Forestry is a large rural sector in India, as well as a vital natural resource. India is one of the world’s top 10 forest-rich countries. India and the other nine countries jointly account for 67 % of the world’s total forest area. Following years of great worry about forest loss, India’s forest cover grew at a pace of 0.20 % per year between 1990 and 2000. And also has grown at a rate of 0.7 % per year between 2000 and 2010. After decades of major worry about forest loss. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization puts India’s forest cover to be over 68 million hectares. Or 22 percent of the country’s total area, as of 2010.

The rural and urban poor in India will continue to meet their energy needs through wasteful forest destruction and fuelwood. They use unless India makes a huge, quick, and persistent effort to develop electricity supply and power plants.


Table of Contents

India’s reliance on wood and forestry products as a primary energy source is not only unstable. But it is also a major contributor to the country’s fairly close haze and air pollution. In India, forestry is far more than just wood and fuel. Latex, gums, resins, essential oils, flavors, scents, and aroma. And incense sticks, handicrafts, thatching materials, and medicinal plants are all produced. In India’s non-wood forest products business. Local usage accounts for about 60% of non-wood forest product supply. Non-wood forest products account for over half of the entire revenue made by India’s forestry industry.

What is Forestry:

Forestry is the science and art of making, managing, planting, using, conserving, and repairing forests, woods. Also, related resources for the benefit of humans and the world. Farms and natural holds up are both used in forestry. The biological, physical, social, political, and social sciences all have parts in forestry science. A forester is a person who works in the field of forestry. Silviculturist is another popular term. Silviculture is a subset of forestry that focuses solely on forest plants, yet the two terms are often used equally.

Forest ecosystems have become the most major part of the biosphere. And forestry has risen as a vital applied science, craft, and tech. Forests and biodiversity are important to everyone, although some people rely on them more than others. Forests generate more than 86 million green work and support the lifestyle. Along with many more people in diverse industrial countries, making forestry is a major economic area.

Foresters work for a variety of groups, such as the timber industry, federal agencies. The orgs, local governs, urban park boards, citizens’ groups, and individual landowners. The forestry profession covers a wide range of occupations, with needs. Also, ranging from a bachelor’s degree in forestry to a Ph.D. for highly specialized work. Forest is planned by industrial foresters, who begin with cautious harvesting. Trees in urban green spaces are managed by urban foresters. Foresters operate in tree nurseries, where they grow seedlings for initiatives such as woodland construction and regeneration. Foresters are working to improve tree genetics. New building systems are developed by forest engineers.

History of Forestry:

Werner Sombart and others named the pre-industrial era the “wooden age,” because lumber and fuel were the primary sources of energy, construction, and shelter. The rise of capitalism, economics as a science, and differing concepts of land use. And also, the property is all linked to the development of modern forestry. The Roman, or big Agri estates, were highly successful in ensuring the Roman Empire’s large supply of wood. Following the Romans’ demise, large-scale deforestation occurred. Monks in the formerly of the Adriatic coast, however, were able to create stone pine plantations. To produce fuelwood and food as early as the 5th century. This was the start of the enormous forests referenced by Dante Alighieri in his Divine Comedy poem, written in 1308. Then adopted a similar way of formal forestry techniques in the 7th century. During which they instituted a code concerned.

With the survival of oak and pine forests in response to an ever-increasing lack of wood. Many forest resources have been used and managed in China for centuries, dating back to the Han period and taking place under the control of landowning nobility. In medieval and early modern Europe, land usage rights permitted diverse users to access woodlands and meadows. Pitch (resin) was needed for ship caulking, falking and hunting rights, firewood and building, timber collection in wood pastures. And grazing animals in woods, therefore plant litter, and resin extraction was crucial. The name “commons” is derived from the old legal term “common land.” The concept of enclosing private property was developed in the modern era. Members of the nobility, on the other hand, kept most hunting rights, preserving the nobility’s right to access. Then use common property for pastimes, such as fox hunting.

Types of forestry courses:


Forestry courses are diverse and also specific, it covers a whole lot of elements that comprise a forest. This variety in courses allows the aspiring students to take up those that well suit them and also allow them to explore. And express more of themselves through the work they do. This also brings up the factor of variance in unity. Forestry like any other course has a lot of sub-divisions that comprise the subject as a whole, for example in MBBS. After its completion, there are various courses that they on the various parts of the human body. Such as the brain, eyes, kidneys, lungs, and heart. And such is the case for forestry, there are various courses that focus on one particular element of the whole tapestry.

Mentioned below are some of the various specializations that come under the course of forestry, and these courses are some of the most commonly chosen under the main course of forestry.

B.Sc in forestry

The major course in the department of forestry is the Bachelor of Science course in forestry. Since it acts as the main foundation of the course and that the various other courses are built upon this foundation. It makes bachelor of science in forestry the MBBS of forestry courses. This bachelor’s course teaches all the necessary and important points that are necessary for pursuing any other courses. In forestry, the various subjects taught in B. Sc forestry are fundamental of geology and soil science, plant biochemistry, and biotechnology. Introduction to botany, basic mathematics, principles of plant physiology, structural grammar, and spoken English. For fluent communication, elementary statistics, and computer science for job-related aspects, forest mensuration. Tree physiology, tree seed technology, and fundamentals of wildlife.

