Geology: Meaning, Types, Scope, Courses, Jobs & More (2021) : 

Geology is a part of science where many features of geology admired, surprises and on top of it without geology, we can’t see many features of the earth. Moreover, Geology is the definition of the study of earth, the materials of earth made up of and the structure of it, and the process acting upon them. 

Moreover, it also includes the study of organisms that have inhabited our planet. Adding, Geology has Earth’s materials, structures, processes, and how organisms changed over time. 

It also has great opportunities and careers which includes awarding and rewarding career growth and jobs. Many aspirants apply for geology as a carrier because many improvements are showing from past years. Candidates who want to become geologists should know about it very keen. 

Table of Contents

What is Geology?

Geology means the study of Earth or Earth Science. Moreover, Geology is the scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of Earth. It is about the study of the liquid and solid matter that comprises the surface of Earth. A course in Geology is concerned with the understanding and learning of how the entire system of Earth does its work.  It includes the landforms, various processes, constituents, and history.

This discipline of science also deals with various physical components of Earth and processes such as landslides, floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, etc. It studies the formation of Earth and how it has evolved over 4.4 billion years.

Geologists also study the source of origin of the atmosphere, oceans, and continents. All this information is crucial and helps them understand the reasons behind climate change and its consequences.

Earth Science is the study of the Earth and its neighbors in space. It is an exciting science with many interesting and practical applications. Earth sciences combine physics, chemistry, and biology with geology, geography, and paleontology to answer fundamental questions about the origin, development, and future of the Earth.

One section of Earth scientists uses their knowledge of the Earth to locate and develop energy and mineral resources. Others study the impact of human activity on the Earth’s environment, and design methods to protect the planet. A few earth scientists use their knowledge about Earth processes such as volcanoes, earthquakes, and hurricanes to plan communities that will not expose people to these dangerous events.

Besides these, Geologists are also responsible for assessing suitable areas of various construction projects like bridges, buildings, roads, railway tracks, etc., and searching for areas rich in natural resources. Geology courses are a combination of lab work and field research.

History of Geology :

Geology is a branch of Earth science concerned with the solid earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time. It also includes the study of the solid features of any terrestrial planet or natural satellite such as Mars/Moon.

Modern geology overlaps all other Earth sciences including Hydrology and the atmospheric sciences which treat as a major aspect of integrated Earth system science and planetary science.

The history of geology is more concerned with the development of natural sciences. The history describes that it was discovered in the 17th century and the developmental changes of the discovery held in the 18th,19th century where modern geological studies are seen in the 20th century.

However, some of the first geological thoughts were about the origin of the earth. Ancient Greece developed some primary geological concepts concerning the origin of the earth. In the 4th century, Aristotle observed the composition of the land and formulated a theory where the earth changes at a slow rate and that these changes cannot be observed during one person’s lifetime. Aristotle developed one of the first evidence-based concepts connected to the geological realm regarding the rate at which the earth physically changes. He also explained the formations of mountains, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions.

Later, Theophrastus made the greatest progress in his work and described minerals and ores both from local mines such as those at Laurium near Athens. He mostly discussed types of marbles and building materials i.e; limestone and has a great interest in them naturally.

After that in the Roman period, Pliny the elder discussed more minerals and metals and used them in practical ends. Moreover, laid the basis of crystallography by recognizing the octahedral habit of diamonds.

The word “Geology” was coined by Ulisse Aldrovanda(1603) and introduced as a fixed term by Horace-Benedict de Saussure(1779). Later, Escort first used the definition in his book “Geologia norvegica”.Further, William smith drew the first geological maps and began the process of layers by examining the fossils contained in them.

After that many developments along with changes are seen in geology which made the term modern geology it. Moreover, geological maps also improved one after one, and the first geological maps of the U.S. were given by William Maclure(1809).

However, many geologists contributed their works, thesis, and many more for the development of geology where we can know and see the observations and development of geology. Adding to it, many debates, disagreements, and disapprovements are also more in geological maps, formation of geology for which it is today.

Moreover, many geologists are still working on it for better development and work of geology.

Types of Geology :

Geology has many more divisions and branches where some of which are explained below.

Now, read below to know more about the types of geology courses and careers which give you an impact of the best chosen:

  1. Engineering Geologists – Engineering Geologists investigate the site before any foundation or earthworks are started for a very large civil engineering project begins. Environmental Geologists are concerned with the issues related to the disposal of waste of all its types which evaluate the environmental impact of the construction projects.
  1. Geo-Hydrologists take care of the water. They assess and analyze the sources and identify the threats to eliminate water pollution. They play a crucial role in the construction of reservoirs.
  1. Geomorphologists – It is a study related to erosion and glaciations. They study the process of erosion and glaciations and takes necessary remediation to eliminate the issue.
  1. Hydrologists and Mineralogists are responsible for identifying, measuring, and analyzing the source of water and minerals. Mineralogist analyzes the minerals and precious stones in rocks and mineral and determine its usage in various industries.
  1. Marine Geologists are a role who studies the physical aspects of the oceans and their current streams.
  1. Petroleum Geologists is a very important and most demanding job role. They conduct the tests and locate the presence of natural gas, and oil deposits both onshore and offshore sites.
  1. Paleontologists study ancient fossils. They help in tracing the evolution of plant and animal life and estimate their existence on the earth.
  1. Seismologists are a job role where they interpret the data of the earth’s tectonic moments and identify the earthquakes and earthquakes prove areas.
  1. Stratigraphers are the study of the distribution and arrangement of sedimentary rock layers of both land and the sea. They help us in understanding and knowing the layers and their distribution of 5he land and sea.
  1. Geologists– It is the most common role where the job’s main prospect is to teach and carry out academic research in universities and colleges.

