Horticulture: Meaning, Types, Scope, Courses, Jobs & More (2021)

Mainly The Indian horticultural sector contributes around 33% to the  (GVA) of agriculture, which makes a very significant contribution to the Indian economy through horticulture. In addition to ensuring the country’s food security horticulture plays a vital role, hence it provides alternative opportunities for rural employment, diversification of agricultural activities and improved incomes for India. Moreover the horticulture courses currently producing around 320.48 million tons of horticultural products, which has exceeded a much smaller area (25.66 million hectares for grain production) horticulture compared to 127.6 million hectares for food crops). 

Similarly this is Much higher compared to the productivity of food crops (12.49 tons / ha versus 2.23 tons / ha) in horticultural world. India is a world leader in the production of a wide variety of fruits such as mango, banana, guava, papaya, Zapata, pomegranate, lime and is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables. Additionally, India has maintained its dominance in the production of spices, coconut, and cashew nuts. Among the new crops, kiwi, cucumber, date palm and oil palm have been successfully introduced for commercial cultivation in the country. 

Meanwhile The production and productivity of horticultural crops stimulated The productivity of horticultural crops increased by approx. The issue of climate change has created greater uncertainty and risk has placed even more restrictions on production systems. 

This is to say to increase Interest in the mind of youngsters, there have been Universities introducing the course in various fields vividly. As a result, Let’s have a look in those courses and scopes of these courses. 

Table of Contents



Types of horticulture courses 

Most importantly, horticulture can be divided into 2 areas: fruit planting, and ornamental gardening. Pomology is the cultivation, harvesting, storage, processing and sale of fruits and nut plants. Fruit cultivation includes planting, harvesting, storing, processing and selling vegetables and are also parts of horticulture courses in our Country. 

Above all, Horticulture is divided into five main branches: horticulture, viticulture, horticulture, technology industry and landscape architecture. Subjects of horticulture courses include  environmental, plant biotechnology, and horticultural biology, urban ecology,  fruit development, identification of wild plants, and more. 

In conclusion, there are different types of gardening techniques in horticulture . Let’s discuss here some important branches of horticulture. 




  • Firstly, Trees, shrubs, vines, cultivated and managed in horticulture. 
  • Secondly, Horticulture is the study of how plants grow and adapt to their environment and cultural practices. 
  • Thirdly, Picking, planting, preparing, fertilizing, pest and disease control, pruning, shaping and handling are all examples of planting techniques in horticulture. 
  • And then, Horticulture is primarily FOR people who grow trees for timber and permanent individual trees for landscaping and amenity purposes, usually in gardens, parks or other residential areas, for pleasure, safety and interests of the people. 


Lawn Management 


  • Lawn management is the work concerned with the cultivation and maintenance of grass for sport, and recreation, apart from horticulture. 




  • Floriculture is a type of horticulture that involves nurturing flowers and using them as a raw material in the pharmaceutical sector to make perfumes and cosmetics. Vegetable gardening is a crucial aspect of gardening. It is really difficult to get in India. 

“Floriculture professionals are in high demand in India across a wide range of sectors.” 

  • As well as Floriculture professionals spend most of their time growing new varieties . 
  • Bedspreads, houseplants, flowerbeds and potted plants, grown greens and cut flowers are all examples of flowering plants. 
  • Flowering plants, unlike nursery plants, are generally herbaceous plants. 

Landscape horticulture 

  • Most importantly, The design of outdoor places, landmarks, and structures to fulfill environmental, social, and behavioral, goals is known as landscape horticulture. 
  • And then, It entails the systematic design and general engineering of various structures for construction and human use, as well as the investigation of current social, ecological, and soil conditions and processes in the lands, as well as the development of other actions that will achieve the desired result. 

Growing Olives 

  • Firstly, Growing olives is a branch of horticulture in the market that deals with the growing of plants for human consumption. 
  • Olive cultivation is the science of growing, storing, refining, and selling vegetables. It covers all aspects of the growing process, including seed selection, seed bed preparation, seeding and transplanting. 
  • And lastly, this also includes organic horticulture and organic farming, sustainable agriculture and horticulture, hydroponics and biotechnology, as well as industrial and non-traditional crop production, such as horticulture, and organic farming, sustainable agriculture and horticulture, hydroponics and biotechnology. 


  • Fruit and its cultivation are studied in botany, and Pomology is a branch of botany. 
  • Studies on the growth, improvement, cultivation, and physiology of fruit trees are the main subjects of fruit tree research. 
  • The improvement of fruit trees aims to increase fruit quality while controlling the harvest period and reducing production costs. 




  • Viticulture is a branch of horticultural science that deals with the growing and harvesting of grapes. 
  • Pest monitoring and management, fertilization, irrigation, canopy management, fruit yield and characteristics, timing of harvest and vine pruning during the winter months are part of the viticulture. 


  • Oenology is a branch of horticultural science where we study wine and winemaking. 

Postharvest Physiology 

  • Postharvest physiology is the scientific study of the physiology of living plant tissues after harvest in order to preserve plant quality and prevent their deterioration. 
  • It has direct applications in postharvest handling, such as determining optimal storage and transport conditions to maximize shelf life. 


Certainly, the face and business of horticulture is growing day by day. Similarly, Floriculture is a type of horticulture that involves nurturing flowers and using them as a raw material in the pharmaceutical sector to make perfumes and cosmetics. Hence, Vegetable gardening is a crucial aspect of gardening. Lastly,  It is really difficult to get by in India. 



Most importantly, Various courses of study are offered in the field of horticulture. Entry into horticulture is possible after completing an intermediate / 12th, 

And then for Degree; the same qualification as above is a prerequisite to get a degree in agriculture. 

After that For a master’s degree in horticulture, you must have a bachelor’s degree and, for doctoral studies, a PG or master’s degree in a related field is a must. 

Lastly, The various universities conduct their own entrance exams for admission to doctoral studies. 