The course also focuses on embedding various values that enable the students to become more effective. In the work that they pursue, this also allows them to become suitable and sustainable for the work nature they might face. The course also makes sure to embed education in much more. Way rather than conveying the information in a singular chain of command. B. Sc in forestry pushes a much more way of learning. Where the students can share their view on the forest and its related elements. That way it makes it all the more interesting and easier to understand for the students. And also the teachers. From this, we can understand that B. Sc in forestry is the basic course. Which is needed to pursue any course under the specific department, that is forestry.

B.Sc in forestry

B.Sc in forestry stands for masters in forestry, which is a two-year post-graduate course. Which is taught in almost all the colleges that provide the course of B. Sc in forestry. This the next plausible course which most of the students select after the completion of B. Sc in forestry. Due to the successive nature of the course it naturally becomes the next choice after the bachelor’s degree. Although there is nothing wrong or future in selecting the course because the master’s in forestry. It can open up a whole lot of forums for its students, both professionally and career-wise. However, due to the preconceived notion of the young student community that forestry does not provide a good career option. Most of them do not prefer this course and go on to pursue various other courses as said above.

The course focuses on some of the most key and essential elements that consists of the forestry department and they are silviculture, forest resource management, forest resource economics, forest biometry, forest protection, forest management, forest policy, laws, and international conventions, forest products, forest chemistry and industries, tree growth, forest ecology, and biodiversity conservation and forest and people. These are some of the most important and essential courses that help the students to understand the inner workings of the forest and teach them ways of preserving them and along the process help them grow. From this, we can conclude that M. Sc in forestry is yet another major course in the field of forestry that gives its students a whole avenue of opportunities and choices.

B.Sc forestry in wood science and technology

As the name suggests, master’s in foresty which says about the wood science and technology. This is another very important course that is recently beginning to see some aspiring students. As take it up with passion and interest. This new course focuses on the wood science and technology aspect of the forest ecosystem. By doing so teaches the students various wood types that can be found in forests. And also the various uses they are acquired for. Wood is the main content of a forest, it makes up for the trees and acts as a multiparous raw material. Which can be used for various things such as building houses, furniture, making paper, making boxes, etc.

More than 70% of the forest consists of wood, and it is one of the most essential elements of a dense forest. Which the course of wood science and technology focus primarily on. This is because of the factor that wood can be used for various other purposes. And that these forests are being deforested for the mining of woods which can be used later for other purposes. The specialization mainly focuses on wood identification, wood seasoning and preservation, paper and pulp technology, wood chemistry, general properties of wood and wood modification, and composition of wood.

These subjects focus on the various aspects related to wood, and by doing so it embeds a great deal of value upon its students. This in return allows them to use their knowledge in the future for various aspects that are related to wood and forest which in turn shall help and preserve their growth.

M.Sc forestry in plantation technology

Masters in forestry which specializes in the plantation technology aspect of the forest is one of the most relevant and upcoming courses in the nation. This course focuses on the plantation aspect of the forest, and it studies the various aspects of the forest which are related to the plantation. Plantation in nature is done by the various factors that directly influence them such as climate, soil conditions, soil type, the plants, and the irrigation facility and all these are done by nature itself in such a way that they seem to be a natural process.

The course of M. Sc forestry in plantation technology tries to understand the various concepts and laws of nature and allows us to implement them of our will, where all these external factors are decided by human beings without the interference of natural resources. This makes it easier for us to understand the workings of nature and also allows to us plant various plantations of our own, which shall help us progress in the field of farming and create an intricate bond with nature.

Plantation technology is now being followed by various farmers and also humans who have no connection to farming, this is because of the sudden decline in the farming process of the nation and the unavoidable crisis they have been facing in recent times. All these have made farming an unprofitable venue where farmers have no other option but to sell their land and search for other jobs to feed and support their families. This plantation technology allows the infusion of various technological aspects that shall once again give life to such farming processes and create a sense of revenue that will uplift their life situations.

M.Sc in watershed management

Masters in forestry which specializes in watershed management is yet another import and crucial addition to the tapestry of forestry courses that already exist. Since water is the lifeblood of all the biological beings that reside on earth, it is important that we respect the water resources and treat them accordingly. Water covers more than 80% of the earth’s atmosphere and more than 50% of it is undrinkable in its raw nature, they are seawater which is salty in nature. Although we have abundant water resources, we are poor in managing our water bodies in such a way that it benefits us and also the various biological beings that thrive on water such as fishes, whales, sea plants, and organisms.

