Chemical Engineering: Meaning, Types, Scope, Courses, Jobs & More

The Chemical Engineering is referred as a specialized field that provides knowledge regarding design as well as operation of the chemical plant. Moreover, the main job in this specialization is to transform the raw material into chemically useful products. Furthermore, chemical engineering course is the sub-branch of the engineering courses. In addition, there are various colleges and universities of India that offers different engineering course at different levels. Besides that, in chemical engineering the knowledge of all major subjects such as chemistry, physics, economic, mathematics as well as biology is essential to develop, design transform and operate various processes of the chemical industry to generate the desirable product. 

Table of Contents

What is Chemical Engineering?

It is important to know about engineering before heading towards this field. Moreover, engineering refers to the scientific study of manufacturing machines as well as solving other technical issues. Furthermore, there are numerous branches of engineering. In addition, this specialization is one of the sub-types of the engineering program. Moreover, this field of engineering is defined as the specialization in the field of engineering or technology that deals with designing, transforming, implementing, producing as well as converting the raw materials into products that are useful for the humans.

In addition, there are various courses in this particular field. Thus, some of them are listed below:

  • Diploma
  • BE
  • BTech
  • BSc/BS
  • ME
  • MTech
  • MSc/MS
  • PhD

Moreover, this field of engineering is very vast. Furthermore, certain areas which demands professionals which are experienced in manufacturing, electronics, environmental health as well as safety, pharmaceuticals, microelectronics, polymers, biotechnology, chemical industry, food processing companies etc. In addition, chemical engineering in itself is a very broad field and certain other fields which are affiliated with chemical engineering are fluid dynamics, nanotechnology, material science, ceramics, biotechnology, mineral processing as well as thermodynamics.

Chemical Engineering subjects:

The chemical engineering subjects contains in-depth knowledge about the course. Moreover, it helps the students to implement the knowledge in the industrial field. Furthermore, the chemical engineering subjects also include practical that helps you to attain practical knowledge regarding the subject. In addition, following is the list of year-wise subjects of this particular specialization:

FIRST YEAR:

  • Mathematics I
  • Chemistry
  • Material science
  • Physics
  • Basic civil and mechanical engineering
  • Computer programming
  • Engineering mechanics
  • Mathematics II
  • Engineering thermodynamics
  • Environmental Science
  • Basic Electrical and electronic engineering
  • Practicals

SECOND YEAR:

  • Mathematics III
  • Strength of material
  • Organic chemistry
  • Physical chemistry
  • Mathematics IV
  • Mass transfer
  • Process calculations
  • Thermodynamics
  • Mechanical operations
  • Process heat transfer
  • Momentum transfer
  • Electrical and electronic engineering
  • Practicals

THIRD YEAR

  • Mass transfer II
  • Chemical reaction engineering
  • Elective I
  • Chemical engineering practice
  • Process Instrumentation
  • Chemical reaction engineering II
  • Energy Technology and Management
  • Chemical process industries
  • Numerical methods and special functions
  • Mass transfer III
  • Elective I and II
  • Practicals

FOURTH YEAR

  • Process dynamics and control
  • Mechanical design of chemical equipments
  • Transport phenomenon
  • Pollution control in process industries
  • Industrial management
  • Process engineering economics
  • Elective III, IV, V and VI
  • Practicals

History of Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering is the branch of the engineering that provide in-depth knowledge about the design and development of the chemical industries. Moreover, this specialization of engineering was originated through industrial chemistry in the late 19Th century. Furthermore, during the industrial chemistry soaps were formulated in the industries via batch processing. In addition, George E. Davis is the first known chemical engineer and he is known as the father of chemical engineering. Besides that, the professional of this field work in various sectors such as mining, energy, food industry, water treatment industries etc. Moreover, several discoveries as well as advancement in the field of chemistry as well as industrial chemistry lead to the development of this field.

Furthermore, the first course of this specialization curriculum was laid down in MIT after the summarization of series of lectures in industrial practice in chemical industry. In addition, in 1908, the American Institute of Chemical Engineer was setup. Besides that, the modern aspects of this field involves in the development of large-scale chemical manufacturing companies.

Types of Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering courses have different specializations. Moreover, there are different levels of the chemical engineering courses in India. Furthermore, this course is originated on the basis of associated concepts of chemistry, physics as well as mathematics. In addition, candidates must be clear about the field of interest before applying in any course. Besides that, all the types of chemical engineering provide brief idea about the design, development as well as operation of chemical industries.  Moreover, the basic eligibility to apply in chemical engineering courses in to possess class 12th result.

Various courses in this specialization are:

  • BSc
  • BTech/BE
  • MSc
  • MTech/ME
  • Diploma courses
  • Certificate courses
  • PhD

In addition, the chemical engineering course cover the major subjects such as fluid dynamics, mathematics, applied chemistry, analytical science and many more.

Besides that, the scope of this field is very vast. Moreover, the professionals work in different sectors such as mining, energy, healthcare, nuclear, chemical, petrochemicals, oil, natural gas as well as other chemical industrial sectors. Following are some types of courses in this field:

Thermodynamics

The chemical engineering possess a specialization i.e., thermodynamics. Moreover, it is known as the study of relationship between work, heat, energy as well as temperature. Furthermore, there are various laws in thermodynamics that provide the information about the energy exchange. In addition, the basic concept of thermodynamics is the energy transformation. Besides that, the field of chemical thermodynamics provides knowledge about the heat and work with respect to chemical reactions taking place in a system. Moreover, the chemical reaction can be evaluated and observed by observing the physical change in the state of the system. In addition, admission in this course takes place on the basis of entrance or merit in last qualifying examination.