However, there are many opportunities and career paths in horticulture. Also, there are several options for horticulture graduates. As well as there are lucrative jobs in the public and private sectors. Certainly, anyone can apply for the position of Agriculture Commissioner through the State Public Service Review Board. In addition, you can also apply for the position of Technical Assistant / Head of Technical Department in ICAR, DRDO, IARI Agricultural Universities. 

Likewise, You can also work as a designer or contractor for landscaping projects, or work in companies that deal with seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and other fields related to horticulture. A horticulture professional can also choose his or her profession in education as a teacher. PhD holders can register for the exam with the Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Council, ICAR, New Delhi. Most importantly, this exam is held for the position of scientist. 

Job Profile: Project Manager horticultural, and then Foreman horticultural and lastly Teacher Assistant Human Resources Manager Teacher. 


What is Horticulture?

Horticulture, a branch of vegetable growing that works garden crops, generally fruits, vegetables and ornamental. Likewise,The word comes from the Latin Horus, “garden” and colere, “till”. As a general term, it encompasses all types of gardening, but in common usage it refers to intensive commercial production. In conclusion, horticulture is somewhere between home gardening and arable farming, although all types of crops are naturally closely linked. 

Similarly, horticulture is divided firstly,  into the cultivation of food crops (pomology and vegetable cultivation) and then ornamental plants (flower and landscape gardening),  thirdly, pomology deals with the cultivation of fruits and nuts. And then Carrots (edible root), after that asparagus (edible stem), consecutively, lettuce (edible leaf), and then cauliflower (edible flower buds), lastly tomatoes (edible fruits) and then  peas (edible seeds). 

Floriculture deals with the assembly of flowers and ornamental plants; generally cut flowers, potted plants, and foliage plants. Landscaping could be a broad category that includes plants for the landscape, including lawns, but particularly nursery crops such as shrubs, trees, and vines. 

The horticulturalist’s specialization, as well as the success of the cultivation, is influenced by many factors, including climate, terrain and other regional variations.
Horticultural temperate zones cannot be precisely defined by latitude or longitude, but are generally considered to be areas where winter frost occurs. Some parts of the United States, such as southern Florida, are considered sub-tropical. some parts of the north coast of the Mediterranean and also the islands of the Mediterranean are subtropical. in the hemisphere, practically all of the latter in Zealand, some parts of Australia and thus the southern part of South America have temperate climates. 

For horticultural purposes 

The lower slopes of the great mountain ranges are counted for the harvesting purpose, such as the Himalayas. Therefore, the temperate zones are very wide and the variety of plants grown in them is also great, probably greater than in subtropical or tropical zones. Within the temperate zones there are pleasant coniferous and deciduous forests: pines, firs, firs, most cypresses, deciduous oaks (but excluding many of the evergreens), ash, birch and linden. 

Propagation, the controlled perpetuation of plants, is the most elementary horticultural practice. It has two goals: to increase the number and to maintain the essential properties of the plant. Reproduction occurs sexually through seeds or asexually through vegetative plant structures (tubers and bulbs) or through techniques such as cutting, layering, grafting and tissue culture. 

History of Horticulture

The separation of horticulture from agriculture as a wonderful activity is generally dated from the Middle Ages in Europe. 

Horticulture may be divided into 3 primary sectors: fruit growing (pomology); marketplace gardening (veggies and herbs) and decorative cultivation (flowers, shrubs, trees). 

Long after Mughal Emperors practised horticulture in the country, Rev William Carey, an English Baptist Missionary, based the Agri-Horticultural Society in India in 1820 for the advertising and improvement of agriculture in the country. With the inspiration of the society,  extensive sort of veggies and culmination had been added in the marketplace to which the Indian society changed into absolutely unaware. Before the formation of the society, those veggies had been rarely feasible to be procured. 


Consequently, the a set of verities of veggies, culmination, and herbs have become rarely difficult to procure in the marketplace. 


Above all, In 1820, Carey posted an essay supplying motives for the established order of an Agricultural Society in India. Carey’s essay on assisting the formation of an agricultural and horticultural society in India states the subsequent grounds Carey anticipated for the society: 




  • Firstly, Encouraging the higher mode of cultivation for the development of the land. 
  • Secondly, Evolving and the use of the high-quality strategies of crop rotation and land-cropping. 
  • Thirdly, Introduction of beneficial and new forms of flora. 
  • After that, Improvement in the implementation of husbandry practices. 
  • Further, Improvement in animal husbandry. 
  • In Inclusion of wastelands right into a nation of cultivation. 


Lastly, Over the years, India has emerged as a prime manufacturer of horticultural plants and the proportion of horticulture in the financial system has been increasing, there may be nevertheless a variety of scope in harnessing the ability . Prices of agricultural commodities differ according with their deliver and demand scenario which, in turn, is characterised through the seasonality of manufacturing and marketing. Horticulture commodities are produced seasonally and are biodegradable. 


Types of Horticulture Courses 


Diploma and Certification: There are primary diplomas and certifications available for Horticulture. Depending at the duration, the certification mainly covers the primary information approximately the difficulty. Essentially, if a student has in no way acquired any formal schooling concerning the subject, Certification in the direction of horticulture is a great way start off their career. It builds a concrete basis and clarifies their doubts. In case a student does now no longer want to pursue a profession on this subject of horticulture guides, the extra information will now no longer move waste, nor may have one wasted useless resources. It is an amazing way to get added to the world of Horticulture. 


Bachelor’s Degree: 


There is a bachelor’s diploma a must have in each Bachelor of Technology(BTech) and Bachelor of Science(BSc). Sometimes, the Bachelor of Agriculture is likewise a separate difficulty. It relies upon at the nation and location you’re opting for. B.Sc in Horticulture is the dominant information which lasts for 3 years. A pupil need to pick out a bachelor’s diploma in the event that they need to embark on the adventure of a expert horticulturist. They  advantage in-intensity information approximately the difficulty and might excel in it thru this program. It prepares them for primary professionalism that the sector demands. 


