Hello there, hope you are doing great! Today we will talk about Journalism. What is Journalism? What are its scopes? How is it as a career? These would be some of the basic questions which we would try to answer in the following post.

So sit back and enjoy!

Table of Contents

For starters, Journalism is a profession that involves the media. To be more exact, journalism deals with activities that involve the spreading of information and news. The major goal in journalism is to deliver truths, facts and events. Apart from writing for newspapers, other means such as magazines, podcasts or blogging can also be considered as a part of journalism.

Journalism, to be more precise, includes spreading the news by various means. As we discussed before, these include the use of news channels, magazines, the internet and even social media. Journalism forms a part of the domain of media and communication.

As a matter of fact, we all know the importance of Information in our daily life. This profession is a lot more exciting work as it focuses on the propagation of information. Since there are abundant forms of such information, journalism hence tends to be more diverse and unique.

But how is journalism different from communication? The basic difference between journalism and communication is that the value of the information. As a matter of fact, anyone can raise their voice, views and opinions. And by all means, this counts as communication. But when these views and opinions get covered to reach more people, journalism plays a key role here. In short, journalism is a profession of not only searching and finding truths and facts but also giving it recognition.

Following are some of the questions we would be answering in the post :

  • What is Journalism?
  • How did it begin?
  • What are the various journalism courses?
  • How is the salary structure?
  • Is it a good idea to pursue it as a career?

and many more.

Besides, people who are in this profession are called journalists.

So if you are interested in joining the group “spreading the truth” squad, you need to yourself with journalism very well.

But what does it takes to be a journalist? How would you do it? Simple, Just read along and we would cover A-Z about Journalism in this post:-

So let’s move onwards and see what journalism is.

What is Journalism?

Still with us? Great.

While we went over what is journalism, in this section, we would elaborate on the meaning of Journalism.

Journalism refers to covering news and information for the people. This includes researching an event, creating a manuscript and put it in front of the public. The main goal of journalism is to liberate various events, opinions and facts to the public. In other words, the journalist tries to find various events across the country and try to present them to the people. That is to say that the main motive of it is to spread the truth and knowledge.

News and other media play a very important role in our life, and journalism is what happens behind them. The journalists try to put out the latest news, to the people while maintaining the accuracy of the report. Thus a journalism job includes many activities surrounding the events, facts and incidents of daily life.

At present, Journalism provides information on the following domains like –

  • Politics,
  • Weather,
  • Sports,
  • Education
  • Finance
  • and many more.

Besides that, a journalist also tries to cover every aspect of information. Those events that are covered in dept is often liked by the public. In a similar way, many of them cover content that includes politics and public affairs. Moreover, these also include information about education, lifestyle and sport.

But how to decide if journalism is a good career for me? Well, if you are interested in “Finding the truths” and spreading awareness, journalism is the career for you. The journalism industry in India is a major industry and one of the prominent. As a matter of fact, journalism jobs are interesting jobs since many feel this profession provides a lot of “freedom” to them.

But how did it began? What laid the foundation stone of Journalism? Read ahead as we would cover exactly that.

History of Journalism

Journalism in itself does not have a definite point of start in the history. Thus it is easy to get lost in finding the actual beginning of journalism. A possible reason is that the topic of journalism in itself is very diverse. In fact, different civilizations started mass media at various points in time.

Thus to not deviate from the topic, we would limit ourselves to the History of Journalism in India. First of all, mass journalism started with the introduction of newspapers. And newspapers were one of the main means of spreading information in the early decade. But in the present too, the newspaper is still under circulation. James Augustus Hickey,  an Irishman,  is considered the first person who has started mass journalism in India. He was the one who introduced the newspapers in India. It is worth noting that he launched the  Bengal Gazette, which started the first newspaper in the early 1780s. Newspapers played an important role in British India, and it is still important to the present day.

The following were the earliest newspaper networks in India-

  • The Bengal Journal,
  • Calcutta Chronicle,
  • Madras Courier,
  • Bombay Herald

These newspapers had a major impact on politics. And it was through this way the information was spread in India. In those years, newspapers played an important role in spreading the news in India.  Later on, radios also became an important part of mass media.

Over the years, other forms of media emerged. These were, like radio, news channel, advertisement and even online news to name a few.

As a matter of fact, India is the second largest newspaper market in the whole world. Besides that, India has over 1600 satellite channels and more than 400 news channels.

Types of Journalism

Since journalism is a diverse profession, it consists of various types, branches and subdivisions. Hence we have provided you with a list that contains different types of journalism. Obviously, the types of journalism could be many, and there is no such defined list of different types of journalism. Some fields, like Investigative journalism, and sports journalism are more famous. But journalism types like sports journalism and fashion journalism are also there.

Thus in a way, the types of journalism are vast and diverse. Besides that, these different types include different domains of information and news.

Without any delay, we present the following list of journalism type that is popular in mass media.