Fluid mechanics

 

It is also one of the major types of chemical engineering course. Moreover, fluid mechanics is a branch of physics as well as chemistry that deals with the mechanics of the fluid. Furthermore, the basic concept behind the study of fluid mechanism is to analyze the variable behavior of the fluid under different atmospheric conditions. In addition, fluid mechanics is taught briefly in civil, mechanical as well as chemical engineering. Besides that, the study of fluid mechanism has great scope as well as application in different sectors. Moreover, it is applicable in civil, chemical, mechanical, astrophysics as well as in biological systems. Furthermore, admission in fluid mechanics chemical engineering courses takes place on the basis of national/state/university level entrance examination.

Applied mechanics

It is also one of the important types of chemical engineering. Moreover, applied mechanics is the branch of the physical science. Furthermore, this specialization provides knowledge about the mechanics of fluid as well as solids. In addition, this specialization helps the chemical engineer to interpret the response of the system on the basis of external behavior.  Besides that, MSc in applied mechanics is one of the most popular courses. Moreover, admission takes place on the basis of merit or entrance test followed by the interview round. Furthermore, before applying to this specialization, the candidates should be clear about the area of interest.

Chemical reaction engineering

The chemical reaction engineering is the major branch of chemical engineering. Moreover, all the chemical reaction taking place in a system is studied under this specialization. Furthermore, all the process in the entire world takes place with the help of chemical reactions. In addition, the candidates who opt for this specialization must have good knowledge about chemistry and chemical reaction. Besides that, in chemical engineering chemistry is the core subject that helps to gain further knowledge in UG or PG level courses.

Environmental engineering

 

It is a type of chemical engineering that provides knowledge about the methods as well as facilities to overcome the environmental hazards and environmental pollution. Moreover, there are various techniques taught in environmental engineering such as waste disposal, water and air purification, recycling of waste etc. In addition, all this process requires basic knowledge about this specialization.

Scope of Chemical Engineering in India

The chemical engineering scope in India is increasing as per the increment in the petrochemicals as well as other industries. Moreover, chemical engineering scope is also in the field of biomedical and the healthcare sector. Furthermore, candidates can get private as well as govt chemical engineering jobs. In addition, different factories that offer chemical engineering jobs in India are petroleum refineries, food processing unit, cement and paint industries, cosmetic industries, pharmaceutical industries, fertilizer companies as well as the biotechnology sector and many more. Besides that, the scope of this specialization is also growing the aerospace sectors.

Moreover, chemical engineering jobs are offered on the basis of level of qualification along with any experience in this particular specialization. Furthermore, there are numerous job profiles after the completion of the chemical engineering courses. In addition, the candidates can also opt to work in the academic sector after completing higher level of degree in this field. Besides that, the basic salary is approximately around INR 9 LPA – INR 10 LPA. Thus, it is one of the profitable as well as highest paying jobs in India. Moreover, the candidates must possess essential skills and knowledge to become a chemical engineer.

Now, read some more points about the scope of this field in India:

  • Firstly the candidates belonging to this background can work as chemical engineer, laboratory technician, researcher, product development manager, energy engineer, mining engineer, analytical chemist, food scientist etc.
  • Secondly, chemical engineering job opportunities are available in both private as well as public sector.
  • Thirdly, this branch of engineering is growing with the increase in the chemical industrial sector.
  • Moreover, there is a great demand of chemical engineering graduates in India.
  • Furthermore, you can also opt for higher education and work as professor or lecturer in the top colleges/institutes of India.

Some top recruiters of this specialization are:

  • GAIL Limited
  • L&T
  • ONGC
  • Sun Pharmaceutical
  • Wipro
  • Arofine Polymers
  • Colour-Chem Ltd
  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited
  • Pfizer Inc.
  • Reliance industries
  • HPCL
  • Infosys
  • Narcotics Control Bureau and many more.

In addition, there are numerous chemical engineering jobs for freshers. Moreover, the types of job as well as job roles vary may vary on the basis of interest, experience, pay scale as well as educational qualification etc. Besides that, some chemical engineering jobs are listed below:

1.    Chemical Engineer

The main role of the engineering professional is to develop as well as design the manufacturing process. Moreover, the chemical engineer needs to implement the chemical knowledge in the field of chemical engineering. Furthermore, it is important for the engineer to possess in-depth knowledge of core chemical engineering subjects such as chemistry, mathematics, biology as well as physics to solve the issues of the chemical industry. In addition, chemical engineers are involved in producing and utilization of fuels, chemicals, food, drugs, polymers as well as paint and many more products.

Besides that, the basic eligibility to become a chemical engineer is to possess bachelors or master’s degree in relevant field from a recognized institute or university. Moreover, the average salary of chemical engineer is approximately around INR 2.40 LPA- INR 5.15 LPA.

2.    Quality control Engineer

The quality control engineers check the quality of the products. Moreover, they test the products and compare its quality against the standard material.

  • Furthermore, quality control engineer have to carry out various experiments to analyze the durability, reliability as well as functionality of the manufactured product.
  • In addition, the quality control engineer also needs to maintain the written documents that contain all the information about the quality of the product along with the evaluations.
  • Besides that, the basic chemical engineer eligibility to become a quality control engineer is to possess a 4 year bachelor’s degree.
  • Moreover, the candidates must also possess experience in the laboratory handling of chemicals to check the quality efficiently.
  • Furthermore, students with higher degree in this field are given preference over other candidates.
  • Lastly, the average salary of quality control engineer is equal to INR 5.90 LPA.

3.    Manufacturing Engineer

The main work of manufacturing engineer is to develop as well as design the machines or the operating systems to generate the product.