Watershed management focuses on this issue which is being faced regularly in recent times, by focusing on water-based issues the course teaches various methods by which we could save our water resources from depletion and also the preservation of water and water-based ecosystem. Water is a key aspect of life on earth and we humans have been finding new ways to pollute and deplete them, which might cause a huge ruff in the future. Watershed management uses various techniques and ailments to save water and some of the most subjects that are taught in this course are Watershed Concepts, Project Formulation and Planning, Applications of Remote Sensing and GIS in Watershed Management, Watershed Survey, Mapping, and Structural Engineering Designs, People’s Participation and Impact Analysis in Watershed, Production System and Bio-Diversity in Watershed and Watershed Hydrology and Resources Conservation.

Scope of forestry courses in India

Forestry is a growing career option in India, with the rise in various forest-related issues that are sure to be a major threat in the near future, various government sectors and private sectors are gathering their resources in order to find new ways to provide sustainable growth and preserve the forests of the country. And regarding the scope of the course, it will keep growing and therefore we could consider that forestry has a huge scope in the near future. It is slowly proving to be a field of various career opportunities and an avenue where skills and knowledge could be put to great use. In short, we could say that forestry is a great career choice with immense scope for those who wish to pursue it.

Listed below are some of the various opportunities that are open to students who pursue the course of forestry, and it depicts the various fields in which they have scope.

Educational institutions

The major takeaway from the course of forestry is the knowledge that is gained since the course of forestry contains an immense amount of information regarding the various aspects of the forest. The knowledge gained over the duration of the course could be put to various use, and one among them is the process of “passing on the information” to the upcoming generations. Educational institutions are an effective platform in the passing of information, and they can be a medium to interact and communicate with various students who share the same interest and passions.

A forestry graduate can also become a professor in the various educational institutions that teach the particular subject, this allows them to pass on the information and it also acts as a great medium in gaining knowledge, since the students present there to share the same interest in forestry, it can be easy when it comes to communicating the knowledge.

In order to become a professor, a forestry graduate has to pass certain exams that would allow them to work in educational institutions. And considering the scope factor, the role of the professor is much more valuable and profitable than before. It is a sustainable career option and it gives rise to various other career options where they can pursue higher education such as Ph.D. by doing their research on the same institution.

Food companies

The scope of a forestry graduate joining the food industry is immense in the current scenario. When it comes to career options, a forestry graduate has various options to choose from, and it also gives them a chance to explore various fields. Food companies are one among the various industrial sectors which hire forestry graduates, they recruit them in order to make sure the food processing is done in the right way and that the raw materials are being put to maximum usage, and that nothing goes to waste. And since most of the raw materials are forest-based, the food industries take extra caution when it comes to acquiring the raw materials and processing them into the final product. They are keen to not deplete the raw material or push them into an endangered state that might threaten their existence, this is where the forestry graduates come in.

The forestry graduates’ job is to make sure the raw materials are not threatened in any way and that they are not being exploited. This exploitation factor has caused various threats to the plant and wildlife of the forest, and in order to balance the ecosystem of the forest, it is important to have personal who are well versed in the various aspects of the forest and its related aspects. Therefore, we can say that the scope for forestry graduates in the food industry is very much considerable and growing.

Biotechnology firms

Biotechnology is the field of technology where it procures and uses the various unique resources of biological organisms in order to develop and create new products that benefit humankind. Some common examples of products from biotechnological industries are medicines. Medicines are procured from various living and non-living organisms with the intervention of biotechnological firms that work to use their unique features to produce something that shall help humankind in various aspects.

The biotechnological industry is now one of the fastest-growing industry which employs more than a billion employees all around the world, and they mostly are from biological backgrounds. Since the biotechnological firms procure most of their raw materials from the forest areas, it is the job of forestry graduates to make sure that this act of procurement does not pose any threat to the plant and animal wildlife that coincide in the forest ecosystem.

The biotechnological firms however use the various resources available in order to produce something that might be useful, it also does various other activities that are potentially a threat to the forest resources. Their extensive act of raw material exploitation is something that is considered a futuristic threat. Therefore, biotechnological firms around the world are hiring forestry graduates to make sure they do not cross the line and that they give back more than they take.

Eligibility criteria for forestry


The eligibility criteria in order to pursue forestry courses required the candidate to have passed his or her 12th exit board exams, without any arrears. The candidate must have taken physics, chemistry, mathematics or physics, chemistry, biology group in their 11th and 12th grade. After the completion of the 12th grade the candidate must appear for the entrance exam, one common entrance exam is the AIEEA which stands for All India Entrance Exam of ICAR. This is the entrance exam for agricultural universities that provide forestry courses such as M. Sc and B. Sc in forestry. The candidate must pass the entrance exam in order to get selected to pursue the course, and after that, in some educational institutions, they conduct an interview to evaluate the candidate. These are the eligibility criteria to pursue the course of forestry.

Listed below are some of the most common entrance exams which the candidates have to appear to pursue the course.