Master’s Degree: 

A Master’s diploma is critical for all of us who needs to attain a great platform withinside the subject. It is in which someone in reality becomes  well-versed with the methods of the flow and deemed worth of moving into embellished professionalism. Most of the medical stages require masters for correct acknowledgment in the career. Horticulture is no exception. For a well-set up profession and important qualifications as a horticulturist, a master’s in horticulture is pivotal. It additionally gives a whole lot of topics to pick out for specialization. A master’s pupil can best focus on one platform, however there may be an exception of secondary information supplied through many prestigious universities across the globe. The Master’s direction is  years long. 


Ph.D. in Horticulture: 

To come to be a systematic professional par excellence, Ph.D. is critical in Horticulture. It is the best stage of qualification to be had withinside the difficulty. It prepares a pupil very well and provides an professional through the give up of the program. These people apprehend the character and the way it functions. Ph.D. generally lasts from round 3 to 6 years, and the common is 4 years on the least. In the given time frame, they get roles like assistants or agriculture officials assigned to them. Hence, a student can earn even as they pursue their doctorate in Horticulture. 


Scope of Horticulture Courses in India 


A student of Horticulture possesses information about the technology of Nature. Thus, they are able to offer their information in a whole lot of fields concerning nature. Agriculture, Cultivation, Conservation, Fertilization, and plenty others. Anything which concerns flora and their physiology is a subject in which a Horticulture expert can flourish. However, in the subject of Government and Job Sector, there are a few which stand out. A horticulturist is a scientist who specializes in the quarter of nature, specially flora, trees, and different such factors. 

In Government Sector: Forest, Agriculture and Fertilizer departments set up through the authorities are a number of the fields a Horticulture expert can follow for in the segment of guides of horticulture. The coaching career is commonly very popular also. 


Hence,  It is feasible to become a part of a huge assignment that’s associated with plants. Recent medical research additionally promise capacity in the clinical subject to apply flora and their capabilities. Hence, Government-owned studies and improvement centers also can use proficient horticulturists. 


In the Private Sector: 

In non-public activity sectors, there are numerous agricultural industries, fertilizer producers, or nurseries that nourish uncommon flora. There are non-public natural medication organizations amongst different landscape additionally seen in the subject of courses in horticulture. A horticulturist also can flourish as a landscapes and indoors designer, and terra-farmers who might reconstruct the location and make it habitable. 


In the Personal Sector: One can effortlessly set up and run their organization primarily based totally on their subject of expertise. It may be in any manner, and in view that they’ve a good set of knowledge on the same. If they lack investments, one also can open a personal enterprise like  plants and flowers shop. As easy as that sounds, it is able to be alternatively fruitful to residence uncommon or particularly expensive flowers and take desirable care of them. Hybridization and different competencies are available for such folks that choose guides in Horticulture. 

Further Specialization: To be known as an identified scientist, Ph.D. is vital. A man or woman can choose a better degree of schooling to pursue the medical subject with a good core of marks. There is a completely wealthy profession prospect for everybody who completes the better quit of the schooling. From coaching to investigate and development, there are a hundreds of possibilities. 

Roles and Salaries Offered 

This is to mention Students may have bright future who desires to peruse their profession in the guides of horticulture in step. 


Horticulturist after B.Sc: 2.five Lakhs per annum 

Horticulturist after M.Sc: four to 7 lakhs per annum 

Plantation Manager: 7 to 7.five lakhs per annum 

Horticulture Specialist: 6 lakhs per annum 

Technical Manager: 2 to 2.five lakhs per annum 

Floriculturist: 3 to 6 per annum 

Pomologist: four to six per annum 

Soil Scientist: four to 6 per annum 

Seed Analyst: 3 to six per annum 

Eligibility Criteria for Horticulture courses in India 


Most importantly, the college students who pass out from 12th with technological science as their primary subject can pursue this programme of horticulture courses. And this direction is likewise to be in the call of distance schooling horticulture guides in India. After that, they ought to seem for a few assessments to make sure an area in esteemed schools of India. A three-year bachelor’s application makes it smooth for the scholars to comprehend all of the vital factors that are required for a vibrant future on this field. Biology, Agriculture or Botany is a compulsory subject in 12th standard to pursue Bachelors in Horticulture. 

Overall, a scholar can supply different courses like Horticulture CET, NEET, and if the scholar achieves the minimal cut-off score, He/ She receives a notice to examine of their preferred universities. Students also can examine similarly for a year post-graduate application referred to as Masters in Horticulture. A student aims to secure minimum 50% marks in bachelor’s to take admission to the master’s application. 

Summarized Criteria – 

  • Nationality: Candidate ought to be a citizen of India 
  • Minimum Age: Candidate ought to turn 17 years earlier than or on thirty first December of the yr of admission 
  • Maximum Age Limit: For applicants who desires to pursue their profession in horticulture direction ought to be belonging to General or Backward Class (BC), most permissible age to seem for HORTICET 2021 is 22 years. For applicants belonging to Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) categories, most age restrict has been comfortable to twenty-five years as in step with authorities norms. Furthermore, for physically handicapped applicants, maximum age restrict has been until they turn 27 years as consistent with government norms 
  • Educational Qualifications: Candidates ought to have always completed Diploma in Horticulture direction from Dr. YSRHU. Also, applicants who can be finishing their Diploma in academic yr 2016-17, are eligible to use for HORTICET 2021. However, candidate will need to submit his/her Final Marks-cum-Pass Certificate of Diploma in Horticulture during counselling process. 

Horticulture courses Entrance Exams 

Common Entrance Test in Horticulture 

The Horticulture Common Entrance Test is a state exam administered by the Dr.Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Venkataramannagudem. HORTIICET 2021 is a recognized preliminary agricultural examination for applicants who are admitted to the B.Sc. (Hons.) Horticulture, a four-year UG degree, at Dr.YSRHU. Candidates are also encouraged to verify eligibility for HORTIICET 2021 when applying for the advisory process. 

The entrance exam for the admission into the courses of horticulture i.e HORTIICET 2021 will take place on November 10, 2021 (provisional). 