  • Firstly, some duties of a manufacturing engineer to provide solutions to resolve the technical issues, installation as well as maintenance of the equipments used in a chemical industry.
  • Secondly, a manufacturing engineer is also involved in the process of monitoring and validation of the equipments.
  • Thirdly, the basic chemical engineering eligibility to become a manufacturing engineer is to possess a bachelor’s degree in relevant field.
  • Besides that, the aspiring candidates should also possess minimum 3 year of work experience or its equivalent in the field of manufacturing engineering.
  • Lastly, the average salary of a manufacturing engineer is approximately around INR 4.01 LPA.

 

4.    Analytical chemist

The analytical chemists are involved in the usage of instrumentation. Moreover, an analytical chemist performs experiments to analyze the product. Read below to know about the functions of an analytical chemist:

  • Firstly, he/she is performs various functions such as separation, identification as well as quantification of the chemical substances.
  • Secondly, an analytical chemist must have bachelor’s degree in the field of chemistry, mathematics, physics or relevant field.
  • Thirdly, it is necessary to have a doctoral degree to work in the research sector as an analytical chemist.
  • Moreover, the core job of an analytical chemist is to perform the laboratory experiments, design the instrumentation as well as carry out product and process development etc.
  • In addition, the analytical chemist also performs the experiments to know about the exact composition of the chemical substances.
  • Lastly, the average chemical engineering salary of an analytical chemist is equal to INR 3.60 LPA.

5.    Food scientist

A food scientist or food technologists uses different principles of chemical engineering to study about the basic components of the food products. Moreover, food scientists are in great demand in food processing companies. Furthermore, hey monitor certain activities in the food industries such as fermentation, pasteurization, packaging, temperature etc. In addition, food scientists also analyze the nutritional value of the food products.

Besides that, a food scientist discovers different processes to manufacture safe as well as healthy food. Moreover, implementation of chemical engineering syllabus in the food manufacturing sector is the basic concept of food scientist. Furthermore, higher education in this particular specialization is necessary to become a food scientist. Lastly, the average salary of a food scientist is approximately around INR 7.50 LPA.

6.    Nuclear Engineer

The chemical engineering scope in the field of nuclear stations is very vast. Moreover, highly trained as well as experienced chemical engineer work with the nuclear engineer. Furthermore, the main work of a nuclear engineer is to design, run as well as manage various functions of the nuclear power station. In addition, the job profile of a nuclear engineer may vary as per the job roles such as quality engineer, safety and health manager, operators of reactors etc. Lastly, the average salary of nuclear engineer is approximately around INR 8 LPA.

7.    Professor/lecturer

 

The candidates who possess doctoral degree in the field of chemical engineering could also become lecturer or professor in chemical engineering colleges or universities. Moreover, the basic pay scale of lecturer or professor is around INR 10 LPA.

8.    Petroleum Engineer

The economy of the nation is dependent on petrol. Moreover, the petroleum engineers are in great demand. Furthermore, the main role of petroleum engineers is to find out various methods for manufacturing, extracting, filtering as well as separating the petrol. In addition, evaluation of the extracted product is also takes place by petroleum engineers. Lastly the average salary of a petroleum engineer is approximately around INR 7 LPA. In addition, the salary may increase as per the experience in the field of petroleum engineering. Besides that, the highest salary of petroleum engineer is around INR 23 LPA.

In addition, chemical engineering scope in India is developing with the development of different chemical based industries. Furthermore, some other chemical engineering jobs are mining engineer, product developer, process engineer, environmental engineer, energy engineer, product scientist, senior process engineer etc. In addition, it is important to possess skills and in-depth knowledge in this particular sector. Besides that, BTech/MTech in this field is the most popular courses in this field.

Eligibility Criteria for Chemical Engineering in India

The chemical engineering eligibility criteria is different for variable levels of courses. Moreover, different institutes as well as colleges posses different chemical engineering eligibility. Furthermore, some university accepts only National/state level entrance scorecard while some private universities conduct their university level entrance exam for chemical engineering. Thus, the candidates should be familiar with the chemical engineering eligibility as well as terms and conditions before applying in any chemical engineering course. In addition, candidates can apply in chemical engineering courses after the successful completion of class 10+2 examination or its equivalent from a recognized board. Lastly, some top institutes in India accepts entrance exam for chemical engineering.

Read below to know about the eligibility criteria:

Undergraduate Eligibility criteria:

  • Firstly, the candidate seeking admission in chemical engineering courses must pass class 10+2 or its equivalent from recognized board.
  • Secondly, UG aspirants need to possess class 12th in subjects such as mathematics, chemistry, and physics.
  • Thirdly, entrance exam for chemical engineering is necessary for admission in various chemical engineering courses.
  • Moreover, the candidates who want to get admission in IIT must appear in JEE Main and JEE Advance entrance examination.
  • Furthermore, some other entrance exams for chemical engineering are UPSEE, BITSAT, LPU NEST, SRMJEEE, UPSEE etc.
  • In addition, chemical engineering course fees are approximately around INR 3 LPA- INR 9 LPA.
  • Lastly, the basic admission criterion is entrance or merit basis.

Postgraduate Eligibility criteria:

  • Firstly, the candidates for admission in masters/PG/MTech chemical engineering must possess a bachelor’s degree in relevant field with minimum 55%.
  • Secondly, the students belonging to SC/ST/PWD or EWS category usually gets a relaxation of 5%.
  • Thirdly, admission in Masters in chemical engineering courses takes place on the basis of entrance examination followed by GD and PI.
  • Moreover, some of the PG entrance exam for chemical engineering is GATE/APECET/AUCET/SAAT etc.
  • Furthermore, PG chemical engineering course fees are approximately around INR 50000- INR 3 LPA.
  • In addition, the candidates who possess a National level entrance scorecard get direct entry to PG chemical engineering courses on the basis of PI.

