Civil Engineering: Meaning, Types, Scope, Courses, Jobs & More (2021)

The Civil Engineering is the branch of the engineering that deals with the planning, design, development and construction of physical structure.  Moreover, civil engineering is the oldest branch. In addition, before knowing about the different courses, types, job profiles the candidate must know ‘What is Civil Engineering?’ Furthermore, Civil engineering is referred as the professional as well as technical course that deals with the various aspects of building a physical structure such as roads, buildings, monuments, airports etc. In addition, the civil engineering jobs are to develop and design the infrastructure. Besides that, the different aspects include the planning, designing the blueprint, maintain the budget, management of the construction site, surveying etc. Moreover, there are various civil engineering courses in India. Furthermore, civil engineering syllabus is the amalgamation of various specializations in the field of construction such as mechanics, hydraulics, statistical evaluation as well as material science.

Table of Contents

Thus, aspiring candidate of civil engineering courses should belong to science background. In addition, the different levels of courses are diploma in civil engineering, bachelors, masters as well as PhD courses. Furthermore, this specialization also works for the protection as well as maintenance of the public and the environmental health and preservation of the infrastructure. In addition, the scope of civil engineering is broad in terms of job opportunities as well as job profiles. Besides that, civil engineers are in high demand due to the fast development of the infrastructure.

In addition, the scope of civil engineering is in the field of construction firms, private construction companies, renewable energy projects and many other areas. Besides that, some of the civil engineering jobs are structural engineers, site engineers, geotechnical engineers, assistant civil engineer, and project manager. Lastly, the average civil engineering salary is INR 3.46 LPA.

Now, read some more points about Civil Engineering:

  • Firstly, the candidates seeking admission in civil engineering courses should possess a strong science background with mathematics as the core subject.
  • Secondly, the candidates should check the basic eligibility for civil engineering before applying in any college or institute.
  • Thirdly, the scope of civil engineering is very vast and it involves calculating, developing, and designing, planning as well as executing and monitoring all the constructional work.
  • Moreover, there are various entrance exam for civil engineering such as JEE Main/BITSAT/NATA/SRMJEEE/JEE Advanced/MHT CET/GATE/UPSEE/TANCET/OJEE etc.
  • Furthermore, some universities also conduct university level entrance examination.
  • In addition, the average fee of this program is approximately around INR 2 LAP – INR 6 LPA.
  • Besides that, average civil engineering salary is around INR 3.5 LPA – 5 LPA and the pay scale may increase as per the work experience.
  • Lastly, some top universities for masters in civil engineering IIT, NIT, AMU, DTU and many more.

Some top colleges offering Civil engineering courses in India are given below:

  • Indian Institute of Technology
  • SRM University
  • Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education
  • Kalinga University
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science
  • College of Engineering (Anna University)
  • National Institute of Technology
  • IIT BHU
  • Institute of Chemical Technology
  • Jadavpur University
  • Vellore Institute of Technology or VIT University
  • IIEST
  • Jamia Millia Islamia University
  • Delhi Technological University
  • Aligarh Muslim University and many more.

What is Civil Engineering?

In broad terms, civil engineering deals with the study of construction. Moreover, there are various courses that provide detailed knowledge about various aspects of building a physical structure. Furthermore, civil engineering is the professional field which includes the study of technical aspects regarding maintaining, building, designing, operating and contracture different types of infrastructure. In addition, development of roads, bridges, subway systems, dams, buildings, airports, houses, hospitals, restaurants, space stations etc are done by civil engineers. Besides that, there are various types of civil engineering on the basis of work and job profiles.

  • Firstly, structural engineering is one of the specialization of civil engineering that deals with designing as well as development of environmentally safe and rigid structure.
  • Secondly, transportation engineering, it deals with the construction of transportation system.
  • Thirdly, construction engineering, this specialization deals with the construction of variable public properties.
  • Moreover, there are various civil engineering courses in India. Some of the courses are given below:
  1. BTech
  2. BE
  3. MTech
  4. ME
  5. Advanced Diploma
  6. Diploma in Civil engineering
  7. Certificate courses
  • Furthermore, the different types of civil engineering courses are:
  1. Geotechnical engineering
  2. Fluid engineering
  3. Architectural engineering
  4. Structural engineering
  5. Environmental engineering
  6. Hydraulic engineering
  7. Marine engineering
  8. Applied mechanics
  9. Transportation engineering
  10. Coastal engineering
  11. Construction and management engineering etc.
  • In addition, BTech as well as MTech in civil engineering is considered as the most popular courses.

Civil engineering syllabus:

The Civil engineering syllabus consists of subjects that provide brief knowledge about the designing and construction. Moreover, the candidates should belong to science background with mathematics as the core subjects. Furthermore, civil engineering syllabus usually possesses detailed concepts of mathematics as well as physics. In addition, the candidates the civil engineering subjects on the basis of successive year of a UG course are:

FIRST YEAR

  • Mathematics I
  • English
  • Mechanics
  • Mathematics II
  • Engineering Chemistry
  • Electrical technology
  • Engineering drawing and graphics
  • Physics
  • Introduction to manufacturing processes
  • Programming and data structure
  • Fundamental of computer

SECOND YEAR

  • Hydraulics
  • Breadth I
  • Surveying I
  • Solid mechanics
  • Mathematics III
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Strength of material
  • Surveying II
  • Geology
  • Water and waste water engineering
  • Structural analysis
  • Water resource engineering

THIRD YEAR

  • Elective I
  • Solid mechanics and foundation engineering
  • Ground water hydrology
  • Environmental engineering
  • Irrigation engineering
  • Elective II
  • Breadth II
  • Elective III
  • Project I
  • Elective IV
  • Design of steel structure
  • Elective V
  • Design of RC structures
  • Breadth IT

FOURTH YEAR

  • Elective VI
  • Project II
  • Elective
  • IT and CAD application
  • Project III
  • Quantity surveying and valuation
  • Finite element method
  • Breadth III
  • Industrial training
  • Viva voce

History of Civil Engineering

The civil engineering is a broad field and is regarded as one of the second oldest engineering field. Moreover, military engineering was one of the oldest engineering fields. Furthermore, civil engineering was come into existence from the very old times when human initiated building certain physical structures. In addition, it began in 18th century in France. Besides that, John Smeaton is referred as the first civil engineer. Initially, the non-military engineers are called civil engineers but this term was introduced later. Moreover, a civil engineering job is to maintain and manufacture different types of physical structures that include dams, monuments, building, bridges, waterways, transportation area etc.