The exam template 

HORTIICET 2021 consists of 200 objective questions.
Candidates receives 1 point for each correct answer, with no negative evaluation in the entrance exam  of horticulture.
Moreover diploma holders receive 15% of the study places (47 places) in the B.Sc. (Hons.) Horticulture.
The above seats are divided into two sections according to the rules of the Andhra Pradesh government: local candidates receive 85% of the seats while 15% of the seats are treated as an unreserved quota. 



Conducting Body- Dr.Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Venkataramannagudem 

Mode of Exam- Offline Mode 

Medium of Exam – Telugu Language 

Duration of Exam- 120 minutes (2 hours) 

Type and Number of Questions- Objective types questions, 200 MCQs 

Courses Offered- B.Sc. (Hons.) Horticulture 

Number of Seats -47 

HORTICET 2021 Admission 

Before submitting the HORTIICET 2021 application form for the entrance exam to the courses of horticulture, candidates should carefully read and understand the eligibility criteria for attending the HORTIICET 2021. The admission criteria for the exam are set by Dr. SYRHU formulates. 


Nationality: Candidate must be an Indian citizen
Minimum age: Candidate must be 17 years old before or on December 31 of the year of admission
Maximum age: Most importantly,  Maximum age for General or Other Backward (OBC) candidates May be presented in 2021 is 22 years. For candidates in the Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) categories, the maximum age limit has been relaxed to 25 years due to government regulations. In addition, the age limit for candidates aiming for horticulture courses with physical disabilities under Government regulation has been relaxed to 27 years. 

Educational Qualifications: However, Candidates must have completed the DYSRHU Diploma in Horticulture. Year 2016-17, then only, you are eligible to apply for HORTIICET 2021. However, the candidate must present his / her diploma in horticulture during the consultation process. 

HORTICET 2021 Application Form 

Moreover, Dr.YSRHU will issue a notification for filing the application form for the publications of horticulture.  And then, applicants need to only submit the application form in offline mode. However, applicants aspiring for profession in horticulture need to take a difficult copy of the application form with them after downloading. Hence, applying the form need to be very cautious and filled in correctly. Laslty, Once submitted, applicants can’t make any changes to the application form of the horticulture entrance exams. 

Here are the steps to submit the application form: 

  • Firstly Go to YSRHU official website. 
  • Secondly Click on the “More Ads” tab in the right pane of the website sub Advertisements, 
  • And then look for “HORTICET 2021 – NOTIFICATION” and click on 
  • After that The HORTIICET 2021 notification is being downloaded in PDF on your system Open the downloaded PDF file 
  • Further After the first notification containing important details about the HORTIICET 2021, the candidate will find the registration form for the exam in the same file 
  • Hence The candidate must make a hard copy of the application form found below the application form the applicant . 
  • Lastly The list of documents that must be attached to the completed application form before sending it to the driving authority 

The candidate must also make two paper copies of the tickets on the next page. The
candidate must carefully and correctly fill in all of the information on the application form and admission tickets. 

The university can reject the application form as follows: 

Firstly If the application form is incomplete
Secondly If the application form does not include a corresponding draft application
Thirdly If the candidate does not meet the admission criteria
And lastly If the application form is after the due date 

Application fee 

Most importantly, the application fee is payable by all applicants at the time of Completion of the application form to be paid applying for the entrance exam of horticulture courses. Further, the fee is paid by postal order, which is paid at any nationalized bank. The name must be addressed in the name of ‘Dr. YSR HORTICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ‘. There is no other way to pay fees.  Lastly, Cash or online payments are not accepted. 

The following is the amount of cash transfer that must be made by candidates of different categories.
HORTICET 2021 Examination Regulations
Moreover, HORTICET 2021 takes place from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. in the above-mentioned center. And then, Candidates only need to answer objective questions. Subsequently, the test is only performed in offline mode. Candidates must answer 200 Telugu language FAQs within 2 hours. The candidate receives 1 point for each correct answer. There is no negative score for incorrect or no questions. Answer: Each candidate can achieve a maximum of 200 points in the HORTIICET 2021. 

Exam Pattern Highlights 

Offline Exam Mode
Number of Questions 200 PEM
Maximum Score 200
Exam Duration 2 hours 


Top Horticulture Courses for Bachelors in India 

Sc Horticulture Hons <H4> 

The Bachelor of Science in Horticulture, also known as BSc Horticulture, is a 3 to 4 year bachelor’s degree that deals with the science of breeding (both conventional and hybrid) of vegetables, grains, fruits, orchids and other plants deals. with topics such as product marketing, farm management, pest control and many other related topics in detail. 

Candidates must complete 10 + 2 in natural science education with biology as a compulsory subject in order to qualify for the horticultural science bachelor’s degree. The minimum percentage required varies from university to university, but candidates must achieve more than 50% of the total grades on the 12th grade class boards to be admitted to this course. 

Admission to the BSc in Horticulture depends on performance and income. Some universities grant admission through entrance exams at state or university level. There is no national entrance examination for this course. Most importantly the other universities accept students based on the grades from the 10 + 2 exam. 


There are many universities specializing in agriculture and horticulture, which mainly offer the BSc Horticultural Science course. Many universities of applied sciences and other universities also offer this course. 

10 + 2 Eligibility in Science Stream with PCB / PCMB
Admission process based on performance and income
Examination type semester
Average annual fee INR 15,000 to 50,000
Average salary INR 3,000 to 4,000,000
Work plant breeder, marketing manager, gardener, agricultural researcher , among other things.
working areas agrochemicals, agricultural research laboratories, orchids, etc. 

Admission Process 


Admission to the BSc horticulture course is based on performance or admission. The two processes are discussed in detail below. 

Performance-based admission 

The general steps for performance-based admission to the Bachelor’s degree in Horticultural Sciences are explained below. 

Step 1: Firstly, Application:  Firstly In order to apply to the university for horticulture courses via the university’s official website, students must fill out the application form. The application forms are usually published between April and May for the entrance exam of horticulture.
Step 2: And then Creation of the merit list: On the basis of the grades of the class 12 examination before a committee, a merit list of the shortlisted candidates is drawn up aspiring for horticulture courses. Applicants must provide the relevant documents to prove their eligibility.
Step 4: Lastly, Enrollment: Admission to the course is granted to candidates deemed suitable. 