PhD Eligibility criteria

  • The candidates seeking admission in doctoral chemical engineering courses must possess a master’s degree or its equivalent from a recognized institute or university.
  • Secondly, the candidates should possess minimum 55% marks in PG program to be eligible to apply in PhD course.
  • Thirdly, the candidates who possess MPhil or NET scorecard are also eligible for the direct admission in PhD in chemical engineering courses.
  • Moreover, all the PhD aspirants have to appear in entrance test followed by personal interview round.
  • Lastly, some entrance exams for admission in PhD program are UGC NET/JRF/CSIR/GATE etc.

Chemical Engineering Entrance Exams

The admission in chemical engineering courses takes place strictly on the basis of merit in last qualifying examination. Moreover, there are numerous top institutes such as IIT, NIT, VIT etc in India that offer chemical engineering courses. Furthermore, most of the universities in India accepts entrance exam for chemical engineering. In addition, certain private universities also conducts university level entrance exam for admission in this field. Besides that, admission in the PG as well as PhD chemical engineering courses occurs on the basis of entrance examination along with performance in GD as well as PI. Moreover, some of the seats are reserved for the candidates belonging to the minority section of the society. Furthermore, admission in the diploma in relevant courses takes place on the basis of result of class 10+2 or its equivalent from a recognized board.

In addition, the candidates should belong to science background with physics, mathematics as well as chemistry as the core subjects. Moreover, numerous entrance exams for chemical engineering are conducted by the national as well as the state authority of India. In addition, most of the universities/colleges offering different courses in this specialization are approved via NAAC/AICTE/UGC/AKTU etc. Besides that, courses offered after clearing the entrance exam for chemical engineering are BTech/BE/BS/BSc/MTech/ME/MS/MSc etc. In addition, the main entrance exam for different courses in this field is JEE Main/JEE Advanced/GATE/AIEEE/VITEEE/BITSAT/MU OET/SRMJEEE/MHT CET/AP EAMCET/KLEEE/TS EAMCET and many more. Thus, the final selection takes place on the basis of entrance as well as merit.

1.    JEE Mains

The Joint Entrance Examination or JEE Main is one of the National Level entrance exam for chemical engineering. Moreover, it provides admission in bachelors (BTech/BE) courses. Furthermore, the candidates who possess a valid JEE Main scorecard are eligible to apply in IIT. In addition, National Testing Agency conducts the JEE Main entrance exam for this field. Besides that, the exam takes place in online mode and consists of questions from the core subjects. Moreover, the duration of JEE Main is approximately around 3 hours. Furthermore, candidates must clear class 12 to be eligible to apply in JEE Main entrance exam for this field. In addition, this exam is conducted to provide admission in engineering, planning as well as architecture courses.

Moreover, after the completion of the exam the authority releases the cut off list on the basis of which students get admission in their desirable college/institutes. In addition, students can check the vacancy on the basis of JoSAA counselling. Besides that, there are almost 6 rounds of the JoSAA counseling.

2.    JEE Advanced

The Joint entrance exam advanced is conducted for providing admission in IIT. Moreover, the registration of JEE Advanced closed on 21 September 2021. Furthermore, the duration of each paper in JEE Advanced is 3 hours. In addition, it is also a National level entrance exam for chemical engineering. Besides that, IIT Kharagpur is the conducting authority of JEE Advanced. Moreover, the exam takes place in online mode. Furthermore, this year JEE Advanced will be on 3 October. In addition, the basic eligibility for JEE Advance is to possess class 12th marksheet along with a valid JEE Main scorecard. Lastly, only the top rankers of JEE Main are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced.

3.    GATE

It is also one of the national level entrance exam for admission in various PG courses. Moreover, the difficulty level GATE exam 2021 was moderate. Furthermore, the GATE chemical engineering syllabus for 2022 is released via IIT Kharagpur. In addition, candidates must focus on the core subjects such as physics, chemistry as well as mathematics. Besides that, general aptitude as well as engineering mathematics is also important for GATE exam. Moreover, the candidates who possess bachelor’s degree in this particular field or relevant field are eligible to apply for GATE exam. Furthermore, the last date for the GATE registration 2022 is on 24 September. In addition, candidates who successfully clears GATE exam can get admission in MTech/ME courses at IIT, NIT, and IIIT. Besides that, GATE qualified candidates can also get govt chemical engineering jobs.

4.    SRM JEEE

The SRM Joint engineering entrance examination is the University level entrance test. Moreover, it takes place in online mode. Furthermore, the main subjects of focus in this exam are physics, chemistry as well as mathematics. In addition, this entrance exam provides admission in various colleges affiliated to SRM Institute of science and technology. Besides that, this entrance exam provides admission in engineering courses especially in BTech. Moreover, candidates can apply for this exam in online mode. Furthermore, it takes place once in a year. In addition, the duration of SRMJEEE is approximately around 2 hours 30 minutes.

5.    BITSAT

Birla Institute of Technology and Science conduct BITSAT (BITS Admission Test) to provide admission in various engineering courses. Moreover, this exam offers admission in BE in three different specialization in different branches of BITS i.e., in Goa, Hyderabad as well as in Pilani. Furthermore, BITSAT is one of the University based National entrance examination. In addition, it occurs in online mode. Besides that, the exam contains MCQ type of question. Moreover, only 150 questions are asked in BITSAT. Furthermore, the duration of this entrance exam for chemical engineering is 3 hours.