In addition, various heritages were constructed by civil engineers. Besides that, the construction techniques were different as compared to modern engineering techniques. Moreover, the development as well as advancement in the science and technology modernized the construction techniques. Furthermore, in 4000-2000 BC the wheels were developed for the purpose of transportation then, Egyptian constructed pyramids. In addition, development of Great Wall of China in 200 BC is one of the biggest achievements in the history of civil engineering.

Besides that, the Archimedes principle that tells about buoyancy is also incorporated with civil engineering for the purpose of raising water. Moreover, in the 19th century a separate society was established for civil engineering in United States and European countries. Furthermore, the branch of civil engineering is growing day-by-day. In addition, there are numerous colleges/institutes/universities that offer civil engineering courses. Besides that, Computer Aided design as well as computer aided manufacture are the most prominent technological contributors in this field.

Types of Civil Engineering

There are different types of civil engineering course in India. Moreover, many universities offer difference specializations in civil engineering. Furthermore, admission in civil engineering courses takes place on the basis of merit in last qualifying examination. In addition, the different types of civil engineering courses are BTech/MTech/BE/ME/Diploma/Certificate courses. Besides that, the basic eligibility for civil engineering is to pass class 12th with physics, mathematics as well as chemistry as the major subjects.

Moreover, the civil engineering jobs are available in both public as well as private sector. In addition, the base civil engineering salary is INR 3-5 LPA. Furthermore, as per the specialization as well as work experience the salary may vary. Additionally, the scope of civil engineering is growing very fast and is believed to attain more height in the future.

In addition, construction and all the aspects related to it is gaining popularity. Moreover, there is a high demand of various specialists such as construction engineer, transportation engineer, geotechnical engineer etc in different sectors of civil engineering.

Different types of civil engineering are:

  • Structural engineering
  • Transportation engineering
  • Earthquake engineering
  • Civil engineering with architecture
  • Construction as well as management engineering
  • Environmental engineering
  • Forensic engineering
  • Coastal engineering
  • Marine engineering
  • Geotechnical engineering
  • Municipal engineering
  • Surveying
  • Water engineering
  • Highway engineering
  • Applied mechanics

Construction engineering

The construction engineering is one of the professional civil engineering specializations that provides knowledge about design, development, planning, management as well as construction of various infrastructure. Moreover, the construction engineering is a specialization that tells about the process of work take place at the site of construction. Furthermore, admission in construction engineering takes place on the basis of marks in last qualifying examination as well as performance in the entrance examination.

In addition, there is a great scope of civil engineering. Thus, the candidates can build a successful career in construction engineering. Besides that, in-depth knowledge of several concepts of physics as well as mathematics is important to learn construction engineering. Moreover, the construction engineering studies aims at designing and execution of the infrastructure. Lastly, the average salary after completing construction engineering degree is approximately around INR 5.25 LPA. Besides that, the salary may raise as per the experience and job position.

Structural engineering

The field of structural engineering initiates as construction designer and eventually you could get a post of project manager. Moreover, in construction field the role of structural engineering is very important. Furthermore, the structural engineering provides knowledge to design the interior structure of any infrastructure i.e., the bones and muscles of the building. In addition, structural engineering is a great branch as it gives education to provide form as well as shape to the building. Besides that, there is a huge scope of structural engineering in the field of construction.

Moreover, a structural engineer is usually involved in designing and maintains the framework. Furthermore, the basic eligibility to get admission in UG/PG courses is to possess class 12th result and bachelor’s marksheet respectively. In addition, a valid National/State/University level entrance scorecard is also important. Moreover, admission in PG and PhD structural engineering program takes place on the basis of cumulative percent in bachelors or masters followed by Group discussion and Personal Interview. Lastly, the average salary in the field of structural engineering is approximately equal to INR 6.52 LPA.

Transportation engineering

The field of transportation engineering trains the candidates to work in railway, airport, and aerospace as well as to construct roads. Moreover, this field mainly focuses on the construction of transportation infrastructure. Furthermore, transportation engineering refers to the implementation of science, technology as well as construction principles to plan, design, manage, operate and build various modes of transportation. In addition, there is a huge scope in transportation engineering. Besides that, with the increment in the population the need of transportation is also increasing to travel from one place to another. Moreover, a transportation engineers provides in-depth knowledge about roadways construction, water transportation, pipeline transportation, railway construction, airports and subway construction and most importantly metro transit system.

Furthermore, admission in transportation engineering occurs on the basis of merit as well as entrance exam. In addition, the pay scale in the field of transportation engineering is also great. Lastly, the average salary in the field of transportation engineering is approximately around INR 4.5 LPA.

Geotechnical engineering

The geotechnical engineering is one of the specializations/Branch of civil engineering. Moreover, it is also known as geotechnics.  Furthermore, the branch of geotechnical engineering provides knowledge about the earth materials such as rock, soil, water etc. In addition, it also educates the students with respect to the properties as well as strength of the materials obtained from earth. Besides that, utilization of the earth material helps in the process of construction. Moreover, this branch of engineering is very important for carrying out the construction activities.  In addition, this field also teaches about the behavior of silt, sand, snow and clay. Moreover, some other branches that falls under the category of geotechnical engineering are geology, geophysics and hydrogeology.

