Criminal Law: Meaning, Types, Scope, Courses, Jobs & More (2021)

Criminal law is the body of law dealing with crime. It defines behavior that is viewed as safety and moral welfare of oneself.

The vast majority of criminal law is established through statute, which means that the laws are adopted by a legislature. Also, it encompasses the punishment and rehabilitation of those who break the law.

It varies by jurisdiction and is distinct from civil law, which focuses on dispute resolution and victim compensation rather than punishment or rehabilitation. Criminal procedure is a formalized official action that establishes the occurrence of a crime and permits penal or rehabilitative treatment for the offender.

Types of criminal lawyer courses

  • LLM in Criminal Law
  • Ph.D. in Criminal Law
  • LLM in Criminal Justice and Administrative Law
  • BA LLB (Hons) in Criminal Law
  • LLM in criminal and security law

Table of Contents

Criminal Law course Skill Set Requirements

Candidates pursuing criminal law course should possess the following abilities:

Writing and speaking skills — Lawyers must have strong oral and written advocacy skills to argue a client’s case in court and persuade the jury.

Research and investigation skills – The lawyer should conduct research and investigate the case to establish a strong case for the client and vigorously defend it.

Creative and analytical skills – Creative thinking will assist the lawyer in developing a strategy that he can present in court, while analytical skills will assist him inaccurately analyzing the case and developing relevant methods.

What is Criminal Law?

Criminal law is defined as “a system of laws concerned with the punishment of individuals who commit crimes.” It is a subdivision of the legal system and a different branch from civil law. It is crucial to grasp the distinction between “criminal law” and “criminal justice” when looking for the appropriate program to match your interests and assist you to develop your professional goals.

Criminal justice is more policy-oriented, providing students with a deeper grasp of the larger legal system, which includes policing, courts, corrections, and its application. Consider criminal justice if you want a larger overview of the legal system or if you wish to start at the associate’s degree level. on the other hand, it focuses in-depth on the legal aspects of crimes committed; this can be studied at the graduate level and also needs a bachelor’s degree. The criminal law syllabus are Legal Research, Law Ethics, Penology & Victimology, IPC, CrPC, Juvenile Justice, Narcotics. Most students go on to become criminal lawyers and practice this form of law.

History of Criminal Law

According to the adaptationist view of criminal law’s start, laws against wrongdoing may have their origins in justice intuitions that are part of universal human nature. This idea claims that rules may be traced back to brain processes and original selection forces. According to this idea, even if they lack explicit information, laypeople may spontaneously reproduce the laws of familiar and foreign civilizations. To test this assumption, we perform experiments using centuries Chinese and Sumerian laws; stimuli that retain the legal reasoning of ancient legislators in fossil-like form.

We demonstrate that laypeople’s justice intuitions closely correspond to the logic and content of those antique laws. We also find interrelations across other forms of justice intuitions, including the interpersonal evaluation of offenders, moral wrongness judgments, mock-legislated penalties, and offender humiliation, suggesting that numerous justice intuitions may be governed by a shared social-evaluative psychology. Although alternative explanations for these findings are possible, we show that they are compatible with the premise that criminology evolved from a cognitively sophisticated human nature.

Types of Criminal Law

LLB

Bachelor’s courses are the most popular because a huge number of students want to pursue a full-time degree. It focuses on criminal law course and criminal justice, providing information on how the criminal justice framework works, as well as an understanding of crimes and their impact on society.

Also,Bachelor of Criminal Law course in Engineering is a three-year program. The training is divided into six parts, each lasting six months. Admission is obtained by simply applying on the college’s website or through an entrance exam.

Students who desire to devote their full time to the area and build a long-term career should enroll in a bachelor’s degree program. In the beginning, graduates can expect to earn an average salary of INR 2 – 6 LPA. Your income may grow based on your experience.

LLM

Masters in Criminal Law courses in India are typically pursued by students who are dissatisfied with a bachelor’s degree and desire to deal with purposeful injury to persons, which are, in a broader sense, crimes against humanity. In most situations, master’s programs last two to three years.

Master courses sharpen students’ and qualified applicants’ skills in locating and apprehending offenders to reduce crime in society. Admission is also obtained through a series of entrance examinations.

Even students who want to go into research should take master’s courses because they will be required to take a Ph.D. course. After finishing a master’s degree, the typical pay ranges between Rs 4 and Rs 10 Lakh Per Annum. Many experts have seen their earnings increase significantly.

PhD

Doctorate Criminal Law courses in India are primarily taken by people who wish to pursue a career in research. This course has a minimum duration of 2-5 years, although it can be extended depending on the institution. Following their Ph.D., students may pursue careers as teachers and professors in universities. Ph.D. students get an average salary of INR 5 – 10 LPA.

How is Admission to Doctorate in Criminal Law courses in India Handled?

Admission to doctoral programs is based on both an entrance exam and a merit-based system. CUCET, Banaras Hindu University Research Entrance Test, UGC NET, DUET, and more tests are available for admission to Ph.D. programs. Some colleges admit students based on their academic performance. For entrance to the Doctorate Course, students must have a post-graduate grade point average of 60%.