Scope of Geology in India:

Geology in India has an improvised scope and objectives where some of which are described in the following.

Moreover, Geology provides a challenging career to young and dynamic thinkers. Geology graduates are having opportunities to take up geology as one of the main subjects for writing exams for NET, GATE, UPSC, Forest Service, etc. Post-graduation with geology further opens up ample opportunities of getting class-I jobs through UPSC- Geoscientist examination in GSI and CGWB and exams for ONGC, CIL, NMDC, AMD, MECL, and many more in central and state organizations, in various mining sector, cement industries captive mines and provide opportunities for self employability. Domain specialists and extraterrestrial research and research in academic and research organizations are lucrative options where geologists can show their talent.

A candidate with a relevant degree can work as a Geologist in private companies or consulting firms in India or across the country. They have opportunities to work in organizations dealing with oil and gas, mining, minerals, and water resources.

Some of them are mention below:

  1. Geology to Construction Jobs :
  • planning
  • Topographic maps
  • Hydrological maps
  • Geological maps
  • Design
  • Execution
  1. Water Resources Development in geology
  1. Town and Regional Planning in geological

Eligibility Criteria for Geology in India:

Eligibility Criteria Qualification Mandatory Subjects
Diploma Courses The candidates must have secured a minimum of 55% marks in Higher Secondary (10+2) or equivalent. Physics, Mathematics, and Chemistry
Bachelor Courses The candidates must have secured a minimum of 55% marks in Higher Secondary (10+2) or equivalent. Physics, Mathematics, and Chemistry
Master Courses The candidates must have secured a minimum of 55% marks in the B.Sc. examination. Relevant Subjects
Doctorate Courses The candidates must have scored a minimum of 55% marks in their M.Sc. examination. Relevant Subjects
Specialized Courses and Eligibility IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Kharagpur, offers specialized courses to students after completing 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM). They select candidates through JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) for an Integrated Program in Exploration Geophysics. It is a 5-years program.

To enroll in M.Tech in Geology and Geophysics, the candidates must have a B.Tech/M.Sc/BE degree along with GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) qualification. An  M.Tech in Geology and Geophysics is a 3-years program.

Geology Entrance Exams:

For admission into geology as a carrier, one must attend and clear the following exams for the courses of Ug, PG, and Ph.D. programs. However, some of the state and national exams are explained in the following:

  • State CET exams:

Every state has its common entrance test held for the admission purpose of the academic year. But the entrance test has some instructions includes where one must clear the eligibility criteria and education to register themselves for admission. However, one must clear the cut-off given by the state cause very state cutoffs vary based on the candidates who attended the exam.

Moreover, the CET exams registration fee varies from one to another. The average CET fee is INR 500 to 1200.

Now, read below to know about the documents required for registration :

  1. Candidates SSC/Inter certificates
  1. Marks memo xerox copy
  1. Identity card
  1. Transfer certificate
  1. Caste and income certificate
  1. passport size photo
  1. scanned signature
  • IIT JAM:

Indian Institue of Technology helds an exam called Joins Admission test into Masters for the aspirants. IIT JAM is held for masters, integrated master, and ph.D and only ph.D programs based on one eligibility.

However, one can have their bachelor’s with 50% aggregate to register them on the official website for registration purposes. A candidate can go through the website for the previous year’s papers, syllabus, and many more.

One can get hold of the exam when they go through the previous year’s papers and can understand the syllabus priority. However, every year many aspirants dream about this admission process as they can great career growth.

Top Geology Courses in India:

After completing a BSC in Geology, an aspirant can either join as a junior geologist or can continue his /her further studies. M. Sc. in Geology, M. Sc in Earth Science or Applied Geology is one of the best PG courses available for graduates and can take the specializations in the well-known subjects like :

