Law degree: Branches, Exams, Careers, Placements & More

The legal education that is present in India is largely based on English law. The student who passes the Law degree is hence designated as the “Lawyer”(one who practises law). 

Various universities offer legal education at various academic levels in India. The main regulatory body for Law education in India is the BCI (Bar Council of India). 

In the year 1985, our nation decided to establish a University for Law Education. This was to raise the academic standard of the legal profession in India. Consequently, the “National Law School of India University“(NLS) came into existence”. 

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The get admission for a law degree, the candidates have to appear in CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) 2021 . CLAT is conducted for admission to National Law Universities (NLUs) and other institutions. After passing CLAT, students can pursue Integrated L.L.B and L.L.M courses.

Candidates can go for law courses with any stream. They can be from Science stream/ Commerce stream / Arts stream.  BCI provides a “Certificate of Practice” to the candidates, after completing LLB. To practice in the profession of law and to receive the certificate, the candidates have to qualify All India Bar Examination (AIBE 2021) additionally.

Law Eligibility & Entrance Exams

The selection process and eligibility criteria at the UG and PG levels vary. Therefore, the basic eligibility criteria for admission are as described below:

Eligibility for UG Law Courses:

Candidates must pass Higher Secondary School/Intermediate (10+2) or its equivalent exam from a recognised board with 45% marks or more in aggregate.

Eligibility for PG Law Courses:

For  LLM (2 years) course, candidates need LLB or equal degree from a recognised university.

What is Law degree

A career in law can be done at various levels. Some popular options are  UG,  PG or doctorate (PhD) level in India. Law as a career is highly popular among students in India.

The history of law in India dates back thousands of years. It did vary from region to region during those times. With the progress of time, the legal system (laws of a country and how we interpret and enforce it) did change. Accordingly, more uniformity came to the laws across the nation.

These days, law graduates do make their presence feel in corporate houses, law firms, law agencies, administrative services and so on. Hence, the law as a career, do have a huge scope in India.

Many do prefer to choose criminal or civil. However, these days other branches are also gaining popularity. Some of them are cyber law, patent law as well as corporate law.

To have a career in law at the UG level, aspirants can pursue 5-year duration integrated LLB courses.  Some of the courses are BA LLB, BBA LLB, BSc LLB or BCom LLB. Besides that, one can also pursue a 3 year LLB course after completing their graduation. Additionally, one can obtain a master’s degree (LLM) followed by a doctoral degree (PhD).

Meaning of law

In the real world, the law refers to a set of rules that govern individuals and group behaviour. Most importantly, we don’t even know about many of these rules or we understand them only generally. For example, we don’t need to see a written law to know that it’s a crime to destroy the property of someone else.

Accordingly, it is a system of rules  enforced through social or governmental institutions. Most importantly, it is to regulate the behaviour of individuals. Additionally, it ensures that the individuals and community support the will of the state.

Branches of Law degree

Section 1

Branch What will you study?
Cyber Law Related to legal informatics and deals with the computers, software, hardware and information system and information security.
Criminal Law Criminal law deals with actions that are threatening or harmful to the property, safety, and moral welfare of individuals or the society. Accordingly, it deals with the punishment and rehabilitation of people who violate laws and commit crimes
Civil Law It covers many areas such as right to education, divorce,. Additionally, it also covers property disputes, ownership issues, Copyrights, insurance claims etc
Corporate Law It deals with the legal concerns of corporations like shares, mergers and acquisitions etc. It thus encompasses the rules and regulations for the formation and operation of large companies.
Branch What Will you Study?
Constitutional Law Constitutional law defines the power that the various government bodies have at each level.
Real Estate Law Real Estate Laws are concerned with the buying and selling of real estate properties which are usually land areas or any structure erected upon them.
Media Law Regulation of the mass media through issues like censorship, copyright,etc..
Tax Law

Rules and regulations that determine the various taxes that must be paid to the various levels of government.

 

Branch What Will you Study?
Employment Law Employment laws deal with individual employees. Accordingly, its focus is on grievances that such employees may have against their employees.
Mergers and Acquisition Law Mergers and Acquisition (M&A) Law deals with the laws affecting the purchase of one company by another (an acquisition), or the blending of two companies into a new entity (a merger).