ICAR stands for All India Entrance Exam for Admission (AIEEA). The Indian council of agriculture and research conducts these entrance exams annually for the admission of students into the agricultural universities pan India. Apart from conducting entrance exams the Indian Council of Agriculture and Research also conducts various exams in order to provide scholarships to students who are in need of financial assistance to complete or join the course.

Students who have completed 10th, 12th or their equivalent can apply for these entrance exams. These students must have completed their course from a recognized board such as the state board or the central board of secondary education, with more than 50% marks and without any arrears. They also must have taken physics, chemistry, mathematics or physics, chemistry, biology as their core subjects during their 11th and 12th grade. For stream A, the students must have passed 10th or 12th by choosing physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, agriculture, or home science as their core subjects. For stream B, the students must have taken physics, chemistry, and mathematics as their core subjects.

Since the entrance exam is PAN India, the rule suggests that the applicant must be an Indian citizen, and also the applicant should be 16 years or older during the given date of the exam.


GITAM institute of science and the governing body that conducts the particular entrance exam annually. This particular entrance exam is conducted in order to admit students under the various undergraduate and post-graduate programs that are offered by GITAM University. There are three locations where the GITAM universities operate, and these three locations are Vishakhapatnam, Hyderabad, and Bangalore. These are some of the most remote locations in the nation, and they are infamously known for their educational importance and reliance, and given the fact that they are some of the most rapidly developing cities in the nation, it is a suitable location to acquire some higher education.

In order to appear for the entrance exam, the candidate must have passed the 10th or 12th board exam from a recognized board that provides higher education to its students. The applicant must have passed the exit board exam with more than 60% aggregate marks in total and without any set of arrears or standing papers that might be a setback. Also, the applicant must have studied any science-based group during their higher education, that is 11th and 12th grade, such as physics, chemistry, and biology or mathematics.

Since the exam is conducted in both offline or online mode, the candidates are informed about the various rules and regulations about the entrance exam well in advance. The candidates are also asked to pay the required amount of fee that is required to attend the exam. Successfully registered candidates will be able to download the admit card which is necessary to attend the entrance exams and once the candidate passes the entrance exam then the counseling process takes place, this process allocated the students in the various sets available.

B.Sc forestry course in India


Bachelor of Science in forestry in an undergraduate course which spans over a time period of 4 years. This course teaches the basics of forestry and its various aspects which diverse into various specifications, and this acts as a base for all the necessary elements that are needed to become exemplary forestry professional.  B. Sc in forestry is the only course that takess about four years to fully cover the various aspects of the subject, right from the minute workings of the forest to the various key elements that constitute the ecosystem. This makes the course a crucial one to apprehend and understand, as some professionals feel that a four-year time span is not comprehensive enough to fully explore the subject.

List of top B. Sc forestry colleges in India

College name Affiliated university Cut off marks
Forest college & Research institute, Mettupalayam


TNAU Coimbatore 50% aggregate marks in exit board exams
College of Horticulture and Forestry, Pasighat


Central Agricultural University 50% aggregate marks in exit board exams
College of Forestry, Ponnampet

University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. 50% aggregate marks in exit board exams
Sir Syed College, Thaliparamba

The Kannur University 60% aggregate marks in exit board exams
Doon Business School, Dehradun

Uttarakhand Technical University 50% aggregate marks in exit board exams
Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore

Bharathiar University 60% aggregate marks in exit board exams
BFIT Group of Institutions, Dehradun


HNB Garhwal University 60% aggregate marks in exit board exams

Average fees for B. Sc forestry

– 1-2 lakhs per annum.

Admission criteria for B. Sc forestry

– 50% aggregate marks in exit board exams & passing of the entrance exam.

Types of jobs after B. Sc forestry

– Forester, Forest ranger, Forest officer, Forestry staff, Teacher, and Lecturer.

Average placement after B. Sc forestry –

MSc in Forestry:

Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, planting, using, maintaining, and repairing forests, wooded areas, and related resources for the benefit of people and the environment. Silviculture is carried out in plantations and natural stands. has elements related to the biological, physical, social, political, and business sciences

All people depend on forests and their biodiversity, some more than others Forestry is an important economic segment in several industrialized countries, with forests more than 86 million green Jobs offer and support the livelihood of many other people. In Germany, for example, forests cover almost a third of the earth’s surface, wood is the most important renewable raw material and forestry creates more than a million jobs and around 181 billion euros in added value for the German economy every year.

Over the past centuries, biological science was considered a separate science. With the increase of ecology and environmental science, there has been a rearrangement within the applied sciences. In line with this view, forestry may be a primary land-use science comparable to agriculture. below these headings, the basics behind the management of natural forests come by the manner of natural ecology. Forests or tree plantations, those whose primary purpose is that the extraction of forest products are planned and managed to utilize a combination of ecological and agroecological principles. In several regions of the planet, there’s an extended conflict between forest practices and alternative societal priorities resembling water quality, watershed preservation, property fishing, conservation, and species preservation

Eligibility criteria:

If you have passed your intermediate exam with the PCB group, you are admitted to this course. The duration of the B.Sc professional forestry course is 4 years.