  • Petrology: Petrology is the study of rocks like Igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary that process the form and transforms them. It has three subdivisions like 1)Igneous 2)Metamorphic 3) Sedimentary petrology
  • Mineralogy: Mineralogy is a branch of geology that gives specialization in the scientific study of chemistry, crystal structure, physical properties of minerals, and mineralized artifacts. However, it explains about physical properties of mineral constituent rocks.
  • Marine Geology: Marine geology is commonly known as oceanography which is a popular branch of geology. It is the study of the history and structure of the ocean floor. Moreover, the branch deals with geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological, and paleontological investigations of the ocean floor and coastal zone. Further, it focuses mainly on affected areas by our oceans includes deep, shallow, and shelves of oceans like coastal areas.
  • Seismology: Seismology is one of the popular branches of geology. Moreover, it is the scientific study of earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves of the earth. However, a candidate who completes their studies in seismology is known as a seismologist. Finally, the work of seismologists is to locate the source, nature, and magnitude of seismic events.
  • Gemology: Gemology is one of the main branches in geology that deals with gemstones studies. However, it involves the study of mineralogical fundamentals such as formations, genesis, localities, physical properties, and the identification of gemstones. A candidate who completes their studies in geology is known as a gemologist. Moreover, gemologists analyze, describe, certify the quality and characteristics of gemstones. Finally, the good quality of jewel; is made by the work of gemologists with a particular quality.
  • Geophysics: It is the study of subsurface, geological structure, groundwater, contamination, and human artifacts. Moreover, it is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and properties of the earth and the use of quantitative methods of their analysis.
  • Geochemistry:  The branch of earth science where chemical principles deeply understand about earth system and other planets is called Geochemistry. The candidates who study this subject are known as geochemists. Moreover, the job role is to study of earth and its elements like rocks, fluids, gases, and the exchange of matter. However, Norwegian victor Moritz Goldschmidt made a great impact in geochemistry in the mids of the 20th century. Finally, Mason named Goldschmidt as the “father of modern geochemistry”.
  • Mining Engineering: This engineering of geology associated with disciplines such as mineral processing, exploration, excavation, geology, metallurgy, geotechnical engineering with mining activities. Adding to it, a club of studies relates to mining will be seen in these studies. Further, mining geologists and engineers work to develop an ore deposit to economically extract the ore.

Moreover, dreaming for the best career in geology/geological studies can start from UG, PG, and Ph.D. programs. However, one can believe themselves for the wonderful contribution they give to geology/geological studies.

However, some universities provide distance education facilities for bachelor and master programs where one can avail them on their preferences and choices. Adding to it; top geology courses are the courses which are having prominent roles in the career and job growth of candidates.

Top Geology Courses for Bachelors in India :

The geology courses are UG, PG, and Ph.D. programs available. Moreover, every course is explained in detail from the admission process to job profiles. However, if any queries are left just go through the FAQ in the past part of the article where it can help you to understand more profoundly.

However, the eligibility criteria differ from one course to other where minimum age and educational qualification is mandatory.

Bachelors of geology, Master of geology, and Ph.D. in geology are the courses that are available for a good career in geology. Every aspirant who wants to have a bright career in geology can go through the given information.

B.Sc Geology:

BSc Geology is a three-year under graduation course, desirable for those who want to study the structure, composition, and components of Earth. Bachelor of Science in Geology is a three-year-long undergraduate level bachelor degree course focused on earth science. The course involves the study of rocks, minerals, other solid substances, their compositions, their history, and other processes involving them. The average fees charged for this course lies between the range of INR 10,000 to INR 30,000.

Now, read below to know the important highlights of the course :

  • The Bachelor’s program gives you immense knowledge about various rocks, minerals, fossils, crystals, etc that are present on and under the earth’s surface.
  • It includes the study of mineralogy, paleontology, petrology, economic geology, hydrogeology, stratigraphy, structural geology, etc.
  • The course also includes mandatory fieldwork and practicals of different theory subjects.
  • Moreover, this course provides you with a great knowledge of nature and different natural phenomena like earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, and many others, how they occur, their after-effects, etc.
  • After completion of this course, students can either pursue higher studies or can work in different departments in both the private and government sector.
  • M.Sc and Ph.D. courses with multiple specializations can be pursued after this course.
  • The course is also available as a distance education option.

This course is spread over 6 semesters and covers subjects like environmental science, earth science, mineral science, the study of other natural resources like water, petroleum, natural gas, etc, their positioning and presence, climate change and related problems, etc. The course also includes fieldwork and exploration.

Eligibility criteria :

To be eligible to apply for this course, a candidate must have a minimum of 55% marks in Intermediate. The candidates must complete 10+2 in science stream with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics or Biology along with English as a compulsory language from any recognized education board.

Admission process:

Now, read below to know about the admission procedure:

Admission to BSc Geology is generally based on a merit list of one’s Intermediate marks. However, some colleges may conduct their entrance examinations. There are two types of processes where one can join basis on the Merrit and entrance test results.

Merrit based process :

  • Candidates after completing their Intermediate can easily apply for this course on the official websites of the college, once the application window is open.
  • After the application window is closes, colleges release their merit list of candidates.
  • Subsequent lists may be released by colleges depending on the number of students applied and several seats available.
  • The cutoffs of the reputed colleges generally range between 75% – 85%.
  • The cutoffs for the topmost colleges like presidency college can even go above 90% marks.

Entrance test based:

  • Some colleges like state universities conduct their entrances as criteria to admit students into BSc Geology.
  • Apply for the entrances, if any, on the official website of conducting college as required.
  • Candidates are selected based on marks scored in these entrance examinations.

