The legal education that is present in India is largely based on English law. The student who passes the Law degree is hence designated as the “Lawyer”(one who practises law).
Various universities offer legal education at various academic levels in India. The main regulatory body for Law education in India is the BCI (Bar Council of India).
In the year 1985, our nation decided to establish a University for Law Education. This was to raise the academic standard of the legal profession in India. Consequently, the “National Law School of India University“(NLS) came into existence”.
The get admission for a law degree, the candidates have to appear in CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) 2021 . CLAT is conducted for admission to National Law Universities (NLUs) and other institutions. After passing CLAT, students can pursue Integrated L.L.B and L.L.M courses.
Candidates can go for law courses with any stream. They can be from Science stream/ Commerce stream / Arts stream. BCI provides a “Certificate of Practice” to the candidates, after completing LLB. To practice in the profession of law and to receive the certificate, the candidates have to qualify All India Bar Examination (AIBE 2021) additionally.
The selection process and eligibility criteria at the UG and PG levels vary. Therefore, the basic eligibility criteria for admission are as described below:
Candidates must pass Higher Secondary School/Intermediate (10+2) or its equivalent exam from a recognised board with 45% marks or more in aggregate.
Eligibility for PG Law Courses:
For LLM (2 years) course, candidates need LLB or equal degree from a recognised university.
A career in law can be done at various levels. Some popular options are UG, PG or doctorate (PhD) level in India. Law as a career is highly popular among students in India.
The history of law in India dates back thousands of years. It did vary from region to region during those times. With the progress of time, the legal system (laws of a country and how we interpret and enforce it) did change. Accordingly, more uniformity came to the laws across the nation.
These days, law graduates do make their presence feel in corporate houses, law firms, law agencies, administrative services and so on. Hence, the law as a career, do have a huge scope in India.
Many do prefer to choose criminal or civil. However, these days other branches are also gaining popularity. Some of them are cyber law, patent law as well as corporate law.
To have a career in law at the UG level, aspirants can pursue 5-year duration integrated LLB courses. Some of the courses are BA LLB, BBA LLB, BSc LLB or BCom LLB. Besides that, one can also pursue a 3 year LLB course after completing their graduation. Additionally, one can obtain a master’s degree (LLM) followed by a doctoral degree (PhD).
In the real world, the law refers to a set of rules that govern individuals and group behaviour. Most importantly, we don’t even know about many of these rules or we understand them only generally. For example, we don’t need to see a written law to know that it’s a crime to destroy the property of someone else.
Accordingly, it is a system of rules enforced through social or governmental institutions. Most importantly, it is to regulate the behaviour of individuals. Additionally, it ensures that the individuals and community support the will of the state.
|Branch||What will you study?|
|Cyber Law||Related to legal informatics and deals with the computers, software, hardware and information system and information security.|
|Criminal Law||Criminal law deals with actions that are threatening or harmful to the property, safety, and moral welfare of individuals or the society. Accordingly, it deals with the punishment and rehabilitation of people who violate laws and commit crimes|
|Civil Law||It covers many areas such as right to education, divorce,. Additionally, it also covers property disputes, ownership issues, Copyrights, insurance claims etc|
|Corporate Law||It deals with the legal concerns of corporations like shares, mergers and acquisitions etc. It thus encompasses the rules and regulations for the formation and operation of large companies.|
|Branch||What Will you Study?|
|Constitutional Law||Constitutional law defines the power that the various government bodies have at each level.|
|Real Estate Law||Real Estate Laws are concerned with the buying and selling of real estate properties which are usually land areas or any structure erected upon them.|
|Media Law||Regulation of the mass media through issues like censorship, copyright,etc..|
|Tax Law||Rules and regulations that determine the various taxes that must be paid to the various levels of government.
|Branch||What Will you Study?|
|Employment Law||Employment laws deal with individual employees. Accordingly, its focus is on grievances that such employees may have against their employees.|
|Mergers and Acquisition Law||Mergers and Acquisition (M&A) Law deals with the laws affecting the purchase of one company by another (an acquisition), or the blending of two companies into a new entity (a merger).|
There are various law courses in India including integrated, certificate, diploma, bachelors, master and doctorate courses. Accordingly, Law courses in India are becoming highly popular among law aspirants at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Additionally, with the Indian society becoming more aware of its rights and duties, law courses are among the top ten education programs in India.
Most importantly, the career is just not restricted to courtrooms and sessions. Besides that, one can find a wide variety of jobs, from a legal advisor to a corporate lawyer to an educationist.