Scope of Criminal Law in India

The following are the criminal law scope in India

As the number of criminal cases in the world has increased, this profession has experienced a boom in new opportunities. Lawyers appear in court to defend their clients who have been charged with a crime. When the government hires these lawyers, they are referred to as public defenders.

Private criminal lawyer jobs are also available to them.

One can begin their careers as assistants to a professional and well-known criminal lawyer after finishing criminal law courses in India. They can begin working alone once they have learned enough about how to win a case. Also, they serve as both a council and an advocate for their customers.

A lawyer’s job is difficult since they must work long hours on a specific case. They must communicate with the clients and gather information and facts through questioning witnesses. Yet, they contact the police and research the facts of the case.

They can also get into the criminal law scope in India like

  • Criminal lawyer
  • Standing counsel
  • Lecturer
  • Government advocate
  • Additional public prosecutor
  • Legal advisor
  • Government pleader
  • Criminal law practitioner

Eligibility Criteria for Criminal Law in India

The eligibility criteria for criminal law courses in India are explained below. Candidates with these eligibilities can apply for this course

The candidate must have completed with an aggregate of 50 – 60% of marks in 12th in a recognized state board or central board of education.

To get admission for a PG in criminal law course, the aspirant must have a UG degree with 50 – 60 percent of marks in graduation in a recognized university.

Some institute has their eligibility criteria designed. The candidates with eligibility can apply for this course. The candidate must check every condition set by the college or university that they target for admission.

Criminal Law Entrance Exams

The details of CLAT, KLEE, LSAT, AILET, and other top bachelor course entrance tests are listed below

AILET (All India Law Entrance Test)

This exam determines admission to UG, PG, and Ph.D. programs. This is a university-level test for the National Law University of Delhi. This exam is 1.5 hours long and is given offline. Top Criminal Law Courses in India.

CLAT (Common Law Admission Test)

This exam determines admission to UG and PG law programs. NLUs and a variety of other colleges/universities provide admission based on this exam score. Students taking this exam must have completed their 10+2 exams with a minimum of 45 percent aggregate marks. This exam is two hours long and is given offline. CLAT is a test for admission to the Bachelor Course in Criminal Law course.

LSAT (Law School Admission Test)

This exam is used to give admission to UG and PG programs throughout India. Before the exam, students are shortlisted based on their grades, and only those students are permitted to take the exam. This exam is 2 and a half hours long and is given offline. The exam includes 23 questions in Analytical Reasoning or Logical Reasoning, as well as Reading Comprehension.

KIITEE (Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Examination)

It is a university-level online test for UG and PG programs. It takes place in July. To sit for this exam, students must have finished their 10+2 examination or any other similar examination from a board recognized by the college for UG admission, and their graduation for PG admission. It is a three-hour exam.

AIBE (All India Bar Test) –

This is a national-level examination for the postgraduate and doctoral programs. It is an open book exam that assesses students’ analytical abilities in relation to core law subjects. Students in the general category must obtain a minimum of 40% and students in the SC/ST category must obtain a minimum of 35% to pass this exam. Students taking this exam should have a 3- or 5-year LLB degree. This exam is three and a half hours long and is given offline.
Other frequent admission exams, such as RULET, focus on the overall undergraduate courses of respective universities.

Top Criminal Law Courses in India

Top Criminal Law Courses for Bachelors in India

  1. BA LLB (Hons) in Criminal Law.

The BA LLB (Hons). Criminal law courses in India is a popular legal specialty. Also, it encompasses the laws, legislation, and regulations that define the activity that is illegal because it endangers or hurts public safety and welfare. The Criminal law courses in India also establishes the penalties that can be imposed on an individual or group of persons who violate any law.

As a result, it is concerned with offenses committed against society or the state. Criminal law courses in India is one of the old branches of the law. A person pursuing this legal specialty interviews clients, interrogates witnesses, conducts trials, correlates proof/findings, prepares a case for defending his/her client, and questions and cross-examines witnesses in court.

Candidates can pursue both undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) programs in criminal law course. Candidates in UG level studies must study integrated law programs to specialize in the topic of Criminal Legal, but candidates in PG level law degrees can specialize in right away. LLM Criminal Law course, LLM in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice and Administrative Law, LLM in Business Law, LLM in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, and so on are some common PG level in the topic of Criminal Law course.

Candidates can also study diploma and certificate courses in this field in addition to these degree programs. Certificate in Criminal Litigation and Trial Advocacy, Post Graduate Diploma in Criminal Law course, Post Graduate Diploma in Criminal Justice, and other similar courses are popular.

Little more about criminal law courses

Bachelor’s courses are the most popular since a huge number of students want to pursue a full-time degree. Bachelor of Arts in Criminal Law courses in India is a Bachelor’s degree program. It focuses on criminal law and criminal justice, providing information on how the criminal justice framework works, as well as an understanding of infractions and their impact on society. The criminal law syllabus are Research, Law Ethics, Penology & Victimology, IPC, CrPC, Juvenile Justice, Narcotics,

Bachelor of Criminal Law course in Engineering is a three-year program. The training is divided into six parts, each lasting six months. Students must pass the main exam after each year to be promoted to the following year. Admission is obtained by simply applying on the college’s website or through an entrance exam. Students who desire to devote their full time to the area and build a long-term career should enrol in a bachelor’s degree program. In the beginning, graduates can expect to earn an average salary of INR 2 – 6 LPA. Your income may grow based on your experience.