6.    VITEEE

 It is VIT Engineering Entrance Examination conducted by Vellore Institute of Technology. Moreover, this exam offers admission in BTech courses. Furthermore, the application fee of VITEEE is INR 1200. In addition, there are only 80 questions in VITEEE. Besides that, the total mark of VITEEE is 90 marks only. Moreover, the basic eligibility to apply for VITEEE is that the candidates must have passed class 10+2 from a recognized board with physics, chemistry as well as mathematics/biology as the major subjects. Furthermore, this exam occurs in online mode. In addition, the candidate could apply for VITEEE at the official website of VIT in online mode.

7.    UPSEE

Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Exam is organized to provide admission in various colleges or universities of Uttar Pradesh. Moreover, this entrance exam offer admission in numerous UG courses as Chemical engineering is one among them. Furthermore, this exam is administered via Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Technical University. Thus, the colleges affiliated with AKTU accepts UPSEE scorecard. Moreover, after the successful completion of the exam the candidates have to appear in the counseling session to get admission in the college.

Top Chemical Engineering Courses in India

Chemical engineering is regarded as one of the branches of engineering. Moreover, it deals with the design and development of the chemical industries. Furthermore, there are different levels of chemical engineering courses in India such as UG, PG and PhD. In addition, certain Diploma courses in the field of chemical engineering are also there after the completion of class 12th. Besides that, the basic chemical engineering eligibility is to pass class 10+2 or its equivalent exam with minimum 60% marks from a recognized board. Moreover, the most popular courses are BTech as well as MTech. Furthermore, BSc and MSc are also offered in this field. In addition, the candidates who possess interest in handling chemicals and possess the skills to solve technical issues to generate the desirable output opt for chemical engineering courses.

Besides that, chemical engineering scope is great in India as the development of chemical industries is increasing. Moreover, the chemical engineering syllabus provides technical, theoretical as well as practical knowledge to the candidates. Furthermore, mathematics and chemistry are the core subjects of this specialization. In addition, a chemical engineering graduate can work in different sectors such as healthcare, biomedical, chemical plants, oil and natural gas industries, petrochemical industry etc. Besides that, various institutes as well as universities of India conduct entrance examination to offer admission in different courses of this field. Lastly, some entrance exam for chemical engineering are JEE Main/GATE/UGC NET/JEE Advanced/SRMJEEE/VITEEE/CSIR etc.

BTech/BE specializations:

  • Petroleum refinery engineering
  • Nuclear engineering
  • Nanotechnology
  • Biochemical engineering
  • Drugs and pharmaceutical technology
  • Polymer science and technology
  • Optimization and chemical processes etc.

MTech specialization:

  • Petrochemicals
  • Food engineering
  • Bioprocess engineering
  • Chemical process design
  • Industrial pollution control
  • Polymer
  • Industrial biotech etc.

PhD specialization:

  • Energy and environment
  • Reaction engineering
  • Material engineering
  • Biochemical engineering
  • Transport phenomena and complex fluids etc.

Top Chemical Engineering Courses for Bachelors in India

BTech

Bachelor of Technology is considered as the UG level course. Moreover, it is a 4-year chemical engineering program. Furthermore, the chemical engineering syllabus is structured in such as that that it contains all the concepts of chemical engineering as well as chemical management. In addition, it also provides the in-depth knowledge about extraction of various chemicals and perform evaluation test on it.

Besides that, the basic chemical engineering eligibility to get admission in BTech/BE courses is to possess class 10+2 result. Moreover, the BTech/BE aspirants must complete his/her class 12 with physics, mathematics/biology and chemistry as the core subject. Furthermore, admission in BTech chemical engineering course takes place on the basis of entrance exam for chemical engineering such as LPU NEST/JEE Main/JEE Advanced/SRMJEEE/MHT CET/AP EAMCET/WNJEE/UPSEE/KCET/TS EAMCET etc. In addition, the private colleges charge more chemical engineering course fees as compared to the government funded universities or institutions.

Moreover, the various jobs for freshers are available in different sectors such as manufacturing and consumer goods, oil, gas as well as energy, chemical industry, pharmaceutical sector etc. Besides that, the chemical engineering salary is quiet decent. Moreover, the salary may range from INR 4 LPA – INR 21 LPA. Furthermore, the pay scale may vary as per the job role and responsibilities.

Read some more points about BTech:

The Bachelors in chemical engineering provides exposure to the candidates to learn more about the principles as well as mechanics of the chemistry affiliated with engineering. Moreover, this helps the candidates in solving the problems related to the manufacturing, production as well as utilization of chemicals. In addition, chemical engineering subjects links chemistry with mathematics and help the candidates to understand the implementation of the principles of chemical engineering. Besides that, students must possess leadership skills, ability to solve issues as well as designing of projects from scratch.

  • Firstly, the BTech/BE in this particular specialization consists of both theoretical as well as practical subjects.
  • Secondly, the candidates can work in chemical plants and carry out different functions after completion of this chemical engineering course.
  • Thirdly, both private as well as govt chemical engineering jobs are available after completion of BTech course.
  • Moreover, the candidates who possess a diploma in relevant field are also eligible to get direct admission in BTech courses.
  • Lastly, the chemical engineering placements are great as it provide good salary.

BTech in chemical engineering eligibility:

  • Firstly, the candidates need to complete higher secondary education with physics, chemistry, and mathematics as the main subjects.
  • Secondly, the BTech aspirants must possess minimum 60% marks in class 12th from a recognized board.
  • Thirdly, all the Students must appear for entrance exam for chemical engineering with the cut off mentioned by the colleges for admission.
  • Moreover, the candidates with diploma in similar field after class 10th are also eligible to get direct admission in BTech program.