Investigative journalism

Our first journalism type is Investigative Journalism.

This is at the top of our list for types of journalism. Investigative journalism is one of the interesting fields in journalism.

This journalism career involves a lot of deep research on a subject or an event. The motive of such research is to discover evidence and provide the result to the public. People who are in this type of journalism job search case files, archives and investigates various sources to find clues. Many times, they search for clues that are not yet been discovered. These are the journalist who interviews big people to find out clues, based on which they provide a conclusion that is of use to the public.

While this type of job is fascinating, it requires a lot of time. Investigative journalism requires in-depth research, planning and mining out conclusions. Besides that, they have to present it convincing way. This work may get tedious and stressful.

But as a matter of fact, this is one of the leading and fastest-growing occupations that come under journalism. People working under this journalism job receive a good amount of salary and high exposure.

Thus if you have a knack for finding out clues and solve the real-life puzzle, this is for you!

An example of investigative journalism is to check various institutions if they are following the mode of conduct.

Political journalism

The next up on our list is Political Journalism. This is a type of journalism job which we get to see a lot.

This is the widest spread profession in the journalism branch in the whole world. In fact, political journalism contains around the political information of a particular state or organization.

Political journalism focuses on topics like government, politics, political decisions, debate and more. Besides that, political journalism also covers different parts of political activities and events. Such journalism jobs could be conducted at a local, national or global level.

Political journalists thus report on various activities in the political and state domain. This includes examining elected officials, political candidates, and the workings of a political party.

In detail, it includes reporting on political news, agendas and political event. The journalist tried to provide the public with deep information about the political activities. Political reporters can also report news of important public opinion well.

As a matter of fact, Political news has a wide reach in every country. This reporting is spread via print, digital and broadcast media. To be more exact, these include the use of news channels, radio, newspaper, editorial apps and more.

For people who have a great interest in knowing various aspects of politics and democracy, this journalism career is the best.

Sports journalism

Now we are getting into the entertainment part of journalism.

The next topic of journalism type is sports journalism. This is one of the most valued and entertaining fields of journalism. Why? Because sports has become a major sensation in the modern world.

As the name suggests, Sports journalism focuses on the subject of sports news. These include domains such as reporting on the results of a match, ranking of a team or athletes, upcoming sports events and more. Besides that, sports has a huge audience base. Thus sports journalism has a high influence and hence, it is gaining popularity. Sports news can appear in many forms, such as surveys, interviews, analysis of a match,  or opinion.

Sports commentary is a form of sports news used for broadcast and online news. Thus if you are a sports fan, and love researching about them, this couldn’t be a better option as a journalism career.

Entertainment journalism

This job consists of all the other major entertainment-related jobs under journalism.

Next up on our list is an Entertainment journalism career. Evidently, this is one of the fields of journalism that receive high reader engagement and audience base.

Entertainment journalists are those people who report entertainment related news. This field is one of the prominent branches of journalism. As a matter of fact, the popularity of online news and digital means, prosperity under this journalism career has sky rocketed. Entertainment news cover topic such as movies, music, TV and of course, fashion.

In fact, entertainment news covers on latest events of popular celebrity and trends. For instance, these include entertainment reporters celebrities interviews, movies reviews, and others. These reporters reports on movie premieres and awards ceremonies, which is a favorite amongst many.

The entertainment news industry has popularized itself via social media, blogs and video blogs. Thus this is one of the prosperous fields of journalism, and comparatively more fun according to sources. Besides that, the workload and research are comparatively easier than other forms of media.

Opinion journalism

Last, but not least, we have opinion journalism.

This is a unique journalism type, as it relies more on the options of events than the research of the event. What do we mean by that?

Well, to clarify, Public opinion journalism is more inclined to subjective facts. Thus in this type of journalism, the news relies more on opinion. This type of journalism job has least different from other journalists. Opinion journalists report stories from their own perspective, including their own thoughts and opinions.

Opinion news is different from other types because journalists can combine their opinions. But what is the difference between opinions and facts? For instance, by providing reports from multiple angles, public opinion journalism news helps people understand their views and values.

Thus it helps the public to understand reality more comprehensively. Even if some journalists agree with your personal views, it is necessary to weigh these views with the opposite views in order to have a deeper understanding and cultivate sympathy and respect for diversity. As a matter of fact, success in journalism lies in weighing different arguments and clubbing them to form conclusions.

For example, opinion journalism includes political journalism , which reports on political activities from their own perspective.

Similarly, add about all types of specializations in the same word limit.

Scope of Journalism in India

Every minute, the world has a story worth sharing. Be it about discoveries, politics, sports, education, entertainment and technology. And this is the job of the journalist to cover these events and present them to the public.

Without journalism, these stories cannot reach people. Thus these journalist plays a key role in the providing information in the current age. As a matter of fact, over the years, communication networks have expanded from radio, and newspapers to social media and online news sites. Evidently, the scope of news has expanded and as a matter of fact, it is still expanding. Evidently, there is an increase in the number of communication channels and viewers.