Law degree Courses

There are various law courses in India including integrated, certificate, diploma, bachelors, master and doctorate courses. Accordingly, Law courses in India are becoming highly popular among law aspirants at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Additionally, with the Indian society becoming more aware of its rights and duties, law courses are among the top ten education programs in India.

Most importantly, the career is just not restricted to courtrooms and sessions. Besides that, one can find a wide variety of jobs, from a legal advisor to a corporate lawyer to an educationist.

Here is the complete list of UG, PG, Diploma and Certificate law courses in India.

UG Law Courses in India

There are various UG law courses in India such as integrated UG law courses, bachelor of legislative law and others. The UG Law courses in India offer a lot of exposure to students which helps them prepare for a successful career in law.

LL.B
LL.B. (Hons.)
LL.B (Intellectual Property Rights)
B.B.A.+ LL.B
B.B.A. + LL.B (Hons.)
B.A. + LL.B
B.A.+LL.B (Hons.)
B.Com + LL.B
B.Com + LL.B.(Hons.)
B.S.L.+ LL.B.
B.Sc + LL.B
B.Sc + L.L.B (Hons.)
B.Tech + LL.B

PG Law Courses in India

The PG law courses in India provide law aspirants with advanced theoretical and practical knowledge that is essential in the field of law. There is an ample number of PG law courses and specialisations that one can opt for as per their interest and career choices.

LL.M.
LL.M. (Business Law)
LL.M. (Constitutional Law & Administrative Law)
LL.M. (Constitutional Law)
LL.M. (Corporate and Securities Law)
LL.M. (Corporate and Financial Law)
LL.M. (Criminal Law)
LL.M. (Criminal Law and Criminology
LL.M. (Energy Laws)
LL.M. (Human Rights)
LL.M (Environmental Law)
LL.M. (International Law, Constitutional Law and Human Rights)
LL.M. (Intellectual Property Rights)
LL.M. (International Environmental Rights)
LL.M. (International Trade Law)
LL.M (Labour Law and Administrative Law)
LL.M. (International Law, Constitutional Law and Human Rights)
LL.M. (Corporate Law)
LL.M. (Labour Law)
LL.M. (Mercantile Law)
LL.M. (Hons.)

Diploma Law Courses in India

Diploma law courses in India take a relatively shorter time to complete than bachelor’s or associate degree programs. Therefore, diploma law courses are an ideal option for law aspirants look to jumpstart their career in the field of law.

Criminal Law
Business Law
Corporate Laws & Management
Co-operative Law
Cyber Law
Criminology
Human Rights Law
Information Technology Laws
Labour Laws
Labour Laws & Labour Welfare
International Laws
Taxation Laws
Women Studies & Gender Justice

 Certificate Law Courses in India

Certificate law courses are a great choice for law professionals who want to enhance their knowledge in their respective law specialization. Certificate law courses add value to one’s professional career within a short span.

Cyber Law
Business Law
Corporate Law
Anti-Human Trafficking
Insurance Law
Human Rights
Consumer Protection

 Eligibility for Law degree

The selection process and eligibility criteria for admissions at UG and PG levels vary for different Law colleges across India. Accordingly, given below is the basic eligibility criteria that candidates need to fulfil to secure admission in law courses offered at UG and PG levels:

Degree Level Eligibility Details
UG Cleared Higher Secondary School/Intermediate (10+2) or its equivalent exam from a recognised board with not less than 45% marks in aggregate.
PG For admission in LLB (3 years) course, aspirants need to be graduates from a recognised university. Also, for admission in the LLM course candidates need to possess an LLB or equivalent degree from a recognised university.
PhD Master’s degree or M.Phil in Law or Legal Studies with a minimum of 55% aggregate in the discipline passed from a recognized university.

 Entrance Exams for Law degree

Here are some of the entrance exams for Law Admissions (LLB, LLM, Integrated Law Courses) for admission in Top Law Colleges of India.

Some of the below mentioned Law entrance exams are to be taken after class XII and some after Graduation. Most importantly, the list given here includes Law entrance Tests at the All India level (National Level) while others at State Level or colleges have their entrance exams.

Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national level entrance exam for admissions to undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) law programmes offered by 22 National Law Universities around the country. Some of the NLUs that consider CLAT scores for admissions are NALSAR, NLSIU, WBNUJS, NLU, NLIU and GNLU

CLAT Highlights

Name of Exam CLAT UG / CLAT PG
Name of Organization CLAT Consortium, Bar Council of India
Mode of Application Online
Application Fee Gen/OBC/PWD/NRI – INR 4,000 SC/ST/BPL – INR 3,500
Mode of Exam Offline
Courses Offered BA LLB/BBA LLB/B.Sc LLB/LLM
Acceptance Rate 3%
Official Website consortiumofnlus.ac.in

  CLAT Eligibility Criteria

Exam Age Limit Educational Qualification Minimum Marks
CLAT UG No Upper Age Limit 10+2 or Equivalent Gen/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI – 45% SC/ST – 40%
CLAT PG No Upper Age Limit LLB or Equivalent Gen/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI – 50% SC/ST – 45%

Applicability: UG, PG

Sessions: July

Duration: 120 Minutes for both UG and PG

LSAT India – Law School Admission Test

Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is a standardized test of reading and verbal reasoning skills. Most importantly, it is conducted four times a year. It is specially designed for LLB and LLM admissions accordingly. LSAT scores are accepted by top institutes. Some of them are given below:

Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law

IIT Kharagpur Law School

Galgotia University Law School

The Jindal Global Law School

UPES Dehradun

SRM University

Amity Law School.

Eligibility Criteria for LSAT

  • Applicant needs to be a citizen of India. Candidates should have qualified 12th board examination if applying for undergraduate law programs including BA LLB.
  • Those applying for postgraduate law programs including LLM need to be LLB degree holders with minimum qualifying marks.
  • The qualifying marks, however, shall vary for each of the participating colleges across India.

Age Criteria

  • There is no age limit to apply for the LSAT India exam.
  • Candidates have to check the age limit as specified by individual colleges wherein they are seeking admission.

Applicability: UG, PG

Sessions: July

Duration: 2 hours 20 minutes (For each section 35 minutes time duration will be there)

AIBE (All India Bar Exam)

The All India Bar Examination (AIBE) is not conducted for admission to Law colleges. Most importantly, the motive is to examine an advocate’s capability to practice the profession of law in India. The AIBE addresses a candidate’s analytical abilities and understanding of the basic knowledge of the law. After passing the examination, the candidate will be awarded a ” Certificate of Practice ” by the Bar Council of India.

About AIBE

  • The All India Bar Examination (AIBE) is conducted to examine the capability to practice the profession of law in India. Most importantly, it will assess skills at a basic level. Additionally, it is intended to set a minimum benchmark for admission to the practice of law.
  • Candidates will have 11 languages to choose from for attempting the examination. The examination pattern will be multiple choice questions and it will be an open book exam.

Eligibility Criteria for AIBE

Candidates can appear for AIBE if they match the below eligibility criteria.

  • Educational Qualifications: Candidates must have completed 3 years or 5 year LLB program from a recognized institute.
  • Qualifying Marks: There is no minimum marks requirement of LLB to appear in AIBE.
  • State Bar Council Registration: Candidates must have enrollment with the State Bar Council.
  • Attempts: Candidates can appear as many numbers of times as they need to qualify for the exam. Most importantly, this is irrespective of him/her being enrolled for more than 2 years as an advocate on the state bar council

Applicability: After UG

Sessions: March

Duration: 3 hrs and 30 mins

All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)

AILET – All India Law Entrance Test is an exam conducted exclusively for National Law University (NLU) Delhi BA-LLB, LLM, PhD Admissions.

Courses offered through AILET

  1. BA LLB (Hons) – 5-year Integrated Program
  1. LLM – 1-year Program
  1. PhD Program

Eligibility Criteria for AILET

Programs and Minimum Qualifications

For B.A.LL.B. (Hons.)- Five-Year Program

Passed Senior Secondary School Examination (10+2 System) or Equivalent Examination with 50% marks.

The candidates appearing in the 12th standard examination can also apply.

For LLM- One-Year Program

Passed LL.B. or an Equivalent Law Degree with 55% marks (50% in case of SC/ST/ Persons with Disabilities).

The candidates appearing in the final year LL.B. Examination can also apply.

For PhD Program

Passed LLM Degree with 55% Marks or its Equivalent (50% in case of SC/ST/ Persons with Disabilities).

AILET – Exam Pattern

Exam Mode – Offline mode

Language of Question paper – English medium

Questions Type – Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQ)

Total Questions – 150 questions

Marking Scheme – Each correct answer will consist of 1 mark.