There are many career growth in this area. Career exists in both the public and private sectors.


Public sector jobs include working in zoos, wildlife sanctuaries, companies with their own wood plantations, wildlife research institutes, the Indian Council for Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) and its affiliated institutes, wildlife department, forest department, national parks and sanctuaries, forest schools.

Master of Wildlife Science (2 years):

WII was commissioned to train biologists and administrators in protected area management and wildlife research. 1982 The Master of Wildlife Science was initiated in 1988 by WII.In the brief history of the planning and implementation of this M.Sc. The need for such a course has been recognized by nature conservation organizations since 1970. The first took the form of an all-India symposium on “The Role of University Teaching in Wildlife” organized by WII and Aligarh Muslim University in Aligarh earlier this year.

This symposium provided wildlife biologists and foresters with a platform for postgraduate studies to discuss and plan in wildlife sciences at the WII. The first M.Sc. in Wildlife Sciences was written in the WII and published in 1988 as a WII project document of the Food and Agriculture Organization. It was created by the University of Saurashtra and formed the basis for teaching the first and second M.Sc. The curriculum was revised in 1995, 1999, and 2001 to reflect advances in the discipline around the world and the changing needs of its application

Eligibility Criteria:

If you pass your mid-term exam with PCB Group, it is eligible for this course. The duration of the B.Sc professional forestry course is 4 years.

The job profiles in forestry are:

  • Forester
  • Forestry officer
  • Lecturers
  • Forest technician

Master of Science (M.Sc) Agroforestry:

Master of Science Agroforestry or Master of Science Agroforestry is a postgraduate course in agricultural sciences and technology. Agro-forestry refers to an integrated approach to harnessing the interactive benefits of combining trees and shrubs with crops and livestock; combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, and sustainable land-use systems. in agroforestry, it is two years and the curriculum is divided into major, secondary, basic, and elective subjects and is also job-oriented.

Eligibility for Master of Agroforestry:

prospective students have passed the four-year B.South Carolina. (Agri.) / University three-year bachelor’s / environmental science exam or an equivalent exam recognized by the university.

Second, those who have achieved at least 50% of the overall grade in the traditional system or an OGPA of 2.5 / 4, 3.5 / 5, 4.0 / 6, and 6.5 / 10 in the student credit system can do so.

applicants who have acquired more than one (1) 3rd division or an equivalent OGPA (GPA) in their academic career cannot be admitted to the entrance exam.

List of top forestry courses college is India: Name of the institution city
1 Forest College and Research Institute, Mettupalayam.
2 College of Horticulture and Forestry Pasighat


3 College of Forestry Ponnampet


4 Sir Syed College  Thaliparamba


5 Doon Business School  Dehradun


6 Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History  Coimbatore


7 BFIT Group of Institutions, Dehradun




8 Doon PG College of Agriculture Science and Technology, Dehradun




9 Roorkee College of Engineering, Roorkee




10 Dolphin PG College of Science and Agriculture, Fatehgarh Sahib




Average for M.Sc forestry fees

  • 4.0 / 6 and 6.5 / 10 in the student loan system can keep

jobs after graduation

  • Educational institutions.
  • Seed companies and nurseries.
  • Forest services.
  • Food Businesses.

Average placement after the course

  • 6L / year


 Ph.D. in forestry:

A doctorate is also known as a doctorate in philosophy or a doctorate, but this does not necessarily imply that philosophy was the subject of study. Students can do a doctorate in practically any subject. A doctorate has an advanced degree as a bachelor’s or master’s degree. It has the highlight of a long-term study and indicates the highest academic achievements. Most Ph.D. students are required to complete a Ph.D. thesis demonstrating that they have made unique contributions in the field, usually through original research.

What is a Ph.D. in Forestry?

This type of degree has been awarded to a student who has become an expert in forestry or forest ecology. The program can include a variety of advanced science courses with a special focus on botany, biology, and ecology. Courses such as forest genetics, forest tree breeding, and tree physiology can focus on the physical and genetic aspects of a tree. Other courses, such as ecoinformatics and forest growth, landscape maintenance and management, and forestry and forest ecology, can examine the competing needs of trees. Forestry and environmental protection. Colleges/universities offering Ph.D. in forestry: Name of the institution  City
1 Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh
2 Integral University Lucknow
3 Punjab Agricultural University Punjab
4 Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University Haryana


5 Amity University, Noida
6 Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya




7 GBPUAT Pantnagar – Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology


8 Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology and Science


Uttar Pradesh
9 Tamil Nadu Agricultural University


10 NERIST Nirjuli – North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology


Arunachal Pradesh


Average fees for Ph.D. in forestry

  • 3 Lakhs

Admission criteria for Phd in forestry

  • Post Graduation

Average placement after PhD

  • 4.8 L

What to do after phd in forestry

Prerequisites for income a Ph.D. in Forestry are just like maximum different topics. You will want to have finished a bachelor’s or master’s diploma application, publish your respectable transcripts, in addition to, offer letters of recommendation, and feature splendid GRE scores.