Thus, journalism has become a prestigious career choice for many students in India. But it is worth noting that Journalism is a challenging field as it plays a very big role in national development. Today’s journalists focus on certain fields such as finance, education, law, politics, sports, and science.

Hence, the following are some of the notable scopes in journalism.

Broadcast journalism

Broadcast news involves reporting information to the public through locations other than newspapers. Those who study the field learn production techniques, tools and research. People pursuing this journalism job often find jobs in companies and TV studios.

Broadcast news media includes television, radio and the Internet. Such news spread faster than old forms of news, including print media, and is easier to obtain. These journalists report the news to the general public through electronic media and radio.

The graduates can be people in front of the camera or microphone, news announcers, or in the production studio. Their efficiency and control over the microphone and recording programs are equally important. Evidently, this is one of the fastest-growing fields in journalism.

This is also suitable for students who wish to edit or direct news.

Those interested in broadcast journalism can pursue careers in various fields, including those who report news or produce shows. Since there is a large broadcasting network in the country, thus this career field has a big scope.

News Anchoring

News anchors show viewers different types of TV programs, including recorded and live programs. According to the host’s professional knowledge and experience, people watch different types of TV programs. For instance, these could be roles such as debates, talk shows, live broadcasts, etc. Thus the anchor becomes widely known amongst people.

Senior anchors of TV news programs use their oral skills to accurately and concisely convey the news to the audience. As the position implies, they are professionals who host or maintain news programs. Following this, the on-site reporters published their stories, they maintained the continuity of the show. Successful news anchors have audiences who trust them and prefer their other choices in a particular market.

Although their audience usually only sees one or two hours a day, news anchors are on duty much longer than any news broadcast. The workload of news anchors is huge. The following are some of the main roles of news announcers.

  • Research current affairs at the local, state, national, and international levels
  • Meet with news directors, reporters, and other news anchors to get news of the day
  • Work with news directors to verify the reliability of the source of the story to be broadcast.
  • Considering audience preferences organization and is a voice for them
  • Writing, reviewing, and preparing broadcast scripts
  • Ensuring that breaking news is added to news broadcasts
  • Providing editorial comments when appropriate Interviewing people involved in specific stories
  • Introducing news reporters on the spot And ask related questions

Newspapers Journalism

Roles like newspaper editor is a professional journalism career. This demands a lot of skills and hard work, but it’s rewarding in a country like India.

There are many roles that come under newspaper journalism. For instance, these include photography journalism, editor, subeditor and many more.

The editor supervises the work of all newspaper employees. They allocate space for articles, editorials, photos and advertisements. Further, they decide which stories to include in each issue.

News editors are different from newspaper editors. They supervise the news content of each issue. They assign reports to reporters, work with editors and decide the priority and importance of news articles. Besides that, they also review legal and ethical issues in the journalist’s copy.

Journalists write reports on various topics, including news, politics, sports, culture, and entertainment. They specialize in areas such as sports, health, crime, business or education. Others are feature writers who delve into the subject or write stories of human interest.

The associate editor ensures that all texts can be read well and are grammatically and in fact correct. They edit the story to maintain word boundaries. You design the page layout and write the title and description text.

One of the tasks of the associate editor is to write a caption for the photo. Subtitles are short and clear sound bits of 15-25 words. The title helps readers understand the photo. In a way, they tell readers what the photo itself cannot do.

Freelance Journalist

Freelance journalists are the same in all respects. At first glance, they are no different from other journalists. However, Freelance journalists do not work for single publications and are also self-employed.  They have choices to join and have a flexible job status.

Freelance journalists create textual works for one or more clients. As mentioned earlier, freelance writers are self-employed and thus do not have a single full-time permanent position.

To become a successful freelance writer, they should have experience in using various tools and software that they have. This comes with experience and experimenting’s.

Since this is a self-employed activity, it requires a lot of work. Why? Because usually, freelance journalists are editors, photographers, associate editors, proofreaders, and everyone. In short, you have to do many things yourself.

Some people find it interesting and some people find it difficult. But the biggest factor leading to its popularity is the “freedom” it provides.

The work of a freelance writer involves overseeing all aspects of the production process, from start to submission. If necessary, they also work with clients to determine work-related expectations.

Due to online jobs and work from home situations, the popularity of this journalism career role is booming. As a matter of fact, many top journalists start by creating their portfolios by becoming freelance journalists.

Eligibility Criteria for Journalism in India

Phew! We got to know a lot about journalism. This field is very diverse and continues to evolve. If you are still with us, you may be wondering how to become a journalist, and what it takes to become one.

Move on and that is exactly what we will be covering now.

Here are the eligibility criteria for making it in as a Journalist in India.