List of Top BA LLB (Hons) in Criminal Law course Colleges in India

College Name

Affiliated University

Cut off

Mahatma Gandhi Law College Acharya Nagarjuna University
National Education Foundation Law College Gauhati University
NIMS University
Banaras Hindu University

Average Fees for BA LLB (Hons) in Criminal Law: Rs 60,000 to 5 lakhs

Admission Criteria for BA LLB (Hons) in Criminal Law:

  • Candidates must have completed Class 12 in any subject from a recognized school.
  • Candidates must have a Class 12 grade point average of 45-50.
  • There is no upper age limit for taking the course.

Types of Jobs after BA LLB (Hons) in Criminal Law:

  • Cyber Law
  • Judicial Service
  • Public Prosecutor
  • Academics and Research
  • Company Secretary
  • Business Law
  • Judge

Average Placements after BA LLB (Hons) in Criminal Law :

Top Criminal Law Courses for Masters in India

LLM is an abbreviation for Master of Legislative Laws. The LLM program has a comprehensive core curriculum that includes topics such as Law and Social Transformation in India, Constitutionalism, Legal Research and Methodology, Judicial Process, and others. LLM programs offer a variety of specializations, including International Law, Criminal Law course, Corporate Law, and Taxation Law. The sections that follow will go into greater detail about LLM programs.

LLM, or Master of Laws, is a worldwide recognized postgraduate degree that can be pursued by individuals from a variety of academic disciplines, while students having an LLB background are given precedence. The LLM degree, on the other hand, is appropriate for students who want to expand their legal knowledge in a specific area of law.

Who Should Pursue an LLM Degree?

Students must have completed an undergraduate degree in law from a recognized university with a minimum of 60 percent aggregate marks, as well as pass any of the law entrance tests such as CLAT, LSAT, AILET, and so on, to pursue an LLM.

The Students who aspire to work in legal writing or become professors at prestigious law schools should consider combining LLM and LLD courses after graduation.

Students who desire to pursue a profession in law with a concentration should enroll in the LLM Course.

Almost every student practicing law or working in the legal area can benefit from LLM Distance Education.

What is the significance of LLM?

After graduating from a top legal school, it is critical to pursue an LLM program. An LLM program will help you get started in your legal profession. Listed below are a few of the most compelling reasons to pursue LLM programs.

Prepares Students for a Worldwide Profession: LLM degrees with a specialization in International Law will assist students in making a name in the international forum and eventually assisting them in making a career in the international legal realm, ensuring a lucrative career ahead.

Your Interests are Narrowed: Unlike undergraduate law courses, which cover law in general, LLM courses allow you to specialize in a specific topic. This finally allows you to focus on the subject and give it greater attention.

Diverse Specializations: The array of specialties available in LLM courses will assist students in establishing a career in a wide range of specializations such as International Law, Corporate Law, Labor Law, Human Rights, and so on.

Pursue a Career in Legal Writing & Research: Depending on your LLM specialization, completing LLD after LLM allows you to pursue a career in legal research and writing.

Improved Job Prospects: A degree in LLM will provide you with a higher wage and more prospects than a conventional bachelor’s degree in law.

LLM: Course actual details

The fundamental eligibility criteria for LLM are a 3-year LLB degree or a 5-year BA LLB or BSc LLB or BCA LLB degree with 50-60% grades from a recognized university.

LLM fees range from INR 1,000,000 to INR 4,00,000 in government universities and INR 4,00,000 in private colleges. LLM Colleges such as Jamia Millia Islamia offer LLM courses for as little as INR 18,000.

National Law Institute University, National Law School of India University (NLSIU), NALSAR University of Law, and others are among the best LLM colleges in India.

Students can also pursue LLM Abroad from Harvard University, London School of Economics, Cambridge, and other prestigious institutions to gain worldwide recognition.

LLM Distance Education is also available from Annamalai University for the low fee of INR 19,300.

Students can choose LLM specialties based on their interests and inclinations, such as International law or Corporate law.

Candidates who want to pursue a career in legal research and teaching can pursue an LLD (Doctor of Law) degree after completing an LLM.

Students with an average LLM Salary of roughly INR 5-10 LPA can work in legal services in both the private and public sectors, as well as as a lawyer, advocate, legal counsel, and others.

1) LLM in Criminal Law course

Criminal law courses in India is a discipline of law that is only concerned with crime. The course entails a thorough examination of major legislation and rules in areas such as crime and police prevention, victim roles and legitimate rights, sentencing and other judicial decisions, and the use of custodial and non-custodial penalties, among others.

It is a three-year post-graduate deal with intentional harm to individuals, which are, in a broader sense, offenses against humanity. The course is meant to train qualified applicants in locating and apprehending offenders to reduce crime in society and create a peaceful environment in which to live.

L.L.B. or B.A.-L.L.B from a recognized university is required for enrollment in the course. The typical annual course fee in India is between INR 3 and 5 Lacs, depending on the institute. Successful course postgraduates are hired in domains such as Criminal Tribunals, National Legal Institutions, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, with an average starting pay ranging between INR 3 and 10 Lacs, growing with the candidate’s skill in the field.