Admission procedure :

Given below are the steps that can be followed to apply for the BSc Geology course:

  • Firstly, a candidate has to visit the official website of the university
  • Secondly, one must read all the terms and conditions given on the website and then register oneself by logging in
  • After successful login, by providing basic details one have to provide name, mobile number, and mail id
  • Thirdly, One must log in and fill the registration form by uploading scanned documents like Identity cards, Educational certificates, Transfer and caste certificates along with a scanned photo and signature.
  • Furthermore, one must full fill all the required qualities of a university
  • Finally, one must pay the fee through online/offline transactions by credit/debit card
  • The registration fee pay cannot get refunds under any circumstances.
  • Adding to it; update the university website for further details.

However, the bachelor’s course can be Regular and distance mode by some popular universities. Moreover, the popular bachelor entrance test is BHU UET and some of the top colleges are BHU, Hansraj, and Fergusson college.

Moreover, the colleges which provide distance education for bachelor of geology are IGNOU, Chattisgarh university basing on entrance test marks.

Career after Bachelor of Geology :

Bachelor of geology completion gives a candidate lots of doubts regarding the next step after it. However, there are many career opportunities for the aspirants after the bachelor’s degree where they can continue with higher studies too based on one’s convenience. After pursuing BSc Geology, students can also opt for higher studies and can opt for masters in Geology, Petroleum geology, and marine geology and ph.D courses respectively.

Adding to it, Several job opportunities are also available after completing a BSc in Geology. Some of the job profiles offered are in the following:-

  • Geologist
  • Petrologist
  • Hydrogeologist
  • Mine Supervisor

The starting salary offered after BSc Geology is around INR 3-4 LPA. Finally, the salary can change the basis on one’s performance and knowledge.

List of Top B.sc Geology Colleges in India :

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off

Why BSc Geology course?

BSc Geology course is pursued by a lot of students these days. Given below are some reasons why you can think of pursuing this course:

  • Various Job Opportunities: After completion of the BSc Geology course, a plethora of job opportunities are available for candidates. Job Opportunities are available in various government and private sectors. Candidates can work as geologists, hydrogeologists, paleontologists, marine geologists, etc.
  • Decent Salary: The entry-level salary of BSc Geology graduates is around INR 4 to 5 lakh per annum. With higher experience, the candidates can end up earning more than INR 18 lakh per annum in any field.
  • Various Career Options: Candidates pursuing BSc Geology have multiple options to opt for a career. Candidates can wish to pursue higher studies like M.Sc and Ph.D. thereafter or can opt for various jobs available.
  • Top Recruiters: Some of the top companies recruit students who completed their BSc in Geology like- Geological Survey of India (GSI), Schlumberger, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Oil India Limited (OIL), GAIL, etc.

Average Fees for B.Sc Geology:  The average fee for a bachelor of geology is nearly INR 10,000 to 45,000

Admission Criteria for B.Sc Geology:

Given below are the steps that can be followed to apply for the BSc Geology course:

  • Firstly, a candidate has to visit the official website of the university
  • Secondly, one must read all the terms and conditions given on the website and then register oneself by logging in
  • After successful login, by providing basic details one have to provide name, mobile number, and mail id
  • Thirdly, One must log in and fill the registration form by uploading scanned documents like Identity cards, Educational certificates, Transfer and caste certificates along with a scanned photo and signature.
  • Furthermore, one must full fill all the required qualities of a university
  • Finally, one must pay the fee through online/offline transactions by credit/debit card
  • The registration fee pay cannot get refunds under any circumstances.
  • Adding to it update with the university website for further details.

Types of Jobs after B.Sc Geology:

Several job opportunities are also available after completing a BSc in Geology. Some of the job profiles offered are- Geologist, Petrologist, Hydrogeologist, my Supervisor, etc in some of the top companies. After completion of the BSc Geology course, a plethora of job opportunities is available for candidates. Job Opportunities are available in various government and private sectors. Candidates can work as geologists, hydrogeologists, paleontologists, marine geologists. The starting salary offered after BSc Geology is around INR 3-4 LPA.

Placements after B.Sc Geology:

The placement for Bachelors’s courses will be in the teaching field, private companies, and ONGC companies. Some of the top companies recruit students who completed their BSc in Geology like- Geological Survey of India (GSI), Schlumberger, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Oil India Limited (OIL), GAIL, etc.

List of top colleges in India for bachelors:

University name Affilaited to Eligibility criteria
Andhra university Andhra university Inter with 55% aggregate
Parul university Parul university Inter with 55% aggregate
Presidency college Deemed university Inter with 55% aggregate
BHU university Banaras hindu university Inter with 55% aggregate
Hansraj college Delhi university Inter with 55% aggregate
Fergusson college Pune university Inter with 55% aggregate
Delhi university Delhi university Inter with 55% aggregate

 

Top Geology Courses for Masters in India:

M.Sc Geology :

Masters of sciences in geology is a postgraduate degree course of two- year duration, divided into four semesters. This course teaches students about the surrounding environment and focuses on the scientific study of the workings and design of the earth and its layers. However, completing a bachelor’s degree with relevant subjects can make the candidate eligible for the master admission procedure.