Negative marking – 0.25 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer

Applicability: UG, PG, PhD

Sessions: June

Duration: 1 hour 30 minutes

AIL Entrance Test (Army Institute of Law B.A. LL.B Entrance Test)

Eligibility Criteria for Army Institute of Law BA LLB Admission

  • A candidate who has passed the 10+2 exam from Punjab School Education Board or any other equivalent exam recognized as such by the Punjabi University, Patiala, securing at least 45% marks
  • The applicants who have obtained 10+2 through open university systems directly, without having any basic qualifications for pursuing such studies, are not eligible
  • Candidates passing the compartment papers of qualifying exam of 10 + 2 subsequently shall not be eligible for admission even if a seat is available

Army Institute of Law Highlights

Institute Type Private
Affiliation Punjabi University, Patiala
Recognition BCI
Accreditation NAAC ‘A’ grade
Types of Courses offered UG and PG
Courses Offered Bachelor of Arts + Bachelor of Law (BA LLB) Master of Law (LLM)
Application Type Online mode
Entrance Exam Yes
Course Fee Details Bachelor of Arts + Bachelor of Law (BA LLB): INR 6,41,000 /- For 5 years

Master of Law (LLM): INR 1,45,000 /- For 1 year

Applicability: UG

Sessions: July

Duration: 2 hour

List of Top Law degree Universities

The official website https://www.nirfindia.org/ provides the ranking for the law colleges in India based on various parameters. Some of the parameters for the ranking include Teaching Learning & Resources, Research and Professional Practice, Graduation Outcome, Outreach & Inclusivity and Perception.

The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) has been accepted by the MoE and launched by the Honourable Minister for Education on 29th September 2015. This framework outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country

University Name Average Fee Structure NIRF Rank
National Law School of India University ₹2.14 Lakhs (1st Year Fees) 1
National Law University ₹1.38 Lakhs (1st Year Fees) 2
Nalsar University of Law ₹2.42 Lakhs (1st Year Fees) 3
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur INR 1,23,900 (1st Year Fees) 4
National Law University ₹2.59 Lakhs (1st Year Fees) 5
The West Bengal National University of Juridicial Sciences ₹2.44 Lakhs (1st Year Fees) 6
Gujarat National Law University ₹1.86 Lakhs (1st Year Fees) 7
Symbiosis Law School ₹2.5 Lakhs (1st Year Fees) 8
Jamia Millia Islamia ₹10,400 (1st Year Fees) 9
The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law Total Fee Rs. 206000 10

 UG Fee Structure(Average)

LLB course duration is three years consisting of 6 semesters.

Private Universities: Rs 3.87 K – Rs 18 L

Public Universities:

Top Government Law Colleges in India

College Name Fees (INR)
Faculty of Law, DU INR 5,428
Dr BR Ambedkar College of Law INR 1,92,000
Lucknow University INR 51,160
Government Law College, Mumbai INR 6,980
Mumbai University INR 54,520
Dept of Law, Punjab University INR 13,452
TNDALU INR 69,520
Manikchand Pahade Law College INR 3,750
MSU, Baroda INR 8,560
Osmania University INR 2,900

Institutes:

LLB fees at Top Universities in India

College Name Fees (INR)
Symbiosis Law School INR 3,20,000
Chandigarh University INR 90,000
ILS Law College INR 40,515
Bharati Vidyapeeth New Law College INR 20,000
Lloyd Law College INR 1,00,000
KIIT School of Law INR 3,40,000
IMS Noida INR 98,000
Navalmal Firodia Law College INR 24,000
ICFAI University INR 1,62,000
SDM Law College INR 29,000

Course Fees Law

  Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
  Private Government Private Government
UG 3.00 K 1.40 K 1.12 Crores 30.00 Lakhs
PG 4.95 K 1.73 K 14.00 Lakhs 4.18 Lakhs
PhD 30.00 K 2.40 Lakhs 6.64 Lakhs 2.40 Lakhs
DIPLOMA 15.00 K 10.00 K 64.70 K 51.00 K

 Placements for Law degree

LL.B has become one of the most popular degrees in the past few years. The course offers several job opportunities to those who wish to pursue the field of law. Over the last decade, the course of Bachelor of Law (LL.B) has become increasingly popular among students.