Eligible applicants interested in pursuing the course should ideally have a creative mind, as the job needs them to address hypothetical legal concerns regarding criminal charges. Such candidates would be eager to contribute to the domains of law, the judiciary, and other related fields.

Eligibility for an L.L.M. in Criminal Law course

Candidates seeking admission to the course must have completed either a three-year L.L.B. (Bachelor of Laws) degree or a five-year B.A.-L.L.B. degree from a recognized university, with a minimum aggregate score of 55 percent. Many institutes prefer students with professional experience; consequently, candidates should have a minimum of 24 months of job experience.

List of Top L.L.M. in Criminal Law course Colleges in India

College Name

Affiliated University

Cut off

Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU)
Amity university
Ambedkar law university
Indian Institute of Technology

Average Fees for L.L.M. in Criminal Law: 1.47 Lakhs

Admission Criteria for L.L.M Criminal Law:

Admission to the L.L.M Criminal Law course is based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant national or state entrance exam, personal interview to assess the candidate’s aptitude for the course.

The following are some of the major entrance tests held in India for admission to L.L.M. programs in this feild.

PG CLAT PG CLAT PG CLAT PG CL (Common Law Admission Test for L.L.M. course)

ILI CAT (Indian Law Institute Common Admission Test) IPU CET (All India Law Entrance Test for L.L.M. course) AILET PG

Types of Jobs after L.L.M Criminal Law:

  • Detective
  • Criminologists
  • Forensic Science Technician
  • Criminal Lawyer
  • Lecturer/ Professor

Average Placements after L.L.M. in Criminal Law:

2) LLM in International Law

The LLM in International Law is a one- or two-year degree that focuses on the complexities of international law. It is the second most frequent LLM specialization in India.

The main topics covered in this course are Jurisprudence and Constitutional Law, with an emphasis on their global aspects.

For the LLM International Law program, each college has its unique admissions process and eligibility criteria. Students must have at least a 50 percent GPA in their undergraduate law course to be considered for admission to this program.

Admission to this program will be based on merit or the marks received by students in entrance exams such as CLAT, AILET, and so on.

LLM International Law is offered in some of India’s top engineering schools. Postgraduates who complete this degree will be able to find jobs in a variety of areas such as banks, law firms, international organizations, and so on.

An LLM International Law degree holder’s annual income ranges from INR 3,00,000 to 10,00,000 INR. After completing this course, students will be able to obtain work as a government official, court officer, academic researcher/teacher, corporate lawyer, and so on.

After completing the LLM International course, students can pursue a Ph.D. in International Law, a Ph.D. in Criminology, an LLD, or another degree.

How can I get into a reputable LLM International Law college?

A variety of variables must be considered to gain admission to a top-ranked LLM International Law school. Some of the following suggestions will be useful in this regard.

Because the CLAT exam is the most generally accepted entry score for this course, potential applicants should concentrate on CLAT preparation. This includes rigorous preparation, such as practicing with many mock papers, pacing themselves, and going over the curriculum thoroughly.

Candidates can take some extra steps to ensure a spot in their selected Institute in addition to being rigorous in their Entrance Exam preparation. This can involve being adequately prepared for the college’s interview.

Candidates should have a clear understanding of why they want to take the course, what they want to gain from it, and so on. These suggestions will improve a candidate’s chances of admission.

Furthermore, candidates must have clear declarations of aim as well as any prior publications in their subject. These will be reviewed by the Institute during the PI.

Many institutions additionally value and prefer students who have a well-documented record of any past employment experience. This can involve being adequately prepared for the college’s interview.

Candidates should have a clear understanding of why they want to take the course, what they want to gain from it, and so on. These suggestions will improve a candidate’s chances of admission.

Furthermore, candidates must have clear declarations of aim as well as any prior publications in their subject. These will be reviewed by the Institute during the PI (personal interview).

Many institutions additionally value and prefer students who have a well-documented record of any past employment experience.

Why pursue an LLM in International Law?

There are numerous compelling reasons to pursue this program, some of which are listed below:

LLM International Law is one of the most lucrative legal specializations for postgraduate students in India right now. It is the second most common path for people interested in a career in law.

Graduates of this degree are in great demand in the current economic climate due to the fast rise of MNCs and international corporations in India.

Another prominent reason applicants choose to study this specialty is the present rise in political tensions among global states. There is also a need for lawyers who are knowledgeable with International Law and Jurisprudence, Multinational Treaties, and Transnational Relations.

Graduates of this course will be prepared to deal with a variety of International Human Rights issues, in addition to the aforementioned. This is advantageous in light of the current immigrant and refugee crises confronting various nations across the world.

As the globe becomes more globalized, governments must have the intellectual capital to deal with changes in trade and tax systems. Whether the chosen course lasts one or two years, the knowledge and practical skills developed by graduates of this program will help them advance to a successful career in International Law.

Aspirants interested in a career in the Indian Civil Service will benefit greatly from this training. It is good preparation for the Indian Foreign Service (IFS) test.

The annual income for an LLM in International Law is between INR 3,000,000 and 1,000,000. The remuneration is mostly determined by the job description for which they have been hired.