To be considered eligible to apply to this program, students are required to hold a Bachelor’s degree in Science with an aggregate of at least 60% marks. Admission to the MSc Geology course will be done either based on the candidate’s performance in the Bachelor’s degree exam or based on their performance in the entrance exams conducted by admission authorities.

Adding to it, in the pg program of geology one can learn more about economic geology, hydrogeology, geochemistry, natural resource management, and dissertation topics. However, one can further study or research any topic basis on the interest.

The average fee charged by colleges offering this MSc Geology ranges from INR 2,00,000 to INR 6,00,000 per annum. It can vary depending upon the college the student has chosen.

Moreover, Students can opt for this course through distance learning mode as well. The top colleges and universities offering MSc Geology courses through distance learning mode are IGNOU, University of Madras, Banaras Hindu University, Punjab University, etc. provide this course through distance learning mode. The average annual fees for studying Masters of Science in Geology through distance learning ranges from INR 5000 to INR 30,000.

Furthermore, After completing this course, the graduates of MSc Geology can work for private industries, the federal government, museums, colleges, and universities, etc., and they can get jobs as a Geological Technologist, Engineering Geologist, Geochemist, Geoscientist, Hydro Geologist, etc.

The average salary that one can expect after completing MSc Geology ranges from INR 3,00,000 to 13,00,000 per annum, depending on the job roles and experience of candidates.

What is the MSc Geology Admission Process?

Admission to the course is usually based on the score obtained by a candidate in an entrance exam. Some of the major all-India entrance exams conducted for this purpose are BHU PET, IIT JAM, DUET, etc. Some colleges also offer admission on a merit basis. The various steps involved in the admission process are given below.

merit-based selection:

  • Apply to the colleges or universities you are interested in.
  • Maintain a good score throughout your Bachelor’s degree exams.
  • In due course of time, colleges release their cutoff lists. Check if you are eligible for admission into the desired course.
  • If eligible, visit the college and submit all the required documents.

Entrance based selection:

The guide to apply for entrance exam-based admission is as follows :

Given below are the steps that can be followed to apply for the MSc Geology course:

  • Firstly, a candidate has to visit the official website of the university
  • Secondly, one must read all the terms and conditions given on the website and then register oneself by logging in
  • After successful login, by providing basic details one have to provide name, mobile number, and mail id
  • Thirdly, One must log in and fill the registration form by uploading scanned documents like Identity cards, Educational certificates, Transfer and caste certificates along with a scanned photo and signature.
  • Furthermore, one must full fill all the required qualities of a university
  • Finally, one must pay the fee through online/offline transactions by credit/debit card
  • The registration fee pay cannot get refunds under any circumstances.
  • Adding to it; update the university website for further details.
  • Download admit card: Admit cards are released once all applicants are judged for eligibility. The admit card must be downloaded and printed out to be used on the day of the examination. Moreover, the preferred location is allocated to students on how they chose during registration. Finally, the exam centers once allocate can’t get change after the hall ticket release date.
  • Examination: Prepare for the exam as per the syllabus and past papers. Appear for the examination on the date announced.
  • Results: The university releases its official key and results in a couple of days. However, the cutoff changes based on locality, nationality, and other criteria.

MSc Geology Eligibility Criteria :

The eligibility criteria for MSc Geology aspirants are not difficult and are as follows. It must be the eligibility criteria will differ from institute to institute.

  • A candidate must complete his/her bachelor’s degree in Geology or any such relevant course from a recognized university.
  • Students must have studied Geology as a compulsory subject and any two of Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry or Biology as subsidiary subjects.
  • The students will also have to score well in the entrance test and clear the cut-off to stand eligible for the MSc Geology course.

MSc Geology Entrance Exams:

In most of the colleges, the MSc Geology admissions are done based on the results in the entrance tests. The forms for the entrance tests are mostly released in December and January and the examinations are held shortly after that.

Some of the popular MSc Geology entrance exams are provided below:

  • BHU PET- Banaras Hindu university’s postgraduate entrance test helds an exam every year in the category of masters of all subjects where geology is also included. It is a prestigious entrance test for students who are eagerly preparing for their bachelor’s. Moreover, based on the entrance test results and merit marks one can get a seat in the university.
  • MRNAT- Manav Rachna national aptitude test is a common entrance test for UG and PG courses where it is a famous test. Moreover, based on the entrance test results and merit marks one can get a seat in the university.
  • AUCET- Andhra University Common Entrance Test is conducted for admission into PG courses in the Arts, Science, Engineering. The test is conducted in the online as well as offline mode. The test consists of 100 multiple-choice questions. Moreover, based on the entrance test results and merit marks one can get a seat in the university
  • DUET- Delhi University Entrance Test is conducted to offer admission to aspirants in various UG, PG, MPhil, and Ph.D. programs. The entrance exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of Delhi University. Moreover, based on the entrance test results and merit marks one can get a seat in the university.