Furthermore, the main work of the geotechnical engineering to analyze and evaluate the ground on which the construction will take place. In addition, admission in UG geotechnical engineering takes place on the basis of class 12th result. Besides that, the candidate must possess minimum 50% marks in class 12th with mathematics, physics and chemistry as the core subjects from a recognized board. Moreover, admission in top universities for masters in civil engineering takes place on the basis of national level entrance exam i.e., GATE. In addition, the average salary after the completion of Geotechnical engineering is approximately around INR 6 LPA.

Environmental engineering

The environmental engineering is the branch of civil engineering that deals with methods and facilities to resolve issues related to waste water management, sir purification, recycling etc. Moreover, the scope of environmental engineering is great as it helps in maintaining a healthy environment. In addition, some job profiles after completing environmental engineering are water project manager, green building engineer, senior environmental engineer, environmental engineering consultant etc. Besides that, environmental engineering provides practical knowledge about reviewing and preparing reports of environmental investigation, designing the infrastructure that helps in the protection of environment etc.

Moreover, the environmental engineering helps to candidates to learn about the renewable sources of energy. Furthermore, BTech and MTech are the two courses in the field of environmental engineering. In addition, admission in top colleges in BTech course takes place on the basis of National level entrance i.e., JEE Main/JEE Advanced. Besides that, admission in MTech occurs on the basis of marks in GATE followed by GD and PI. Besides that, the average salary in the field of environmental engineering is approximately around INR 4 LPA INR 9 LPA.

Some job profiles after completing environmental engineering are:

  • Wasteland ecologist
  • Air quality engineer
  • Field chemist
  • Waste resource manager
  • Assistant policy specialist
  • Hydro geologist
  • Safety design manager and many more.

Water management engineering

The water management engineering is one of the specialized branch of civil engineering that deals with the design and development of new systems or equipments that helps in the management of water resources.  Moreover, admission in this course takes place on the basis of counselling session after clearing the entrance examination. Furthermore, the average fee of this program is approximately around INR 1.5 LPA – INR 10 LPA.

Scope of Civil Engineering in India

The scope of civil engineering is increasing in India. Moreover, civil engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering. Furthermore, the professionals of this field are in high demand. In addition, the increment in the population of the world has great impact in the field of civil engineering. Besides that, the civil engineering jobs are railway engineer, geotechnical engineer, water management engineer, highway engineer, engineer that build roads, bridges, dams, tunnel etc. Moreover, the construction of any physical structure requires in depth knowledge of a particular field to avoid any accidents. Furthermore, specialization in the field of civil engineering is helpful to build safe and risk free building. Otherwise, natural calamities or technical issues may cause dismantle or segregation of the structure.

In addition, candidates can get civil engineering govt jobs after passing bachelors/masters courses. Moreover, the candidates could also earn a decent civil engineering salary. Furthermore, civil engineers are also involved in the repairing and maintenance of the old buildings and monuments. In addition, the candidates can also opt to work in academic sector as lecturer or professor after completing PhD in civil engineering.

1.    Construction engineer

The construction engineer works to design, develop, and direct as well supervise the labour at the construction site. Moreover, he is responsible for the proper maintenance and structure of the building. Furthermore, the construction engineer must possess leadership quality and he must be a team player. In addition, a construction engineer is one of the core job profiles of civil engineering. Besides that, the eligibility to become a construction engineer is to possess bachelors or masters degree in civil engineering. Moreover, the scope of construction engineers is very nice as they are required in almost all types of construction site. Furthermore, the average salary of construction engineer is approximately around INR 3.5 LPA –INR 4 LPA.

2.    Structural engineers

The structural engineer is basically involved in designing and drawing the structure or the core of the building. Moreover, he is responsible to design the skeleton of any infrastructure. Furthermore, he is also responsible to perform certain calculations on the basis of which a building is formed. In addition, he also review the task of other engineers and analyze the construction site. Besides that, the main research work to establish a physical structure is carried out via structural engineer.

Moreover, various universities or institutes offer bachelors or masters courses to provide specialization in this particular field of civil engineering. In addition, admission takes place on the basis of entrance examination. Besides that, the average salary of structural engineer in India is approximately around INR 4.87 LPA.

3.    Site engineers

The scope of site engineer is very vast. Moreover, every construction site requires site engineer to perform and manage different activities at the site. Furthermore, coordination several activities at the site of construction are very crucial to complete the work smoothly. In addition, he is regarded as the technical advisor at the site who is involved in checking out the plans and analyzing the design of the infrastructure.

Moreover, there are numerous colleges that provide MTech in site engineering. Furthermore, admission takes place on the basis of entrance examination followed by GD or PI. In addition, the developing countries are in great demand for site engineers. Thus, the scope of site engineering specialization is very vast. Besides that, site engineers can attain jobs in both private as well as public sector.

In addition, the professional in this field can earn a decent salary of approximately around INR 3.60 LPA. Moreover, the salary will increase on the basis of experience at the construction site. Besides that, site engineers must possess certain skills to handle and maintain the site easily. Some of them are project management skills, engineering design, visual basic, Microsoft project and many more.

4.    Lecturer

The scope in the academic sector is very great. Moreover, the candidates who pursue higher education or higher degree such as PhD in civil engineering usually opt to become a lecturer or professor. Furthermore, it is one of most sought jobs after PhD. In addition, the candidates must possess in-depth knowledge of a particular specialization to become lecturer or professor. Besides that, the candidates should also possess patience to provide education in this field.

Moreover, paper publication and research work is also important to become professor. In addition, a lecturer can easily earn a good salary. Furthermore, the average salary of lecturer in this field is approximately around INR 6 LPA.

5.    Geotechnical engineer

The geotechnical engineer studies about the materials obtained from the earth which include soil, rock, water, clay, snow etc. moreover, a geotechnical engineers analyze the quality of the earth and the products obtained from the earth. In addition, he also checks whether a particular land or soil is appropriate for the construction or not. Besides that, the scope of geotechnical engineering is decent in India. Moreover, many top universities offer masters or doctoral degree in this particular specialization. In addition, the geotechnical engineers can earn a decent salary of approximately around INR 6.04 LPA- INR 9 LPA.