List of Top LLM in International Law Colleges in India

College Name

Affiliated University

Cut off

ILS Law College
Tamil Nadu Ambedkar law university
ICFAI university
Saveetha school of law
Career point university

Average Fees for LLM in International Law: Rs 93,515

Admission Criteria for LLM in International Law:

Admission to the course is typically based on a candidate’s performance on an admission exam. CLAT, AILET, AP PGLCET, and other significant all-India admission exams are held for this purpose. Some colleges also offer merit-based admission.

Selection based on merit

Submit your application to the colleges or universities of your choice.

Maintain a high-grade point average throughout your Bachelor’s degree exams.

Colleges will eventually issue their cutoff lists. Check to see if you are eligible for the requested course.

If you are eligible, go to the college and present all of the necessary documentation.

Selection based on entry

The application procedure for entrance exam-based admission is as follows:

Successful course postgraduates are hired in areas like Criminal Tribunals, National Legal Institutions, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and registration: Candidates must register for the entrance exams.

Application form: Carefully fill out the application form with all relevant information.

Please submit the following documents: Scan and submit the necessary papers, such as mark sheets. Documents must be supplied in the format recommended by the institute’s application portal.

Application fee: A small application cost must be paid online while submitting the application form. All online payment methods are accepted.

Download admit card: Admit cards are distributed after all candidates have been evaluated for eligibility.

Exam preparation: Study the syllabus and past papers for the exam. Attend the examination on the scheduled date or else it will be arrear.

The results will be issued based on the performance of the candidates in the admission exam.

hers, with an average starting salary ranging between INR 3 and 10 Lacs, increasing with experience in the field.

Types of Jobs after LLM in International Law:

  • International Lawyer
  • Corporate Lawyer
  • Policy Advisor
  • Legal Advisor
  • Mediator

Average Placements after LLM in International Law:

3) LLM in Human Rights

The LLM, or Master of Legislative Law in Human Rights, is a two-year post-graduate deal with the administration and procedures of the law and order. The course is aimed to instill knowledge of fundamental human rights and issues about any field, including women, gender, labor, refugees, children, and criminal justice. It attempts to provide a comprehensive approach to learning the law, administration, judicial elements, and, in particular, human rights. Candidates who wish to pursue this program must have an LLB or BL degree with a minimum of 50% marks.

Many colleges in India and worldwide offer a postgraduate education in human rights, known as an LLM.

The course is offered in both regular and correspondence way. This law course opens up a variety of potential opportunities. The typical starting salary after completing this degree ranges between INR 2,00,000 and INR 8,00,000. After completing an LLM in human rights, there are numerous work opportunities accessible. Private and public sector recruiters in a variety of institutions such as the judiciary, public prosecution, legal consulting firms, NGOs, Human Rights Agencies, Social Welfare Departments, and so on. Some students choose to work as social workers to benefit society. The wage package is increased in exchange for more work experience.

Many Indian universities offer LLM Human Rights programs, and admission is based on the results of entrance exams, which are followed by a counseling process. The annual fees range from INR 50,000 to INR 2,00,000 on average. Students interested in furthering their education can pursue an MPhil or Ph.D. in the same field. Some students get an MBA to advance their careers.

What Is an LLM in Human Rights?

LLM Human Rights is a postgraduate program with a study domain that focuses on the analysis of codes, constitutions, legal administration, and procedures, as well as basic human rights as stated in the constitution.

With the expanding political and legal framework, legal studies are an essential industry nowadays.

The LLM human rights course is aimed to teach students the principles and basic knowledge of legal rights, processes, and the country’s legal system.

Candidates having an LLB or BL degree can apply for this program at a variety of government and private institutes. Students who complete this course go on to work as lawyers, public prosecutors, judicial judges, legal consultants, academicians, and so on.

Students interested in furthering their education can pursue an MPhil, MBA, or Ph.D. in the same field.

List of Top LLM in Human Rights Colleges in India

College Name

Affiliated University

Cut off

Bharati Vidyapeeth New Law College (NLC) Deemed
Army Institute of Law (AIL) Punjabi university 130-135 (for general)

60-70 (for army background)

Faculty of Law, Jamia Millia Islamia University (JMI) First-round – 58.25

Second round – 52.50

Third round – 49.75

Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University (RMLNLU)

Average Fees for LLM in Human Rights: Rs 50,000 to 2,00,000

Admission Criteria for LLM in human rights

The admission process for an LLM in human rights is essentially a two-step process that begins with an entrance test and ends with counseling. For admission to this course, several central and state-level entrance examinations are held.

Some institutes also hold their entrance examinations to assess candidates’ knowledge and skills.

Aside from that, some institutes exclusively admit students based on their performance in the entrance exams.

The counseling procedure is the second phase that follows an entrance exam. Group discussions and personal interviews are done to assess the candidate’s aptitude qualities.

Admissions are made based on a thorough analysis of both entrance examinations and counseling procedures.

Types of Jobs after LLM in human rights:

  • Human Rights Lawyer
  • Lecturer/Professor
  • Client Relationship Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Human Rights Defender
  • Average Placements after LLM in human rights:

4) LLM Corporate Law

The Masters of Law, often known as the LL.M in Corporate Law, is a two-year postgraduate law degree for applicants seeking legal positions in the corporate sector. The curriculum covers a variety of law courses and topics such as international law, corporate law, capitalism, procurement law, and so on to train candidates and enable them to face diverse legal difficulties and provide solutions for the same.