Your Ph.D. application will take about 4 years to complete. The application is an in-depth studies application designed for individuals who would really like to educate on the college stage or behavior studies at authorized universities, woodland product companies, or perhaps, authorities agencies. Most likely, you may be required to paintings an internship with a forestry or conservation agency.

Coursework can range substantially relying on your specialization, however, you could anticipate research withinside the plant, tree, and desert animal species, in addition to, silviculture, soil compositions and conservation, woodland preservation, botany, tree physiology, and forestry control. You may look at flora and fauna biology, weather extrude, and ecology.

Job roles after phd in forestry

  • Fire Ecologist
  • Silviculturist
  • Soil Scientist
  • Forest Logging Manager
  • Wildland Firefighter

Forestry Job roles &tiers in India

A forester oversees the woodlands of forests. Forester guarantees the sustainability of the woodland’s land through preserving an eye fixed on unlawful sports including poaching, deforestation, and different herbal calamities too. Also forester engages himself or herself withinside the harvesting bushes and developing greater woodland regions, holding flora and fauna through saving their herbal habitats.  And forester plans the advent of an unique wood plan to make certain the safety of herbal sources. He or she is answerable for forestry regulation enforcement. Foresters are specialised of their respective regions including wood forestry and conservation forestry. A forester video display units the ecological effect of harvesting wood. The privately-owned wood organizations appoint wood foresters. Timbers foresters oversee the farms and woodland lands of the privately-owned wood organizations. They are answerable for harvesting bushes, approval of wood harvesting plans, searching after yields, choosing bushes for harvesting.

Fire Ecologist:

Fire ecology is a systematic field worried with herbal strategies related to hearthplace in an surroundings and the ecological effects, the interactions among hearthplace and the abiotic and biotic additives of an surroundings, and the function as an surroundings process. Many ecosystems, specially prairie, savanna, chaparral and coniferous forests, have developed with hearthplace as an important contributor to habitat energy and renewal.[1] Many plant species in hearthplace-affected environments require hearthplace to germinate, establish, or to reproduce. Wildfire suppression now no longer best gets rid of those species, however additionally the animals that rely on them.

Campaigns withinside the United States have traditionally molded public opinion to agree with that wildfires are continually dangerous to nature. This view is primarily based totally at the old ideals that ecosystems development towards an equilibrium and that any disturbance, including hearthplace, disrupts the concord of nature. More current ecological studies has shown, however, that fireplaceside is an indispensable issue withinside the characteristic and biodiversity of many herbal habitats, and that the organisms inside those groups have tailored to withstand, or even to exploit, herbal wildfire

The Average Salary for beginner: 1.9L

And Average earnings for mid: experienced- 2- 5 L

Also Average earnings for high: experienced- 3.9


These people paintings without delay with bushes, reading the regeneration, best, composition, and increase of the bushes in a woodland and different regions. They are well-skilled in recognizing pests and ailment that might ravage wooded area regions, Silviculture is the exercise of controlling the increase, composition/shape, and best of forests to satisfy values and needs, especially wood production.

The call comes from the Latin silvi- (‘woodland’) and culture (‘developing’). The look at of forests and woods is named silvology. Silviculture additionally makes a speciality of ensuring that the treatment(s) of woodland stands are used to preserve and enhance their productivity.

Generally, silviculture is the technology and artwork of developing and cultivating woodland crops, primarily based totally on a know-how of silvics (the look at of the life-records and trendy traits of woodland bushes and stands, with specific connection with local/nearby factors). In specific, silviculture is the exercise of controlling the status quo and control of woodland stands.

The difference among forestry and silviculture is that silviculture is implemented on the stand-stage, even as forestry is a broader concept. Adaptive control is not unusualplace in silviculture, even as forestry can encompass herbal/conserved land with out stand-stage control and remedies being implemented.

The Average Salary for beginner: 2.5L

And Average earnings for mid- L

Also Average earnings for high- experienced-

Soil Scientist:

A soil scientist seems on the composition and fitness of soil in addition to land and water sources. They have a take a observe forests and the soil there, consisting of how they develop and extrade with chemical substances and herbal strategies. Their time is regularly cut up among lab paintings and fieldwork.

Soil technology has the look at of soil as a herbal useful resource at the floor of the Earth consisting of soil formation, type and mapping; bodily, chemical, biological, and fertility homes of soils; and those homes on the subject of the use and control of soils

Sometimes phrases which consult with branches of soil technology, including pedology (formation, chemistry, morphology, and type of soil) and edaphology (how soils have interaction with residing things, specifically plants), used as though synonymous with soil technology. The range of names related to this field has associated with the diverse institutions worried. Indeed, engineers, agronomists, chemists, geologists, bodily geographers, ecologists, biologists, microbiologists, silviculturists, sanitarians, archaeologists, and experts in nearby planning, all make contributions to in addition know-how of soils and the development of the soil sciences

Soil scientists have raised issues approximately the way to keep soil and arable land in a global with a developing population, feasible destiny water crisis, growing in keeping with capita meals consumption, and land degradation

The Average Salary for beginner- 1.0L

And Average earnings for mid- experienced-1.75L

Also Average earnings for high- experienced- 4.0L

Forest Logging Manager:

These managers cognizance at the legal, economic, social, and admin of woodland regulation. These can take care of problems from all facets and discover a exact stability among social, economic, conservation, and enterprise needs, specifically for logging organizations.