Information and details about the MSc Geology course are as follows:

  • This course describes ‘Geology’ and identifies some of its main principles and identifies the main branches of geology.
  • In this course, students will get to study Earth Sciences concerned with the solid earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the process by which they change over time.
  • The MSc Geology program also includes the study of the solid features of any terrestrial planet or natural satellite such as Mars or the Moon.
  • A course in Geology is concerned with the understanding and learning of how the entire system of Earth does its work.  It includes the landforms, various processes, constituents, and history.
  • MSc Geology course encompasses the study of various layers of the earth from prehistoric times to contemporary time, it also assesses the evolution throughout the years.
  • It provides students with detailed insight into the diverse processes of the atmosphere and the evolution of life.

scope of Masters in Geology :

There are so many reasons why an individual should pursue an MSc Geology course. Students can pursue this course because of the following benefits of the course:

  • This course prepares students for other careers in business, law, education, and others.
  • A course in Geology gives you a good insight and appreciation of natural forces and everything that we see around us, plus a realistic grasp of time (i.e. geological time) as applied to everything else in Science.
  • Some of the common job profiles for the MSc Geology postgraduates are Project Assistant, Geologist, Geological Technologists, Assistant Geologist, Geo-Scientist, Assistant Chemist, Hydro Geologist, ONGC Chair Professor, etc.
  • The students also have the opportunity to carry out research works in their field. There are a lot of research labs in India that appoint MSc Geology students for carrying out their research.
  • The MSc Geology salary package ranges between INR 2,00,000 and 13,00,000 annually. The salary largely depends on the job profile for which they have been appointed.

Career after M.Sc :

One can get complete their studies with decent marks and can go for further studies or can go for jobs. Moreover, the average salary package for a postgraduate will be 2lakhs per annum.

  • Firstly, MSc Geology students can take up jobs in various sectors like Mining Industry, Oil and Gas Industry, Petroleum, and the Gems Industry.
  • Furthermore, The candidates may conduct research activities in various technologies and subjects related to Geology. They may work at research labs and earn a handsome stipend at the end of each month.
  • Finally, The most common job profiles for the MSc Geology postgraduates are Project Assistant, Geological Technologists, Geoscientists, Assistant Chemist, Hydrogeologist, ONGC Chair Professor, etc. The average salary would be around INR 2,00,000  to 13,00,000.

However, the designations for the students who have masters will be as:

  1. Project Assistant
  1. Geologist
  1. Geological Technologists
  1. Assistant Geologist
  1. Geo-Scientist
  1. Assistant Chemist
  1. Hydro Geologist
  1. ONGC Chair Professor

List of Top M.sc geology Colleges in India :

College name Affialiated to Eligibility criteria_
Andhra university Andhra university Bachelors with 55% aggregate
Parul university Parul university Bachelors with 55% aggregate
Presidency college Deemed university Bachelors with 55% aggregate
BHU university Banaras hindu university Bachelors with 55% aggregate
Hansraj college Delhi university Bachelors with 55% aggregate
Fergusson college Pune university Bachelors with 55% aggregate
Delhi university Delhi university Inter with 55% aggregate
     

 

Ph.D. in Geology :

Doctor of Philosophy or Ph.D. in Geology is a 3-5 years doctorate program that prepares students for various Geoscience careers. Geology comprises the study of Mineralogy, Palaeontology, Structural Geology, and Geomorphology.

Moreover, The basic eligibility criteria for pursuing the course is a Master’s degree in the areas such as Geology/ Applied Geology/ Earth Science/ Marine Geology from any recognized university with 55% aggregate marks. However, Admission to the course is based on merit obtained by candidates at the master’s level. Some government institutes also conduct entrance exams for providing admission.

Furthermore, The average tuition fees charged for the course in India range between INR 10,000 to 2 lacs. However, successful doctorates can expect anything between INR 2.5 lacs to 9.5 lacs as average starting salary which increases with their experience and expertise.

Geology is the study of the Earth in which students study Earth materials, how materials are composed, and processes that affect them over time. Students who are in the study of geology are known as Geologists. Finally, After getting a doctorate from prestigious institutes or universities students can work both in domestic as well as international areas.

Students enroll in the course are for :

  • Work in deserts, ocean floors, mountains, etc.
  • Identifying rock, minerals, and fossils
  • Measure Earth’s gravity and magnetic field
  • Research for natural gas and minerals

Such students are hired in the job positions such as Volcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial Geologists, Structural Geologists, Hydrogeologists, Engineering Geologists, Palaeontologists.

Eligibility for Ph.D. (Geology) :

All the interested students are required to fulfill the minimum eligibility criteria to apply for the course which is as below:

  • Postgraduate degree in a relevant area such as Geology/ Applied Geology/ Earth Science/ Marine Geology from any recognized university.
  • Minimum 55% marks for general category in master’s degree
  • Minimum 50% marks for SC/ ST/ OBC category candidates.