LLM Corporate Law is one of the most popular legal specializations among students nowadays. LLM Corporate Legal is a two-year postgraduate law degree for individuals who want to work in the subject of corporate law.

Admission to LLM Corporate Law schools is based on several entrance tests such as CLAT PG, AILET, LSAT, and so on. Several top-tier colleges offer LLM Corporate Law courses, including National Law University Jodhpur, Mahatma Gandhi Law College Hyderabad, and NIMS University Jaipur.

Students must have completed their graduation inappropriate streams such as LLB, BA LLB, BBA LLB, or B.Sc LLB from a recognized university with 50 percent aggregate marks or comparable CGPA to be eligible to pursue LLM Corporate Law.

The curriculum teaches students numerous law courses such as Company Law, Procurement Law, and so on to specialize them in the field, provides a complete study of all legal matters within the corporate sector, and assists them in finding answers to various legal challenges.

What exactly is LLM Corporate Law?

A brief description of LLM Corporate Law is provided below.

The academic area of law primarily focuses on the study of legal procedure, legislation, and justice in India as well as other countries.

The corporate world contributes to the numerous legal difficulties that develop as a result of economic and financial issues or tax-related issues of the enterprises that exist within the corporate world.

A master’s degree in corporate law seeks to educate students on the deep study of all legal issues that occur within the business sector and to assist them in finding answers to various legal issues.

The curriculum assists in the development of a considerable understanding of the firm’s legal, finance, and economic concerns. The study focuses on the laws of corporations or companies that exist in the corporate world, to teach students the interactions that occur in these areas.

The course is developed in such a way that students will have an in-depth study of the subject and will be able to apply the knowledge gained in various legal difficulties they will encounter when they begin working in the specified industry.

The two-year curriculum instills this knowledge in pupils gradually over two years, using a semester-based methodology.

Why should you pursue an LLM in Corporate Law in India?

There are several reasons to pursue an LLM in Corporate Law. Most students pick this course because of the following benefits:

It provides students with a specialized understanding of legal difficulties that arise in the corporate sector, making the topic considerably more engaging.

It offers intellectual research as well as practical knowledge of business laws.

Successful course graduates can earn an average income of INR 6 – 8 Lakhs, which grows gradually based on the candidate’s experience and expertise in the prescribed profession.

It provides several career changes in the legal profession, both in public and private firms, as well as in law courts.

According to one’s preferences, one can work as a Legal Counsel, Corporate Lawyer, Civil Judge, and so on.

Law students are so well-versed in legal matters that they are qualified to take on numerous legal challenges that arise within the framework of a firm in the corporate sector.

The course fee ranges from INR 2 to 5 lacs across the country’s colleges and universities.

List of Top LLM Corporate Law Colleges in India

College Name

Affiliated University

Cut off

National law university Odisha
School of law christ university
National law institute university
ICFAI law school

Average Fees for LLM Corporate Law: Rs 2 lakh to 3 lakhs

Admission Criteria for LLM Corporate Law:

Admission to LLM Corporate Law courses is based on both entrance exams and merit-based selection, which is determined by the candidate’s undergraduate grade point average. This technique, however, differs amongst colleges.

Only students who meet the eligibility criteria will be able to take the entrance exam and begin the admission process at any college. Some of the steps in the admissions process are listed here.

Aspiring candidates must register on the official website, where they must submit their email address, contact number, and password.

Fill out the online application form. Candidates must only appear for the exam on the dates specified. Please keep in mind that admit cards are typically generated within two weeks of the start of the examination. Generally, admission cards are distributed through email.

The results are announced based on the student’s exam scores as well as the institute’s cut-offs, seats, and so on. Later on, the seats are assigned as needed.

Candidates who pass the admission tests are subsequently examined on their knowledge in personal interviews and group discussions held by the different colleges.

Types of Jobs after LLM Corporate Law:

  • Magistrate
  • Legal Researcher
  • Corporate Events Associate
  • Corporate lawyer
  • Lecturer/ Professor
  • Civil Judge
  • Legal Expert

Average Placements after LLM Corporate Law:

Ph.D. in Criminal Law

Criminal law course, often known as penal law, is the body of law that governs and punishes actions deemed undesirable by the state. Theft, assault, and robbery are examples of crimes, as are drug trafficking, murder, and treason. The goal of criminal law courses in India is to keep society in order by confining lawbreakers and prohibiting them and others from endangering citizens’ well-being.

It differs from civil rights law in that the latter focuses on private-party disputes and tries to recompense the victim. It is related to criminology, accounting forensics, forensic psychology, environmental law, and military law.

Criminal law course, studies are available at universities as standalone programs under the Bachelor of Laws (LLB) or Master of Laws (LLM) professional degrees. Students obtain broad theoretical knowledge of this course, including criminal justice, worldwide crime issues, and human rights. They learn about homicide, mentally disturbed offenders, the death sentence, legal responses to terrorism, and many other topics.

Criminalists and criminologists, public interest lawyers, judges and magistrates, forensic psychologists, fraud investigators, detectives, probation officers, and crime laboratory analysts are all possible careers in criminal law. Professional practice in a variety of settings, including law firms, private businesses, government, and non-profit organizations.