Forest control is a dept of forestry worried with average admin, legal, economic, and social factors. In addition to medical and technical factor, including silviculture, safety, and woodland regulation. This consists of control for wood, aesthetics, recreation, city values, water, flora and fauna, inland and near shore fisheries, timber merchandise. The plant genetic sources, and different wood land useful resource values. The targets may be for conservation, utilisation, or a aggregate of the two. Techniques encompass wood extraction, planting and replanting of various species, constructing. Upkeep of roads and pathways thru forests, and stopping hearthplace.

Some forests were and controlled to acquire conventional woodland merch including firewood. Also fiber for paper, and wood, with little wondering for different merch and services. Nevertheless, due to the development of awareness, control of forests for a couple of use has turning into greater not unusual place.

Average Salary for beginner- 1.0L

Earnings for mid- experienced-1.75L

And Average earnings for high- experienced-4.0L

Wildland Firefighter:

These hearthplace specialists paintings to contain, manage, and manage wildfires in forests and different regions of dense vegetation. They use specialised system for those duties, in addition to for patrol, detection, prevention, and prescribed burns.

Wildfire suppression is a number of firefighting strategies used to suppress wildfires. Firefighting efforts in wild land regions require one of a kind techniques, system, and schooling from the greater acquainted shape hearthplace preventing determined in populated regions. Working at the side of specifically designed aerial firefighting aircraft, those wildfire-skilled crews suppress flames, assemble hearthplace lines, and extinguish flames and regions of warmth to shield sources and herbal desert. Wildfire suppression additionally addresses the problems of the wildland–city interface, wherein populated regions border with wild land regions.

In the US and different countries, competitive wildfire suppression geared toward minimizing hearthplace has contributed to accumulation of gasoline loads, growing the chance of large, catastrophic fires. This is the wildland firefighterAverage Salary for beginner- 2.0L

Average salary for mid- experienced-3.75L

Average salary for high- experienced-6.0L

FAQs in Forestry

Is there a course in forestry?

Yes, plenty of forestry courses available in India, in fact various fields of forestry. These courses which has taught throughout the country. India is a country which has a rich tapestry in forest and forest related factors. Such as wildlife and flora which makes it one of the most eligible nations to teach the course of forestry. Around 22% of the nation has forest which can be further divided into dense, moderately dense. And open forest for convenience. Although as normal citizens we don’t have to order them. As such and all these forests in one way or another as they support an ecosystem of flora and fauna.

The forests play an essential role in keeping the ecosystem in balance and preserving it from tipping either way. Which might have a huge impact. And forestry courses are keen on teaching ways to keep the natural life. In balance and preserve the forests from human interference and use. We humans are responsible for the deforestation of more than 70% of the total forest land mass. Along with the rich wild and plant life that associated with it. This act of unruliness has led to extinction of verities of plants and animals. Which have been key aspects of forests.

The forestry courses therefore divided into a variety of specified sections. Which lean on to one important factor of the forest such as plants, trees and animals. The ecosystem comprises of variety of factors which ensures a harmony. Among the land mass which forestry courses tend to take care and protect from various harms that it might face.

What is the scope of forestry?

The course of forestry tends to pay importance to all forest related aspects and therefore it dives deep into the various aspects. That comprises a forest such as wildlife and plant life. The rich ecological system is what makes the forest life unique and separate. It from other ecological systems such as the marine life. And given the fact that in recent times the forests in our globe have been suffering a lot of threats from mankind. Other natural calamities such as forest fires and landslides. This has paved the way for various world governments to shift their focus onto forest related factors. This process has given rise to the increase in demand for educated personnel who have valuable knowledge. In the preservations of forest and its ecosystem.

The world government has been pooling its resources in order to make sure that the forest don’t go extinct. And that it is not too late to save them. This mindset has become a great advantage to forestry related officials who work to preserve the forest. This has eventually given rise to various other factors that come into play. In order to ensure the preservation of forest. Some common examples are the rise in number of vacancies for forest related jobs. Such as forest department inspector and many other jobs pertaining to the soul purpose of saving forests.

Therefore, when it comes to the scope of forestry and forest related activities there are more than enough jobs. And scopes than it was 10 or 20 years ago. The scope of a forestry degree graduate has increased more. Led to more potential students joining the course as they sense the amount of scope. That it has to offer and the various need that can be utilised. So, to conclude and summaries the above written sentences we can in short say that the scope. For forestry seems to pretty uprising and relevant.

What is the fee structure of forestry courses?

