree in English literature and look out for opportunities for getting a job as a senior or junior lecturer. The person needs to secure at least 55% in their academic journey and good command of English with the skills like writing, reading, speaking, and listening.

Question 9. What types of jobs can I get after completing my English literature degree?

Answer. There can be many areas where the English literature degree can be fruitful. It depends on you, whether you want to work as a teacher, journalist, corporate worker, or even a civil servant. You can read about it in the description given below –

Journalism

A person who is looking for a job after completing their Ph.D. or any course in English Literature can go for the sector of all the lights and stars. This sector is of Journalism and Media. The Media is power now no one can ignore it. This sector is getting more and more attention these days. So, the pay level for someone who holds a degree of Ph.D. would get benefits of it in the terms of position as well as payrolls.

Journalism depends on many things, there is so much to do in the world of media. The person can choose the jobs of their interests like they can choose to edit, write, produce, review, promote, schedule, run or manage the work in any media station. But, the ones who want to pursue a career in media need to have an unbreakable will. As the media can get much competitive. So, if you want to enter the world of media then enter at your own risk. But, with risks comes the benefits so calculate all the options before entering into this arena.

Writing and Publishing

Though the careers of the media person and a writing person can be quite the same it is a bit different. The effect is permanent but there can be solutions to this, the people who adapt to the new generations’ needs would survive, no matter how difficult it may be. Digital e-books are the new era’s demand and they are willing to give in the same amount of money to them as they did for a real book. So, this makes it easy for a publisher to publish their books on a digital platform.

The ones who want to work in the writing and the publishing career can choose one of many roles it provides like the production, administration, editorial, marketing with sales and public relations. A person who wants to get into this job field and line need to have a good knowledge of trends in the markets and also skills of working on a computer.

Academic Careers

After getting a degree in English Literature, the person can go for teaching jobs and can become a lecturer too. The lecturer job can opt when the person completes their Masters’s degree or Ph.D. one. This degree of English Literature can be a solid way to start an academic career and it can give out new venues for the person to explore too.

The person who wants to teach at a primary or a secondary level, the person needs to have a degree or professional qualification. With a qualification degree, the person needs to have relevant experience too to land a satisfactory job at a school. But, if you want to jump the university-level teaching, then you need to have a master’s degree and Ph.D. too as many of the colleges have combined the roles of the teaching as well as the research ones.

And ,the ones who are teaching can also connect with the media houses. They can give their research or articles to the mass media for recognition. If you want to reflect more eyes on your resume, then you can go for teaching from the start of your career to show relevant experience in teaching. With this, if we talk about the projects and research, then the person can contribute their work to the relevant stations that recognize the research by the person.

Marketing, Advertising, and PR Roles

The people who are interested in the works of advertising, PR, and also Marketing can join the firms that specialize in these areas. They do look out for the English graduates for the creative and communication skills that they need to hold over the language of English.

Moreover, many of the sectors outsource their needs for advertising to these agencies. So, that’s why there is a constant demand for people who have a good command of the language especially when it is English. The role of any advertising and PR role requires high levels of creativity and brainstorming skills. With the competitive world around, there is serious competition for advertising too.

And, the tech-savvy people can also apply for these roles, as it can prove as an advantage. The people who want to make their resumes stand out can list for their experience in the marketing roles. A person who has a career in English literature can provide their expertise in research, bookselling, Youth work, social work, and many other roles that are necessary for the firm’s advertising.

Public Sector

The public sector comprises many roles that a department needs to fulfill. That’s why they are responsible to hire a hefty amount of people to do that work. These roles can be Civil service workers, administrators, government workers, health service workers, and police personnel. They require the man force each time there is a shortage. Every facility they provide would entirely depend on which country you are working for. There can be variations in the facilities as well as the pay grades.

Moreover, the people who have English degrees are more likely to settle for these jobs because there is a high demand for English-speaking people for translators and analysts. So, if you want to work in the public sector. You can show your interest in the field by working as a volunteer. And, many fields require workings. In return, they give out experience and those experiences would help in getting a better job prospect.

Law and Finance

The people who are good at learning and reading about the law can opt for the law after completing their graduation or post-graduation in the English Literature Degree. Many fields require legal attention and people can leap to a law degree if they wish to.

Moreover, the one who completes their study in the field of literature can become an administrator or have a job as a researcher. Those who want to get a job in the local and national courts can go there after completing their degree.

If you are one of the rarest people, who can both write their hearts out and also work well with numbers can go to work for the finance jobs. For the graduates, a career in accounting and finance can be a nice prospect. If you can get good grades in math and English then you are quite perfect for the role of a financier. So, to stand out in the crowd, you can work for people in the finance world. You can join internships and also you can lead a team to gain experience.

So, That was all about the literature, now we know how the literature affects our lifestyles, and how it relates to the history and the time periods. We also got to know about the scope and how the candidates can enter into the world of this diverse rich cultural heritage. Literature is a way to enter into this world and the ones who love to know and talk about the events that took place can take the help of the literature for this.

Not only, literature is a great way to know about the history but it is quite a good way to enhance the chances of creativity. The more you are trying to explore the possibilites of your brain’s capacity the more it would benefit you to actually go for the literature. It takes a great deal of courage and will to pursue such a course and students should do it for the sake of their passions.

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List of Universities offering Literature
List of Universities