Admission on Entrance Test 


Above all, Many top universities such as GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya etc. grant admission to the BSc Horticulture Science Course based on the results of the entrance exam. The step-by-step  process is explained below. 

1: Application: Firstly, Applicants must apply for both the university and the entrance examination.
2: Entrance Exam:  Secondly, The exam is taken online or offline, although most exams are taken online. Admission cards are usually issued 10-20 days before the exam.
3: Results and Limits – And then, A list of limits is also published with the test results. Candidates who qualify for the cap will be nominated for the next round.
4: Document review: Further, The shortlisted candidates are called for the document review. Candidates must submit their assessment sheets and other documents to prove their eligibility.
5: Lastly, Enrollment: Admission to the course is granted to candidates deemed suitable.
Important documents to be presented during the document check are as a rule: 

Firstly 10th mark sheet and certificate of pass for Class XII
Secondly Admission card and Grade sheet for Class X
Thirdly Birth certificate
And then Migration certificate
Further Original photo ID
Lastly Passport photos 


Eligibility Criteria 

B.Sc Horticultural Science: Entry level criteria
Firstly Applicants wishing to study the BSc Horticultural Science must meet the following basic entry criteria. 

Most importantly, candidates must complete 10 + 2 in the sub-area natural sciences with biology as a compulsory subject.
Secondly, Candidates must have a score greater than 50% of the total score in grade 12; However, this can vary from one university to another.
And then applicants have to study English as a compulsory subject.
Further applicants must have good communication skills.
Lastly, applicants must be over 27 years old. The maximum age limit varies from school to school and is between 21 and 24 years. 


Bachelor of Science in Horticulture: Entrance Exams 

There are few state and college entrance exams that are taken for admission to the Bachelor of Science in Horticulture. Hence, Some of these tests are discussed in detail below. 

HORTICET:  Firstly, This is to say the HORTICET exam is administered by the YSR Horticultural University for admission to all horticultural courses offered by the university and its affiliated universities. The exam is mainly conducted in the Telugu language. The exam duration is 2 hours and consists of MCQ.
CG PAT:  Secondly, The Chhattisgarh Professional Examinations Board conducts the CGPAT for admission to Bachelor programs in Agriculture and Horticulture.It’s a 3-year exam and consists of MCQ questions on PCMB.
UPCATET: And then, Chandra Shekhar Azad Kanpur University of Agricultural Technology carries out UPCATET, which regulates admission to all agricultural and horticultural courses offered by almost all universities in Uttar Pradesh. 

Courses Covered 

Most importantly, The BSc Horticulture Science course covers topics related to plant improvement, plant nutrition, fertilizers, pesticides, and all other aspects that are necessary for growing good plants. 

Hence, the stream focuses mainly on useful plants, vegetables, fruits, cereals and medicinal plants.
Discusses individually different types of 9f plants such as fruit, vegetable, garden, plantation and many other types.
And then, the course covers important topics related to the improvement of plants for example- firstly growth and development of horticultural crops, secondly production of seeds from vegetable crops, thirdly tubers and spices, among others.
Consecutively,  the course also covers soil quality, the type of soil required for different types of plants, and how to grow different crops in different conditions.
Lastly, this course prepares students to reproduce, grow, develop, and do business of any type of crop.
In addition, the course also teaches agricultural product marketing, orchid and farm management, and many other key management topics that will help students run and run any farm successfully. 


Semester I 

Semester II 

Firstly Elementary Statistics and Secondly Mathematics  Firstly Tropical and Secondly Subtropical Vegetables 
Further Fundamentals of Soil Science  Fundamentals of Plant Breeding 
And then Fundamentals of Economics and Secondly Marketing  Firstly Soil Fertility and Secondly Nutrient Management 
Further Plant Propagation and Secondly  Nursery Management  Fundamentals of Entomology 
 Firstly Introductory Crop Physiology  On the other hand Fundamentals of Extension Education 
Consequently Fundamentals of Horticulture  And then Fundamentals of Plant Biochemistry 
And then Principles of Landscape Architecture  Firstly Orchard and then  Estate Management 
Firstly Principles of Genetics and then Cytogenetics  And then Growth and  Development of Horticultural Crops 
Similarly Communication Skills and then Personality Development  Introductory Microbiology 
Lastly Human Values and then Ethics  Dryland Horticulture 


Semester III 

Semester IV 

Firstly Fundamentals of Plant Pathology  Firstly Soil, 

Secondly Water and Thirdly Plant Analysis 

Secondly Spices and then Condiments  Similarly Weed Management of Horticultural Crops 
Thirdly Organic Farming  Firstly Tropical and  Secondly Subtropical Fruits 
And then Nematode Pests of Horticultural Crops and their Management  Most importantly, ornamental Horticulture 
Further Principles of Plant Biotechnology  Plantation Crops 
And then temperate Fruit Crops  Firstly, farm machinery and then  Power 
Further commercial Floriculture  Firstly Diseases of Fruit, Secondly Plantation, Thirdly  Medicinal and then Aromatic Crops 
And then Environmental Studies and Disaster Management  Firstly Insect Pests of Fruit, Secondly Plantation, Thirdly  Medicinal &  And then Aromatic Crops 
Laslty, agri- Informatics and Computer Application  Firstly Introductory Agro-meteorology & And then  Climate Change 
Semester V  Semester VI 
Firstly Temperate Vegetable Crops  Firstly Insect Pests of Vegetable, Secondly Ornamental and then  Spice Crops 
Secondly Introduction to Major Field Crops  Further Apiculture, Secondly Sericulture and then Lac culture 
Thirdly Medicinal and Aromatic crops  Firstly Precision Farming and then Protected Cultivation 
And then Seed Production of Vegetable, Tuber and Spice Crops  Further Introductory Agroforestry 
Further Breeding of Vegetable, And then Tuber and Spice Crops  Firstly Breeding and Seed Production of Flower and then Ornamental Plants 
Also Diseases of Vegetables, And then Ornamentals and Spice Crops  And then Water Management in Horticultural Crops 
Similarly Postharvest Management of Horticultural Crops  After that Horti-Business Management 
And then Entrepreneurship Development and Business Management  And then Potato and Tuber Crops 
Lastly Processing of Horticultural Crops  Further Breeding of Fruit and Plantation Crops 
Semester VII  Semester VIII 
Student Project  Student Project 

Career Options 

However, the BSc Agriculture candidates can work in government organisations, research labs, plantations, and even schools. Hence, The following job profiles and Salary lists are available for BSc Horticulture Science candidates. 