  • The candidate needs to have completed 10+2 years of education with a recognized board in India. In this, they can opt for any stream they want, since the journalism field does not demand any specific requirements when it comes to streams.
  • Must have passed in 10 + 2 or similar from a recognized board. As mentioned before, The candidate can opt for any stream to pursue journalism. Moreover, many journalists start to create their portfolios by doing small editorial jobs. Such as article writing and many more.
  • For PG Diploma programs, a candidate must have a minimum of 45% marks in graduation.
  • Some of the universities/colleges also ask for a valid score in the entrance examination conducted by the respective university.
  • For a master’s degree, the candidates must have a bachelor’s degree in Journalism and Mass Communication with a minimum of 50% marks.
  • Develop your writing skills. Blogging or becoming a freelance writer for news organizations or other media outlets is another way to gain experience. Write about things that grab people’s attention, and show your ability to find a story at the heart of any event.
  • The candidates must possess good communication, reading and speaking skills. Regardless of what job role they are pursuing, they must be skilled to put down their thoughts and views in writing, or in dialogues.
  • They must have knowledge regarding various spectrum and terminology of journalism
  • Admissions are usually made based on merit or a university-level examination, thus they must attain good marks.
  • An inquisitive and investigative mind
  • The writing skills of the person must be developed. Blogging or becoming a freelance writer for news organizations or other media outlets is another way to gain experience. More the exposure, better the journalist

Journalism Entrance Exams

Journalism could be exciting and fun. But as a matter of fact, it is one of the most competitive job careers. Journalism sometimes refers to the art of delivering facts, which anybody can do. But only those journalists are successful whose facts, news and opinion reach the aspirations of the common people.

So, if this job role is that competitive, how one should make sure to become successful in the journalism career? Get an education qualification. Having a qualification has many merits. Evidently, a survey shows that people who have a qualification are more likely to be employed earlier than those who don’t.

So here are some of the prominent examinations in journalism.

IIMC Entrance Exam-

  • The Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC) is a prominent institute for those who want to pursue a journalism job. The IIMC Entrance Exam is a computer-based test.
  • This test contains MCQs and objective style questions by the Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC).
  • Students who pass the IIMC Entrance Exam will be called to a Personal Interview (PI). Only those students who pass both rounds are thus offered admission to the IIMC’s numerous programs.
  • This is a 2-hour test and is conducted annually.
  • A candidate who has a bachelors degree can apply.


  • MICA is a university that specializes in providing communication-related courses for students. MICAT (MICA Admission Test) is a PGDM course entrance ability test provided by MICA Ahmedabad.
  • The exam is conducted every six months and is conducted by MICA (Institute of Handprint Communication) in Ahmedabad.
  • The test consists of three parts.
  • Psychological Test
  • Aptitude Test, as well as
  • Descriptive Test
  • The exam is a 2 hours 15 minutes test and, as earlier mentioned, is conducted twice a year.


  • The Jain Entrance Test or JET 2021 is an online (previously offline) entrance test is conducted by Jain University. With this test, candidates can get admission to courses offered by Jain University.
  • Although Jain University is known widely as a technical university, it still offers excellent courses on mass communication.
  • The exam is a 3 hours course.


  • SET is one of the leading universities in the country. As a matter of fact, it has a wide range of courses, including mainstream media like mass communication.
  • Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET) is conducted by Symbiosis International (considered as a university) for admission to Symbiosis Institutes.
  • The SET exam is the entry point for undergraduate courses in many courses, including that of mass communication.
  • Conducted once a year, it is a 2.5-hour university entrance exam

Top Journalism Courses in India

But what course should I join? To be honest, the options are many. And it is really easy to get lost in the magnitude of options, in which one may seem confused.

While there are many courses through which you can pursue a journalism career, some course certificate has a higher value than other. Hence, to clear out the confusion, we are going to see what are the top journalism courses in India at UG, PG and PhD levels.

Still with us? Great. Let’s move on.

Top Journalism Courses for Bachelors in India

The following are some of the leading Bachelor courses for Journalism.

B.A.  (Journalism)

BA Journalism is a top UG level bachelor degree course in Arts. It accepts millions of candidates in India every year. This course is most suitable for those who wish to enter the mass media and communication industry. Not to mention that journalism also belongs to mass communication and media.

There are basic requirements that are expected from the candidates before giving the exam. Firstly, of course, it is necessary that the student has passed from 10+2 or a similar grade in any recognized boards. Secondly, this course has no stream specification. That means students who have taken any stream can take up this course.

It is important to note that the course is usually a 3-year programme, and has high competition.

However, the placement rate and the journalism job opportunities are great. Many people who want to make out a journalism career choose to pursue this course over the others. The BA course is one of the most popular courses in the country for pursuing various art-related professions.