Admission procedure:

The guide to apply for entrance exam-based admission is as follows :

Given below are the steps that can be followed to apply for the Doctorate in  Geology course:

  • Firstly, a candidate has to visit the official website of the university
  • Secondly, one must read all the terms and conditions given on the website and then register oneself by logging in
  • After successful login, by providing basic details one have to provide name, mobile number, and mail id
  • Thirdly, One must log in and fill the registration form by uploading scanned documents like Identity cards, Educational certificates, Transfer and caste certificates along with a scanned photo and signature.
  • Furthermore, one must full fill all the required qualities of a university
  • Finally, one must pay the fee through online/offline transactions by credit/debit card
  • The registration fee pay cannot get refunds under any circumstances.
  • Adding to it; update the university website for further details.
  • Download admit card: Admit cards releases once all applicants are for eligibility. The admit card must be downloaded and printed out to be used on the day of the examination. Moreover, the preferred location is allocated to students on how they chose during registration. Finally, the exam centers once allocate can’t get change after the hall ticket release date.
  • Examination: Prepare for the exam as per the syllabus and past papers. Appear for the examination on the date announced.
  • Results: The university releases its official key and results in a couple of days. However, the cutoff changes based on locality, nationality, and other criteria.

Entrance Exams:

In most of the colleges, the ph.D in  Geology admissions depends on the results in the entrance tests. The forms for the entrance tests are mostly seen in December and January and the examinations are conducts shortly after that.

Some of the popular Geology entrance exams are discussed below:

  • BHU PET- Banaras Hindu university’s postgraduate entrance test helds an exam every year in the category of masters of all subjects where geology is also included. It is a prestigious entrance test for students who are eagerly preparing for their bachelor’s. Moreover, based on the entrance test results and merit marks one can get a seat in the university.
  • MRNAT- Manav Rachna national aptitude test is a common entrance test for UG and PG courses where it is a famous test. Moreover, based on the entrance test results and merit marks one can get a seat in the university.
  • AUCET- Andhra University Common Entrance Test is conducted for admission into PG courses in the Arts, Science, Engineering. The test is conducted in the online as well as offline mode. The test consists of 100 multiple-choice questions. Moreover, based on the entrance test results and merit marks one can get a seat in the university
  • DUET- Delhi University Entrance Test is conducted to offer admission to aspirants in various UG, PG, MPhil, and Ph.D. programs. The entrance exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of Delhi University. Moreover, based on the entrance test results and merit marks one can get a seat in the university.

Colleges/Universities offering Ph.D. in Geology :

College name Affiliated university Eligibility criteria
     
Andhra university Andhra university Master degree with 60% aggregate
Parul university Parul university Master degree with 60% aggregate
Presidency college Deemed university Master degree with 60% aggregate
BHU university Banaras hindu university Master degree with 60% aggregate
Hansraj college Delhi university Master degree with 60% aggregate
Fergusson college Pune university Master degree with 60% aggregate
Delhi university Delhi university Master degree with 60% aggregate

 

What to do after Ph.D. in Geology?

After successful completion of a Ph.D. in geology, one can go for private companies or government positions. Moreover, the candidates are also eligible for writing exams like NET, UPSC, GATE for higher designations and all.

Such students hire in the job positions such as Volcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial Geologists, Structural Geologists, Hydrogeologists, Engineering Geologists, Palaeontologists.

Top Recruiting Companies like Geological Survey of India, Central Ground Water Board, Oil, and Natural Gas Commission, Hindustan Zinc Limited, Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation, Coal India, Mineral Exploration Ltd., Indian Bureau of Mines, Indian Space Research Organization, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited. Top Recruiting Areas will be Research & Educational Institutes, Mining, Oil and Gas, Minerals and Water Resources, Mineralogy, Volcanology, Hydrology, or Oceanography. Job PositionsVolcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial Geologists, Structural Geologists, Hydrogeologists, Engineering Geologists, Palaeontologists

Geology Job Roles & Levels in India:

Geologist careers are one of the most admired in recent years. However, any candidate can pursue the Doctorate specialization in geology course by having the relevant specialization in their masters or bachelor’s.

Geology in India has an improvement in scope and objectives where some of which describe in the following.

Moreover, Geology provides a challenging career to young and dynamic thinkers. Geology graduates are having opportunities to take up geology as one of the main subjects for writing exams for NET, GATE, UPSC, Forest Service, etc. Post-graduation with geology further opens up ample opportunities of getting class-I jobs through UPSC- Geoscientist examination in GSI and CGWB and exams for ONGC, CIL, NMDC, AMD, MECL, and many more in central and state organizations, in various mining sector, cement industries captive mines and provide opportunities for self employability. Domain specialists and extraterrestrial research and research in academic and research organizations are lucrative options where geologists can show their talent.

A candidate with a relevant degree can work as a Geologist in private companies or consulting firms in India or across the country. They have opportunities to work in organizations dealing with oil and gas, mining, minerals, and water resources.