Colleges/Universities offering Ph.D. in Criminal Law

College Name

Affiliated University

Eligibility

Rajiv Gandhi National University

There is no upper age limit.
Educational Requirements – A Master of Laws degree from a recognised university with a minimum of 55% or an equivalent grade, or

Candidates holding an M.Phil. in Law from a recognised university with a B+ grade or comparable marks, or

Candidates with a Masters degree in the area of Social Sciences, English Language and Literature, and Humanities from a recognised University or Institute and a statement that he or she desires to study interfaces with law and policy, or

Passed the Company Secretaries of India test and received Associate Membership, or

passed the final C.A. test given by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, or

A judge, a High Court or Supreme Court judge, or a renowned jurist in the field of law.

National Academy of Legal Study and Research University of Law

There is no age restriction.
Educational Qualification – Must be a Master of Laws or have an equivalent degree in Law, Management, Humanities, or other cognate disciplines from a recognised University or Institute with more than 55 percent marks or equivalent grade, or have passed the C.S. examination and been awarded Associate Membership by Company Secretaries of India, or have passed the final C.A. examination conducted by Ch.

Chanakya National Law University

There is no upper age limit.
Educational Qualification – Master of Law from a recognised university with a minimum of 55% marks or equivalent grade, or Candidates with M.Phil. degree in Law from a recognised university with B+ grade or equivalent marks, or Candidates with Masters degree in the discipline of Social Sciences, English Language and Literature, and Humanities with aggregate 55% marks or equivalent Qualification for D.Phil Judge of any High Court or Supreme Court, or Practicing Advocate of any High Court or Supreme Court with 10 years of experience, or Candidate with masters degree in Social Science or Science with 3 years of teaching or research experience in any University Department or Research Institution, or P.G. College or institution affiliated with a recognised University

Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University

There is no upper age limit.
Candidates must have a Master of Laws degree with a minimum of 55% marks or an equivalent grade from a recognised university or institute, or a Masters degree in the discipline of Social Sciences, Science, and Humanities with a minimum of 55% marks or an equivalent grade from a recognised university or institute, provided that he or she wishes to pursue inte

Gujarat National Law University

There is no age restriction.
Candidates must have a Master of Laws degree with a minimum of 55% marks or an equivalent grade from a recognized university or institute, or an M.Phil degree with a minimum of 55% marks or an equivalent grade from a recognized university or institute, or an M.Phil degree with a minimum of 55% marks or an equivalent grade from a recognized university or institute, or an M.Phil degree with a minimum of 55% marks or an equivalent grade from a recognized university or institute, or Passed the C.S. examination and were awarded Associate Membership by the Company Secretaries of India, or Passed the final C.A. examination conducted by the Chartered Accountants of India, or Candidates who are not a Bachelor of Law and are pursuing a Ph.D. in another discipline can take a foundation course in Law.

National Law University and Judicial Academy

There is no upper age limit.
Candidates must have a Masters of Law degree with a minimum of 55% aggregate marks or an equivalent grade from a recognised university or institute, or a Masters degree in Social Sciences, Humanities, or Sciences from a recognised university with a minimum of 55% aggregate marks or an equivalent grade, or a District and Session Judge or equivalent with a minimum of 5 years experience. passed the final C.A. test given by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, or
The candidate whose final qualifying examination result is awaiting for whatever reason shall be permitted to take the entrance exam. Only after successfully defending the qualifying examination will such candidates be permitted to propose their research project.

Maharashtra National Law University

Masters of Law in regular mode from a recognised University or Institute with not less than 55 percent aggregate marks or equivalent grade, or Masters in the discipline of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Sciences in regular mode from a recognised University or Institute with not less than 55 percent aggregate marks or equivalent grade, provided that the candidate is. If the candidate desires to pursue study in law with a special concentration on public policy or law, he or she must pass the C.S. test and been awarded Associate Membership by the Company Secretaries of India.
passed the final C.A. test given by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, or
With the consent of the Vice-Chancellor, faculty members of the Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur, can also pursue a Ph.D. from the University.

Average Fees for Ph.D. in Criminal Law: Rs 5,000 to Rs 5 lakhs

Admission Criteria for Ph.D. in Criminal Law:

  • Indian citizens and foreign nationals. There is no upper age limit.
  • Educational requirements – Require a Masters of Law (LL.M. – normal mode) from a recognized university. Also required a total of 55 percent or a comparable grade point average. There is a 50% reduction in aggregate scores for ST/SC/SAP students.
  • Maximum number of tries: two

Average Placements after Ph.D. in Criminal Law:

What to do after Ph.D. in Criminal Law?

A degree in criminal law course may be the appropriate choice for you if you appreciate helping people and want to make a difference in your local communities. There are a plethora of exciting professional prospects in the this field, including crime prevention, victim advocacy, incarceration and rehabilitation, and investigative work.