List of Top B.A.  (Journalism)  Colleges in India

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off
Christ University Catholic College 60%
Madras Christian College


The University of Madras 55%
St. Xavier’s College


University of Calcutta 99%
Jyothi Nivar College


Bengaluru City University 80%



Bengaluru North University 75%


Average Fees for B.A.  (Journalism): INR 20,000 to INR 1,00,000

Admission Criteria for B.A.  (Journalism): Qualify 10+2  or similar with a recognized board

Types of Jobs after B.A.  (Journalism): Columnists, Editors, Reporter, News Anchor, Investigative Journalists

Average Placements after B.A.  (Journalism): INR 3,50,000 LPA to INR 6,00,000 LPA

Bachelor in Journalism and Mass Communication

This journalism course focuses on mass communication as well. The Bachelor of Journalism is a bachelor degree course for students in art. As mentioned before, this course is for candidates who wish to pursue a  journalism career with mass media. How is it different from BA in Journalism? Well in this course, the candidate will get journalism-related skills and basic knowledge about mass media.

Thus these people have an extra skill set which they get certified.

After completing the course, candidates will be able to develop their skills in collecting and delivering news. Fun and exciting job opportunities in this field attract a huge amount of students to pursue the career.

Candidates who complete the course usually get the chance to work for newspapers, news channels, television and many more.

As a matter of fact, this is the best journalism-related course for candidates who are curious about covering events around the world.

As a matter of fact, some of the qualities and skills that applicants must have. Like for instance, they must have great listening and oratory skills. Further, they must be good at writing an article. Moreover, they must also be objective oriented and have a research mindset.

List of Top Bachelor in Journalism and Mass Communication  Colleges in India

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off
Asian College of Journalism Delhi University 60%
IIMC New Delhi


JNU, New Delhi 75%
Xavier University of Communication


Xavier University Bhubaneswar 75%
Lady Shri Ram College for Women, New Delhi


University of Delhi 78%

Average Fees for B.Com. (Hons): INR 1 Lakh to INR 2 Lakh

Admission Criteria for B.Com. (Hons): Qualify 10+2  or similar with a recognized board

Types of Jobs after B.Com. (Hons): Reporter, Copywriter, Creative Director, Sub-Editor, Editor

Average Placements after B.Com. (Hons): INR 3 LPA to INR 5.9 LPA

Bachelors in Mass Media

BMM or Bachelor of Mass media is also an attractive course for candidates who wants to pursue a journalism career. However, this course not only focuses on journalism but the mass media as a whole. BMM is a three-year duration course that includes the study of media via various means. In detail, these include mediums such as newspapers, television, radio, and the internet.

At present, mass media stands as an attractive career option to many. A degree in BMM offers abstract and exciting job opportunities. BMM teaches students all the technical skills required to be successful in the field of mass media. Certain aspects of mass media are also included. The course teaches the candidate various skills such as research aptitude, writing skills, and verbal skills. Further they are trained with modern technologies in the mass media industry.

List of Top Bachelors in Mass Media Colleges in India

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off
Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism 76%
Indian Institute Of Journalism And New Media, Bangalore


JNU, New Delhi


Symbiosis Institute Of Media And Communication, Pune


Symbiosis International 98%
Christ University Catholic College 60%
Xavier University of Communication Xavier University Bhubaneswar 75%

Average Fees for Bachelors in Mass Media: INR 60,000 to INR 1.7 Lakh

Admission Criteria for Bachelors in Mass Media: Qualify 10+2  or similar with a recognized board

Types of Jobs after Bachelors in Mass Media: Director, Sound Engineer, Columnist, News Anchor, Proofreader, News Anchor

Average Placements after Bachelors in Mass Media: INR 1 LPA to INR 2 LPA

Top Journalism Courses for Masters in India

After having gone through the bachelor’s journalism course options, why stop there? Let’s see what are the courses for those who want to pursue masters courses in journalism.

Master of Journalism and Mass Communication

Master of Journalism & Mass Communication (MJMC) is a PG course in the field of journalism and mass communication. The MJMC is for students who are interested in pursuing higher education in the field of journalism. The course usually lasts two years. But some university also offers courses with longer duration. With that said, the course is provided by major arts and media institutions in India. The course focuses on different aspects of media. These include writing, reporting, and editing reports and news. The course also emphasizes learning about modern media in the country.

The MJMC degree allows students to work in various locations, such as news websites, channels and editorials. Common job roles are writer, reporter, editor, etc. The following are the further details.

List of Top Master of Journalism and Mass Communication  Colleges in India

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off/Merit Based
Shri Ram College of Commerce Delhi University 99%-100%
IIMC New Delhi JNU, New Delhi 75%
Madras Christian College The University of Madras 55%
Symbiosis Institute Of Media And Communication, Pune Symbiosis International 98%

Average Fees for Master of Journalism and Mass Communication: INR 80,000 to INR 2 Lakh

Admission Criteria Master of Journalism and Mass Communication: The candidate must complete their graduation in any UG course. Although graduation in the journalism field is preferred.