Job Profiles  Job Description  Average Annual Salary 
Plant Breeder  Firstly Plant Breeders breed, take care and grow various types of plants, mainly crop plants, vegetables and fruits.  INR 3,50,000 
Product Marketing Manager  And then, Product Marketing Manager plans the marketing strategies for various Agro products.  INR 5,00,000 
Gardener  Further Gardeners look after the plants present in various orchids and gardens.  INR 2,80,000 
Agricultural Researcher  And then Agricultural researchers research over various agricultural technologies, irrigation techniques, fertilizers, pesticides, etc.  INR 4,50,000 
Teacher  After that Teacher teaches farming and biology topics to school students.  INR 3,00,000 
Farming Educators  Lastly Farming Educators workforce government organisations and NGOs and teach correct farming techniques to farmers.  INR 4,00,000 

Future Scope 

Upon completion of the BSc Horticultural Science, candidates will have the following future outreach options. 

Most importantly, candidates can take part in higher degree programs such as master’s programs such as MSc Horticulture, MSc Agriculture and other relevant courses. These will help them take part in higher research-based courses in the future.
However, Admission to Masters courses is usually based on entrance exams, but some universities also conduct entrance exams for admission to Masters courses.
Similarly, candidates can also take relevant management courses such as MBA Product Management, MBA Marketing Management, MBA Farm Management and others. Moreover, these courses will help them get better jobs in the future.
Most importantly, for admission to MBA courses, candidates must qualify in various MBA entrance exams such as CAT, MAT, CMAT and others.
Further, candidates can also prepare for various government service exams such as Railroad, UPSC, CTET, etc.
Lastly, candidates can also set up their own horticultural business and set up their own farm. 

List of Top Horticulture Colleges in India 

College Name  Affiliated University  Cut Off 
Firstly Shri Ram College of Commerce  Delhi University   




 University of Madras   
And then Punjab Agricultural University  UGC, ICAR.   


Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU)   





Average Fees for Horticulture courses: Rs 40,000/Year 

Top Horticulture Courses for Masters in India

  1. Masters in Horticulture (Example of a Course from the Specialization Accounting) 

Above all, MSc Horticulture is a two-yr graduate diploma that covers the look at of plant harvesting, similarly which include breeding, storage, vegetable and fruit shortages. 


However, this direction covers numerous regions of perennials, annuals, scrumptious fruits and vegetables, ornamental indoor and landscaping plants, and additionally covers deeper standards and strategies including inexperienced practices and food manufacturing. 


Most importantly, to observe for this program, college students have to have a Bachelor of Science diploma with an average grade of at the least 50%. 


To sum up, admission to the master’s diploma in horticulture is primarily based totally at the candidate’s overall performance in the bachelor’s exam or on the idea in their overall performance in the front examinations executed with the aid of using the admission authorities. 

However, the common price charged with the aid of using universities presenting this Masters Degree in Horticulture is among INR 5,000 and INR 80,000 per yr and might vary depending at the college chosen. 


Moreover, graduates of the horticultural master’s direction can paintings in personal companies, agricultural equipment and gadget manufacturers, fertilizer manufacturers, advertising companies, landscaping and indoors layout companies, personal universities, etc. Hence, after finishing this direction. a gardener, florist, meals processing manager, etc. 

Lastly, the common salary to be anticipated after finishing the Master’s diploma in Horticulture is among INR 3,000,000 and INR 7,000,000 consistent with other allowances. 

Achievement-Based Selection 

Selection procedure 

Registration: Candidates have to sign up for the doorway checks themselves. Application shape 

: Please cautiously fill out the software shape with all of the vital information. 

Document Submission – Firstly, Scan and add all required documents. For example Mark Sheet . And then, documents have to be uploaded in a particular format as showed in the  software portal. 

Application Fee: When filing the software shape, a minimal price have to be paid for the net software. Payment may be made the usage of any on line price method. 

Admission Ticket Download – Firstly, Admission tickets might be issued as soon as all candidates are eligible. And then, the admission card have to be downloaded and published out so that you can be capable of apply it to the day of the examination. 

Exam:  In addition, after everything,Prepare for the examination primarily based totally at the curriculum and former assignments. Lastly, come to the examination at the proposed date. 

Results: However, the outcomes might be introduced in line with the candidate’s overall performance in the front exam. 

What are the admission standards for a master’s diploma in horticulture? 

Moreover, the admission standards for candidates with an MSc in Horticulture aren’t complex and are as follows. It have to be cited that the admission standards range from institute to institute. 


Similarly, any applicant with a bachelor’s diploma in botany, agriculture, horticulture or an equal diploma from a identified institute can observe. 

Most importantly, the candidate have to have at the least 50% of the grades in his very last title. 

However, there aren’t any unique policies for applicants in the reserved category. 

What Are Popular Horticulture Masters Entrance Exams? 

Moreover, admission to the Master in Horticulture at maximum universities is primarily based totally at the outcomes of the doorway checks, the paperwork for the doorway checks are especially posted in December and January and the checks are held rapidly afterwards. This yr the dates had been postponed because of the COVID19 crisis. 