Eligibility Criteria for Civil Engineering in India

The candidates seeking admission in Civil engineering courses must know about the eligibility criteria. Moreover, every University/college/institute has its own eligibility for civil engineering. Furthermore, there are certain universities that provide relaxation to the candidates who belong to minority category. In addition, you must visit the official website of the desirable college or university in which you want to apply and read about the terms and condition as well as eligibility. Besides that, the basic eligibility for civil engineering is the candidate must have class 12th result. Moreover, a valid scorecard of National/State/University level entrance is also very necessary.

Undergraduate eligibility:

  • Firstly, the popular bachelors/UG civil engineering courses are BTech/BE.
  • Secondly, the candidates seeking admission in BTech/BE in civil engineering must possess class 12th
  • Thirdly, candidate must complete class 12th with physics, mathematics and chemistry as the core subjects with minimum 60% marks from a recognized board.
  • Moreover, the candidates belonging to SC/ST/PWD/EWS category gets a relaxation of 5%, thus, they are eligible to apply with 55% marks in class 12th.
  • Furthermore, students must appear in entrance exam for civil engineering such as JEE Main/JEE Advanced etc to get admission in to get admission in top institutes like IIT, NIT etc.
  • In addition, many other national and state level or university level entrance exam for civil engineering are also conducted.
  • Lastly, the basic eligibility is merit or entrance based.

Postgraduate eligibility:

  • Firstly, PG/Masters aspirants seeking admission in civil engineering courses must possess a UG/bachelor’s degree in relevant field with minimum 55%.
  • Secondly, students belonging to SC/ST/PWD or EWS category usually get a relaxation of 5%.
  • Thirdly, the admission process for masters in civil engineering courses takes place on the basis of entrance examination followed by GD and PI.
  • Furthermore, some of the entrance exam for civil engineering is GATE/COMDEKKCET/APECET/UPSEE/SRMJEE and many more.
  • Moreover, the fee structure of civil engineering courses is approximately around INR 50000- INR 6 LPA.
  • In addition, the candidates who possess a valid National level scorecard are exempted to appear in the university level test and are eligible to appear directly in the PI round.

PhD eligibility:

  • Firstly, the candidates who possess interest in higher education in the field of construction can apply for PhD program.
  • Secondly, aspiring candidate must possess a bachelors as well as masters degree in relevant field from a recognized institute or university.
  • Thirdly, the PhD aspirant should attain 55% marks in the master’s civil engineering courses.
  • Moreover, the candidates who qualified MPhil are eligible to apply in PhD program.
  • In addition, admission in PhD courses takes place on the basis of performance in written test+GD+PI.
  • Lastly, some entrance exams for civil engineering for PhD admission are UGC NET/JRF/CSIR/GATE etc.

Civil Engineering Entrance Exams

Entrance exam for civil engineering is organized by National or state government. Moreover, the basic eligibility to get admission in any civil engineering courses like B Tech/BE/MTech/ME/PhD is to appear in entrance examination. Furthermore, for bachelor’s courses the candidate must possess class 12th result and entry level scorecard. In addition, several universities/institute constructs separate entrance test for providing admission. Besides that, the list of entrance exam for civil engineering for UG courses is:

  • All India Common Entrance Test
  • JEE Main
  • COMEDK
  • EAMCET
  • Jamia Millia Islamia Common Entrance Test
  • JEE Advanced
  • AIEEE
  • BITSAT
  • SRM University Engineering Entrance Exam
  • Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam
  • BIHER
  • Annamalai University Engineering Entrance Exam
  • Delhi University Combined Entrance Exam
  • JNU EEE
  • TNPCEE and many more.

Likewise, entrance exam for MTech/ME in civil engineering are:

  • GATE
  • BITSAT
  • IIT JEE
  • TANCET
  • PGCET
  • PGECET
  • Jamia Millia Islamia Entrance Exam
  • Kerala University MTech Entrance Exam
  • SRM University Engineering Entrance Exam etc.

In addition, the students who wish to build their careers in civil field must belong to science background with physics, mathematics as well as chemistry as the core subjects. Besides that, numerous entrance exams for civil engineering are conducted by the national as well as the state authority of India. Furthermore, most of the universities/colleges offering civil engineering are approved via NAAC/AICTE/UGC/AKTU as well as certain ranking agencies like NIRF, QS ranking etc. Lastly, courses offered after clearing the entrance exam for civil engineering are B Tech/BE/MTech/ME/PhD/Diploma etc.

1.    JEE Mains

The Joint Entrance Examination is referred as one of the National Level entry exam for admission in top notch institutes or universities. Moreover, the candidate after clearing this exam is eligible to apply in JEE Advanced. Furthermore, the candidates who possess a valid JEE Main scorecard can get admission in Indian Institute of Technology, National Institute of Technology, VIT as well as several top engineering institutes. Besides that, this course provides admission in UG/Bachelors engineering program.

Moreover, the conducting body of this examination is NTA i.e., National Testing Agency. Furthermore, this entrance exam for civil engineering takes place only in online mode. Moreover, it consists of questions from the core subjects like physics, mathematics as well as chemistry. In addition, the duration of JEE Main is approximately around 3 hours. Besides that, the basic eligibility to apply for JEE Main exam is class 12th. Moreover, the candidates who possess diploma in relevant field are also eligible to apply in JEE Main.

In addition, the candidate who passes this exam has to appear for the JoSAA counselling which possess 6 rounds. Thus, the seat allocation in different institute or universities takes place on the basis of JoSAA counselling.