Placements for LL.B

A massive number of students opt to pursue higher education in the field of law and seek admission in the best law colleges of India. LLB is one of the few law courses that are in great demand. A major reason for this is that the programme provides lucrative job opportunities to candidates across many sectors.

Passionate students who aspire to make a career in the field of law take the various law entrance exams in India to secure a seat in a leading law college, so that after completing the degree of LLB, they can get multiple job options and career opportunities to pursue.

Types of Jobs with Salaries After LLB

No Job Profile Average Salary (INR)
1 Law Officer 6.5 LPA
2 Junior Lawyer 3 LPA
3 Advocate 7 – 10 LPA
4 Litigator 3.5 LPA
5 Private Practice 9 – 15 LPA
6 Corporate Lawyer 7 LPA
7 Lecturer 6 LPA

Placements for LLM

LLM, or Master of Laws, is a 2-year master degree program in the field of law, offering various specializations such as International Law, Criminal law, Corporate Law, Constitutional law, Maritime Law, and many others. After completing this law degree, there are equal opportunities in both the government sector and private sectors for a successful career as an Advocate, Lawyer, Legal Counsel, Law officer, etc.

Types of Jobs with Salaries After LLM

Job Position Average Salary
Guest Faculty INR 4.8 LPA
Law Clerk INR 3.6 LPA
Law Assistant INR 5.5 LPA
Legal Researcher INR 8 LPA
Civil Judge INR 10 LPA
Legal Officer INR 8.4 LPA
Public Prosecutor INR 5 LPA

Placements for PhD

Students after the successful completion of a PhD in Legal Studies program have a large opportunity to explore various areas of professional life. Candidates have a good scope to explore their knowledge, skills, training and apply the tools in areas like Law organizations, Businesses, Government and personal organization, Legal department, Research and Development, Colleges and Universities and other such. They can prefer to become Legal Practitioners, Legal Advisors, Consultants, Researcher, Jurist, caseworkers, Lawyer, Solicitor and other such.

Types of Jobs with Salaries After PhD

No Job Profile Average Salary (INR)
1 Lawyer 4 to 5 Lakhs
2 Researcher 8 to 10 Lakhs
3 Professor 8 to 9 Lakhs
4 Forensic Agent 9 to 10 Lakhs

Frequently Asked Questions About Law degree in India

Q1 How to get a law degree in India?

A1 In India, a student can pursue a legal course only after completing an undergraduate course in any discipline. However, following the national law school model, one can study law as an integrated course of five years. But this can be done only after passing the senior secondary examination.

Q2 How many years is a law degree?

A2 LLB is the most common degree of law education. The LLB takes the 3 years as the duration of the course. One who wishes to do the integrated course can take admission in a 5-year integrated programme after the completion of 10+2 exams. LLM is a master degree in legal education having one or two-year duration.

Q3 What kind of degree is a law degree?

A3 Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) is the most common law degree offered and conferred by Indian universities which has a duration of three years. Almost all law universities follow a standard LL. B. curriculum, wherein students are exposed to the required bar subjects.

Q4 What is a LLB in law?

A4 The full form of LLB is Legum Baccalaureus popularly known as Bachelor of Law. LLB is a three-year law degree course that one can pursue after completion of graduation. LLB course is available at many prominent law colleges as per the guidelines of the Bar Council of India (BCI)

Q5 How many degrees are there in law?

A5 There are Bachelor and postgraduate degrees in law in India

Q6 Is law school really hard?

A6 LLB, whether three years or five years, is not a very difficult course to pursue as compared to other professional courses such as BTech and MBBS.

Q7 What type of lawyer earns the most?

A7 The lawyers that earn the most include:

1: Immigration Lawyer

2: Civil Rights Lawyer

3: Family and Divorce Lawyers

4: Personal Injury Lawyers

5: Criminal Defense Lawyers

6: Corporate Lawyers

7: Bankruptcy Lawyers

8: Real Estate Lawyers

9: Health Care Lawyers

10: Intellectual Property Lawyers

 

Q8 How difficult is a law degree?

A8 If you aspire to get it you will assure it is the best. Everything will seem easier to you.LLB can be both of 3 years and 5 years. An average student can easily consider LLB as a good choice because he/she will be able to study it easily by putting hard work and dedication into it.

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