Here is the complete list of UG, PG, Diploma and Certificate law courses in India.
There are various UG law courses in India such as integrated UG law courses, bachelor of legislative law and others. The UG Law courses in India offer a lot of exposure to students which helps them prepare for a successful career in law.
|LL.B (Intellectual Property Rights)|
|B.B.A. + LL.B (Hons.)|
|B.A. + LL.B|
|B.Com + LL.B|
|B.Com + LL.B.(Hons.)|
|B.Sc + LL.B|
|B.Sc + L.L.B (Hons.)|
|B.Tech + LL.B|
PG Law Courses in India
The PG law courses in India provide law aspirants with advanced theoretical and practical knowledge that is essential in the field of law. There is an ample number of PG law courses and specialisations that one can opt for as per their interest and career choices.
|LL.M. (Business Law)|
|LL.M. (Constitutional Law & Administrative Law)|
|LL.M. (Constitutional Law)|
|LL.M. (Corporate and Securities Law)|
|LL.M. (Corporate and Financial Law)|
|LL.M. (Criminal Law)|
|LL.M. (Criminal Law and Criminology|
|LL.M. (Energy Laws)|
|LL.M. (Human Rights)|
|LL.M (Environmental Law)|
|LL.M. (International Law, Constitutional Law and Human Rights)|
|LL.M. (Intellectual Property Rights)|
|LL.M. (International Environmental Rights)|
|LL.M. (International Trade Law)|
|LL.M (Labour Law and Administrative Law)|
|LL.M. (International Law, Constitutional Law and Human Rights)|
|LL.M. (Corporate Law)|
|LL.M. (Labour Law)|
|LL.M. (Mercantile Law)|
Diploma law courses in India take a relatively shorter time to complete than bachelor’s or associate degree programs. Therefore, diploma law courses are an ideal option for law aspirants look to jumpstart their career in the field of law.
|Corporate Laws & Management|
|Human Rights Law|
|Information Technology Laws|
|Labour Laws & Labour Welfare|
|Women Studies & Gender Justice|
Certificate law courses are a great choice for law professionals who want to enhance their knowledge in their respective law specialization. Certificate law courses add value to one’s professional career within a short span.
The selection process and eligibility criteria for admissions at UG and PG levels vary for different Law colleges across India. Accordingly, given below is the basic eligibility criteria that candidates need to fulfil to secure admission in law courses offered at UG and PG levels:
|Degree Level||Eligibility Details|
|UG||Cleared Higher Secondary School/Intermediate (10+2) or its equivalent exam from a recognised board with not less than 45% marks in aggregate.|
|PG||For admission in LLB (3 years) course, aspirants need to be graduates from a recognised university. Also, for admission in the LLM course candidates need to possess an LLB or equivalent degree from a recognised university.|
|PhD||Master’s degree or M.Phil in Law or Legal Studies with a minimum of 55% aggregate in the discipline passed from a recognized university.|
Some of the below mentioned Law entrance exams are to be taken after class XII and some after Graduation. Most importantly, the list given here includes Law entrance Tests at the All India level (National Level) while others at State Level or colleges have their entrance exams.
The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national level entrance exam for admissions to undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) law programmes offered by 22 National Law Universities around the country. Some of the NLUs that consider CLAT scores for admissions are NALSAR, NLSIU, WBNUJS, NLU, NLIU and GNLU
|Name of Exam||CLAT UG / CLAT PG|
|Name of Organization||CLAT Consortium, Bar Council of India|
|Mode of Application||Online|
|Application Fee||Gen/OBC/PWD/NRI – INR 4,000 SC/ST/BPL – INR 3,500|
|Mode of Exam||Offline|
|Courses Offered||BA LLB/BBA LLB/B.Sc LLB/LLM|
CLAT Eligibility Criteria
|Exam||Age Limit||Educational Qualification||Minimum Marks|
|CLAT UG||No Upper Age Limit||10+2 or Equivalent||Gen/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI – 45% SC/ST – 40%|
|CLAT PG||No Upper Age Limit||LLB or Equivalent||Gen/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI – 50% SC/ST – 45%|
Applicability: UG, PG
Duration: 120 Minutes for both UG and PG
Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is a standardized test of reading and verbal reasoning skills. Most importantly, it is conducted four times a year. It is specially designed for LLB and LLM admissions accordingly. LSAT scores are accepted by top institutes. Some of them are given below:
Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law
IIT Kharagpur Law School
Galgotia University Law School
The Jindal Global Law School
Amity Law School.