2.    JEE Advanced

The top scorers or the rank holders of JEE Main are eligible to apply in JEE Advanced. Moreover, only 2.50 Lacs rank holders can sit for the JEE Advanced exam. Furthermore, this is also considered as the National level entrance exam for admission in IIT. In addition, IIT Kharagpur is considered as the conducting authority. Moreover, admission in IITs or NITs is the dream of many candidates. Thus, it is important to do preparation before appearing in such high-level entrance examination. Lastly, the duration of JEE Advanced is 3 hours.

3.    GATE

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is the top most entrance exam for admission in masters or doctoral courses. Moreover, this exam is also conducted to offer jobs in public sector. Furthermore, the candidates who appear in GATE must have detailed knowledge about the core subjects such as physics, chemistry and mathematics. Besides that, almost all the engineering colleges of India accepts valid GATE scorecard for admission in masters or PhD engineering courses. In addition, the top institutes such as IIT, VIT, NIT, IIIT, MIT etc provide admission on the basis of marks obtained in GATE examination.

4.    PGCET

Post graduation common entrance test is conducted by the Karnataka Examination Authority. Moreover, this entrance exam offers admission in masters engineering courses. Furthermore, this exam is conducted once in a year. In addition, the duration of PGCET is 2 hours 30 minute and it occurs in offline mode.  Besides that, there is no negative marking in this entrance exam. Moreover, the question paper of PGCET is divided into two segments i.e., PART A and PART B. In addition, the basic eligibility to apply in PGCET is to possess a bachelor’s degree in relevant field with minimum 50% marks from any recognized institute or university.

5.    BITSAT

Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test is the entrance exam for getting admission in BITS. Moreover, it is also referred as one of the national level entry level test for admission in several engineering courses. Furthermore, the candidates seeking admission in BITS for civil engineering courses must register themselves by visiting the official website of the BITS. In addition, the duration of BITSAT is around 3 hours and the medium of the exam is in English only. Besides that, the basic eligibility to appear in BITSAT is to possess class 12th result with physics, chemistry, mathematics or biology as the core subjects. Lastly, the exam occurs in online mode only.

 6. SRM JEEE

The SRM Institute of Science and Technology is the conducting authority of SRM JEEE. Moreover, this entrance exam for civil engineering provides admission in BTech/BE courses. Furthermore, the candidates who have successfully cleared class 12th are eligible to apply in this entry level examination. In addition, this exam occurs once in a year. Besides that, the duration of the exam is 2 hours and 30 Minutes and it takes place in online mode only.

7. VITEEE

Vellore Institute of Technology i.e., VIT conducts this University level engineering entrance exam. Moreover, the candidates who wish to attain bachelors or masters degree from VIT need to apply in VITEEE. Besides that, mode of VITEEE is online only. In addition, candidate may visit the official website of the VIT University to get all the notification.

Top Civil Engineering Courses in India

Civil Engineering is referred as one of the difficult branches of engineering. Moreover, there are numerous public as well as private universities and institutes that offer civil engineering courses. Furthermore, the top institutes are IIT, VIT, NIT, SRM University, JNU, DTU etc. In addition, the candidates must fulfill the basic eligibility for civil engineering to get admission in any courses. Besides that, the basic selection criteria are to clear any National or State level entrance examination to get admission in top notch universities. Moreover, the most popular course in this field is BTech/BE. Furthermore, students can also opt for diploma in civil engineering after competing class 12th or its equivalent. In addition, the students seeking admission in UG/Bachelor’s program must possess minimum 60% marks in class 12th with science (PCM) as the core subjects.

Furthermore, this branch of engineering deals with the study of construction, designing and maintenance of the infrastructure. Thus, the candidate should possess skills as well as basic knowledge to perform different duties. Moreover, the scope of civil engineering is also great. In addition, candidates could work for private as well as public construction agencies. Besides that, a civil engineering graduate can work in different sectors such as in railway, transportation, aerospace, construction site, geotechnical field etc. Moreover, various institutes or universities of India conduct entrance examination to offer admission in civil engineering courses. Lastly, some entrance exam for chemical engineering are JEE Main/JNU EE/ SRM EEE/GATE/UGC NET/JEE Advanced/VITEEE/CSIR etc.

Top Civil Engineering Courses for Bachelors in India

BTech in Civil Engineering

The Bachelor in Technology in Civil Engineering or BTech is considered as a 4-year UG course. Moreover, this course provides knowledge about the designing, planning, and development, maintaining and constructing any infrastructure. Furthermore, the registration for applying in any colleges for BTech course initiates in the month of June or August i.e., after the declaration of class 12th board examination. In addition, the admission takes place on the basis of marks secured in class 12th or qualify its equivalent examination.

Besides that, the aspiring student must possess minimum 50-60% marks in HSC on the basis of requirement of different educational institutions. Moreover, you can get entry into top universities offering BTech in Civil engineering by passing any National Level examination such as JEE Main or JEE Advanced. Furthermore, if you possess a diploma in relevant field then, you are eligible to apply as lateral entry which means you will directly get admission in the second year of the BTech course.

In addition, the average fee of BTech courses varies depending upon the type of institute/university. Besides that, the government funded university charge fees while the private university charges more fee. Moreover, the average fee may range betwixt INR 2 LPA- INR 6 LPA. Furthermore, top institutes of BTech like IIT, VIT, NIT charges fee which is approximately around INR 3.5 LPA- INR 5 LPA.

Moreover, the B Tech civil engineering course possesses subjects that contain detailed concepts of mathematics and physics. Furthermore, some new institutes include subjects such as smart city technology, material science, sustainable energy etc.