Types of Jobs after Master of Journalism and Mass Communication: writer, reporter, editor,

Average Placements after Master of Journalism and Mass Communication: INR 4.3 LPA – 5.1 LPA

Master of Journalism

Masters of Journalism is one of the most popular journalism courses in India. This course receives a huge amount of students every year and it is a very demanded course in Art Stream. And thus for the same reason, we are putting it on top of our list. There are thousands of colleges and university that provides courses under the Arts branch.

This course usually lasts two years and is provided by various institutions in India. The course focuses on different aspects of journalism, such as writing, reporting, and editing. The course also teaches the candidates the fundamentals of modern media.

The MJ degree allows students to work in various exciting locations. To name a few, they work in places such as news networks, magazines, and newspapers. You can choose to work as a correspondent, writer, reporter, editor, etc.

List of Top Master of Journalism Colleges in India

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off/Merit Based
St. Xavier’s College


University of Calcutta 99%
IIMC New Delhi JNU, New Delhi 75%
Jyothi Nivar College


Bengaluru City University 80%
Symbiosis Institute Of Media And Communication, Pune Symbiosis International 98%

Average Fees for Master of Journalism: INR 39,000 to INR 2 Lakh

Admission Criteria Master of Journalism: The candidate must complete their graduation in any UG course. Although graduation in the journalism field is preferred.

Types of Jobs after Master of Journalism: Columnist, Feature Writer, Editor, Photo Journalist, Video Journalist, etc.

Average Placements after Master of Journalism: INR 4.3 LPA to INR 5 LPA

PhD in Journalism

If you are inspired to hone your skills to the next level, you can consider getting yourself a PhD degree. Yes, there are PhD degree courses in journalism and mass communication-related courses. And that is not all. You can consider standing out from most of the crowd since the competition for the PhD course in Journalism is usually Low.

Moreover, people with a PhD degree are undoubtedly are more favorable for top positions in any media house.

The Masters of Journalism and Mass Communication is a research degree that can last for 36 years, depending on the field of study. The focus of the course is to study and research various aspects of journalism. Candidates should have a master’s degree in journalism and mass communication, with a total score of around 55% to be eligible. These are the main eligibility criteria to pursue this journalism course.

Some colleges might ask more. Sometimes many universities require applicants to take the entrance exam for the university. In order to pass some entrance exams, applicants may need to participate in interviews or group discussions.

Some popular entrance exams for this course specifically are LPU NEST, NET, SEAT and more.

Colleges/Universities offering PhD in Journalism

College Name Affiliated University Eligibility
IIMC New Delhi JNU, New Delhi 75%
Savitribai Phule Pune University 98%
IIS University 75%
Amity School of Communication


Amity University 50%
Indira Gandhi National Open University


RIG Institute of Hospitality and Management 64%

Average Fees for PhD in Journalism: INR 60,000 and INR 1.5 Lakh

Admission Criteria Master of Journalism and Mass Communication: The candidate must complete their graduation in any PG course. Although graduation in the journalism field is preferred.

Average Placements after PhD in Journalism: INR 4,000 to INR 1.2 Lakh

What to do after PhD in Journalism?

After you have completed the course, you are finally ready to pursue your passion for a journalism career. Besides that, your degree opens a gateway to diverse job opportunities. Hence to make yourself with different types of journalism jobs we have prepared various job roles below. Along with it, we have also provided additional facts and figures to let you decide your journalism career plan as we move forward.

Here are some of the common Journalism Job Roles after completing a PhD.

  • Freelance writer
  • Print Journalist
  • Broadcast journalist
  • Photojournalist
  • News producer
  • Copy Editor
  • News Anchor

and many more.

But confusion now arises which job is better than others. What is the most prosperous journalist career? How is the salary structure of each? And more

To help you with it, we would continue to show the various levels and journalism job roles available in the journalism course – but with more elaboration.

As we move onwards, we would look closer at the job roles and various different levels and salary options available for you.

Ready? Let move on.

Journalism Job Roles & Levels in India

As we move on, we would show the famous job roles under journalism. Apart from that, we would also show the salary of each job role at different levels in the job. It is worth mentioning that the following figures are just average only, and the actual salary depends on the firm with which you are working.

If we were to talk about the various skills that are required in almost all job roles in the journalism career, they would be as follows.

The main responsibility of a Journalist is as follows:-

  • Writing and reporting stories and updates for use online and in print, radio, and television according to the prescribed style guides.
  • Always have an investigative and unbiased mindset and attitude.
  • Make sure the authenticity of the work is maintained and the results that you produce are authentic.
  • Establishing and maintaining records of interviews and memorials.
  • Proofreading and verifying statements and fact.

So without any delay, let’s move on to our first journalist job role.

Photo journalist: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

“A picture is worth a hundred words”. We all have heard these quotes. It so happens that in journalism, photos are not only worth a hundred words but also a hundred perspectives.

Photo journalism is a narrative process that uses photography to convey a story. The photo journalist uses their camera and other tools to capture the visual design of the story. Although it usually refers only to still images, it can also refer to video used in broadcast news. In fact, like a writer, a photo journalist is also a reporter. But they must always make immediate decisions and learn to use photographic equipment.