Some of the maximum famous MSc Horticulture Entrance Exams are indexed below: 


Above all, BHU PET Banaras Hindu University is jogging their Postgraduate Entrance Exam (PET) to get locations on MA, MCom, MSc, MFA courses, MPA, MEd, etc. to occupy. The examination is carried out in laptop mode in two hundred towns in India.Candidates who qualify for this front exam might be invited to a session and the location might be allotted primarily based totally on their exam overall performance. 


Similarly, the Delhi DUET University Entrance Exam (DUET) is carried out with the aid of using the University of Delhi to permit candidates to be admitted to numerous UG, PG, MPhil, and PhD programs. Hence, The DUET 2021 examination takes location in 3 shifts at one hundred and one examination facilities in 18 towns. However, It is executed with the aid of using the National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of the University of Delhi. 


Firstly, Master of Horticulture specializes in getting to know sustainable techniques of meals manufacturing which might be respectful of the environment. 

Secondly, As one of the popular yet unique courses, it’s consists a completely unique mixture of the technology and artwork of plant developing and cultivation. 

Hence, MSc Horticulture consists of medicinal plant life, decorative plant life, vegetables, algae and herbs, mushrooms, and non-meals plant life including grass. 

After that, This location of horticulture has its fundamental foundations withinside the maximum crucial technical regions ie genetics, physiology, ecology, biometrics, crop rotation etc. 

Lastly, Masters in horticulture have the possibility to paintings as managers, consultants, scientists and educators. 


Master of Science in Horticulture
Duration 2 years 

Type of exam on line / offline 

Firstly, Admission standards Bachelor’s diploma or equal diploma from a diagnosed college. 

Secondly, Admission manner Valid factors in ICAR AIEEA, CET, BHU PET / Based on earnings 

And then, Average annual costs INR 5,000 to 80,000 

Lastly, Average annual revenue INR 4,000,000 to 7,000,000 

Above all, Main regions of employment Mechanical and plant engineering Agriculture, fertilizer manufacturing companies, genebank, agricultural department, forestry department , Ornamental and medicinal plant shop. Hence,Clinical jobs in studies studios, meals processing plants, gardeners, florists, meals processing plants, etc. 

In conclusion, Admission to this route is normally primarily based totally on a candidate’s rating on an front examination. Some of the main Indian front checks run for this cause are BHU PET, DUET, etc. Lastly, Some universities additionally provide admission primarily based totally on overall performance. The individuals worried withinside the admission technique are indexed below. 


Merit-Based Selection 

Firstly, The Merit-Based Master’s Guide to Horticulture is indexed below: 


Secondly, Apply to faculties or universities that interests you. 

And then, Maintain a great rating on all license checks. 

Further, Universities put up their courtroom docket lists in due route. Check whether or not you’re admitted to the preferred route of study. 

Hence, If eligible, visit college and put up all required documents. 

Selection on the premise of admission 

Most importantly, the recommendations for making use of for admission on the premise of the admission take a look at are as follows. 

Registration: Certainly, candidates have to check in for the doorway checks themselves. Application shape 

: Please cautiously fill out the utility shape with all of the essential information. 

Send Documents – Firstly, Scan and down load any required documents, which include a letter. B. Then, Marking sheets, high school Documents need to handiest be uploaded in a selected layout precise via way of means of the institute’s utility portal. 

Application Fee: And then, when filing the utility shape, a minimal charge has to be paid for the net utility. Payment may be made the usage of any on line price method. 

Admission Ticket Download – Further, Admission tickets  issued as soon as all candidates are eligible. Hence, the admission card  downloaded and published out as a way to be capable of apply it to the day of the examination. 

Exam: After that, Prepare for the examination in line with the syllabus and former assignments. Come to the examination at the introduced date. 

Results: Similarly, The outcomes might be introduced in line with the candidate’s overall performance withinside the front exam. 

What are the admission standards for a master’s diploma in horticulture? 

Above all, the admission standards for candidates with an MSc in Horticulture aren’t complex and are as follows. It need to be cited that the admission standards vary from institute to institute. 

Further, any applicant with a bachelor’s diploma in botany, agriculture, horticulture or an equal diploma from a diagnosed institute can apply. 

Moreover, the candidate need to have as a minimum 50% of the qualifications of their diploma. 

Certainly, There aren’t any unique guidelines for applicants in the reserved category. 



Entrance Exams 

Above all, BHU PET Banaras Hindu University conducts its Graduate Entrance Test (PET) to fill locations in MA, MCom, MSc, MFA, MPA, MEd courses, etc. The examination performed in pc mode in 2 hundred towns in India. Hence, Candidates who qualify for this front examination could be invited for a session and locations could be allotted primarily based totally on their overall performance at the examination. 


Most importantly, the DUET The Delhi University Entrance Exam (DUET) is administered through the University of Delhi to permit candidates to be admitted to diverse UG, PG, MPhil and PhD programs. Certainly, the DUET 2021 examination takes area in 3 shifts at a hundred and one examination facilities in 18 towns. In conclusion,The front exam is done through the National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of the University of Delhi. 


Main regions of enterprise: Firstly, Manufacturing employer for agricultural machines and devices,Secondly fertilizer manufacturer, Thirdly Ministry of Agriculture, And then Forestry Department, Lastly enterprise with decorative and medicinal plants. 

List of Top MSc. In Horticulture (Hons.) Colleges in India 

College Name  Affiliated University  Cut Off/Merit Based 
Firstly BHU Varanasi    35% 

Minimum- 25% 

Secondly Integral University    N/A 
Thirdly, Vishwa Bharti University    62 

Mini- 54 

Shree Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary University, Gurgaon    N/A 




Ph.D. in Horticulture  


Moreover, PhD in Horticulture is a three yr Horticulture application that includes doctoral degree research in technology of cultivation of fruits, vegetables, crops, plant life etc. However, After the completion of this 3 yr application college students are provided a name of PHD. Hence, For applying under this course postgraduates ought to clear the course of Horticulture or maintain an M.Phil. Degree  taken into consideration eligible. Further,This course contains exams, tasks and studies thesis. However, the norms of the colleges and schools can also additionally vary as a few may also take an entrance test for the admission of PhD course accompanied through Direct Interview. Further,a Group discussion round, at the same time as others would possibly keep on the procedure of admission primarily based totally at the advantage of an individual and Post-Graduation or MPhil. Degree. 