Now read some more points about BTech:

  • Firstly, there are numerous entrance exam for civil engineering. Thus, if you want to get entry in the top universities or institute then you must possess a valid entrance scorecard.
  • Secondly, the most popular entry level exam which are acceptable in top notch universities are JEE Main, JEE Advanced, SRMJEEE, COMEDK, BITSAT.
  • Thirdly, this branch of engineering and this course is one of the second oldest streams. Thus, many renowed institutes and universities are working to make certain advancements in the course curriculum as well as syllabus.
  • Moreover, the scope of BTech in civil engineering is very great as the demand for construction is increasing with increment in the population and lifestyle.
  • Furthermore, many new technologies and scientific upgradation is done in the field of civil engineering such as computer aided design (CAD), design and analysis, engineering graphics and design etc.
  • In addition, the civil engineers are required in the field of railway, airport, govt construction agencies, private agencies, environmental engineering and many more.

Eligibility for civil engineering BTech:

  • Firstly, all B Tech aspirants must possess minimum 50% marks in class 10+2 with physics, chemistry as well as mathematics as the major subjects from a recognized board.
  • Secondly, the candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC category gets a relaxation of 5-10%.
  • Thirdly, students who possess a diploma in relevant field after the completion of class 10th are eligible to get direct admission in BTech courses.
  • Lastly, the basic admission criterion is entrance or merit based.

List of Top BTech Colleges in India

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off
Indian Institute of Technology N/A 99%-100%
NIT N/A 99.5%
Vellore Institute of Technology N/A
Birla Institute of Technology N/A
Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology N/A
Manipal Institute of Technology N/A
SRM Institute of Science and Technology N/A

Average Fees for BTech: INR 2 LPA- INR 6 LPA

Admission Criteria for BTech: On the basis of score in National/State level entrance examination

Types of Jobs after BTech: Civil Engineer, Civil Engineering Technicians, Water Resource Engineer Transportation Engineer, Structural Engineer as well as Environmental Engineers etc.

Average Placements after BTech: INR 3 LPA – INR 5 LPA

Top Civil Engineering Courses for Masters in India

MTech in Civil Engineering

The Master of Technology in civil engineering or MTech is a 2 year PG course. Moreover, it is a technical course that provides education about the construction of physical structure. Furthermore, both theoretical as well as practical knowledge is given in this course. In addition, during the coursework of MTech the candidate have to do industrial training to gain practical knowledge about construction. Besides that, students get knowledge about the construction of roads, bridges, dams, building, tunnel, airports, sewage system etc. Moreover, the entry into the top universities for masters in civil engineering occurs on the basis of performance in bachelor’s course as well as in entrance examination. Furthermore, some of the popular entrance exam for civil engineering is GATE/TANCET/UPSEE and many more.

Now read some more points about MTech:

  • Firstly, MTech is a higher level course that provides the platform to gain knowledge about designing the structure and shape of the infrastructure and maintaining the existing buildings.
  • Secondly, the scope of this course is very nice and the candidate can build a successful career in the field of civil engineering.
  • Thirdly, there are various specializations in MTech course in this particular field such as soil foundation mechanics, geotechnical engineering, design and foundation systems, rock mechanics etc.
  • Moreover, the average fee structure of MTech course is approximately around INR 50000- INR 4.50 LPA. Furthermore, the government funded institutes charge less fee as compared to private MTech Universities.
  • In addition, some job opportunities after the completion of this course are draftsman, city planner, coordinator, civil engineering specialist, project engineer, building designer etc.
  • Lastly, the average civil engineering salary may range between INR 7 LPA- INR 10 LPA and the salary may increase as per the work experience and job role.

MTech Eligibility criteria:

It is very crucial to know about the basic eligibility criteria before applying in any university. Thus, following is the basic eligibility for admission in MTech course.

  • Firstly, the candidate must possess a BTech/BE degree in relevant field or BPlan degree or any equivalent qualification from a recognized institute or university.
  • Secondly, the student must possess minimum 55% marks in UG/BTech program to appear in any entrance examination for MTech admission.
  • Thirdly, the candidates must appear in entrance exam followed by GD and PI.

MTech civil engineering subjects:

  • Engineering Properties of Soils Foundation Engineering
  • Earth Pressure
  • Rock Mechanics
  • Case Histories in Geo-technical Engineering
  • Advanced Rock Mechanics
  • Neuro-Fuzzy Applications
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Ground Improvement Engineering
  • Soil Dynamics and Machine Foundations
  • Clay Mineralogy
  • Computational and Statistical Methods
  • Flow through Porous Media
  • Geotechnical Exploration and Advanced Soil Testing
  • Earth Dams and Slope Stability
  • Pavement Analysis and Design
  • Computer Aided Design of Foundations
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Design of Foundation Systems
  • Soil-Structure Interaction
  • Engineering Geology

MTech recruiters in India:

  • Bharat Earth Movers Limited
  • Jaypee Group
  • National Fertilizers Limited
  • Power Grid Corporation of India Limited
  • Aditya Birla Group
  • MMTC Limited
  • NCC
  • Hindustan Zinc Limited
  • HCC
  • Unitech
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
  • Gammon India
  • Simplex Infra
  • IVRCL
  • National Thermal Power Corporation
  • MMTC Limited
  • National Buildings Construction Corporation Limited

List of Top MTech Colleges in India

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off/Merit Based
IIT N/A 99%-100%
National Institute of Technology N/A
Baharati Vidyapith Deemed University N/A
Shiv Nadar University N/A
Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science N/A
Maulana Abul Kalam University of Technology N/A
GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology N/A

Average Fees for MTech: INR 50000 – INR 4.50 LPA

Admission Criteria for MTech: On the basis of entrance examination followed by GD and PI/Direct admission.

Types of Jobs after MTech: Process Engineer, Senior Civil Engineer, project Manager, Structural Engineer, Civil Engineer, lecturer etc.

Average Placements after MTech: INR 7 LPA – INR 13 LPA

PhD in Civil Engineering

The PhD course in Civil engineering is 4-5 year program. Moreover, it is the doctoral level program that provides in-depth knowledge of a particular specialization. Furthermore, this course provides the detailed understanding about the designing and development of the integral parts of the infrastructure. In addition, the scope after completion of PhD course is very vast. Moreover, PhD candidates have to choose a particular specialization to study such as geotechnical engineering, hydraulics, Geoinformatics, infrastructure engineering, water resource engineering etc. Furthermore, the candidates have to carry out research on a particular subject for their dissertation.