Thus, this journalist job role is quite interesting and adventurous. If you are an avid photographer, and also interested in media, this job profile is destined for you.

They face major obstacles, including personal danger, bad weather and large crowds. Why? Because they need to capture the right moment at the right time. So this job as a reporter is very interesting and adventurous. If you are an avid photographer and interested in the media, then this job description is for you.

As a photo journalist, you travel to many places to study and capture the moments that tell stories to a broad audience. In fact, this is one of the main motivations to promote photojournalists. In the visual age, almost every field of journalism relies on photography. Photos usually convey the meaning of an event more effectively. Whether it’s news websites, news blogs, newspapers or TV, these people are indeed very popular.

Here is the Average Salary for:-

Beginners: Rs.1 LPA to 5 LPA

Mid-Experienced: Rs.2 LPA to 3 LPA

Highly Experienced: Rs. 5 LPA to 15 LPA

Researcher: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

If the news is the main content, the information and facts are the backbones. Every news that is circulated is hugely based on information and facts. The more accurate the facts and figures, the better the news.

The people who coordinate this information and nicely present it to the people are called researchers. Thus they are the people who are in charge of one of the most fundamental segments of news and media.

This role requires various skills – both on the creative and academic sides. Usually, a researcher must have a great and keen knowledge regarding a particular topic. Skills like knowing a relevant language, regional knowledge and research skills are important. Evidently, the more experienced a researcher is, the better. Since they would be able to develop and provide high-value information and news.

These people are responsible for maintaining an up-to-date database of personal and organizational sources. Moreover, they use modern technology to collect and find reliable information and verify the facts.

Since many researchers work as a team, they must also have great teamwork skills. I would like to emphasize the teamwork part. Since all major press and news network requires great collaboration and teamwork for success.

Photo journalism also involves the integration of images, video/graphics and data into the output of BBCM. Researchers verify information about politicians and other figures. They fact check data of organizations and store these data to use in the reports. They also help produce various other products, including text and multimedia.

Here is the Average Salary for:-

Beginners: Rs. 1 LPA to 3 LPA

Mid-Experienced: Rs.3 LPA to 6 LPA

Highly Experienced: Rs. 6 LPA to 10 LPA

News Anchor: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Undoubtedly, being a News Anchor is one of those job roles that give you a lot of exposure. Humans are social beings who communicate with words, but mostly through emotions. Anchors are the person who spread the information, facts and figures in a way that touches the conscience of a wide audience.

For this, unlike other job roles mentioned, the news anchor must be creative, have good speaking skills and of course, be a good narrator.

News anchors are considered one pivotal figures in the mass media. In detail, News anchors are people who educate the public. They do so by reporting local, national, and international news and events. They try to take opinions and becomes the voice of the people. News anchors are people who provide information to the mass audience through electronic media. And that too without usually used printed materials. Their job is to provide accurate, interesting and compelling information to attract the attention of the public. An anchor work in the diverse fields of politics, war, business and environment.

Thus in order to be a great anchor, you must be curious to learn, brave enough to fight and smart enough to deliver the right facts and figures. There are no eligibility criteria as such.

To pursue a news anchor journalism career, the qualification requirements are not defined. Though a degree in mass communication or journalism may be helpful. Why? Because as a matter of fact most of the country’s well-known reporters have taken one or another course in mass media r journalism.

A simple degree in journalism would do to become a news anchor. But the oratory skills and presentation skill is the defining character of an Anchor.

Here is the Average Salary for:-

Beginners: Rs.1 LPA to 2 LPA

Mid-Experienced: Rs.2 LPA to 7 LPA

Highly Experienced: Rs. 8 LPA to 15 LPA

Reporter: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Reporters form one of the main parts of broadcast journalism. Reporters are people, as the name suggests, who report on various news. They cover the information, events and latest facts and present it to the common public. The reporter provides the latest updates and analysis of the latest events. As a matter of fact,  the main purpose of this is to let the public know the situation in the first person. Usually, they are called the frontline of broadcast media.

These people research stories and form breaking news that is compelling to the audience. They do so through various means. These include means such as radio, television, printed newspapers, magazines and many more. These journalists analyze interesting information on fields of crime, government, and breaking news. And afterwards release it to the public through newspapers, television, radio and the Internet.

They collect information, write reports, conduct interviews,  and process procedures. Journalists usually cover specific topics that deserve recognition by the audience. The report could be independent or can work with teams of other reporters. Usually, the editors or producers guide the reporters to cover specific information.

Again, there is no specified education qualification to become a reporter. However, the reporters who have degrees in journalism and mass media are usually preferred over those who don’t. Besides that, the reporters get to travel to a lot of places. Hence if you are interested in investigating and researching events in the first person, this could be the job role for you.