List of Top BTech Colleges in India

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off
Indian Institute of Technology N/A 99%-100%
Vellore Institute of Technology N/A
SRM Institute of engineering and Technology N/A
MIT, Manipal N/A
Lovely professional University N/A
Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education N/A
BITS, Pilani N/A

Average Fees for BTech: INR 3 LPA – INR 9 LPA

Admission Criteria for BTech: On the basis of National or State Level Entrance Exam/Deemed Universities Entrance Exams as well as Direct Admission Process.

Types of Jobs after BTech: Chemical Engineer, Professor, Manager, Technical Service Engineer, Fire & Safety Officer, Chemical System Coordinator and many more.

Average Placements after BTech: INR 2.5 LPA – INR 7 LPA

Top Chemical Engineering Courses for Masters in India

MTech in Chemical Engineering

The Masters in chemical engineering is the 2 year course. Moreover, MTech/ME in chemical engineering provide theoretical and the practical knowledge about the chemical engineering subjects. Furthermore, MTech have different specializations in chemical engineering such as fluid mechanics, chemical process modelling, food processing etc. In addition, the candidates who possess a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering are eligible to apply for MTech/ME in chemical engineering. Besides that, the masters programs require dedication to carry out extensive research in a particular specialization.

Moreover, in the second semester of this course the candidates have to choose the elective subject and select a topic for research. Furthermore, internship is also necessary in this field to gain in-depth knowledge about the chemical engineering syllabus. In addition, the average chemical engineering course fee is approximately around INR 1 LPA. Besides that, many universities and colleges offer scholarship facility to the needy candidates.

Moreover, the placements in this field are also great. Furthermore, the jobs roles offered to a MTech graduate are product engineer, process engineer, process designer, plant designer, chemical engineer and many more.

In addition, the MTech graduates can earn a decent amount in a month. Besides that, the average salary after completion of MTech in this field is around INR 40000 per month.

Read some more points about MTech:

  • Firstly, the MTech/ME course provides practical knowledge on the basis of core subjects to carry out extensive research work and conducts practical.
  • Secondly, there are various specializations in MTech in chemical engineering such as statistical method, fluid mechanics, quality control, computing skills, chemical extracting technology etc.
  • Thirdly, the skills will enable the candidate to adapt and work on the new development of products and solve the problems in a chemical industry.
  • Moreover, this 2 year chemical engineering course prepare the candidate to get private as well as govt chemical engineering jobs
  • Furthermore, candidates can also opt for higher studies who wish to work in research centers of Eminence at National as well as International level.
  • Lastly, the average chemical engineering salary is approximately around INR 3.5 LPA- INR 7 LPA.

MTech syllabus:

  • Advanced Process Control
  • Chemical Process Design
  • Advances in Fluidization Engineering
  • Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design
  • Fuel Cell Technology
  • Nanotechnology
  • Process Modelling and Simulation
  • Polymer Dynamics
  • Advanced Separation Process
  • Computational Techniques in Chemical Engineering
  • Bio Energy and Bio Refinery Engineering
  • Process Optimization
  • Project Work – Phase I
  • Industrial Energy Systems
  • Bioprocess Engineering
  • Ecology for Engineers
  • Multiphase Flow
  • Wastewater and Solid Waste Treatment
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Project Work – Phase II

List of Top MTech Colleges in India

College Name Affiliated University Cut Off/Merit Based
IIT N/A 99%-100%
MIT N/A
SRM University N/A
BITS N/A
Jadavpur University N/A
NIT N/A 99%-100%
SRM Engineering college N/A

Average Fees for MTech: INR 50000 – INR 1.5 LPA

Admission Criteria for MTech: On the basis of GATE as well as other national/state entrance exam.

Types of Jobs after MTech: Process Engineer, Plant Designer, Head Chemical Engineer, Production Engineer, Head Plant Engineer, Quality Control Manager etc.

Average Placements after MTech: INR 4 LPA – INR 6 LPA

PhD in Chemical Engineering

The PhD is a 3-5 year course. Moreover, PhD is considered as the research based course. Furthermore, the candidates who possess master’s degree in relevant field from a recognized institute or university are eligible to apply in PhD courses. In addition, the admission takes place on the basis of written examination followed by group discussion as well as personal interview.

Besides that, the candidates should possess minimum 55% marks in the master’s courses. Moreover, the candidates belonging to minority section gets relaxation of 5%. Furthermore, chemical engineering course fees for PhD program is equivalent to INR 50000- INR 4 LPA. In addition, the jobs profiles after the completion of PhD in chemical engineering are energy manager, analytical chemist, mining engineer, manufacturing engineer, professor/ lecturer etc. Besides that, the average salary after PhD is INR 7 LPA – INR 20 LPA. Moreover, the salary may vary as per the experience, location as well as job profile.

Admission process:

  • Firstly, the candidate must register themselves for the entrance test via valid email id as well as phone number.
  • Secondly, the login credentials will be mailed to the registered email id.
  • Thirdly, the PhD aspirants must fill the application form with all the necessary educational as well as personal details.
  • Moreover, candidates have to upload all the documents, marksheet, photograph as well as signature.
  • Furthermore, pay the application fee via online transaction through debit/credit/net banking.
  • Then, candidate must submit the application form and take the print out of it for future reference.
  • Then, after appearing in the entrance examination, the short-listed candidates need to appear for GD as well as PI round for the final selection.
  • Lastly, final selection occurs on the basis of performance in entrance exam+GD and PI.

Colleges/Universities offering PhD

College Affiliated University Eligibility
IIT Bombay N/A MPhil + NET/GATE
BITS Pilani N/A BITSAT
IIT Delhi N/A GATE
NIT N/A GATE
Sardar Vallabhai National Institute of Technology N/A Merit based
Annamalai University N/A Merit basis (MTech)
Indian Institute of Science N/A Entrance basis

Average Fees for PhD: INR 50000 – INR 4 LPA

Admission Criteria for PhD: On the basis of entrance exam for chemical engineering followed by GD as well as PI.