There are numerous prospects for advancement or employment in this industry as well. Graduates with criminal law courese will have a wide range of job options and prospects depending on the degree specialization they pursued and the type of degree they earned. After criminal law course you can become

  • Detective
  • Criminologists
  • Magistrate
  • Legal Researcher
  • Corporate Events Associate
  • Corporate lawyer
  • Lecturer/ Professor
  • Civil Judge
  • Legal Expert
  • Forensic Science Technician
  • Criminal Lawyer
  • Lecturer/ Professor

Criminal Law Job Roles & Levels in India

Following the completion of an LLM, various highly valued job prospects become available. The following careers are available to LLM graduates:

Tax Advocate: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

They handle all types of government taxation, such as income tax, sales tax, and excise duty.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs.10 LPA to 12 LPA

The Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs.15 LPA to 20 LPA

Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs. 20 LPA to 28 LPA

Civil Advocate: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Individuals, claims, guardianships, and divorce are all facilitated by the Lawyer.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs.4 LPA to 5 LPA

The Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs.9 LPA to 10 LPA

Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs. 14 LPA to 20 LPA

Judge: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

The judge is always one of the most prestigious posts in any country’s judicial system. To become a judge, you should be good in the country’s legal system.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs.3 LPA to 5.5 LPA

The Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs.6 LPA to 7 LPA

Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs. 18 LPA to 35 LPA

International Lawyers: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Their job is to negotiate international relations and customs between nations, as well as to advise them on various projects.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs.10 LPA to 15 LPA

The Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs.25 LPA to 30 LPA

Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs. 150 LPA to 200 LPA

Legal Advisor: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Contract summarisation, legal research, writing, and contract management are all aided by court partners or associates. A legal advisor will excel if they have specialist understanding in the area.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs. 2.5 LPA to 3.5 LPA

The Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs.8 LPA to 10 LPA

Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs. 15 LPA to 28 LPA

Corporate Lawyers: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

They are in charge of the legal work of corporations, such as establishing and retaining firms and entering into various government contracts.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs.2.5 LPA to 3.5 LPA

The Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs.7 LPA to 10 LPA

Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs. 15 LPA to 25 LPA

Advocate: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

An advocate is a crucial professional both in India and overseas. To carry out his activities, he must be well-versed in the country’s legal system.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs.2 LPA to 3.5 LPA

The Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs.4 LPA to 5 LPA

Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs. 10 LPA to 20 LPA

Criminal lawyer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

In this job profile, the aspirant represents his or her client in a legal trial. As part of this job description, one must cross-examine witnesses and then present reasons/facts why the court should rule in favor of their client. A Criminal Lawyer conducts research, analyses cases, and then presents their findings in a court of law, attempting to release their client or negotiating a compromise or settlement.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs.2.4 LPA to 3.5 LPA

The Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs.4 LPA to 5 LPA

Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs. 20 LPA to 30 LPA

Legal Advisors: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

In this position, you will have to advise clients on their legal rights and obligations. Legal advisors primarily examine legislation related to a specific case and then go over previous judgments issued in situations comparable to the one their client is currently facing, assisting them in determining how to defend themselves.

Average Salary for Beginners: Rs.2. LPA to 3.5 LPA

The Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs.8 LPA to 9 LPA

Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs. 15 LPA to 25 LPA

Frequently Asked Questions About Criminal Law in India

1) What are the subjects of criminal law?

Criminal law course is the body of law that governs crime. It refers to the behavior deemed to be threatening, harmful, or otherwise dangerous to the property, health, safety, and moral well-being of others, including oneself. Also, establishes the great bulk of it. which means the legislature enacts it. This course is concerned with the punishment and rehabilitation of people who violate the law.

Also, Criminal law course differs from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and is separate from civil law, which focuses on dispute resolution and victim compensation rather than punishment or rehabilitation. However, Criminal procedure is a formalized governmental activity that establishes the commission of a crime and its consequences. allows the criminal to receive punitive or rehabilitative treatment. The criminal law syllabus are

Criminal Justice, Criminal Psychology, Forensic Science, Criminal Procedures, Legal Research, Law Ethics, Penology & Victimology, IPC, CrPC, Juvenile Justice, Narcotics, and other disciplines are covered in criminal law courses.

2) What is criminal law course?

Criminal Law Courses are concerned with the study of laws and regulations, as well as statutes and judicial systems for conducting trials to protect the public from any harm or criminal act.

Also, Criminal law courses are accessible at all levels, beginning with basic certification courses and progressing to bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate level courses.

Criminal Law courses are available on various platforms, institutions, and universities in both online and offline formats. The qualifying requirements for taking any criminal law courses vary, but a student is must have a minimum of 50 percent in class 12th.

Numerous online companies, such as Coursera, also provide free criminal law courses. The course pricing and package vary depending on the course and college. After completing any criminal law courses in education, however, one can work as a Legal Advisor, Criminal Lawyer, Government Advocate, Government leader, and so on.

3) What are the 4 types of criminal law course?

Crimes are classified into four types: felonies, misdemeanors, inchoate offenses, and severe liability offenses. Each state, as well as the federal government, selects what types of behavior to criminalize. There were nine primary offenses (murder, robbery, manslaughter, rape, sodomy, larceny, arson, mayhem, and burglary) and many misdemeanors under common law (i.e. assault, battery, false imprisonment, perjury, and intimidation of jurors).

it, as opposed to civil law, is a body of laws concerned with the punishment of those who commit crimes. In contrast to a civil lawsuit in which two people argue over their rights, a criminal prosecution involves the government deciding whether to punish someone for an act or an omission. A “crime” is as any act or omission violating a law that prohibits the act or omission.

 

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List of Universities offering Criminal Law
List of Universities