But, it is worth mentioning that this career option is sometimes stressful. However, it depends upon the firm that the person is working with.

Here is the Average Salary for:-

Beginners: Rs.1 LPA to 2 LPA

Mid-Experienced: Rs.3 LPA to 5 LPA

Highly Experienced: Rs. 5 LPA to 10 LPA

Frequently Asked Questions About Journalism in India

Q1. What are the 4 types of journalism?

Ans. It is important to note that there is no specific classification of different types of journalism. Journalism is a diverse field, and there are many branches and sub-branches as well. Hence there is no definite list of different types of journalism.

Thus, we are going to cover the TOP 4 TYPES of Journalism, based on different factors such as salary, exposure, prosperity and work culture.

So here they are.

The top 4 journalism types are –

  • Investigative Journalism – A type of journalism that is mainly concerned with research and investigation of facts. They cover news that needs recognition. In this, journalism investigates topics that are either hidden from the common public or don’t want to be covered.
  • Broadcast Journalism – It is a leading journalism job role in the digital age of communication. In more detail, Broadcast journalism is a field concerned with news and magazines are distributed electronically. This forms a substitute for older methods such as printed newspapers and posters.
  • Sports Journalism – This field of journalism falls on the entertainment side of media. As a matter of fact, Sports journalism deals with the coverage of sporting events. Further, they report the news using modern mediums of news media. This includes television, on digital platforms or in newspapers as well too.
  • Print Journalism – Print journalism is a journalism job role that is concerned with the practice of reporting news in physical means. Some of them include newspapers, magazines, and editorial.

Q2. Is journalism a good career?

Ans. The question of whether a particular job career is good or not is always subjective. If the person loves to study media or is inspired to report on various aspects of our daily life, then journalism is an ideal career.

A journalism career demands skills that come under both the creative and academic spectrum. Skills like speaking, communication and writing skills are the main skills that the candidates must have. Further, they must also have a great knowledge of basic journalism and mass media.

But, evidently, what is superior is your will to investigate the truth and bring in a positive change in the audience. Thus, if this is something that inspires you, this is the career for you.

With the increasing number of news channels in the present, the number of viewers has also increased enormously. Thus, a journalism profession is a profession with huge exposure. Today, journalism is a prestigious and exciting career for many students in India.

Journalism is a challenging field as it plays a key important role in the development of the nation. Besides that, a journalism career also allows you to meet new people and travel to many places.

Q3. What are the 7 types of journalism?

As mentioned in the previous FAQ, there is no such definite answer to the question. The reason being is that journalism is a diverse field and the opportunities that it offers is endless. Thus, instead of covering THE 7 types of journalism, we would cover the TOP 7 types of journalism.

The following are the top 7 types of journalism job : –

  • Investigative Journalism – A type of journalism that is mainly concerned with research and investigation of facts and news that needs recognition. In this, journalism investigates topics that are either hidden from the common public or don’t want to be covered.
  • Broadcast Journalism – It is a leading journalism job role in the digital age of communication. In more detail, Broadcast journalism is a field of journalism in which news and magazines are distributed electronically. This forms a substitute for older methods such as printed newspapers and posters.
  • Sports Journalism – This field of journalism falls on the entertainment side of media. As a matter of fact, Sports journalism deals with the coverage of sporting events and other activities through various modern mediums of news media. This includes television, on digital platforms or in newspapers as well too.
  • Print Journalism – Print journalism is a journalism job role that is concerned with the practice of reporting news in various physical means. Some of them include newspapers, magazines, and newspapers.
  • Photojournalist – Photojournalism falls on the visual media. Photojournalism is the type of journalism that involves processing storytelling with the medium of photography as the primary tool for storytelling.
  • Copywriting Journalism – This type of journalism is quite popular in the recent digital age. It uses the power of digital media and advertisement to create compelling writing with a motive to endorse something. Copywriters often work on advertising and marketing campaigns for a wide variety of businesses and organizations.
  • Editor – Editor forms the main backbone of any news publication. These are the people who arrange and present the news and facts in a compelling way to the public. Editors are responsible for checking facts, views, grammatic correct, and the overall article that is to be presented.

Q.4 What subjects do I need to become a journalist?

As mentioned in the post, there is no particular stream that the candidate needs to pass in order to pursue a journalism course or a journalism career. Though however, it is always a great suggestion that the candidate takes up the arts stream as it brings more clarity to the journalism course structure.

However, though there is no specific stream in academics, there is still some requirement on the creative and verbal side. Many institutions have criteria that require candidates to have good communication, reading, and English skills. They need to be able to write down their opinions, views, and thoughts to create compelling work.

A degree in either of the following will do:-

  • BA in Journalism
  • Bachelor in Journalism and Mass Communication
  • Bachelor in Mass media

Those who want to further hone their skills can even take up courses at masters level, or PhD level. Though a bachelors degree is enough for prosperous jobs.

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List of Universities offering Journalism
List of Universities