Eligibility Criteria for LSAT
Applicability: UG, PG
Duration: 2 hours 20 minutes (For each section 35 minutes time duration will be there)
The All India Bar Examination (AIBE) is not conducted for admission to Law colleges. Most importantly, the motive is to examine an advocate’s capability to practice the profession of law in India. The AIBE addresses a candidate’s analytical abilities and understanding of the basic knowledge of the law. After passing the examination, the candidate will be awarded a ” Certificate of Practice ” by the Bar Council of India.
Eligibility Criteria for AIBE
Candidates can appear for AIBE if they match the below eligibility criteria.
Applicability: After UG
Duration: 3 hrs and 30 mins
AILET – All India Law Entrance Test is an exam conducted exclusively for National Law University (NLU) Delhi BA-LLB, LLM, PhD Admissions.
Courses offered through AILET
Eligibility Criteria for AILET
Programs and Minimum Qualifications
For B.A.LL.B. (Hons.)- Five-Year Program
Passed Senior Secondary School Examination (10+2 System) or Equivalent Examination with 50% marks.
The candidates appearing in the 12th standard examination can also apply.
For LLM- One-Year Program
Passed LL.B. or an Equivalent Law Degree with 55% marks (50% in case of SC/ST/ Persons with Disabilities).
The candidates appearing in the final year LL.B. Examination can also apply.
For PhD Program
Passed LLM Degree with 55% Marks or its Equivalent (50% in case of SC/ST/ Persons with Disabilities).
Exam Mode – Offline mode
Language of Question paper – English medium
Questions Type – Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQ)
Total Questions – 150 questions
Marking Scheme – Each correct answer will consist of 1 mark.
Negative marking – 0.25 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer
Applicability: UG, PG, PhD
Duration: 1 hour 30 minutes
Eligibility Criteria for Army Institute of Law BA LLB Admission
|Affiliation||Punjabi University, Patiala|
|Accreditation||NAAC ‘A’ grade|
|Types of Courses offered||UG and PG|
|Courses Offered||Bachelor of Arts + Bachelor of Law (BA LLB) Master of Law (LLM)|
|Application Type||Online mode|
|Course Fee Details||Bachelor of Arts + Bachelor of Law (BA LLB): INR 6,41,000 /- For 5 years
Master of Law (LLM): INR 1,45,000 /- For 1 year
Duration: 2 hour
The official website https://www.nirfindia.org/ provides the ranking for the law colleges in India based on various parameters. Some of the parameters for the ranking include Teaching Learning & Resources, Research and Professional Practice, Graduation Outcome, Outreach & Inclusivity and Perception.
The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) has been accepted by the MoE and launched by the Honourable Minister for Education on 29th September 2015. This framework outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country
|University Name||Average Fee Structure||NIRF Rank|
|National Law School of India University||₹2.14 Lakhs (1st Year Fees)||1|
|National Law University||₹1.38 Lakhs (1st Year Fees)||2|
|Nalsar University of Law||₹2.42 Lakhs (1st Year Fees)||3|
|Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur||INR 1,23,900 (1st Year Fees)||4|
|National Law University||₹2.59 Lakhs (1st Year Fees)||5|
|The West Bengal National University of Juridicial Sciences||₹2.44 Lakhs (1st Year Fees)||6|
|Gujarat National Law University||₹1.86 Lakhs (1st Year Fees)||7|
|Symbiosis Law School||₹2.5 Lakhs (1st Year Fees)||8|
|Jamia Millia Islamia||₹10,400 (1st Year Fees)||9|
|The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law||Total Fee Rs. 206000||10|
LLB course duration is three years consisting of 6 semesters.
Private Universities: Rs 3.87 K – Rs 18 L
|College Name||Fees (INR)|
|Faculty of Law, DU||INR 5,428|
|Dr BR Ambedkar College of Law||INR 1,92,000|
|Lucknow University||INR 51,160|
|Government Law College, Mumbai||INR 6,980|
|Mumbai University||INR 54,520|
|Dept of Law, Punjab University||INR 13,452|
|Manikchand Pahade Law College||INR 3,750|
|MSU, Baroda||INR 8,560|
|Osmania University||INR 2,900|
LLB fees at Top Universities in India
|College Name||Fees (INR)|
|Symbiosis Law School||INR 3,20,000|
|Chandigarh University||INR 90,000|
|ILS Law College||INR 40,515|
|Bharati Vidyapeeth New Law College||INR 20,000|
|Lloyd Law College||INR 1,00,000|
|KIIT School of Law||INR 3,40,000|
|IMS Noida||INR 98,000|
|Navalmal Firodia Law College||INR 24,000|
|ICFAI University||INR 1,62,000|
|SDM Law College||INR 29,000|
|Minimum Fees||Maximum Fees|
|UG||3.00 K||1.40 K||1.12 Crores||30.00 Lakhs|
|PG||4.95 K||1.73 K||14.00 Lakhs||4.18 Lakhs|
|PhD||30.00 K||2.40 Lakhs||6.64 Lakhs||2.40 Lakhs|
|DIPLOMA||15.00 K||10.00 K||64.70 K||51.00 K|
LL.B has become one of the most popular degrees in the past few years. The course offers several job opportunities to those who wish to pursue the field of law. Over the last decade, the course of Bachelor of Law (LL.B) has become increasingly popular among students.