In addition, the scope or civil engineering jobs after PhD are very vast. Besides that, the candidates could also get civil engineering govt jobs after competing PhD. Moreover, candidates usually opt to work in the academic sector as lecturer or professor. Furthermore, some PhD holders also go for post doctoral research. In addition, the basic salary after PhD is approximately around INR 2 LPA -9 LPA. Besides that, the salary may increase upto INR 22 LPA on the basis of experience in a particular specialization.

PhD Eligibility:

The candidate who wish to pursue higher level of degree i.e., PhD must know about the basic eligibility criteria.

  • Firstly, the candidate must possess a master’s or PG degree in the field of engineering from any recognized institute or university.
  • Secondly, the PhD aspirant must possess minimum 60% marks in PG course to be eligible for getting admission in PhD program.
  • Thirdly, the top universities or institutes of India accepts National Level scorecard to provide admission in PhD courses.
  • Moreover, some entrance exam for civil engineering is GATE, NET, and CSIR etc.

Colleges/Universities offering PhD in Civil Engineering

College Name Affiliated University Eligibility
IIT N/A MPhil + NET/GATE
National Institute of Technology N/A GATE
Birla Institute of Technology and Science N/A BITSAT/GATE/NET
IIT BHU N/A GATE
Institute of Chemical Technology N/A NET/GATE
Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology N/A GATE
Jamia Millia Islamia University N/A JNU entrance exam/GATE

Average Fees for PhD in Civil Engineering:  INR 19000 – INR 23000

Admission Criteria for PhD in Civil Engineering: On the basis of entrance examination such as GATE/VITMEE/NET/UGC-CSIR/ITM NEST etc.

Average Placements after PhD in Civil Engineering: INR 2 LPA – INR 9 LPA

What to do after PhD in Civil Engineering?

Candidates who possess deep interest in the field of civil engineering usually opt for higher education. Moreover, there are many job opportunities after completing PhD. Furthermore, teaching is considered as one of the most sought profession for the PhD holders. In addition, candidates could also opt for the post-doctoral research and become scientists. Besides that, the candidates will attain a specialization in a particular subject whether it is designing, geotechnical, railway, highway etc. Some of the job profiles after the completion of PhD in civil engineering are:

  • Head quality controller
  • Project manager
  • Quality assurance manager
  • Structural designer
  • Site/Civil engineer
  • Project procurement manager
  • Project coordinator
  • Lecturer
  • Researcher
  • Professor and many more.

In addition, many top universities and institutes such as IIT, VIT, and NIT etc provide PhD in civil engineering. Moreover, the PhD candidate possesses a specialization which helps them to achieve a good paying job. Furthermore, civil engineering govt jobs are also offered to PhD holders. Besides that, the average civil engineering salary after completing PhD is approximately around INR 2 LPA- INR 9 LPA. Moreover, the salary may range upto INR 16 LPA- INR 20.34 LPA as per the knowledge and experience in relevant field.

Job Profiles:

  • Building control surveyor
  • Engineering geologist
  • Building services engineer
  • Fire risk assessor
  • Sustainability consultant
  • Geotechnical engineer
  • Urban designer and many more.

Civil Engineering Job Roles & Levels in India

The field of construction is growing day-by-day. Moreover, the population is increasing at a very high rate and the demand of the masses is also increasing. Furthermore, several necessity of the public are roads, railways, dams, bridges, houses, building etc. In addition, the civil engineering has different specializations. Thus, the job profile varies on the basis of specialization. Besides that, civil engineers can get jobs in public as well as private sectors. Moreover, scope of civil engineering after completing graduation is great.

Furthermore, the basic pay scale after BTech/BE in civil engineering is approximately around INR 2.5 LPA –INR 3.45 LPA. In addition, salary may elevate upto INR 9 LPA- INR 10 LPA on the basis of work experience and job profile. Moreover, the civil engineering subjects include detailed concepts of physics and mathematics. Furthermore, the civil engineers in India have to design, construct, draw, develop, maintain, report as well as analyze the construction work.

Civil Engineering jobs in India:

  • Firstly, the candidates who want to work in construction sector can get civil engineering jobs in both public as well as private sector.
  • Secondly, the candidate must have goof designing, construction, and analytical as well as technical skills to carry out various functions at the construction site.
  • Thirdly, incorporation of computer aided design is one of the advancement in civil engineering jobs.
  • Moreover, the pay scale of civil engineering govt jobs is higher than the CTC of private sector.
  • Furthermore, some of the top recruiting companies of civil engineers in India are Hindustan Construction company, Gammon India, L&T, WS Atkins Consultant Limited, Tata Consulting Engineers Ltd and many more.
  • Lastly, the average civil engineering salary is approximately around INR 3.5 LPA- INR 9 LPA.

List of certain jobs in India:

  • Engineering manager
  • Construction engineer
  • Site engineer
  • Civil engineer drafter
  • Architect
  • Structural engineer
  • Geotechnical engineer
  • Transportation engineer
  • Highway engineer
  • Mining engineer

Construction engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 2 LPA to 3.5 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 5.25 LPA to 9 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 10 LPA to 15 LPA

Transportation engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 3 LPA to 4 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 4.50 LPA to 9 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 10.5 LPA to 18 LPA

Site engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.51 LPA to 3 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 4.45 LPA to 10 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 11 LPA to 20 LPA

Railway engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 35400 – INR 1.12 Lacs per month

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 2.4 LPA – INR 10 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 10 LPA to 30 LPA

Geotechnical engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.5 LPA to 3 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 6.04 LPA to 9 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 10 LPA to 20 LPA

Highway engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 3.5 LPA to 5 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 10 LPA to 22 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 22 LPA to 50 LPA

Water management engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 1.39 LPA to 3.50 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 5 LPA to 9 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 10 LPA to 20 LPA

Structural engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced & Highly Experienced

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: Rs 3.5 LPA to 4 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: Rs 6.52 LPA to 9.57 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: Rs 10 LPA to 14 LPA

Frequently Asked Questions about Civil Engineering in India

What does a civil engineer do exactly?