Average Placements after PhD: INR 7 LPA – INR 20 LPA

What to do after PhD in Chemical Engineering?

PhD in chemical engineering is one of the high level doctoral programs. Moreover, the duration of PhD in chemical engineering is 3-5 years. Furthermore, the chemical engineering scope after the completion of PhD program is vast. Besides that, the pay scale is also high for the PhD candidates as they possess good knowledge as well as technical skills to work in a chemical industry. Moreover, chemical engineering salary after PhD is approximately around INR 7 LPA- INR 20 LPA. Furthermore, admission in PhD program occurs on the basis of entrance exam for chemical engineering such as GATE/UGC NET/CSIR/JRF etc. In addition, various sectors that provide jobs after PhD in this field and some courses are nanotechnology, laboratories, healthcare, food manufacturing, biotechnology, petrochemical industries as well as academic institutions etc.

List of chemical engineering jobs after PhD along with salary are:

 

  • Researcher- INR 10.50 LPA
  • Analytical chemist- INR 8.48 LPA
  • Manufacturing engineer- INR 9.58 LPA
  • Production manager- INR 12.57 LPA
  • Energy manager- INR 10.24 LPA
  • Product or process development scientist- INR 10.25 LPA
  • Professor- INR 11.25 LPA

In addition, some other job roles are biophysicists, chemists, biochemists, material scientists etc. Moreover, chemical engineering jobs are offered on the basis of performance in interview as well as certain technical rounds conducted by the recruiting companies.

Chemical Engineering Job Roles &Levels in India

The chemical engineering bachelors course i.e., BTech in this field is 4 year program. Moreover, this particular course provides various job opportunities. Furthermore, the candidates who wish to go for higher studies opt for masters in this specialization. In addition, chemical engineering jobs in India are offered on the basis of the degree of education as well as work experience in relevant field. Besides that, the candidates should also possess necessary skills to become a chemical engineer.

In addition, the chemical engineering scope for graduate students is very high. Moreover, there are lot of career options after completing the chemical engineering course. Besides that, the average starting salary after completing various courses is around INR 5-9 LPA. Moreover, the salary may increase as per the experience. Furthermore, the candidates must have in-depth knowledge about the main subjects such as mathematics, physics, chemistry as well as biology and economics.

 Several jobs in India:

  • Firstly, the candidates seeking jobs after the completion of this course should possess good analytical and well as designing skills.
  • Secondly, there are various public as well as private sector that provide chemical engineering jobs.
  • Thirdly, the pay scale in the govt chemical engineering jobs is comparatively higher than the private sector pay scale.
  • Moreover, some top recruiters of chemical engineers in India are Tata chemicals, Aditya Birla group, reliance industries, Bharat Petroleum, Bayer cropscience, oil and gas companies, food processing companies, fertilizer industries etc.
  • Furthermore, the basic pay scale in chemical engineering jobs for freshers is approximately around INR 5.15 LPA.
  • In addition, the salary will vary on the basis of job role, location, educational qualification, achievements as well as work experience.

List of certain jobs in India:

  • Chemical engineer
  • Analytical chemist
  • Process engineer
  • Chemical process engineer
  • Assistant professor
  • Food scientist
  • Environmental engineer
  • Project manager
  • Process developer
  • Biotechnologist
  • Chemical plant and system operator
  • Nuclear engineer
  • Lecturer
  • Energy engineer
  • Product as well as process development engineer
  • Mining engineer etc.

 

Analytical Chemist: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced

The analytical chemist usually studies about the separation, identification as well as quantification of the matter. Moreover, it is considered as a great career option. In addition, an analytical chemist could earn a decent amount of money.

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: INR 2 LPA to INR 2.5 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: INR 3 LPA to INR 4 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: INR 5 LPA to INR 9 LPA

Environmental engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced

The environmental engineers are involved in handling and managing the environmental issues related to water management, sewage disposal, pollution etc.

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: INR 2 LPA to INR 2.5 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: INR 4 LPA to INR 5 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: INR 6 LPA to INR 9 LPA

Material engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced

A material engineer deals with material science. Moreover, it is specialized field that provide a great salary to the graduates.

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: INR 2 LPA to INR 3 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: INR 3.67 LPA to INR 4 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: INR 4.5 LPA to INR10 LPA

Process engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced

The process engineer learns about the fundamental principles as well as laws of nature. Moreover, it is the branch of engineering that provide knowledge about the energy conversion.

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: INR 2 LPA to INR 3 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: INR 3 LPA to INR 4.58 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: INR 5 LPA to INR 9 LPA

Lecturer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced

The candidates with PhD holder usually becomes lecturer or professor. Moreover, it is one of the safest and most sought career option after PhD.

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: INR 3 LPA to INR 4 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: INR 5 LPA to INR 8 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: INR 9 LPA to INR 10 LPA

Chemical engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: INR 2 LPA to INR 3 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: INR 3 LPA to INR 4.87 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: INR 9 LPA to INR 10 LPA

Manufacturing engineer: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: INR 2 LPA to INR 3 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: INR 3 LPA to INR 4.68 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: INR 5 LPA to INR 9.5 LPA

Energy manger: Beginner, Mid-Experienced& Highly Experienced

Firstly, Average Salary for Beginners: INR 2 LPA to INR 3 LPA

Secondly, Average Salary for Mid-Experienced: INR 3.5 LPA to INR 4 LPA

Thirdly, Average Salary for Highly Experienced: INR 5 LPA to INR 9 LPA

Frequently Asked Questions about Chemical Engineering in India

What exactly does a chemical engineer do?