The fee structure for the forestry courses is totally dependent on the educational institute. Which teach the particular course to its students. Currently in India there are only a handful of courses that teach the particular course. Although the colleges that teach the particular course are only few in number the amount of educational quality. The education provided in these institutes are top notch with any institute in and around the nation. These colleges also focus on the various branch that are with the course of forestry. And by doing so they tend to cover mostly all the related course. This allows the students who interested in the course of forestry to pursue the course. They seem to have a liking to. And thus allowing a sense of free will and choosing power to the students.

The fee structure that has related to forestry courses more with the arts courses that has taught in the nation. Since the course of forestry has not a science and neither an art. It easily falls under the category where forestry courses has neither science nor art. This allows the educational institute to charge only as much as the arts colleges charge. The students and thus, we can say that fee structure for any forestry course costs. Only about what a conventional arts course would cost.

This also creates an sense of understanding and clarity about the subject in many ways but we still don’t have a sure evidence that all the educational institutions of the nation that teach the particular subject charge the same as arts & sciences courses. Some common fee structure of institutes that teach the particular subject. And are somewhere around 2 to 3 lakhs per annum from their students.

Average salary after forestry course?

The average salary after the immediate completion of the course could lie anywhere between 1 to 2 lakhs per annum. Given the fact that forestry courses are highly related to arts and science. And also, the higher salary denotes the number of years of experience the particular person. This has with respect to the field in which they have been working on. This year of experience is what pays the money for them. Therefore we can say that any student who has just completed the forestry course. They can only pertain to an annual salary of about 1 to 2 lakhs. Which in most cases in far better and worthwhile.

The salary increases along with the number of years in which the person has worked in that particular field, in this case forestry. Forestry unlike any other subject can’t be learned fully on the classroom. Although the professors who teach the subject try their best to visualise and illuminate the context of the subject. In a way that makes it more interesting to their students, they fully cannot teach the context of the subjects. In a classroom and in a duration of four years. It more of a practical subject which requires more attentiveness and dedication. And compared to other courses there has, this makes it a point for the students. Those who have just completed the forestry course to make sure that they learn as much as possible. And even after the course has ended.

And therefore, like mentioned above we can be sure that the salary depends on the knowledge and intelligence. Of the person regarding to the course and field of forestry. Although there are several other job need that does not require much knowledge on the said field. Rather than in aspects where they need to protect and conserve the elements of the forest using various methods.

Is it worth pursing the forestry course?

Yes! absolutely worth it. Since the rise of human population, the forest. It related elements have seen a drastic recline in population and numbers. And it has high time that governments and other national and various agencies. Like UNESCO and PETA pool their resources in the protection and prevention of the forest resources. That has spread across the globe. This gives the immense need for those who wish to pursue the course of forestry to provide a helping hand. Also, save nature as we know it, and it also provides them with an opportunity. And to come up with various ways to increase the forest area and thereby. Also, helping to preserve it in the way of afforestation. The vast majority of youth prefer any other course over forestry course as they believe.

There has not enough scope after the completion of the course and that they are unnoticed at their work. But in reality, the forestry course is much different than their past notions and beliefs. This has led to only a few students who prefer the course willingly. And tend to make sure that they benefit from the course. And like most of the courses that the mass prefers such as engineering and arts. The forestry courses contain all the elements that help the students. Also, to reach greater heights and become successful at work. But there has a level of secrecy and that has attached to it. That still barricades the mass from preferring the course.

To conclude the statement, I can say that the course of forestry is much more worth of pursuing. And that it provides its students with all the necessary ailments and infrastructure. To become what they need and achieve their goals at the same time. And it also comes with the added benefit of helping. To save the environment and its related factors.

What are the job prospects of this course?

The jobs prospects are as vast the course itself, in many ways the forestry course helps its students. Also, to pursue various career options that are in relations with the forestry. Since in the course of forestry itself, the jobs are none the less different. And they too provide with some varied sense of career options and scope. That lets the students achieve the goals they set out to achieve.

The career prospects are as important as in any other course in the nation. And they also provide the students with equal need to outshine the students. From other courses and departments. However, that forestry courses do not produce such elite career choices is a fake idea. And that the job need can be slim to almost no jobs available. This comes from the long history of human behaviour where our youth have preferred other courses over forestry. Some courses like MBBS and arts have held the top positions amongst the student community.

This mass false has been around the forestry course for so long now. That only a handful of students prefer the course over other courses. This has led the forestry course to go down in the list of preferred courses among the youth. And also given the fact the people nowadays prefer to work in places of development. Or at places that have already grown. This also has paved the way for the destruction of forests and their related ailments on the course as said before.

Such as wildlife and fauna. This mass way has led to the depletion of nearly 70% of the forest landmass. That was once populated on earth. And although humans know the reason for such mass depletion of land which was once forests. They still tend to work on sectors that destroy and occupy forests for other purposes. Such as industrial works and much more.

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List of Universities offering Forestry
List of Universities