The civil engineers are the professional that learn and implement the concepts of civil engineering. Moreover, civil engineering jobs are to carry to designing, planning, developing, supervising, and constructing as well as maintaining the infrastructure/projects under different public or private sectors. Furthermore, the basic eligibility for civil engineering is to possess class 12h result from a recognized board. In addition, civil engineers are involve in the construction of roads, railways, dams, sewage systems, tunnels, water supply system, buildings, airports, hospitals etc.

Besides that, the demand of civil engineers is growing with the increase in population. Moreover, high standard of living has impacts on the construction world. In addition, incorporation of advance technology as well as science has modernized the construction work. Furthermore, civil engineers not only construct building and bridges but they have major role in aerospace industries as well. In addition, they are involved in designing and construction of the space stations, jetliners etc.

Moreover, the work of civil engineers varies as per the specialization they opt for. In addition, the scope of civil engineering is very vast. Besides that, the base salary is also decent. In addition, civil engineering govt jobs are also available in sectors such as BHEL, Coal India, BPCL, MAHA METRO, academic institutions etc.

Some civil engineering job profiles are:

  • Construction engineer
  • Geotechnical engineer
  • Transport engineer
  • Structural engineer
  • Water management engineer
  • Highway engineer
  • Senior civil engineer
  • Project manager
  • Civil engineering technologist
  • Remote sensing
  • Ocean engineering
  • Hydraulics
  • Lecturer
  • Professor and many more.

Do Civil Engineers make good money?

Yes, civil engineers can earn a great amount. Moreover, the salary varies as per the job profile, location, educational qualification as well as work experience of the candidate. Furthermore, the candidates who possess high level of degree i.e., at doctoral or research level can earn more amount as compared to freshers. In addition, candidates with additional work experience of 2-3 years is recognized and given preference over other candidates. Besides that, the average starting civil engineering salary is approximately around INR 3.56 LPA.

Moreover, different specialization offers variable salary. Furthermore, the candidates who possess a BTech degree in civil engineering get highest paying jobs in India. In addition, the employment opportunities are increasing in this field. Thus, candidates can build a successful career in civil engineering. Besides that, some of the top recruiters are MNCs, PSUs, Government agencies, PWDs, Municipal corporations, Armed forces, Indian railways, transportation companies etc.

Following is the list of certain civil engineering jobs and their salary:

  • Structural engineers- INR 4 LPA INR 5 LPA
  • Site engineers- INR 2.3 LPA –INR 3 LPA
  • Geotechnical engineers- INR 3 LPA – INR 4 LPA
  • Construction engineers- INR 3.5 LPA- INR 6 LPA
  • CAD Designer- INR 3.45 LPA
  • Construction manager- INR 10 LPA
  • Infrastructural consultant- INR 7 LPA
  • Lecturer- INR 7.30 LPA
  • Material specialist- INR 4.30 LPA

In addition, the average civil engineering salary after completing MTech is approximately around INR 4 LPA- INR 10 LPA.

Is civil engineer a good career?

Yes, civil engineering is a great career option for the candidates who have interest in the field of designing and construction. Moreover, the scope of civil engineering is enhancing day-by-day. Furthermore, the top most universities/colleges as well as institutions provides civil engineering courses at different levels. In addition, there is also a good scope after diploma in civil engineering. Besides that, the candidates get to learn about various civil engineering subjects and the core is physics and mathematics. Moreover, civil engineers are usually required in every sector whether it be private or public.

Furthermore, the placements occur on the basis of performance in the interview as well as educational qualification. In addition, some top recruiters are Hindustan Construction Company, Tata projects, Gammon India, DLF Limited, Hindustan Steelworks, L&T, Jacobs engineering and many more. Besides that, candidates who possess higher degree in civil engineering could also work in academic field as professor or lecturer.

Moreover, the candidates who aspire to build their career in the field of civil engineering must possess basic eligibility and have essential skills to perform different functions. In addition, civil engineering syllabus provides both theoretical as well as technical knowledge. Additionally, the students have to do industrial training also during the coursework.

Besides that, the basic civil engineering salary is approximately equal to INR 3.56 LPA- INR 9 LPA. Moreover, it may increase with time and experience. In addition, there are various specializations in this particular field so candidates can build a good career in civil engineering.

Is civil engineering hard?

The civil engineering is a very diverse branch of engineering. Moreover, it involves skills and interest to develop and design various structures. Furthermore, it is one of the difficult branches of engineering. But, in India civil engineering is regarded as less hectic and easy course. In addition, the candidate has to be more patient while working on engineering drawing. Besides that, it is very important to have dedication towards studying because civil engineering syllabus includes designing, constructing, planning, maintaining, drawing of high rise structure.

Thus, if the work is not clear and up to the mark then, the investment on a particular construction site will go into vain. Moreover, it is also necessary to keep in mind the safety of the structure to avoid any kind of accidents. Furthermore, the average retention rate of civil engineering is around 80%. Thus, it is one of the hardest courses.

Various functions of civil engineering are:

  • Feasibility studies
  • Investigation of the site
  • Designing
  • Construction
  • Maintenance
  • Research
  • Safety
  • Evaluation
  • Reporting

In addition, some of the important skills in civil engineering are technical skills, creativity, attention to the details, team management, ability to analyze and visualize etc. Moreover, admission in civil engineering courses takes place on the basis of merit and entrance examination. In addition, several National/State/University level entrance exam for civil engineering are conducted to provide admission in different courses.

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List of Universities offering Civil Engineering