Colleges/Universities offering Ph.D. in Horticulture 

College Name  Affiliated University  Cut Off 
DR. Y.S.R Horticultural University  Delhi University  M.Phil. + NET 
Punjab Agricultural University  UGC, ICAR.  90%-100% 
Indian Agricultural Research Institute  UGC, ICAR.  99%-100% 
Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University  UGC, ICAR.  90%-100% 
MaharanaPratap University of Agricultural and Technology – (MPUAT)   Rajasthan Agriculture University, Bikaner  80%-90% 
Birsa Agricultural University  ICAR  90%-99% 
University of Agricultural Sciences – (Dharwad)  UGC, ICAR.  90%-100% 

Average Fees for Ph.D. in Horticulture: Up to INR 25,000 to 3,00,000 (Depends on college) 

Admission Criteria for Ph.D. in Horticulture: Merit List(Post-graduation degree in Horticulture or an M.Phil. with aggregate marks of 50% and above. Entrance Examination.) 

Average Placements after Ph.D. in Horticulture:  Certainly, Approx. Up to INR 2 to 8 LPA 

What to do after Ph.D. in Horticulture? 


Certainly, With the new age technology subject for environment conservation has additionally increased, analyzing this discipline will allow the graduates in contributing to safeguarding our herbal habitats. 

  • Further, this path includes numerous modules on organic composition, designing, physiological, genealogy of flora and crops. 
  • Due to the vast nature of the syllabus the candidate can be ready with essential ability which may also allow him in creating a high-quality contribution to his work. 
  • Further, the enterprise which revolves round designing domestic interiors is likewise booming. They do want plant products for their decorations. Thus the call for of this career is most effective increasing. 

Above all, there are sufficient of possibilities and profession path in the horticulture discipline. Hence, Several alternatives are available for graduates of horticulture. 

Hence, Lucrative jobs are available in each public and personal sector. 

And then, you can apply for the District Horticulture Officer/ District Agriculture Officer through the exam carried out via way of means of State Public Service Commission. In conclusion, you could  follow for the post of Technical Assistant / Technical Officers in Agricultural Universities ICAR, DRDO, IARI, & CSIR. 

Hence,  they also can work as a  contractor for landscaping tasks or work in the groups managing seeds, fertilizers, sprays and different associated fields of horticulture. This is to say, a horticulturist also can pick out his/her profession in the education region as a professor. 

In conclusion, those conserving PhD diploma can follow for the exam carried out via way of means of the Agriculture Scientist Recruitment Board, ICAR, New Delhi. Lastly, this exam carried out for the post of the scientist. 

Horticulture Job Roles & Levels in India 

  • Horticulture Production Manager – Firstly, Work includes supervising the administrative workings, conducting a check of technical and organizational responsibilities, directing staff to carry on their work efficiently. 
  • Secondly Horticulture Inspector – Secondly,  Work for the state, local and federal government. Lastly, ensure and enforce policies to protect public health and safety, ensuring safe production of plants and agricultural products. 
  • Fruit & Vegetable Inspector – Thirdly, this Work includes inspecting the quality of plant produce, vegetables and fruits, thus ensuring good public health. 
  • Researcher – And then, Work includes planning, designing, analyzing, managing, formulating the report and carry on the thesis. 
  • Scientist – After that, Designing and undertaking experiments, analyzing information and formulating reports. 
  • Therapists – Further, Treat plant ailments, conduct experiments and formulate reports. 
  • District Horticulturist – Lastly, Supervise over the working of staff, conduct experiments and formulate reports, build thesis. 

Horticulture Jobs: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced 

  • Firstly Average Salary for Beginners: Rs.2 LPA to 4 LPA 
  • Secondly Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs.4 LPA to 6 LPA 
  • Thirdly Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs. 8 LPA to 10 LPA 

What is the qualification for horticulture? 

Above all, Candidates must complete a 10 + 2 in science stream with biology as a compulsory subject to qualify for the BSc Horticultural Science program. Hence, the minimum percentage required varies from university to university. Further, candidates must achieve more than 50% overall grade in Class 12 sessions to  admitted to this course. 


How long does it take to become a horticulturist? 

Most certainly, a bachelor’s degree required to gain an entry-level position as a gardener. Similarly, this can be in horticulture, botany, soil science, or any other related field. Hence, These programs last four years and include courses in botany, chemistry, and soil science. 

Is horticulture a good career? 

Above all, horticulture is the mainstream of agriculture; It is an applied science that deals with firstly ornamental fruits, secondly vegetables and thirdly flowers; It’s an extremely diverse field with almost unlimited career opportunities in a wide range. Hence, a good job in horticulture requires a degree in this discipline. 

Is horticulture a science degree? 

Most certainly, Horticulture is the study of the commercial aspects of plant production, including fruits, vegetables, and other types of vegetation. Students on this program take courses in scientific disciplines such as biochemistry, microbiology, and plant physiology. 

What is the degree for horticulture? 

This is to say, the Bachelor of Science in Horticulture, also known as the BSc Horticulture, is a 3-4 year Bachelor degree that deals with the science of breeding (both conventional and hybrid) of vegetables, grains, fruits, orchids and other plants . 

Is horticulture is a professional course? 

Above all, Horticulture is the art or practice of growing plants for purposes of food, beauty, comfort and to source materials. Hence, Those who wish to become professional horticulturists must pursue a B.Sc. Horticulture course. Further, The course teaches everything about a plant, from a seed to a fully grown plant and its care. 

What can you do with a masters in horticulture? 

Above all, Graduates find job opportunities in areas such as: landscaping, planning flower events, plant development, and plant genetics. Hence, They usually follow professions such as: horticultural engineer, gardener, horticulturist, consultant, Researcher, or teacher. 



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List of Universities offering Horticulture
List of Universities