Some of them are mention below:

Geology to Construction Jobs :

  • planning
  • Topographic maps
  • Hydrological maps
  • Geological maps
  • Design
  • Execution
  • Water Resources Development in geology
  • Town and Regional Planning in geological
  1. Project Assistant
  1. Geologist
  1. Geological Technologists
  1. Assistant Geologist
  1. Geo-Scientist
  1. Assistant Chemist
  1. Hydro Geologist
  1. ONGC Chair Professor

Frequently Asked Questions About Geology courses and careers in India

What is the study of Geology?

Geology means the study of Earth or Earth Science. It is about the study of the liquid and solid matter that comprises the surface of Earth. A course in Geology is concerned with the understanding and learning of how the entire system of Earth does its work.  It includes the landforms, various processes, constituents, and history.

Geology is a part of science where many features of geology admire, surprises and on top of it without geology, we can’t see many features of the earth. Moreover, Geology is the definition of the study of earth, the materials of earth compose up of and the structure of it, and the process acting upon them.

Moreover, it also includes the study of organisms that have inhabited our planet. Adding, Geology has Earth’s materials, structures, processes, and how organisms changed over time.

It also has great opportunities and careers which includes awarding and rewarding career growth and jobs. Many aspirants apply for geology as a carrier because many improvements are showing from past years. Candidates who want to become geologists should know about it very keen.

Is Geology a good career?

Yes, choosing Geology as a career can give you a lot of knowledge about how the earth revolves, is compose up of, and many more. However, nowadays lots of interest in the earth made it more popular and use in modern geological studies. Adding to it, Geological officers can suggest any bridge planning and roads or construction cause they have an idea regarding the materials beneath the surface and can predict the problems.

Geologist careers are one of the most admired in recent years. However, any candidate can pursue the Doctorate specialization in geology course by having the relevant specialization in their masters or bachelor’s.

Geology in India has an improvement in scope and objectives where some of which are in the following.

Moreover, Geology provides a challenging career to young and dynamic thinkers. Geology graduates are having opportunities to take up geology as one of the main subjects for writing exams for NET, GATE, UPSC, Forest Service, etc. Post-graduation with geology further opens up ample opportunities of getting class-I jobs through UPSC- Geoscientist examination in GSI and CGWB and exams for ONGC, CIL, NMDC, AMD, MECL, and many more in central and state organizations, in various mining sector, cement industries captive mines and provide opportunities for self employability. Domain specialists and extraterrestrial research and research in academic and research organizations are lucrative options where geologists can show their talent.

A candidate with a relevant degree can work as a Geologist in private companies or consulting firms in India or across the country. They have opportunities to work in organizations dealing with oil and gas, mining, minerals, and water resources.

Some of them are mention below:

Geology to Construction Jobs :

  • planning
  • Topographic maps
  • Hydrological maps
  • Geological maps
  • Design
  • Execution
  • Water Resources Development in geology
  • Town and Regional Planning in geological

Is Geology a difficult course?

Geology is not a difficult course and those who love new things and are curious about Mother earth find it simply causes they already most of the things and are curious to learn more.

Moreover, Any candidate who loves what they do and want cannot feel or see it as difficult cause they know all pros and cons of it. However, one must clear the entrance test for the admission of any of the geology courses to join like bachelors, master or speculations too.

Initially, any candidate can join the course of geology from bachelors, masters, and ph.D by completing their respective studies with an aggregate of 55%. Based on the merit and entrance test results one can study geology. However, many branches with courses and sub-courses are in it.

What are the branches of Geology?

Geology is a vast subject where many branches are in. However, one can join in any of the courses by attempting the entrance test of geology and can join in courses like Bachelors, Masters, and Ph.D. programs.

Now, read below to know more about the branches of geology :

  • Engineering Geologists – Engineering Geologists investigate the site before any foundation or earthworks are starts for a very large civil engineering project begins. However, Environmental Geologists are concerned with the issues related to the disposal of waste of all its types which evaluate the environmental impact of the construction projects.
  • Geo-Hydrologists take care of the water. They assess and analyze the sources and identify the threats to eliminate water pollution. They play a crucial role in the construction of reservoirs.
  • Geomorphologists – It is a study related to erosion and glaciations. They study the process of erosion and glaciations and takes necessary remediation to eliminate the issue.
  • Hydrologists and Mineralogists are responsible for identifying, measuring, and analyze the source of water and minerals. Mineralogist analyzes the minerals and precious stones in rocks and mineral and determines its usage in various industries.
  • Marine Geologists are a role who studies the physical aspects of the oceans and their current streams.
  • Petroleum Geologists is a very important and most demanding job role. Moreover, They conduct the tests and locate the presence of natural gas, and oil deposits both onshore and offshore sites.
  • Paleontologists study ancient fossils. They help in tracing the evolution of plant and animal life and estimate their existence on the earth.
  • Seismologists are a job role where they interpret the data of the earth’s tectonic moments and identify the earthquakes and earthquakes prove areas.
  • Stratigraphers are the study of the distribution and arrangement of sedimentary rock layers of both land and the sea. They help us in understanding and knowing the layers and their distribution of 5he land and sea.
  • Geologists– It is the most common role where the job’s main prospect is to teach and carry out academic re

 

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List of Universities offering Geology
List of Universities