Chemical Engineering jobs are to design as well as develop the chemical manufacturing processes. Moreover, a chemical engineer carries out different functions in an industry. Furthermore, the main work of a chemical engineer is to implement the principles of various chemical engineering subjects solve issues and produce chemicals, food, drugs and several other products. In addition, the chemical engineering scope is enhancing day-by-day. Besides that, there is a huge demand of chemical engineers in the field of biotechnology, petroleum industries, aerospace as well as biomedical field. Moreover, various govt chemical engineering jobs are also offered to the candidates who possess higher education in this field. Thus, the jobs in this field are now considered as one of the brightest career in the field of engineering.

In addition, the average salary of professional in this specialization is around INR 50000- INR 60000 per month. Moreover, the pay scale may vary as per the company as well as qualification. Furthermore, experience in this field is also important for getting jobs in this specialization. Besides that, some govt chemical engineering jobs are offered by Indian Oil Corporation limited, National Chemical Laboratory, Steel authority of India Limited, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited, National Metallurgy Laboratory, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited as well as Oil and Natural gas Corporation Limited and many more.

Moreover, some chemical engineering jobs for freshers are:

  • Metallurgical technician
  • Chemical engineer
  • Electronics engineering intern
  • Sales and service engineer
  • Specification engineer
  • Analytical chemist
  • Lead researcher and many more.

Some govt chemical engineering jobs in India are:

  • Consultant
  • Trainee operation assistant
  • Project associate
  • Scientist
  • Energy manager
  • Quality manager etc.

Is Chemical Engineering a good career?

Yes, chemical engineering is a great career option for engineering candidates. Moreover, there are both private as well as govt chemical engineering jobs opportunity for BTech/MTech/BE/ME candidates. Furthermore, the candidates who possess higher degree in chemical engineering could also work in academic sector as lecturer. In addition, chemical engineering scope is gaining popularity and is one of the profitable streams of engineering.

Besides that, various courses provide knowledge about the design and development of chemical industries. Moreover, the candidates seeking admission in bachelors courses in this specialization takes place on the basis of marks in class 10+2 or its equivalent from a recognized board. Furthermore, many top institutions as well as universities in India offer different courses on the basis of entrance examination. In addition, PhD admission occurs on the basis of entrance exam followed by personal interview.

Following is the list of career options after completing chemical engineering courses:

  • Nuclear engineer
  • Petroleum engineer
  • Environmental engineer
  • Product development engineer
  • Energy engineer
  • Product scientist
  • Mining engineer
  • Analytical chemist
  • Researcher
  • Lecturer
  • Process developer etc.

Do chemical engineers get paid well?

Yes, the salary of chemical engineers are quiet decent. Moreover, the chemical engineering salary is equivalent to INR 9 LPA- INR 10 LPA. Furthermore, if the candidates possess some experience in chemical engineering jobs then the salary might be high. In addition, the chemical engineering placements are also fascinating as the candidates would be able to work for different sectors. Besides that, average salary in this specialization is around INR 5.15 LPA.

In addition, the professionals of this field are paid well but its difficulty to get a core job. Moreover, BTech/BE in chemical engineering is one of the wide field that demands chemical engineers in various sectors like oil and gas industry, pharma industry, paint industry, power and energy industry, fertilizer industry etc. Furthermore, the core industry for a chemical engineer is petrochemical industry. Thus, it offers a good and decent salary. In addition, the top most companies offer a decent salary.

Moreover, different profession offers different salary on the basis of job role. Furthermore, public sector usually pays a good amount of money as compared to private companies. In addition, the salary will definitely increase with the increment in the experience of the candidate in a particular specialization. Thus, this field of engineering is a good career option.

Is Chemical Engineering difficult?

Yes, chemical engineering courses are difficult as it requires special skills to adapt and learn different subjects. Moreover, the candidates should posses in-depth knowledge of the core subjects. Furthermore, it is also important to possess good analytical as well as management skills. In addition, the candidates should have focus and interest in learning engineering principles along with knowledge of mathematics as well as chemistry. Besides that, the chemical engineer should handle the chemicals properly.  Moreover, the courses of this field also teach about the environmental, financial as well as issues. Furthermore, chemical engineer must possess good interpretation because huge amount of data needs to be solved to produce the output.

In addition, the admission in different types of engineering courses takes place on the basis of National or state level entrance examination. Besides that, university level entrance exam for admission in several courses are also conducted by private universities. Moreover, it is difficult to learn about different subjects of this field thus the candidate should possess keen interest in handling chemicals as well as solving problems to design and develop the chemical industries. Furthermore, the average retention rate of this field is 84%. Thus, it is one of the difficult courses in the field of engineering.

Some skills necessary are:

  • Analytical skills
  • Deep knowledge of mathematics
  • Interest in chemistry
  • Commercial awareness
  • Problem solving ability
  • Knowledge about chemicals as well as disposal of chemicals
  • Designing skills
  • Attentive
  • Physics knowledge
  • Project management skills etc.

 Admission process:

  • Firstly, the candidates need to select the course and check the eligibility.
  • Secondly, the aspiring candidate must register themselves for the entrance examination.
  • Thirdly, fill the application form with all the necessary details along with passport size photo as well as signature in the given format.
  • Moreover, candidate needs to pay the application fee through online or offline payment method.
  • Furthermore, attain the admit card and appear for examination.
  • In addition, final selection occurs on the basis of merit as well as through counselling session.
  • Lastly, admission in high level degree such as in MTech or PhD takes place on the basis of cumulative performance in entrance, GD as well as PI.
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List of Universities offering Chemical Engineering