A massive number of students opt to pursue higher education in the field of law and seek admission in the best law colleges of India. LLB is one of the few law courses that are in great demand. A major reason for this is that the programme provides lucrative job opportunities to candidates across many sectors.
Passionate students who aspire to make a career in the field of law take the various law entrance exams in India to secure a seat in a leading law college, so that after completing the degree of LLB, they can get multiple job options and career opportunities to pursue.
|No||Job Profile||Average Salary (INR)|
|1||Law Officer||6.5 LPA|
|2||Junior Lawyer||3 LPA|
|3||Advocate||7 – 10 LPA|
|5||Private Practice||9 – 15 LPA|
|6||Corporate Lawyer||7 LPA|
LLM, or Master of Laws, is a 2-year master degree program in the field of law, offering various specializations such as International Law, Criminal law, Corporate Law, Constitutional law, Maritime Law, and many others. After completing this law degree, there are equal opportunities in both the government sector and private sectors for a successful career as an Advocate, Lawyer, Legal Counsel, Law officer, etc.
|Job Position||Average Salary|
|Guest Faculty||INR 4.8 LPA|
|Law Clerk||INR 3.6 LPA|
|Law Assistant||INR 5.5 LPA|
|Legal Researcher||INR 8 LPA|
|Civil Judge||INR 10 LPA|
|Legal Officer||INR 8.4 LPA|
|Public Prosecutor||INR 5 LPA|
Students after the successful completion of a PhD in Legal Studies program have a large opportunity to explore various areas of professional life. Candidates have a good scope to explore their knowledge, skills, training and apply the tools in areas like Law organizations, Businesses, Government and personal organization, Legal department, Research and Development, Colleges and Universities and other such. They can prefer to become Legal Practitioners, Legal Advisors, Consultants, Researcher, Jurist, caseworkers, Lawyer, Solicitor and other such.
|No||Job Profile||Average Salary (INR)|
|1||Lawyer||4 to 5 Lakhs|
|2||Researcher||8 to 10 Lakhs|
|3||Professor||8 to 9 Lakhs|
|4||Forensic Agent||9 to 10 Lakhs|
A1 In India, a student can pursue a legal course only after completing an undergraduate course in any discipline. However, following the national law school model, one can study law as an integrated course of five years. But this can be done only after passing the senior secondary examination.
A2 LLB is the most common degree of law education. The LLB takes the 3 years as the duration of the course. One who wishes to do the integrated course can take admission in a 5-year integrated programme after the completion of 10+2 exams. LLM is a master degree in legal education having one or two-year duration.
A3 Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) is the most common law degree offered and conferred by Indian universities which has a duration of three years. Almost all law universities follow a standard LL. B. curriculum, wherein students are exposed to the required bar subjects.
A4 The full form of LLB is Legum Baccalaureus popularly known as Bachelor of Law. LLB is a three-year law degree course that one can pursue after completion of graduation. LLB course is available at many prominent law colleges as per the guidelines of the Bar Council of India (BCI)
A5 There are Bachelor and postgraduate degrees in law in India
A6 LLB, whether three years or five years, is not a very difficult course to pursue as compared to other professional courses such as BTech and MBBS.
A7 The lawyers that earn the most include:
1: Immigration Lawyer
2: Civil Rights Lawyer
3: Family and Divorce Lawyers
4: Personal Injury Lawyers
5: Criminal Defense Lawyers
6: Corporate Lawyers
7: Bankruptcy Lawyers
8: Real Estate Lawyers
9: Health Care Lawyers
10: Intellectual Property Lawyers
A8 If you aspire to get it you will assure it is the best. Everything will seem easier to you.LLB can be both of 3 years and 5 years. An average student can easily consider LLB as a good choice because he/she will be able to study it easily by putting hard work and dedication into it.